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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816638/high-prevalence-of-multidrug-resistant-community-acquired-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-at-the-largest-veterinary-teaching-hospital-in-costa-rica
#1
Irene Rojas, Elías Barquero-Calvo, Joany C van Balen, Norman Rojas, Lohendy Muñoz-Vargas, Armando E Hoet
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a pathogen associated with severe infections in companion animals present in the community, and it is diagnosed in animals admitted to veterinary hospitals. However, reports that describe the circulation of MRSA in animal populations and veterinary settings in Latin America are scarce. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and investigate the molecular epidemiology of MRSA in the environment of the largest veterinary teaching hospital in Costa Rica...
August 17, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814534/clinician-attitudes-to-pain-and-use-of-analgesia-in-cattle-where-are-we-10-years-on
#2
John G Remnant, Alex Tremlett, Jon N Huxley, Chris D Hudson
Pain in cattle can arise though disease or injury or may result from veterinary or husbandry procedures. Controlling pain is important to safeguard animal welfare. Previous studies indicated that the use of analgesics in cattle has lagged behind use in companion animals. Over the last decade, more analgesic products have become available for use in cattle and there have been increased efforts to communicate the importance and benefits of analgesia. A questionnaire (based on that used in a similar study published in 2006) was sent to UK cattle practitioners asking them to score pain severity for several conditions of cattle and asking about their attitudes towards and use of analgesic medicines...
August 16, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813172/rabbit-neutering-in-primary-care-education-insights-from-a-surgical-clinic
#3
Livia Benato, Jennifer Hammond
Involvement in canine and feline surgical neutering clinics is generally considered to be a key element of primary-care veterinary education, yet opportunities for veterinary students to develop their surgical skills with rabbit patients are uncommon. This is despite the fact that rabbits are currently estimated to be the third-most popular companion animal species and the fact that the British Small Animal Veterinary Association (BSAVA) recommends that all non-breeding rabbits be neutered soon after they attain sexual maturity...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807213/turkey-model-for-flexor-tendon-research-in%C3%A2-vitro-comparison-of-human-canine-turkey-and-chicken-tendons
#4
Assaf Kadar, Andrew R Thoreson, Ramona L Reisdorf, Peter C Amadio, Steven L Moran, Chunfeng Zhao
BACKGROUND: Flexor tendon injuries are one of the most common hand injuries and remain clinically challenging for functional restoration. Canine and chicken have been the most commonly used animal models for flexor tendon-related research but possess several disadvantages. The purpose of this study was to explore a potential turkey model for flexor tendon research. METHODS: The third digit from human cadaveric hands, canine forepaws, turkey foot, and chicken foot were used for this study...
August 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803893/the-companion-dog-as-a-unique-translation-model-for-aging
#5
REVIEW
Andrea Mazzatenta, Camillo Di Giulio, Domenico Robbe, Augusto Carluccio, Alessandro Cellerino
The dog is a unique species due to its wide variation among breeds in size, morphology, behavior and lifespan coupled with a genetic structure that facilitates the dissection of the genetic architecture controlling those traits. Dogs and humans coevolved and share recent evolutionary selection processes like, for example, adaptations to digest starch-rich diets. Many diseases of the dog have a human counterpart, notably Alzheimer's that is otherwise difficult to model in other organisms. Unlike laboratory animals, companion dogs share the human environment and lifestyle, are exposed to the same pollutants and are faced with pathogens and infections...
August 10, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783072/stated-preferences-for-dog-characteristics-and-sources-of-acquisition
#6
Courtney Bir, Nicole J Olynk Widmar, Candace C Croney
People's preferences for where they acquire dogs and the characteristics they focus on may provide insight into their perceptions of socially responsible pet ownership, as acquiring a dog is the first step in dog ownership. An online survey of 1523 U.S. residents was used to aid understanding of public perceptions of dog acquisition. Likert-scale questions allowed respondents to assign a level of agreement, within the given scale, to ten statements related to dog acquisition. A significantly higher percentage of women (39...
August 5, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781040/advancements-in-evidence-based-analgesia-in-exotic-animals
#7
REVIEW
Julie A Balko, Sathya K Chinnadurai
The importance of appropriate recognition, assessment, and treatment of pain in all veterinary species, including exotic animals, cannot be overstated. Although the assessment of pain perception in nondomestic species is still in its infancy, this does not preclude appropriate analgesic management in these species. Although analgesic drug selection is often based on data extrapolated from similar species, as the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of many drugs can vary greatly between species, an evidence-based approach to analgesic therapy should be used whenever possible...
