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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731381/reperfusion-after-ischemic-stroke-is-associated-with-reduced-brain-edema
#1
Hannah J Irvine, Ann-Christin Ostwaldt, Matthew B Bevers, Simone Dixon, Thomas Wk Battey, Bruce Cv Campbell, Stephen M Davis, Geoffrey A Donnan, Kevin N Sheth, Reza Jahan, Jeffrey L Saver, Chelsea S Kidwell, W Taylor Kimberly
Rapid revascularization is highly effective for acute stroke, but animal studies suggest that reperfusion edema may attenuate its beneficial effects. We investigated the relationship between reperfusion and edema in patients from the Echoplanar Imaging Thrombolysis Evaluation Trial (EPITHET) and Mechanical Retrieval and Recanalization of Stroke Clots Using Embolectomy (MR RESCUE) cohorts. Reperfusion percentage was measured as the difference in perfusion-weighted imaging lesion volume between baseline and follow-up (day 3-5 for EPITHET; day 6-8 for MR RESCUE)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644950/hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-in-fanconi-anemia-and-dyskeratosis-congenita-a-minireview
#2
REVIEW
Mouhab Ayas
Bone marrow failure syndrome is an epithet of bone marrow failure (all or single-cell lineage) that is attributable to an underlying genetic aberration usually with a constellation of somatic abnormalities. Multiple inheritance patterns have been described in these disorders; many are transmitted in an autosomal recessive pattern, which may consequently lead to a higher prevalence of such illnesses in homogeneous societies such as Saudi Arabia, where consanguineous marriages are not uncommon. At King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, the most common entity referred for allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is Fanconi anemia, followed by pure red aplasia, and, less commonly, dyskeratosis congenita, congenital neutropenia, and others...
June 15, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642185/place-of-3d-printing-in-facial-epithesis
#3
J T Bachelet, R Jouan, V Prade, C Francisco, P Jaby, A Gleizal
Facial rehabilitation from facial epithets is part of the facial surgeon's therapeutic arsenal. The primary technique requires taking imprints on the patient, which has major drawbacks such as discomfort and difficulties for precisely recording anatomical surfaces. In this paper, we present a technical improvement in the design of facial epithesis, introducing application of a 3D printing technology. By exploiting digital data in DICOM format, it is possible to produce a digital copy of an epithesis. Based on this copy a model can be printed and then used to support the final prosthesis...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549446/-gnparser-a-powerful-parser-for-scientific-names-based-on-parsing-expression-grammar
#4
Dmitry Y Mozzherin, Alexander A Myltsev, David J Patterson
BACKGROUND: Scientific names in biology act as universal links. They allow us to cross-reference information about organisms globally. However variations in spelling of scientific names greatly diminish their ability to interconnect data. Such variations may include abbreviations, annotations, misspellings, etc. Authorship is a part of a scientific name and may also differ significantly. To match all possible variations of a name we need to divide them into their elements and classify each element according to its role...
May 26, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402796/insights-into-the-phylogeny-of-northern-hemisphere-armillaria-neighbor-net-and-bayesian-analyses-of-translation-elongation-factor-1-%C3%AE-gene-sequences
#5
Ned B Klopfenstein, Jane E Stewart, Yuko Ota, John W Hanna, Bryce A Richardson, Amy L Ross-Davis, Rubén D Elías-Román, Kari Korhonen, Nenad Keča, Eugenia Iturritxa, Dionicio Alvarado-Rosales, Halvor Solheim, Nicholas J Brazee, Piotr Łakomy, Michelle R Cleary, Eri Hasegawa, Taisei Kikuchi, Fortunato Garza-Ocañas, Panaghiotis Tsopelas, Daniel Rigling, Simone Prospero, Tetyana Tsykun, Jean A Bérubé, Franck O P Stefani, Saeideh Jafarpour, Vladimír Antonín, Michal Tomšovský, Geral I McDonald, Stephen Woodward, Mee-Sook Kim
Armillaria possesses several intriguing characteristics that have inspired wide interest in understanding phylogenetic relationships within and among species of this genus. Nuclear ribosomal DNA sequence-based analyses of Armillaria provide only limited information for phylogenetic studies among widely divergent taxa. More recent studies have shown that translation elongation factor 1-α (tef1) sequences are highly informative for phylogenetic analysis of Armillaria species within diverse global regions. This study used Neighbor-net and coalescence-based Bayesian analyses to examine phylogenetic relationships of newly determined and existing tef1 sequences derived from diverse Armillaria species from across the Northern Hemisphere, with Southern Hemisphere Armillaria species included for reference...
