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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430811/antimicrobial-resistance-in-coagulase-positive-staphylococci-isolated-from-companion-animals-in-australia-a-one-year-study
#1
Sugiyono Saputra, David Jordan, Kate A Worthing, Jacqueline M Norris, Hui S Wong, Rebecca Abraham, Darren J Trott, Sam Abraham
Methicillin-resistant coagulase-positive staphylococci (CoPS) have become increasingly recognised as opportunistic pathogens that limit therapeutic options in companion animals. The frequency of methicillin resistance amongst clinical isolates on an Australia-wide level is unknown. This study determined antimicrobial susceptibility patterns for CoPS isolated from clinical infections in companion animals (dogs, cats and horses) as part of the first nation-wide survey on antimicrobial resistance in animal pathogens in Australia for a one-year period (January 2013 to January 2014)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430129/curcumin-inhibits-apoptosis-of-chondrocytes-through-activation-erk1-2-signaling-pathways-induced-autophagy
#2
Xiaodong Li, Kai Feng, Jiang Li, Degang Yu, Qiming Fan, Tingting Tang, Xiao Yao, Xiaoqing Wang
Osteoarthritis (OA) is an inflammatory disease of load-bearing synovial joints that is currently treated with drugs that exhibit numerous side effects and are only temporarily effective in treating pain, the main symptom of the disease. Consequently, there is an acute need for novel, safe, and more effective chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of osteoarthritis and related arthritic diseases. Curcumin, the principal curcuminoid and the most active component in turmeric, is a biologically active phytochemical...
April 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429961/analysis-of-factors-relating-to-companion-rabbits-relinquished-to-two-united-kingdom-rehoming-centers
#3
Clare F Ellis, Wanda McCormick, Ambrose Tinarwo
Rabbits are a common companion animal in the United Kingdom, and some reports have suggested that large numbers are relinquished to rehoming centers each year. This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of rabbits relinquished to 2 UK rehoming centers and explore reasons given for relinquishment. The centers contributed data for all rabbits who entered their center during 2013 (n = 205). Most rabbits (59.5%) were relinquished by a guardian. Similar numbers of males and females were relinquished, and a larger number of rabbits were not neutered (72...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427112/acute-encephalopathy-in-a-2-year-old-pot-bellied-pig-following-accidental-intoxication-with-clonazepam
#4
Emilie L Setlakwe, Amy L Johnson
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of successful management of clonazepam toxicity causing encephalopathy in a pot-bellied pig. CASE SUMMARY: A 2-year-old female pot-bellied pig weighing 13.5 kg was presented for evaluation of clinical signs of acute encephalopathy. Based on the animal's history and clinical signs, a tentative diagnosis of benzodiazepine (BZP) intoxication was made. The results of a urinary drug screening test designed to detect illicit substances in human urine indicated benzodiazepine exposure...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408304/analysis-of-imp-1-type-metallo-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-acinetobacter-radioresistens-isolated-from-companion-animals
#5
Yui Kimura, Tadashi Miyamoto, Kotaro Aoki, Yoshikazu Ishii, Kazuki Harada, Masahisa Watarai, Shingo Hatoya
IMP-1 type metallo-β-lactamase-producing (MBL-producing) Acinetobacter radioresistens was isolated from a dog with cystitis and a cat with conjunctivitis. The MBL-producing A. radioresistens isolates were resistant to all of the β-lactam antibiotics used in the sensitivity tests, but were susceptible to gentamicin, amikacin, and minocycline. Also, one of the two strains of A. radioresistens was susceptible to ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin. These two cases were cured by administration of tetracyclines and fluoroquinolones, which elicited a positive result in the sensitivity tests...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403172/a-first-estimate-of-the-structure-and-density-of-the-populations-of-pet-cats-and-dogs-across-great-britain
#6
James Aegerter, David Fouracre, Graham C Smith
Policy development, implementation, and effective contingency response rely on a strong evidence base to ensure success and cost-effectiveness. Where this includes preventing the establishment or spread of zoonotic or veterinary diseases infecting companion cats and dogs, descriptions of the structure and density of the populations of these pets are useful. Similarly, such descriptions may help in supporting diverse fields of study such as; evidence-based veterinary practice, veterinary epidemiology, public health and ecology...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399210/first-detection-of-rickettsia-typhi-and-rickettsia-felis-in-fleas-collected-from-client-owned-companion-animals-in-the-southern-great-plains
#7
Bruce H Noden, Suzanna Davidson, Jessica Lynn Smith, Faithful Williams
Flea-borne rickettsiosis occurs worldwide and includes a number of pathogens, namely, Rickettsia typhi and Rickettsia felis. Most studies in the United States have occurred in southern Texas and California where flea-borne rickettsiosis is endemic, resulting in a lack of information from other regions of the country. Between March and August 2016, 222 fleas were collected from 52 client-owned dogs and cats in two urban areas in Oklahoma. Fleas were identified using morphological characteristics then pooled and tested by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using published primers for gltA, ompB, and 17-kDa...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396550/klebsiella-pneumoniae-st11-and-st147-highly-resistant-to-tigecycline-from-companion-animals
#8
Cristina M Ovejero, Jose Antonio Escudero, Daniel Thomas-Lopez, Andreas Hoefer, Gabriel Moyano, Natalia Montero, Carmen Martin Espada, Bruno Gonzalez-Zorn
In this study we have characterized two tigecycline resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae clones isolated from dog urine samples. The isolates were genetically unrelated, belonging to sequence types ST11 and ST147, both classically related to human isolates. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first identification of tigecycline resistant isolates from animals. We unveil the worrisome circulation among animals of bacterial clones resistant to this last resort antibiotic.
