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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922034/personality-traits-and-social-media-use-in-20-countries-how-personality-relates-to-frequency-of-social-media-use-social-media-news-use-and-social-media-use-for-social-interaction
#1
Homero Gil de Zúñiga, Trevor Diehl, Brigitte Huber, James Liu
This study examines the relationship between peoples' personality traits and social media uses with data from 20 societies (N = 21,314). A measure of the "Big Five" personality traits is tested on key social media dimensions: frequency of use, social interaction, and news consumption. Across diverse societies, findings suggest that while extraversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness are all positive predictors of different types of social media use, emotional stability and openness are negatively related to them...
September 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921930/big-five-aspects-of-personality-interact-to-predict-depression
#2
Timothy A Allen, Bridget E Carey, Carolina McBride, R Michael Bagby, Colin G DeYoung, Lena C Quilty
OBJECTIVE: Research has shown that three personality traits-neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness-moderate one another in a three-way interaction that predicts depressive symptoms in healthy populations. We test the hypothesis that this effect is driven by three-lower order traits: withdrawal, industriousness, and enthusiasm. We then replicate this interaction within a clinical population for the first time. METHOD: Sample 1 included 376 healthy adults...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919803/empirical-validation-of-the-horowitz-multiple-systemic-infectious-disease-syndrome-questionnaire-for-suspected-lyme-disease
#3
Maryalice Citera, Phyllis R Freeman, Richard I Horowitz
PURPOSE: Lyme disease is spreading worldwide, with multiple Borrelia species causing a broad range of clinical symptoms that mimic other illnesses. A validated Lyme disease screening questionnaire would be clinically useful for both providers and patients. Three studies evaluated such a screening tool, namely the Horowitz Multiple Systemic Infectious Disease Syndrome (MSIDS) Questionnaire. The purpose was to see if the questionnaire could accurately distinguish between Lyme patients and healthy individuals...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890652/personality-and-employment-transitions-at-older-ages-direct-and-indirect-effects-through-non-monetary-job-characteristics
#4
Marco Angrisani, Michael D Hurd, Erik Meijer, Andrew M Parker, Susann Rohwedder
We study whether individuals with different personality traits systematically exhibit different retirement trajectories. We find weak direct associations between personality and employment transitions. On the other hand, personality does contribute indirectly to these transitions by moderating the effects of non-monetary job characteristics. Specifically, workers with different traits are observed to follow different retirement paths when faced with similar physical demands, computer skills requirements, job flexibility and age discrimination in the workplace...
June 2017: Labour (Rome)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889809/leukocyte-telomere-length-and-personality-associations-with-the-big-five-and-type-d-personality-traits
#5
D Schoormans, J E Verhoeven, J Denollet, L van de Poll-Franse, B W J H Penninx
Backgrounds Accelerated cellular ageing, which can be examined by telomere length (TL), may be an overarching mechanism underlying the association between personality and adverse health outcomes. This 6-year longitudinal study examined the relation between personality and leukocyte telomere length (LTL) across time among adults with a wide age-range. METHODS: Data from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety were used and included patients with a depression and/or anxiety disorder and healthy controls...
September 11, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879537/assessing-reserve-building-pursuits-and-person-characteristics-psychometric-validation-of-the-reserve-building-measure
#6
Carolyn E Schwartz, Wesley Michael, Jie Zhang, Bruce D Rapkin, Mirjam A G Sprangers
AIMS: A growing body of research suggests that regularly engaging in stimulating activities across multiple domains-physical, cultural, intellectual, communal, and spiritual-builds resilience. This project investigated the psychometric characteristics of the DeltaQuest Reserve-Building Measure for use in prospective research. METHODS: The study included Rare Patient Voice panel participants. The web-based survey included the Reserve-Building Measure with one-week re-test, measures of quality of life (QOL) and well-being (PROMIS General Health; NeuroQOL Cognitive Function and Positive Affect & Well-Being short-forms; Ryff Environmental Mastery subscale); and the Big Five Inventory-10 personality measure...
September 6, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873265/dyadic-effects-of-coping-strategies-time-perspectives-and-personality-on-the-quality-of-life-of-cancer-patients-and-their-caregivers
#7
Zeinab Hamidou, Pascal Auquier, Tanguy Leroy, Fabrice Barlesi, Sébastien Salas, Olivier Chinot, Karine Baumstarck
OBJECTIVE: Researchers are interested in studying whether the quality of life (QoL) of cancer patients and caregivers is influenced by internal psycho-behavioral processes (temporality and coping strategies) and the personality traits that they or their relatives experience. We examined these associations in a sample of patient-caregiver dyads using the actor-partner interdependence model (APIM). METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 156 cancer patient-caregiver dyads...
