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Parkinson's fmri

Yanbing Hou, Chunyan Luo, Jing Yang, Wei Song, Ruwei Ou, Wanglin Liu, Qiyong Gong, Huifang Shang
OBJECTIVE: Drooling is a common symptom in Parkinson's disease (PD). This study used resting-state functional MRI (fMRI) to evaluate the brain connectivity of cortico-striatal circuits in PD patients with drooling. METHOD: We enrolled 30 early-stage drug-naïve PD patients and 30 matched normal controls. Among the PD patients, 15 patients were classified as "droolers" with the presence of drooling and 15 patients as "non-droolers" with the absence of drooling. All participants underwent resting-state fMRI scans on a 3-T MR system, focusing on the functional connectivity of striatum subregions...
October 4, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
Timothy Rittman, Mikail Rubinov, Petra E Vértes, Ameera X Patel, Cedric E Ginestet, Boyd C P Ghosh, Roger A Barker, Maria Grazia Spillantini, Edward T Bullmore, James B Rowe
Abnormalities of tau protein are central to the pathogenesis of progressive supranuclear palsy, whereas haplotype variation of the tau gene MAPT influences the risk of Parkinson disease and Parkinson's disease dementia. We assessed whether regional MAPT expression might be associated with selective vulnerability of global brain networks to neurodegenerative pathology. Using task-free functional magnetic resonance imaging in progressive supranuclear palsy, Parkinson disease, and healthy subjects (n = 128), we examined functional brain networks and measured the connection strength between 471 gray matter regions...
September 9, 2016: Neurobiology of Aging
C Duchesne, F Gheysen, A Bore, G Albouy, A Nadeau, M E Robillard, F Bobeuf, A L Lafontaine, O Lungu, L Bherer, J Doyon
BACKGROUND: Aerobic exercise training (AET) has been shown to provide general health benefits, and to improve motor behaviours in particular, in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the influence of AET on their motor learning capacities, as well as the change in neural substrates mediating this effect remains to be explored. OBJECTIVE: In the current study, we employed functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) to assess the effect of a 3-month AET program on the neural correlates of implicit motor sequence learning (MSL)...
2016: NeuroImage: Clinical
Olaia Lucas-Jiménez, Natalia Ojeda, Javier Peña, María Díez-Cirarda, Alberto Cabrera-Zubizarreta, Juan Carlos Gómez-Esteban, María Ángeles Gómez-Beldarrain, Naroa Ibarretxe-Bilbao
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether functional neural connectivity is disrupted between the regions of the default mode network (DMN) in Parkinson's disease (PD) and how this connectivity is related to cognition, brain gray matter structure and white matter integrity and diffusivity. METHODS: Thirty-seven PD patients and 16 healthy controls were evaluated, using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), T1-weighted MRI, diffusion-weighted imaging and a battery of cognitive tests...
September 10, 2016: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
Wanqun Yang, Bin Liu, Biao Huang, Ruiwang Huang, Lijuan Wang, Yuhu Zhang, Xiong Zhang, Kai Wu
BACKGROUND: Despite improvement in motor symptoms, the effect of dopaminergic medications on cognition in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) is less clear. The purpose of this study was to reveal levodopa-induced acute changes in the functional connectivity of the striatum in patients with PD compared with matched untreated patients and healthy volunteers. METHODS: Twenty-two patients with PD underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging both ON and OFF dopamine-replacement therapy on two consecutive days...
2016: PloS One
J Lemos, D Pereira, L Almendra, D Rebelo, M Patrício, J Castelhano, G Cunha, C Januário, L Cunha, A Freire, M Castelo-Branco
Saccadic behaviour ranges from reflexive (e.g., prosaccade) to goal oriented voluntary movements (e.g., antisaccade). Behavioural asymmetries between vertical and horizontal saccades have been described both in normal individuals (greater delay of vertical prosaccades) and in disease states such as Parkinson's disease (PD) (prosaccades are short and antisaccades are delayed, especially in the vertical plane, possibly due to a frontostriatal deficit). Importantly, the cortical mechanisms for the generation of vertical saccades are largely unknown, both in health and disease, when compared with their horizontal counterpart...
