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Julia H Drizin, Vanessa L Malcarne, Melody K Schiaffino, Kristen J Wells
Celebrities can have a powerful influence on people's health-related attitudes and behaviors, often by publicly disclosing their own personal health decisions. In May 2013, Angelina Jolie, an internationally recognized actress, director, and author, wrote an op-ed for the New York Times disclosing her decision to undergo a prophylactic double mastectomy to reduce her risk of breast cancer after learning that she carried the BRCA1 gene mutation. This cross-sectional study examined whether exposure to Angelina Jolie and her mastectomy disclosure and parasocial involvement (PSI) with Angelina Jolie were related to female college students' perceived risk of breast cancer and breast cancer screening intentions...
August 18, 2017: Health Communication
Camila Gianella
State and non-state actors engaged in disputes to expand and limit abortion rights have engaged in legal mobilization-in other words, strategies using rights and law as a central tool for advancing contested political goals. Peru, like other Latin American countries, has experienced an increase in abortion rights legal mobilization in recent years, including litigation before national and international courts. This paper centers on societal legal mobilization, or the legal mobilization that occurs outside the legislative and judicial branches and that includes strategies promoted by the executive branch, political actors, and non-partisan organizations and individuals...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
Raymond A Dionne
Recently proposed revisions to the American Dental Association's Guidelines for the Use of Sedation and General Anesthesia by Dentists, aimed at improving safety in dental offices, differentiate between levels of sedation based on drug-induced changes in physiologic and behavioral states. However, the author of this op-ed is concerned the proposed revisions may have far-reaching and unintended consequences.
September 2016: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
Martí Domínguez, Íngrid Lafita, Anna Mateu
In this article, we study the evolution of opinion genres regarding climate change in three Spanish newspapers ( El País, El Mundo, and ABC). Analyzing the op-ed articles in these newspapers, we observe a significant change in the evolution of opinion. While denialism was very present in conservative press in 2007, 7 years later it is almost absent from El Mundo, and its presence in ABC is much lower and inactive: this shows that scientific consensus has prevailed over time and Spanish denialism has weakened, exclusively supported by political arguments by the most conservative parties...
October 2017: Public Understanding of Science
Jae-Hong Lee, Jung-Seok Lee, Jin-Young Park, Jung-Kyu Choi, Dong-Wook Kim, Young-Taek Kim, Seong-Ho Choi
The aim of this study was to determine the association of periodontitis with lifestyle-related comorbidities (LCs) using data in the Korean National Health Insurance Cohort Database from 2002 to 2013. This was a retrospective study involving a large national cohort with patient samples (representing 2% of the total Korean population) stratified on the basis of sociodemographic information. Using this precisely extracted database, the correlations between LCs (cerebral infarction, angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, rheumatoid arthritis, erectile dysfunction, osteoporosis, and obesity) and periodontitis were investigated while adjusting for confounding bias...
September 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
Vivian Isaac, Craig S McLachlan, Bernhard T Baune, Chun-Ta Huang, Chia-Yi Wu
Our aim was to investigate the association between self-rated health (SRH) and use of hospital services (ie, medical outpatient department, emergency department, and general ward. admissions). Cross-sectional study data were collected from 230 consecutive patients admitted to medical departments of a 2000-bed academic medical center in Taiwan using standardized operating procedures for data collection of SRH (ie, a single-item question inquiring overall perceived health status), medical disorders, depressive symptoms, and combined service utilization over a 1-year period (ie, number of visits to outpatient department, number of visits to emergency department, and number of hospitalizations)...
September 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
Geraldine L Nanninga, Kevin de Leur, Anne Loes van den Boom, Mark R de Vries, Tessa M van Ginhoven
INTRODUCTION: A stable, mobile and sensate fingertip is of paramount importance to perform daily tasks and sense dangerous situations. Unfortunately, fingertips are easily injured with various extents of soft tissue damage. Delayed and inadequate treatment of nail bed injuries may cause substantial clinical problems. The aim is to increase awareness about nail bed injuries among physicians who often treat these patients. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present a 26-year-old male with blunt trauma to a distal phalanx...