September 5, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868947/structural-and-discriminant-validity-of-the-tripartite-model-of-mental-well-being-differential-relationships-with-the-big-five-traits
#8
Mohsen Joshanloo
BACKGROUND: The tripartite model of mental well-being offers a comprehensive account of the nature of mental well-being. According to this model, mental well-being is composed of three distinct yet related dimensions of subjective (hedonic), psychological and social well-being. AIMS: The present study investigated the structural and discriminant validity of the three well-being factors. METHODS: A large American sample (N = 2732) was used...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836718/the-personality-of-past-present-and-future-speech-language-pathology-students
#9
Nicole Byrne
BACKGROUND: As allied health professions change over time to keep up with and reflect a rapidly changing society, it is quite possible that the people attracted to the profession may also change. If this is the case, then knowing this could be critical for future workforce marketing, training and planning. AIMS: The aim was to investigate whether the personality of students entering a speech-language pathology (SLP) program had changed over time and whether there were generational differences in personality...
August 24, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818820/opportunities-of-mhealth-in-preconception-care-preferences-and-experiences-of-patients-and-health-care-providers-and-other-involved-professionals
#10
Matthijs R Van Dijk, Maria Ph Koster, Ageeth N Rosman, Regine Pm Steegers-Theunissen
BACKGROUND: The importance of the preconception period and preconception care (PCC) are broadly acknowledged and the potential benefits regarding health promotion have been studied extensively. PCC provides the opportunity to identify, prevent, and treat modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors to optimize the health of couples trying to become pregnant. The prevalence of modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors in these couples is high, but the uptake of PCC remains low. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to identify the preferences and experiences of women and men (patients) trying to become pregnant and of health care providers and other involved professionals regarding mobile health (mHealth), in particular the coaching platform Smarter Pregnancy, and its potential role in PCC...
August 17, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817642/data-sharing-as-social-dilemma-influence-of-the-researcher-s-personality
#11
Stephanie B Linek, Benedikt Fecher, Sascha Friesike, Marcel Hebing
It is widely acknowledged that data sharing has great potential for scientific progress. However, so far making data available has little impact on a researcher's reputation. Thus, data sharing can be conceptualized as a social dilemma. In the presented study we investigated the influence of the researcher's personality within the social dilemma of data sharing. The theoretical background was the appropriateness framework. We conducted a survey among 1564 researchers about data sharing, which also included standardized questions on selected personality factors, namely the so-called Big Five, Machiavellianism and social desirability...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810502/brief-report-how-short-is-too-short-an-ultra-brief-measure-of-the-big-five-personality-domains-implicates-agreeableness-as-a-risk-for-all-cause-mortality
#12
Benjamin P Chapman, Ari J Elliot
Controversy exists over the use of brief Big Five scales in health studies. We investigated links between an ultra-brief measure, the Big Five Inventory-10, and mortality in the General Social Survey. The Agreeableness scale was associated with elevated mortality risk (hazard ratio = 1.26, p = .017). This effect was attributable to the reversed-scored item "Tends to find fault with others," so that greater fault-finding predicted lower mortality risk. The Conscientiousness scale approached meta-analytic estimates, which were not precise enough for significance...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795158/replication-and-characterization-of-cadm2-and-msra-genes-on-human-behavior
#13
Brian Boutwell, David Hinds, Jorim Tielbeek, Ken K Ong, Felix R Day, John R B Perry
Progress identifying the genetic determinants of personality has historically been slow, with candidate gene studies and small-scale genome-wide association studies yielding few reproducible results. In the UK Biobank study, genetic variants in CADM2 and MSRA were recently shown to influence risk taking behavior and irritability respectively, representing some of the first genomic loci to be associated with aspects of personality. We extend this observation by performing a personality "phenome-scan" across 16 traits in up to 140,487 participants from 23andMe for these two genes...
