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Michela Marignani, Daniele Bruschi, Davide Astiaso Garcia, Raffaella Frondoni, Emanuela Carli, Maria Silvia Pinna, Fabrizio Cumo, Franco Gugliermetti, Arne Saatkamp, Aggeliki Doxa, Emi Martín Queller, Mohamed Chaieb, Magda Bou Dagher-Kharrat, Rana El Zein, Sarah El Jeitani, Carla Khater, Sophie Mansour, Anwar Al-Shami, Ghinwa Harik, Ibrahim Alameddine, Mutasem El-Fadel, Carlo Blasi
Interdisciplinarity and transdisciplinarity are the cornerstone for the future management of coastal ecosystems with many vulnerability and hazard indexes developed for this purpose, especially in the engineering literature, but with limited studies that considered ecological implications within a risk assessment. Similarly, the concept of prioritization of sites has been widely examined in biodiversity conservation studies, but only recently as an instrument for territory management. Considering coastal plant diversity at the species and community levels, and their vulnerability to three main potential hazards threatening coastal areas (oil spills, Hazardous and Noxious Substances pollution, fragmentation of natural habitats), the objective of this paper is to define an easy-to-use approach to locate and prioritize the areas more susceptible to those stressors, in order to have a practical instrument for risk management in the ordinary and extra-ordinary management of the coastline...
March 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
D M Dohan Ehrenfest, Lidia M Wisniewska, Agata Cieslik-Bielecka, Hom-Lay Wang, Manuel Fernándes-Cruz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
Moses John Chimbari
Ecohealth projects are designed to garner ownership among all stakeholders, such as researchers, communities, local leadership and policy makers. Ideally, designs should ensure that implementation goes smoothly and that findings from studies benefit the stakeholders, particularly bringing changes to the communities researched. Paradoxically, the process is fraught with challenges associated with implementation. Notwithstanding these challenges, evidence from projects implemented in southern Africa justify the need to invest in the subject of ecohealth...
September 28, 2016: Acta Tropica
Rebecca Patrick, Uta Dietrich
In Oceania, a region challenged by rapid urbanisation and climate change, integrative frameworks are required to enable effective actions on health and sustainability. The Ecohealth approach provides a framework for practice that acknowledges human health is intrinsically linked to ecosystem health. This research communication reports on a study involving interviews with twenty-seven leading health and sustainability thinkers from Oceania and across the globe. In examining their ideas for action, the report presents the study findings in relation to the guiding principles of Ecohealth: systems thinking, transdisciplinarity, participation, sustainability, equity and knowledge-to-action...
December 2016: EcoHealth
A Fleming, S M Howden
Diversity, interdisciplinarity and transdisciplinarity are now recognized as vital to tackling wicked problems such as those presented by a changing climate (Nature editorial 2015, Ledford 2015; Dick et al., 2016). Including diverse disciplines in science projects enables a range of different views which often facilitate the creation of innovative solutions. Supporting multiple views and options requires a different way of working beyond traditional reductionist approaches to science, communication and decision-making...
November 15, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
S Scott Graham, Amy Harley, Molly M Kessler, Laura Roberts, Dannielle DeVasto, Daniel J Card, Joan M Neuner, Sang-Yeon Kim
Effectively addressing wicked health problems, that is, those arising from complex multifactorial biological and socio-economic causes, requires transdisciplinary action. However, a significant body of research points toward substantial difficulties in cultivating transdisciplinary collaboration. Accordingly, this article presents the results of a study that adapts Systems Ethnography and Qualitative Modeling (SEQM) in response to wicked health problems. SEQM protocols were designed to catalyze transdisciplinary responses to national defense concerns...
