keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Companion animal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533531/antimicrobial-resistance-and-antimicrobial-use-animal-monitoring-policies-in-europe-where-are-we
#1
Jorge Pinto Ferreira, Katharina Staerk
The World Health Organization has recognized antimicrobial resistance as one of the top three threats to human health. Any use of antibiotics in animals will ultimately affect humans and vice versa. Appropriate monitoring of antimicrobial use and resistance has been repeatedly emphasized along with the need for global policies. Under the auspices of the European Union research project, EFFORT, we mapped antimicrobial use and resistance monitoring programs in ten European countries. We then compared international and European guidelines and policies...
May 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521000/the-ecology-of-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamases-esbls-in-the-developed-world
#2
Yohei Doi, Alina Iovleva, Robert A Bonomo
Background: Since the initial appearance in the 1980s, Enterobacteriaceae producing extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) have increased in prevalence and emerged as a major antimicrobial-resistant pathogen. The source of these antimicrobial-resistant bacteria in the developed world is an area of active investigation. Methods: A standard internet search was conducted with a focus on the epidemiology and potential sources of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae in the developed world...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518085/analysis-of-chromosome-segregation-histone-acetylation-and-spindle-morphology-in-horse-oocytes
#3
Federica Franciosi, Irene Tessaro, Rozenn Dalbies-Tran, Cecile Douet, Fabrice Reigner, Stefan Deleuze, Pascal Papillier, Ileana Miclea, Valentina Lodde, Alberto M Luciano, Ghylene Goudet
The field of assisted reproduction has been developed to treat infertility in women, companion animals, and endangered species. In the horse, assisted reproduction also allows for the production of embryos from high performers without interrupting their sports career and contributes to an increase in the number of foals from mares of high genetic value. The present manuscript describes the procedures used for collecting immature and mature oocytes from horse ovaries using ovum pick-up (OPU). These oocytes were then used to investigate the incidence of aneuploidy by adapting a protocol previously developed in mice...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516494/recommendations-for-approaches-to-meticillin-resistant-staphylococcal-infections-of-small-animals-diagnosis-therapeutic-considerations-and-preventative-measures-clinical-consensus-guidelines-of-the-world-association-for-veterinary-dermatology
#4
REVIEW
Daniel O Morris, Anette Loeffler, Meghan F Davis, Luca Guardabassi, J Scott Weese
BACKGROUND: Multiple drug resistance (MDR) in staphylococci, including resistance to the semi-synthetic penicillinase-resistant penicillins such as meticillin, is a problem of global proportions that presents serious challenges to the successful treatment of staphylococcal infections of companion animals. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this document is to provide harmonized recommendations for the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of meticillin-resistant staphylococcal infections in dogs and cats...
June 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515479/acquisition-of-virulence-factors-in-livestock-associated-mrsa-lysogenic-conversion-of-cc398-strains-by-virulence-gene-containing-phages
#5
Britta Kraushaar, Jens Andre Hammerl, Marina Kienöl, Marie Luise Heinig, Nina Sperling, Mai Dinh Thanh, Jochen Reetz, Claudia Jäckel, Alexandra Fetsch, Stefan Hertwig
Staphylococcus aureus MRSA strains belonging to the clonal complex 398 (CC398) are highly prevalent in livestock and companion animals but may also cause serious infections in humans. CC398 strains in livestock usually do not possess well-known virulence factors that can be frequently found in other MRSA sequence types (ST). Since many staphylococcal virulence genes are residing on the genomes of temperate phages, the question arises why livestock-associated (LA-) CC398 strains are only rarely infected by those phages...
