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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227138/a-comparison-of-mycotoxin-contamination-of-premium-and-grocery-brands-of-pelleted-cat-food-in-south-africa
#1
Sanil D Singh, Sooraj Baijnath, Anil A Chuturgoon
Contamination with mycotoxins is of concern to pet owners and veterinary practitioners owing to their ability to cause disease and exacerbate the pathological changes associated with other diseases. Currently, there is a lack of information regarding the mycotoxin content of common premium brand (PB) and grocery brand (GB) cat feeds. Therefore, we undertook to determine the mycobiota content of feed samples, from both categories (n = 6 each), and measured the levels of aflatoxin (AF), fumonisin (FB), ochratoxin A (OTA) and zearalenone (ZEA) by high performance liquid chromatographic analysis...
November 22, 2017: Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217768/potential-risk-posed-by-the-importation-of-ticks-into-the-uk-on-animals-records-from-the-tick-surveillance-scheme
#2
Kayleigh M Hansford, Maaike E Pietzsch, Benjamin Cull, Emma L Gillingham, Jolyon M Medlock
In order to monitor important tick vectors in the UK, Public Health England's Tick Surveillance Scheme (TSS) receives specimens from across the country for identification. In recent years, an increasing number of these specimens have been removed from animals with a recent history of travel outside the UK. This paper presents all data collated by the TSS on ticks entering the country on recently travelled or imported animals since surveillance commenced in 2005. Ten different tick species representing six different genera were identified, entering the UK from 15 different countries...
December 7, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215554/pets-purity-and-pollution-why-conventional-models-of-disease-transmission-do-not-work-for-pet-rat-owners
#3
Charlotte Robin, Elizabeth Perkins, Francine Watkins, Robert Christley
In the United Kingdom, following the emergence of Seoul hantavirus in pet rat owners in 2012, public health authorities tried to communicate the risk of this zoonotic disease, but had limited success. To explore this lack of engagement with health advice, we conducted in-depth, semi-structured interviews with pet rat owners and analysed them using a grounded theory approach. The findings from these interviews suggest that rat owners construct their pets as different from wild rats, and by elevating the rat to the status of a pet, the powerful associations that rats have with dirt and disease are removed...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201150/differences-in-the-gut-microbiota-of-dogs-canis-lupus-familiaris-fed-a-natural-diet-or-a-commercial-feed-revealed-by-the-illumina-miseq-platform
#4
Junhyung Kim, Jae-Uk An, Woohyun Kim, Soomin Lee, Seongbeom Cho
Background: Recent advances in next-generation sequencing technologies have enabled comprehensive analysis of the gut microbiota, which is closely linked to the health of the host. Consequently, several studies have explored the factors affecting gut microbiota composition. In recent years, increasing number of dog owners are feeding their pets a natural diet i.e., one consisting of bones, raw meat (such as chicken and beef), and vegetables, instead of commercial feed. However, the effect of these diets on the microbiota of dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) is unclear...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192054/christmas-advice-to-pass-on-to-pet-owners
#5
(no author information available yet)
Pre-empting pet owners' Christmas pitfalls, BVA Media Officer Girija Duggal shares statistics from BVA's Voice of the Veterinary Profession survey and some top tips to help your clients avoid having to use the out-of-hours number.
December 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190197/psychometric-properties-of-the-canine-symptom-assessment-scale-a-multidimensional-owner-reported-questionnaire-instrument-for-assessment-of-physical-symptoms-in-dogs-with-solid-tumors
#6
Michelle A Giuffrida, John T Farrar, Dorothy Cimino Brown
OBJECTIVE To describe development and initial psychometric testing of the Canine Symptom Assessment Scale (CSAS), a multidimensional owner-reported questionnaire instrument, in a population of dogs with solid tumors enrolled in clinical trials. DESIGN Questionnaire development and validation study. ANIMALS 238 client-owned dogs with solid tumors. PROCEDURES A 14-symptom questionnaire was developed. Symptoms were defined as subjective physical disturbances dogs experienced during the course of daily living as assessed through proxy reports of pet owners...
December 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178464/perceptions-and-opinions-of-pet-owners-in-the-united-sates-about-surgery-pain-management-and-anesthesia-in-dogs-and-cats
#7
Bradley T Simon, Elizabeth M Scallan, Dirsko J F Von Pfeil, Daniel T Boruta, Rick Wall, Belle M Nibblett, O Odette, Guy Beauchamp, Paulo V Steagall
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pet owners' perceptions and understanding of surgical pain, perioperative pain management, and anesthesia. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective owner survey. SAMPLE POPULATION: Eight veterinary hospitals each provided 200 surveys for distribution to pet owners. METHODS: A survey evaluated owners' perceptions and opinions related to surgical pain, perioperative pain management, anesthesia in dogs and cats, and owner demographics (sex, age, education, employment, previous surgical experience, and pet ownership) in 8 regions of the United States (Alaska, Florida, Hawaii, Massachusetts, Oregon, Ohio, Texas, Washington, DC)...