July 4, 2016: Qualitative Health Research
Jennifer Boger, Piper Jackson, Maurice Mulvenna, Judith Sixsmith, Andrew Sixsmith, Alex Mihailidis, Pia Kontos, Janice Miller Polgar, Alisa Grigorovich, Suzanne Martin
Developing useful and usable assistive technologies often presents complex (or "wicked") challenges that require input from multiple disciplines and sectors. Transdisciplinary collaboration can enable holistic understanding of challenges that may lead to innovative, impactful and transformative solutions. This paper presents generalised principles that are intended to foster transdisciplinary assistive technology development. The paper introduces the area of assistive technology design before discussing general aspects of transdisciplinary collaboration followed by an overview of relevant concepts, including approaches, methodologies and frameworks for conducting and evaluating transdisciplinary working and assistive technology design...
April 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
L C Rietveld, J G Siri, I Chakravarty, A M Arsénio, R Biswas, A Chatterjee
BACKGROUND: As human populations become more and more urban, decision-makers at all levels face new challenges related to both the scale of service provision and the increasing complexity of cities and the networks that connect them. These challenges may take on unique aspects in cities with different cultures, political and institutional frameworks, and at different levels of development, but they frequently have in common an origin in the interaction of human and environmental systems and the feedback relationships that govern their dynamic evolution...
March 8, 2016: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
Patrick Paul
The discoveries in human genetics regularly question the meaning and limits of our interventions. In fact, to intervene on the physical nature challenges their ethical framework. However a gap exists between a medicine treating biological imbalances, diseases with organics repercussions and the psychological, social and cultural reality of the treated human persons. This gap hopes to fade with bioethics, word that has, in its vocation, the desire to meet the "bios" (biology's techniques and knowledge) and ethics...
October 2015: Journal International de Bioéthique, International Journal of Bioethics
Kathryn H Schmitz, Sarah Gehlert, Ruth E Patterson, Graham A Colditz, Jorge E Chavarro, Frank B Hu, Marian L Neuhouser, Kathleen M Sturgeon, Mark Thornquist, Deirdre Tobias, Linda C Nebeling
When information is exchanged across disciplinary boundaries, resources are shared, and discipline-specific approaches are altered to achieve a common scientific goal, we create a new intellectual space for transdisciplinary research. This approach, fostered heavily by multiple NCI-funded initiatives, has the potential to forge new understanding of major public health issues. By breaking down disciplinary barriers, we work toward making real, meaningful, and lasting forward motion in addressing key public health issues...
April 1, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Catrinel Turcanu, Jantine Schröder, Gaston Meskens, Tanja Perko, Nicolas Rossignol, Benny Carlé, Frank Hardeman
Research on nuclear technologies has been largely driven by a detachment of the 'technical content' from the 'social context'. However, social studies of science and technology--also for the nuclear domain--emphasize that 'the social' and 'the technical' dimensions of technology development are inter-related and co-produced. In an effort to create links between nuclear research and innovation and society in mutually beneficial ways, the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre started fifteen years ago a 'Programme of Integration of Social Aspects into nuclear research' (PISA)...
March 2016: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
Mónica Berger-González, Michael Stauffacher, Jakob Zinsstag, Peter Edwards, Pius Krütli
Transdisciplinarity (TD) is a participatory research approach in which actors from science and society work closely together. It offers means for promoting knowledge integration and finding solutions to complex societal problems, and can be applied within a multiplicity of epistemic systems. We conducted a TD process from 2011 to 2014 between indigenous Mayan medical specialists from Guatemala and Western biomedical physicians and scientists to study cancer. Given the immense cultural gap between the partners, it was necessary to develop new methods to overcome biases induced by ethnocentric behaviors and power differentials...
January 2016: Qualitative Health Research
Luz Arenas-Monreal, Marlene Cortez-Lugo, Irene Parada-Toro, Lilian E Pacheco-Magaña, Laura Magaña-Valladares
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the characteristics of health diagnosis according to the ecohealth approach in rural and urban communities in Mexico. METHODS: Health diagnosis were conducted in La Nopalera, from December 2007 to October 2008, and in Atlihuayan, from December 2010 to October 2011. The research was based on three principles of the ecohealth approach: transdisciplinarity, community participation, gender and equity. To collect information, a joint methodology and several techniques were used to stimulate the participation of inhabitants...
