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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461169/environmental-stewardship-practices-of-veterinary-professionals-and-educators-related-to-use-and-disposal-of-pharmaceuticals-and-personal-care-products
#1
Jennifer Lam, Samuel S Chan, Flaxen D L Conway, David Stone
OBJECTIVE To document the environmental stewardship practices (decisions and actions regarding use and disposal) of pet and human pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) among pet-owning veterinary-care professionals (practicing veterinarians, veterinary students, and veterinary technicians and trainees) and environmental educators. DESIGN Internet-based cross-sectional survey. SAMPLE 191 pet owners (103 veterinary-care professionals and 88 environmental educators). PROCEDURES Study participants were recruited by means of a 2-part internet survey distributed to veterinary-care professional and environmental educator networks of individuals residing in Washington state, Oregon, and southern California...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456904/felis-punctatis-cat-claw-induced-punctures
#2
Philip R Cohen, Douglas S Ramsay
Animal-induced conditions in humans predominantly present as infectious zoonoses. However, trauma-associated injuries from the teeth or claws can also occur. Several zoonotic infections can be transmitted by cats, a common household pet, to their owners. The clinical features of a woman who developed multiple sites of trauma-induced cutaneous punctures from her cat's paws while it was kneading on her clothes-covered abdomen are described. The repetitive insertion and withdrawal of the sharp tips of the cat's claws created distinctive groups of erythematous punctures on the patient's skin...
December 8, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452190/toxicity-assessment-of-mycotoxins-extracted-from-contaminated-commercial-dog-pelleted-feed-on-canine-blood-mononuclear-cells
#3
Sanil D Singh, Naeem Sheik-Abdul, Alisa Phulukdaree, Charlette Tiloke, Savani Nagiah, Sooraj Baijnath, Anil A Chuturgoon
Raw ingredients of pet food are often contaminated with mycotoxins. This is a serious health problem to pets and causes emotional and economical stress to the pet owners. The aim of this study was to determine the immunotoxicity of the most common mycotoxins (aflatoxin, fumonisin, ochratoxin A and zearalenone) by examining 20 samples of extruded dry dog food found on the South African market [10 samples from standard grocery store lines (SB), 10 from premium veterinarian lines (PB)]. Pelleted dog food was subjected to extraction protocols optimized for the above mentioned mycotoxins...
February 13, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434523/allergic-sensitization-to-common-pets-cats-dogs-according-to-different-possible-modalities-of-exposure-an-italian-multicenter-study
#4
G Liccardi, L Calzetta, G Baldi, A Berra, L Billeri, M Caminati, P Capano, E Carpentieri, A Ciccarelli, M A Crivellaro, M Cutajar, M D'Amato, I Folletti, F Gani, D Gargano, D Giannattasio, M Giovannini, C Lombardi, M Lo Schiavo, F Madonna, M Maniscalco, A Meriggi, C Micucci, M Milanese, C Montera, G Paolocci, R Parente, A Pedicini, R Pio, F Puggioni, M Russo, A Salzillo, P Scavalli, N Scichilone, B Sposato, A Stanziola, G Steinhilber, A Vatrella, P Rogliani, G Passalacqua
Background: The query "are there animals at home?" is usually administered for collecting information on anamnesis. This modality to consider exposure to pet allergens constitutes a potential bias in epidemiological studies and in clinical practice. The aim of our study was to evaluate/quantify different modalities of exposure to cat/dog in inducing allergic sensitization. Methods: Thirty Italian Allergy units participated in this study. Each centre was required to collect the data of at least 20 consecutive outpatients sensitized to cat/dog allergens...
2018: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419766/-i-always-feel-like-i-have-to-rush%C3%A2-pet-owner-and-small-animal-veterinary-surgeons-reflections-on-time-during-preventative-healthcare-consultations-in-the-united-kingdom
#5
Zoe Belshaw, Natalie J Robinson, Rachel S Dean, Marnie L Brennan
Canine and feline preventative healthcare consultations can be more complex than other consultation types, but they are typically not allocated additional time in the United Kingdom (UK). Impacts of the perceived length of UK preventative healthcare consultations have not previously been described. The aim of this novel study was to provide the first qualitative description of owner and veterinary surgeon reflections on time during preventative healthcare consultations. Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with 14 veterinary surgeons and 15 owners about all aspects of canine and feline preventative healthcare consultations...