November 27, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173542/regression-models-to-assess-the-risk-factors-of-canine-gastrointestinal-parasitism
#8
I Symeonidou, A Ι Gelasakis, K V Arsenopoulos, R Schaper, E Papadopoulos
Gastrointestinal parasites, protozoa and helminths, remain a common important finding in dogs presented to veterinary medical practices. Moreover, dogs may play an active role in the transmission of enteric parasites to humans, given their cohabitation, making canine gastrointestinal parasitism an issue of major concern for public health. To get an overview of the current state of canine gastrointestinal parasites' prevalence in Greece, a total of 1036 faecal samples were collected from dogs either presented in veterinary clinics or in animal shelters...
December 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173160/simple-and-fast-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-assay-to-assess-delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol-and-cannabidiol-in-dogs-treated-with-medical-cannabis-for-canine-epilepsy
#9
Maria Concetta Rotolo, Silvia Graziano, Manuela Pellegrini, Daniele Corlazzoli, Lucia Antinori, Laura Porcarelli, Simona Pichini
BACKGROUND: To date, an increasing number of pet owners, especially in the USA, are using cannabis-derived products containing generally delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) to help their animals' health. Unfortunately, studies on the clinical use of cannabinoids in veterinary medicine are still limited, and the application of analytical methodologies for the determination of cannabinoids in animal (especially dog) biological matrices such as plasma, is still missing...
November 21, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164718/canine-prostate-specific-esterase-cpse-as-an-useful-biomarker-in-preventive-screening-programme-of-canine-prostate-cpse-threshold-value-assessment-and-its-correlation-with-ultrasonographic-prostatic-abnormalities-in-asymptomatic-dogs
#10
S Alonge, M Melandri, R Leoci, G M Lacalandra, G Aiudi
Due to the increased attention that pet-owners devote to their animals and to the improved veterinary care, investigations regarding methods to early detect prostatic disorders that might affect canine life quality have been performed. Canine prostate specific esterase (CPSE) concentration was reported to be higher in dogs suffering from prostatic diseases. This study aimed to estimate the CPSE threshold as a biomarker to early identify prostatic diseases in asymptomatic dogs. The ultrasonographic examination of the prostate was performed in 19 dogs (6-40 kg; 1-5 years) with no symptoms of prostatic diseases...
November 22, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162851/results-of-a-15-year-systematic-survey-of-commensal-rodents-in-english%C3%A2-dwellings
#11
M Lambert, F Vial, S Pietravalle, D Cowan
Population trends for commensal rodents are the subject of interest and speculation but accurate data are rarely available. Here we report data from a 15-year systematic survey of rats and mice in English dwellings and present national-level estimates of prevalence for 1996-2010. We found evidence for peaks in prevalence of mice inside and rats around dwellings in 2002 and 2008. Models containing twelve variables relating to the dwelling and local area explained some but not all of the variation in prevalence...
November 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153104/development-and-preliminary-psychometric-evaluation-of-an-owner-completed-measure-of-feline-quality-of-life
#12
Sophi Tatlock, Margaret Gober, Nicola Williamson, Rob Arbuckle
Due to improved healthcare and pet longevity, measurement of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is increasingly important in companion animal medicine. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate the content and psychometric properties of an owner-completed assessment of health and quality of life (QoL) in cats for use in general veterinary clinical practice. A 23-item feline QoL measure, drafted based on findings from an online survey completed by 45 pet owners, was revised following qualitative interviews with 10 pet owners of healthy cats to assess content validity...
October 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152237/analysis-of-recipes-of-home-prepared-diets-for-dogs-and-cats-published-in-portuguese
#13
Vivian Pedrinelli, Márcia de O S Gomes, Aulus C Carciofi
The present study evaluated recipes of home-prepared diets for dogs and cats published in Portuguese. A total of 106 diets were evaluated: eighty for dogs, twenty-four for cats and two intended for both species. A commercial software package was used to analyse the diets, and an ingredient chemical composition database was built based on the Brazilian Tables of Food Composition and United States Department of Agriculture Nutrient Database. The estimated chemical composition of each recipe was compared with the Nutritional Guidelines for Complete and Complementary Pet Food for Cats and Dogs (Fédération Européenne de L'industrie des Aliments Pour Animaux Familiers; FEDIAF, 2014) recommendations for maintenance (as units/MJ)...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143687/prevalence-and-epidemiology-of-canine-and-feline-heartworm-infection-in-taiwan
#14
Ta-Li Lu, Jun-Yue Wong, Ta-Lun Tan, Yong-Wei Hung
BACKGROUND: Heartworm, Dirofilaria immitis, has long been recognized in Taiwanese dogs but feline heartworm infection has been largely overlooked by veterinarians and pet owners. The main goal of this study was to determine the prevalence and epidemiology of canine and feline heartworm infection in Taiwan. METHODS: Household dogs and cats were selected from 103 veterinary hospitals in 13 cities throughout Taiwan. All animals were at least 1 year old, had received no heartworm prevention for more than 1 year, and had lived in the same city for at least 1 year...
