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Companion animal

Jessica S Dalley, Patricia R Creary, Tiffany Durzi, C Meghan McMurtry
Although there are existing guidelines for teaching and learning skillful client communication, there remains a need to integrate a developmental focus into veterinary medical curricula to prepare students for interactions with children who accompany their companion animals. The objectives of this Teaching Tip are (1) to describe the use of a Teddy Bear Clinic Tour as an innovative, applied practice method for teaching veterinary students about clinical communication with children, and (2) to provide accompanying resources to enable use of this method to teach clinical communication at other facilities...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Leila Sabrina Ullmann, Ramiro das Neves Dias-Neto, Didier Quevedo Cagnini, Ricardo Seiti Yamatogi, Jose Paes Oliveira-Filho, Viviane Nemer, Rodrigo Hidalgo Friciello Teixeira, Alexander Welker Biondo, João Pessoa Araújo
BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium is an important zoonotic agent with companion, livestock and wildlife animals reportedly playing a role as reservoirs. Although its association with reptiles has been described, the disease cycle remains to be fully established, particularly in snakes. Accordingly, this study aimed to report the occurrence of mycobacteriosis with clinical pneumonia in one exotic python snake (Python molurus) and one native green snake (Philodryas olfersii) from the Sorocaba Zoo, São Paulo state, Brazil...
2016: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins Including Tropical Diseases
Judith L Stella, Candace C Croney
Domestic cats (Felis silvestris catus) are the most commonly kept companion animals in the US with large populations of owned (86 million), free-roaming (70 million), research (13,000), and shelter (2-3 million) cats. Vast numbers of cats are maintained in homes and other facilities each year and are reliant on humans for all of their care. Understanding cat behavior and providing the highest quality environments possible, including positive human-cat interactions, based on research could help improve the outcomes of biomedical research, shelter adoptions, and veterinary care, as well as overall cat welfare...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
Michelle A Giuffrida
OBJECTIVE To evaluate methods used to ascertain, define, and report adverse events (AEs) in companion animal clinical trials involving cancer treatment. DESIGN Systematic review. SAMPLE English-language articles describing prospective clinical trials involving dogs and cats with naturally occurring cancer published in peer-reviewed journals between 2008 and 2014. PROCEDURES Reports were identified via MEDLINE and CAB database searches combined with a hand-searching strategy. General article characteristics were abstracted and summarized...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Sam Abraham, Mark O'Dea, Darren J Trott, Rebecca J Abraham, David Hughes, Stanley Pang, Genevieve McKew, Elaine Y L Cheong, John Merlino, Sugiyono Saputra, Richard Malik, Thomas Gottlieb
Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are a pressing public health issue due to limited therapeutic options to treat such infections. CREs have been predominantly isolated from humans and environmental samples and they are rarely reported among companion animals. In this study we report on the isolation and plasmid characterization of carbapenemase (IMP-4) producing Salmonella enterica Typhimurium from a companion animal. Carbapenemase-producing S. enterica Typhimurium carrying blaIMP-4 was identified from a systemically unwell (index) cat and three additional cats at an animal shelter...
October 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
Severiano R Silva, Rita Payan-Carreira, Miguel Quaresma, Cristina M Guedes, Ana Sofia Santos
BACKGROUND: In equids, health and welfare depend on body composition. A growing number of equids are now used as leisure and companion animals, and often found overfeed. The need for a close monitoring of body fatness led to the search for tools allowing a rapid and non-invasive estimation of fatness. This study intends to assess real-time ultrasonography (RTU) usefulness in establishing a relationship between ultrasound measures of subcutaneous fat-plus-skin thickness (SF-Skin) and body condition score (BCS) in horses and donkeys...
