keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Big five personality

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792523/personality-homophily-and-geographic-distance-in-facebook
#1
Nyala Noë, Roger M Whitaker, Stuart M Allen
Personality homophily remains an understudied aspect of social networks, with the traditional focus concerning sociodemographic variables as the basis for assortativity, rather than psychological dispositions. We consider the effect of personality homophily on one of the biggest constraints to human social networks: geographic distance. We use the Big five model of personality to make predictions for each of the five facets: Openness to experience, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism...
May 24, 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792501/optimizing-the-length-width-and-balance-of-a-personality-scale-how-do-internal-characteristics-affect-external-validity
#2
Christopher J Soto, Oliver P John
How well can scores on a personality scale predict criteria such as behaviors and life outcomes? This question concerns external validity, which is a core aspect of personality assessment. The present research was conducted to examine how external validity is influenced by a trait scale's internal characteristics, such as its length (number of items), width (breadth of content), and balance (between positively and negatively keyed items). Participants completed the Big Five Inventory-2 (BFI-2), and were also assessed on a set of self-reported and peer-reported validity criteria...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792092/the-relationship-between-narcissism-and-personality-traits-of-the-five-factor-model-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#3
Marc Allroggen, Peter Rehmann, Eva Schürch, Carolyn C Morf, Michael Kölch
Introduction: Narcissism is seen as a multidimensional construct that consists of two manifestations: grandiose and vulnerable narcissism. In order to define these two manifestations, their relationship to personality factors has increasingly become of interest. However, so far no studies have considered the relationship between different phenotypes of narcissism and personality factors in adolescents. Method: In a cross-sectional study, we examine a group of adolescents (n = 98; average age 16...
May 24, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787593/improving-the-effectiveness-of-performance-feedback-by-considering-personality-traits-and-task-demands
#4
Victor Swift, Jordan B Peterson
Although performance feedback is widely employed as a means to improve motivation, the efficacy and reliability of performance feedback is often obscured by individual differences and situational variables. The joint role of these moderating variables remains unknown. Accordingly, we investigate how the motivational impact of feedback is moderated by personality and task-difficulty. Utilizing three samples (total N = 916), we explore how Big Five personality traits moderate the motivational impact of false positive and negative feedback on playful, neutral, and frustrating puzzle tasks, respectively...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781730/the-positive-side-of-effort-a-review-of-the-impact-of-motivation-and-engagement-on-neuropsychological-performance
#5
Benjamin D Hill, Stephen L Aita
Almost the entirety of research on effort in clinical neuropsychology has focused on negative aspects of effort in neuropsychological assessment, with most work over the last 20 years emphasizing feigned cognitive impairment. In contrast, few studies have explored trait-level positive influences on motivation and engagement in regard to neuropsychological testing. This paper reviews potential constructs associated with positive aspects of effort in neuropsychological testing, including conation, grit, Need for Cognition, and personality factors from the Five Factor Model of personality (Big Five)...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752830/associations-between-loneliness-and-personality-are-mostly-driven-by-a-genetic-association-with-neuroticism
#6
Abdel Abdellaoui, Hsi-Yuan Chen, Gonneke Willemsen, Erik A Ehli, Gareth E Davies, Karin J H Verweij, Michel G Nivard, Eco J C de Geus, Dorret I Boomsma, John T Cacioppo
OBJECTIVE: Loneliness is an aversive response to a discrepancy between desired and actual social relationships and correlates with personality. We investigate the relationship of loneliness and personality in twin-family and molecular genetic data. METHOD: Phenotypic correlations between loneliness and the Big Five personality traits were estimated in 29,625 adults, and in a group with genome-wide genotype data (N=4,222), genetic correlations were obtained. We explored whether genetic correlations may reflect causal relationships by investigating within monozygotic twin-pair differences (Npairs =2,662), by longitudinal within-subject changes in personality and loneliness (N=4,260-9,238 longitudinal comparisons), and by longitudinal cross-lagged panel analyses (N=15,628)...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748650/how-empathic-are-vegan-medical-professionals-compared-to-others-leads-from-a-paper-pencil-survey
#7
Christian S Kessler, Andreas Michalsen, Sophie Holler, Vijayendra S Murthy, Holger Cramer
The aim of this survey was to examine differences in personality profiles among 198 vegan (n = 64; 32.3%), vegetarian (n = 78; 39.4%) and omnivore (n = 55; 27.8%) medical professionals. Outcomes were motives for the nutritional approaches, WHO QoL-BREF, Big Five SOEP Inventory, Portraits Value Questionnaire, and Empathizing Scale. Regarding motives for particular diets, omnivores rated influence of guardians (p < 0.001), physical health (p = 0.017) and food taste (p = 0.001) as more and love of animals as less important (p < 0...
