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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785368/case-of-perinephric-abscess-disguising-as-renal-tumor
#1
Putu Angga Risky Raharja, Agus Rizal A H Hamid, Chaidir A Mochtar, Rainy Umbas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783255/management-of-the-patients-with-blunt-renal-trauma-20-years-of-clinical-experience
#2
Leonid P Sarychev, Yaroslav V Sarychev, Hanna L Pustovoyt, Sergiy A Sukhomlin, Sergiy M Suprunenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Blunt renal trauma (BRT) is a dangerous medical condition. The aim: Analysis of effectiveness of conservative and expectant treatment tactics under ultrasound and CT monitoring in patients with blunt renal trauma (BRT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The results of treatment of 81 patients with BRT during 20 years (1998-2017) were analyzed. Amount of men was 58 (71.6%), women - 23 (28.4%). Grade I trauma was seen in 37.0% of cases, grade II - in 25...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767316/-ceus-diagnosis-of-solid-renal-tumors
#3
REVIEW
K Stock, H Kübler, T Maurer, J Slotta-Huspenina, K Holzapfel
CLINICAL ISSUE: Renal lesions are detected earlier, often as a result of ultrasound examinations. However, the imaging-based differential diagnosis of different tumour entities remains challenging STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL METHODS: All renal tumours >1 cm should be evaluated for malignancy by computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). If an angiomyolipoma diagnosis cannot be established with imaging, further diagnostics are appropriate or if malignant progression is suspected, then multidisciplinary discussion for TNM-staging based uro-oncologic therapy is usual...
May 16, 2018: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753570/xanthogranulomatous-pyelonephritis-a-complicated-febrile-urinary-tract-infection-detected-by-point-of-care-ultrasound-in-the-emergency-department
#4
Ryan Gibbons, Nicole Leonard, Mark Magee, Allison Zanaboni, Jessica Patterson, Thomas Costantino
BACKGROUND: Febrile urinary tract infections (UTIs) include a spectrum of pathologies from uncomplicated pyelonephritis to urosepsis, including xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP). Most febrile UTIs are treated with antibiotics alone, but studies indicate nearly 12% of cases of presumed simple pyelonephritis require emergent urologic intervention. How to identify these individuals, while limiting unnecessary advanced imaging and delays in diagnosis, challenges all emergency providers...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751201/case-series-of-collapsed-simple-renal-cysts-potentially-simulating-cystic-malignancy-at-ct
#5
Apurva A Bonde, Chenara Johnson, Benjamin Addicott, Antonio C Westphalen, Elena K Korngold, Fergus V Coakley
The radiological differential diagnosis for complex renal cysts seen at CT generally includes cystic malignancy or renal abscess. We have encountered five cases of complex-appearing renal cysts at CT where serial imaging and clinical outcome favored a diagnosis of a collapsed benign simple renal cyst. We present these cases to broaden the differential diagnosis for complex renal cysts seen at CT, highlighting the importance of careful correlation with prior imaging to assist in correct recognition of collapsed simple cysts and potentially allowing for conservative management or surveillance...
May 1, 2018: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719647/common-orbital-infections-state-of-the-art-part-i
#6
REVIEW
Shirin Hamed-Azzam, Islam AlHashash, Daniel Briscoe, Geoffrey E Rose, David H Verity
Infections of the orbit and periorbita are relatively frequent, and can cause significant local and systemic morbidity. Loss of vision occurs in more than 10% of patients, and systemic sequelae can include meningitis, intracranial abscess, and death. Numerous organisms infect the orbit, but the most common are bacteria. There are many methods through which orbital infections occur, with infection from the neighboring ethmoid sinuses the most likely cause for all age groups. Prompt management is essential in suspected orbital cellulitis, and involves urgent intravenous antibiotics, rehydration, and treatment of any co-existent underlying systemic disease, e...
April 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692523/comparison-of-mdct-mri-and-mri-with-diffusion-weighted-imaging-in-evaluation-of-focal-renal-lesions-the-defender-challenger-and-winner
#7
Ankur Goyal, Raju Sharma, Ashu S Bhalla, Shivanand Gamanagatti, Amlesh Seth
Purpose: To compare the diagnostic performance of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and MRI with diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in the characterization of focal renal lesions. We also compared MDCT and MRI in the staging of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Materials and Methods: One hundred and twenty adult patients underwent MDCT (40-row and 128-row scanners), MRI (at 1.5 T), and DWI (at b-values of 0 and 500 s/mm2 ) for characterization of 225 renal lesions...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669701/crizotinib-in-patients-with-advanced-inoperable-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumours-with-and-without-anaplastic-lymphoma-kinase-gene-alterations-european-organisation-for-research-and-treatment-of-cancer-90101-create-a-multicentre-single-drug-prospective-non
#8
Patrick Schöffski, Jozef Sufliarsky, Hans Gelderblom, Jean-Yves Blay, Sandra J Strauss, Silvia Stacchiotti, Piotr Rutkowski, Lars H Lindner, Michael G Leahy, Antoine Italiano, Nicolas Isambert, Maria Debiec-Rychter, Raf Sciot, Thomas Van Cann, Sandrine Marréaud, Axelle Nzokirantevye, Sandra Collette, Agnieszka Wozniak
BACKGROUND: An inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour (IMFT) is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm characterised by anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene rearrangements. We assessed the activity and safety of crizotinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, targeting ALK in patients with advanced IMFT either with or without ALK alterations. METHODS: We did a multicentre, biomarker-driven, single-drug, non-randomised, open-label, two-stage phase 2 trial (European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer 90101 CREATE) at 13 study sites (five university hospitals and eight specialty clinics) in eight European countries (Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, and the UK)...
