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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099161/children-s-rare-disease-rehabilitation-from-multidisciplinarity-to-transdisciplinarity-approach
#1
Antonio Trabacca, Luigi Russo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962571/one-health-ecohealth-capacity-building-programs-in-south-and-south-east-asia-a-mixed-method-rapid-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Pranab Chatterjee, Abhimanyu Singh Chauhan, Jessy Joseph, Manish Kakkar
BACKGROUND: Although One Health (OH) or EcoHealth (EH) have been acknowledged to provide comprehensive and holistic approaches to study complex problems, like zoonoses and emerging infectious diseases, there remains multiple challenges in implementing them in a problem-solving paradigm. One of the most commonly encountered barriers, especially in low- and middle-income countries, is limited capacity to undertake OH/EH inquiries. A rapid review was undertaken to conduct a situation analysis of the existing OH/EH capacity building programs, with a focused analysis of those programs with extensive OH engagement, to help map the current efforts in this area...
September 29, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929098/the-degree-of-one-health-implementation-in-the-west-nile-virus-integrated-surveillance-in-northern-italy-2016
#3
REVIEW
Giulia Paternoster, Laura Tomassone, Marco Tamba, Mario Chiari, Antonio Lavazza, Mauro Piazzi, Anna R Favretto, Giacomo Balduzzi, Alessandra Pautasso, Barbara R Vogler
West Nile virus (WNV) is endemic in the Po valley area, Northern Italy, and within the legal framework of the national plan for the surveillance of human vector-borne diseases, WNV surveillance has over time been implemented. The surveillance plans are based on the transdisciplinary and trans-sectorial collaboration between regional institutions involved in public, animal, and environmental health. This integrated surveillance targets mosquitoes, wild birds, humans, and horses and aims at early detecting the viral circulation and reducing the risk of infection in the human populations...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852925/against-the-integrative-turn-in-bioethics-burdens-of-understanding
#4
Lovro Savić, Viktor Ivanković
The advocates of Integrative Bioethics have insisted that this recently emerging project aspires to become a new stage of bioethical development, surpassing both biomedically oriented bioethics and global bioethics. We claim in this paper that if the project wants to successfully replace the two existing paradigms, it at least needs to properly address and surmount the lack of common moral vocabulary problem. This problem points to a semantic incommensurability due to cross-language communication in moral terms...
August 29, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789670/patient-centered-boundary-mechanisms-to-foster-intercultural-partnerships-in-health-care-a-case-study-in-guatemala
#5
Martin Hitziger, Mónica Berger Gonzalez, Eduardo Gharzouzi, Daniela Ochaíta Santizo, Regina Solis Miranda, Andrea Isabel Aguilar Ferro, Ana Vides-Porras, Michael Heinrich, Peter Edwards, Pius Krütli
BACKGROUND: Up to one half of the population in Africa, Asia and Latin America has little access to high-quality biomedical services and relies on traditional health systems. Medical pluralism is thus in many developing countries the rule rather than the exception, which is why the World Health Organization is calling for intercultural partnerships to improve health care in these regions. They are, however, challenging due to disparate knowledge systems and lack of trust that hamper understanding and collaboration...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578997/-the-human-use-of-human-beings-interdisciplinarity-transdisciplinarity-and-all-that-in-biophysics-and-beyond
#6
Marco Elio Tabacchi, Settimo Termini
Biophysics, just by looking at its name, indicates an interdisciplinary scientific activity, although the notion of interdisciplinarity, as such, seems to be not widely or specifically discussed by biophysicists. The same seems to have happened as well in the early stages of the development of cybernetics, notably in Norbert Wiener's writings. This situation seems to contrast with what has happened in subsequent developments of cybernetics ideas, notably in general system theory and cognitive sciences. After a few general reflections on the notion of interdisciplinarity, its sophisticated variants and the path leading to the birth of cognitive science, we shall refer to Wiener's thought to extracts aspects and indications that could be useful today, also for what concerns the social responsibility of scientists, which could be seen as stemming from a very general form of interdisciplinarity...
October 2017: Biophysical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547926/transdisciplinarity-in-health-care-a-concept-analysis
#7
Vanessa Van Bewer
AIM: To analyze the concept of transdisciplinarity and provide an enhanced definition of transdisciplinarity in health care. BACKGROUND: The term transdisciplinarity is increasingly prevalent in health care research and has been identified as important to improving the effectiveness and efficiency in health care. However, the term continues to be misappropriated and poorly understood by researchers and clinicians alike which hinders its potential use and impact...
