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retinal angiomatous proliferation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210186/bilateral-retinitis-pigmentosa-with-unilateral-choroidal-nevus-a-hitherto-unreported-association
#1
Rupak Roy, Kumar Saurabh, Debmalya Das, Preeti Sharma, Avirupa Ghose, Dhileesh P Chandrasekharan
Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP) has been reported to be associated with retinal hemangioma, retinal angiomatous proliferation, polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy and vasoproliferative tumours. However there is no previous report of choroidal nevus in an eye with RP. We describe such a case in which the eye with RP had a choroidal nevus at the macula. The coexistence of these two entities in the same eye emphasizes the need of careful examination of patients with RP. The presence of choroidal nevus warrants additional investigations such as B scan ultrasonography and a close follow-up to pick up changes in the nevus size and morphology...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199833/fgf21-administration-suppresses-retinal-and-choroidal-neovascularization-in-mice
#2
Zhongjie Fu, Yan Gong, Raffael Liegl, Zhongxiao Wang, Chi-Hsiu Liu, Steven S Meng, Samuel B Burnim, Nicholas J Saba, Thomas W Fredrick, Peyton C Morss, Ann Hellstrom, Saswata Talukdar, Lois E H Smith
Pathological neovascularization, a leading cause of blindness, is seen in retinopathy of prematurity, diabetic retinopathy, and age-related macular degeneration. Using a mouse model of hypoxia-driven retinal neovascularization, we find that fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) administration suppresses, and FGF21 deficiency worsens, retinal neovessel growth. The protective effect of FGF21 against neovessel growth was abolished in adiponectin (APN)-deficient mice. FGF21 administration also decreased neovascular lesions in two models of neovascular age-related macular degeneration: very-low-density lipoprotein-receptor-deficient mice with retinal angiomatous proliferation and laser-induced choroidal neovascularization...
February 14, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196060/angiographic-subtypes-of-polypoidal-choroidal-vasculopathy-in-taiwan-a-prospective-multicenter-study
#3
Ling Yeung, Chien-Neng Kuo, An-Ning Chao, Kuan-Jen Chen, Wei-Chi Wu, Chien-Hsiung Lai, Nan-Kai Wang, Yih-Shiou Hwang, Ching-Lung Chen, Chi-Chun Lai
PURPOSE: To determine the incidence and clinical characteristics of angiographic subtypes of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV). METHODS: It is a prospective, multicenter, cross-sectional study. Patients with newly diagnosed exudative macular degeneration are classified into PCV, age-related macular degeneration (AMD), and retinal angiomatous proliferation. Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy is further classified into two subtypes depending on the presence (Type 1: polypoidal choroidal neovascularization) or absence (Type 2: typical PCV) of feeder vessels on indocyanine green angiography...
February 10, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114175/risk-factors-and-clinical-significance-of-prechoroidal-cleft-in-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration
#4
Jong Min Kim, Se Woong Kang, Dae Yong Son, Kunho Bae
PURPOSE: To investigate the risk factors associated with prechoroidal cleft occurrence after treatment for neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) and to elucidate its clinical significance. METHODS: Two hundred thirty-four subjects who were treated for neovascular age-related macular degeneration were assessed to identify prechoroidal cleft on optical coherence tomography. Clinical variables were compared between patients manifesting a cleft (cleft group) and patients who did not (control group)...
January 19, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079023/incidence-and-growth-of-geographic-atrophy-during-5-years-of-comparison-of-age-related-macular-degeneration-treatments-trials
#5
Juan E Grunwald, Maxwell Pistilli, Ebenezer Daniel, Gui-Shuang Ying, Wei Pan, Glenn J Jaffe, Cynthia A Toth, Stephanie A Hagstrom, Maureen G Maguire, Daniel F Martin
PURPOSE: To estimate the incidence, size, and growth rate of geographic atrophy (GA) during 5 years of follow-up among participants in the Comparison of Age-Related Macular Degeneration Treatments Trials (CATT). DESIGN: Cohort within a clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included in CATT. METHODS: A total of 1185 CATT participants were randomly assigned to ranibizumab or bevacizumab treatment and to 3 treatment regimens...