May 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746212/harnessing-omics-big-data-in-nine-vertebrate-species-by-genome-wide-prioritization-of-sequence-variants-with-the-highest-predicted-deleterious-effect-on-protein-function
#8
Vita Rozman, Tanja Kunej
Harnessing the genomics big data requires innovation in how we extract and interpret biologically relevant variants. Currently, there is no established catalog of prioritized missense variants associated with deleterious protein function phenotypes. We report in this study, to the best of our knowledge, the first genome-wide prioritization of sequence variants with the most deleterious effect on protein function (potentially deleterious variants [pDelVars]) in nine vertebrate species: human, cattle, horse, sheep, pig, dog, rat, mouse, and zebrafish...
May 10, 2018: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745690/are-personality-traits-and-relationship-characteristics-reciprocally-related-longitudinal-analyses-of-codevelopment-in-the-transition-out-of-high-school-and-beyond
#9
Jennifer Deventer, Jenny Wagner, Oliver Lüdtke, Ulrich Trautwein
Personality development has been associated with changes in various aspects of social relationships (e.g., contact frequency, emotional closeness, etc.). However, specific patterns of personality-relationship transactions are still not well understood as not many empirical studies have explored major life transitions. Emerging adulthood with its numerous life transitions is crucial for personality and social relationship development. In this study, we looked at personality-relationship transactions in the transition from high school to college, apprenticeship training, and so forth...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743876/examining-a-sequential-mediation-model-of-chinese-university-students-well-being-a-career-construction-perspective
#10
Mingke Zhuang, Zhuolin She, Zijun Cai, Zheng Huang, Qian Xiang, Ping Wang, Fei Zhu
Despite career construction theory attends to individual subjective career and provides a useful lens to study well-being, extant research has yielded limited insights into the mechanisms through which career construction variables influence individual well-being. To address this important gap, the present study examined a mediation model that links indicators of career adaptivity (big-five personality and approach/avoidance traits) to psychological well-being (psychological flourishing and life satisfaction) through career adaptability and in sequent meaning of life (presence of life meaning and search for life meaning) among a sample of Chinese university students ( N = 165)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727377/cardiovascular-nursing-science-priorities-a-statement-from-the-american-heart-association-council-on-cardiovascular-and-stroke-nursing
#11
Mariann R Piano, Nancy T Artinian, Holli A DeVon, Susan T Pressler, Kathleen T Hickey, Deborah A Chyun
BACKGROUND: The American Heart Association's (AHA) Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing (CVSN) plays a critical role in advancing the mission of the AHA in the discovery of new scientific knowledge. The aim was to identify priority research topics that would promote and improve cardiovascular (CV) health, provide direction for the education of future nurse scientists, and serve as a resource and catalyst for federal and organizational funding priorities. METHODS: A Qualtrics survey, which included 3 questions about priorities for CVSN nurse researchers, was sent to the CVSN Leadership Committee and all CVSN Fellows of the AHA (n = 208)...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723079/a-new-measure-of-life-satisfaction-the-riverside-life-satisfaction-scale
#12
Seth Margolis, Eric Schwitzgebel, Daniel J Ozer, Sonja Lyubomirsky
The Satisfaction With Life Scale (Diener, Emmons, Larsen, & Griffin, 1985) has been the dominant measure of life satisfaction since its creation more than 30 years ago. We sought to develop an improved measure that includes indirect indicators of life satisfaction (e.g., wishing to change one's life) to increase the bandwidth of the measure and account for acquiescence bias. In 3 studies, we developed a 6-item measure of life satisfaction, the Riverside Life Satisfaction Scale, and obtained reliability and validity evidence...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719525/personality-and-party-ideology-among-politicians-a-closer-look-at-political-elites-from-canada-and-belgium
#13
Jeroen K Joly, Joeri Hofmans, Peter Loewen
We examined the relationship between Big Five personality and the political ideology of elected politicians. To this end, we studied 303 politicians from Flanders, Wallonia, and Canada, relating their self-reported Big Five scores to a partisanship-based measure of political ideology. Our findings show that, in line with the congruency model of personality, Openness to Experience is the best and most consistent correlate of political ideology, with politicians high on Openness to Experience being more likely to be found among the more progressive left-wing political parties...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713299/regional-cultures-and-the-psychological-geography-of-switzerland-person-environment-fit-in-personality-predicts-subjective-wellbeing
#14
Friedrich M Götz, Tobias Ebert, Peter J Rentfrow
The present study extended traditional nation-based research on person-culture-fit to the regional level. First, we examined the geographical distribution of Big Five personality traits in Switzerland. Across the 26 Swiss cantons, unique patterns were observed for all traits. For Extraversion and Neuroticism clear language divides emerged between the French- and Italian-speaking South-West vs. the German-speaking North-East. Second, multilevel modeling demonstrated that person-environment-fit in Big Five, composed of elevation (i...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713270/eye-movements-during-everyday-behavior-predict-personality-traits
