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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685450/motivators-and-barriers-for-dog-and-cat-owners-and-veterinary-surgeons-in-the-united-kingdom-to-using-preventative-medicines
#1
Zoe Belshaw, Natalie J Robinson, Rachel S Dean, Marnie L Brennan
Routine use of preventative medicines is advocated as part of responsible dog and cat ownership. However, it has been suggested that the number of owners in the United Kingdom (UK) using preventative medicines to protect their pets is in decline. The aim of this novel study was to use a qualitative methodology to explore the attitudes of pet owners and veterinary surgeons in the UK to using preventative medicine products in dogs and cats. Preventative medicine was defined as "a drug or any other preparation used to prevent disease, illness or injury...
June 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681128/association-between-indoor-air-pollution-and-respiratory-disease-in-companion-dogs-and-cats
#2
Chung-Hui Lin, Pei-Ying Lo, Huey-Dong Wu, Chinhao Chang, Lih-Chiann Wang
BACKGROUND: Indoor air pollution (IAP) leads to important respiratory morbidity and mortality in humans. Companion dogs and cats share the same household environment with their owners and are exposed to IAP. HYPOTHESIS: Pets with respiratory disease are more commonly exposed to indoor air pollutants in their homes and to worse air quality than pets without respiratory disease. ANIMALS: Three hundred and forty-eight animals (230 dogs and 118 cats) were recruited...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680402/respiratory-rate-of-clinically-healthy-cats-measured-in-veterinary-consultation-rooms
#3
E Dijkstra, E Teske, V Szatmári
Respiratory rate is commonly recorded during physical examinations. However, reference intervals are only available for resting and sleeping respiratory rates in cats at home. This observational study aimed to establish reference intervals for the respiratory rate in clinically healthy adult cats at primary-care veterinary clinics. Respiratory rates were recorded from 131 cats, in 6 primary-care veterinary clinics, by observation under four circumstances: by the investigator in the consultation room prior to and during a physical examination, by the owner at home when the cat was resting or sleeping, and by the investigator when watching a video-film of the cat recorded by the owner at home...
April 2018: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674985/dog-owner-attachment-is-associated-with-oxytocin-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-in-both-parties-a-comparative-study-on-austrian-and-hungarian-border-collies
#4
Krisztina Kovács, Zsófia Virányi, Anna Kis, Borbála Turcsán, Ágnes Hudecz, Maria T Marmota, Dóra Koller, Zsolt Rónai, Márta Gácsi, József Topál
Variations in human infants' attachment behavior are associated with single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the oxytocin receptor (OXTR) gene, suggesting a genetic component to infant-mother attachment. However, due to the genetic relatedness of infants and their mothers, it is difficult to separate the genetic effects of infants' OXTR genotype from the environmental effects of mothers' genotype possibly affecting their parental behavior. The apparent functional analogy between child-parent and dog-owner relationship, however, offers a way to disentangle the effects of these factors because pet dogs are not genetically related to their caregivers...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669494/an-epidemiological-investigation-of-an-idiopathic-myopathy-in-hunting-dogs-in-new-zealand
#5
H Hunt, N J Cave, B D Gartrell, N Cogger, J Petersen, W D Roe
AIM: To conduct an epidemiological investigation of an idiopathic myopathy, known as "Go Slow" (GSM), which was initially recognised in dogs used for pig hunting. A secondary aim was to describe the hunting activities, diet and health of dogs used for pig hunting in New Zealand. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted between June 2014-June 2017. Cases of GSM in dogs were diagnosed by veterinarians using a combination of clinical history, physical examination findings, serum biochemistry and/or skeletal muscle histology...
April 18, 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668684/pet-dogs-behavior-when-the-owner-and-an-unfamiliar-person-attend-to-a-faux-rival
#6
Emanuela Prato-Previde, Velia Nicotra, Annalisa Pelosi, Paola Valsecchi
While dog owners ascribe different emotions to their pets, including jealousy, research on secondary emotions in nonhuman animals is very limited and, so far, only one study has investigated jealousy in dogs (Canis familiaris). This work explores jealousy in dogs one step further. We conducted two studies adapting a procedure devised to assess jealousy in human infants. In each study 36 adult dogs were exposed to a situation in which their owner and a stranger ignored them while directing positive attention towards three different objects: a book, a puppet and a fake dog (Study 1: furry; Study 2: plastic)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657015/are-recreational-areas-a-risk-factor-for-tick-paralysis-in-urban-environments
#7
Maria Gerasimova, Mark Kelman, Michael P Ward
In Australia, tick paralysis in dogs (caused by a toxin in the saliva of Ixodes species during feeding) is a serious, distressing condition, and untreated it is often fatal. The aim of this study was to quantify the association between parkland (recreational or natural) in an urban area and the occurrence of canine tick paralysis. Brisbane, as a large urban centre located within the zone of paralysis tick habitat along the east coast of Australia, was selected as the study area. Postcodes selected for inclusion were those defined as being of an urban character (Australian Bureau of Statistics)...
