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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651926/nine-months-a-slave-when-pregnancy-is-involuntary-servitude-to-a-foetus
#1
Kiva Diamond Allotey-Reidpath, Pascale Allotey, Daniel D Reidpath
Recent globally compiled evidence suggests that one-quarter of pregnancies end in abortions. However, abortions remain illegal in many countries, resulting in unsafe practices. Debates have largely stalled with the pro-life, pro-choice epithets. To provide further arguments in support of legalising abortion services, we argue that the state cannot demand of a woman that she maintains an unwanted pregnancy because that demand places her in a state of involuntary servitude. Involuntary servitude would put states in breach of international human rights law (Article 8 of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights)...
December 2018: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480785/psychoanalysis-today-a-pseudoscience-a-critique-of-the-arbitrary-nature-of-psychoanalytic-theories-and-practice
#2
Siegfried Zepf
The article centers on psychoanalysts' indifferent attitude to the mutually exclusivity of theoretical conceptualizations and the ensuing technical rules for treatment. In the author's view this indifference is due to psychoanalysts being business people for whom the exchange value of their service is essentially of greater interest than its utility value, which latter is only of interest as a means of realizing the former. The author argues that, as a consequence of the disparate coexisting conceptualizations being treated as equally valid, psychoanalysis becomes a science without truth, that is, a pseudoscience, and demonstrates that all attempts to appropriate the epithet ornans "scientific" to psychoanalysis by linking its concepts to findings in areas beyond its conceptual field have failed...
2018: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377146/brasilonema-lichenoides-sp-nov-and-chroococcidiopsis-lichenoides-sp-nov-cyanobacteria-two-novel-cyanobacterial-constituents-isolated-from-a-tripartite-lichen-of-headstones
#3
Chelsea D Villanueva, Petr Hašler, Petr Dvořák, Aloisie Poulíčková, Dale A Casamatta
Cyanolichens are an assemblage of fungi and cyanobacteria from diverse, cosmopolitan habitats. Typically composed of a single species of cyanobacterium, with or without another eukaryotic alga, here we present two novel cyanobionts isolated from an undescribed tripartite lichen. This endolithic lichen was isolated from a granite cemetery tombstone from Jacksonville, FL, and contains two potentially nitrogen-fixing cyanobionts. Employing a total evidence approach, we characterized the cyanobionts using molecular (the 16S rDNA and ITS gene region), morphological, and ecological data...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Phycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238374/zygoma-implants-in-oral-rehabilitation-a-review-of-28-cases
#4
Rowland Agbara, Elizabeth Goetze, Felix Koch, Wilfred Wagner
Background: The functional and esthetic rehabilitation of patients with atrophic maxilla or posterior maxillary defect is often challenging. The aim of this study was to determine patient demographics, indications, success rate, and complications following the use of zygoma implants. Materials and Methods: All patients who had zygoma implant placement in our clinic between 1998 and 2013 were retrospectively assessed for implant outcome. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 16 and Microsoft Excel 2007 test for significance (ρ) using Pearson's Chi-square (χ2 ) set at 0...
November 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942841/exploitation-of-agro-climatic-environment-for-selection-of-1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic-acid-acc-deaminase-producing-salt-tolerant-indigenous-plant-growth-promoting-rhizobacteria
#5
Sankalp Misra, Vijay Kant Dixit, Mohammad Haneef Khan, Shashank Kumar Mishra, Gyanendra Dviwedi, Sumit Yadav, Alok Lehri, Puneet Singh Chauhan
A comprehensive survey for 09 agro-climatic zones of Uttar Pradesh, India was conducted to isolate and characterize salt tolerant 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) deaminase possessing plant growth promoting (PGP) rhizobacteria for salt stress amelioration in rice. Here, we have isolated 1125 bacteria having the ability to tolerate 1M NaCl and out of those, 560 were screened for utilizing ACC as sole nitrogen source. 560 isolates were subjected for bacteria coated seed germination assay under 100mM salt (NaCl) stress resulting to 77 isolates which were further evaluated for seed germination assay, PGP and abiotic stress tolerance ability in vitro...
December 2017: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842267/medicinal-properties-of-mangosteen-garcinia-mangostana-l-a-comprehensive-update
#6
REVIEW
Berenice Ovalle-Magallanes, Dianelena Eugenio-Pérez, José Pedraza-Chaverri
Garcinia mangostana L. (Clusiaceae) is a tropical tree native to Southeast Asia known as mangosteen which fruits possess a distinctive and pleasant taste that has granted them the epithet of "queen of the fruits". The seeds and pericarps of the fruit have a long history of use in the traditional medicinal practices of the region, and beverages containing mangosteen pulp and pericarps are sold worldwide as nutritional supplements. The main phytochemicals present in the species are isoprenylated xanthones, a class of secondary metabolites with multiple reports of biological effects, such as antioxidant, pro-apoptotic, anti-proliferative, antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, hypoglycemic and anti-obesity...