January 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048946/intravitreal-anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-drugs-for-retinal-angiomatous-proliferation-in-real-life-practice
#6
Maurizio Battaglia Parodi, Simone Donati, Francesco Semeraro, Paola Danzi, Ugo Introini, Francesco Viola, Ferdinando Bottoni, Vincenzo Pucci, Andrea Musig, Alfredo Pece, Claudio Azzolini
PURPOSE: To describe the outcomes of intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the treatment of retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP) in real-life practice in 7 Italian centers under the Progetto Luce initiative. METHODS: Clinical data of 95 eyes of 95 patients affected by RAP, regularly followed up and treated with either intravitreal ranibizumab or bevacizumab over 12 months, were examined. After a loading phase of 3 consecutive injections, retreatments were administered following a pro-re-nata regimen on the basis of the persistence or the recurrence of subretinal/intraretinal fluid on optical coherence tomography, or leakage on fluorescein angiography...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008222/evaluation-of-peripheral-fundus-autofluorescence-in-eyes-with-wet-age-related-macular-degeneration
#7
Tetsuyuki Suetsugu, Aki Kato, Munenori Yoshida, Tsutomu Yasukawa, Akiko Nishiwaki, Norio Hasegawa, Hideaki Usui, Yuichiro Ogura
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of abnormal peripheral fundus autofluorescence (FAF) in wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) using wide-field imaging instrument. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective, case-controlled study involving 66 eyes of 46 Japanese wet AMD patients and 32 eyes of 20 control patients was performed. Wide-field FAF images were obtained for typical AMD (37 eyes/28 patients), polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) (22 eyes/20 patients), and retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP) (seven eyes/four patients)...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005184/association-of-arms2-loc387715-a69s-cfh-y402h-and-cfh-i62v-polymorphisms-with-retinal-angiomatous-proliferation-compared-with-typical-age-related-macular-degeneration-a-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Mohammad Hossein Jabbarpoor Bonyadi, Mehdi Yaseri, Mortaza Bonyadi, Masoud Soheilian
PURPOSE: To compare the published results of studies on the genotype association of ARMS2/LOC387715 A69S, CFH Y402H, and CFH I62V in cases diagnosed as retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP) versus neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) or healthy controls. METHODS: Heterogeneity of studies was evaluated using Cochran's Q test and I-square index. To modify the heterogeneity in the variables, we used random effects model. Meta-analysis was performed using STATA...
December 22, 2016: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997921/one-year-outcomes-of-the-treat-and-extend-approach-with-aflibercept-in-age-related-macular-degeneration-effects-on-typical-choroidal-neovascularization-and-retinal-angiomatous-proliferation
#9
Verónica Castro-Navarro, Enrique Cervera-Taulet, Javier Montero-Hernández, Catalina Navarro-Palop
OBJECTIVE: To investigate functional/morphological outcomes of the treat-and-extend regimen (TER) with aflibercept in typical choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP) secondary to exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 37 eyes treated with 2 mg aflibercept according to a TER protocol. Examinations included best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), numbers of injections, and visits needed...
2016: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870798/retinal-angiomatous-proliferation-diagnosis-a-multiimaging-approach
#10
Vittoria Ravera, Ferdinando Bottoni, Andrea Giani, Mario Cigada, Giovanni Staurenghi
PURPOSE: To identify signs occurring more frequently in retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP) lesions compared with other types of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in age-related macular degeneration. METHODS: In this cross-sectional retrospective study, 30 patients were evaluated. These signs were correlated with the type of CNV: shunting of blood flow to the lesion by fluorescein angiography, late leakage by indocyanine green angiography, intraretinal cysts and retinal pigmented epithelium interruption along the retinal pigmented epithelium detachment with a hyperreflective oval area by spectral domain optical coherence tomography, and presence of reticular pseudodrusen by infrared light...