May 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515300/a-novel-a-h7n2-influenza-virus-isolated-from-a-veterinarian-caring-for-cats-in-a-new-york-city-animal-shelter-causes-mild-disease-and-transmits-poorly-in-the-ferret-model
#6
Jessica A Belser, Joanna A Pulit-Penaloza, Xiangjie Sun, Nicole Brock, Claudia Pappas, Hannah M Creager, Hui Zeng, Terrence M Tumpey, Taronna R Maines
In December 2016, a low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) A(H7N2) virus was identified as the causative source of an outbreak in a cat shelter in New York City, which subsequently spread to multiple shelters in New York and Pennsylvania. One person with occupational exposure to infected cats became infected with the virus, representing the first LPAI H7N2 human infection in North America since 2003. Considering the close contact that frequently occurs between companion animals and humans, it was critical to assess the relative risk of this novel virus to public health...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514013/antimicrobial-prescribing-in-dogs-and-cats-in-australia-results-of-the-australasian-infectious-disease-advisory-panel-survey
#7
L Y Hardefeldt, S Holloway, D J Trott, M Shipstone, V R Barrs, R Malik, M Burrows, S Armstrong, G F Browning, M Stevenson
BACKGROUND: Investigations of antimicrobial use in companion animals are limited. With the growing recognition of the need for improved antimicrobial stewardship, there is urgent need for more detailed understanding of the patterns of antimicrobial use in this sector. OBJECTIVES: To investigate antimicrobial use for medical and surgical conditions in dogs and cats by Australian veterinarians. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed over 4 months in 2011...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513313/odontogenic-fibromyxoma-in-a-cat-first-confirmed-case-in-this-species
#8
Kristin I Scott, Colin E Harvey, James G Anthony, Roy Pool
An inflammatory gingival mass surrounding resorbing teeth was diagnosed via biopsy in a 9-year-old domestic shorthair cat. A dorsal rim excision was performed to remove the entire mass with associated teeth and bone. Histopathological diagnosis of the en bloc tissue revealed an odontogenic fibromyxoma. Extensive literature review revealed few case reports of companion animals with this neoplasm, and none in a feline patient. This report documents the clinical presentation, diagnostic differentials, surgical therapy, and long-term follow-up of an odontogenic fibromyxoma in a cat...
March 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507766/effect-of-dietary-mannanoligosaccharide-supplementation-on-nutrient-digestibility-hindgut-fermentation-immune-response-and-antioxidant-indices-in-dogs
#9
Mahesh M Pawar, Ashok K Pattanaik, Dharmendra K Sinha, Tapas K Goswami, Kusumakar Sharma
BACKGROUND: Use of prebiotics in companion animal nutrition is often considered advantageous over probiotics because of the ease of handling, ability to withstand processing and storage etc. While most of the studies on prebiotic use in dogs have been done with processed food as basal diet, the response in relation to homemade diet feeding is not very well explored. METHODS: The study was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary mannanoligosaccharide (MOS) supplementation on nutrient digestibility, hindgut fermentation, immune response and antioxidant indices in dogs...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504425/active-surveillance-to-update-county-scale-distribution-of-four-tick-species-of-medical-and-veterinary-importance-in-oklahoma
#10
Jessica R Mitcham, Anne W Barrett, Jeff M Gruntmeir, Taylor Holland, Jaclyn E Martin, Eileen M Johnson, Susan E Little, Bruce H Noden
The incidence of tick-borne disease continues to increase in humans and companion animals in the United States, yet distribution maps for several tick vectors in Oklahoma, including Dermacentor variabilis, Dermacentor albipictus, Ixodes scapularis, and Amblyomma maculatum, are not available or are outdated. To address this issue, county-scale tick records from peer-reviewed literature and passive collections were reviewed for Oklahoma. Additionally, dry ice traps, tick drags, and harvested deer were utilized to actively collect adult ticks throughout the state...
June 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502741/high-metabolic-activity-of-tissue-nonspecific-alkaline-phosphatase-not-only-in-young-but-also-in-adult-bone-as-demonstrated-using-a-new-histochemical-detection-protocol
#11
I Piotr Maly, Elisabeth Eppler, Magdalena Müller-Gerbl
Tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNAP) is playing a key role in bone calcification, as has been demonstrated in different mammalian species including human and rodents. However, to investigate age-related changes during life history, histochemical demonstration of TNAP is severely hampered, particularly in the elderly, by technical difficulties associated with sectioning calcified tissue. Sufficient fixation must precede decalcification since poorly fixed bone tissue is exposed to the deleterious effects of decalcification reagents...
May 11, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497029/reciprocal-interactions-between-nematodes-and-their-microbial-environments
#12
REVIEW
Ankur Midha, Josephine Schlosser, Susanne Hartmann
Parasitic nematode infections are widespread in nature, affecting humans as well as wild, companion, and livestock animals. Most parasitic nematodes inhabit the intestines of their hosts living in close contact with the intestinal microbiota. Many species also have tissue migratory life stages in the absence of severe systemic inflammation of the host. Despite the close coexistence of helminths with numerous microbes, little is known concerning these interactions. While the environmental niche is considerably different, the free-living nematode Caenorhabditis elegans (C...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494169/companion-animals-in-natural-disasters-a-scoping-review-of-scholarly-sources
#13
Cheryl Travers, Chris Degeling, Melanie Rock
During a disaster, people may make evacuation decisions based on their companion animal's welfare, therefore exposing themselves, their companion animals, and emergency responders to increased risk for injury or death. The loss and suffering of companion animals in disasters causes deep distress, diminishing people's capacity to rebuild their lives. This scoping review presents scholarly research studies and reviews relating to people and their companion animals in the context of disasters, with an aim of informing researchers, policymakers, and practitioners and providing direction for future research...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490283/companion-animal-death
#14
Allison M J Reisbig, McArthur Hafen, Adryanna A Siqueira Drake, Destiny Girard, Zachary B Breunig
Human-animal relationships are increasingly incorporated into families as a normal part of family life. Despite this, relationships with animals are often viewed as inferior to human relationships. This becomes problematic during times of loss and grief when members of a grieving companion animal owner's support system do not understand the salience of the relationship with the animal. Veterinary and other helping professionals need basic information about the experience of companion animal loss in order to help support and normalize the experiences of grieving companion animal owners...
