keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Companion animal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075379/veterinary-compounding-regulation-challenges-and-resources
#1
REVIEW
Gigi Davidson
The spectrum of therapeutic need in veterinary medicine is large, and the availability of approved drug products for all veterinary species and indications is relatively small. For this reason, extemporaneous preparation, or compounding, of drugs is commonly employed to provide veterinary medical therapies. The scope of veterinary compounding is broad and focused primarily on meeting the therapeutic needs of companion animals and not food-producing animals in order to avoid human exposure to drug residues. As beneficial as compounded medical therapies may be to animal patients, these therapies are not without risks, and serious adverse events may occur from poor quality compounds or excipients that are uniquely toxic when administered to a given species...
January 10, 2017: Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072844/exploring-the-possibility-of-cryopreservation-of-feline-and-canine-erythrocytes-by-rapid-freezing-with-penetrating-and-non-penetrating-cryoprotectants
#2
Denys Pogozhykh, Yuliya Pakhomova, Olga Pervushina, Nicola Hofmann, Birgit Glasmacher, Gennadiy Zhegunov
Efficient application of veterinary blood transfusion approaches for small companion animals requires readily available supply of the donor material. This can be achieved by developing of effective biobanking technologies allowing long-term storage of donor blood components via cryopreservation. Transfusion of an erythrocyte concentrate allows the successful correction of various hematological pathologies, severe bleeding, and etc. While in the past there were several approaches to cryopreserve red blood cells of dogs, to our knowledge there is virtually no data on cryopreservation of feline erythrocytes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069286/hepatic-encephalopathy
#3
REVIEW
Adam G Gow
This article reviews hepatic encephalopathy (HE) in companion animals. Clinical signs and categories of hepatic disease likely to cause HE are discussed. Ammonia has a key role in pathogenesis and current concepts in body ammonia metabolism are reviewed. Inflammation and manganese accumulation are also thought to be important in pathogenesis. Treatment of HE in acute and chronic cases is discussed along with the rationale for current treatment recommendations. Potential avenues for new treatments and human treatments, which may be transferable to companion animals, are reviewed...
January 6, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068185/prevalence-of-antibodies-against-coxiella-burnetii-in-korean-native-cattle-dairy-cattle-and-dogs-in-south-korea
#4
Kwang-Soo Lyoo, Doo Kim, Hyung Gwan Jang, Seung-Joon Lee, Mi Yeoun Park, Tae-Wook Hahn
Coxiella burnetii is a zoonotic agent and causes coxiellosis, which is a cause of reproductive failure in a range of animal species, including abortion and stillbirth and Q fever, which is most often characterized by an acute flu-like illness, mild pneumonia, and/or hepatitis in humans. While livestock are well recognized worldwide as a source of infection, the zoonotic risk of C. burnetii infection in companion animals such as dogs may be overlooked. For serological diagnosis, indirect immunofluorescent assay (IFA) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) are generally considered good methods for prevalence surveys of coxiellosis...
January 9, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063743/hepatobiliary-neoplasia
#5
REVIEW
Laura E Selmic
Older companion animals may be uncommonly affected with hepatobiliary neoplasia. If clinical signs are shown they are often nonspecific. Animals may have increased liver enzyme activities detected on serum biochemistry. Ultrasound imaging can help to characterize liver lesions and guide sampling with fine needle aspiration. Treatment for massive liver tumor morphology involves liver lobectomy. Prognosis depends on the tumor morphology, type, and stage, but can be good for cats and dogs with massive hepatocellular tumors, with animals experiencing prolonged survival and low recurrence rates...
January 5, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061877/campylobacter-coli-infection-in-pet-birds-in-southern-italy
#6
Ludovico Dipineto, Luca Borrelli, Antonino Pace, Violante Romano, Stefano D'Orazio, Lorena Varriale, Tamara Pasqualina Russo, Alessandro Fioretti
Avian species are considered as the main reservoir of Campylobacter spp. However, few data are available on the presence of this microorganism in pet birds. This study was therefore performed to determine the prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in pet birds bred in southern Italy. Faecal samples were collected from 88 cages housing different species of pet birds and examined by bacteriological culture and polymerase chain reaction. A total of 13.6% of the cage samples were positive for Campylobacter coli. Other Campylobacter spp...
