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Acp journal club

Iwona A Bielska, Xiang Wang, Raymond Lee, Ana P Johnson
BACKGROUND: Ankle and foot sprains and fractures are common injuries affecting many individuals, often requiring considerable and costly medical interventions. The objectives of this systematic review are to collect, assess, and critically appraise the published literature on the health economics of ankle and foot injury (sprain and fracture) treatment. METHODS: A systematic literature review of Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane DSR, ACP Journal Club, AMED, Ovid Healthstar, and CINAHL was conducted for English-language studies on the costs of treating ankle and foot sprains and fractures published from January 1980 to December 2014...
July 1, 2017: Foot
Kevin Phan, Adam A Dmytriw, Ian Teng, Justin M Moore, Christoph Griessenauer, Christopher Ogilvy, Ajith Thomas
BACKGROUND: The direct aspiration first pass technique (ADAPT) is a recent endovascular treatment for ischemic stroke due to large vessel occlusion that has been gaining popularity due to the rapidity of the technique and the potential for cost savings in comparison to standard thrombectomy methods such as stent retrievers. However, few studies have directly compared these 2. OBJECTIVE: To compare ADAPT with stent retrievers for thrombectomy via systematic review and meta-analysis...
July 21, 2017: Neurosurgery
M Álvarez-Camacho, S Gonella, S Campbell, R A Scrimger, W V Wismer
PURPOSE: To review the current knowledge on radiotherapy associated olfactory dysfunction among head and neck cancer (HNC) patients. METHODS: A systematic review of RT-related olfactory dysfunction in HNC was performed. Searches were conducted in several databases (Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, CAB Abstracts, SCOPUS, Proquest Dissertations and Theses, PROSPERO, ALLEBM Reviews - Cochrane DSR, ACP Journal Club, DARE, CCTR, CMR, HTA, and NHSEED). Publications investigating olfactory dysfunction as an explicit side effect of Radiotherapy (RT, or RT-chemo or RT-monoclonal antibodies) were eligible, no limits were applied...
March 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
Muaamar Al-Gobari, Hai-Ha Le, Mor Fall, François Gueyffier, Bernard Burnand
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Statins showed mixed results in heart failure (HF) patients. The benefits in major HF outcomes, including all-cause mortality and sudden cardiac death (SCD), have always been discordant across systematic reviews and meta-analyses. We intended to systematically identify and appraise the available evidence that evaluated the effectiveness of statins in clinical outcomes for HF patients. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: We searched, until April 28, 2016: Medline, Embase, ISI Web of Science and EBM reviews (Cochrane DSR, ACP journal club, DARE, CCTR, CMR, HTA, and NHSEED), checked clinicaltrials...
2017: PloS One
Charlotte Beaudart, Myriam Zaaria, Françoise Pasleau, Jean-Yves Reginster, Olivier Bruyère
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review to assess the short-, middle- and long-term consequences of sarcopenia. METHODS: Prospective studies assessing the consequences of sarcopenia were searched across different electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, EBM Reviews, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, EBM Reviews ACP Journal Club, EBM Reviews DARE and AMED). Only studies that used the definition of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People to diagnose sarcopenia were included...
2017: PloS One
Seyed-Abbas Hashemi, Seyed-Moayed Alavian, Mohammad Gholami-Fesharaki
BACKGROUND: Transient elastography (TE) is a new modality for the diagnosis of liver fibrosis caused by various etiologies. This study was conducted to determine the accuracy of TE in detecting the different stages of liver fibrosis in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients. METHODS: MEDLINE/PubMed, Embase, Ovid, Cochrane Library, American College of Physicians (ACP) Journal Club, Google Scholar, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects, and Web of Science that evaluated the liver stiffness by means of TE and liver biopsy were enrolled in this systematic review and meta-analysis...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Andre Isaac, Han Zhang, Sue Rene Soon, Sandra Campbell, Hamdy El-Hakim
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Laryngomalacia (LM) is the most common cause of congenital stridor. Tradition holds that the majority of patients resolve spontaneously by 12-18 months of age. The objective of this study was to systematically review the literature on the spontaneous resolution of LM and/or its presenting symptoms, in otherwise healthy infants. METHODS: Data sources included Medline/PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, CINAHL, Proquest, Cochrane database, Cochrane Methodology Register, Web of Science Conference Proceedings Citation Index, and ACP Journal Club...