April 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623687/qualitative-and-quantitative-detection-of-chicken-deoxyribonucleic-acid-dna-in-dry-dog-foods
#8
K Hołda, M Natonek-Wiśniewska, P Krzyścin, R Głogowski
Chicken is a common protein source in pet foods and is concurrently listed among food allergens. Commercial over-the-counter (OTC) diets with an alternative animal protein source are considered suitable for dietary elimination trials by pet owners. The potential presence of undeclared chicken-derived ingredients in these diets can compromise the outcome of the trial during the diagnosis of adverse food reactions. The aim of this study was to selectively verify the absence or presence of chicken DNA in 10 OTC dry canine foods, using qualitative and quantitative approaches...
April 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622739/encouraging-responsible-antibiotic-use-by-pet-owners
#9
Christine Middlemiss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622683/peak-forelimb-ground-reaction-forces-experienced-by-dogs-jumping-from-a-simulated-car-boot
#10
David Pardey, Gillian Tabor, James Andrew Oxley, Alison P Wills
Many dog owners allow their pets to jump out of a car boot; however, to date, there has been no study that has investigated whether this places dogs at risk of injury. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between height and peak vertical ground reaction force (vGRF) in static start jumps. Fifteen healthy adult dogs performed three jumps from a platform that represented common vehicle boot sill heights (0.55, 0.65, 0.75 m), landing on a single force platform. Kinetic data (mediolateral (Fx), craniocaudal (Fy) and vertical (Fz)) were normalised for body weight and analysed via a one-way repeated analysis of variance (ANOVA) and pairwise post hoc tests with a Bonferroni correction applied...
April 5, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619213/pet-owner-and-vet-interactions-exploring-the-drivers-of-amr
#11
Matt Smith, Caroline King, Mark Davis, Adele Dickson, Jeni Park, Fraser Smith, Kay Currie, Paul Flowers
Background: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a growing public health problem across the world. As the negative consequences of AMR become apparent at local, national and international levels, more attention is being focussed on the variety of mechanisms by which AMR is potentiated. We explore how interactions between pet owners and veterinarians represent a key arena in which AMR-related behaviours can be shaped. Methods: In depth semi-structured interviews were carried out with pet owners ( n  = 23) and vets ( n  = 16) across the UK in 2017...
2018: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615019/wearable-sensor-shown-to-specifically-quantify-pruritic-behaviors-in-dogs
#12
Joel D Griffies, Jason Zutty, Marcel Sarzen, Stuart Soorholtz
BACKGROUND: Wearable technology is an exciting new field in humans and animals. In dogs activity monitors have helped to provide objective measurement tools where pet owner observation had been the only source of information. Previous research has focused on measuring overall activity versus rest. This has been relatively useful in determining changes in activity in orthopedic disease or post-surgical cases [Malek et al., BMC Vet Res 8:185, 2012, Yashari et al., BMC Vet Res 11:146, 2015]...
April 3, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603372/acvim-small-animal-consensus-statement-on-safe-use-of-cytotoxic-chemotherapeutics-in-veterinary-practice
#13
Annette N Smith, Shawna Klahn, Brenda Phillips, Lisa Parshley, Peter Bennett, Andi Flory, Rosemary Calderon
The purpose of this report is to offer a consensus opinion of ACVIM oncology diplomates and technicians on the safe use of cytotoxic chemotherapeutics in veterinary practice. The focus is on minimizing harm to the personnel exposed to the drugs: veterinary practitioners, veterinary technicians, veterinary staff, and pet owners. The safety of the patient receiving these drugs is also of paramount importance, but is not addressed in this statement. Much of the information presented is based on national recommendations by Occupational Safety and Health Administration, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, United States Pharmacopeia, and other published regulations...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568541/prevalence-of-feline-immunodeficiency-virus-and-feline-leukaemia-virus-infection-in-malaysia-a-retrospective-study
#14
Amilan Sivagurunathan, Asem M Atwa, Remo Lobetti
Objectives: Feline ownership is popular and represents the largest segment of the pet population in Malaysia. Most feline owners own, on average, 2-3 cats, with some having >10 cats per household. Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and feline leukaemia virus (FeLV) are two clinically important viral infections in cats. Documenting the prevalence of these diseases in the feline population is important for both veterinarians and the public. Methods: This was a retrospective study, using data collected from the domestic cat population seen at a 24 h private veterinary hospital in Malaysia, to determine the prevalence of FIV and FeLV in an urban area and risk factors associated with these infections...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566178/the-efficacy-and-pharmacokinetics-of-terbinafine-against-the-frog-killing-fungus-batrachochytrium-dendrobatidis
#15
Alexandra A Roberts, Lee Berger, Sherryl G Robertson, Rebecca J Webb, Tiffany A Kosch, Michael McFadden, Lee F Skerratt, Beverley D Glass, Cherie A Motti, Laura A Brannelly
Captive and wild amphibians are under threat of extinction from the deadly fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd). The antifungal drug terbinafine (TBF) is used by pet owners to treat Bd-infected frogs; however, it is not widely used in academic or zoological institutions due to limited veterinary clinical trials. To assess TBF's efficacy, we undertook treatment trials and pharmacokinetic studies to investigate drug absorption and persistence in frog skin; and then we correlated these data to the minimal lethal concentrations (MLC) against Bd...