October 20, 2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
C A Borges, L G Beraldo, R P Maluta, M V Cardozo, K B Barboza, E A L Guastalli, S Kariyawasam, C DebRoy, F A Ávila
Wild birds are carriers of Escherichia coli. However, little is known about their role as reservoirs for extra-intestinal pathogenic E. coli (ExPEC). In this work we investigated E. coli strains carrying virulence genes related to human and animal ExPEC isolated from free-living wild birds treated in a veterinary hospital. Multidrug resistance was found in 47.4% of the strains, but none of them were extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producers. Not only the virulence genes, but also the serogroups (e.g. O1 and O2) detected in the isolates of E...
October 18, 2016: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
Manabu Koike, Yasutomo Yutoku, Aki Koike
Understanding the molecular mechanisms of DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair processes, especially nonhomologous DNA-end joining (NHEJ), is critical for developing next-generation radiotherapies and chemotherapeutics for human and animal cancers. The localization, protein-protein interactions and post-translational modifications of core NHEJ factors, such as human Ku70 and Ku80, might play critical roles in controlling NHEJ activity. XRCC4-like factor (XLF) is a core NHEJ factor and plays a key role in the Ku-dependent NHEJ repair process in human cells...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Simone Gross, Andrea Fischer, Marco Rosati, Lara Matiasek, Daniele Corlazzoli, Rodolfo Cappello, Laura Porcarelli, Tom Harcourt-Brown, Konrad Jurina, Laurent Garosi, Thomas Flegel, Pia Quitt, Jessica Molin, Velia-Isabel Huelsmeyer, Henning Schenk, Gualtiero Gandini, Kirsten Gnirs, Stéphane Blot, Aurélien Jeandel, Massimo Baroni, Shenja Loderstedt, Gianluca Abbiati, Carola Leithaeuser, Sabine Schulze, Marion Kornberg, Mark Lowrie, Kaspar Matiasek
Recent views on Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) question the accuracy of classification into axonal and demyelinating subtypes that represent convergent neurophysiological phenotypes rather than immunological targets. Instead it has been proposed to clarify the primarily affected fibre subunit in nerve biopsies. As nerve biopsies rarely are part of routine work-up in human patients we evaluated tissues taken from companion animals affected by GBS-like polyradiculoneuropathy to screen for distribution of immune cells, targeted fibre components and segregating non-inflammatory lesions...
September 1, 2016: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
Nathan E Stone, Lindsay C Sidak-Loftis, Jason W Sahl, Adam J Vazquez, Kristin B Wiggins, John D Gillece, Nathan D Hicks, James M Schupp, Joseph D Busch, Paul Keim, David M Wagner
Nosocomial acquisition of Clostridium difficile is well documented, yet recent studies have highlighted the importance of community acquired infections and identified community associated reservoirs for this pathogen. Multiple studies have implicated companion pets and farm animals as possible sources of community acquired C. difficile infections in humans. To explore the potential role of pet dogs in human C. difficile infections we systematically collected canine fecal samples (n = 197) in Flagstaff, AZ. Additionally, nineteen fecal samples were collected at a local veterinary clinic from diarrheic dogs...
2016: PloS One
Laura A Reese, Mark Skidmore, William Dyar, Erika Rosebrook
Companion animal overpopulation is a growing problem in the United States. In addition to strays, an average of 324,500 nonhuman animals are relinquished to shelters yearly by their caregivers due to family disruption (divorce, death), foreclosure, economic problems, or minor behavioral issues. As a result, estimates of animals in shelters range from 3 million to 8 million, and due to overcrowding, euthanasia is common. This analysis seeks to determine the appropriate pricing mechanisms to clear animal shelters of dogs in the manner most desirable-that is, through adoption...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
Chia-Ling Yang, Chun-Ming Lee, Lee-Ing Tsao
The purpose of the current study was to use grounded theory to explore the experiences of caring for pets from the perspective of Taiwanese community-dwelling older adults. Twelve participants ages 65 to 73 were interviewed. Data were analyzed using the constant comparative method of qualitative analysis. Pets as an integral part of the family unit and beyond was the core category. The pet becomes part of my family was identified as the antecedent condition; this process undertakes action and interaction among the categories of the pet is part of my daily life, the pet provides positive life energy, and the pet is a sweet companion...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
Carlton Gyles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
Brian Radke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
Ana M Misic, Christine L Cain, Daniel O Morris, Shelley C Rankin, Daniel P Beiting
Staphylococcus species are a leading cause of skin and soft tissue infections in humans and animals, and the antibiotics used to treat these infections are often the same. Methicillin- and multidrug-resistant staphylococcal infections are becoming more common in human and veterinary medicine. From a "One Health" perspective, this overlap in antibiotic use and resistance raises concerns over the potential spread of antibiotic resistance genes. Whole-genome sequencing and comparative genomics analysis revealed that Staphylococcus species use divergent pathways to synthesize isoprenoids...
