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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932999/prolonged-transport-and-cannibalism-of-mummified-infant-remains-by-a-tonkean-macaque-mother
#1
Arianna De Marco, Roberto Cozzolino, Bernard Thierry
Observations of animals' responses to dying or dead companions raise questions about their awareness of states of helplessness or death of other individuals. In this context, we report the case of a female Tonkean macaque (Macaca tonkeana) that transported the body of her dead infant for 25 days and cannibalized its mummified parts. The mother appeared agitated in the first 2 days after the birth. She then took care of her infant's corpse, which progressively dried and became mummified. In a third stage, the mother continued to transport the corpse as it started disintegrating, and she gnawed and consumed some parts of the remains...
September 20, 2017: Primates; Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932774/transcriptomic-and-bioinformatics-analysis-of-the-early-time-course-of-the-response-to-prostaglandin-f2-alpha-in-the-bovine-corpus-luteum
#2
Heather Talbott, Xiaoying Hou, Fang Qiu, Pan Zhang, Chittibabu Guda, Fang Yu, Robert A Cushman, Jennifer R Wood, Cheng Wang, Andrea S Cupp, John S Davis
RNA expression analysis was performed on the corpus luteum tissue at five time points after prostaglandin F2 alpha treatment of midcycle cows using an Affymetrix Bovine Gene v1 Array. The normalized linear microarray data was uploaded to the NCBI GEO repository (GSE94069). Subsequent statistical analysis determined differentially expressed transcripts ± 1.5-fold change from saline control with P ≤ 0.05. Gene ontology of differentially expressed transcripts was annotated by DAVID and Panther. Physiological characteristics of the study animals are presented in a figure...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930021/blactx-m-27-encoding-escherichia-coli-sequence-type-131-lineage-c1-m27-clone-in-clinical-isolates-germany
#3
Hiren Ghosh, Swapnil Doijad, Linda Falgenhauer, Moritz Fritzenwanker, Can Imirzalioglu, Trinad Chakraborty
We examined extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing isolates from livestock, humans, companion animals, food, and the environment during 2009-2016 in Germany for the presence of CTX-M-27 allele within Escherichia coli sequence type (ST) 131. E. coli ST131 C1-M27 was exclusively present in humans; its incidence increased from 0% in 2009 to 45% in 2016.
October 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926021/the-economics-of-animal-welfare
#4
T J Gibson, E L Jackson
This paper examines four examples of animal welfare issues, demonstrating the interactions between welfare and economic principles. Welfare issues associated with purebred companion animals are examined in terms of predicted inherited diseases, highlighting the power of supply and demand in perpetuating traits in pets that compromise their well-being. The livestock industry is presented from the point of view of pig production and the impact that a major disease (pleurisy) has on production and the animals' welfare...
April 2017: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922060/risk-factors-for-nasal-colonization-by-methicillin-resistant-staphylococci-in-healthy-humans-in-professional-daily-contact-with-companion-animals-in-portugal
#5
Ana Catarina Rodrigues, Adriana Belas, Cátia Marques, Luís Cruz, Luís T Gama, Constança Pomba
Methicillin-resistant staphylococci (MRS), namely Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (MRSP), are opportunistic agents of great importance in human and veterinary medicine. The aims of this study were to investigate the frequency, persistence, and risk factors associated with nasal colonization by MRS in people in daily contact with animals in Portugal. Seventy-nine out of 129 (61.2%) participants were found to be colonized by, at least, one methicillin-resistant (MR) staphylococci species (MR Staphylococcus epidermidis [n = 68], MRSA [n = 19], MR Staphylococcus haemolyticus [n = 7], MRSP [n = 2], and other coagulase-negative staphylococci [n = 4])...
September 18, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918233/the-role-of-callous-unemotional-traits-in-mediating-the-association-between-animal-abuse-exposure-and-behavior-problems-among-children-exposed-to-intimate-partner-violence
#6
Shelby Elaine McDonald, Julia Dmitrieva, Sunny Shin, Stephanie A Hitti, Sandra A Graham-Bermann, Frank R Ascione, James Herbert Williams
Children exposed to intimate partner violence are at increased risk for concomitant exposure to maltreatment of companion animals. There is emerging evidence that childhood exposure to maltreatment of companion animals is associated with psychopathology in childhood and adulthood. However, few studies have explored developmental factors that might help to explain pathways from animal maltreatment exposure to children's maladjustment. The present study addresses this gap in the literature by examining relations between children's exposure to animal maltreatment, callous/unemotional traits (i...