February 8, 2018: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414919/online-relinquishments-of-dogs-and-cats-in-australia
#6
Susan J Hazel, Caitlin J Jenvey, Jonathan Tuke
While traditionally people relinquish their pets to an animal shelter or pound, the internet provides a newer method to re-home. We analyzed advertisements (ads) on the largest website in Australia for trading dogs and cats: Gumtree. Data was collected in 2016. Dogs were sampled on 7, 16 and 24 February 2016 and cats on 9, 19 and 26 February 2016, with 2640 ads for relinquished dogs, and 2093 ads for relinquished cats. It was estimated >31,000 puppies/dogs and >24,000 kittens/cats are relinquished on Gumtree per year...
February 7, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413557/perceptions-and-opinions-of-pet-owners-in-the-united-states-about-pain-management-anesthesia-and-surgical-pain-in-dogs-and-cats
#7
B Simon, E Scallan, D Von Pfeil, D Boruta, R Wall, B Nibblett, O O, G Beauchamp, P Steagall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411556/dog-and-cat-allergies-and-allergen-avoidance-measures-in-korean-adult-pet-owners-who-participated-in-a-pet-exhibition
#8
Min Suk Yang, Sang Pyo Lee, Young Jae Kwon, Sang Min Lee
PURPOSE: This study evaluated dog and cat allergies and their association with allergen avoidance measures in Korean adults. METHODS: The study population consisted of 537 adults who currently kept dogs or cats and participated in a pet exhibition in Korea. The subjects were asked to complete questionnaires regarding pet ownership, allergen avoidance, and allergy symptoms, and underwent skin prick tests. They were considered to have a dog or cat allergy if they suffered from one or more of allergy symptoms during contact with their pets...
March 2018: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410122/virulence-factors-antibiotic-resistance-genes-and-genetic-relatedness-of-commensal-escherichia-coli-isolates-from-dogs-and-their-owners
#9
Abdollah Derakhshandeh, Vida Eraghi, Azar Motamedi Boroojeni, Malihe Akbarzadeh Niaki, Sahar Zare, Zahra Naziri
Escherichia coli (E. coli) is a normal flora of gastrointestinal tracts of humans and warm-blooded animals including dogs that has close vicinity with humans. Because the inter-species transmission of E. coli between pets and human beings, within a household, obtaining more information about the epidemiology, genetics, virulence factors, and antibiotic resistance of E. coli from dogs and their owners will help to control the inter-species transmission and treatment of E. coli infections. In this study we characterize and compare the antibiotic resistance and virulence profiles of fecal E...
January 30, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400403/evaluation-of-pet-owner-preferences-for-operative-sterilization-techniques-in-female-dogs-within-the-veterinary-community
#10
Christine Hsueh, Michelle Giuffrida, Philipp D Mayhew, J Brad Case, Ameet Singh, Eric Monnet, David E Holt, Megan Cray, Chiara Curcillo, Jeffrey J Runge
OBJECTIVE: To describe pet owner preferences within the veterinary community when choosing operative techniques for canine spay. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective survey. SAMPLE POPULATION: 1234 respondents from 5 veterinary university teaching hospitals in North America. METHODS: An electronic survey was distributed to faculty, students, and staff that currently are or previously were dog owners. Responses were analyzed to determine what spay technique respondents would choose for their own dogs...
February 5, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399382/epidemiological-review-of-francisella-tularensis-a-case-study-in-the-complications-of-dual-diagnoses
#11
Ralph Anthony Stidham, David B Freeman, Robert L von Tersch, Peter J Sullivan, Samantha D Tostenson
Introduction: Tularemia is a rare but potentially fatal disease that develops in numerous wild and domestic animals, including lagomorphs, rodents, cats, and humans.  Francisella tularensis bacterium, the causative agent of tularemia, was identified by veterinary personnel at Fort Riley, Kansas during a routine post-mortum evaluation of a domestic feline. However, before formal diagnosis was confirmed, the sample was sent and prepared for rabies testing at the Department of Defense (DoD) U...
January 18, 2018: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398099/developing-a-plan-to-treat-behavior-disorders
#12
REVIEW
Isabelle Demontigny-Bédard, Diane Frank
When presented with a behavioral complaint, veterinarians must identify all contributing medical or behavioral disorders. Veterinarians can give valuable information regarding management and training tools. Owners should be directed to trainers or staff who are familiar with positive, reward-based training techniques. Psychotropic medication is prescribed to animals with a behavioral disorder (abnormal behavior), showing signs of anxiety and/or increased reactivity. Veterinarians need to collect a thorough behavioral history, understand the rationale behind the use of a drug class, and discuss expectations with pet owners...
February 2, 2018: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397240/helping-pet-owners-change-pet-behaviors-an-overview-of-the-science
#13
REVIEW
Beth Groetzinger Strickler
The predominant approach to training dogs and modifying their behavior has been steeped in antiquated theories of dominance and pack leadership that are not based in scientific evidence. Animals learn best through associative and consequential interactions. Using the most current evidence-based techniques, while acknowledging that each pet is an individual, results in more effective behavior modification.
