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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545900/environmental-contamination-with-toxocara-spp-eggs-in-public-parks-and-playground-sandpits-of-greater-lisbon-portugal
#1
David Otero, Ana Margarida Alho, Rolf Nijsse, Jeroen Roelfsema, Paul Overgaauw, Luís Madeira de Carvalho
Toxocarosis is a zoonotic parasitic disease transmitted from companion animals to humans. Environmental contamination with Toxocara eggs is considered to be the main source of human infections. In Portugal, knowledge regarding the current situation, including density, distribution and environmental contamination by Toxocara spp., is largely unknown. The present study investigated environmental contamination with Toxocara spp. eggs, in soil and faecal samples collected from public parks and playground sandpits in Greater Lisbon, Portugal...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505888/fipronil-washoff-to-municipal-wastewater-from-dogs-treated-with-spot-on-products
#2
Jennifer Teerlink, Jorge Hernandez, Robert Budd
Fipronil and fipronil degradates have been reported in treated wastewater effluent at concentrations that exceed USEPA Aquatic Life Benchmarks, posing a potential risk to the surface waters to which they discharge. Fipronil is a common insecticide found in spot-on flea and tick treatment products that have the potential for down-the-drain transport and direct washoff into surface water. Volunteers currently treating their dogs with a fipronil-containing spot-on product were recruited. Dogs were washed either 2, 7, or 28days after product application, and rinsate from 34 discrete bathing events were analyzed by LC-MS/MS for fipronil and fipronil degradates (collectively known as fiproles)...
May 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501556/behavioral-and-physiological-reactions-in-dogs-to-a-veterinary-examination-owner-dog-interactions-improve-canine-well-being
#3
Erika Csoltova, Michaël Martineau, Alain Boissy, Caroline Gilbert
In order to improve well-being of dogs during veterinary visits, we aimed to investigate the effect of human social interactions on behavior and physiology during routine examination. Firstly, we assessed the impact of a standardized veterinary examination on behavioral and physiological indicators of stress in dogs. Secondly, we examined whether the owner's tactile and verbal interactions with the dog influenced behavioral and physiological stress-associated parameters. A randomized within-subjects crossover design was used to examine behavior (n=33), rectal temperature (n=33), heart rate (HR) (n=18), maximal ocular surface temperature (max OST) (n=13) and salivary cortisol concentrations (n=10) in healthy privately owned pet dogs...
May 10, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499907/occurrence-of-ampicillin-resistant-enterococcus-faecium-carrying-esp-gene-in-pet-animals-an-upcoming-threat-for-pet-lovers
#4
Khaled A Abdel-Moein, Mahmoud D El-Hariri, Momtaz O Wasfy, Ahmed Samir
OBJECTIVES: This study was carried out to investigate oral colonisation by Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium in pet dogs and cats, with special reference to antibiotic resistance. METHODS: Oral swabs were collected from 63 pet dogs and 57 pet cats with no known history of hospitalisation. All samples were enriched in Kenner Fecal (KF) broth before being cultured on KF agar to isolate enterococci. E. faecalis and E. faecium were identified by biochemical and molecular techniques...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487859/prevalence-of-canine-obesity-obesity-related-metabolic-dysfunction-and-relationship-with-owner-obesity-in-an-obesogenic-region-of-spain
#5
J Alberto Montoya-Alonso, Inmaculada Bautista-Castaño, Cristina Peña, Lourdes Suárez, M Candelaria Juste, Asta Tvarijonaviciute
The main objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of canine obesity and obesity-related metabolic dysfunction (ORMD) in the obesogenic area in Spain. The prevalence of overweight/obesity among owners of obese pets was also evaluated. In the sample population studied (93 client-owned dogs), 40.9% of dogs presented obesity (body condition score 7-9/9), 40.9% of dogs presented hypertension, 20.4% of dogs presented fasting hypertriglyceridemia, 20.4% fasting hypercholesterolemia, and 5.4% of dogs presented fasting hyperglycemia...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473766/aging-of-attentiveness-in-border-collies-and-other-pet-dog-breeds-the-protective-benefits-of-lifelong-training
#6
Durga Chapagain, Zsófia Virányi, Lisa J Wallis, Ludwig Huber, Jessica Serra, Friederike Range
Aging of attentiveness affects cognitive functions like perception and working memory, which can seriously impact communication between dogs and humans, potentially hindering training and cooperation. Previous studies have revealed that aged laboratory beagles and pet Border collies (BC) show a decline in selective attention. However, much less is known about the aging of attentiveness in pet dogs in general rather than in specific breeds. Using 185 pet dogs (75 BC and 110 dogs of other breeds) divided into three age groups [late adulthood (6- < 8 year), senior (8- < 10 year) and geriatric (≥10 year)], we assessed the progress of aging of attentional capture, sustained and selective attention in older dogs in order to explore if prior results in BC are generalizable and to evaluate the influence of lifelong training on measures of attention...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470002/veterinarians-and-humane-endings-when-is-it-the-right-time-to-euthanize-a-companion-animal
#7
Oliver Knesl, Benjamin L Hart, Aubrey H Fine, Leslie Cooper, Emily Patterson-Kane, Kendall Elizabeth Houlihan, Raymond Anthony