December 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816486/treat-and-extend-approach-with-aflibercept-effects-on-different-subtypes-of-age-related-choroidal-neovascularisation
#11
V Castro-Navarro, E Cervera-Taulet, J Montero-Hernández, C Navarro-Palop
OBJECTIVE: To describe functional/morphological outcomes of treat-and-extend (TAE) with aflibercept in different subtypes of neovascularizations (CNV) secondary to exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: Retrospective study was conducted on 30 eyes of 30 patients treated with 2 mg-aflibercept according to a TAE protocol. Examinations included best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), number of injections, and visits needed. A quantitative/qualitative analysis was also performed with fluorescein angiography and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) at baseline, and at 3, 6, and 12 months...
November 2, 2016: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787444/recurrence-in-patients-with-type-3-neovascularization-retinal-angiomatous-proliferation-after-intravitreal-ranibizumab
#12
Jae Hui Kim, Young Suk Chang, Jong Woo Kim, Chul Gu Kim, Dong Won Lee
PURPOSE: To evaluate the incidence, timing, and characteristics of recurrence in patients with Type 3 neovascularization who were initially treated with ranibizumab. METHODS: This retrospective study included 42 patients (42 eyes) who were diagnosed with Type 3 neovascularization and treated with 3 monthly injections of ranibizumab. The 12-month follow-up data of these patients were analyzed. The time of recurrence after the initial treatment was recorded. In eyes with recurrence, the association of the duration until the first recurrence and the incidence of multiple recurrences was analyzed...
October 26, 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743113/-intravitreal-ranibizumab-for-the-treatment-of-retinal-angiomatous-proliferation
#13
J Maaß, D Sandner, E Matthé
BACKGROUND: Retinal angiomatous proliferations (RAP) are a subgroup of exsudative or "wet" age-related macular degeneration (wAMD) with devastating reduction of visual acuity in later stages. Intravitreal ranibizumab provides good therapy, but is considered to be less effective than in other choroidal neovascularizations (CNV). OBJECTIVE: We investigated the efficacy of ranibizumab in late-stage III RAP with retinochoroidal anastomosis compared to the outcome of other CNV lesions...
October 14, 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711217/multi-functional-oct-enables-longitudinal-study-of-retinal-changes-in-a-vldlr-knockout-mouse-model
#14
Marco Augustin, Stanislava Fialová, Tanja Himmel, Martin Glösmann, Theresia Lengheimer, Danielle J Harper, Roberto Plasenzotti, Michael Pircher, Christoph K Hitzenberger, Bernhard Baumann
We present a multi-functional optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging approach to study retinal changes in the very-low-density-lipoprotein-receptor (VLDLR) knockout mouse model with a threefold contrast. In the retinas of VLDLR knockout mice spontaneous retinal-chorodoidal neovascularizations form, having an appearance similar to choroidal and retinal neovascularizations (CNV and RNV) in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) or retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP). For this longitudinal study, the mice were imaged every 4 to 6 weeks starting with an age of 4 weeks and following up to the age of 11 months...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702940/low-frequency-coding-variants-in-cetp-and-cfb-are-associated-with-susceptibility-of-exudative-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-the-japanese-population
#15
Yukihide Momozawa, Masato Akiyama, Yoichiro Kamatani, Satoshi Arakawa, Miho Yasuda, Shigeo Yoshida, Yuji Oshima, Ryusaburo Mori, Koji Tanaka, Keisuke Mori, Satoshi Inoue, Hiroko Terasaki, Tetsuhiro Yasuma, Shigeru Honda, Akiko Miki, Maiko Inoue, Kimihiko Fujisawa, Kanji Takahashi, Tsutomu Yasukawa, Yasuo Yanagi, Kazuaki Kadonosono, Koh-Hei Sonoda, Tatsuro Ishibashi, Atsushi Takahashi, Michiaki Kubo
AMD is a major cause of blindness in the elderly. Previous sequencing studies of AMD susceptibility genes have revealed the association of rare coding variants in CFH, CFI, C3 and C9 in European population; however, the impact of rare or low-frequency coding variants on AMD susceptibility in other populations is largely unknown. To identify the role of low-frequency coding variants on exudative AMD susceptibility in a Japanese population, we analyzed the association of coding variants of 34 AMD candidate genes in the two-stage design by a multiplex PCR-based target sequencing method...