April 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Marie-Lou Filiatrault, Jean-Marc Chauny, Raoul Daoust, Marie-Pier Roy, Ronald Denis, Gilles Lavigne
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Opioids are associated with higher risk for ataxic breathing and sleep apnea. We conducted a systematic literature review and meta-analysis to assess the influence of long-term opioid use on the apnea-hypopnea and central apnea indices (AHI and CAI, respectively). METHODS: A systematic review protocol (Cochrane Handbook guidelines) was developed for the search and analysis. We searched Embase, Medline, ACP Journal Club, and Cochrane Database up to November 2014 for three topics: (1) narcotics, (2) sleep apnea, and (3) apnea-hypopnea index...
April 15, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Jian Luo, Dan Liu, Chun-Tao Liu
Effects of antiinterleukin 13 therapies in patients with asthma remain inconsistent. Therefore, we aimed to further clarify the efficacy and safety of antiinterleukin 13 therapies in adult asthmatics by a systematic review and meta-analysis.Randomized controlled trials which reported pulmonary functions, fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO), Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ), rescue use of short-acting-β-agonist (SABA), and rate of asthmatic exacerbation and adverse events were identified in Pubmed, Embase, Medline, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), American College of Physician (ACP) Journal Club, and ISI Web of Science, reference lists and by manual searches...
February 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Niall Morris, Richard Body
A shortcut review was carried out to establish whether ST elevation in aVR accurately identifies acute myocardial infarction caused by left main coronary artery stenosis. 141 unique papers were found in Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, ACP Journal Club and the Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects using the reported searches. Of these, 12 presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of these best papers are tabulated...
January 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Joanne Guay, David Faraoni, Fanny Bonhomme, Annie Borel Derlon, Dominique Lasne
BACKGROUND: Systematic preoperative coagulation testing is still widely used in children scheduled for surgery, although current guidelines recommend that a bleeding history should be the first choice for hemostatic assessment. We performed a systematic review with meta-analysis to evaluate the pertinence of bleeding questionnaire and screening laboratory testing to detect bleeding disorders (BDs) in children and to predict abnormal surgical blood loss. METHODS: A search was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, MEDLINE(R), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Health technology Assessment, and all EBM Reviews (Cochrane DSR, ACP Journal Club, DARE, CCTR, CMR, HTA, and NHSEED and EBM Reviews) up to October 22, 2013...
December 2015: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Roger E Thomas, Marcus Vaska, Christopher Naugler, Tanvir C Turin
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of interventions by laboratories and to increase rational and reduce unnecessary family physician test ordering. DESIGN AND METHODS: MEDLINE [1946-present], EMBASE [1980-present], EBM Reviews [1991-present](Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, ACP Journal Club, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects, - Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Methodology Register, Health Technology Assessment, NHS Economic Evaluation Database), PubMed [1966-present], PubMed Central [1900-present], Scopus [1960-present], Web of Science [1900-present] and CINAHL [1982-present] were searched with no language or publication limits...
December 2015: Clinical Biochemistry
Lisa Baumann Kreuziger, Oluwatoyosi Onwuemene, Emma Kolesar, Mark Crowther, Wendy Lim
Central venous catheter-related thrombosis (CRT) is a complication seen in patients requiring long-term intravenous access. Treatment of CRT is not standardized and international guidelines for treatment are based on extrapolation of evidence from lower extremity thrombosis. We performed a systematic review of the literature to evaluate if duration of anticoagulation affects the risk of recurrent venous thrombosis, post-thrombotic syndrome, or major hemorrhage. We searched PubMed, Embase, Medline, CINAHL, Cochrane, and ACP Journal club for studies of CRT treated with anticoagulation...