July 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769751/neuronal-correlates-of-individual-differences-in-the-big-five-personality-traits-evidences-from-cortical-morphology-and-functional-homogeneity
#14
Ting Li, Xu Yan, Yuan Li, Junjie Wang, Qiang Li, Hong Li, Junfeng Li
There have been many neuroimaging studies of human personality traits, and it have already provided glimpse into the neurobiology of complex traits. And most of previous studies adopt voxel-based morphology (VBM) analysis to explore the brain-personality mechanism from two levels (vertex and regional based), the findings are mixed with great inconsistencies and the brain-personality relations are far from a full understanding. Here, we used a new method of surface-based morphology (SBM) analysis, which provides better alignment of cortical landmarks to generate about the associations between cortical morphology and the personality traits across 120 healthy individuals at both vertex and regional levels...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756337/epilepsy-related-romantic-and-sexual-relationship-problems-and-concerns-indications-from-internet-message-boards
#15
Wendy R Miller, Amanda N Gesselman, Justin R Garcia, Doyle Groves, Janice M Buelow
The objective of this study was to, utilizing a Big Data set and innovative methods, explore romantic and sexual relationship-related concerns among people with epilepsy and their partners. We applied Word Adjacency Graph modeling to more than 2000 message board posts, and five distinct categories of romantic and sexual relationship-related concerns emerged. We conclude that persons with epilepsy are at particular risk for the experience of decrements in their romantic and sexual relationships, which can negatively impact their self-management and overall health...
July 27, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746388/the-role-of-personality-in-health-care-use-results-of-a-population-based-longitudinal-study-in-germany
#16
André Hajek, Jens-Oliver Bock, Hans-Helmut König
OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of personality in health care use longitudinally. METHODS: Data were derived from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP), a nationally representative, longitudinal cohort study of German households starting in 1984. Concentrating on the role of personality, we used data from the years 2005, 2009 and 2013. Personality was measured by using the GSOEP Big Five Inventory (BFI-S). Number of physician visits in the last 3 months and hospital stays in the last year were used as measures of health care use...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745427/relationship-between-work-family-balance-and-job-satisfaction-among-employees-in-china-a-moderated-mediation-model
#17
Yue Yu, Yuchen Wang, Jianxin Zhang
Previous studies have revealed the association between work-family balance and job satisfaction. The present research further explored the underlying mechanism of this association and aimed to provide a moderated mediation model to explain if personality traits moderate the relationship between work-family balance and job satisfaction through work engagement. A cross-sectional study was conducted in which 263 employees from a petrochemical enterprise in China completed self-report questionnaires including the Work-Family Balance Scale, the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, the Big Five Inventory-10, and the Job Satisfaction Scale...
July 26, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742408/risk-competence-in-dealing-with-alcohol-and-other-drugs-in-adolescence
#18
Ede Nagy, Rolf Verres, Dennis Grevenstein
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a critical phase for the development substance use patterns. We propose that individual competence in dealing with psychoactive substances is crucial for the development of healthy substance use behavior and prevention of substance misuse or addiction. OBJECTIVES: We present a new concept of health related skills in dealing with alcohol and other drugs in adolescence, its operationalization and validation. Our conception of risk competence (RICO) consists of the four major factors being Reflective, Informed, Self-Controlled and Life-Oriented, and their sub-facets...
July 25, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736483/predicting-romantic-interest-at-zero-acquaintance-evidence-of-sex-differences-in-trait-perception-but-not-in-predictors-of-interest
#19
Sally G Olderbak, Frederic Malter, Pedro Sofio Abril Wolf, Daniel N Jones, Aurelio José Figueredo
We evaluated five competing hypotheses about what predicts romantic interest. Through a half-block quasi-experimental design, a large sample of young adults (i.e., responders; n = 335) viewed videos of opposite-sex persons (i.e., targets) talking about themselves and responders rated the targets' traits and their romantic interest in the target. We tested whether similarity, dissimilarity, or overall trait levels on mate value, physical attractiveness, life history strategy, and the Big-Five personality factors predicted romantic interest at zero acquaintance, and whether sex acted as a moderator...
January 2017: European Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732750/personality-predicts-the-vibrancy-of-colour-imagery-the-case-of-synaesthesia
#20
Shyla R Hossain, Julia Simner, Alberta Ipser
In this study we show that personality traits predict the physical qualities of mentally generated colours, using the case of synaesthesia. Developmental grapheme-colour synaesthetes have the automatic lifelong association of colours paired to letters or digits. Although these colours are internal mental constructs, they can be measured along physical dimensions such as saturation and luminance. The personality of synaesthetes can also be quantified using self-report questionnaires relating, for example, to the five major traits of Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism, and Openness to Experience...
July 1, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
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