Current advances in technologies and treatments provide pet owners and veterinarians with more options for prolonging the life of beloved pets, but can simultaneously lead to ethical dilemmas relating to what is best for both animal and owner. Key tools for improving end-of-life outcomes include (1) sufficient training to understand the valid ethical approaches to determining when euthanasia is appropriate, (2) regular training in client communication skills, and (3) a standard end-of-life protocol that includes the use of quality of life assessment tools, euthanasia consent forms, and pet owner resources for coping with the loss of a pet...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460797/one-health-solutions-to-obesity-in-people-and-their-pets
#8
REVIEW
J Bartges, R F Kushner, K E Michel, R Sallis, M J Day
Despite the high prevalence of overweight and obesity in the human and companion animal populations, and the global trends for increasing numbers of affected people and pets, there are few successful interventions that are proven to combat this complex multifactorial problem. One key strategy involves effective communication between human and veterinary healthcare professionals with patients and clients about obesity. In human healthcare, the focus of communication should be on physical activity as part of overall health and wellbeing, rather than assessment of the body mass index; clinical examination of patients should record levels of physical activity as a key 'vital sign' as part of their assessment...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460796/the-financial-costs-behaviour-and-psychology-of-obesity-a-one-health-analysis
#9
REVIEW
E Bomberg, L Birch, N Endenburg, A J German, J Neilson, H Seligman, G Takashima, M J Day
People who are overweight or have obesity are estimated to comprise 30% of the global population and up to 59% of companion dogs and cats are estimated to be above their optimal body weight. The prevalence of human and companion obesity is increasing. The direct and indirect costs of obesity and associated comorbidities are significant for human and veterinary healthcare. There are numerous similarities between obesity in people and companion animals, likely related to the shared environmental and lifestyle elements of this multifactorial disease...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460746/incidence-rates-and-risk-factor-analyses-for-owner-reported-vomiting-and-diarrhoea-in-labrador-retrievers-findings-from-the-dogslife-cohort
#10
Carys A Pugh, B Mark de C Bronsvoort, Ian G Handel, Damon Querry, Erica Rose, Kim M Summers, Dylan N Clements
Dogslife collects data directly from owners of Labrador Retrievers across the UK including information regarding signs of illness irrespective of whether the signs precipitated a veterinary visit. In December 2015, the cohort comprised 6084 dogs aged up to six years and their owners had made 2687 and 2601 reports of diarrhoea and vomiting respectively. The co-occurrence of vomiting and diarrhoea with other signs was described and the frequencies and durations of the two signs were examined with reference to veterinary visitation...
May 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450494/informed-clients-benefit-practices-and-pets
#11
Helen Johnson
White Cross Vets in Derby recently opened its doors and invited local pet owners to come and learn about what to do - and what not to do - in a pet emergency. Clinic director, Helen Johnson, says that informing clients can help bond them to a practice.
April 29, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443051/social-behavior-of-pet-dogs-is-associated-with-peripheral-oxtr-methylation
#12
Giulia Cimarelli, Zsófia Virányi, Borbála Turcsán, Zsolt Rónai, Mária Sasvári-Székely, Zsófia Bánlaki
Oxytocin is a key modulator of emotional processing and social cognitive function. In line with this, polymorphisms of genes involved in oxytocin signaling, like the oxytocin receptor (OXTR) gene, are known to influence social behavior in various species. However, to date, no study has investigated environmental factors possibly influencing the epigenetic variation of the OXTR gene and its behavioral effects in dogs. Pet dogs form individualized and strong relationships with their owners who are central figures in the social environment of their dogs and therefore might influence the methylation levels of their OXTR gene...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439463/molecular-assessment-of-the-fecal-microbiota-in-healthy-cats-and-dogs-before-and-during-supplementation-with-fructo-oligosaccharides-fos-and-inulin-using-high-throughput-454-pyrosequencing
#13
Jose F Garcia-Mazcorro, Jose R Barcenas-Walls, Jan S Suchodolski, Jörg M Steiner
Prebiotics are selectively fermentable dietary compounds that result in changes in the composition and/or activity of the intestinal microbiota, thus conferring benefits upon host health. In veterinary medicine, commercially available products containing prebiotics have not been well studied with regard to the changes they trigger on the composition of the gut microbiota. This study evaluated the effect of a commercially available nutraceutical containing fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) and inulin on the fecal microbiota of healthy cats and dogs when administered for 16 days...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435196/hemato-biochemical-alterations-and-urinalysis-in-dogs-suffering-from-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#14
M R Das, R C Patra, R K Das, P K Rath, B P Mishra
AIM: The study was designed to evaluate the hemato-biochemical alterations, urinalysis along with histomorphological and histological changes of prostate glands in dogs affected with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in and around Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In toto, 445 dogs presented to the Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex of the College of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, one Government Veterinary Hospital and two pet clinics in and around Bhubaneswar screened for the presence of BPH...