#15
Sabrina Hoppe, Tobias Loetscher, Stephanie A Morey, Andreas Bulling
Besides allowing us to perceive our surroundings, eye movements are also a window into our mind and a rich source of information on who we are, how we feel, and what we do. Here we show that eye movements during an everyday task predict aspects of our personality. We tracked eye movements of 42 participants while they ran an errand on a university campus and subsequently assessed their personality traits using well-established questionnaires. Using a state-of-the-art machine learning method and a rich set of features encoding different eye movement characteristics, we were able to reliably predict four of the Big Five personality traits (neuroticism, extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness) as well as perceptual curiosity only from eye movements...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707166/pre-deployment-dissociation-and-personality-as-risk-factors-for-post-deployment-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-danish-soldiers-deployed-to-afghanistan
#16
Beatriz Ponce de León, Søren Andersen, Karen-Inge Karstoft, Ask Elklit
Objective : This study investigated whether pre-deployment dissociation was associated with previously identified post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom trajectories from before to 2.5 years after military deployment. Furthermore, it examined whether the tendency to dissociate, pre-deployment personality factors, conceptualized by the Big Five model, and previous trauma represented independent risk factors for post-deployment PTSD symptoms. Method : This prospective study included the entire team of 743 soldiers from the Danish Contingent of the International Security Assistance Force 7 deployed to Afghanistan in 2009...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704236/are-reflective-models-appropriate-for-very-short-scales-proofs-of-concept-of-formative-models-using-the-ten-item-personality-inventory
#17
Nils Myszkowski, Martin Storme, Jean-Louis Tavani
OBJECTIVE: Because of their length and objective of broad content coverage, very short scales can show limited internal consistency and structural validity. We argue that it is because their objectives may be better aligned with formative investigations than with reflective measurement methods that capitalize on content overlap. As proofs of concept of formative investigations of short scales, we investigate the Ten Item Personality Inventory (TIPI). METHOD: In Study 1, we administered the TIPI and the Big Five Inventory (BFI) to 938 adults, and fitted a formative Multiple Indicator Multiple Causes model, which consisted of the TIPI items forming 5 latent variables, which in turn predicted the 5 BFI scores...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692209/the-relationship-between-frequency-of-performance-and-perceived-importance-of-health-behaviours
#18
Gabriel Nudelman, Eliza Ivanova
The relationship between performance of health behaviours and their perceived importance was examined among 250 adults. Frequency of performance and perceived importance of 21 health behaviours, self-assessed health and the Big Five personality traits were measured. As expected, importance and performance were positively correlated. Self-assessed health was more strongly associated with performance than importance, and a model wherein importance affects performance, which in turn affects self-assessed health, was superior to a model wherein performance affects importance...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683685/future-time-perspective-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Dorien T A M Kooij, Ruth Kanfer, Matt Betts, Cort W Rudolph
The ability to foresee, anticipate, and plan for future desired outcomes is crucial for well-being, motivation, and behavior. However, theories in organizational psychology do not incorporate time-related constructs such as Future Time Perspective (FTP), and research on FTP remains disjointed and scattered, with different domains focusing on different aspects of the construct, using different measures, and assessing different antecedents and consequences. In this review and meta-analysis, we aim to clarify the FTP construct, advance its theoretical development, and demonstrate its importance by (a) integrating theory and empirical findings across different domains of research to identify major outcomes and antecedents of FTP, and (b) empirically examining whether and how these variables are moderated by FTP measures and dimensions...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676605/meta-analysis-of-big-five-personality-traits-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Jennifer Lodi-Smith, Jonathan D Rodgers, Sara A Cunningham, Christopher Lopata, Marcus L Thomeer
The present meta-analysis synthesizes the emerging literature on the relationship of Big Five personality traits to autism spectrum disorder. Studies were included if they (1) either (a) measured autism spectrum disorder characteristics using a metric that yielded a single score quantification of the magnitude of autism spectrum disorder characteristics and/or (b) studied individuals with an autism spectrum disorder diagnosis compared to individuals without an autism spectrum disorder diagnosis and (2) measured Big Five traits in the same sample or samples...
April 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
keyword
keyword
41106
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"