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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26968058/a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence-on-spontaneous-resolution-of-laryngomalacia-and-its-symptoms
#1
Andre Isaac, Han Zhang, Sue Rene Soon, Sandra Campbell, Hamdy El-Hakim
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Laryngomalacia (LM) is the most common cause of congenital stridor. Tradition holds that the majority of patients resolve spontaneously by 12-18 months of age. The objective of this study was to systematically review the literature on the spontaneous resolution of LM and/or its presenting symptoms, in otherwise healthy infants. METHODS: Data sources included Medline/PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, CINAHL, Proquest, Cochrane database, Cochrane Methodology Register, Web of Science Conference Proceedings Citation Index, and ACP Journal Club...
April 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26943709/medium-increased-risk-for-central-sleep-apnea-but-not-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-long-term-opioid-users-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Marie-Lou Filiatrault, Jean-Marc Chauny, Raoul Daoust, Marie-Pier Roy, Ronald Denis, Gilles Lavigne
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Opioids are associated with higher risk for ataxic breathing and sleep apnea. We conducted a systematic literature review and meta-analysis to assess the influence of long-term opioid use on the apnea-hypopnea and central apnea indices (AHI and CAI, respectively). METHODS: A systematic review protocol (Cochrane Handbook guidelines) was developed for the search and analysis. We searched Embase, Medline, ACP Journal Club, and Cochrane Database up to November 2014 for three topics: (1) narcotics, (2) sleep apnea, and (3) apnea-hypopnea index...
April 15, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26871775/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-antiinterleukin-13-a-monoclonal-antibody-in-adult-patients-with-asthma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Jian Luo, Dan Liu, Chun-Tao Liu
Effects of antiinterleukin 13 therapies in patients with asthma remain inconsistent. Therefore, we aimed to further clarify the efficacy and safety of antiinterleukin 13 therapies in adult asthmatics by a systematic review and meta-analysis.Randomized controlled trials which reported pulmonary functions, fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO), Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ), rescue use of short-acting-β-agonist (SABA), and rate of asthmatic exacerbation and adverse events were identified in Pubmed, Embase, Medline, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), American College of Physician (ACP) Journal Club, and ISI Web of Science, reference lists and by manual searches...
February 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26699191/towards-evidence-based-emergency-medicine-best-bets-from-the-manchester-royal-infirmary-bet-2-is-st-elevation-in-avr-a-sure-sign-of-left-main-coronary-artery-stenosis
#4
REVIEW
Niall Morris, Richard Body
A shortcut review was carried out to establish whether ST elevation in aVR accurately identifies acute myocardial infarction caused by left main coronary artery stenosis. 141 unique papers were found in Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, ACP Journal Club and the Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects using the reported searches. Of these, 12 presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of these best papers are tabulated...
January 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26467201/ability-of-hemostatic-assessment-to-detect-bleeding-disorders-and-to-predict-abnormal-surgical-blood-loss-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Joanne Guay, David Faraoni, Fanny Bonhomme, Annie Borel Derlon, Dominique Lasne
BACKGROUND: Systematic preoperative coagulation testing is still widely used in children scheduled for surgery, although current guidelines recommend that a bleeding history should be the first choice for hemostatic assessment. We performed a systematic review with meta-analysis to evaluate the pertinence of bleeding questionnaire and screening laboratory testing to detect bleeding disorders (BDs) in children and to predict abnormal surgical blood loss. METHODS: A search was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, MEDLINE(R), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Health technology Assessment, and all EBM Reviews (Cochrane DSR, ACP Journal Club, DARE, CCTR, CMR, HTA, and NHSEED and EBM Reviews) up to October 22, 2013...
December 2015: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26436568/interventions-at-the-laboratory-level-to-reduce-laboratory-test-ordering-by-family-physicians-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Roger E Thomas, Marcus Vaska, Christopher Naugler, Tanvir C Turin
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of interventions by laboratories and to increase rational and reduce unnecessary family physician test ordering. DESIGN AND METHODS: MEDLINE [1946-present], EMBASE [1980-present], EBM Reviews [1991-present](Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, ACP Journal Club, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects, - Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Methodology Register, Health Technology Assessment, NHS Economic Evaluation Database), PubMed [1966-present], PubMed Central [1900-present], Scopus [1960-present], Web of Science [1900-present] and CINAHL [1982-present] were searched with no language or publication limits...
December 2015: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26342400/systematic-review-of-anticoagulant-treatment-of-catheter-related-thrombosis
#7
REVIEW
Lisa Baumann Kreuziger, Oluwatoyosi Onwuemene, Emma Kolesar, Mark Crowther, Wendy Lim
Central venous catheter-related thrombosis (CRT) is a complication seen in patients requiring long-term intravenous access. Treatment of CRT is not standardized and international guidelines for treatment are based on extrapolation of evidence from lower extremity thrombosis. We performed a systematic review of the literature to evaluate if duration of anticoagulation affects the risk of recurrent venous thrombosis, post-thrombotic syndrome, or major hemorrhage. We searched PubMed, Embase, Medline, CINAHL, Cochrane, and ACP Journal club for studies of CRT treated with anticoagulation...