2017: Mycologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187600/-i-eimeria-i-i-atlapetesi-i-nom-nov-a-replacement-name-for-i-eimeria-i-i-pileata-i-soriano-vargas-et-al-2015-apicomplexa-eimeriidae-preoccupied-by-i-eimeria-i-i-pileata-i-straneva-and-kelley-1979-apicomplexa-eimeriidae-with-observations-on-histopathology-and
#6
Edgardo Soriano-Vargas, Celene Salgado-Miranda, Andrea Paloma Zepeda-Velázquez, Juan Pablo Medina, Mariusz Krzysztof Janczur, Maricruz González-Gómez, Izanami Tereira Flores-Valle, Bruno Pereira Berto, Carlos Wilson Gomes Lopes
Eimeria pileata Soriano-Vargas, Medina, Salgado-Miranda, García-Conejo, Galindo-Sánchez, Janczur, Berto and Lopes, 2015 is a junior homonym of Eimeria pileata Straneva and Kelley, 1979 and needs to be replaced. This coccidium was described from a rufous-capped brush finch Atlapetes pileatus Wagler in the Nevado de Toluca Natural Protected Area, Mexico. Thus, to maintain the original intent of the specific epithet derived from the scientific name of the type-host, the name Eimeria atlapetesi nom. nov. is proposed as a replacement name...
January 31, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113051/-localimania-revisited-guidelines-for-the-formation-of-specific-epithets-for-names-of-prokaryotes-based-on-names-of-institutions-or-their-acronyms-a-proposal-for-emendation-of-appendix-9-to-the-international-code-of-nomenclature-of-prokaryotes
#7
Aharon Oren, George M Garrity, Bernhard Schink, Stefano Ventura
We here present a survey of the increasing use of the -ensis (-ense) ending for the formation of specific epithets that do not refer to geographical locations but to names of research institutes or their acronyms. To our opinion the use of the -ensis (-ense) ending must be discouraged for such purposes, the formation of nouns in the genitive case being preferred for the formation of such arbitrary epithets. Emendation of Appendix 9 - Orthography to the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes is proposed with guidelines for the formation of such names...
May 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990337/mycosarcoma-ustilaginaceae-a-resurrected-generic-name-for-corn-smut-ustilago-maydis-and-its-close-relatives-with-hypertrophied-tubular-sori
#8
Alistair R McTaggart, Roger G Shivas, Teun Boekhout, Franz Oberwinkler, Kálmán Vánky, Shaun R Pennycook, Dominik Begerow
Ustilago is a polyphyletic genus of smut fungi found mainly on Poaceae. The development of a taxonomy that reflects phylogeny requires subdivision of Ustilago into smaller monophyletic genera. Several separate systematic analyses have determined that Macalpinomyces mackinlayi, M. tubiformis, Tolyposporella pachycarpa, Ustilago bouriquetii and U. maydis, occupy a unique phylogenetic position within the Ustilaginaceae. A previously introduced monotypic generic name typified by U. maydis, Mycosarcoma, is available to accommodate these species, which resolves one component of polyphyly for Ustilagos...
December 2016: IMA Fungus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902322/proposal-to-modify-rule-12c-of-the-international-code-of-nomenclature-of-prokaryotes
#9
Aharon Oren
According to the current version of Rule 12c of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes, one of the ways in which a specific epithet can be treated is as an adjective that must agree in gender with the generic name. I propose emending this part of Rule 12c to specify that such adjectives must be in the singular form in the nominative case.
