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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631978/structural-and-predictive-properties-of-the-emotional-quotient-inventory-youth-version-short-form-eq-i-yv-s
#1
Sarah K Davis, Michael Wigelsworth
Emotional intelligence (EI) is a popular construct with concentrated areas of application in education and health contexts. There is a need for reliable and valid measurement of EI in young people, with brief yet sensitive measures of the construct preferable for use in time-limited settings. However, the proliferation of EI measures has often outpaced rigorous psychometric evaluation (Gignac, 2009 ). Using data from 849 adolescents (407 females, 422 males) aged 11 to 16 years (M age 13.4, SD = 1.2 years), this article systematically examines the structural and predictive properties of a frequently employed measure of adolescent trait EI-the Emotional Quotient Inventory Youth Version-Short Form (EQ-i:YV[S]); Bar-On & Parker, 2000 )...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629410/he-s-just-content-to-sit-a-qualitative-study-of-mothers-perceptions-of-infant-obesity-and-physical-activity
#2
Danae Dinkel, Kailey Snyder, Anastasia Kyvelidou, Victoria Molfese
BACKGROUND: Rates of obesity among children ages zero to five are rapidly increasing. Greater efforts are needed to promote healthy behaviors of young children. Mothers are especially important targets for promoting health as mothers' views play a vital role in helping their children foster healthy habits from an early age. Research has found parents' views of infants' weight may influence their feeding practices; however, limited research has explored mothers' view of infants' weight in relation to the promotion of physical activity...
June 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628620/prevalence-and-determinants-of-online-sex-use-in-the-german-population
#3
Manfred E Beutel, Sebastian Giralt, Klaus Wölfling, Yve Stöbel-Richter, Claudia Subic-Wrana, Iris Reiner, Ana Nanette Tibubos, Elmar Brähler
INTRODUCTION: The unlimited access to sexual features in the World Wide Web has raised concerns about excessive and problematic online-sex use. However, little is known about antecedents of internet-sex use of different intensity. Based on a representative German sample of 2,522 participants between the ages of 14 and 97 years, the aims of the present study were (1) to determine the prevalence rates of online-sex users with the short version (ISSTGSV) of the Internet Sex Screening Test and (2) to associate online-sex use with anxious vs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617026/-the-next-big-five-inventory-bfi-2-developing-and-assessing-a-hierarchical-model-with-15-facets-to-enhance-bandwidth-fidelity-and-predictive-power-correction-to-soto-and-john-2016
#4
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "The Next Big Five Inventory (BFI-2): Developing and Assessing a Hierarchical Model With 15 Facets to Enhance Bandwidth, Fidelity, and Predictive Power" by Christopher J. Soto and Oliver P. John (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Apr 7, 2016, np). In the article, all citations to McCrae and Costa (2008), except for the instance in which it appears in the first paragraph of the introduction, should instead appear as McCrae and Costa (2010). The complete citation should read as follows: McCrae, R...
July 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611410/politeness-and-compassion-differentially-predict-adherence-to-fairness-norms-and-interventions-to-norm-violations-in-economic-games
#5
Kun Zhao, Eamonn Ferguson, Luke D Smillie
Adherence to norms and interventions to norm violations are two important forms of social behaviour modelled in economic games. While both appear to serve a prosocial function, they may represent separate mechanisms corresponding with distinct emotional and psychological antecedents, and thus may be predicted by different personality traits. In this study, we compared adherence to fairness norms in the dictator game with responses to violations of the same norms in third-party punishment and recompensation games with respect to prosocial traits from the Big Five and HEXACO models of personality...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603508/not-all-selfies-took-alike-distinct-selfie-motivations-are-related-to-different-personality-characteristics
#6
Shir Etgar, Yair Amichai-Hamburger
Selfies have become a frequent and commonplace occurrence, though the reasons which lead people to take selfies remain unclear. This research explores what motivates selfie taking, and suggests that this is not a uniform phenomenon and varying motivations may be found among selfie takers. In addition, the connection between these distinct selfie motivations and personality characteristics, including the big five, narcissism, and self-esteem, as well as types of selfie behaviors are examined. At the first stage of the research, 117 participants filled out a questionnaire dealing with their reasons for taking selfies...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594200/a-mixed-methods-study-of-personality-conceptions-in-the-levant-jordan-lebanon-syria-and-the-west-bank