October 1, 2016: Brain Research
Peipeng Liang, Gopikrishna Deshpande, Sinan Zhao, Jiangtao Liu, Xiaoping Hu, Kuncheng Li
Depression is common in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), which can make all the other symptoms of PD much worse. It is thus urgent to differentiate depressed PD (DPD) patients from non-depressed PD (NDPD).The purpose of the present study was to characterize alterations in directional brain connectivity unique to Parkinson's disease with depression, using resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI).Sixteen DPD patients, 20 NDPD patients, 17 patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and 21 healthy control subjects (normal controls [NC]) underwent structural MRI and rs-fMRI scanning...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ke Sheng, Weidong Fang, Yingcheng Zhu, Guangying Shuai, Dezhi Zou, Meilan Su, Yu Han, Oumei Cheng
UNLABELLED: HIGHLIGHTS Eighteen EOPD, 21 LOPD and 37 age-matched normal control subjects participated in the resting state fMRI scans.Age at onset of PD modulates the distribution of cerebral regional homogeneity during resting state.Disproportionate putamen alterations are more prominent in PD patients with a younger age of onset. OBJECTIVE: Early-onset Parkinson's disease (EOPD) is distinct from late-onset PD (LOPD) as it relates to the clinical profile and response to medication...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Ben Brönnimann, Michael L Meier, Mei-Yin Hou, Charles Parkinson, Dominik A Ettlin
The advent of neuroimaging in dental research provides exciting opportunities for relating excitation of trigeminal neurons to human somatosensory perceptions. Cold air sensitivity is one of the most frequent causes of dental discomfort or pain. Up to date, devices capable of delivering controlled cold air in an MR-environment are unavailable for quantitative sensory testing. This study therefore aimed at constructing and evaluating a novel MR-compatible, computer-controlled cold air stimulation apparatus (CASA) that produces graded air puffs...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
A Jon Stoessl, Martin J Mckeown
Movement disorders can be hypokinetic (e.g., parkinsonism), hyperkinetic, or dystonic in nature and commonly arise from altered function in nuclei of the basal ganglia or their connections. As obvious structural changes are often limited, standard imaging plays less of a role than in other neurologic disorders. However, structural imaging is indicated where clinical presentation is atypical, particularly if the disorder is abrupt in onset or remains strictly unilateral. More recent advances in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may allow for differentiation between Parkinson's disease and atypical forms of parkinsonism...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Roxana G Burciu, Jae Woo Chung, Priyank Shukla, Edward Ofori, Hong Li, Nikolaus R McFarland, Michael S Okun, David E Vaillancourt
OBJECTIVE: To explore longitudinal changes in brain activity in patients with Parkinson disease (PD), multiple system atrophy (MSA), and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) using task-based functional MRI (fMRI). METHODS: A total of 112 individuals were scanned 1 year apart while performing a unimanual grip force task: 46 PD, 13 MSA, 19 PSP, and 34 healthy controls. The outcome measure was percent signal change in prespecified regions of interest: putamen, primary motor cortex (M1), supplementary motor area (SMA), and superior motor regions of the cerebellum (lobules V-VI)...
August 16, 2016: Neurology
V Dunet, J Deverdun, C Charroud, E Le Bars, F Molino, S Menjot de Champfleur, F Maury, M Charif, X Ayrignac, P Labauge, G Castelnovo, F Pinna, A Bonafe, C Geny, N Menjot de Champfleur
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patients with vascular parkinsonism have higher cognitive decline and more basal ganglia lesions. We aimed to evaluate the relationship of cognitive impairment with functional connectivity between the basal ganglia and cingulate cortex in vascular parkinsonism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty patients (8 with vascular parkinsonism and 22 with Parkinson disease) and 23 controls were enrolled. The Mattis Dementia Rating Scale and the Stroop Task were used to assess cognitive decline...
July 14, 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
Noa Bregman, Avner Thaler, Anat Mirelman, Rick C Helmich, Tanya Gurevich, Avi Orr-Urtreger, Karen Marder, Susan Bressman, Bastiaan R Bloem, Nir Giladi
Mutations in the GBA and LRRK2 genes account for one-third of the prevalence of Parkinson's disease (PD) in Ashkenazi Jews. Non-manifesting carriers (NMC) of these mutations represent a population at risk for future development of PD. PD patient who carry mutations in the GBA gene demonstrates more significant cognitive decline compared to idiopathic PD patients. We assessed cognitive domains using fMRI among NMC of both LRRK2 and GBA mutations to better understand pre-motor cognitive functions in these populations...
July 11, 2016: Brain Structure & Function
S Badoud, S Borgognon, J Cottet, P Chatagny, V Moret, M Fregosi, M Kaeser, E Fortis, E Schmidlin, J Bloch, J F Brunet, E M Rouiller
In the context of an autologous adult neural cell ecosystem (ANCE) transplantation study, four intact adult female macaque monkeys underwent a unilateral biopsy of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) to provide the cellular material needed to obtain the ANCE. Monkeys were previously trained to perform quantitative motor (manual dexterity) tasks, namely, the "modified-Brinkman board" task and the "reach and grasp drawer" task. The aim of the present study was to extend preliminary data on the role of the prefrontal cortex in motor habit and test the hypothesis that dlPFC contributes to predict the grip force required when a precise level of force to be generated is known beforehand...
