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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732033/spatial-and-simultaneous-representative-seroprevalence-of-anti-toxoplasma-gondii-antibodies-in-owners-and-their-domiciled-dogs-in-a-major-city-of-southern-brazil
#1
Aline do Nascimento Benitez, Felippe Danyel Cardoso Martins, Marcelle Mareze, Nelson Jessé Rodrigues Santos, Fernanda Pinto Ferreira, Camila Marinelli Martins, João Luis Garcia, Regina Mitsuka-Breganó, Roberta Lemos Freire, Alexander Welker Biondo, Italmar Teodorico Navarro
Toxoplasmosis, caused by Toxoplasma gondii, has traditionally been considered an important water and foodborne protozoonosis with important public health considerations. Although felids play a well-established role as definitive hosts, canine epidemiological involvement in the parasite's life cycle remains questionable and controversial. The increasing closeness of the human-dog bond, particularly seen in urban settings, has been recognized as a historically unprecedented worldwide movement. Sharing daily lives in the same households, dogs may be exposed to similar associated risks of T...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727532/evacuation-of-pets-during-disasters-a-public-health-intervention-to-increase-resilience
#2
Robin Chadwin
During a disaster, many pet owners want to evacuate their pets with them, only to find that evacuation and sheltering options are limited or nonexistent. This disregard for companion animal welfare during a disaster can have public health consequences. Pet owners may be stranded at home, unwilling to leave their pets behind. Others refuse evacuation orders or attempt to reenter evacuation sites illegally to rescue their animals. Psychopathologies such as grief, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder are associated with pet abandonment during an evacuation...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724455/a-seroprevalence-study-to-determine-the-frequency-of-hantavirus-infection-in-people-exposed-to-wild-and-pet-fancy-rats-in-england
#3
J M Duggan, R Close, L McCann, D Wright, M Keys, N McCarthy, T Mannes, A Walsh, A Charlett, T J G Brooks
Recent cases of acute kidney injury due to Seoul hantavirus infection from exposure to wild or pet fancy rats suggest this infection is increasing in prevalence in the UK. We conducted a seroprevalence study in England to estimate cumulative exposure in at-risk groups with contact with domesticated and wild rats to assess risk and inform public health advice. From October 2013 to June 2014, 844 individual blood samples were collected. Hantavirus seroprevalence amongst the pet fancy rat owner group was 34.1% (95% CI 23·9-45·7%) compared with 3·3% (95% CI 1·6-6·0) in a baseline control group, 2·4% in those with occupational exposure to pet fancy rats (95% CI 0·6-5·9) and 1·7% with occupational exposure to wild rats (95% CI 0·2-5·9)...
July 20, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697872/life-course-analysis-of-the-impact-of-mammary-cancer-and-pyometra-on-age-anchored-life-expectancy-in-female-rottweilers-implications-for-envisioning-ovary-conservation-as-a-strategy-to-promote-healthy-longevity-in-pet-dogs
#4
D J Waters, S S Kengeri, A H Maras, C L Suckow, E C Chiang
Mammary cancer and pyometra are important health hazards associated with ovary conservation in pet dogs. Early ovariohysterectomy may reduce the incidence of these two diseases, but an estimate of the extent to which the development of mammary cancer or pyometra adversely influences overall longevity is missing. As a first step toward addressing this knowledge gap, the results of a historical cohort study of Rottweilers that lived in North America are reported. Questionnaires completed by owners and veterinarians were used to obtain lifetime health and medical information on 242 female Rottweilers, including years of lifetime ovary exposure, age at death, and cause of death...
June 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694512/pet-directed-speech-draws-adult-dogs-attention-more-efficiently-than-adult-directed-speech
#5
Sarah Jeannin, Caroline Gilbert, Mathieu Amy, Gérard Leboucher
Humans speak to dogs using a special speech register called Pet-Directed Speech (PDS) which is very similar to Infant-Directed Speech (IDS) used by parents when talking to young infants. These two type of speech share prosodic features that are distinct from the typical Adult-Directed Speech (ADS): a high pitched voice and an increased pitch variation. So far, only one study has investigated the effect of PDS on dogs' attention. We video recorded 44 adult pet dogs and 19 puppies when listening to the same phrase enounced either in ADS or in PDS or in IDS...
July 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694360/uk-pet-owners-warned-over-cheap-jerky-treats-from-china
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693574/demographics-of-dogs-cats-and-rabbits-attending-veterinary-practices-in-great-britain-as-recorded-in-their-electronic-health-records
#7
Fernando Sánchez-Vizcaíno, Peter-John M Noble, Phil H Jones, Tarek Menacere, Iain Buchan, Suzanna Reynolds, Susan Dawson, Rosalind M Gaskell, Sally Everitt, Alan D Radford
BACKGROUND: Understanding the distribution and determinants of disease in animal populations must be underpinned by knowledge of animal demographics. For companion animals, these data have been difficult to collect because of the distributed nature of the companion animal veterinary industry. Here we describe key demographic features of a large veterinary-visiting pet population in Great Britain as recorded in electronic health records, and explore the association between a range of animal's characteristics and socioeconomic factors...
