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Giorgos Papaspyrou, Bernhard Schick, Mathias Schneider, Basel Al Kadah
Advanced nasal cancers usually demand partial or total rhinectomy followed by radiotherapy. Reconstruction of the resulting defects can be achieved by means of reconstructive plastic surgery and/or epithetic surgery. The data of 22 patients who had been treated after nasal ablation by means of custom-made silicone nasal epithesis fixed by bone-anchored magnets between 2003 and 2014 were evaluated retrospectively. There were 15 male (68.2 %) and 7 (31.8 %) female patients. The most common etiology that led to epithetic rehabilitation was a squamous cell carcinoma in 16 patients...
September 20, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
A A Thasun Amarasinghe, Patrick D Campbell, S R Chandramouli, Kaushik Deuti, Sujoy Raha, D M S Suranjan Karunarathna, Ivan Ineich
Tiliqua bibronii was described by J.E. Gray in December, 1838 based on two syntypes (MNHN-RA 2940, 7076), but the details for locality was missing. These syntypes are currently housed at the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, France (MNHN-RA). The same species (based on the same type specimens) was described by A.M.C. Duméril & G. Bibron in November, 1839 nearly one year after Gray's publication. As such, Gray's publication must therefore be given priority. Another species, Euprepis trilineatus, from Madras, Tamil Nadu, India, was described by Gray in 1846, and it is morphologically similar to E...
2016: Zootaxa
B J Tindall
Edwardsiella tarda Ewing and McWhorter 1965 (Approved Lists 1980) and Edwardsiella anguillimortifera (Hoshina 1962) Sakazaki and Tamura 1975 (Approved Lists 1980) are known to be synonyms that share the same nomenclatural type. Edwardsiella tarda Ewing and McWhorter 1965 (Approved Lists 1980) is the nomenclatural type of the genus Edwardsiella Ewing and McWhorter 1965 (Approved Lists 1980). The question of the priority of the epithet anguillimortifera (Hoshina 1962) over the epithet tarda Ewing and McWhorter 1965 has been raised in the past and a Request for an Opinion to conserve the epithet tarda Ewing and McWhorter 1965 in Edwardsiella tarda Ewing and McWhorter 1965 (Approved Lists 1980) published, but later withdrawn...
August 18, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Ricardo Kriebel
A recent molecular phylogenetic analysis identified a clade containing all species of Conostegia, but that also included species of Clidemia and Miconia nested inside. A taxonomic revision of a more broadly circumscribed Conostegia is presented here. In total, 77 species of Conostegia are recognized. One species from Ecuador, Conostegia ortizae is described as new. Twenty-nine new combinations are proposed for the species of Clidemia and Miconia that fall inside Conostegia. Two new names are proposed for the two species for which the epithet was previously occupied in Conostegia...
2016: PhytoKeys
Philip S Bird, Darren J Trott, Deirdre Mikkelsen, Gabriel J Milinovich, Kristine M Hillman, Paul C Burrell, Linda L Blackall
An obligatory anaerobic, Gram-negative cocco-bacillus with black-pigmented colonies was isolated from the oral cavity of selected Australian marsupial species. Phenotypic andmolecular criteria showed that this bacterium was a distinct species within the genus of Porphyromonas, and closely related to Porphyromonas gingivalis and Porphyromonas gulae. This putative novel species and P. gulae could be differentiated from P. gingivalis by catalase activity. Further characterisation by multi-locus enzyme electrophoresis of glutamate dehydrogenase and malate dehydrogenase enzyme mobility and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry analysis showed that this putative new species could be differentiated phenotypically from P...
August 10, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
B J Tindall
Proposals to make changes to the wording of Rule 27 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes have been made that include the requirement to make reference to the basonym of a new combination. While this is a step in the right direction it does not solve problems where new combinations are associated with multiple heterotypic synonyms and the new combination is based on the selection of the genus name or species epithet that is contrary to the Rules.