2015: Revista de Saúde Pública
Éric Alliez
This article analyses Guattari's and Latour's bodies of work as radical developers of a processual and ontological transdisciplinarity. These works impose a definitive break from the history that, in the 1960s, had drawn upon structuralism in order to oppose philosophy with an epistemological revolution from the perspective of a scientific problematization and first transdisciplinary reconfiguration of the sciences de l'homme. It is shown that the second anti-structuralist transdisciplinarity affirms as its raison dêtre "the necessity to return to Pragmatics" (Guattari), to enact the new significance of the transversal constructions liberated by the rhizomatic monism of a hybrid social ontology (Latour)...
September 2015: Theory, Culture & Society
Peter Osborne
This article situates current debates about transdisciplinarity within the deeper history of academic disciplinarity, in its difference from the notions of inter- and multi-disciplinarity. It offers a brief typology and history of established conceptions of transdisciplinarity within science and technology studies. It then goes on to raise the question of the conceptual structure of transdisciplinary generality in the humanities, with respect to the incorporation of the 19th- and 20th-century German and French philosophical traditions into the anglophone humanities, under the name of 'theory'...
September 2015: Theory, Culture & Society
H Künemund, K R Schroeter
Given the suggestion to establish gerontology as an independent scientific discipline, the paper discusses the options for further development. It is argued that multidisciplinarity, interdisciplinarity and transdisciplinarity are the only alternatives that should be explicitly highlighted as a special feature of gerontology and that advantages and disadvantages of these alternatives should be discussed further.
April 2015: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Lena Vannieuwenborg, Frank Buntinx, Jan De Lepeleire
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial problems are widespread but reliable data about management are sparse. An overall view is missing and there is a need for a wider framework to include the data available in health care and welfare practice, databases and research output. The question under scope is: how are psychosocial problems presented and handled in primary care in Flanders? METHODS: A mixed method was used. Using a 'fishbone diagram' (1) we obtained a basic structure to visualize the main (problem) areas and challenges...
2015: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
Albert Barrocas, Paulette Moten-Bickham, Jeff Tonini, Carol Beck-McCullough
Nutrition support teams face many challenges to establish, fund, maintain, and justify their existence. Some of the challenges can be resolved over time. However, the challenge of providing nutrition in general and nutrition support in specific during a natural disaster is void of the luxury of time experienced with the previously delineated challenges. The experience of Methodist Hospital in New Orleans, Louisiana, during Hurricane Katrina in 2005 in providing nutrition and nutrition support is summarized in this invited article...
October 2014: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Sarah Gehlert, Kara Hall, Amanda Vogel, Sarah Hohl, Sheri Hartman, Linda Nebeling, Susan Redline, Kathryn Schmitz, Mark Thornquist, Ruth Patterson, Beti Thompson
Strategies for constructing and maintaining cross-disciplinary teams are in their infancy. We outline strategies to support one form, transdisciplinary research, in a major initiative of the National Cancer Institute, the Transdisciplinary Research in Energetics and Cancer 2 (TREC2) initiative. Discussion of the TREC2 sites' experiences with transdisciplinarity is structured around a conceptual model that identifies four iterative phases of transdisciplinary research. An active coordination center, regular face-to-face meetings, and input from external advisors were instrumental in moving TREC2 to the translation phase...
September 2014: Journal of Translational Medicine & Epidemiology
Vi Nguyen, Hung Nguyen-Viet, Phuc Pham-Duc, Craig Stephen, Scott A McEwen
BACKGROUND: To date, research has shown an increasing use of the term "ecohealth" in literature, but few researchers have explicitly described how it has been used. We investigated a project on health and environmental sanitation (the conceptual framework of which included the pillars of ecohealth) to identify the impediments and enablers of ecohealth and investigate how it can move from concept to practice. METHODS: A case study approach was used. The interview questions were centred on the nature of interactions and the sharing of information between stakeholders...
2014: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
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