October 3, 2016: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378456/implications-of-the-anatomical-classification-of-the-neovascular-form-of-age-related-macular-degeneration
#16
R Gallego-Pinazo, L Monje-Fernández, N García-Marín, M Andreu-Fenoll, R Dolz-Marco
OBJECTIVE: To present the clinical relevance of the anatomical classification of the neovascular form of Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD). METHODS: Critical analysis of the current situation in the management of patients with neovascular AMD, by reviewing the available scientific evidence with regards to the classification of the types of neovascular lesion by angiography and optical coherence tomography (OCT). RESULTS: The classification of the neovascular lesion type secondary to AMD by OCT in type 1 lesions (under the pigment epithelium), type 2 (subretinal), and type 3 (retinal angiomatous proliferation), provides an added value in allowing to establish a long-term visual prognosis, an estimate of the number of treatments that a certain case may require, and a stratification of the risk for secondary geographic atrophy...
July 1, 2016: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27336229/treat-and-extend-regimen-with-aflibercept-for-retinal-angiomatous-proliferation
#17
Hidetaka Matsumoto, Taku Sato, Masahiro Morimoto, Ryo Mukai, Maki Takahashi, Takashi Hiroe, Kensuke Ehara, Mayuko Takayama, Kensuke Mimura, Shoji Kishi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of aflibercept therapy using a treat-and-extend regimen on treatment-naïve retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP) and development of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) atrophy. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 17 treated eyes with RAP and 13 untreated fellow eyes. We assessed best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in logarithm of the minimal angle of resolution (logMAR) units and recorded the total number of injections for 12 months...
December 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274190/ranibizumab-in-monotherapy-and-combined-with-photodynamic-therapy-for-retinal-angiomatous-proliferation
#18
Luis Arias, Francisco Gómez-Ulla, José M Ruiz-Moreno
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of intravitreal ranibizumab in monotherapy (group A) and combined with photodynamic therapy (PDT) with verteporfin (group B) in retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP) treatment. METHODS: This was a multicentric, prospective, randomized clinical study conducted with parallel groups. The study eye in both groups received ranibizumab on days 1, 30, and 60 (loading dose); group B received PDT additionally on day 1. Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) visual acuity (VA) testing and optical coherence tomography were performed monthly, and fluorescein angiography and indocyanine green angiography were performed quarterly...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27164756/-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-the-japanese
#19
Nagahisa Yoshimura
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in the Japanese often shows different clinical features from those described in Caucasians. For example, we often observe choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in elderly patients without drusen in the fundus. The high incidence of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) in AMD among Japanese is well-known. The reason why such differences occur in clinical manifestations of AMD has been one of my main interests. In this review article, I will discuss the characteristics of AMD in the Japanese population, as found in our recent study...
March 2016: Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27142805/everest-study-report-3-diagnostic-challenges-of-polypoidal-choroidal-vasculopathy-lessons-learnt-from-screening-failures-in-the-everest-study
#20
Colin S Tan, Wei Kiong Ngo, Louis W Lim, Nikolle W Tan, Tock H Lim
PURPOSE: To describe screening failures in the EVEREST study by examining the imaging characteristics that enabled differentiation of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) from cases that were subsequently diagnosed not to be PCV. METHODS: Post-hoc analysis of 34 patients with PCV reported as screening failures from EVEREST study. Standardised confocal scanning laser indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) images were graded by the Central Reading Centre to confirm PCV diagnosis based on the presence of early focal sub-retinal hyperfluorescence on ICGA and at least one of the following six diagnostic criteria: (1) nodular appearance of polyp(s) on stereoscopic examination, (2) hypofluorescent halo around nodule(s), (3) presence of a branching vascular network, (4) pulsation of polyp(s) on dynamic ICGA, (5) orange sub-retinal nodules on colour fundus photography, or (6) massive sub-macular haemorrhage (≥4 disc areas in size)...
October 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
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