#7
Pia Zeinoun, Lina Daouk-Öyry, Lina Choueiri, Fons J R van de Vijver
Personality taxonomies are investigated using either etic-style studies that test whether Western-developed models fit in a new culture, or emic-style studies that derive personality dimensions from a local culture, using a psycholexical approach. Recent studies have incorporated strengths from both approaches. We combine the 2 approaches in the first study of personality descriptors in spoken Arabic. In Study 1, we collected 17,283 responses from a sample of adults in Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, and the West Bank (N = 545)...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583005/development-and-validation-of-the-faceted-inventory-of-the-five-factor-model-fi-ffm
#8
David Watson, Ericka Nus, Kevin D Wu
The Faceted Inventory of the Five-Factor Model (FI-FFM) is a comprehensive hierarchical measure of personality. The FI-FFM was created across five phases of scale development. It includes five facets apiece for neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness; four facets within agreeableness; and three facets for openness. We present reliability and validity data obtained from three samples. The FI-FFM scales are internally consistent and highly stable over 2 weeks (retest rs ranged from .64 to .82, median r = ...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582948/the-big-sell-managing-stigma-and-workplace-discrimination-following-moderate-to-severe-brain-injury
#9
Mary Stergiou-Kita, Alisa Grigorovich, Thecla Damianakis, Guylaine Le Dorze, Christine David, Carolyn Lemsky, Debbie Hebert
BACKGROUND: Misperceptions regarding persons with brain injuries (PWBI) can lead to stigmatization, workplace discrimination and, in turn, influence PWBIs full vocational integration. OBJECTIVE: In this study we explored how stigma may influence return-to-work processes, experiences of stigma and discrimination at the workplace for persons with (moderate to severe) brain injuries, and strategies that can be employed to manage disclosure. METHODS: Exploratory qualitative study; used in-depth interviews and an inductive thematic analytical approach in data analysis...
June 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579657/from-elementary-school-to-midlife-childhood-personality-predicts-behavior-during-cognitive-testing-over-four-decades-later
#10
Christopher S Nave, Grant W Edmonds, Sarah E Hampson, Theresa Murzyn, Kyle S Sauerberger
The current study uses a prospective, longitudinal design and lifespan perspective to understand how child personality relates to directly observed adult behavior during cognitive testing. Teacher assessments of child Big Five personality in elementary school were correlated with directly observed behaviors during a videotaped cognitive test four decades later. Past work suggested Openness and Conscientiousness may relate to task-relevant academic behaviors. Childhood Openness was associated with several behaviors, even after controlling for participant's cognitive performance...
April 2017: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558628/the-hexaco-model-of-personality-and-risky-driving-behavior
#11
Vlad Burtăverde, Mihaela Chraif, Mihai Aniţei, Daniela Dumitru
This research tested the association between the HEXACO personality model and risky driving behavior as well as the predictive power of the HEXACO model in explaining risky driving behavior compared with the Big Five model. In Sample 1, 227 undergraduate students completed measures of the HEXACO personality model, the Big Five model, and driving aggression. In Sample 2, 244 community respondents completed measures of the HEXACO personality model, the Big Five model, and driving styles. Results showed that the Honesty-Humility factor is an important addition to personality models that aim to explain risky driving behavior as being related to all forms of driving aggression as well as to maladaptive and adaptive driving styles and having incremental validity in predicting verbally aggressive expression, risky driving, high-velocity driving, and careful driving...
April 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558609/reliability-and-construct-validity-of-the-portuguese-version-of-the-psychological-capital-questionnaire
#12
Ana Cristina Antunes, António Caetano, Miguel Pina E Cunha
The Psychological Capital Questionnaire (PCQ) is the most commonly used measure for assessing psychological capital in work settings. Although several studies confirmed its factorial validity, most validation studies only examined the four-factor structure preconized by Luthans, Youssef, and Avolio, not attending to empirical evidence on alternative factorial structures. The present study aimed to test the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the PCQ, by using two independent samples (NS1 = 542; NS2 = 115) of Portuguese employees...