January 6, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010905/an-investigation-of-antimicrobial-usage-patterns-by-small-animal-veterinarians-in-south-africa
#7
John K Chipangura, Hayley Eagar, Marcia Kgoete, Darrell Abernethy, Vinny Naidoo
AIM: At present very little information is available on antimicrobial use patterns in small animal veterinary practice in South Africa. The aim of this study was firstly to provide some indication of antimicrobial use patterns, and secondly to ascertain if the country's small animal veterinarians make use of prudent use guidelines to optimise their antimicrobial use in order to minimise the development of antimicrobial resistance. METHODOLOGY: In order to understand use patterns, a questionnaire was circulated to registered South African veterinarians, whose responses were evaluated by descriptive statistics...
January 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003600/identification-of-group-g-streptococci-isolates-from-companion-animals-in-japan-and-their-antimicrobial-resistance
#8
Yuzo Tsuyuki, Goro Kurita, Yoshiteru Murata, Mieko Goto, Takashi Takahashi
This study determined species-level identification and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) properties in group G streptococci (GGS) isolates from companion animals in Japan. Strains were isolated from sterile/non-sterile specimens of 72 animals with clinical symptoms or signs in April-May, 2015. We identified them based on 16S rRNA sequencing, mass spectrometry (MS), and an automated method based on their biochemical properties. Antimicrobial susceptibility was determined with broth microdilution method and Etest...
December 22, 2016: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999066/public-health-risk-of-antimicrobial-resistance-transfer-from-companion-animals
#9
Constança Pomba, Merja Rantala, Christina Greko, Keith Edward Baptiste, Boudewijn Catry, Engeline van Duijkeren, Ana Mateus, Miguel A Moreno, Satu Pyörälä, Modestas Ružauskas, Pascal Sanders, Christopher Teale, E John Threlfall, Zoltan Kunsagi, Jordi Torren-Edo, Helen Jukes, Karolina Törneke
Antimicrobials are important tools for the therapy of infectious bacterial diseases in companion animals. Loss of efficacy of antimicrobial substances can seriously compromise animal health and welfare. A need for the development of new antimicrobials for the therapy of multiresistant infections, particularly those caused by Gram-negative bacteria, has been acknowledged in human medicine and a future corresponding need in veterinary medicine is expected. A unique aspect related to antimicrobial resistance and risk of resistance transfer in companion animals is their close contact with humans...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980131/putting-a-value-on-companion-animals
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 17, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978844/detection-of-mycoplasma-haemocanis-mycoplasma-haematoparvum-mycoplasma-suis-and-other-vector-borne-pathogens-in-dogs-from-c%C3%A3-rdoba-and-santa-f%C3%A3-argentina
#11
Patricia E Mascarelli, Gustavo P Tartara, Norma B Pereyra, Ricardo G Maggi
BACKGROUND: In Argentina, only very few reports are available for canine tick-borne diseases where most are related to parasitic diseases. The objective of this survey was to investigate the prevalence of tick-borne pathogens in 70 dogs from Santa Fé and Córdoba, Argentina. METHODS: Microscopic blood smear examination as well as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification using species-specific markers of Anaplasma, Babesia, Bartonella, Borrelia, Ehrlichia, Francisella, Mycoplasma (hemotropic group) and Rickettsia, followed by DNA sequencing were used to establish the prevalence of each infecting pathogen...
December 15, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976593/antimicrobial-resistance-in-enterococcus-strains-isolated-from-healthy-domestic-dogs
#12
Fabrizio Bertelloni, Claudia Salvadori, Giulia Lotti, Domenico Cerri, Valentina Virginia Ebani
Enterococci are opportunistic bacteria that cause severe infections in animals and humans, capable to acquire, express, and transfer antimicrobial resistance. Susceptibility to 21 antimicrobial agents was tested by the disk diffusion method in 222 Enterococcus spp. strains isolated from the fecal samples of 287 healthy domestic dogs. Vancomycin and ampicillin minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and high-level aminoglycoside resistance (HLAR) tests were also performed. Isolates showed resistance mainly to streptomycin (88...
December 15, 2016: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973988/characterisation-of-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-and-ampc-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-isolated-from-companion-animals-in-new-zealand
#13
A Karkaba, A Grinberg, J Benschop, E Pleydell
AIMS: To assess the occurrence of, and characterise, extended-spectrum-β-lactamase (ESBL) and AmpC-β-lactamase (AmpC)-producing Enterobacteriaceae isolated by veterinary diagnostic laboratories from infection sites in companion animals in New Zealand. METHODS: Selected Enterobacteriaceae isolates were submitted by seven New Zealand veterinary diagnostic laboratories. They were isolated from infection sites in companion animals between June 2012 and June 2013, and were resistant to amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, fluoroquinolones, or any combination of two or more antimicrobials...