September 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900347/campylobacter-from-microbiology-to-prevention
#7
REVIEW
A Facciolà, R Riso, E Avventuroso, G Visalli, S A Delia, P Laganà
In last years, Campylobacter spp has become one of the most important foodborne pathogens even in high-income countries. Particularly, in Europe, Campylobacteriosis is, since 2005, the foodborne disease most frequently notified and the second in USA, preceded by the infection due to Salmonella spp. Campylobacter spp is a commensal microorganism of the gastrointestinal tract of many wild animals (birds such as ducks and gulls), farm animals (cattle and pigs) and companion animals (such as dogs and cats) and it is responsible for zoonoses...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899663/prevalence-of-antibodies-against-severe-fever-with-thrombocytopenia-syndrome-virus-in-shelter-dogs-in-the-republic-of-korea
#8
Seung-Hun Lee, Hyun-Joo Kim, Min-Jung Lee, Jae-Won Byun, Da-Young Kim, Neung-Hee Kim, Doo-Hwan Kim, Dongmi Kwak, Hae-Eun Kang, Hyang-Mi Nam
The purpose of this study was to investigate the seroprevalence of antibodies against severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV) in shelter dogs in the Republic of Korea (ROK) using an indirect immunofluorescence assay and virus neutralization test. Sera were collected from 426 dogs in 12 animal shelters throughout the ROK from March 2016 to November 2016. Overall, 59 of 426 (13.9%) samples were seropositive for antibodies against SFTSV. A significant difference was observed in accordance with the sampling region (p<0...
September 5, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899307/atypical-outbreak-of-q-fever-affecting-low-risk-residents-of-a-remote-rural-town-in-new-south-wales
#9
Brett N Archer, Cathie Hallahan, Priscilla Stanley, Kathy Seward, Margaret Lesjak, Kirsty Hope, Anthony Brown
We investigated an outbreak of Q fever in a remote rural town in New South Wales, Australia. Cases identified through active and passive case finding activities, and retrospective laboratory record review were interviewed using a standard questionnaire. Two sets of case-case analyses were completed to generate hypotheses regarding clinical, epidemiological and exposure risk factors associated with infection during the outbreak. Laboratory-confirmed outbreak cases (n=14) were compared with an excluded case group (n=16) and a group of historic Q fever cases from the region (n=106)...
June 30, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898662/size-dependent-variation-in-plant-form
#10
Karl J Niklas, Edward D Cobb
The study of organic form has a long and distinguished history going at least as far back as Aristotle's Historia Anima¯lium, wherein he identified five basic biological processes that define the forms of animals (metabolism, temperature regulation, information processing, embryo development, and inheritance). Unfortunately, all of Aristotle's writings about plant forms are lost. We know of them only indirectly from his student Theophrastus's companion books, collectively called Historia Plantarum, wherein plant forms are categorized into annual herbs, herbaceous perennials, shrubs, and trees...
September 11, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898355/topical-cross-linked-ha-based-hydrogel-accelerates-closure-of-corneal-epithelial-defects-and-repair-of-stromal-ulceration-in-companion-animals
#11
David L Williams, Barbara M Wirostko, Glenwood Gum, Brenda K Mann
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the safety of topical ocular administration of a cross-linked, modified hyaluronic acid (xCMHA-S) hydrogel, and its effectiveness in accelerating repair and closure of acute and nonhealing corneal ulcers in companion animals as a veterinary treatment and its utility as a model for therapy in human corneal ulceration. Methods: Two concentrations of xCMHA-S (0.33% and 0.75%) were topically administered to the eyes of rabbits six times daily for 28 days to assess safety...
September 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895076/new-botanical-anxiolytics-for-use-in-companion-animals-and-humans
#12
Rui Liu, Fida Ahmed, Christian Cayer, Martha Mullally, Ana Francis Carballo, Marco Otarola Rojas, Mario Garcia, John Baker, Aleksandar Masic, Pablo E Sanchez, Luis Poveda, Zul Merali, Tony Durst, John T Arnason
As part of our ongoing research into botanical therapies for anxiety disorders, the neotropical vine Souroubea sympetala was chosen for study as a phytochemical discovery strategy focusing on rare Central American plant families. When orally administered to male Sprague-Dawley rats, the crude plant extract, its ethyl acetate fraction, supercritical carbon dioxide fraction, or its isolated triterpenes reduced anxiety and/or fear-related behavior in standardized behavioral models. Pharmacological studies showed that the extracts acted at the benzodiazepine GABAA receptor and reduced corticosterone levels...