July 9, 2016: Brain Structure & Function
Leena Subramanian, Monica Busse Morris, Meadhbh Brosnan, Duncan L Turner, Huw R Morris, David E J Linden
OBJECTIVE: Real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (rt-fMRI) neurofeedback (NF) uses feedback of the patient's own brain activity to self-regulate brain networks which in turn could lead to a change in behavior and clinical symptoms. The objective was to determine the effect of NF and motor training (MOT) alone on motor and non-motor functions in Parkinson's Disease (PD) in a 10-week small Phase I randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Thirty patients with Parkinson's disease (PD; Hoehn and Yahr I-III) and no significant comorbidity took part in the trial with random allocation to two groups...
2016: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
Margaret K Y Mak, Vinci Cheung, Shuangye Ma, Zhong L Lu, Defeng Wang, Wutao Lou, Lin Shi, Vincent C T Mok, Winnie C W Chu, Mark Hallett
BACKGROUND: Previous studies employed demanding and complex hand tasks to study the brain activation in people with Parkinson's Disease (PD). There is inconsistent finding about the cerebellar activity during movement execution of this patient population. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the brain activation patterns of PD individuals in the on-state and healthy control subjects in a simple finger tapping task. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients with PD and 22 age-matched healthy subjects were recruited for the study...
June 28, 2016: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
Charlotte L Rae, Cristina Nombela, Patricia Vázquez Rodríguez, Zheng Ye, Laura E Hughes, P Simon Jones, Timothy Ham, Timothy Rittman, Ian Coyle-Gilchrist, Ralf Regenthal, Barbara J Sahakian, Roger A Barker, Trevor W Robbins, James B Rowe
Parkinson's disease impairs the inhibition of responses, and whilst impulsivity is mild for some patients, severe impulse control disorders affect ∼10% of cases. Based on preclinical models we proposed that noradrenergic denervation contributes to the impairment of response inhibition, via changes in the prefrontal cortex and its subcortical connections. Previous work in Parkinson's disease found that the selective noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor atomoxetine could improve response inhibition, gambling decisions and reflection impulsivity...
August 2016: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
William S Gibson, Hang Joon Jo, Paola Testini, Shinho Cho, Joel P Felmlee, Kirk M Welker, Bryan T Klassen, Hoon-Ki Min, Kendall H Lee
Deep brain stimulation is an established neurosurgical therapy for movement disorders including essential tremor and Parkinson's disease. While typically highly effective, deep brain stimulation can sometimes yield suboptimal therapeutic benefit and can cause adverse effects. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that intraoperative functional magnetic resonance imaging could be used to detect deep brain stimulation-evoked changes in functional and effective connectivity that would correlate with the therapeutic and adverse effects of stimulation...
August 2016: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Zhi Wen, Jie Zhang, Jielan Li, Jiankun Dai, Fuchun Lin, Guangyao Wu
BACKGROUND: Ventral intermediate nucleus thalamotomy is an effective treatment for Parkinson's disease tremor. However, its mechanism is still unclear. PURPOSE: We used resting-state fMRI to investigate short-term ReHo changes after unilateral thalamotomy in tremor-dominant PD, and to speculate about its possible mechanism on tremor suppression. METHODS: 26 patients and 31 healthy subjects (HS) were recruited. Patients were divided into two groups according to right- (rPD) and left-side (lPD) thalamotomy...
2016: PloS One
Michal Rolinski, Ludovica Griffanti, Paola Piccini, Andreas A Roussakis, Konrad Szewczyk-Krolikowski, Ricarda A Menke, Timothy Quinnell, Zenobia Zaiwalla, Johannes C Klein, Clare E Mackay, Michele T M Hu
SEE POSTUMA DOI101093/AWW131 FOR A SCIENTIFIC COMMENTARY ON THIS ARTICLE: Resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging dysfunction within the basal ganglia network is a feature of early Parkinson's disease and may be a diagnostic biomarker of basal ganglia dysfunction. Currently, it is unclear whether these changes are present in so-called idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder, a condition associated with a high rate of future conversion to Parkinson's disease. In this study, we explore the utility of resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging to detect basal ganglia network dysfunction in rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder...
August 2016: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
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