June 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490281/beyond-recovery
#15
Paul W C Wong, Kenny C T Lau, Lucia L Liu, Gloria S N Yuen, Poon Wing-Lok
It is a worldwide trend that more households are having pets or companion animals. Hence, there has been an increasing number of animal lovers experience companion animal loss bereavement. This form of bereavement has not been explored in Chinese societies. We conducted a qualitative study using in-depth interviews with 31 animal lovers and recruited through convenience and snowball sampling in Hong Kong. Companion animal loss bereavement appears to share similar features to other forms of bereavement but also has its unique features...
June 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481141/welfare-impacts-of-spay-neuter-focused-outreach-on-companion-animals-in-new-york-city-public-housing
#16
Emily D Dolan, Emily Weiss, Margaret R Slater
Spay/neuter (S/N) programs aim to reduce shelter intake and euthanasia. However, there is little published evidence of a causal effect between S/N programs and shelter intake or euthanasia. To uncover any ancillary effects of S/N, this study examined the impact of S/N door-to-door outreach on welfare-related outcomes and attitudes around S/N in underserved areas of New York City. There was no significant difference between a group receiving intensive outreach and a comparison group on whether they had rehomed a companion animal in the last year...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470002/veterinarians-and-humane-endings-when-is-it-the-right-time-to-euthanize-a-companion-animal
#17
Oliver Knesl, Benjamin L Hart, Aubrey H Fine, Leslie Cooper, Emily Patterson-Kane, Kendall Elizabeth Houlihan, Raymond Anthony
Current advances in technologies and treatments provide pet owners and veterinarians with more options for prolonging the life of beloved pets, but can simultaneously lead to ethical dilemmas relating to what is best for both animal and owner. Key tools for improving end-of-life outcomes include (1) sufficient training to understand the valid ethical approaches to determining when euthanasia is appropriate, (2) regular training in client communication skills, and (3) a standard end-of-life protocol that includes the use of quality of life assessment tools, euthanasia consent forms, and pet owner resources for coping with the loss of a pet...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468668/proteomic-anaysis-of-aged-microglia-shifts-in-transcription-bioenergetics-and-nutrient-response
#18
Antwoine Flowers, Harris Bell-Temin, Ahmad Jalloh, Stanley M Stevens, Paula C Bickford
BACKGROUND: Age is the primary risk factor for many diseases. As such, age is a critical co-factor for examination in order to understand the progression and potential intervention in disease progression. Studies examining both the phenotype and transcriptome of aged microglia demonstrated a propensity for the development of a pro-inflammatory phenotype. Less well studied is the concomitant blunting of anti-inflammatory aspects of microglial function with age which also impact plasticity and repair in the CNS...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467121/companion-animal-caregiver-knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-regarding-end-of-life-care
#19
Roschelle A Heuberger, Jessica Pierce
Although awareness of end-of-life care is growing within the veterinary field and there appears to be consumer demand for these services, it is unclear exactly what caregivers know about end-of-life options for their companion animals. Are companion-animal caregivers aware of the range of options for their nonhuman animals? What do they value most highly for their nonhuman animals at the end of life? Answers to these and other related questions about caregiver perceptions are important because what they know about end-of-life care and how they approach decision-making for their companion animals will shape the kind of care an animal receives...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462753/the-passive-surveillance-of-ticks-using-companion-animal-electronic-health-records
#20
J S P Tulloch, L McGinley, F Sánchez-Vizcaíno, J M Medlock, A D Radford
Ticks represent a large global reservoir of zoonotic disease. Current surveillance systems can be time and labour intensive. We propose that the passive surveillance of companion animal electronic health records (EHRs) could provide a novel methodology for describing temporal and spatial tick activity. A total of 16 58 857 EHRs were collected over a 2-year period (31 March 2014 and 29 May 2016) from companion animals attending a large sentinel network of 192 veterinary clinics across Great Britain (the Small Animal Veterinary Surveillance Network - SAVSNET)...
May 2, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
keyword
keyword
41104
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"