August 2, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Ashwini Keskar, Pradeep Kumkar, Unmesh Katwate, Anvar Ali, Rajeev Raghavan, Neelesh Dahanukar
In Keskar et al. (2015) we emended the original name Cobitis rupelli Sykes, 1839, because Sykes (1839) specifically mentions that the species was named after Rüppell. The specific epithet 'rupelli', with a single 'p', is an incorrect original spelling and should be emended into 'ruppelli' as required by Article 32.5 (International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, 1999). However, citing Art, we also suggested that because Sykes (1839) named the species after Rüppell, the umlaut 'ü' should be corrected to 'ue' and that the specific epithet should thus be 'rueppelli'...
2016: Zootaxa
Diego Aguilar Fachin, Márcia Souto Couri, Cátia Antunes De Mello-Patiu
A catalogue of the type specimens of Stratiomyidae (Diptera: Brachycera) held in the collection of Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (MNRJ) is presented. A total number of 50 type specimens of 18 valid Neotropical species were recognized and are listed in alphabetical order of subfamily, genus and specific epithet. Photos of 12 primary types of the species and bibliographical data of the original descriptions, labels and condition of all type specimens are also provided.
2016: Zootaxa
Fujian Huang, Wei-Ching Liao, Yang Sung Sohn, Rachel Nechushtai, Chun-Hua Lu, Itamar Willner
A method to assemble light-responsive or pH-responsive microcapsules loaded with different loads (tetramethylrhodamine-modified dextran, TMR-D; microperoxidase-11, MP-11; CdSe/ZnS quantum dots; or doxorubicin-modified dextran, DOX-D) is described. The method is based on the layer-by-layer deposition of sequence-specific nucleic acids on poly(allylamine hydrochloride)-functionalized CaCO3 core microparticles, loaded with the different loads, that after the dissolution of the core particles with EDTA yields the stimuli-responsive microcapsules that include the respective loads...
July 20, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
B J Tindall
At the plenary session of the Judicial Commission at the 1999 IUMS-BAM International Congress in Sydney changes were made to Rule 61 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria to prevent extensive grammatical or orthographic corrections to names and epithets that had been included on the Approved Lists, the Validation Lists and the Notification Lists. These changes were implemented by the addition of a note to Rule 61. However, that note appears to be retroactive and has an undesirable effect, appearing to prohibit some of the changes already published...
June 15, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Mariellen Dornelles Martins, Luis Henrique Zanini Branco
Phormidium Kützing ex Gomont, a common genus of Cyanobacteria, is widely known as a problematic group. Its simple morphology is not congruent with its genetic heterogeneity and several new generic entities have been described based on 16S rRNA gene analyses from populations with similar morphology. During a study about the diversity of Phormidioideae (Phormidiaceae, Oscillatoriales) in Brazil, ten Phormidium-like strains from Southeastern and Midwestern regions were isolated in monospecific cultures and submitted to polyphasic evaluation (morphological, ecological and molecular studies)...
June 15, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
André Luis de Oliveira Mendonça, Kenneth Rochel de Camargo
The "received view" of Descartes has shaped the image of a dualist thinker who radically separated mind and body and thus laid the foundations for a "divided modernity". Numerous epithets have been applied to Cartesian thinking, all of which now sound depreciative: mechanicism, determinism, and reductionism, among others. This article contends that Descartes was not the type of dualist that is normally assumed. Based on a rereading of two essential works (Discourse on Method and Metaphysical Meditations) and a dialogue with the new literature on the theme, we contend that overcoming the "received view" of Descartes can shed new light on discussions in (and of) the collective health field and highlight the so-called expanded health paradigm (including aspects beyond the biological or physiological, such as the psychological, social, economic, cultural, and political)...
2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Martina Roesner
The present paper examines the Eckhartian motives in Derrida's critique of Levinas' concept of the "Other". The focus is put on the Husserlian concept of alter ego that is at the core of the debate between Levinas and Derrida. Against Levinas, Derrida argues that alter is not an epithet that expresses a mere accidental modification of the ego, but an indicator of radical exteriority. Interestingly enough, this position is virtually identical with Meister Eckhart's interpretation of the famous proposition from Exodus 3:14 "I am who I am"...