April 10, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394404/comparing-immediate-type-food-allergy-in-humans-and-companion-animals-revealing-unmet-needs
#9
I Pali-Schöll, M De Lucia, H Jackson, J Janda, R S Mueller, E Jensen-Jarolim
Adverse food reactions occur in human as well as veterinary patients and systematic comparison may lead to improved recommendations for prevention and treatment in both. In this position paper, we summarize the current knowledge on immediate type food allergy versus other food-adverse reactions in companion animals, and compare this to the human situation. While the prevalence of food allergy in humans has been well studied for some allergens, this remains to be investigated for animal patients, where owner-reported as well as veterinarian-diagnosed food adverse reactions are on the increase...
April 10, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385014/mechanisms-of-quinolone-resistance-in-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-companion-animals-pet-owners-and-non-pet-owners
#10
Yeon Soo Chung, Yoon Sung Hu, Sook Shin, Suk Kyung Lim, Soo Jin Yang, Yong Ho Park, Kun Taek Park
The present study investigated the prevalence and the mechanisms of fluoroquinolone (FQ)/quinolone (Q) resistance in Escherichia coli isolates from companion animals, pet-owners, and non-pet owners. A total of 63 E. coli isolates were collected from 104 anal swab samples; 27 nalidixic acid (NA)-resistant isolates were identified. Of these, 10 showed ciprofloxacin (CIP) resistance. Plasmid-mediated Q resistance gene was detected in an isolate. Increased efflux pump activity, as measured by organic solvent tolerance assay, was detected in 18 isolates (66...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380311/spread-of-ctx-type-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-isolates-of-epidemic-clone-b2-o25-st131-among-dogs-and-cats-in-japan
#11
Kumiko Kawamura, Tae Sugawara, Nao Matsuo, Kengo Hayashi, Chihiro Norizuki, Kiyoko Tamai, Takaaki Kondo, Yoshichika Arakawa
This study was performed to investigate the carriage rates of CTX-M-type extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli among ill companion animals in Japan. Among the 178 nonrepetitive E. coli isolates, including 131 from dogs and 47 from cats, collected between September and November 2015, 42 (23.6%) isolates from 29 dogs and 13 cats were identified as ESBL producers. The antimicrobial susceptibility, O serotype, phylogenetic group, β-lactamase genotype, plasmid replicon type, and sequence type (ST) of each isolate were analyzed...
April 5, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375932/outstanding-animal-studies-in-allergy-ii-from-atopic-barrier-and-microbiome-to-allergen-specific-immunotherapy
#12
Erika Jensen-Jarolim, Isabella Pali-Schöll, Franziska Roth-Walter
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Animal studies published within the past 18 months were assessed, focusing on innate and specific immunomodulation, providing knowledge of high translational relevance for human atopic and allergic diseases. RECENT FINDINGS: Allergic companion animals represent alternative models, but most studies were done in mice. Atopic dermatitis mouse models were refined by the utilization of cytokines like IL-23 and relevant skin allergens or enzymes. A novel IL-6 reporter mouse allows biomonitoring of inflammation...
April 1, 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374166/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-establish-effects-of-short-term-rapamycin-treatment-in-24-middle-aged-companion-dogs
#13
Silvan R Urfer, Tammi L Kaeberlein, Susan Mailheau, Philip J Bergman, Kate E Creevy, Daniel E L Promislow, Matt Kaeberlein
Age is the single greatest risk factor for most causes of morbidity and mortality in humans and their companion animals. As opposed to other model organisms used to study aging, dogs share the human environment, are subject to similar risk factors, receive comparable medical care, and develop many of the same age-related diseases humans do. In this study, 24 middle-aged healthy dogs received either placebo or a non-immunosuppressive dose of rapamycin for 10 weeks. All dogs received clinical and hematological exams before, during, and after the trial and echocardiography before and after the trial...
