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Big five personality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810502/brief-report-how-short-is-too-short-an-ultra-brief-measure-of-the-big-five-personality-domains-implicates-agreeableness-as-a-risk-for-all-cause-mortality
#1
Benjamin P Chapman, Ari J Elliot
Controversy exists over the use of brief Big Five scales in health studies. We investigated links between an ultra-brief measure, the Big Five Inventory-10, and mortality in the General Social Survey. The Agreeableness scale was associated with elevated mortality risk (hazard ratio = 1.26, p = .017). This effect was attributable to the reversed-scored item "Tends to find fault with others," so that greater fault-finding predicted lower mortality risk. The Conscientiousness scale approached meta-analytic estimates, which were not precise enough for significance...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795158/replication-and-characterization-of-cadm2-and-msra-genes-on-human-behavior
#2
Brian Boutwell, David Hinds, Jorim Tielbeek, Ken K Ong, Felix R Day, John R B Perry
Progress identifying the genetic determinants of personality has historically been slow, with candidate gene studies and small-scale genome-wide association studies yielding few reproducible results. In the UK Biobank study, genetic variants in CADM2 and MSRA were recently shown to influence risk taking behavior and irritability respectively, representing some of the first genomic loci to be associated with aspects of personality. We extend this observation by performing a personality "phenome-scan" across 16 traits in up to 140,487 participants from 23andMe for these two genes...
July 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769751/neuronal-correlates-of-individual-differences-in-the-big-five-personality-traits-evidences-from-cortical-morphology-and-functional-homogeneity
#3
Ting Li, Xu Yan, Yuan Li, Junjie Wang, Qiang Li, Hong Li, Junfeng Li
There have been many neuroimaging studies of human personality traits, and it have already provided glimpse into the neurobiology of complex traits. And most of previous studies adopt voxel-based morphology (VBM) analysis to explore the brain-personality mechanism from two levels (vertex and regional based), the findings are mixed with great inconsistencies and the brain-personality relations are far from a full understanding. Here, we used a new method of surface-based morphology (SBM) analysis, which provides better alignment of cortical landmarks to generate about the associations between cortical morphology and the personality traits across 120 healthy individuals at both vertex and regional levels...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756337/epilepsy-related-romantic-and-sexual-relationship-problems-and-concerns-indications-from-internet-message-boards
#4
Wendy R Miller, Amanda N Gesselman, Justin R Garcia, Doyle Groves, Janice M Buelow
The objective of this study was to, utilizing a Big Data set and innovative methods, explore romantic and sexual relationship-related concerns among people with epilepsy and their partners. We applied Word Adjacency Graph modeling to more than 2000 message board posts, and five distinct categories of romantic and sexual relationship-related concerns emerged. We conclude that persons with epilepsy are at particular risk for the experience of decrements in their romantic and sexual relationships, which can negatively impact their self-management and overall health...
July 27, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746388/the-role-of-personality-in-health-care-use-results-of-a-population-based-longitudinal-study-in-germany
#5
André Hajek, Jens-Oliver Bock, Hans-Helmut König
OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of personality in health care use longitudinally. METHODS: Data were derived from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP), a nationally representative, longitudinal cohort study of German households starting in 1984. Concentrating on the role of personality, we used data from the years 2005, 2009 and 2013. Personality was measured by using the GSOEP Big Five Inventory (BFI-S). Number of physician visits in the last 3 months and hospital stays in the last year were used as measures of health care use...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745427/relationship-between-work-family-balance-and-job-satisfaction-among-employees-in-china-a-moderated-mediation-model
#6
Yue Yu, Yuchen Wang, Jianxin Zhang
Previous studies have revealed the association between work-family balance and job satisfaction. The present research further explored the underlying mechanism of this association and aimed to provide a moderated mediation model to explain if personality traits moderate the relationship between work-family balance and job satisfaction through work engagement. A cross-sectional study was conducted in which 263 employees from a petrochemical enterprise in China completed self-report questionnaires including the Work-Family Balance Scale, the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, the Big Five Inventory-10, and the Job Satisfaction Scale...
July 26, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742408/risk-competence-in-dealing-with-alcohol-and-other-drugs-in-adolescence
#7
Ede Nagy, Rolf Verres, Dennis Grevenstein
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a critical phase for the development substance use patterns. We propose that individual competence in dealing with psychoactive substances is crucial for the development of healthy substance use behavior and prevention of substance misuse or addiction. OBJECTIVES: We present a new concept of health related skills in dealing with alcohol and other drugs in adolescence, its operationalization and validation. Our conception of risk competence (RICO) consists of the four major factors being Reflective, Informed, Self-Controlled and Life-Oriented, and their sub-facets...