September 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781036/evidence-based-advances-in-aquatic-animal-medicine
#8
REVIEW
Claire Vergneau-Grosset, Sylvain Larrat
Fish and aquatic invertebrates deserve evidence-based medicine. Pharmacologic information is available; most pharmacokinetic studies are derived from the aquaculture industry and extrapolated to ornamental fish. Conversely, advanced diagnostics and information regarding diseases affecting only ornamental fish and invertebrates require more peer-reviewed experimental studies; the examples of carp edema virus, sea star wasting disease, seahorse nutrition, and gas bubble disease of fish under human care are discussed...
September 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781034/evidence-based-advances-in-rodent-medicine
#9
REVIEW
Vladimir Jekl, Karel Hauptman, Zdenek Knotek
The number of exotic companion pet rodents seen in veterinary practices is growing very rapidly. According to the American Veterinary Medical Association's surveys, more than 2,093,000 pet rodents were kept in US households in 2007 and in 2012 it was more than 2,349,000 animals. This article summarizes the most important evidence-based knowledge in exotic pet rodents (diagnostics of the hyperadrenocorticism in guinea pigs, pituitary tumors in rats, urolithiasis in guinea pigs, use of itopride as prokinetics, use of deslorelin acetate in rodents, cause of dental disease, and prevention of mammary gland tumors in rats)...
September 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781030/why-should-we-direct-our-efforts-toward-evidence-based-knowledge-creation
#10
REVIEW
Nicola Di Girolamo, Alexandra L Winter
In the field of exotic animal medicine, there is much work to do, more than in human medicine and in companion animal medicine. The work in this field should be directed toward an evidence-based knowledge accumulation. Sound evidence supporting tests and treatments will ensure better health care for exotic animal patients.
September 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771040/validation-of-thermal-lethality-against-salmonella-enterica-in-poultry-offal-during-rendering
#11
Amie-Marie Jones-Ibarra, Gary R Acuff, Christine Z Alvarado, T Matthew Taylor
Recent outbreaks of human disease following contact with companion animal foods cross-contaminated with enteric pathogens, such as Salmonella enterica, have resulted in increased concern regarding the microbiological safety of animal foods. Additionally, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Food Safety Modernization Act and its implementing rules have stipulated the implementation of current good manufacturing practices and food safety preventive controls for livestock and companion animal foods. Animal foods and feeds are sometimes formulated to include thermally rendered animal by-product meals...
September 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750789/acute-hypoxemic-respiratory-failure-with-hemoptysis-in-a-dog-exposed-to-copper-sulfate-powder
#12
Elisabetta Giudice, Chiara Crinò, Paola Lanzafame, Fabio Viganò, Francesco Macrì, Simona Di Pietro
A 2-year-old male mongrel dog was presented because of the onset of dry cough. About 16 hours before, the dog had been exposed to the pesticide that the owner was spraying in the vineyard. Approximately 3 hours later an acute respiratory failure, with a rapid evolution, began. Hemoptysis and regenerative normocytic normochromic anemia arose within hours, and a pulmonary hemorrhage was diagnosed. Pulmonary hemorrhage fast led to pneumonia, as evidenced by the serial CXR findings and the developing of leukocytosis...
March 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750619/the-practical-use-of-genome-sequencing-data-in-the-management-of-a-feline-colony-pedigree
#13
Fabiana H G Farias, Chad Tomlinson, Jeffrey Labuda, Gerardo Perez-Camargo, Rondo Middleton, Wesley C Warren
BACKGROUND: A higher prevalence of inherited disorders among companion animals are often rooted in their historical restricted artificial selection for a variety of observed phenotypes that eventually decreased genetic diversity. Cats have been afflicted with many inherited diseases due to domestication and intense breed selection. Advances in sequencing technology have generated a more comprehensive way to access genetic information from an individual, allowing identification of putative disease-causing variants and in practice a means to avoid their spread and thus better pedigree management...
