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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435196/hemato-biochemical-alterations-and-urinalysis-in-dogs-suffering-from-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#1
M R Das, R C Patra, R K Das, P K Rath, B P Mishra
AIM: The study was designed to evaluate the hemato-biochemical alterations, urinalysis along with histomorphological and histological changes of prostate glands in dogs affected with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in and around Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In toto, 445 dogs presented to the Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex of the College of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, one Government Veterinary Hospital and two pet clinics in and around Bhubaneswar screened for the presence of BPH...
March 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390181/perceptions-and-opinions-of-canadian-pet-owners-about-anaesthesia-pain-and-surgery-in-small-animals
#2
P V Steagall, B P Monteiro, H L M Ruel, G Beauchamp, G Luca, J Berry, S Little, E Stiles, S Hamilton, D Pang
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the perceptions and opinions of Canadian pet owners about anaesthesia, pain and surgery in dogs and cats. METHODS: Six Canadian veterinary hospitals participated. Each practice received 200 copies of a questionnaire that were distributed to pet owners. Questions regarding the use of analgesics, anaesthesia, surgery and onychectomy (cats) were included. Responses were transformed into ordinal scores and analysed with a Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385014/mechanisms-of-quinolone-resistance-in-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-companion-animals-pet-owners-and-non-pet-owners
#3
Yeon Soo Chung, Yoon Sung Hu, Sook Shin, Suk Kyung Lim, Soo Jin Yang, Yong Ho Park, Kun Taek Park
The present study investigated the prevalence and the mechanisms of fluoroquinolone (FQ)/quinolone (Q) resistance in Escherichia coli isolates from companion animals, pet-owners, and non-pet owners. A total of 63 E. coli isolates were collected from 104 anal swab samples; 27 nalidixic acid (NA)-resistant isolates were identified. Of these, 10 showed ciprofloxacin (CIP) resistance. Plasmid-mediated Q resistance gene was detected in an isolate. Increased efflux pump activity, as measured by organic solvent tolerance assay, was detected in 18 isolates (66...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381666/acquired-fanconi-syndrome-in-two-dogs-following-long-term-consumption-of-pet-jerky-treats-in-japan-case-report
#4
Akira Yabuki, Tomoko Iwanaga, Urs Giger, Mariko Sawa, Moeko Kohyama, Osamu Yamato
Renal Fanconi syndrome has recently been associated with the ingestion of pet jerky treats from China in mostly small breed dogs in North America, Australia and Europe. We report here about two dogs with Fanconi syndrome following pet jerky treats exposure in Japan. A mixed-breed dog and a French bulldog showed weight loss, polyuria and polydipsia. For years, the owners had been feeding large quantities of pet jerky treats containing chicken prepared in China. Diagnostics revealed glycosuria without hyperglycemia, severe aminoaciduria, and in one case also ketonuria, hypokalemia and metabolic acidosis...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372482/characterisation-by-multilocus-sequence-and-pora-and-flaa-typing-of-campylobacter-jejuni-isolated-from-samples-of-dog-faeces-collected-in-one-city-in-new-zealand
#5
V Mohan, M A Stevenson, J M Marshall, N P French
AIMS: To investigate the prevalence of Campylobacter spp. and C. jejuni in dog faecal material collected from dog walkways in the city of Palmerston North, New Zealand, and to characterise the C. jejuni isolates by multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and porA and flaA antigen gene typing. METHODS: A total of 355 fresh samples of dogs faeces were collected from bins provided for the disposal of dog faeces in 10 walkways in Palmerston North, New Zealand, between August 2008-July 2009...
April 3, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366777/sustained-attention-to-the-owner-is-enhanced-in-dogs-trained-for-animal-assisted-interventions
#6
Paolo Mongillo, Elisa Pitteri, Lieta Marinelli
Adaptation in human societies requires dogs to pay attention to socially relevant human beings, in contexts that may greatly vary in social complexity. In turn, such selective attention may depend on the dog's training and involvement in specific activities. Therefore, we recruited untrained pet dogs (N=32), dogs trained for agility (N=32) and for animal assisted interventions (N=32) to investigate differences in attention to the owner in relation to the dogs' training/working experience. Average gaze length and frequency of gaze shifting towards the owner were measured in a 'baseline attention test', where dogs were exposed to the owner walking in and out of the experimental room and in a 'selective attention test', where the owner's movements were mirrored by an unfamiliar figurant...
March 31, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365927/validation-of-the-socially-acceptable-behaviour-sab-test-in-a-central%C3%A2-italy-pet-dog-population
#7
Paolo Dalla Villa, Shanis Barnard, Antonio Di Nardo, Luigi Iannetti, Michele Podaliri Vulpiani, Roberto Trentini, James A Serpell, Carlo Siracusa
Aggressiveness is reported to be the most important public health issue related to both owned and free‑roaming dogs. Common approaches to assess canine aggressiveness are temperament tests. The main aim of this study was to evaluate whether one such test, the Socially Acceptable Behaviour (SAB) test, created to evaluate aggressive and fearful behaviour in dogs in the Netherlands, could be used reliably to assess dog aggression and fear in a population of owned dogs in Central Italy. Reactions to the test were recorded and compared to the owners' perception of their dog's aggressiveness using a validated questionnaire (C‑BARQ)...