July 25, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736483/predicting-romantic-interest-at-zero-acquaintance-evidence-of-sex-differences-in-trait-perception-but-not-in-predictors-of-interest
#8
Sally G Olderbak, Frederic Malter, Pedro Sofio Abril Wolf, Daniel N Jones, Aurelio José Figueredo
We evaluated five competing hypotheses about what predicts romantic interest. Through a half-block quasi-experimental design, a large sample of young adults (i.e., responders; n = 335) viewed videos of opposite-sex persons (i.e., targets) talking about themselves and responders rated the targets' traits and their romantic interest in the target. We tested whether similarity, dissimilarity, or overall trait levels on mate value, physical attractiveness, life history strategy, and the Big-Five personality factors predicted romantic interest at zero acquaintance, and whether sex acted as a moderator...
January 2017: European Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732750/personality-predicts-the-vibrancy-of-colour-imagery-the-case-of-synaesthesia
#9
Shyla R Hossain, Julia Simner, Alberta Ipser
In this study we show that personality traits predict the physical qualities of mentally generated colours, using the case of synaesthesia. Developmental grapheme-colour synaesthetes have the automatic lifelong association of colours paired to letters or digits. Although these colours are internal mental constructs, they can be measured along physical dimensions such as saturation and luminance. The personality of synaesthetes can also be quantified using self-report questionnaires relating, for example, to the five major traits of Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism, and Openness to Experience...
July 1, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724480/neuroticism-and-the-overlap-between-autistic-and-adhd-traits-findings-from-a-population-sample-of-young-adult-australian-twins
#10
Shin-Ho Park, Adam J Guastella, Michael Lynskey, Arpana Agrawal, John N Constantino, Sarah E Medland, Yun Ju C Song, Nicholas G Martin, Lucía Colodro-Conde
Neuroticism, a 'Big Five' personality trait, has been associated with sub-clinical traits of both autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The objective of the current study was to examine whether causal overlap between ASD and ADHD traits can be accounted for by genetic and environmental risk factors that are shared with neuroticism. We performed twin-based structural equation modeling using self-report data from 12 items of the Neo Five-Factor Inventory Neuroticism domain, 11 Social Responsiveness Scale items, and 12 Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale items obtained from 3,170 young adult Australian individual twins (1,081 complete pairs)...
August 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713502/the-effect-of-personality-traits-on-undergraduate-dental-students-performance-in-multiple-mini-interviews
#11
Lana Ahmed Shinawi, Sumer Madani Alaki, Ibrahim Yamany, Mona Hassan Ahmed Hassan
BACKGROUND: Multiple mini interviews (MMI) is a structured student selection method where applicants rotate around a series of stations that do not require previously learned knowledge. The Big Five Inventory (BFI) is a tool often used to measure personality traits commonly used in applicant selection. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to assess the effect of personality traits using the BFI on undergraduate dental students' performance in MMI. METHODS: This research was conducted at The Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713320/social-media-membership-browsing-and-profile-updating-in-a-representative-u-s-sample-independent-and-interdependent-effects-of-big-five-traits-and-aging-and-social-factors
#12
Tim Bogg
Guided by cybernetic perspectives on personality, the present work used a representative sample of U.S. adults (N = 992) to examine Big Five personality traits and social and aging factors as predictors of social media network membership and past-month browsing/searching and profile updating among members. The results showed adults who were less extraverted and less neurotic and who reported greater physical limitations were less likely to be members. Moreover, extraverted adults without partners were more likely to be members than introverted adults without partners...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710592/shame-on-me-self-conscious-emotions-and-big-five-personality-traits-and-their-relations-to-anxiety-disorders-symptoms-in-young-non-clinical-adolescents
#13
Peter Muris, Cor Meesters, Mike van Asseldonk
This study explored the relations between self-conscious emotions, personality traits, and anxiety disorders symptoms in non-clinical youths. One-hundred-and-eighteen adolescents aged 12-15 years completed the brief shame and guilt questionnaire for children (BSGQ-C) and items of the youth self-report (YSR) to measure shame and guilt, the big five personality questionnaire for children, and the youth anxiety measure for DSM-5. Results for shame indicated that this self-conscious emotion-either measured by the BSGQ-C or the YSR-was uniquely and positively associated with a broad range of anxiety disorders symptoms, and correlated positively with neuroticism and negatively with extraversion...
