keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Human personality

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548637/high-infection-rates-for-adult-macaques-after-intravaginal-or-intrarectal-inoculation-with-zika-virus
#1
Andrew D Haddow, Aysegul Nalca, Franco D Rossi, Lynn J Miller, Michael R Wiley, Unai Perez-Sautu, Samuel C Washington, Sarah L Norris, Suzanne E Wollen-Roberts, Joshua D Shamblin, Adrienne E Kimmel, Holly A Bloomfield, Stephanie M Valdez, Thomas R Sprague, Lucia M Principe, Stephanie A Bellanca, Stephanie S Cinkovich, Luis Lugo-Roman, Lisa H Cazares, William D Pratt, Gustavo F Palacios, Sina Bavari, M Louise M Pitt, Farooq Nasar
Unprotected sexual intercourse between persons residing in or traveling from regions with Zika virus transmission is a risk factor for infection. To model risk for infection after sexual intercourse, we inoculated rhesus and cynomolgus macaques with Zika virus by intravaginal or intrarectal routes. In macaques inoculated intravaginally, we detected viremia in 75% of macaques and virus RNA in 100%, followed by seroconversion. In macaques inoculated intrarectally, we detected viremia, virus RNA, or both, in 100% of both species, followed by seroconversion...
August 17, 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545878/burnout-and-health-among-critical-care-professionals-the-mediational-role-of-resilience
#2
Oscar Arrogante, Eva Aparicio-Zaldivar
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the mediational role of resilience in relationships between burnout and health in critical care professionals; to determine relationships among resilience level, three burnout dimensions, and physical/mental health; and to establish demographic differences in psychological variables evaluated. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: A total of 52 critical care professionals, mainly nurses, were recruited from an intensive care unit of Madrid (Spain)...
May 22, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545541/mal-gene-overexpression-as-a-marker-of-high-grade-serous-ovarian-carcinoma-stem-like-cells-that-predicts-chemoresistance-and-poor-prognosis
#3
Laura Zanotti, Chiara Romani, Laura Tassone, Paola Todeschini, Renata Alessandra Tassi, Elisabetta Bandiera, Giovanna Damia, Francesca Ricci, Laura Ardighieri, Stefano Calza, Sergio Marchini, Luca Beltrame, Germana Tognon, Maurizio D'Incalci, Sergio Pecorelli, Enrico Sartori, Franco Odicino, Antonella Ravaggi, Eliana Bignotti
BACKGROUND: The existence of cancer stem cells (CSCs) within a tumor bulk has been demonstrated for many solid tumors including epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC). CSCs have been associated to tumor invasion, metastasis and development of chemoresistant recurrences. In this context, we aim to characterize EOC CSCs from the molecular point of view in order to identify potential biomarkers associated with chemoresistance. METHODS: We isolated a population of cells with stem-like characteristics (OVA-BS4 spheroids) from a primary human EOC cell line under selective conditions...
May 25, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545526/effective-implementation-of-the-uncrpd-by-thailand-state-party-challenges-and-potential-remedies
#4
Donruedee Srisuppaphon, Arnon Sriboonroj, Wachara Riewpaiboon, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
BACKGROUND: The Thai government ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) in 2008, and the first progress report by the State Party was issued in 2012. This study assesses and identifies gaps in the Government's implementation of the Convention. METHODS: Using the Deming Plan-Do-Check-Act Cycle as an analytical framework for continuous quality improvement, we reviewed five documents which are: the 2012 State Party report; the list of issues by the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities; the 2015 replies to the list of issues by the Thai government; an alternative report produced by Civil Society Organizations (CSOs); and an alternative report produced by the National Human Rights Commission of Thailand...
May 25, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545499/pre-silencing-of-genes-involved-in-the-electron-transport-chain-etc-pathway-is-associated-with-responsiveness-to-abatacept-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#5
C Derambure, G Dzangue-Tchoupou, C Berard, N Vergne, M Hiron, M A D'Agostino, P Musette, O Vittecoq, T Lequerré
BACKGROUND: In the current context of personalized medicine, one of the major challenges in the management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is to identify biomarkers that predict drug responsiveness. From the European APPRAISE trial, our main objective was to identify a gene expression profile associated with responsiveness to abatacept (ABA) + methotrexate (MTX) and to understand the involvement of this signature in the pathophysiology of RA. METHODS: Whole human genome microarrays (4 × 44 K) were performed from a first subset of 36 patients with RA...
May 25, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544941/time-based-expectations-entail-preparatory-motor-activity
#6
Gregor Volberg, Roland Thomaschke
Human behavior is guided by expectations that facilitate perception of upcoming events or reaction to them. In natural settings expectations are often implicitly based on time, e.g., when making a phone call one would expect to hear either a person answering (earlier) or a voicemail greeting (later). We investigated how time-based expectations can improve performance in the absence of explicit prior information on the pending stimulus or the associated response. Visual stimuli were presented after a characteristic short or long foreperiod, and a forced-choice categorization using either the left or the right hand was required...