May 26, 2017: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284647/identification-and-prioritization-of-areas-with-high-environmental-risk-in-mediterranean-coastal-areas-a-flexible-approach
#8
Michela Marignani, Daniele Bruschi, Davide Astiaso Garcia, Raffaella Frondoni, Emanuela Carli, Maria Silvia Pinna, Fabrizio Cumo, Franco Gugliermetti, Arne Saatkamp, Aggeliki Doxa, Emi Martín Queller, Mohamed Chaieb, Magda Bou Dagher-Kharrat, Rana El Zein, Sarah El Jeitani, Carla Khater, Sophie Mansour, Anwar Al-Shami, Ghinwa Harik, Ibrahim Alameddine, Mutasem El-Fadel, Carlo Blasi
Interdisciplinarity and transdisciplinarity are the cornerstone for the future management of coastal ecosystems with many vulnerability and hazard indexes developed for this purpose, especially in the engineering literature, but with limited studies that considered ecological implications within a risk assessment. Similarly, the concept of prioritization of sites has been widely examined in biodiversity conservation studies, but only recently as an instrument for territory management. Considering coastal plant diversity at the species and community levels, and their vulnerability to three main potential hazards threatening coastal areas (oil spills, Hazardous and Noxious Substances pollution, fragmentation of natural habitats), the objective of this paper is to define an easy-to-use approach to locate and prioritize the areas more susceptible to those stressors, in order to have a practical instrument for risk management in the ordinary and extra-ordinary management of the coastline...
March 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056729/editorial-molecular-cellular-and-pharmaceutical-aspects-of-biomaterials-in-dentistry-and-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-international-cooperation-translational-research-and-transdisciplinarity
#9
D M Dohan Ehrenfest, Lidia M Wisniewska, Agata Cieslik-Bielecka, Hom-Lay Wang, Manuel Fernándes-Cruz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693333/lessons-from-implementation-of-ecohealth-projects-in-southern-africa-a-principal-investigator-s-perspective
#10
Moses John Chimbari
Ecohealth projects are designed to garner ownership among all stakeholders, such as researchers, communities, local leadership and policy makers. Ideally, designs should ensure that implementation goes smoothly and that findings from studies benefit the stakeholders, particularly bringing changes to the communities researched. Paradoxically, the process is fraught with challenges associated with implementation. Notwithstanding these challenges, evidence from projects implemented in southern Africa justify the need to invest in the subject of ecohealth...
November 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650715/global-principles-regional-action-guiding-ecohealth-practice-in-oceania
#11
Rebecca Patrick, Uta Dietrich
In Oceania, a region challenged by rapid urbanisation and climate change, integrative frameworks are required to enable effective actions on health and sustainability. The Ecohealth approach provides a framework for practice that acknowledges human health is intrinsically linked to ecosystem health. This research communication reports on a study involving interviews with twenty-seven leading health and sustainability thinkers from Oceania and across the globe. In examining their ideas for action, the report presents the study findings in relation to the guiding principles of Ecohealth: systems thinking, transdisciplinarity, participation, sustainability, equity and knowledge-to-action...
December 2016: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486065/ambiguity-a-new-way-of-thinking-about-responses-to-climate-change
#12
A Fleming, S M Howden
Diversity, interdisciplinarity and transdisciplinarity are now recognized as vital to tackling wicked problems such as those presented by a changing climate (Nature editorial 2015, Ledford 2015; Dick et al., 2016). Including diverse disciplines in science projects enables a range of different views which often facilitate the creation of innovative solutions. Supporting multiple views and options requires a different way of working beyond traditional reductionist approaches to science, communication and decision-making...
November 15, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378132/catalyzing-transdisciplinarity-a-systems-ethnography-of-cancer-obesity-comorbidity-and-risk-coincidence
#13
S Scott Graham, Amy Harley, Molly M Kessler, Laura Roberts, Dannielle DeVasto, Daniel J Card, Joan M Neuner, Sang-Yeon Kim
Effectively addressing wicked health problems, that is, those arising from complex multifactorial biological and socio-economic causes, requires transdisciplinary action. However, a significant body of research points toward substantial difficulties in cultivating transdisciplinary collaboration. Accordingly, this article presents the results of a study that adapts Systems Ethnography and Qualitative Modeling (SEQM) in response to wicked health problems. SEQM protocols were designed to catalyze transdisciplinary responses to national defense concerns...