July 11, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691193/fluralaner-as-a-single-dose-oral-treatment-for-caparinia-tripilis-in-a-pygmy-african-hedgehog
#8
Camilo Romero, Galia Sheinberg Waisburd, Jocelyn Pineda, Rafael Heredia, Enrique Yarto, Alberto M Cordero
BACKGROUND: African pygmy hedgehogs (Atelerix albiventris) are popular pets belonging to the Erinaceidae family of spined mammals. Amongst the most common skin diseases occurring in this species is infestation caused by the mite Caparinia spp. Due to their skin anatomy and spiny coat, detection of skin lesions in these hedgehogs can be difficult. This may result in delays in seeking medical care, which may lead to secondary bacterial infection and self-inflicted trauma. Multiple therapies have been used in the treatment of this skin condition including ivermectin, amitraz, fipronil and selamectin...
July 9, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689247/loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-as-a-reliable-assay-for-toxocara-canis-infection-in-pet-dogs
#9
Paria Khoshakhlagh, Adel Spotin, Mahmoud Mahami-Oskouei, Abbas Shahbazi, Maryam Ozlati
Keeping of infected dogs as pet results in the potential transmission risk factors for shedding helminthic infections such as toxocariasis. Lack of accurate identification of Toxocara canis eggs in non-dewormed infected pet dogs remains a diagnostic concern among researchers. In this study, dog owners were asked to fill up a questionnaire regarding their pets and their attitude towards the deworming regimen. One hundred faecal samples were collected from pet dogs (Northwest Iran) and were subsequently identified by the ZnSo4 flotation technique, PCR and loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assays...
July 9, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671495/effect-of-different-types-of-classical-music-played-at-a-veterinary-hospital-on-dog-behavior-and-owner-satisfaction
#10
Whitney J Engler, Melissa Bain
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of different types of classical music played during a veterinary visit on dog behavior and owner satisfaction. DESIGN Prospective randomized controlled study. ANIMALS 74 dogs examined at a veterinary teaching hospital. PROCEDURES Dogs examined for a wellness visit, presurgical health evaluation, or nonurgent illness were exposed to 1 of 3 treatments (modified classical music, the same music in its original format, and no music [control]) while in the examination room. Owners completed a standardized survey regarding the dog's behavior and their satisfaction with the visit...
July 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665336/factors-that-influence-intake-to-one-municipal-animal-control-facility-in-florida-a-qualitative-study
#11
Terry Spencer, Linda Behar-Horenstein, Joe Aufmuth, Nancy Hardt, Jennifer W Applebaum, Amber Emanuel, Natalie Isaza
This qualitative study identified a study area by visualizing one year of animal intake from a municipal animal shelter on geographic information systems (GIS) maps to select an area of high stray-dog intake to investigate. Researchers conducted semi-structured interviews with residents of the selected study area to elucidate why there were high numbers of stray dogs coming from this location. Using grounded theory, three themes emerged from the interviews: concerns, attitudes, and disparities. The residents expressed concerns about animal welfare, personal safety, money, and health...
June 30, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663821/skin-infection-caused-by-a-novel-strain-of-staphylococcus-pseudintermedius-in-a-siberian-husky-dog-owner
#12
Andrew R Robb, Elizabeth D Wright, Adele M E Foster, Robert Walker, Colin Malone
Introduction.Staphylococcus pseudintermedius, an opportunistic pathogen of dogs and cats, is rarely reported to cause infection in humans. Here, we describe a case of severe skin infection caused by S. pseudintermedius, in a 47-year-old male, a dog owner; to the best of our knowledge, this is the first such case reported from Scotland. Case presentation. The patient presented with a short history of a severe ecthyma-like lesion on his forehead, with smaller lesions on his abdomen and legs. Bacterial culture revealed Clostridium perfringens, thought to be colonizing the wound, and a Staphylococcus species, identified as S...
March 2017: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653306/the-gross-anatomy-of-the-male-reproductive-system-of-the-european-hedgehog-erinaceus-europaeus
#13
G Akbari, M Babaei, D Kianifard, D Mohebi
Hedgehogs are small spiny-coated insectivores. Due to their low body weight, calm character, and easy maintenance, they are kept as pets. It is therefore worthwhile to care about hedgehogs' health problems and to provide pet owners with information about their reproduction. Moreover, it is necessary to be familiar with their anatomy so as to satisfy the need to improve nutrition and medical care, even surgery. This study was carried out on five adult male European hedgehogs euthanized in a chloroform chamber...