May 4, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544863/how-social-status-shapes-person-perception-and-evaluation-a-social-neuroscience-perspective
#7
Bradley D Mattan, Jennifer T Kubota, Jasmin Cloutier
Inferring the relative rank (i.e., status) of others is essential to navigating social hierarchies. A survey of the expanding social psychological and neuroscience literatures on status reveals a diversity of focuses (e.g., perceiver vs. agent), operationalizations (e.g., status as dominance vs. wealth), and methodologies (e.g., behavioral, neuroscientific). Accommodating this burgeoning literature on status in person perception, the present review offers a novel social neuroscientific framework that integrates existing work with theoretical clarity...
May 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544575/analysis-of-physical-characteristics-of-tumor-treating-fields-for-human-glioblastoma
#8
Edwin Lok, Pyay San, Van Hua, Melissa Phung, Eric T Wong
Tumor Treating Fields (TTFields) therapy is an approved treatment that has known clinical efficacy against recurrent and newly diagnosed glioblastoma. However, the distribution of the electric fields and the corresponding pattern of energy deposition in the brain are poorly understood. To evaluate the physical parameters that may influence TTFields, postacquisition MP-RAGE, T1 and T2 MRI sequences from a responder with a right parietal glioblastoma were anatomically segmented and then solved using finite-element method to determine the distribution of the electric fields and rate of energy deposition at the gross tumor volume (GTV) and other intracranial structures...
May 23, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544459/plaque-removal-with-triple-headed-vs-single-headed-manual-toothbrushes-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
S M Kalf-Scholte, G A Van der Weijden, Ewp Bakker, D E Slot
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to establish the effectiveness of brushing with a triple-headed manual toothbrush compared to a single-headed manual toothbrush on plaque removal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The MEDLINE-PubMed and Cochrane-CENTRAL databases were searched. The inclusion criteria were clinical trials conducted with humans without fixed orthodontic appliances who were not dental care professionals. Papers that evaluated the effect of toothbrushing with a triple-headed manual toothbrush compared to a single-headed manual toothbrush on plaque removal were included...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542632/evaluation-of-a-strategy-for-enrolling-the-families-of-critically-ill-patients-in-research-using-limited-human-resources
#10
Alison E Turnbull, Mohamed D Hashem, Anahita Rabiee, An To, Caroline M Chessare, Dale M Needham
RATIONALE: Clinical trials of interventions aimed at the families of intensive care unit (ICU) patients have proliferated but recruitment for these trials can be challenging. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate a strategy for recruiting families of patients currently being treated in an ICU using limited human resources and time-varying daily screening over 7 consecutive days. METHODS: We screened the Johns Hopkins Hospital medical ICU census 7 days per week to identify eligible family members...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542280/analysing-human-mobility-patterns-of-hiking-activities-through-complex-network-theory
#11
Isaac Lera, Toni Pérez, Carlos Guerrero, Víctor M Eguíluz, Carlos Juiz
The exploitation of high volume of geolocalized data from social sport tracking applications of outdoor activities can be useful for natural resource planning and to understand the human mobility patterns during leisure activities. This geolocalized data represents the selection of hike activities according to subjective and objective factors such as personal goals, personal abilities, trail conditions or weather conditions. In our approach, human mobility patterns are analysed from trajectories which are generated by hikers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542242/-we-do-not-bury-dead-livestock-like-human-beings-community-behaviors-and-risk-of-rift-valley-fever-virus-infection-in-baringo-county-kenya
#12
Edna N Mutua, Salome A Bukachi, Bernard K Bett, Benson A Estambale, Isaac K Nyamongo
BACKGROUND: Rift Valley Fever (RVF), is a viral zoonotic disease transmitted by Aedes and Culex mosquitoes. In Kenya, its occurrence is associated with increased rains. In Baringo County, RVF was first reported in 2006 resulting in 85 human cases and 5 human deaths, besides livestock losses and livelihood disruptions. This study sought to investigate the county's current RVF risk status. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A cross-sectional study on the knowledge, attitudes and practices of RVF was conducted through a mixed methods approach utilizing a questionnaire survey (n = 560) and 26 focus group discussions (n = 231)...
May 24, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542158/identifying-pathogenicity-of-human-variants-via-paralog-based-yeast-complementation
#13
Fan Yang, Song Sun, Guihong Tan, Michael Costanzo, David E Hill, Marc Vidal, Brenda J Andrews, Charles Boone, Frederick P Roth
To better understand the health implications of personal genomes, we now face a largely unmet challenge to identify functional variants within disease-associated genes. Functional variants can be identified by trans-species complementation, e.g., by failure to rescue a yeast strain bearing a mutation in an orthologous human gene. Although orthologous complementation assays are powerful predictors of pathogenic variation, they are available for only a few percent of human disease genes. Here we systematically examine the question of whether complementation assays based on paralogy relationships can expand the number of human disease genes with functional variant detection assays...