December 2015: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26228363/the-impact-of-clostridum-difficile-on-surgical-rate-among-ulcerative-colitis-patients-a-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Jiang-Chen Peng, Jun Shen, Qi Zhu, Zhi-Hua Ran
There is growing recognition of the impact of Clostridum difficile infection (CDI) on patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Clostridium difficile infection causes greater morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of C. difficile on surgical risk among ulcerative colitis (UC) patients. We searched the following databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, ACP Journal Club, DARE, CMR, and HTA. Studies were included if fulfilled the following criteria: (1) Cohort or case-control studies, which involved a comparison group that lacked CDI, (2) Patients were given a primary diagnosis of UC, (3) Comorbidity of CDI was evaluated by enzyme immunoassay of stool for C...
July 2015: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26225553/a-scoping-review-of-empirical-research-relating-to-quality-and-effectiveness-of-research-ethics-review
#9
Stuart G Nicholls, Tavis P Hayes, Jamie C Brehaut, Michael McDonald, Charles Weijer, Raphael Saginur, Dean Fergusson
BACKGROUND: To date there is no established consensus of assessment criteria for evaluating research ethics review. METHODS: We conducted a scoping review of empirical research assessing ethics review processes in order to identify common elements assessed, research foci, and research gaps to aid in the development of assessment criteria. Electronic searches of Ovid Medline, PsychInfo, and the Cochrane DSR, ACP Journal Club, DARE, CCTR, CMR, HTA, and NHSEED, were conducted...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26164255/non-anti-tnf-biologic-modifier-drugs-in-non-infectious-refractory-chronic-uveitis-the-current-evidence-from-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Gabriele Simonini, Rolando Cimaz, Gareth T Jones, Gary J Macfarlane
OBJECTIVE: To examine, separately, in children and adults with autoimmune chronic uveitis (ACU), the evidence regarding the effectiveness and the safety of switching to a non-anti-TNF biologic modifier immunosuppressant treatment (NTT) currently available in clinical practice. METHODS: A systematic search between January 2000 and April 2014 was conducted using EMBASE, Ovid MEDLINE, Evidence Based Medicine Reviews-ACP Journal Club, Cochrane libraries, and EBM Reviews...
October 2015: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26061988/effect-of-non-surgical-maxillary-expansion-on-the-nasal-septum-deviation-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Tehnia Aziz, Kal Ansari, Manuel O Lagravere, Michael P Major, Carlos Flores-Mir
Nasal breathing is a requirement for proper growth and development of the craniofacial complex. Inadequacy of the nasal airway from obstruction such as from nasal septal deviation (NSD) can affect craniofacial development. Further investigation of the possibility of rapid maxillary expansion (RME) correcting NSD would be valuable, considering the undesirable sequelae of NSD on nasal breathing, which can consequently affect craniofacial development. A systematic review of the effect of RME treatment on NSD was conducted...
2015: Progress in Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25942496/sweet-tasting-solutions-for-reduction-of-needle-related-procedural-pain-in-children-aged-one-to-16-years
#12
REVIEW
Denise Harrison, Janet Yamada, Thomasin Adams-Webber, Arne Ohlsson, Joseph Beyene, Bonnie Stevens
BACKGROUND: Extensive evidence exists showing analgesic effects of sweet solutions for newborns and infants. It is less certain if the same analgesic effects exist for children one year to 16 years of age. This is an updated version of the original Cochrane review published in Issue 10, 2011 (Harrison 2011) titled Sweet tasting solutions for reduction of needle-related procedural pain in children aged one to 16 years. OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of sweet tasting solutions or substances for reducing needle-related procedural pain in children beyond one year of age...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25922337/biofouling-of-surgical-power-tools-during-routine-use
#13
REVIEW
A Deshpande, G W G Smith, A J Smith
Surgical power tools (SPTs) are frequently used in many surgical specialties such as dentistry, orthopaedics, ophthalmology, neurology, and podiatry. They have complex designs that may restrict access to cleaning and sterilization agents and frequently become contaminated with microbial and tissue residues following use. Due to these challenges, surgical power tools can be considered the weak link in the decontamination cycle and present a potential for iatrogenic transmission of infection. We aimed to review the existing literature on the decontamination of surgical power tools and associated iatrogenic transmission of infection...
July 2015: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25887212/tnf-alpha-inhibitors-for-ankylosing-spondylitis
#14
REVIEW
Lara J Maxwell, Jane Zochling, Annelies Boonen, Jasvinder A Singh, Mirella M S Veras, Elizabeth Tanjong Ghogomu, Maria Benkhalti Jandu, Peter Tugwell, George A Wells
BACKGROUND: TNF (tumor necrosis factor)-alpha inhibitors block a key protein in the inflammatory chain reaction responsible for joint inflammation, pain, and damage in ankylosing spondylitis. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefit and harms of adalimumab, etanercept, golimumab, and infliximab (TNF-alpha inhibitors) in people with ankylosing spondylitis. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following databases to January 26, 2009: MEDLINE (from 1966); EMBASE (from 1980); the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2008, Issue 4); ACP Journal Club; CINAHL (from 1982); and ISI Web of Knowledge (from 1900)...