September 2016: MSphere
Don O'Grady, Kevin Kenny, Seamus Power, John Egan, Fergus Ryan
Intestinal infection by Yersinia enterocolitica serotype O:9 (YeO9) in cattle has been linked to false positive serological reactivity (FPSR) in diagnostic tests for brucellosis. Although eradicated in Ireland, brucellosis monitoring still identifies seropositive animals, usually one or two (termed singletons) per herd, which are classed as FPSR. To investigate a link between FPSR and YeO9, faeces and blood were collected from singleton FPSR cattle, and from companion animals, in eight selected herds with more than one FPSR animal, for YeO9 culture and Brucella serology...
October 2016: Veterinary Journal
Raphael B Stricker, Lorraine Johnson
Lyme disease caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi has become a major worldwide epidemic. Recent studies based on Big Data registries show that >300,000 people are diagnosed with Lyme disease each year in the USA, and up to two-thirds of individuals infected with B. burgdorferi will fail conventional 30-year-old antibiotic therapy for Lyme disease. In addition, animal and human evidence suggests that sexual transmission of the Lyme spirochete may occur. Improved companion diagnostic tests for Lyme disease need to be implemented, and novel treatment approaches are urgently needed to combat the epidemic...
2016: Infection and Drug Resistance
M Beccaglia, S Alonge, C Trovo', G C Luvoni
Accurate prediction of delivery date in canine and feline allows a better management of parturition, reducing the loss of neonates. This review evaluates the most common methods adopted to accurately predict the day of delivery: determination of ovulation and hormonal assays, first appearance of embryonic/foetal structures using ultrasound or radiography, echographic measurement of extra-foetal and foetal structures, or evaluation of foetal flux and heart rate. Determination of ovulation and hormonal assays at the time of breeding and close to pregnancy term is widely used to predict parturition in dogs (Concannon et al...
September 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
Belinda Vangchhia, Sam Abraham, Jan M Bell, Peter Collignon, Justine S Gibson, Paul R Ingram, James R Johnson, Karina Kennedy, Darren J Trott, John D Turnidge, David M Gordon
Unlike Escherichia coli strains belonging to phylogroup B2, the clinical significance of strains belonging to phylogroup F is not well understood. Here we report on a collection of phylogroup F strains recovered in Australia from faeces and extra-intestinal sites from humans, companion animals, and native animals, as well as from poultry meat and water samples. The distribution of sequence types was clearly non-random with respect to isolate source. The antimicrobial resistance and virulence trait profiles also varied with the sequence type of the isolate...
September 22, 2016: Microbiology
G A White, L Ward, C Pink, J Craigon, K M Millar
Complex relationships commonly exist between owners and their companion animals, particularly around feeding behaviour with an owner's affection or love for their animal most pronounced through the provision of food. It is notable that the pet food market is experiencing strong year-on-year growth in sales of dog and cat treats. Recognising the impact of treat giving in pet nutrition, the objective of the study was to investigate owner attitudes and motivations towards feeding treats (shop bought and other) to their dogs...
September 15, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
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