2015: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Soo Hoon Lee, Kyuseok Kim, Hooyoung Kim, Jin Hee Jeong, Changwoo Kang, Joong Eui Rhee, Young Im Byeon, Yeon Sook Im, Chanjong Park, Joonghee Kim, Seung Sik Hwang
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study is to develop new multifaceted interventions to reduce return visits (RVs) based on identified risk factors related to RVs in the ED and to compare the RV rate before and after the implementation of the intervention. METHODS: The present study was a controlled before and after study that was conducted in the ED of a 900-bed tertiary hospital in an urban area. The primary outcome was the rate of unplanned RVs to the ED and hospital admission after RV...
October 2015: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
M Tian, X Gong, S Rath, J Wei, L L Yan, S E Lamb, R I Lindley, C Sherrington, K Willett, R Norton
UNLABELLED: Despite the high burden of hip fracture in China, there is limited information on its management. This study investigated the management of hip fractures in a Beijing tertiary hospital and compared practice with that in 180 hospitals in the UK. The findings show a significant gap exists between the countries. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine if the management of older people with hip fractures in a Beijing tertiary hospital is comparable with the UK best practice guidelines for hip fracture management and the UK National Hip Fracture Database 2012, obtained from 180 hospitals...
February 2016: Osteoporosis International
Xiao-Dong Hao, Jun Chang, Bo-Yin Qin, Chen Zhong, Zhi-Bo Chu, Jin Huang, Wen-Jiang Zhou, Xun Sun
Three series of resveratrol oligomer derivatives were synthesized, including the indenone-type, indene-type and octahydropentalene-type derivatives, among which ten derivatives were novel compounds. Compounds 2, 14f, and 4d were confirmed as ERβ agonists by yeast two-hybrid assay, and compound 2 (isopaucifloral F) was further chosen to evaluate its anti-osteoporosis activity in vivo. Compared with the sham-operated and the positive control groups, isopaucifloral F (10 μg/kg) showed a notable anti-osteoporosis effect in the ovariectomized (OVX) female rats based on a micro-CT analysis and the following measurements: bone mineral density, bone volume/tissue volume, trabecular thickness, trabecular separation/spacing, and the serum biochemical parameters...
September 18, 2015: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Allen D Seftel, Martin Kathrins, Craig Niederberger
"Testosterone Therapy in Men With Androgen Deficiency Syndromes: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline" (Guidelines), published in 2010, serves as an important guide for the treatment of hypogonadal men. Using the Guidelines as a basis, we searched for the most recent level 1 evidence that continues to support the recommendations or provide an impetus to modify all or some of them. We performed a systematic analysis with a PubMed query from January 1, 2010, through March 2, 2015, using the following key words: testosterone/deficiency, testosterone/therapeutic use, cardiovascular, morbidity, mortality, screening, sexual function, lower urinary tract symptoms, obstructive sleep apnea, prostate cancer, fertility, bone mineral density, osteoporosis, quality of life, cognitive, erectile dysfunction, and adverse effects...
August 2015: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Chia-Hung Chao, Yu-Feng Su, Hon-Man Chan, Shiuh-Lin Huang, Chih-Lung Lin, Aij-Lie Kwan, Yun-Ting Lou, Chao-Wen Chen
OBJECTIVES: Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool for Asians (OSTA) has been proved to be a simple and effective tool for recognizing osteoporosis risk. Our previous study has demonstrated that the preoperative OSTA index was a good prognostic predictor for stage II and III colon cancer patients after surgery. We aim to evaluate the value of OSTA index in prognostication of isolated traumatic brain injury with moderate severity (GCS 9-13). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients visiting Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital emergency department due to isolated moderate traumatic brain injury from Jan...
2015: PloS One
Dariusz Nowak, Artur Jasionowski
BACKGROUND: Energy drinks (EDs) are extremely popular among adults and adolescents. Regular intake of EDs may lead to an overdose of caffeine, loss of bone mass, overweight, hypertension and, in older age, osteoporosis and cardiovascular diseases. Some people mix EDs with alcohol, which adversely affects their health. The objective of this study was to analyze the consumption of EDs by adolescents. METHODS: The study consisted of a questionnaire surveying amounts of drinks, preferences and product awareness among younger consumers...
July 2015: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Stefano Lello, Roberto Sorge, Nicola Surico
Osteoporosis (OP) and related fractures are well-known severe conditions affecting quality of life and life expectancy of postmenopausal women, with high economic costs in Europe. On behalf of The Italian Society of Gynecology and Obstetrics (Società Italiana di Ginecologia ed Ostetricia, SIGO), the Osteoporosis's Menopausal Epidemiological Risk Observation (O.M.E.R.O.) study, a national multicenter study on clinical risk factors of OP was organized, using FRAX® tool as a reference. Here, data from this study are presented, showing an important portion of Italian postmenopausal women affected by osteopenia/OP at high risk of fracture and the need to do prevention and/or treatment...