September 11, 2017: AAPS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888652/erratum-to-antimicrobials-used-for-surgical-prophylaxis-by-companion-animal-veterinarians-in-australia-vet-microbiol-203c-2017-301-307
#13
Laura Y Hardefeldt, Glenn F Browning, Karin Thursky, James R Gilkerson, Helen Billman-Jacobe, Mark A Stevenson, Kirsten E Bailey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888629/prevalence-of-lapine-rotavirus-astrovirus-and-hepatitis-e-virus-in-canadian-domestic-rabbit-populations
#14
XiaoTing Xie, Joanna Bil, Emily Shantz, Jutta Hammermueller, Eva Nagy, Patricia V Turner
Lapine rotavirus and astrovirus have been associated with disease in rabbits, and there is strong evidence of zoonotic transmission of lapine hepatitis E virus (HEV). Outbreaks of enteritis are common on commercial meat farms, resulting in poor welfare, high rabbit mortality, and significant financial losses for rabbit producers. Currently, none of these viruses are routinely tested by diagnostic laboratories. In this study, we assessed the prevalence of rotavirus, astrovirus, and HEV RNA in 205 pooled and individual fecal samples from healthy Canadian laboratory, companion, shelter and commercial meat rabbit populations...
September 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878419/l%C3%A2-euthanasie-de-convenance-des-animaux-de-compagnie-portrait-du-dilemme-au-sein-de-la-profession-v%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-rinaire-qu%C3%A3-b%C3%A3-coise
#15
Dominick Rathwell-Deault, Béatrice Godard, Diane Frank, André Ravel, Béatrice Doizé
Convenience euthanasia in companion animals: Dilemma among veterinarians in Quebec. Many veterinarians working in the field of companion animal medicine have to deal with requests for convenience euthanasia in their practices. As it is the case in other medical fields, veterinarians are trained to treat their patients. It is thus easy to understand that veterinarians consider convenience euthanasia as one of the most difficult ethical dilemmas they have to deal with in their practice. Regulatory boundaries concerning the practice of euthanasia are limited to the method use to induce the death of the animal but do not give any indication as to what should be the proper circumstances surrounding the request...
September 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871243/first-molecular-detection-of-babesia-gibsoni-in-dogs-from-wuhan-china
#16
Lan He, Xiaoyan Miao, Jinfang Hu, Yuan Huang, Pei He, Junwei He, Long Yu, Ngabu Malobi, Ligang Shi, Junlong Zhao
Canine piroplasmosis is a significant disease in dogs caused by Babesia and Theileria parasites. The clinical manifestations range from mild illness to serious disease depending on the parasite species and the physical condition of the infected dog. Canine piroplasmosis has been reported to be prevalent in China. However, no molecular evidence of the disease has been reported in pet dogs from Wuhan. In this study, 118 blood samples were randomly collected from pet dogs in veterinary clinics. The blood samples were subjected to both microscopic examination and reverse line blot (RLB) hybridization assays to detect piroplasm infection...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871130/early-weaning-increases-aggression-and-stereotypic-behaviour-in-cats
#17
Milla K Ahola, Katariina Vapalahti, Hannes Lohi
Behaviour problems are common in companion felines, and problematic behaviour may be a sign of chronic stress. In laboratory animals, early weaning increases the risk for aggression, anxiety, and stereotypic behaviour. However, very few studies have focused on early weaning in one of the world's most popular pets, the domestic cat, although weaning soon after the critical period of socialisation is common practice. To study the effects of early weaning (<12 weeks) on behaviour, a large data set (N = 5726, 40 breeds) was collected from home-living domestic cats through a questionnaire survey...
September 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870976/caregiver-burden-in-owners-of-a-sick-companion-animal-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#18
Mary Beth Spitznagel, Dana M Jacobson, Melanie D Cox, Mark D Carlson
Much recent work has focused on occupational stress in veterinary medicine, although little is known about the possible contribution of client-based factors. Clients providing care for a companion animal with protracted illness are likely to experience 'caregiver burden' and reduced psychosocial functioning, which may ultimately lead to increased veterinarian stress. This cross-sectional observational study assessed caregiver burden and psychosocial function in 238 owners of a dog or cat, comparing owners of an animal with chronic or terminal diseases (n=119) with healthy controls blindly matched for owner age/sex and animal species (n=119)...
September 4, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869327/seasonal-variation-of-effectiveness-of-the-boar-operated-system-to-deliver-baits-to-wild-boar
#19
F Ferretti, J Coats, D Cowan, S Pietravalle, G Massei
BACKGROUND: Wild boar and feral pig numbers are growing worldwide and have substantial economic and environmental impacts. Bait-delivered pharmaceuticals such as disease vaccines, toxicants and contraceptives are advocated to mitigate these impacts. Effective campaigns based on these pharmaceuticals rely on optimising the target species' bait uptake, that might differ between seasons. We investigated seasonal differences in use of Boar-Operated-Systems (BOS) by wild boar and non-target species in an English woodland...
September 4, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864528/parallel-careers-a-parasitologist-and-a-vet
#20
Ian Wright
Ian Wright heads the European Scientific Counsel Companion Animal Parasites (ESCCAP) UK and Ireland, which involves some international travel. He and his wife are also practice owners and they have two children. He admits that work-life balance can be a challenge.
September 2, 2017: Veterinary Record
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