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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346115/the-malevolent-side-of-human-nature
#1
Peter Muris, Harald Merckelbach, Henry Otgaar, Ewout Meijer
The term dark triad refers to the constellation of narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy. Over the past few years, the concept has gained momentum, with many researchers assuming that the dark triad is a prominent antecedent of transgressive and norm-violating behavior. Our purpose in this meta-analytic review was to evaluate (a) interrelations among narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy; (b) gender differences in these traits; (c) how these traits are linked to normal personality factors; and (d) the psychosocial correlates of the dark triad...
March 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344979/psychological-profile-of-individuals-presenting-with-chronic-cough
#2
Katrin Hulme, Vincent Deary, Sian Dogan, Sean M Parker
Chronic refractory cough (CRC) is a common problem in respiratory clinics. Adverse effects on quality of life are documented in the literature, but relatively little is known about the underlying psychological factors in this patient population. We aimed to investigate the association of psychological factors with chronic cough, comparing CRC to explained cough and non-cough groups. 67 patients attending a specialist cough clinic (CRC, n=25; explained cough, n=42) and 22 non-cough individuals participated. All participants completed the Hospital Anxiety & Depression Scale, Big Five Inventory (Personality), Chalder Fatigue Scale and Patient Health Questionnaire-15...
January 2017: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343116/health-and-weight-gender-specific-linkages-under-heterogeneity-interdependence-and-resilience-factors
#3
Olaf Hübler
Many studies have shown that obesity is a serious health problem for our society. Empirical analyses often neglect a number of methodological issues and relevant influences on health. This paper investigates empirically whether neglecting these items leads to systematically different estimates. Based on data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, this study derives the following results. (1) Many combinations of weight and height lead to the same health status. (2) The relationship between health and body mass index is nonlinear...
March 11, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337368/do-personality-and-organizational-politics-predict-workplace-victimization-a-study-among-ghanaian-employees
#4
Kwesi Amponsah-Tawiah, Francis Annor
BACKGROUND: Workplace victimization is considered a major social stressor with significant implications for the wellbeing of employees and organizations. The aim of this study was to examine the influences of employees' personality traits and organizational politics on workplace victimization among Ghanaian employees. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, data were collected from 631 employees selected from diverse occupations through convenience sampling. Data collection tools were standardized questionnaires that measured experiences of negative acts at work (victimization), the Big Five personality traits, and organizational politics...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326057/psychometric-properties-of-the-chinese-shortened-version-of-the-zuckerman-kuhlman-personality-questionnaire-in-a-sample-of-adolescents-and-young-adults
#5
Daoyang Wang, Mingming Hu, Chanjin Zheng, Zhengguang Liu
Introduction: The original 89-item Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire (form III Revised, ZKPQ-III-R) is a widely accepted and used self-report measure for personality traits. This study assessed the reliability and construct validity of the Chinese short 46-item version of the ZKPQ-III-R in a sample of adolescents and young adults. Methodology: A total of 1,019 Chinese adolescents and young adults completed the Chinese version of the original 89-item version ZKPQ-III-R and short 46-item version ZKPQ-III-R, self-report measures of depression, life satisfaction, and subjective health complaints (SHC), the Big Five personality traits, and a substance use risk profile...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295750/vulnerability-to-burnout-within-the-nursing-workforce-the-role-of-personality-and-interpersonal-behaviour
#6
Nina Geuens, Peter Van Bogaert, Erik Franck
AIM: To study the combination of personality and interpersonal behaviour of staff nurses in general hospitals in relation to burnout and its separate dimensions. BACKGROUND: More research on the individual factors contributing to the development of burnout is needed to improve the risk profile of nursing staff. Therefore, a combination of Leary's Interpersonal Circumplex Model, which depicts the interpersonal behaviour trait domain, and the Five Factor Model was considered in the study at hand...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293047/personality-driving-behavior-and-mental-disorders-factors-as-predictors-of-road-traffic-accidents-based-on-logistic-regression
#7
Seyyed Salman Alavi, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Hamid Souri, Soroush Mohammadi Kalhori, Fereshteh Jannatifard, Ghazal Sepahbodi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of variables such as personality traits, driving behavior and mental illness on road traffic accidents among the drivers with accidents and those without road crash. METHODS: In this cohort study, 800 bus and truck drivers were recruited. Participants were selected among drivers who referred to Imam Sajjad Hospital (Tehran, Iran) during 2013-2015. The Manchester driving behavior questionnaire (MDBQ), big five personality test (NEO personality inventory) and semi-structured interview (schizophrenia and affective disorders scale) were used...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280478/an-examination-of-personality-traits-associated-with-autonomous-sensory-meridian-response-asmr
#8
Beverley Fredborg, Jim Clark, Stephen D Smith
Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response (ASMR) is a perceptual condition in which the presentation of particular audio-visual stimuli triggers intense, pleasurable tingling sensations in the head and neck regions, which may spread to the periphery of the body. These triggering stimuli are often socially intimate in nature, and usually involve repetition of movements and/or sounds (e.g., hearing whispering, watching someone brush her hair). Reports of ASMR experiences first appeared in online communities in 2010; since this time, these communities have expanded, with some groups consisting of over 100,000 members...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280279/behavioural-phenotypes-and-the-structure-of-human-cognition
#9
Dana Bentzen-Bilkvist, Andrea Migliano, Lucio Vinicius
Human cognitive uniqueness is often defined in terms of cognitive abilities such as introspection, imitation and cooperativeness. However, little is known about how those traits vary in populations or correlate across individuals. Here we test whether those three cognitive domains are correlated manifestations of an underlying factor, analogous to the psychometric 'g' factor, or independent 'behavioural phenotypes', analogous to the 'Big-Five' personality components. We selected eight variables measuring introspection and extraversion, verbal and physical imitation, cooperation and punishment, and evaluated their individual variability, domain-consistency and sub-structuring in a sample of 84 individuals...