April 3, 2017: GeroScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370296/validation-of-a-multiplexed-gene-signature-assay-for-diagnosis-of-canine-cancers-from-formalin-fixed-paraffin-embedded-tissues
#14
B Davis, M Schwartz, D Duchemin, J Carl Barrett, G Post
BACKGROUND: Use of molecular-based diagnostics for companion animals is impeded by availability of technology platforms, tissue acquisition requirements, and species-specific reagents. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To validate a quantitative nuclease protection assay (qNPA) to simultaneously measure RNA expression of multiple genes in archived formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumors from dogs. ANIMALS: All tumor biopsy samples were collected retrospectively from surgical biopsies and in the care of veterinarians...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368864/characterization-of-esbl-producing-escherichia-coli-recovered-from-companion-dogs-in-tai-an-china
#15
Song Li, Junhe Liu, Yufa Zhou, Zengmin Miao
INTRODUCTION: Animals are considered to be reservoirs of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria, but few epidemiological data on ESBL-producing Escherichia coli urinary tract isolates in pet dogs are available in China. METHODOLOGY: This study was conducted to describe the prevalence and characterization of ESBL producers among E. coli urinary tract isolates from pet dogs in Tai'an, China. RESULTS: A total of 118 E. coli were obtained from urinary samples of 80 companion dogs suffering from acute or chronic cystitis, of which three isolates from different dogs were ESBL producers...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368662/assessing-effectiveness-of-a-nonhuman-animal-welfare-education-program-for-primary-school-children
#16
Roxanne D Hawkins, Joanne M Williams
Nonhuman animal welfare education aims to promote positive relationships between children and animals and thus improve animal welfare, yet few scientific evaluations of these programs exist. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of an education program developed by the Scottish Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA) that included 4 interventions focusing on pets (companion animals), wild animals, farm animals, and general animal rescues. Knowledge, attachment to pets, and attitudes and beliefs about animal minds were assessed at pretest, posttest, and delayed posttest using a questionnaire administered to 1,217 Scottish children aged 7 to 13 years old...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366279/chemical-sterilisation-of-animals-a-review-of-the-use-of-zinc-and-cacl2-based-solutions-in-male-and-female-animals-and-factors-likely-to-improve-responses-to-treatment
#17
REVIEW
John Cavalieri
Chemical sterilisation can be used as an alternative to surgical castration in some circumstances. This review focuses on responses to treatment with zinc- or CaCl2-based chemosterilants, factors that have affected treatments and their potential use to sterilise female cattle. Successful treatment with a low incidence of adverse side effects in male animals has occurred with the use of zinc gluconate (ZG), neutralised in arginine and a 20% solution of CaCl2 in ethanol. Injection technique plays an important role in success...
March 18, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358635/prevalence-of-alaria-infection-in-companion-animals-in-north-central-oklahoma-from-2006-through-2015-and-detection-in-wildlife
#18
Eileen M Johnson, Yoko Nagamori, Rebecca A Duncan-Decocq, Patrick N Whitley, Akhilesh Ramachandran, Mason V Reichard
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of Alaria infection in cats and dogs in north central Oklahoma over various periods and investigate whether wild animal species in this region were also infected. DESIGN Combined cross-sectional study and case series. SAMPLE Results of parasitological testing of fecal samples from 5,417 client-owned dogs and 1,246 client-owned cats (2006 through 2014); fecal samples from 837 shelter or rescue dogs and 331 shelter or rescue cats (2013 and 2014) and 268 feral cats (2015); tongue or jowl samples from cadavers of 43 wild pigs, 3 opossums, and 1 raccoon; and intestinal tract segments from cadavers of 48 cats and 5 coyotes...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347989/wrn-conditioned-media-is-sufficient-for-in-vitro-propagation-of-intestinal-organoids-from-large-farm-and-small-companion-animals
#19
Robin H Powell, Michael S Behnke
Recent years have seen significant developments in the ability to continuously propagate organoids derived from intestinal crypts. These advancements have been applied to mouse and human samples providing models for gastrointestinal tissue development and disease. We adapt these methods for the propagation of intestinal organoids (enteroids) from various large farm and small companion (LF/SC) animals, including cat, dog, cow, horse, pig, sheep, and chicken. We show that LF/SC enteroids propagate and expand in L-WRN conditioned media containing signaling factors Wnt3a, R-spondin-3, and Noggin (WRN)...
March 27, 2017: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335825/canine-tick-borne-diseases-in-pet-dogs-from-romania
#20
Martin O Andersson, Conny Tolf, Paula Tamba, Mircea Stefanache, Jonas Waldenström, Gerhard Dobler, Lidia Chițimia-Dobler
BACKGROUND: Tick-borne diseases are of substantial concern worldwide for animals as well as humans. Dogs have been a human companion for millennia, and their significant impact on human life renders disease in dogs to be of great concern. Tick-borne diseases in dogs represent a substantial diagnostic challenge for veterinarians in that clinical signs are often diffuse and overlapping. In addition, co-infections with two or more pathogens enhance this problem further. Molecular methods are useful to disentangle co-infections and to accurately describe prevalence and geographical distribution of tick-borne diseases...
March 23, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
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