December 14, 2016: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967207/care-staff-perceptions-of-a-social-robot-called-paro-and-a-look-alike-plush-toy-a-descriptive-qualitative-approach
#14
Wendy Moyle, Marguerite Bramble, Cindy Jones, Jenny Murfield
OBJECTIVES: Social robots such as Paro, a therapeutic companion robot, have recently been introduced into dementia care as a means to reduce behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia. The purpose of this study was to explore care staff perceptions of Paro and a look-alike non-robotic animal, including benefits and limitations in dementia care. METHODS: The study assumed a descriptive qualitative approach, nested within a large cluster-randomised controlled trial...
December 14, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943548/use-of-mycophenolate-mofetil-to-treat-immune-mediated-skin-disease-in-14-dogs-a-retrospective-evaluation
#15
Amanda L Ackermann, Elizabeth R May, Linda A Frank
BACKGROUND: Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is a lymphocytotoxic immunosuppressive agent used in human and companion animal medicine for the treatment of immune-mediated disease. Mycophenolate mofetil is reported to have reduced myelotoxicity and hepatotoxicity when compared to azathioprine. OBJECTIVES: It was hypothesized that treatment with MMF as a secondary agent with glucocorticoids would be effective in treating immune-mediated skin disease. In addition, adverse effects associated with the drug are reported...
December 11, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928908/striking-against-bioterrorism-with-advanced-proteomics-and-reference-methods
#16
Jean Armengaud
The intentional use by terrorists of biological toxins as weapons has been of great concern for many years. Among the numerous toxins produced by plants, animals, algae, fungi, and bacteria, ricin is one of the most scrutinized by the media because it has already been used in biocrimes and acts of bioterrorism. Improving the analytical toolbox of national authorities to monitor these potential bioweapons all at once is of the utmost interest. MS/MS allows their absolute quantitation and exhibits advantageous sensitivity, discriminative power, multiplexing possibilities, and speed...
January 2017: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925241/vertebral-subluxation-repair-in-a-pet-goat
#17
Sara Nannarone, Enrico Bellezza, Yves P Moens, Paula Larenza Menzies
OBJECTIVES: To describe the perioperative management, including surgery, anesthesia, metabolic derangements, and physiotherapy, in a goat referred for paraparesis secondary to a road traffic accident. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. ANIMALS: 2-year-old mixed breed dwarf 44 kg female pet goat. METHODS: Clinical examination showed symptoms of early compensatory stages of shock, paraparesis with hyperextension of the thoracic limbs, pain on palpation of the thoracolumbar spine, increased patellar reflexes of both pelvic limbs without superficial sensitivity, but preserved deep pain sensation...
December 7, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900781/the-present-and-future-of-opioid-analgesics-in-small-animal-practice
#18
REVIEW
B T Simon, P V Steagall
Opioids are the cornerstone for the treatment of acute pain in small animal patients. This is primarily because of their remarkable safety profile, high efficacy, and benefit of reversibility. There have been some significant advances in our knowledge on opioid pharmacology and clinical usage in companion animal medicine. This review discusses the progression of opioid use in small animal practice providing current misconceptions and controversies in light of routes of administration. Potential targets for research and drug development and novel therapies are discussed in addition to the concepts of glial cell modulators, individual variability, and opioid tolerance and hyperalgesia...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899921/high-prevalence-of-%C3%AE-lactamase-and-plasmid-mediated-quinolone-resistance-genes-in-extended-spectrum-cephalosporin-resistant-escherichia-coli-from-dogs-in-shaanxi-china
#19
Xiaoqiang Liu, Haixia Liu, Yinqian Li, Caiju Hao
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence and molecular characterization of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL), plasmid-mediated AmpC β-lactamase (pAmpC) and carbapenemases as well as plasmid-mediated quinolone-resistant (PMQR) among extended-spectrum cephalosporin-resistant (ESC-R) Escherichia coli from dogs in Shaanxi province in China. Methods: A total of 40 ESC-R Escherichia coli selected from 165 Extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli (ExPEC) isolated from dogs were screened and characterized for the genes encoding for the ESBLs, pAmpC, carbapenemases and PMQR genes by PCR and sequencing...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895610/the-origin-of-social-evaluation-social-eavesdropping-reputation-formation-image-scoring-or-what-you-will
#20
REVIEW
Judit Abdai, Ádám Miklósi
Social evaluation is a mental process that leverages the preference toward prosocial partners (positivity bias) against the avoidance of antisocial individuals (negativity bias) in a cooperative context. The phenomenon is well-known in humans, and recently comparative investigations looked at the possible evolutionary origins. So far social evaluation has been investigated mainly in non-human and human primates and dogs, however, there are few data on the presence of negativity/positivity bias in client-cleaner reef fish interactions as well...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
keyword
keyword
41104
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"