November 9, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143650/microfilarial-reduction-following-proheart%C3%A2-6-and-proheart%C3%A2-sr-12-treatment-in-dogs-experimentally-inoculated-with-a-resistant-isolate-of-dirofilaria-immitis
#15
Tom L McTier, Aleah Pullins, Gregory A Inskeep, Genevieve Gagnon, Huihao Fan, Adam Schoell, Tara Bidgood, Joyce Login, Patrick Meeus
BACKGROUND: Emerging resistance of heartworms (Dirofilaria immitis) to macrocyclic lactone (ML) preventives is an increasing concern for veterinarians, pet owners and animal health companies that supply heartworm preventives, with recent reports of resistant isolates identified from the Mississippi Delta region of the United States. Products that are effective in eliminating microfilariae (MF) in dogs harboring resistant heartworm infections could be important in reducing the spread of heartworm resistance...
November 9, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117933/a-web-based-study-of-dog-ownership-and-depression-among-people-living-with-hiv
#16
Abigail L Muldoon, Lisa M Kuhns, Julie Supple, Kristen C Jacobson, Robert Garofalo
BACKGROUND: People living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) are approximately twice as likely to be depressed compared with HIV-negative individuals. Depression is consistently associated with low antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, an important step within the HIV care continuum related to HIV disease progression and overall health. One factor that may have positive psychosocial benefits and promote ART adherence is dog ownership. Research indicates that dog ownership is associated with lower depression, and initial evidence suggests its positive impact on psychosocial outcomes for PLHIV...
November 8, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099247/effects-of-a-single-preappointment-dose-of-gabapentin-on-signs-of-stress-in-cats-during-transportation-and-veterinary-examination
#17
Karen A van Haaften, Lauren R Eichstadt Forsythe, Elizabeth A Stelow, Melissa J Bain
OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of oral gabapentin administration prior to veterinary examination on signs of stress in cats. DESIGN Randomized, blinded, crossover clinical trial. ANIMALS 20 healthy pet cats with a history of fractious behavior or signs of stress during veterinary examination. PROCEDURES Cats were scheduled for 2 veterinary visits 1 week apart and randomly assigned to receive a capsule containing 100 mg of gabapentin (13.0 to 29.4 mg/kg [5.9 to 13.4 mg/lb]) or placebo (lactose powder) prior to the first visit and the opposite treatment prior to the second visit...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095871/raw-pet-food-as-a-risk-factor-for-shedding-of-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-household-cats
#18
Valérie O Baede, Els M Broens, Mirlin P Spaninks, Arjen J Timmerman, Haitske Graveland, Jaap A Wagenaar, Birgitta Duim, Joost Hordijk
BACKGROUND: Close contact between pets and owners provides the opportunity for transmission of antimicrobial resistant organisms like extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)/AmpC beta-lactamase (AmpC)-producing Enterobacteriaceae, posing a risk to public health. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether raw feed is a risk factor for household cats to shed ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae, a cohort study was designed. Additionally, raw and non-raw commercial pet food products were screened for the presence of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094371/the-impact-of-postdischarge-surveillance-on-surgical-site-infection-diagnosis
#19
Danielle N Garcia Stickney, Kelley M Thieman Mankin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of postdischarge surveillance on surgical site infection (SSI) diagnosis. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective enrollment with retrospective case review SAMPLE POPULATION: Dogs and cats (n = 1271) undergoing surgery April 2012-November 2013. METHODS: The medical record of each animal was reviewed and a 30-day follow-up questionnaire was sent to each pet owner. A standardized definition of SSI was used to identify all animals with SSI...
November 2, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093089/rabbit-haemorrhagic-disease-virus-2-gi-2-is-replacing-endemic-strains-of-rhdv-in-the-australian-landscape-within-18-months-of-its-arrival
#20
Jackie E Mahar, Robyn N Hall, David Peacock, John Kovaliski, Melissa Piper, Roslyn Mourant, Nina Huang, Susan Campbell, Xingnian Gu, Andrew Read, Nadya Urakova, Tarnya Cox, Edward C Holmes, Tanja Strive
Rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus 2 (RHDV2; Lagovirus GI.2) is a pathogenic calicivirus that affects European rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) and various hare (Lepus) species. GI.2 was first detected in France in 2010 and subsequently caused epidemics in wild and domestic lagomorph populations throughout Europe. In May 2015 GI.2 was detected in Australia. Within 18 months of its initial detection GI.2 had spread to all Australian states and territories and rapidly became the dominant circulating strain, replacing Rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV/GI...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Virology
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