March 31, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364830/impact-of-a-3-year-pet-management-program-on-pet-population-and-owner-s-perception
#8
Esther Dias Costa, Camila Marinelli Martins, Graziela Ribeiro Cunha, Dariane Cristina Catapan, Fernando Ferreira, Simone Tostes Oliveira, Rita de Cassia Maria Garcia, Alexander Welker Biondo
Although pet population management programs have been established worldwide, few reports on program evaluation have been carried out to date. Accordingly, a 3-year longitudinal study has been carried out in a 4000 household neighborhood located within the metropolitan area of Curitiba, the eighth most populated city of Brazil. Visits were conducted and questionnaires completed to estimate and characterize the local pet population (animal sex, reproductive and vaccination status, street access). Care provided by owners, community perception on stray dog management and the possible changes were compared in these variables over time (2010 and 2013) were evaluated, after the establishment of a city pet population management program...
April 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364827/common-decisions-made-and-actions-taken-during-small-animal-consultations-at-eight-first-opinion-practices-in-the-united-kingdom
#9
N J Robinson, M L Brennan, M Cobb, R S Dean
In order for veterinary surgeons to undertake an evidence-based approach to making decisions about their patients, it is important that new evidence is generated to support the clinical decision-making process. Many of the decisions are likely to be around the actions taken to treat or manage health problems discussed during the consultation, and little is currently known about the factors which affect the type of action taken. The aim of this study was to determine the decisions made and actions taken for health problems discussed during first-opinion small-animal consultations, as well as identifying factors which may affect the decision-making process...
April 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353582/association-between-pet-ownership-and-coronary-artery-disease-in-a-chinese-population
#10
Zhi-Yong Xie, Di Zhao, Bing-Rui Chen, You-Nan Wang, Yao Ma, Hao-Jie Shi, Yang Yang, Ze-Mu Wang, Lian-Sheng Wang
A number of studies have suggested the benefits of pet ownership to human health, including cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, there are few findings regarding pet ownership and coronary artery disease (CAD). The objective of this study is to investigate the association between pet ownership and CAD in a Chinese population. From October 2015 to May 2016, a survey consisting of 561 consecutive patients was done in Nanjing, China. Based on the results of coronary arteriography for the first time, participants were divided into 2 groups (non-CAD and CAD groups)...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337489/antibiotic-resistance-profiling-and-microbiota-of-the-upper-respiratory-tract-of-apparently-healthy-dogs-in-ibadan-south-west-nigeria
#11
Oluwafemi Babatunde Daodu, Elizabeth Adesola Amosun, Daniel Oladimeji Oluwayelu
BACKGROUND: Rearing of dogs and other pets has become increasingly popular in modern society. Bacterial flora resides within the nasal and oral cavities of dogs and when chanced, can be pathogenic. Certain similarities between humans and dogs portends dangerous behavioral habits that could lead to zoonotic disease transmission. This study was aimed at isolation, identification and antibiotic profiling of bacteria from nasal swabs of apparently healthy dogs. The zoonotic risk was also considered...
2017: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336713/helping-owners-manage-pain-in-pets
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 25, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331834/ultrasound-guided-electrochemotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-a-clear-cell-thymoma-in-a-cat
#13
Enrico Pierluigi Spugnini, Francesco Menicagli, Michela Pettorali, Alfonso Baldi
A twelve-year-old male castrated domestic shorthair cat was presented for rapidly progressing respiratory distress. The cat was depressed, tachypneic and moderately responsive. Ultrasonography showed a mediastinal mass associated with a significant pleural effusion that needed tapping every five to seven days. Ultrasound guided biopsy yielded a diagnosis of clear cell thymoma upon histopathology. After complete staging procedures, the owner elected to treat the cat with electrochemotherapy (ECT) using systemic bleomycin...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317617/companion-animal-owner-perceptions-knowledge-and-beliefs-regarding-pain-management-in-end-of-life-care
#14
Roschelle Heuberger, Michael Petty, Janice Huntingford
The senior companion animal is the fastest growing segment of the pet population. End-of-life care, quality of life, and pain management (PM) are extremely important to pet owners. Research into PM and end-of-life care is essential due to lack of information on owner knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs. A survey was developed to gather information from owners. Surveys were developed using expert focus groups, and participants were recruited through social media. Survey validation employed emergent themes and grounded theory...