April 18, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25781999/the-cost-effectiveness-of-biologics-for-the-treatment-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Jaana T Joensuu, Saara Huoponen, Kalle J Aaltonen, Yrjö T Konttinen, Dan Nordström, Marja Blom
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Economic evaluations provide information to aid the optimal utilization of limited healthcare resources. Costs of biologics for Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are remarkably high, which makes these agents an important target for economic evaluations. This systematic review aims to identify existing studies examining the cost-effectiveness of biologics for RA, assess their quality and report their results systematically. METHODS: A literature search covering Medline, Scopus, Cochrane library, ACP Journal club and Web of Science was performed in March 2013...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25710094/yoga-interventions-in-pregnancy-a-qualitative-review
#16
REVIEW
Manoj Sharma, Paul Branscum
OBJECTIVES: Every second 4.3 births occur in the world, signifying the magnitude and importance of pregnancy. This study looked at yoga interventions done from 2008 to December 2013 and examined whether yoga can be an efficacious approach for influencing maternal and birth outcomes in pregnancy. DESIGN: A systematic search of MEDLINE (PubMed), CINAHL, Alt HealthWatch, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and ACP Journal Club databases was conducted for quantitative articles of pregnancy involving all schools of yoga...
April 2015: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25709787/sono-elastography-for-differentiating-benign-and-malignant-cervical-lymph-nodes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Mahsa Ghajarzadeh, Mehdi Mohammadifar, Kamran Azarkhish, Seyed Hassan Emami-Razavi
We did this systematic review to determine diagnostic accuracy of sono-elastography in evaluating cervical lymph nodes (LNs). A highly sensitive search for sono-elastography and LNs was performed in MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, ACP Journal Club, EMBASE, Health Technology assessment, and ISI web of knowledge for studies published prior to December 2012. SPSS version 18 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) used for descriptive analysis and meta-disk version 1.4 applied for meta-analysis. Forest plots for pooled estimates and summery of receiver operating characteristic plots for different cut-offs were produced...
December 2014: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25271409/capsule-endoscopy-for-the-diagnosis-of-oesophageal-varices-in-people-with-chronic-liver-disease-or-portal-vein-thrombosis
#18
REVIEW
Agostino Colli, Juan Cristóbal Gana, Dan Turner, Jason Yap, Thomasin Adams-Webber, Simon C Ling, Giovanni Casazza
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend performance of oesophago-gastro-duodenoscopy at the time of diagnosis of hepatic cirrhosis to screen for oesophageal varices. These guidelines require people to undergo an unpleasant invasive procedure repeatedly with its attendant risks, despite the fact that half of the people do not have identifiable oesophageal varices 10 years after the initial diagnosis of cirrhosis. Video capsule endoscopy is a non-invasive test proposed as an alternative method for the diagnosis of oesophageal varices...
2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25047428/fluid-resuscitation-in-sepsis-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Bram Rochwerg, Waleed Alhazzani, Anees Sindi, Diane Heels-Ansdell, Lehana Thabane, Alison Fox-Robichaud, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Wojciech Szczeklik, Fayez Alshamsi, Sultan Altayyar, Wang-Chun Ip, Guowei Li, Michael Wang, Anna Wludarczyk, Qi Zhou, Gordon H Guyatt, Deborah J Cook, Roman Jaeschke, Djillali Annane
BACKGROUND: Fluid resuscitation is the cornerstone of sepsis treatment. However, whether balanced or unbalanced crystalloids or natural or synthetic colloids confer a survival advantage is unclear. PURPOSE: To examine the effect of different resuscitative fluids on mortality in patients with sepsis. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, ACP Journal Club, CINAHL, HealthSTAR, the Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials through March 2014...
September 2, 2014: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24993955/brain-tissue-oxygenation-lactate-pyruvate-ratio-and-cerebrovascular-pressure-reactivity-monitoring-in-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-systematic-review-and-viewpoint
#20
REVIEW
Christos Lazaridis, Charles M Andrews
BACKGROUND: Prevention and detection of secondary brain insults via multimodality neuromonitoring is a major goal in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). OBJECTIVE: Explore the underlying pathophysiology and clinical outcome correlates as it pertains to combined monitoring of ≥2 from the following variables: partial brain tissue oxygen tension (PbtO(2)), pressure reactivity index (PRx), and lactate pyruvate ratio (LPR). METHODS: Data sources included Medline, EMBASE, and evidence-based databases (Cochrane DSR, ACP Journal Club, DARE, and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register)...
October 2014: Neurocritical Care
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