January 2, 2016: JBSP: the Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology. British Society for Phenomenology
Keith Allan
This essay examines language change and linguistic creativity as revealed by remodelling, especially as a source for euphemisms and euphemistic dysphemisms and as a function of verbal play. Within the scope of this essay, there are predominantly two ways in which novel terms and expressions are created leading to language change: formally through remodelling and semantically through figurative language. Consider some of the words for nakedness. There is the orthophemistic term nude, from Latin nudus, often used of photographic or painted representations of naked women and, much more rarely, of a naked man-hence the marked term male nude...
2016: SpringerPlus
Aharon Oren, Peter Vandamme, Bernhard Schink
This paper provides a survey of the ways in which Greek words and word roots have been used in the nomenclature of prokaryotes and explores the extent to which the different uses agree with the wording of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes. We here give recommendations on how to use Greek words and word roots in new genus names and specific epithets so that the resulting names are in agreement both with the rules of Greek grammar and with Principle 3 of the Code.
June 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Phil M Novis, Jennifer M Bannister, Fabio Rindi, Daphne E Lee
A fossil of the aerophytic green algal genus Phycopeltis (Trentepohliaes, Ulvophyceae) dated to 35 Ma, is reported from the Pikopiko Fossil Forest, Southland, New Zealand. Previous reports of fossilized Phycopeltis have been subsequently synonymized with fungi by other authors; however, our specimen is not vulnerable to their criticisms. Inflated cells present in two approximately concentric rings are interpreted as gametangia, with irregular structures resembling the gametangial pores of modern material; sporophytic material is absent...
October 2015: Journal of Phycology
Lingzhi Zhang, Chunshan Ni, Wenting Xu, Tongcheng Dai, Dahai Yang, Qiyao Wang, Yuanxing Zhang, Qin Liu
UNLABELLED: Edwardsiella tarda is an important pathogenic bacterium that can replicate in macrophages. However, how the intramacrophage infection process affects the virulence of this bacterium is essentially unknown. Here, we show that E. tarda replicates and induces a caspase-1-dependent cell pyroptosis in a murine macrophage model. Via pyroptosis, intracellular E. tarda escapes to the extracellular milieu, forming a unique bacterial population. Being different from the bacteria cultured alone, this unique population possesses a reprogrammed transcriptional profile, particularly with upregulated type III secretion system (T3SS)/T6SS cluster genes...
May 15, 2016: Journal of Bacteriology
Christopher John Hunt, Valentina Piccoli, Andrea Carnaghi, Lisa Di Blas, Mauro Bianchi, Loredana Hvastja-Stefani, Giovanna Maria Pelamatti, Corrado Cavallero
Homophobic epithets have become commonly used insults among adolescents. However, evidence suggests that there are differences in how these homophobic epithets are evaluated based on beliefs held by the observer and the context in which they are used. To examine this, Italian high school students were asked to rate the offensiveness of homophobic epithets, as well as to consider how they or others would react to homophobic epithets across various situations. Homophobic beliefs and beliefs about the social acceptability of homophobic epithets were also examined...
October 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Christoph Becker, Gian Kayser, Jens Pfeiffer
BACKGROUND: Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the nasal cavity is a rare malignancy and often analyzed in heterogeneous studies with other tumors of the nose or the paranasal sinuses. The purpose of this study was to evaluate distinct risk factors, tumor characteristics, outcome predictors, and the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) in SCC of the nasal cavity. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 39 patients treated at a single quaternary medical care and cancer center...
April 2016: Head & Neck
Chris Letheby
One recent development in epistemology, the philosophical study of knowledge, is the notion of 'epistemic innocence' introduced by Bortolotti and colleagues. This concept expresses the idea that certain suboptimal cognitive processes may nonetheless have epistemic (knowledge-related) benefits. The idea that delusion or confabulation may have psychological benefits is familiar enough. What is novel and interesting is the idea that such conditions may also yield significant and otherwise unavailable epistemic benefits...
January 2016: Consciousness and Cognition
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