November 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792368/streptomyces-phaeopurpureus-shinobu-1957-approved-lists-1980-and-streptomyces-griseorubiginosus-ryabova-and-preobrazhenskaya-1957-pridham-et-al-1958-approved-lists-1980-are-heterotypic-subjective-synonyms
#7
Peter Kämpfer, Christian Rückert, Jochen Blom, Alexander Goesmann, Joachim Wink, Jörn Kalinowski, Stefanie P Glaeser
On the basis of whole genome comparisons of Streptomyces griseorubiginosus and Streptomyces phaeopurpureus it could by shown that these two species are subjective synonyms. The names of both species have been published in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and, in such a case, normally Rule 24b (1) of the Prokaryotic Code applies, which reads: 'If two names compete for priority and if both names date from 1 January 1980 on an Approved List, the priority shall be determined by the date of the original publication of the name before 1 January 1980'...
August 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731381/reperfusion-after-ischemic-stroke-is-associated-with-reduced-brain-edema
#8
Hannah J Irvine, Ann-Christin Ostwaldt, Matthew B Bevers, Simone Dixon, Thomas Wk Battey, Bruce Cv Campbell, Stephen M Davis, Geoffrey A Donnan, Kevin N Sheth, Reza Jahan, Jeffrey L Saver, Chelsea S Kidwell, W Taylor Kimberly
Rapid revascularization is highly effective for acute stroke, but animal studies suggest that reperfusion edema may attenuate its beneficial effects. We investigated the relationship between reperfusion and edema in patients from the Echoplanar Imaging Thrombolysis Evaluation Trial (EPITHET) and Mechanical Retrieval and Recanalization of Stroke Clots Using Embolectomy (MR RESCUE) cohorts. Reperfusion percentage was measured as the difference in perfusion-weighted imaging lesion volume between baseline and follow-up (day 3-5 for EPITHET; day 6-8 for MR RESCUE)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644950/hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-in-fanconi-anemia-and-dyskeratosis-congenita-a-minireview
#9
REVIEW
Mouhab Ayas
Bone marrow failure syndrome is an epithet of bone marrow failure (all or single-cell lineage) that is attributable to an underlying genetic aberration usually with a constellation of somatic abnormalities. Multiple inheritance patterns have been described in these disorders; many are transmitted in an autosomal recessive pattern, which may consequently lead to a higher prevalence of such illnesses in homogeneous societies such as Saudi Arabia, where consanguineous marriages are not uncommon. At King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, the most common entity referred for allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is Fanconi anemia, followed by pure red aplasia, and, less commonly, dyskeratosis congenita, congenital neutropenia, and others...
December 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642185/place-of-3d-printing-in-facial-epithesis
#10
J T Bachelet, R Jouan, V Prade, C Francisco, P Jaby, A Gleizal
Facial rehabilitation from facial epithets is part of the facial surgeon's therapeutic arsenal. The primary technique requires taking imprints on the patient, which has major drawbacks such as discomfort and difficulties for precisely recording anatomical surfaces. In this paper, we present a technical improvement in the design of facial epithesis, introducing application of a 3D printing technology. By exploiting digital data in DICOM format, it is possible to produce a digital copy of an epithesis. Based on this copy a model can be printed and then used to support the final prosthesis...
September 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549446/-gnparser-a-powerful-parser-for-scientific-names-based-on-parsing-expression-grammar
#11
Dmitry Y Mozzherin, Alexander A Myltsev, David J Patterson
BACKGROUND: Scientific names in biology act as universal links. They allow us to cross-reference information about organisms globally. However variations in spelling of scientific names greatly diminish their ability to interconnect data. Such variations may include abbreviations, annotations, misspellings, etc. Authorship is a part of a scientific name and may also differ significantly. To match all possible variations of a name we need to divide them into their elements and classify each element according to its role...