May 25, 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542123/malaria-surveillance-united-states-2014
#14
Kimberly E Mace, Paul M Arguin
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Malaria in humans is caused by intraerythrocytic protozoa of the genus Plasmodium. These parasites are transmitted by the bite of an infective female Anopheles mosquito. The majority of malaria infections in the United States occur among persons who have traveled to regions with ongoing malaria transmission. However, malaria is occasionally acquired by persons who have not traveled out of the country through exposure to infected blood products, congenital transmission, laboratory exposure, or local mosquitoborne transmission...
May 26, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542010/thermal-modeling-for-the-next-generation-of-radiofrequency-exposure-limits-commentary
#15
Kenneth R Foster, Marvin C Ziskin, Quirino Balzano
This commentary evaluates two sets of guidelines for human exposure to radiofrequency (RF) energy, focusing on the frequency range above the "transition" frequency at 3-10 GHz where the guidelines change their basic restrictions from specific absorption rate to incident power density, through the end of the RF band at 300 GHz. The analysis is based on a simple thermal model based on Pennes' bioheat equation (BHTE) (Pennes 1948) assuming purely surface heating; an Appendix provides more details about the model and its range of applicability...
July 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541371/knowledge-about-the-human-immunodeficiency-syndrome-among-elders-in-a-unit-for-the-care-of-the-elderly
#16
Giovanna Gaudenci Nardelli, Bruna Stephanie Sousa Malaquias, Eliana Maria Gaudenci, Carolina Silva Ledic, Nayara Freitas Azevedo, Vitória Eugênia Martins, Álvaro da Silva Santos
Objective: To analyze the knowledge of elders regarding HIV/AIDS. Methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional, quantitative study, with 457 elders from the Unit for the Care of Elders in Uberaba - Minas Gerais, lasting 3 months. The instruments used were the Mental State Mini-exam and a questionnaire on the human immunodeficiency virus for elders, together with frequency measures for their analysis. Results: Most participants were female (74%), between 60 and 69 y/o (51%)...
May 18, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541285/endogenous-opioids-regulate-social-threat-learning-in-humans
#17
Jan Haaker, Jonathan Yi, Predrag Petrovic, Andreas Olsson
Many fearful expectations are shaped by observation of aversive outcomes to others. Yet, the neurochemistry regulating social learning is unknown. Previous research has shown that during direct (Pavlovian) threat learning, information about personally experienced outcomes is regulated by the release of endogenous opioids, and activity within the amygdala and periaqueductal gray (PAG). Here we report that blockade of this opioidergic circuit enhances social threat learning through observation in humans involving activity within the amygdala, midline thalamus and the PAG...
May 25, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541238/attitudes-of-psychology-students-to-depression-and-its-treatment-implications-for-clinical-practice
#18
M Economou, L E Peppou, K Geroulanou, K Kontoangelos, A Prokopi, A Pantazi, A Zervakaki, C N Stefanis
Stigma and mental health literacy affect access to and quality of treatment of major depression. Though mental health professionals seem better able to recognize major depression than the general public, they often hold similarly stigmatizing attitudes towards people suffering from the disorder. These attitudes are shaped jointly by the public stigma attached to mental illnesses as well as by the content and delivery of mental health professionals' undergraduate training. In line with this, the present study aimed to explore psychology students' ability to recognize major depression, their attitudes towards the disorder, and their views surrounding helpfulness of various interventions...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541179/profound-intellectual-disability-and-the-bestowment-view-of-moral-status
#19
Simo Vehmas, Benjamin Curtis
This article engages with debates concerning the moral worth of human beings with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMDs). Some argue that those with such disabilities are morally less valuable than so-called normal human beings, whereas others argue that all human beings have equal moral value and that, therefore, each group of humans ought to be treated with equal concern. We will argue in favor of a view that takes points from opposing camps in the debates about the moral worth of humans with such disabilities...
July 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541174/enhancing-a-person-enhancing-a-civilization-a-research-program-at-the-intersection-of-bioethics-future-studies-and-astrobiology
#20
Milan M Ćirković
There are manifold intriguing issues located within largely unexplored borderlands of bioethics, future studies (including global risk analysis), and astrobiology. Human enhancement has for quite some time been among the foci of bioethical debates, but the same cannot be said about its global, transgenerational, and even cosmological consequences. In recent years, discussions of posthuman and, in general terms, postbiological civilization(s) have slowly gained a measure of academic respect, in parallel with the renewed interest in the entire field of future studies and the great strides made in understanding of the origin and evolution of life and intelligence in their widest, cosmic context...
July 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
keyword
keyword
41107
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"