December 2016: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306717/barriers-to-dog-rabies-vaccination-during-an-urban-rabies-outbreak-qualitative-findings-from-arequipa-peru
#15
Ricardo Castillo-Neyra, Joanna Brown, Katty Borrini, Claudia Arevalo, Michael Z Levy, Alison Buttenheim, Gabrielle C Hunter, Victor Becerra, Jere Behrman, Valerie A Paz-Soldan
BACKGROUND: Canine rabies was reintroduced to the city of Arequipa, Peru in March 2015. The Ministry of Health has conducted a series of mass dog vaccination campaigns to contain the outbreak, but canine rabies virus transmission continues in Arequipa's complex urban environment, putting the city's 1 million inhabitants at risk of infection. The proximate driver of canine rabies in Arequipa is low dog vaccination coverage. Our objectives were to qualitatively assess barriers to and facilitators of rabies vaccination during mass campaigns, and to explore strategies to increase participation in future efforts...
March 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306486/factors-that-influence-small-animal-veterinarians-opinions-and-actions-regarding-cost-of-care-and-effects-of-economic-limitations-on-patient-care-and-outcome-and-professional-career-satisfaction-and-burnout
#16
Barry S Kipperman, Philip H Kass, Mark Rishniw
OBJECTIVE To determine small animal veterinarians' opinions and actions regarding costs of care, obstacles to client education about veterinary care costs, and effects of economic limitations on patient care and outcome and professional career satisfaction and burnout. DESIGN Cross-sectional survey. SAMPLE 1,122 small animal practitioners in the United States and Canada. PROCEDURES An online survey was sent to 37,036 veterinarians. Respondents provided information regarding perceived effects of client awareness of costs and pet health insurance coverage on various aspects of practice, the influence of client economic limitations on professional satisfaction and burnout, and proposals for addressing those effects...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291397/evaluation-of-the-impacts-of-epilepsy-in-dogs-on-their-caregivers
#17
Julie A Nettifee, Karen R Munana, Emily H Griffith
Epilepsy is a common problem in dogs, and management of this chronic disorder requires a substantial commitment on the part of the pet owner. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of epilepsy in dogs on their owners, utilizing an online survey tool. A questionnaire was developed to explore a variety of factors, including seizure history, treatment, outcome, quality of life, costs associated with therapy, and sources of support. A total of 225 responses were obtained. The majority of respondents reported positive scores for overall quality of life, although scores were significantly lower for dogs with poorly controlled epilepsy and medication-related adverse effects...
March 14, 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285892/origins-of-recently-emerged-foci-of-the-tick-dermacentor-reticulatus-in-central-europe-inferred-from-molecular-markers
#18
Agnieszka Kloch, Ewa J Mierzejewska, Grzegorz Karbowiak, Kateryna Slivinska, Mohammed Alsarraf, Anna Rodo, Maciej Kowalec, Dorota Dwużnik, Yuliya M Didyk, Anna Bajer
The ornate dog tick Dermacentor reticulatus is vector of several blood parasites, including Babesia canis, a causative agent of babesiosis. The geographical range of D. reticulatus in Europe is discontinuous with a gap separating eastern and western macroregions. New foci observed in several locations in western and central Europe were considered an expansion of the western population, including foci in western Poland. In the present paper we used molecular markers to identify the origins of these foci, and we compared their genetic polymorphism to D...
February 28, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279780/development-of-the-cat-owner-relationship-scale-cors
#19
Tiffani J Howell, Jonathan Bowen, Jaume Fatjó, Paula Calvo, Anna Holloway, Pauleen C Bennett
Characteristics of the human-animal bond can be influenced by both owner-related and pet-related factors, which likely differ between species. Three studies adapted the Monash Dog-Owner Relationship Scale (MDORS) to permit assessment of human-cat interactions as perceived by the cat's owner. In Study 1,293 female cat owners completed a modified version of the MDORS, where 'dog' was replaced with 'cat' for all items. Responses were compared with a matched sample of female dog owners. A partial least squares discriminant analysis revealed systematic differences between cat and dog owners in the Dog (Cat)-Owner Interaction subscale (MDORS subscale 1), but not for Perceived Emotional Closeness or Perceived Costs (Subscales 2 and 3)...
March 6, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277094/quality-of-life-and-adolescents-communication-with-their-significant-others-mother-father-and-best-friend-the-mediating-effect-of-attachment-to-pets
#20
Ferran Marsa-Sambola, Joanne Williams, Janine Muldoon, Alistair Lawrence, Melanie Connor, Candace Currie
The relationship between adolescents' communication with their significant others (mother, father, and best friend) and quality of life (KIDSCREEN) was investigated in 2262 Scottish adolescent pet owners. The variable attachment to pets was also tested and assessed as a mediator of this relationship. A positive relationship between adolescents' communication with their significant other (mother, father, and best friend) and quality of life decreased when controlling for attachment to dogs. In cat owners, a positive relationship between communication with a best friend and quality of life decreased when controlling for attachment to cats...
February 20, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
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