July 14, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706496/the-mediation-effect-of-coping-style-on-the-relations-between-personality-and-life-satisfaction-in-chinese-adolescents
#14
Le Xu, Ru-De Liu, Yi Ding, Xiaohong Mou, Jia Wang, Ying Liu
Previous findings showed the associations between each of the Big Five personality trait and adolescents' life satisfaction were different. Some traits (extraversion and neuroticism) correlated with adolescents' life satisfaction, while other traits did not have the same associations with adolescents' life satisfaction. In order to explain why the Big Five traits differed in their associations with adolescents' life satisfaction, the present study verified the relations between each of the Big Five personality traits and life satisfaction, and demonstrated the mediating effects of coping style on the relations between these personality traits and life satisfaction in a sample of 2,357 Chinese adolescents...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693712/calibrating-a-new-item-pool-to-adaptively-assess-the-big-five
#15
María D Nieto, Francisco J Abad, Alejandro Hernández-Camacho, Luis E Garrido, Juan R Barrada, David Aguado, Julio Olea
BACKGROUND: Even though the Five Factor Model (FFM) has been the dominant paradigm in personality research for the past two decades, very few studies have measured the FFM adaptively. Thus, the purpose of this research was the building of a new item pool to develop a computerized adaptive test (CAT) for personality assessment. METHOD: A pool of 480 items that measured the FFM facets was developed and applied to 826 participants. Facets were calibrated separately and item selection was performed being mindful of the preservation of unidimensionality of each facet...
August 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690582/decreased-openness-to-experience-is-associated-with-migraine-type-headaches-in-subjects-with-lifetime-depression
#16
Mate Magyar, Xenia Gonda, Dorottya Pap, Andrea Edes, Attila Galambos, Daniel Baksa, Natalia Kocsel, Edina Szabo, Gyorgy Bagdy, Rebecca Elliott, Gyongyi Kokonyei, Gabriella Juhasz
INTRODUCTION: Migraine and depression frequently occur as comorbid conditions, and it has been hypothesized that migraine with and without depression may have a different genetic background. A distinct personality trait constellation has been described in migraineurs. Less attention, however, was paid to personality differences in migraineurs with and without depression which may also shed light on differences in the neurobiological, background. The aim of our study was to investigate big five personality traits, headaches, and lifetime depression (DEP) in a large European general population sample...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686561/-the-concept-of-temperament-and-its-contribution-to-the-understanding-of-the-bipolar-spectrum
#17
I Koufaki, V Polizoidou, K N Fountoulakis
The present article attempts first to provide a historical overview of the concept of temperament,The present article attempts first to provide a historical overview of the concept of temperament,since its foundation by Polybos (4th century B.C.) and the school of Cos, its predominant role in theshaping of the anthropological and humanitarian sciences, until the modern theoretical formulations,such as those proposed by Robert Cloninger and Hagop Akiskal. Secondly, recent literature ispresented, which suggests a strong link of different temperament structures to mental health andpsychopathology...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680697/personality-traits-neuroticism-and-openness-as-well-as-early-abnormal-eye-conditions-as-predictors-of-the-occurrence-of-eye-problems-in-adulthood
#18
Helen Cheng, Adrian Furnham
This study set out to examine the associations between psychological, biomedical and socio-demographic factors in childhood and adulthood associated with the occurrence of self-reported eye conditions in adulthood. In total, 5706 participants with complete data on parental social class at birth, cognitive ability accessed at age 11 years, abnormal eye conditions by the age of 16 years diagnosed by medical professionals, educational qualifications obtained at age 33 years, the Big Five Factor personality traits measured at age 50 years, current occupational levels and self-reported eye conditions at age 54 years were included in the study...
April 2017: Health Psychology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680397/a-comprehensive-analysis-of-the-correlations-between-resting-state-oscillations-in-multiple-frequency-bands-and-big-five-traits
#19
Shigeyuki Ikeda, Hikaru Takeuchi, Yasuyuki Taki, Rui Nouchi, Ryoichi Yokoyama, Yuka Kotozaki, Seishu Nakagawa, Atsushi Sekiguchi, Kunio Iizuka, Yuki Yamamoto, Sugiko Hanawa, Tsuyoshi Araki, Carlos Makoto Miyauchi, Kohei Sakaki, Takayuki Nozawa, Susumu Yokota, Daniele Magistro, Ryuta Kawashima
Recently, the association between human personality traits and resting-state brain activity has gained interest in neuroimaging studies. However, it remains unclear if Big Five personality traits are represented in frequency bands (~0.25 Hz) of resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) activity. Based on earlier neurophysiological studies, we investigated the correlation between the five personality traits assessed by the NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI), and the fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF) at four distinct frequency bands (slow-5 (0...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659979/the-cognitive-and-psychological-factors-personality-driving-behavior-and-mental-illnesses-as-predictors-in-traffic-violations
#20
Seyyed Salman Alavi, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Hamid Soori, Maryam Ghanizadeh
Objective: Driving is a complex behavior and is affected by several factors. This cohort study aimed at representing the main determinants such as personality features, driving behavior, and mental illnesses on driving violation based on logistic regression. Method: In this cohort study, 800 heavy truck and lorry drivers were recruited. Participants were selected from those individuals who referred to Imam Sajjad hospital in Tehran, Iran during fall 2013 to summer 2015. Manchester Driving Behavior Questionnaire (MDBQ), Big Five Personality Test (NEO Personality Inventory), and SADS (Semi-Structural Interview) were used in this study...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
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