April 12, 2018: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619261/septic-pulmonary-emboli-and-renal-abscess-caused-by-staphylococcus-aureus-in-an-hiv-infected-patient
#9
Isaí Medina-Piñón, Alan Ledif Reyes-Mondragón, Michel Fernando Martínez-Reséndez, Adrián Camacho-Ortiz
Staphylococcus aureus is a common cause of bacteremia in the general population and can lead to serious metastatic infection particularly in immunocompromised persons. However, prompt diagnosis and management can result in favorable outcomes. In the following case report, the clinical course of an HIV-infected man is presented; he developed bloodstream infection (BSI) and associated complications: septic pulmonary embolism, right renal abscess, and ipsilateral renal vein thrombosis. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was identified as the cause of sepsis and successfully treated with surgery and antimicrobials...
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600927/-a-child-with-abdominal-pain-and-fever-consider-acute-lobar-nephritis-diagnostic-considerations-when-the-appendix-is-invisible-on-ultrasound
#10
A M Bakker, G H E J Vijgen, N G Hartwig, G A Tramper-Stranders
Acute lobar nephritis (ALN) is a focal interstitial bacterial infection of the renal parenchyma. ALN is described as a midpoint between an acute pyelonephritis and renal abscess. ALN is underdiagnosed in children due to both non-specific symptoms and negative urinalysis/bacteriuria laboratory findings. The gold standard for diagnosis of ALN is CT scanning, however MRI can be considered to avoid radiation exposure. Diagnosing ALN is relevant, because it requires prolonged antibiotic treatment. Insufficient antibiotic treatment could cause renal scarring and subsequent hypertension or renal failure...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572611/usefulness-of-a-pleuroperitoneal-shunt-for-treatment-of-refractory-pleural-effusion-in-a-patient-receiving-maintenance-hemodialysis
#11
Masato Habuka, Toru Ito, Yuta Yoshizawa, Koji Matsuo, Shuichi Murakami, Daisuke Kondo, Hiroshi Kanazawa, Ichiei Narita
Refractory pleural effusion can be a life-threatening complication in patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis. We report successful treatment of refractory pleural effusion using a Denver® pleuroperitoneal shunt in one such patient. A 54-year-old Japanese man, who had previously undergone left nephrectomy, was admitted urgently to our department because of a high C-reactive protein (CRP) level, right pleural effusion, and right renal abscess. Because antibiotics proved ineffective and his general state was deteriorating, he underwent emergency insertion of a thoracic drainage tube and nephrectomy, and hemodialysis was started...
March 23, 2018: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568659/primary-nocardia-infection-causing-a-fluorodeoxyglucose-avid-right-renal-mass-in-a-redo-lung-transplant-recipient
#12
Sreeja Biswas Roy, Mitchell D Ross, Pradnya D Patil, Richard Trepeta, Ross M Bremner, Tanmay S Panchabhai
Immunosuppression after lung transplantation may increase susceptibility to opportunistic infection and is associated with early and delayed deaths in lung transplant recipients. Factors that may predispose lung transplant recipients to opportunistic bacterial and fungal infections include prolonged corticosteroid use, renal impairment, treatment of acute rejection, and post-transplant diabetes mellitus. We present a unique case of a 63-year-old woman with diabetes mellitus who underwent redo lung transplantation...
2018: Case Reports in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564283/bilateral-renal-aspergillosis-in-an-immunocompetent-host
#13
Sohini Das, Atul Ramchandra More, Ramya Iyadurai
Bilateral primary renal aspergillosis is rare in immunocompetent hosts. The clinical presentation of Aspergillus pyelonephritis is similar to that of bacterial pyelonephritis. Here, we present an immunocompetent patient with primary bilateral renal abscesses due to Aspergillus fumigatus .