December 2015: Thrombosis Research
Jiang-Chen Peng, Jun Shen, Qi Zhu, Zhi-Hua Ran
There is growing recognition of the impact of Clostridum difficile infection (CDI) on patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Clostridium difficile infection causes greater morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of C. difficile on surgical risk among ulcerative colitis (UC) patients. We searched the following databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, ACP Journal Club, DARE, CMR, and HTA. Studies were included if fulfilled the following criteria: (1) Cohort or case-control studies, which involved a comparison group that lacked CDI, (2) Patients were given a primary diagnosis of UC, (3) Comorbidity of CDI was evaluated by enzyme immunoassay of stool for C...
July 2015: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
Stuart G Nicholls, Tavis P Hayes, Jamie C Brehaut, Michael McDonald, Charles Weijer, Raphael Saginur, Dean Fergusson
BACKGROUND: To date there is no established consensus of assessment criteria for evaluating research ethics review. METHODS: We conducted a scoping review of empirical research assessing ethics review processes in order to identify common elements assessed, research foci, and research gaps to aid in the development of assessment criteria. Electronic searches of Ovid Medline, PsychInfo, and the Cochrane DSR, ACP Journal Club, DARE, CCTR, CMR, HTA, and NHSEED, were conducted...
2015: PloS One
Gabriele Simonini, Rolando Cimaz, Gareth T Jones, Gary J Macfarlane
OBJECTIVE: To examine, separately, in children and adults with autoimmune chronic uveitis (ACU), the evidence regarding the effectiveness and the safety of switching to a non-anti-TNF biologic modifier immunosuppressant treatment (NTT) currently available in clinical practice. METHODS: A systematic search between January 2000 and April 2014 was conducted using EMBASE, Ovid MEDLINE, Evidence Based Medicine Reviews-ACP Journal Club, Cochrane libraries, and EBM Reviews...
October 2015: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
Tehnia Aziz, Kal Ansari, Manuel O Lagravere, Michael P Major, Carlos Flores-Mir
Nasal breathing is a requirement for proper growth and development of the craniofacial complex. Inadequacy of the nasal airway from obstruction such as from nasal septal deviation (NSD) can affect craniofacial development. Further investigation of the possibility of rapid maxillary expansion (RME) correcting NSD would be valuable, considering the undesirable sequelae of NSD on nasal breathing, which can consequently affect craniofacial development. A systematic review of the effect of RME treatment on NSD was conducted...
2015: Progress in Orthodontics
Denise Harrison, Janet Yamada, Thomasin Adams-Webber, Arne Ohlsson, Joseph Beyene, Bonnie Stevens
BACKGROUND: Extensive evidence exists showing analgesic effects of sweet solutions for newborns and infants. It is less certain if the same analgesic effects exist for children one year to 16 years of age. This is an updated version of the original Cochrane review published in Issue 10, 2011 (Harrison 2011) titled Sweet tasting solutions for reduction of needle-related procedural pain in children aged one to 16 years. OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of sweet tasting solutions or substances for reducing needle-related procedural pain in children beyond one year of age...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
A Deshpande, G W G Smith, A J Smith
Surgical power tools (SPTs) are frequently used in many surgical specialties such as dentistry, orthopaedics, ophthalmology, neurology, and podiatry. They have complex designs that may restrict access to cleaning and sterilization agents and frequently become contaminated with microbial and tissue residues following use. Due to these challenges, surgical power tools can be considered the weak link in the decontamination cycle and present a potential for iatrogenic transmission of infection. We aimed to review the existing literature on the decontamination of surgical power tools and associated iatrogenic transmission of infection...
July 2015: Journal of Hospital Infection
Lara J Maxwell, Jane Zochling, Annelies Boonen, Jasvinder A Singh, Mirella M S Veras, Elizabeth Tanjong Ghogomu, Maria Benkhalti Jandu, Peter Tugwell, George A Wells
BACKGROUND: TNF (tumor necrosis factor)-alpha inhibitors block a key protein in the inflammatory chain reaction responsible for joint inflammation, pain, and damage in ankylosing spondylitis. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefit and harms of adalimumab, etanercept, golimumab, and infliximab (TNF-alpha inhibitors) in people with ankylosing spondylitis. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following databases to January 26, 2009: MEDLINE (from 1966); EMBASE (from 1980); the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2008, Issue 4); ACP Journal Club; CINAHL (from 1982); and ISI Web of Knowledge (from 1900)...
April 18, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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