July 27, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749329/in-vitro-efficacy-of-16-antimicrobial-drugs-against-a-large-collection-of-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-isolates-of-extraintestinal-pathogenic-escherichia-coli-from-dogs-and-cats
#14
Takae Shimizu, Kazuki Harada, Yuzo Tsuyuki, Yui Kimura, Tadashi Miyamoto, Shingo Hatoya, Yoshiaki Hikasa
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the in vitro efficacy of candidate antimicrobials against extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing isolates of extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) from companion animals. METHODOLOGY: A total of 90 ESBL-producing ExPEC isolates from dogs and cats were tested for susceptibility to 16 antimicrobials with the agar dilution method. We also identified the ESBLs and AmpC β-lactamases of these isolates with PCR and DNA sequencing...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747096/preliminary-description-of-aging-cats-and-dogs-presented-to-a-new-zealand-first-opinion-veterinary-clinic-at-end-of-life
#15
M C Gates, H J Hinds, A Dale
AIMS: To conduct a preliminary investigation into the chronic disease conditions and clinical signs present in aging New Zealand companion animals at end-of-life and to describe the timing, circumstances, and manner of death. METHODS: The medical records database of a first opinion, companion animal, veterinary practice in Auckland, New Zealand was searched to identify all canine and feline patients ≥7 years of age that were subjected to euthanasia and/or cremated in the period between July 2012-June 2014...
July 26, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738871/highly-suspected-cases-of-salmonellosis-in-two-cats-fed-with-a-commercial-raw-meat-based-diet-health-risks-to-animals-and-zoonotic-implications
#16
Federica Giacometti, Jacopo Magarotto, Andrea Serraino, Silvia Piva
BACKGROUND: Feeding raw meat-based diets (RMBD) to companion animals raises public health concerns for both animals and humans. While considerable attention has been paid to bacterial contamination of commercial pet food, few literature studies have investigated foodborne disease in companion animals. Salmonellosis is reported to be infrequent in cats but no known data or studies estimating feline salmonellosis are available or large-scale epidemiological studies assessing Salmonella risk factors...
July 24, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727532/evacuation-of-pets-during-disasters-a-public-health-intervention-to-increase-resilience
#17
Robin Chadwin
During a disaster, many pet owners want to evacuate their pets with them, only to find that evacuation and sheltering options are limited or nonexistent. This disregard for companion animal welfare during a disaster can have public health consequences. Pet owners may be stranded at home, unwilling to leave their pets behind. Others refuse evacuation orders or attempt to reenter evacuation sites illegally to rescue their animals. Psychopathologies such as grief, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder are associated with pet abandonment during an evacuation...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721546/health-benefits-observed-after-probiotic-lactobacillus-fermentum-ccm-7421-application-in-dogs
#18
REVIEW
Viola Strompfová, Ivana Kubašová, Andrea Lauková
The importance of the intestinal microbiota has attracted much interest in recent years particularly with respect to ways in which the microbiota can be manipulated in order to improve health. Improving gut health through the use of probiotic microorganisms has become an area of research activity in both human and animal nutrition. However, the amount of research using companion animals is insufficient. The present review evaluates and compares the effects achieved after application of canine-derived probiotic strain Lactobacillus fermentum CCM 7421 to healthy dogs as well as to dogs suffering from gastrointestinal disorders...
July 18, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716202/a-scoping-review-of-published-research-on-the-population-dynamics-and-control-practices-of-companion-animals
#19
Aileigh Kay, Jason B Coe, David Pearl, Ian Young
Companion animal population dynamics is a global, diverse issue that can affect society in multiple ways, including impacts on public health, environmental destruction and shelter management. The purpose of this scoping review was to use structured and transparent methods to identify all published research investigating companion animal population dynamics and/or control practices. A comprehensive search strategy was implemented using five online databases (i.e., PubMed, CAB Direct, Agricola, PsycINFO, and Scopus) and resulted in the identification of 7810 unique citations...
September 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716190/risk-factors-for-underweight-and-overweight-in-cats-in-metropolitan-sydney-australia
#20
Kendy T Teng, Paul D McGreevy, Jenny-Ann L M L Toribio, David Raubenheimer, Kim Kendall, Navneet K Dhand
Obesity is regarded as one of the most significant welfare issues in companion animals. Some risk factors affecting body condition in cats have been determined, but many remain controversial. The current study aimed to investigate the risk factors for overweight and underweight in cats in metropolitan Sydney. Electronic patient records for 11 years (2005-2015) were acquired from a feline primary practice in metropolitan Sydney. The 9-point body condition score (BCS) evaluation in each visit was classified into three groups: underweight (1-3), ideal-weight (4-6) and overweight (7-9)...
September 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
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