January 31, 2018: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393924/outbreak-of-seoul-virus-among-rats-and-rat-owners-united-states-and-canada-2017
#14
Janna L Kerins, Sarah E Koske, James Kazmierczak, Connie Austin, Karen Gowdy, Antonia Dibernardo
In December 2016, the Wisconsin Department of Health Services (WDHS) notified CDC of a patient hospitalized with fever, leukopenia, elevated transaminases, and proteinuria. The patient owned and operated an in-home rattery, or rat-breeding facility, with approximately 100 Norway rats, primarily bred as pets. A family member developed similar symptoms 4 weeks later, but was not hospitalized. Because both patients were known to have rodent contact, they were tested for hantavirus infections. In January 2017, CDC confirmed recent, acute Seoul virus infection in both patients...
February 2, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385095/email-reminders-increase-the-frequency-that-pet-owners-update-their-microchip-information
#15
Katie Goodwin, Jacquie Rand, John Morton, Varun Uthappa, Rick Walduck
Stray animals with incorrect microchip details are less likely to be reclaimed, and unclaimed strays are at increased risk of euthanasia. A retrospective cohort study was performed using 394,747 cats and 904,909 dogs registered with Australia's largest microchip database to describe animal characteristics, determine whether annual email reminders increased the frequency that owners updated their information, and to compare frequencies of microchip information updates according to pet and owner characteristics...
January 31, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382964/safety-evaluation-of-a-new-anxiolytic-product-containing-botanicals-souroubea-spp-and-platanus-spp-in-dogs
#16
Aleksandar Masic, Rui Liu, Kristen Simkus, Jeff Wilson, John Baker, Pablo Sanchez, Ammar Saleem, Cory C Harris, Tony Durst, John T Arnason
Separation anxiety and noise aversion are common behavioral problems in dogs. They elicit fear responses such as cowering, seeking out the owner, and attempting to escape. This can result in property damage, injury to the dog, and disruption of the owner-pet bond, possibly leading to pet abandonment or euthanasia. A novel botanical anxiolytic product was evaluated for safety in dogs as the target animal species. Its intended use is for the treatment and prevention of anxiety and noise aversion in dogs. It contains a defined mixture of Souroubea spp...
January 2018: Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371634/urban-environment-predisposes-dogs-and-their-owners-to-allergic-symptoms
#17
Emma Hakanen, Jenni Lehtimäki, Elina Salmela, Katriina Tiira, Johanna Anturaniemi, Anna Hielm-Björkman, Lasse Ruokolainen, Hannes Lohi
Our companion-animals, dogs, suffer increasingly from non-communicable diseases, analogous to those common in humans, such as allergic manifestations. In humans, living in rural environments is associated with lower risk of allergic diseases. Our aim was to explore whether a similar pattern can be found in dogs, using a nation-wide survey in Finland (n = 5722). We characterised the land-use around dog's home at the time of birth as well as around its current home, and described several lifestyle factors...
January 25, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351768/overweight-in-adult-cats-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Malin Öhlund, Malin Palmgren, Bodil Ström Holst
BACKGROUND: Overweight in cats is a major risk factor for diabetes mellitus and has also been associated with other disorders. Overweight and obesity are believed to be increasing problems in cats, as is currently seen in people, with important health consequences. The objectives of the present study were to determine the prevalence of overweight in cats from two different cohorts in a cross-sectional study design and to assess associations between overweight and diagnoses, and between overweight and demographic and environmental factors...
January 19, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349237/social-capital-and-pet-ownership-a-tale-of-four-cities
#19
Lisa Wood, Karen Martin, Hayley Christian, Steve Houghton, Ichiro Kawachi, Shannen Vallesi, Sandra McCune
•Pet ownership is significantly associated with higher levels of social capital.•Social capital was associated with pet ownership in the U.S. and Australia.•Results are not confined to dog owners nor dog walkers.•Pets are an under-recognized conduit for building social capital.
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346332/owners-and-veterinary-surgeons-in-the-united-kingdom-disagree-about-what-should-happen-during-a-small-animal-vaccination-consultation
#20
Zoe Belshaw, Natalie J Robinson, Rachel S Dean, Marnie L Brennan
Dog and cat vaccination consultations are a common part of small animal practice in the United Kingdom. Few data are available describing what happens during those consultations or what participants think about their content. The aim of this novel study was to investigate the attitudes of dog and cat owners and veterinary surgeons towards the content of small animal vaccination consultations. Telephone interviews with veterinary surgeons and pet owners captured rich qualitative data. Thematic analysis was performed to identify key themes...
January 18, 2018: Veterinary Sciences
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