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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132327/explaining-variance-in-self-directed-learning-readiness-of-first-year-students-in-health-professional-programs
#1
Craig E Slater, Anne Cusick, Jimmy C Y Louie
BACKGROUND: Self-directed learning (SDL) is expected of health science graduates; it is thus a learning outcome in many pre-certification programs. Previous research identified age, gender, discipline and prior education as associated with variations in students' self-directed learning readiness (SDLR). Studies in other fields also propose personality as influential. METHOD: This study investigated relationships between SDLR and age, gender, discipline, previous education, and personality traits...
November 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127529/the-impact-of-prostate-cancer-diagnosis-and-treatment-decision-making-on-health-related-quality-of-life-before-treatment-onset
#2
Maarten Cuypers, Romy E D Lamers, Erik B Cornel, Lonneke V van de Poll-Franse, Marieke de Vries, Paul J M Kil
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to test if patients' health-related quality of life (HRQoL) declines after prostate biopsy to detect Pca, and after subsequent treatment decision-making in case Pca is confirmed, and to test whether personality state and traits are associated with these potential changes in HRQoL. METHODS: Patients who were scheduled for prostate biopsy to detect Pca (N = 377) filled out a baseline questionnaire about HRQoL (EORTC QLQ-C30 and PR25), "big five" personality traits (BFI-10), optimism (LOT-r), and self-efficacy (Decision Self-efficacy Scale) (t0)...
November 10, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120209/the-role-of-personality-traits-and-barriers-to-mental-health-treatment-seeking-among-college-students
#3
Kristen S Jennings, Kandice N Goguen, Thomas W Britt, Stephanie M Jeffirs, Jack R Wilkes, Ashley R Brady, Rebecca A Pittman, Danielle J DiMuzio
Many college students experience a mental health problem yet do not seek treatment from a mental health professional. In the present study, we examined how perceived barriers (stigma perceptions, negative attitudes about treatment, and perceptions of practical barriers), as well as the Big Five personality traits, relate to treatment seeking among college students reporting a current mental health problem. The sample consisted of 261 college students, 115 of which reported experiencing a current problem. Results of a series of logistic regressions revealed that perceived stigma from others (OR = ...
November 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117708/how-to-identify-narcissism-with-13-items-validation-of-the-german-narcissistic-personality-inventory-13-g-npi-13
#4
Julia Brailovskaia, Hans-Werner Bierhoff, Jürgen Margraf
Four studies investigated the construct validity of the brief version of the German Narcissistic Personality Inventory-13 (G-NPI-13). Study 1 ( N = 603) confirmed the three-factor structure of the G-NPI-13 and its associations with the NPI-40 and the NPI-16. In Study 2 ( N = 438), the convergent and discriminant validity of the G-NPI-13 was analyzed by investigating its relationships with the "Big Five," self-esteem, and mental health variables (depression, anxiety, stress symptoms; life satisfaction, happiness, social support)...
November 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109692/in-an-unpredictable-and-changing-environment-intrapreneurial-self-capital-as-a-key-resource-for-life-satisfaction-and-flourishing
#5
Annamaria Di Fabio, Letizia Palazzeschi, Ornella Bucci
The twenty-first century is characterized by an unpredictable and challenging work environment, and the Intrapreneurial Self-Capital (ISC) career and life construct can be seen as a core of individual intrapreneurial resources that enables people to cope with ongoing challenges, changes, and transitions founding innovative solutions when confronted with the constraints imposed by such an environment. The ISC is a challenging construct since it can enhance behavior and attitudes through specific training, unlike personality traits, which are considered substantially stable in the literature...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109691/adaptive-personality-traits-and-psychosocial-correlates-among-living-kidney-donors
#6
Iris Pollmann, Faikah Gueler, Marie Mikuteit, Mariel Nöhre, Nicolas Richter, Karin Weissenborn, Martina de Zwaan
Since living kidney donors have repeatedly been shown to be mentally more healthy compared to the general population, they might also exhibit more adaptive personality characteristics. We investigated the personality traits of 315 living kidney donors (202 female and 113 male donors) on average 7.1 years after donation using the NEO-Five Factor Inventory, a frequently used personality inventory measuring the "big five" dimensions of personality (neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103838/cognitive-and-behavioral-comorbidities-in-rolandic-epilepsy-and-their-relation-with-default-mode-network-s-functional-connectivity-and-organization
#7
Isabell Ofer, Julia Jacobs, Nathalie Jaiser, Burak Akin, Jürgen Hennig, Andreas Schulze-Bonhage, Pierre LeVan
OBJECTIVE: Rolandic epilepsy (RE) is characterized by typical interictal-electroencephalogram (EEG) patterns mainly localized in centrotemporal and parietooccipital areas. An aberrant intrinsic organization of the default mode network (DMN) due to repeated disturbances from spike-generating areas may be able to account for specific cognitive deficits and behavioral problems in RE. The aim of the present study was to investigate cognitive development (CD) and socioemotional development (SED) in patients with RE during active disease in relation to DMN connectivity and network topology...