March 16, 2018: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560356/development-and-application-of-the-lincoln-adherence-instrument-record-for-assessing-client-adherence-to-advice-in-dog-behavior-consultations-and-success
#16
Lisanna Lamb, Nadja Affenzeller, Lynn Hewison, Kevin James McPeake, Helen Zulch, Daniel S Mills
Adherence to the advice of medical practitioners is critical to successful treatment outcomes and has been much researched in human health, but is less well studied in the veterinary and clinical animal behavior fields. Given that the management of behavior problems often requires substantial change in established client behavior, it is likely that adherence is a substantive issue affecting success. However, little is known about the relationships between relevant factors, and there is no established way of assessing these...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554937/awareness-of-zoonotic-diseases-and-parasite-control-practices-a-survey-of-dog-and-cat-owners-in-qatar
#17
Ana Margarida Alho, Clara Lima, Vito Colella, Luís Madeira de Carvalho, Domenico Otranto, Luís Cardoso
BACKGROUND: Qatar is one of the wealthiest and fastest growing economies in the world, experiencing a rapid increase in human and pet populations. Given the paucity of data on prophylactic measures against endo- and ectoparasites of pets in Qatar, as well as on the owners' awareness of zoonotic diseases, a questionnaire was conducted. METHODS: From July to November 2017, 150 multiple-choice questionnaires were administered to dog and/or cat owners who attended two veterinary clinics in Doha...
March 20, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549181/uk-pet-owners-use-of-the-internet-for-online-pet-health-information
#18
Lori Kogan, James A Oxley, Peter Hellyer, Regina Schoenfeld, Mark Rishniw
The internet has been found to be a popular source for human health information. However, there is a lack of information on pet owners' use of the internet to source pet health information and implications for the owner-veterinarian relationship. Therefore, the aim of this study was to address this gap in knowledge by focusing on UK pet owners' general use of the internet to find online pet health information and the impact of this behaviour on the owner-veterinarian relationship. An online survey targeting UK pet owners resulted in 571 respondents...
March 16, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530078/sociodemographic-correlates-of-prospective-dog-owners-intentions-to-participate-in-controlled-trials-of-dog-ownership-and-human-health
#19
Debbie Chia, Lauren Powell, Vanessa Lee, Marjan Mosalman Haghighi, Anthony Podberscek, Ding Ding, Cathie Sherrington, Emmanuel Stamatakis
OBJECTIVE: Dog ownership is popular, with research suggesting improvements in physical and psychological health of dog owners. However, majority of these studies were not investigator-controlled. Ethical and practical implications arising from the intervention exposure (dog ownership) result in recruitment difficulties. A fit-for-purpose design, such as delaying dog adoption until after data collection, could alleviate such issues. The purpose of this study was to explore intentions and possible incentives for participation in investigator-controlled trials examining the effects of dog ownership on human physical and psychological health...
March 12, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525278/african-horse-sickness-virus-ahsv-with-a-deletion-of-77-amino-acids-in-ns3-ns3a-protein-is-not-virulent-and-a-safe-promising-ahs-disabled-infectious-single-animal-disa-vaccine-platform
#20
Piet A van Rijn, Mieke A Maris-Veldhuis, Christiaan A Potgieter, René G P van Gennip
African horse sickness virus (AHSV) is a virus species in the genus Orbivirus of the family Reoviridae. Currently, nine serotypes have been defined showing limited cross neutralization. AHSV is transmitted by species of Culicoides biting midges and causes African Horse Sickness (AHS) in equids with a mortality up to 95% in naïve domestic horses. AHS has become a serious threat for countries outside Africa, since endemic Culicoides species in moderate climates are competent vectors of closely related bluetongue virus...
March 7, 2018: Vaccine
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