March 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902205/enterobacter-aerogenes-hormaeche-and-edwards-1960-approved-lists-1980-and-klebsiella-mobilis-bascomb-et-al-1971-approved-lists-1980-share-the-same-nomenclatural-type-atcc-13048-on-the-approved-lists-and-are-homotypic-synonyms-with-consequences-for-the-name
#10
B J Tindall, G Sutton, G M Garrity
Enterobacter aerogenes Hormaeche and Edwards 1960 (Approved Lists 1980) and Klebsiella mobilis Bascomb et al. 1971 (Approved Lists 1980) were placed on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and were based on the same nomenclatural type, ATCC 13048. Consequently they are to be treated as homotypic synonyms. However, the names of homotypic synonyms at the rank of species normally are based on the same epithet. Examination of the Rules of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria in force at the time indicates that the name the epithet mobilis in Klebsiella mobilis Bascomb et al...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798405/possibility-and-challenges-of-conversion-of-current-virus-species-names-to-linnaean-binomials
#11
Thomas S Postler, Anna N Clawson, Gaya K Amarasinghe, Christopher F Basler, Sbina Bavari, Mária Benko, Kim R Blasdell, Thomas Briese, Michael J Buchmeier, Alexander Bukreyev, Charles H Calisher, Kartik Chandran, Rémi Charrel, Christopher S Clegg, Peter L Collins, De La Torre Juan Carlos, Joseph L Derisi, Ralf G Dietzgen, Olga Dolnik, Ralf Dürrwald, John M Dye, Andrew J Easton, Sébastian Emonet, Pierre Formenty, Ron A M Fouchier, Elodie Ghedin, Jean-Paul Gonzalez, Balázs Harrach, Roger Hewson, Masayuki Horie, Dàohóng Jiang, Gary Kobinger, Hideki Kondo, Andrew M Kropinski, Mart Krupovic, Gael Kurath, Robert A Lamb, Eric M Leroy, Igor S Lukashevich, Andrea Maisner, Arcady R Mushegian, Sergey V Netesov, Norbert Nowotny, Jean L Patterson, Susan L Payne, Janusz T PaWeska, Clarence J Peters, Sheli R Radoshitzky, Bertus K Rima, Victor Romanowski, Dennis Rubbenstroth, Sead Sabanadzovic, Hélène Sanfaçon, Maria S Salvato, Martin Schwemmle, Sophie J Smither, Mark D Stenglein, David M Stone, Ayato Takada, Robert B Tesh, Keizo Tomonaga, Noël Tordo, Jonathan S Towner, Nikos Vasilakis, Viktor E Volchkov, Victoria Wahl-Jensen, Peter J Walker, Lin-Fa Wang, Arvind Varsani, Anna E Whitfield, F Murilo Zerbini, Jens H Kuhn
Botanical, mycological, zoological, and prokaryotic species names follow the Linnaean format, consisting of an italicized Latinized binomen with a capitalized genus name and a lower case species epithet (e.g., Homo sapiens). Virus species names, however, do not follow a uniform format, and, even when binomial, are not Linnaean in style. In this thought exercise, we attempted to convert all currently official names of species included in the virus family Arenaviridae and the virus order Mononegavirales to Linnaean binomials, and to identify and address associated challenges and concerns...
May 1, 2017: Systematic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650361/epithetic-nasal-reconstruction-for-nasal-carcinoma-retrospective-analysis-on-22-patients
#12
Giorgos Papaspyrou, Bernhard Schick, Mathias Schneider, Basel Al Kadah
Advanced nasal cancers usually demand partial or total rhinectomy followed by radiotherapy. Reconstruction of the resulting defects can be achieved by means of reconstructive plastic surgery and/or epithetic surgery. The data of 22 patients who had been treated after nasal ablation by means of custom-made silicone nasal epithesis fixed by bone-anchored magnets between 2003 and 2014 were evaluated retrospectively. There were 15 male (68.2 %) and 7 (31.8 %) female patients. The most common etiology that led to epithetic rehabilitation was a squamous cell carcinoma in 16 patients...
February 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615831/taxonomy-of-two-endemic-indian-skinks-eutropis-bibronii-gray-1838-br-and-e-nagarjunensis-sharma-1969-reptilia-scincidae-including-redescriptions-of-their-types
#13
A A Thasun Amarasinghe, Patrick D Campbell, S R Chandramouli, Kaushik Deuti, Sujoy Raha, D M S Suranjan Karunarathna, Ivan Ineich
Tiliqua bibronii was described by J.E. Gray in December, 1838 based on two syntypes (MNHN-RA 2940, 7076), but the details for locality was missing. These syntypes are currently housed at the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, France (MNHN-RA). The same species (based on the same type specimens) was described by A.M.C. Duméril & G. Bibron in November, 1839 nearly one year after Gray's publication. As such, Gray's publication must therefore be given priority. Another species, Euprepis trilineatus, from Madras, Tamil Nadu, India, was described by Gray in 1846, and it is morphologically similar to E...
August 19, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539016/on-the-synonymy-of-edwardsiellatarda-ewing-and-mcwhorter-1965-approved-lists-1980-and-edwardsiellaanguillimortifera-hoshina-1962-sakazaki-and-tamura-1975-approved-lists-1980-an-old-problem-in-need-of-a-solution
#14
B J Tindall
Edwardsiella tarda Ewing and McWhorter 1965 (Approved Lists 1980) and Edwardsiella anguillimortifera (Hoshina 1962) Sakazaki and Tamura 1975 (Approved Lists 1980) are known to be synonyms that share the same nomenclatural type. Edwardsiella tarda Ewing and McWhorter 1965 (Approved Lists 1980) is the nomenclatural type of the genus Edwardsiella Ewing and McWhorter 1965 (Approved Lists 1980). The question of the priority of the epithet anguillimortifera Hoshina 1962 over the epithet tarda Ewing and McWhorter 1965 has been raised in the past, and a Request for an Opinion to conserve the epithet tarda Ewing and McWhorter 1965 in Edwardsiella tarda Ewing and McWhorter 1965 (Approved Lists 1980) was published but later withdrawn...