November 2, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094759/taxonomy-and-structure-of-the-romanian-personality-lexicon
#8
Vlad Burtăverde, Boele De Raad
We identified 1746 personality-relevant trait-adjectives in a Romanian dictionary, of which 412 were classified as descriptors of dispositions by 10 judges. Self-ratings were collected from 515 participants on those 412 adjectives, and the ratings were factored using principal components analysis. Solutions with different numbers of factors were analysed. The two- and three-factor solutions, respectively, confirmed the Big Two and Big Three of personality traits. A five-factor solution reflected the Big Five model with a fifth factor emphasising Rebelliousness versus Conventionality...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072543/the-general-factor-of-personality-and-character-a-reanalysis
#9
Curtis S Dunkel, Dimitri van der Linden
Using data from the Texas Twin Project, it was recently reported that 7 measures of character covaried to the extent that they formed a general factor of character (Tucker-Drob, Briley, Engelhardt, Mann, & Harden, 2016 ). In turn the relationship between the general factor of character and the Big Five personality traits were examined. It was found that personality was associated with the general factor of character primarily through the traits of conscientiousness and openness. For several reasons we propose that a more accurate interpretation of the data is that a Big Five personality traits form a general factor of personality, and that the relationship between the general character factor and personality is primarily through the general factor of personality...
November 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069625/clinical-utility-of-the-dsm-5-alternative-model-for-borderline-personality-disorder-differential-diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-bfi-scid-ii-pq-and-pid-5
#10
J Christopher Fowler, Alok Madan, Jon G Allen, Michelle Patriquin, Carla Sharp, John M Oldham, B Christopher Frueh
BACKGROUND: With the publication of DSM 5 alternative model for personality disorders it is critical to assess the components of the model against evidence-based models such as the five factor model and the DSM-IV-TR categorical model. This study explored the relative clinical utility of these models in screening for borderline personality disorder (BPD). METHODS: Receiver operator characteristics and diagnostic efficiency statistics were calculated for three personality measures to ascertain the relative diagnostic efficiency of each measure...
September 12, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065556/optical-methods-in-fingerprint-imaging-for-medical-and-personality-applications
#11
Chia-Nan Wang, Jing-Wein Wang, Ming-Hsun Lin, Yao-Lang Chang, Chia-Ming Kuo
Over the years, analysis and induction of personality traits has been a topic for individual subjective conjecture or speculation, rather than a focus of inductive scientific analysis. This study proposes a novel framework for analysis and induction of personality traits. First, 14 personality constructs based on the "Big Five" personality factors were developed. Next, a new fingerprint image algorithm was used for classification, and the fingerprints were classified into eight types. The relationship between personality traits and fingerprint type was derived from the results of the questionnaire survey...
October 23, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056609/adjunctive-avatar-therapy-for-mentalization-based-treatment-of-borderline-personality-disorder-a-mixed-methods-feasibility-study
#12
Caroline J Falconer, Penny Cutting, E Bethan Davies, Chris Hollis, Paul Stallard, Paul Moran
BACKGROUND: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterised by severe instability in emotions, identity, relationships and impulsive behaviour. One contributing factor to BPD is deficient mentalizing-our ability to understand the mental states of others and ourselves. Psychotherapies can be effective at reducing symptoms of BPD but effects are small. Innovative ways of enhancing existing therapies are therefore essential. OBJECTIVE: In a mixed-methods, feasibility and acceptability study, we adjuncted conventional mentalization-based treatment (MBT) for BPD with avatar software (avatar-MBT)...
October 22, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051684/a-tripartite-taxonomy-of-character-evidence-for-intrapersonal-interpersonal-and-intellectual-competencies-in-children
#13
Daeun Park, Eli Tsukayama, Geoffrey P Goodwin, Sarah Patrick, Angela L Duckworth
Other than cognitive ability, what competencies should schools promote in children? How are they organized, and to what extent do they predict consequential outcomes? Separate theoretical traditions have suggested interpersonal, intrapersonal, and intellectual dimensions, reflecting how children relate to other people, manage their own goals and impulses, and engage with ideas, respectively. However, very little work has examined character empirically. In the current investigation, we partnered with middle schools that had previously identified character strengths relevant in their communities...