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563802/a-rare-life-threatening-disease-unilateral-kidney-compressed-by-huge-chronic-spontaneous-retroperitoneal-hemorrhage
#14
Hao-Yuan Lu, Wei Wei, Qi-Wei Chen, Qing-Gui Meng, Gao-Hua Hu, Xian-Lin Yi, Xian-Zhong Bai
Objectives: To study an uncommon life-threatening disease, spontaneous retroperitoneal and perirenal hemorrhage. Case descriptions: A 69-year-old male presented with pain in the left waist and back of 1 month duration. The renal abscess was suspected by magnetic resonance imaging before operation. The perirenal hematoma was cleaned by operation. In another case, the patient had a functional solitary left kidney compressed by a huge retroperitoneal mass and uropenia appeared...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563349/bilateral-renal-abscessation-and-chronic-active-pyelonephritis-in-a-male-camel-camelus-dromedarius-caused-by-escherichia-coli
#15
Mohamed Tharwat, Madeh Sadan, El-Sayed El-Shafaey, El-Hassan Saeed, Abdullah Al-Hawas
This report summarizes the clinical, hematobiochemical, ultrasonographic, histopathological and bacteriological findings in a male Arabian camel (Camelus dromedarius) with bilateral renal abscessation and chronic active pyelonephritis. Owner complaint included a decreased appetite and loss of body condition with occasionally voiding red urine. In the right kidney, ultrasonographic changes included a hypoechoic fluid surrounding the renal parenchyma. Within the left kidney, a large volume of hypoechoic contents were imaged...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550956/imaging-non-vascular-complications-of-renal-transplantation
#16
Nancy Kim, Roxanna Juarez, Angela D Levy
In patients with end-stage renal disease, the treatment of choice for most patients is renal transplantation. Complications that occur after kidney transplant can be broadly divided into vascular and non-vascular categories. Non-vascular complications can further be divided into surgical and medical categories. When evaluating renal transplant imaging, it is helpful to consider the occurrence of complications in a timeline from time of surgery. Ultrasound is often the first modality used for evaluation of renal transplants particularly in the early postoperative period...
March 17, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546601/management-of-urinary-tract-fistulas-using-reversible-balloon-nephrostomy-a-single-center-retrospective-analysis-of-56-patients
#17
Jérôme Gas, François-Xavier Nouhaud, Mathieu Roumiguié, Séverine Lagarde, Marie-Charlotte Delchier, Éric Huyghe, Michel Soulié, Xavier Gamé, Jean-Baptiste Beauval
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of balloon nephrostomy (BN) for treating urinary tract fistulas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a single-center retrospective analysis, 56 patients were treated using BN between 2003 and 2014. All causes of urinary tract fistula were included. We assessed the effectiveness of drainage, complications, and the types of reconstruction surgery used. Success was defined as fistula closure without surgery. RESULTS: The cohort consisted of 25 males (54%) and 31 females (55%) with a median age of 63 years who underwent BN for a urinary fistula secondary to surgery, i...
March 15, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541493/necrotizing-fasciitis-of-thoracic-and-abdominal-wall-with-emphysematous-pyelonephritis-and-retroperitoneal-abscess
#18
Sanjay Mhalasakant Khaladkar, Kunaal Mahesh Jain, Rajesh Kuber, Sidappa Gandage
Emphysematous pyelonephritis is a life-threatening severe form of pyelonephritis usually occurring in patients with diabetes mellitus with or without obstructive uropathies in whom there is necrotizing infection leading to the gas production of an unclear mechanism involving the renal parenchyma and the collecting system. Necrotizing fasciitis is characterized by progressive necrosis of fat and fascia due to deep-seated infection of subcutaneous tissue. It has a fulminant course with considerable mortality...
2018: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517430/clinicopathologic-features-of-infection-with-novel-brucella-organisms-in-captive-waxy-tree-frogs-phyllomedusa-sauvagii-and-colorado-river-toads-incilius-alvarius
#19
Kelly E Helmick, Michael M Garner, Jack Rhyan, Daniel Bradway
Two novel and distinct Brucella strains were recovered from 5 of 10 adult, sex undetermined, captive waxy tree frogs ( Phyllomedusa sauvagii) and two of five adult, sex undetermined, captive Colorado river toads ( Incilius alvarius) held in a zoologic collection with clinical and pathologic findings of bacterial disease. These amphibians originated from three separate private breeding facilities over several years and exhibited disease 9-49 mo following release from quarantine. Common presenting signs were vague but included focal abscessation, weight loss, change in coloration, anorexia, and decreased perching...
March 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503075/antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-transarterial-chemoembolization-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#20
Mohamed Awad Mansour, Mohamed Omar Khalifa
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Transarterial chemoembolization remains a common treatment option in unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. However, protocols for pre- and post-procedure care and the role of antibiotic prophylaxis have not been evaluated. The aim of this work was to compare 3 different groups of prophylactic antibiotics in patients undergoing chemoembolization and to compare the efficacy of intravenous versus oral route. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 180 hepatocellular carcinoma patients undergoing transarterial chemoembolization were selected...
March 2018: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
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