2017: Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277701/does-personality-predict-health-and-well-being-a-metasynthesis
#10
Jason E Strickhouser, Ethan Zell, Zlatan Krizan
OBJECTIVE: To derive a robust and comprehensive estimate of the overall relation between Big Five personality traits and health variables using metasynthesis (i.e., second-order meta-analysis). METHOD: Thirty-six meta-analyses, which collectively provided 150 meta-analytic effects from over 500,000 participants, met criteria for inclusion in the metasynthesis. Information on methodological quality as well as the type of health outcome, unreliability adjustment, population sampled, health outcome source, personality source, and research design was extracted from each meta-analysis...
March 9, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276935/personality-and-sexual-orientation-extension-to-asexuality-and-the-hexaco-model
#11
Anthony F Bogaert, Michael C Ashton, Kibeom Lee
Previous research has examined self-identified sexual orientation in relation to self-reports on the Big Five personality factors. Here we extend this research by including asexuality as a fourth sexual orientation and by assessing the HEXACO personality factors, using self-report data from a large anonymous online sample (N ≈ 100,000). A large overlap was observed among all sexual orientation groups on all six HEXACO dimensions, but notable group differences also emerged. All nonheterosexual groups, particularly bisexual people, averaged higher in openness to experience than did heterosexuals...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274213/how-do-medical-students-engaging-in-elective-courses-on-acupuncture-and-homeopathy-differ-from-unselected-students-a-survey
#12
Alexandra Jocham, Levente Kriston, Pascal O Berberat, Antonius Schneider, Klaus Linde
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate whether students at German medical schools participating in elective courses on acupuncture and homeopathy differ from an unselected group of students regarding attitudes and personality traits. METHODS: Elective courses on acupuncture and homeopathy in the academic half-year 2013/14 all over Germany were identified and participants invited to fill in a questionnaire including nineteen questions on attitudes towards Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM), orientation towards science, care and status orientation, and a short validated instrument (Big-Five-Inventory-10) to measure personality traits (extraversion, neuroticism, openness, conscientiousness, and agreeableness)...
March 9, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263278/international-nursing-research-on-the-correlation-between-empathy-and-china-s-big-five-personality-theory-implications-for-nursing-leaders
#13
Cong Wang, Qin Wu, Mei Feng, Qunfang Wan, Xiaoling Wu
To investigate the characteristics of nurses' empathy and explore the correlation between nurses' empathy and personality, a cross-sectional study with 250 nurses from a general hospital in China was conducted using the Chinese Big Five Personality Inventory (CBF-PI) and the Jefferson Scale of Empathy-Health Professionals (JSE-HP). The total score of the JSE-HP was 110.60 (SD = 11.71). Employment forms and child-rearing situations were the significant predictors of the JSE-HP score. Multiple hierarchical regression analysis indicated that the JSE-HP score was positively correlated with conscientiousness and agreeableness and the contribution of CBF-PI to JSE-HP scale variances was 15...
April 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259799/gray-and-white-matter-correlates-of-the-big-five-personality-traits
#14
Jesús Privado, Francisco J Román, Carlota Saénz-Urturi, Miguel Burgaleta, Roberto Colom
Personality neuroscience defines the scientific study of the neurobiological basis of personality. This field assumes that individual differences in personality traits are related with structural and functional variations of the human brain. Gray and white matters are structural properties considered separately in previous research. Available findings in this regard are largely disparate. Here we analyze the relationships between gray matter (cortical thickness (CT), cortical surface area (CSA), and cortical volume) and integrity scores obtained after several white matter tracts connecting different brain regions, with individual differences in the personality traits comprised by the Five-Factor Model (extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness to experience)...