November 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536193/a-monograph-of-conostegia-melastomataceae-miconieae
#15
Ricardo Kriebel
A recent molecular phylogenetic analysis identified a clade containing all species of Conostegia, but that also included species of Clidemia and Miconia nested inside. A taxonomic revision of a more broadly circumscribed Conostegia is presented here. In total, 77 species of Conostegia are recognized. One species from Ecuador, Conostegia ortizae is described as new. Twenty-nine new combinations are proposed for the species of Clidemia and Miconia that fall inside Conostegia. Two new names are proposed for the two species for which the epithet was previously occupied in Conostegia...
2016: PhytoKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515974/porphyromonas-loveana-sp-nov-isolated-from-the-oral-cavity-of-australian-marsupials
#16
Philip S Bird, Darren J Trott, Deirdre Mikkelsen, Gabriel J Milinovich, Kristine M Hillman, Paul C Burrell, Linda L Blackall
An obligatory anaerobic, Gram-stain-negative coccobacillus with black-pigmented colonies was isolated from the oral cavity of selected Australian marsupial species. Phenotypic and molecular criteria showed that this bacterium was a distinct species within the genus Porphyromonas, and was closely related to Porphyromonas gingivalis and Porphyromonas gulae. This putative novel species and P. gulae could be differentiated from P. gingivalis by catalase activity. Further characterization by multi-locus enzyme electrophoresis of glutamate dehydrogenase and malate dehydrogenase enzyme mobility and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight MS showed that this putative novel species could be differentiated phenotypically from P...
October 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488906/rule-27-of-the-international-code-of-nomenclature-of-prokaryotes-the-basonym-is-not-enough
#17
B J Tindall
Proposals to make changes to the wording of Rule 27 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes have been made that include the requirement to make reference to the basonym of a new combination. While this is a step in the right direction, it does not solve problems where new combinations are associated with multiple heterotypic synonyms and the new combination is based on the selection of the genus name or species epithet that is contrary to the Rules.
November 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27394901/corrigendum-redescription-of-nemachilichthys-rueppelli-a-senior-synonym-of-n-shimogensis-teleostei-nemacheilidae
#18
Ashwini Keskar, Pradeep Kumkar, Unmesh Katwate, Anvar Ali, Rajeev Raghavan, Neelesh Dahanukar
In Keskar et al. (2015) we emended the original name Cobitis rupelli Sykes, 1839, because Sykes (1839) specifically mentions that the species was named after Rüppell. The specific epithet 'rupelli', with a single 'p', is an incorrect original spelling and should be emended into 'ruppelli' as required by Article 32.5 (International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, 1999). However, citing Art 32.5.2.1, we also suggested that because Sykes (1839) named the species after Rüppell, the umlaut 'ü' should be corrected to 'ue' and that the specific epithet should thus be 'rueppelli'...
May 12, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27394269/an-illustrated-catalogue-of-the-types-of-stratiomyidae-diptera-brachycera-in-the-collection-of-museu-nacional-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#19
Diego Aguilar Fachin, Márcia Souto Couri, Cátia Antunes De Mello-Patiu
A catalogue of the type specimens of Stratiomyidae (Diptera: Brachycera) held in the collection of Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (MNRJ) is presented. A total number of 50 type specimens of 18 valid Neotropical species were recognized and are listed in alphabetical order of subfamily, genus and specific epithet. Photos of 12 primary types of the species and bibliographical data of the original descriptions, labels and condition of all type specimens are also provided.
February 26, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27309888/light-responsive-and-ph-responsive-dna-microcapsules-for-controlled-release-of-loads
#20
Fujian Huang, Wei-Ching Liao, Yang Sung Sohn, Rachel Nechushtai, Chun-Hua Lu, Itamar Willner
A method to assemble light-responsive or pH-responsive microcapsules loaded with different loads (tetramethylrhodamine-modified dextran, TMR-D; microperoxidase-11, MP-11; CdSe/ZnS quantum dots; or doxorubicin-modified dextran, DOX-D) is described. The method is based on the layer-by-layer deposition of sequence-specific nucleic acids on poly(allylamine hydrochloride)-functionalized CaCO3 core microparticles, loaded with the different loads, that after the dissolution of the core particles with EDTA yields the stimuli-responsive microcapsules that include the respective loads...
July 20, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
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