May 26, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402796/insights-into-the-phylogeny-of-northern-hemisphere-armillaria-neighbor-net-and-bayesian-analyses-of-translation-elongation-factor-1-%C3%AE-gene-sequences
#12
Ned B Klopfenstein, Jane E Stewart, Yuko Ota, John W Hanna, Bryce A Richardson, Amy L Ross-Davis, Rubén D Elías-Román, Kari Korhonen, Nenad Keča, Eugenia Iturritxa, Dionicio Alvarado-Rosales, Halvor Solheim, Nicholas J Brazee, Piotr Łakomy, Michelle R Cleary, Eri Hasegawa, Taisei Kikuchi, Fortunato Garza-Ocañas, Panaghiotis Tsopelas, Daniel Rigling, Simone Prospero, Tetyana Tsykun, Jean A Bérubé, Franck O P Stefani, Saeideh Jafarpour, Vladimír Antonín, Michal Tomšovský, Geral I McDonald, Stephen Woodward, Mee-Sook Kim
Armillaria possesses several intriguing characteristics that have inspired wide interest in understanding phylogenetic relationships within and among species of this genus. Nuclear ribosomal DNA sequence-based analyses of Armillaria provide only limited information for phylogenetic studies among widely divergent taxa. More recent studies have shown that translation elongation factor 1-α (tef1) sequences are highly informative for phylogenetic analysis of Armillaria species within diverse global regions. This study used Neighbor-net and coalescence-based Bayesian analyses to examine phylogenetic relationships of newly determined and existing tef1 sequences derived from diverse Armillaria species from across the Northern Hemisphere, with Southern Hemisphere Armillaria species included for reference...
2017: Mycologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187600/-i-eimeria-i-i-atlapetesi-i-nom-nov-a-replacement-name-for-i-eimeria-i-i-pileata-i-soriano-vargas-et-al-2015-apicomplexa-eimeriidae-preoccupied-by-i-eimeria-i-i-pileata-i-straneva-and-kelley-1979-apicomplexa-eimeriidae-with-observations-on-histopathology-and
#13
Edgardo Soriano-Vargas, Celene Salgado-Miranda, Andrea Paloma Zepeda-Velázquez, Juan Pablo Medina, Mariusz Krzysztof Janczur, Maricruz González-Gómez, Izanami Tereira Flores-Valle, Bruno Pereira Berto, Carlos Wilson Gomes Lopes
Eimeria pileata Soriano-Vargas, Medina, Salgado-Miranda, García-Conejo, Galindo-Sánchez, Janczur, Berto and Lopes, 2015 is a junior homonym of Eimeria pileata Straneva and Kelley, 1979 and needs to be replaced. This coccidium was described from a rufous-capped brush finch Atlapetes pileatus Wagler in the Nevado de Toluca Natural Protected Area, Mexico. Thus, to maintain the original intent of the specific epithet derived from the scientific name of the type-host, the name Eimeria atlapetesi nom. nov. is proposed as a replacement name...
January 31, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113051/-localimania-revisited-guidelines-for-the-formation-of-specific-epithets-for-names-of-prokaryotes-based-on-names-of-institutions-or-their-acronyms-a-proposal-for-emendation-of-appendix-9-to-the-international-code-of-nomenclature-of-prokaryotes
#14
Aharon Oren, George M Garrity, Bernhard Schink, Stefano Ventura
We here present a survey of the increasing use of the -ensis (-ense) ending for the formation of specific epithets that do not refer to geographical locations but to names of research institutes or their acronyms. To our opinion the use of the -ensis (-ense) ending must be discouraged for such purposes, the formation of nouns in the genitive case being preferred for the formation of such arbitrary epithets. Emendation of Appendix 9 - Orthography to the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes is proposed with guidelines for the formation of such names...
May 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990337/mycosarcoma-ustilaginaceae-a-resurrected-generic-name-for-corn-smut-ustilago-maydis-and-its-close-relatives-with-hypertrophied-tubular-sori
#15
Alistair R McTaggart, Roger G Shivas, Teun Boekhout, Franz Oberwinkler, Kálmán Vánky, Shaun R Pennycook, Dominik Begerow
Ustilago is a polyphyletic genus of smut fungi found mainly on Poaceae. The development of a taxonomy that reflects phylogeny requires subdivision of Ustilago into smaller monophyletic genera. Several separate systematic analyses have determined that Macalpinomyces mackinlayi, M. tubiformis, Tolyposporella pachycarpa, Ustilago bouriquetii and U. maydis, occupy a unique phylogenetic position within the Ustilaginaceae. A previously introduced monotypic generic name typified by U. maydis, Mycosarcoma, is available to accommodate these species, which resolves one component of polyphyly for Ustilagos...
December 2016: IMA Fungus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902322/proposal-to-modify-rule-12c-of-the-international-code-of-nomenclature-of-prokaryotes
#16
Aharon Oren
According to the current version of Rule 12c of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes, one of the ways in which a specific epithet can be treated is as an adjective that must agree in gender with the generic name. I propose emending this part of Rule 12c to specify that such adjectives must be in the singular form in the nominative case.