January 2017: Contemporary Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048301/beyond-the-big-five-the-role-of-extrinsic-life-aspirations-in-compulsive-buying
#14
José M Otero-López, Estíbaliz Villardefrancos Pol, Cristina Castro Bolaño
BACKGROUND: The integration of units of differing natures which are found in different parts of some multilevel personality models is one of the most thought-provoking paths in contemporary research. In the field of compulsive buying, little is known about the interrelationships between the comparative and stable units such as personality traits (basic tendencies or Level I units) and goals (a kind of middle-level unit) which are more related to motivational processes and intentions governing people’s behavior...
November 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040007/probing-birth-order-effects-on-narrow-traits-using-specification-curve-analysis
#15
Julia M Rohrer, Boris Egloff, Stefan C Schmukle
The idea that birth-order position has a lasting impact on personality has been discussed for the past 100 years. Recent large-scale studies have indicated that birth-order effects on the Big Five personality traits are negligible. In the current study, we examined a variety of more narrow personality traits in a large representative sample ( n = 6,500-10,500 in between-family analyses; n = 900-1,200 in within-family analyses). We used specification-curve analysis to assess evidence for birth-order effects across a range of models implementing defensible yet arbitrary analytical decisions (e...
October 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039706/associations-of-self-presentation-on-facebook-with-mental-health-and-personality-variables-a-systematic-review
#16
Conal Twomey, Gary O'Reilly
Many investigations of the associations of self-presentation on Facebook with mental health and personality variables exist, but their findings have not yet been synthetized. We therefore carried out a narrative synthesis of 21 observational studies (combined N = 7,573) obtained from a systematic search of four academic databases. Significant self-presentation associations were yielded for self-esteem, perceived social support, social anxiety, well-being, depression, bipolar/mania, stress, self-consciousness, and insecure attachment...
October 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033878/the-actor-partner-similarity-effects-of-personality-and-interactions-with-gender-and-relationship-duration-among-chinese-emerging-adults
#17
Yixin Zhou, Kexin Wang, Shuang Chen, Jianxin Zhang, Mingjie Zhou
Understanding personality effects and their role in influencing relationship quality, varied according to gender and relationship duration, could help us better understand close relationships. Participants were Chinese dating dyads and were asked to complete both the Big Five Inventory and Perceived Relationship Quality Component scales. Males and those who had a long-term relationship perceived better relationship quality; individuals who scored higher on agreeableness, conscientiousness, openness, and emotional stability enjoyed better relationship quality; gender and/or relationship duration moderated the actor effect of extraversion and the partner effects of conscientiousness, emotional stability, and openness on relationship quality...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027200/do-personality-traits-mediate-the-relationship-between-childhood-abuse-and-migraine-an-exploration-of-the-relationships-in-young-adults-using-the-add-health-dataset
#18
Monita Karmakar, Jon D Elhai, Aliaksandr A Amialchuk, Gretchen E Tietjen
BACKGROUND: Personality traits (especially neuroticism) and childhood maltreatment have been independently related to many negative health outcomes later in life, including migraine. Studies have also shown the association between childhood maltreatment and maladaptive personality traits. The mediating role of personality traits on the relationship between childhood maltreatment and depression, psychological distress, and alcohol dependence has been extensively studied. However, this type of mediation has not been studied in the case of the development of migraine...
October 13, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022186/response-distortion-on-personality-tests-in-applicants-comparing-high-stakes-to-low-stakes-medical-settings
#19
Jeromy Anglim, Stefan Bozic, Jonathon Little, Filip Lievens
The current study examined the degree to which applicants applying for medical internships distort their responses to personality tests and assessed whether this response distortion led to reduced predictive validity. The applicant sample (n = 530) completed the NEO Personality Inventory whilst applying for one of 60 positions as first-year post-graduate medical interns. Predictive validity was assessed using university grades, averaged over the entire medical degree. Applicant responses for the Big Five (i...
October 11, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985865/personality-traits-within-a-pediatric-surgery-fellowship-applicant-pool
#20
Rajaie Hazboun, Samuel Rodriguez, Arul Thirumoorthi, Joanne Baerg, Donald Moores, Edward P Tagge
BACKGROUND: The Big Five framework examines five factors that represent a description of human personality. These factors correlate with success measures and job satisfaction. The Big Five Inventory is a 44-item instrument designed to measure the Big Five framework. Our aim was to document the distribution of Big Five personality traits among Pediatric Surgery fellowship applicants, compare with community norms, surgical residents, between genders, and correlate to the fellowship match results...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
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