March 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390181/perceptions-and-opinions-of-canadian-pet-owners-about-anaesthesia-pain-and-surgery-in-small-animals
#15
P V Steagall, B P Monteiro, H L M Ruel, G Beauchamp, G Luca, J Berry, S Little, E Stiles, S Hamilton, D Pang
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the perceptions and opinions of Canadian pet owners about anaesthesia, pain and surgery in dogs and cats. METHODS: Six Canadian veterinary hospitals participated. Each practice received 200 copies of a questionnaire that were distributed to pet owners. Questions regarding the use of analgesics, anaesthesia, surgery and onychectomy (cats) were included. Responses were transformed into ordinal scores and analysed with a Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385014/mechanisms-of-quinolone-resistance-in-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-companion-animals-pet-owners-and-non-pet-owners
#16
Yeon Soo Chung, Yoon Sung Hu, Sook Shin, Suk Kyung Lim, Soo Jin Yang, Yong Ho Park, Kun Taek Park
The present study investigated the prevalence and the mechanisms of fluoroquinolone (FQ)/quinolone (Q) resistance in Escherichia coli isolates from companion animals, pet-owners, and non-pet owners. A total of 63 E. coli isolates were collected from 104 anal swab samples; 27 nalidixic acid (NA)-resistant isolates were identified. Of these, 10 showed ciprofloxacin (CIP) resistance. Plasmid-mediated Q resistance gene was detected in an isolate. Increased efflux pump activity, as measured by organic solvent tolerance assay, was detected in 18 isolates (66...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381666/acquired-fanconi-syndrome-in-two-dogs-following-long-term-consumption-of-pet-jerky-treats-in-japan-case-report
#17
Akira Yabuki, Tomoko Iwanaga, Urs Giger, Mariko Sawa, Moeko Kohyama, Osamu Yamato
Renal Fanconi syndrome has recently been associated with the ingestion of pet jerky treats from China in mostly small breed dogs in North America, Australia and Europe. We report here about two dogs with Fanconi syndrome following pet jerky treats exposure in Japan. A mixed-breed dog and a French bulldog showed weight loss, polyuria and polydipsia. For years, the owners had been feeding large quantities of pet jerky treats containing chicken prepared in China. Diagnostics revealed glycosuria without hyperglycemia, severe aminoaciduria, and in one case also ketonuria, hypokalemia and metabolic acidosis...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372482/characterisation-by-multilocus-sequence-and-pora-and-flaa-typing-of-campylobacter-jejuni-isolated-from-samples-of-dog-faeces-collected-in-one-city-in-new-zealand
#18
V Mohan, M A Stevenson, J C Marshall, N P French
AIMS: To investigate the prevalence of Campylobacter spp. and C. jejuni in dog faecal material collected from dog walkways in the city of Palmerston North, New Zealand, and to characterise the C. jejuni isolates by multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and porA and flaA antigen gene typing. METHODS: A total of 355 fresh samples of dogs faeces were collected from bins provided for the disposal of dog faeces in 10 walkways in Palmerston North, New Zealand, between August 2008-July 2009...
April 26, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366777/sustained-attention-to-the-owner-is-enhanced-in-dogs-trained-for-animal-assisted-interventions
#19
Paolo Mongillo, Elisa Pitteri, Lieta Marinelli
Adaptation in human societies requires dogs to pay attention to socially relevant human beings, in contexts that may greatly vary in social complexity. In turn, such selective attention may depend on the dog's training and involvement in specific activities. Therefore, we recruited untrained pet dogs (N=32), dogs trained for agility (N=32) and for animal assisted interventions (N=32) to investigate differences in attention to the owner in relation to the dogs' training/working experience. Average gaze length and frequency of gaze shifting towards the owner were measured in a 'baseline attention test', where dogs were exposed to the owner walking in and out of the experimental room and in a 'selective attention test', where the owner's movements were mirrored by an unfamiliar figurant...
March 31, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365927/validation-of-the-socially-acceptable-behaviour-sab-test-in-a-central%C3%A2-italy-pet-dog-population
#20
Paolo Dalla Villa, Shanis Barnard, Antonio Di Nardo, Luigi Iannetti, Michele Podaliri Vulpiani, Roberto Trentini, James A Serpell, Carlo Siracusa
Aggressiveness is reported to be the most important public health issue related to both owned and free‑roaming dogs. Common approaches to assess canine aggressiveness are temperament tests. The main aim of this study was to evaluate whether one such test, the Socially Acceptable Behaviour (SAB) test, created to evaluate aggressive and fearful behaviour in dogs in the Netherlands, could be used reliably to assess dog aggression and fear in a population of owned dogs in Central Italy. Reactions to the test were recorded and compared to the owners' perception of their dog's aggressiveness using a validated questionnaire (C‑BARQ)...
March 31, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
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