June 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557472/openness-to-experience-and-culture-openness-transactions-across-the-lifespan
#13
Ted Schwaba, Maike Luhmann, Jaap J A Denissen, Joanne M Chung, Wiebke Bleidorn
We examined the life span development of openness to experience and tested whether change in this personality trait was associated with change in cultural activity, such as attending the opera or visiting museums. Data came from the Dutch Longitudinal Internet Study for the Social Sciences panel, which includes 5 personality assessments across a 7-year period of a nationally representative sample of 7,353 individuals, aged 16 to 95 years. Latent growth curve analyses indicated that on average, openness remained relatively stable in emerging adulthood before declining in midlife and old age...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534023/sexting-prevalence-predictors-and-associated-sexual-risk-behaviors-among-postsecondary-school-young-people-in-ibadan-nigeria
#14
Oluwatoyin Olatunde, Folusho Balogun
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Sending and receiving sexually suggestive or explicit images or texts (sexting) have been shown to be associated with health risk behaviors but literature about this phenomenon is scarce in Nigeria. This study looked at the prevalence, predictors, and associated sexual risk behaviors of sexting among postsecondary school young persons in Ibadan, Nigeria. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire. Data were obtained for sociodemographic characteristics and sexual orientation, sexting behavior, personality assessment (using the International Personality Item Pool Big-Five factor markers), indicators for problematic phone use (using Mobile Phone Problem Use Scale), and sexual behavior...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533504/identification-of-genetic-loci-shared-between-schizophrenia-and-the-big-five-personality-traits
#15
Olav B Smeland, Yunpeng Wang, Min-Tzu Lo, Wen Li, Oleksandr Frei, Aree Witoelar, Martin Tesli, David A Hinds, Joyce Y Tung, Srdjan Djurovic, Chi-Hua Chen, Anders M Dale, Ole A Andreassen
Schizophrenia is associated with differences in personality traits, and recent studies suggest that personality traits and schizophrenia share a genetic basis. Here we aimed to identify specific genetic loci shared between schizophrenia and the Big Five personality traits using a Bayesian statistical framework. Using summary statistics from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) on personality traits in the 23andMe cohort (n = 59,225) and schizophrenia in the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium cohort (n = 82,315), we evaluated overlap in common genetic variants...
May 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509384/individual-differences-in-personality-change-across-the-adult-lifespan
#16
Ted Schwaba, Wiebke Bleidorn
OBJECTIVE: A precise and comprehensive description of personality continuity and change across the lifespan is the bedrock upon which theories of personality development are built. Little research has quantified the degree to which individuals deviate from mean-level developmental trends. In this study, we addressed this gap by examining individual differences in personality trait change across the life span. METHOD: Data came from a nationally representative sample of 9,636 Dutch participants who provided Big Five self-reports at five assessment waves across 7 years...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509383/arab-levantine-personality-structure-a-psycholexical-study-of-modern-standard-arabic-in-lebanon-syria-jordan-and-the-west-bank
#17
Pia Zeinoun, Lina Daouk-Öyry, Lina Choueiri, Fons J R van de Vijver
OBJECTIVE: The debate of whether personality traits are universal or culture-specific has been informed by psycholexical (or lexical) studies conducted in tens of languages and cultures. We contribute to this debate through a series of studies in which we investigated personality descriptors in Modern Standard Arabic, the variety of Arabic that is presumably common to about 26 countries and native to more than 200 million people. METHOD: We identified an appropriate source of personality descriptors, extracted them, and systematically reduced them to 167 personality traits that are common, are not redundant with each other, and are familiar and commonly understood in Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and the West Bank (Palestinian Territories)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488040/the-role-of-serotonin-in-personality-inference-tryptophan-depletion-impairs-the-identification-of-neuroticism-in-the-face
#18
Robert Ward, Shubha Sreenivas, Judi Read, Kate E A Saunders, Robert D Rogers
Serotonergic mechanisms mediate the expression of personality traits (such as impulsivity, aggression and anxiety) that are linked to vulnerability to psychological illnesses, and modulate the identification of emotional expressions in the face as well as learning about broader classes of appetitive and aversive signals. Faces with neutral expressions signal a variety of socially relevant information, such that inferences about the big five personality traits, including Neuroticism, Extraversion and Agreeableness, can be accurately made on the basis of emotionally neutral facial photographs...
May 9, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476104/a-cross-sectional-study-about-associations-between-personality-characteristics-and-mental-health-service-utilization-in-a-korean-national-community-sample-of-adults-with-psychiatric-disorders
#19
Subin Park, Yeeun Lee, Su Jeong Seong, Sung Man Chang, Jun Young Lee, Bong Jin Hahm, Jin Pyo Hong
BACKGROUND: Personality traits are not only associated with psychiatric symptoms, but also with treatment seeking behavior. Our purpose was to examine the relationship between mental health service utilization and personality characteristics in a nationwide community sample of Korean adults. METHOD: Of the 6022 subjects aged 18-74 years who participated in the Korean Epidemiologic Catchment Area study, 1544 (25.6%) with a lifetime diagnosis of any DSM-IV psychiatric disorder were analyzed...
May 5, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473794/experimentally-manipulating-items-informs-on-the-limited-construct-and-criterion-validity-of-the-humor-styles-questionnaire
#20
Willibald Ruch, Sonja Heintz
How strongly does humor (i.e., the construct-relevant content) in the Humor Styles Questionnaire (HSQ; Martin et al., 2003) determine the responses to this measure (i.e., construct validity)? Also, how much does humor influence the relationships of the four HSQ scales, namely affiliative, self-enhancing, aggressive, and self-defeating, with personality traits and subjective well-being (i.e., criterion validity)? The present paper answers these two questions by experimentally manipulating the 32 items of the HSQ to only (or mostly) contain humor (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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