June 27, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649570/evaluating-checklist-use-in-companion-animal-wellness-visits-in-a-veterinary-teaching-hospital-a-preliminary-study
#14
Michael T Nappier, Virginia K Corrigan, Lara E Bartl-Wilson, Mark Freeman, Stephen Werre, Eric Tempel
The number of companion animal wellness visits in private practice has been decreasing, and one important factor cited is the lack of effective communication between veterinarians and pet owners regarding the importance of preventive care. Checklists have been widely used in many fields and are especially useful in areas where a complex task must be completed with multiple small steps, or when cognitive fatigue is evident. The use of checklists in veterinary medical education has not yet been thoroughly evaluated as a potential strategy to improve communication with pet owners regarding preventive care...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644848/exploring-the-differences-between-pet-and-non-pet-owners-implications-for-human-animal-interaction-research-and-policy
#15
Jessica Saunders, Layla Parast, Susan H Babey, Jeremy V Miles
There is conflicting evidence about whether living with pets results in better mental and physical health outcomes, with the majority of the empirical research evidence being inconclusive due to methodological limitations. We briefly review the research evidence, including the hypothesized mechanisms through which pet ownership may influence health outcomes. This study examines how pet and non-pet owners differ across a variety of socio-demographic and health measures, which has implications for the proper interpretation of a large number of correlational studies that attempt to draw causal attributions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639123/a-multispecies-approach-to-co-sleeping-integrating-human-animal-co-sleeping-practices-into-our-understanding-of-human-sleep
#16
Bradley P Smith, Peta C Hazelton, Kirrilly R Thompson, Joshua L Trigg, Hayley C Etherton, Sarah L Blunden
Human sleeping arrangements have evolved over time and differ across cultures. The majority of adults share their bed at one time or another with a partner or child, and many also sleep with pets. In fact, around half of dog and cat owners report sharing a bed or bedroom with their pet(s). However, interspecies co-sleeping has been trivialized in the literature relative to interpersonal or human-human co-sleeping, receiving little attention from an interdisciplinary psychological perspective. In this paper, we provide a historical outline of the "civilizing process" that has led to current sociocultural conceptions of sleep as an individual, private function crucial for the functioning of society and the health of individuals...
June 22, 2017: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636633/playing-with-fire-what-is-influencing-horse-owners-decisions-to-not-vaccinate-their-horses-against-deadly-hendra-virus-infection
#17
Kailiea Arianna Goyen, John David Wright, Alexandra Cunneen, Joerg Henning
Hendra virus is a zoonotic paramyxovirus, which causes severe respiratory and neurological disease in horses and humans. Since 2012, the Hendra virus sub-unit G vaccine has been available for horse vaccination in Australia. Uptake of the vaccine has been limited and spill-over events of Hendra virus infection in horses continue to occur. We conducted an online, questionnaire-based cross-sectional study of 376 horse owners belonging to a variety of different equestrian clubs in Queensland, Australia, to identify risk factors for non-vaccination against Hendra virus...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634490/associations-of-pet-ownership-with-older-adults-eating-patterns-and-health
#18
Roschelle Heuberger
Pet ownership has been shown to improve quality of life for older adults. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to compare older pet owners and older non-pet owners and assess differences between groups. This study was conducted on adults over 50 years of age, who owned either one cat or one dog versus nonowners based on age, race, gender, and education. Matched older pet owners (OPO) versus non-pet owners (NPO) pairs (n = 84), older cat owners (OCO) versus non-cat owners (NCO) (n = 29), and older dog owners (ODO) versus non-dog owners (NDO) pairs (n = 55) were analyzed...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631423/pet-ownership-increases-human-risk-of-encountering-ticks
#19
E H Jones, A F Hinckley, S A Hook, J I Meek, B Backenson, K J Kugeler, K A Feldman
We examined whether pet ownership increased the risk for tick encounters and tickborne disease among residents of three Lyme disease-endemic states as a nested cohort within a randomized controlled trial. Information about pet ownership, use of tick control for pets, property characteristics, tick encounters and human tickborne disease were captured through surveys, and associations were assessed using univariate and multivariable analyses. Pet-owning households had 1.83 times the risk (95% CI = 1.53, 2.20) of finding ticks crawling on and 1...
June 19, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630691/overweight-dogs-are-more-likely-to-display-undesirable-behaviours-results-of-a-large-online-survey-of-dog-owners-in-the-uk
#20
Alexander J German, Emily Blackwell, Mark Evans, Carri Westgarth
Much of the global canine population is now overweight, and this can adversely affect health, lifespan and quality of life. Undesirable behaviours are also common in pet dogs, and these can adversely affect welfare, as well as being stressful to owners. However, links between obesity and behavioural disorders have never previously been explored. An online survey was conducted between June and August in 2014, coinciding with the broadcast of a National UK television programme, exploring dog health, welfare and behaviour...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
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