March 1, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258585/self-other-agreement-and-metaperception-accuracy-across-the-big-five-examining-the-roles-of-depression-and-self-esteem
#15
Daniel Moritz, John E Roberts
OBJECTIVES: The ability to judge other people's personality characteristics and to know how we are viewed by others are important aspects of social cognition. The present study tested the impact of depressive symptoms and low self-esteem on self-other agreement and the accuracy of metaperception (i.e., how we believe that others view us) across the Big-5 dimensions of personality. METHOD: Participants who varied in depressive symptoms engaged in a 10 minute "getting to know you" interaction in dyads...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253001/big-five-personality-stability-change-and-codevelopment-across-adolescence-and-early-adulthood
#16
Jeroen Borghuis, Jaap J A Denissen, Daniel Oberski, Klaas Sijtsma, Wim H J Meeus, Susan Branje, Hans M Koot, Wiebke Bleidorn
Using data from 2 large and overlapping cohorts of Dutch adolescents, containing up to 7 waves of longitudinal data each (N = 2,230), the present study examined Big Five personality trait stability, change, and codevelopment in friendship and sibling dyads from age 12 to 22. Four findings stand out. First, the 1-year rank-order stability of personality traits was already substantial at age 12, increased strongly from early through middle adolescence, and remained rather stable during late adolescence and early adulthood...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252974/validation-of-the-narcissistic-admiration-and-rivalry-questionnaire-short-scale-narq-s-in-convenience-and-representative-samples
#17
Marius Leckelt, Eunike Wetzel, Tanja M Gerlach, Robert A Ackerman, Joshua D Miller, William J Chopik, Lars Penke, Katharina Geukes, Albrecht C P Küfner, Roos Hutteman, David Richter, Karl-Heinz Renner, Marc Allroggen, Courtney Brecheen, W Keith Campbell, Igor Grossmann, Mitja D Back
Due to increased empirical interest in narcissism across the social sciences, there is a need for inventories that can be administered quickly while also reliably measuring both the agentic and antagonistic aspects of grandiose narcissism. In this study, we sought to validate the factor structure, provide representative descriptive data and reliability estimates, assess the reliability across the trait spectrum, and examine the nomological network of the short version of the Narcissistic Admiration and Rivalry Questionnaire (NARQ-S; Back et al...
March 2, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250433/signatures-of-personality-on-dense-3d-facial-images
#18
Sile Hu, Jieyi Xiong, Pengcheng Fu, Lu Qiao, Jingze Tan, Li Jin, Kun Tang
It has long been speculated that cues on the human face exist that allow observers to make reliable judgments of others' personality traits. However, direct evidence of association between facial shapes and personality is missing from the current literature. This study assessed the personality attributes of 834 Han Chinese volunteers (405 males and 429 females), utilising the five-factor personality model ('Big Five'), and collected their neutral 3D facial images. Dense anatomical correspondence was established across the 3D facial images in order to allow high-dimensional quantitative analyses of the facial phenotypes...
December 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238826/environmental-factors-and-teenagers-personalities-the-role-of-personal-and-familial-socio-cultural-level
#19
Elisa Menardo, Giulia Balboni, Roberto Cubelli
Environmental (e.g., socio-cultural context), individual (e.g., genetic makeup), and interpersonal (e.g., caregiver-children relationships) factors can play a crucial role in shaping the development of the teenagers' personality. In this study, we focused on the Socio-Cultural Level that designates the set of preferences, knowledge and behaviors that characterize an individual's way of life and depend on his or her cultural, social and economic resources. We studied the relationship between Socio-Cultural Level (personal, maternal and paternal) and Big Five personality traits of 191 teenagers living in the same geographical area...
February 23, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236293/adolescents-prosocial-behavior-predicts-good-grades-beyond-intelligence-and-personality-traits
#20
Maria Gerbino, Antonio Zuffianò, Nancy Eisenberg, Valeria Castellani, Bernadette Paula Luengo Kanacri, Concetta Pastorelli, Gian Vittorio Caprara
OBJECTIVE: Researchers have demonstrated the prediction of academic functioning by children's prosocial behavior (PB). The goal of our study was to examine the contribution of adolescents' PB for middle and senior high school grades after controlling for stability of achievement and for intelligence, Big Five traits, and socio-demographic variables (i.e., sex and SES). METHOD: Study 1 examined on 165 adolescents (48.5% boys) the prediction by peer-reported PB in 7th grade of academic achievement at the end of junior high school, after controlling for the above variables...
February 25, 2017: Journal of Personality
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