March 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902205/enterobacter-aerogenes-hormaeche-and-edwards-1960-approved-lists-1980-and-klebsiella-mobilis-bascomb-et-al-1971-approved-lists-1980-share-the-same-nomenclatural-type-atcc-13048-on-the-approved-lists-and-are-homotypic-synonyms-with-consequences-for-the-name
#17
B J Tindall, G Sutton, G M Garrity
Enterobacter aerogenes Hormaeche and Edwards 1960 (Approved Lists 1980) and Klebsiella mobilis Bascomb et al. 1971 (Approved Lists 1980) were placed on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and were based on the same nomenclatural type, ATCC 13048. Consequently they are to be treated as homotypic synonyms. However, the names of homotypic synonyms at the rank of species normally are based on the same epithet. Examination of the Rules of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria in force at the time indicates that the epithet mobilis in Klebsiella mobilis Bascomb et al...
February 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798405/possibility-and-challenges-of-conversion-of-current-virus-species-names-to-linnaean-binomials
#18
Thomas S Postler, Anna N Clawson, Gaya K Amarasinghe, Christopher F Basler, Sbina Bavari, Mária Benko, Kim R Blasdell, Thomas Briese, Michael J Buchmeier, Alexander Bukreyev, Charles H Calisher, Kartik Chandran, Rémi Charrel, Christopher S Clegg, Peter L Collins, De La Torre Juan Carlos, Joseph L Derisi, Ralf G Dietzgen, Olga Dolnik, Ralf Dürrwald, John M Dye, Andrew J Easton, Sébastian Emonet, Pierre Formenty, Ron A M Fouchier, Elodie Ghedin, Jean-Paul Gonzalez, Balázs Harrach, Roger Hewson, Masayuki Horie, Dàohóng Jiang, Gary Kobinger, Hideki Kondo, Andrew M Kropinski, Mart Krupovic, Gael Kurath, Robert A Lamb, Eric M Leroy, Igor S Lukashevich, Andrea Maisner, Arcady R Mushegian, Sergey V Netesov, Norbert Nowotny, Jean L Patterson, Susan L Payne, Janusz T PaWeska, Clarence J Peters, Sheli R Radoshitzky, Bertus K Rima, Victor Romanowski, Dennis Rubbenstroth, Sead Sabanadzovic, Hélène Sanfaçon, Maria S Salvato, Martin Schwemmle, Sophie J Smither, Mark D Stenglein, David M Stone, Ayato Takada, Robert B Tesh, Keizo Tomonaga, Noël Tordo, Jonathan S Towner, Nikos Vasilakis, Viktor E Volchkov, Victoria Wahl-Jensen, Peter J Walker, Lin-Fa Wang, Arvind Varsani, Anna E Whitfield, F Murilo Zerbini, Jens H Kuhn
Botanical, mycological, zoological, and prokaryotic species names follow the Linnaean format, consisting of an italicized Latinized binomen with a capitalized genus name and a lower case species epithet (e.g., Homo sapiens). Virus species names, however, do not follow a uniform format, and, even when binomial, are not Linnaean in style. In this thought exercise, we attempted to convert all currently official names of species included in the virus family Arenaviridae and the virus order Mononegavirales to Linnaean binomials, and to identify and address associated challenges and concerns...
May 1, 2017: Systematic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650361/epithetic-nasal-reconstruction-for-nasal-carcinoma-retrospective-analysis-on-22-patients
#19
Giorgos Papaspyrou, Bernhard Schick, Mathias Schneider, Basel Al Kadah
Advanced nasal cancers usually demand partial or total rhinectomy followed by radiotherapy. Reconstruction of the resulting defects can be achieved by means of reconstructive plastic surgery and/or epithetic surgery. The data of 22 patients who had been treated after nasal ablation by means of custom-made silicone nasal epithesis fixed by bone-anchored magnets between 2003 and 2014 were evaluated retrospectively. There were 15 male (68.2 %) and 7 (31.8 %) female patients. The most common etiology that led to epithetic rehabilitation was a squamous cell carcinoma in 16 patients...
February 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615831/taxonomy-of-two-endemic-indian-skinks-eutropis-bibronii-gray-1838-br-and-e-nagarjunensis-sharma-1969-reptilia-scincidae-including-redescriptions-of-their-types
#20
A A Thasun Amarasinghe, Patrick D Campbell, S R Chandramouli, Kaushik Deuti, Sujoy Raha, D M S Suranjan Karunarathna, Ivan Ineich
Tiliqua bibronii was described by J.E. Gray in December, 1838 based on two syntypes (MNHN-RA 2940, 7076), but the details for locality was missing. These syntypes are currently housed at the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, France (MNHN-RA). The same species (based on the same type specimens) was described by A.M.C. Duméril & G. Bibron in November, 1839 nearly one year after Gray's publication. As such, Gray's publication must therefore be given priority. Another species, Euprepis trilineatus, from Madras, Tamil Nadu, India, was described by Gray in 1846, and it is morphologically similar to E...
August 19, 2016: Zootaxa
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