2015: Gynecological Endocrinology
Nicole C Wright, Jeffrey R Curtis, Tarun Arora, Wilson K Smith, Meredith L Kilgore, Kenneth G Saag, Monika M Safford, Elizabeth S Delzell
Validation of claims-based algorithms to identify serious hypersensitivity reactions and osteonecrosis of the jaw has not been performed in large osteoporosis populations. The objective of this project is to estimate the positive predictive value of the claims-based algorithms in older women with osteoporosis enrolled in Medicare. Using the 2006-2008 Medicare 5% sample data, we identified potential hypersensitivity and osteonecrosis of the jaw cases based on ICD-9 diagnosis codes. Potential hypersensitivity cases had a 995...
2015: PloS One
Yusuke Yamasaki, Keita Nagira, Mari Osaki, Hideki Nagashima, Hiroshi Hagino
BACKGROUND: Mechanical loading of bones activates modeling and suppresses remodeling by promoting bone formation. Eldecalcitol is approved for the treatment of osteoporosis in Japan and is often used in patients undergoing exercise therapy. However, the effects of eldecalcitol on bone formation during mechanical loading are unknown. The aim of this study was to clarify the influence of eldecalcitol administration on bone response to mechanical loading using a four-point bending device...
2015: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
R Coskun, K Gundogan, G C Sezgin, U S Topaloglu, G Hebbar, M Guven, M Sungur
BACKGROUND: Organophosphate (OP) compounds are used as insecticides. Given the widespread availability and use of these chemicals, OP poisoning is quite common following either accidental or intentional exposures. Immediate intensive care management can save lives in these patients. We aimed to investigate intensive care management provided to OP poisoning patients in a tertiary care hospital in Turkey. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of 62 patients, admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) with OP poisoning between 2000 and 2012...
September 2015: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Mi Young Kim, Seung Do Choi, Aeli Ryu
Vasomotor symptoms start about 2 years prior to menopause in women who are approaching menopause, and early menopause symptoms appear including emotional disturbance and anxiety, followed by physical changes such as vaginal dryness, urinary incontinence and skin wrinkles. As time progresses, osteoporosis, cardiovascular diseases, and dementia occur consecutively. Hormone therapy is primarily considered for the relief of menopause symptoms in postmenopausal women. However, as hormone replacement has emerged as a therapy that increases the potential risk of thrombosis, cerebral infarction and breast cancer, complementary and alternative medicine has drawn much attention...
April 2015: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
Kaori Yasuda, Yuasa Iwanaga, Kazuaki Ogawa, Hiroki Mano, Sera Ueno, Shutaro Kimoto, Miho Ohta, Masaki Kamakura, Shinichi Ikushiro, Toshiyuki Sakaki
The metabolism of eldecalcitol (ED-71), a 2β-hydroxypropoxylated analog of the active form of vitamin D3 was investigated by using in vitro systems. ED-71 was metabolized to 1α,2β,25-trihydroxyvitamin D3 (1α,2β,25(OH)3D3) in human small intestine and liver microsomes. To identify the enzymes involved in this metabolism, we examined NADPH-dependent metabolism by recombinant P450 isoforms belonging to the CYP1, 2, and 3 families, and revealed that CYP3A4 had the activity. However, the CYP3A4 -specific inhibitor, ketoconazole, decreased the activity in human liver microsomes by only 36%, suggesting that other enzymes could be involved in ED-71 metabolism...
March 2015: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
Feon W Cheng, Shannon M Monnat, Barbara Lohse
BACKGROUND: NEEDs for Bones (NFB), based on the Health Belief Model, is a 4-lesson osteoporosis-prevention curriculum for 11- to 14-year-olds. This study examined the relationship between enjoyment of food tastings and interest in NFB. METHODS: NFB was administered by teachers as part of standard practice and evaluated after the fourth lesson using a 21-item survey. Significant clustering of students within classrooms required use of random-intercept multilevel ordinal regression models in SAS proc GLIMMIX, with students nested within classrooms...
July 2015: Journal of School Health
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