May 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27052793/principles-for-fostering-the-transdisciplinary-development-of-assistive-technologies
#14
Jennifer Boger, Piper Jackson, Maurice Mulvenna, Judith Sixsmith, Andrew Sixsmith, Alex Mihailidis, Pia Kontos, Janice Miller Polgar, Alisa Grigorovich, Suzanne Martin
Developing useful and usable assistive technologies often presents complex (or "wicked") challenges that require input from multiple disciplines and sectors. Transdisciplinary collaboration can enable holistic understanding of challenges that may lead to innovative, impactful and transformative solutions. This paper presents generalised principles that are intended to foster transdisciplinary assistive technology development. The paper introduces the area of assistive technology design before discussing general aspects of transdisciplinary collaboration followed by an overview of relevant concepts, including approaches, methodologies and frameworks for conducting and evaluating transdisciplinary working and assistive technology design...
July 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26960393/improving-health-in-cities-through-systems-approaches-for-urban-water-management
#15
L C Rietveld, J G Siri, I Chakravarty, A M Arsénio, R Biswas, A Chatterjee
BACKGROUND: As human populations become more and more urban, decision-makers at all levels face new challenges related to both the scale of service provision and the increasing complexity of cities and the networks that connect them. These challenges may take on unique aspects in cities with different cultures, political and institutional frameworks, and at different levels of development, but they frequently have in common an origin in the interaction of human and environmental systems and the feedback relationships that govern their dynamic evolution...
March 8, 2016: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26911079/-transdisciplinarity-a-new-status-of-the-subject-in-health-epistemological-and-ethical-questions
#16
Patrick Paul
The discoveries in human genetics regularly question the meaning and limits of our interventions. In fact, to intervene on the physical nature challenges their ethical framework. However a gap exists between a medicine treating biological imbalances, diseases with organics repercussions and the psychological, social and cultural reality of the treated human persons. This gap hopes to fade with bioethics, word that has, in its vocation, the desire to meet the "bios" (biology's techniques and knowledge) and ethics...
October 2015: Journal International de Bioéthique, International Journal of Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26792261/trec-to-where-transdisciplinary-research-on-energetics-and-cancer
#17
REVIEW
Kathryn H Schmitz, Sarah Gehlert, Ruth E Patterson, Graham A Colditz, Jorge E Chavarro, Frank B Hu, Marian L Neuhouser, Kathleen M Sturgeon, Mark Thornquist, Deirdre Tobias, Linda C Nebeling
When information is exchanged across disciplinary boundaries, resources are shared, and discipline-specific approaches are altered to achieve a common scientific goal, we create a new intellectual space for transdisciplinary research. This approach, fostered heavily by multiple NCI-funded initiatives, has the potential to forge new understanding of major public health issues. By breaking down disciplinary barriers, we work toward making real, meaningful, and lasting forward motion in addressing key public health issues...
April 1, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26736182/like-a-bridge-over-troubled-water-opening-pathways-for-integrating-social-sciences-and-humanities-into-nuclear-research
#18
Catrinel Turcanu, Jantine Schröder, Gaston Meskens, Tanja Perko, Nicolas Rossignol, Benny Carlé, Frank Hardeman
Research on nuclear technologies has been largely driven by a detachment of the 'technical content' from the 'social context'. However, social studies of science and technology--also for the nuclear domain--emphasize that 'the social' and 'the technical' dimensions of technology development are inter-related and co-produced. In an effort to create links between nuclear research and innovation and society in mutually beneficial ways, the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre started fifteen years ago a 'Programme of Integration of Social Aspects into nuclear research' (PISA)...
March 2016: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26679941/transdisciplinary-research-on-cancer-healing-systems-between-biomedicine-and-the-maya-of-guatemala-a-tool-for-reciprocal-reflexivity-in-a-multi-epistemological-setting
#19
Mónica Berger-González, Michael Stauffacher, Jakob Zinsstag, Peter Edwards, Pius Krütli
Transdisciplinarity (TD) is a participatory research approach in which actors from science and society work closely together. It offers means for promoting knowledge integration and finding solutions to complex societal problems, and can be applied within a multiplicity of epistemic systems. We conducted a TD process from 2011 to 2014 between indigenous Mayan medical specialists from Guatemala and Western biomedical physicians and scientists to study cancer. Given the immense cultural gap between the partners, it was necessary to develop new methods to overcome biases induced by ethnocentric behaviors and power differentials...
January 2016: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26538099/population-health-diagnosis-with-an-ecohealth-approach
#20
Luz Arenas-Monreal, Marlene Cortez-Lugo, Irene Parada-Toro, Lilian E Pacheco-Magaña, Laura Magaña-Valladares
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the characteristics of health diagnosis according to the ecohealth approach in rural and urban communities in Mexico. METHODS: Health diagnosis were conducted in La Nopalera, from December 2007 to October 2008, and in Atlihuayan, from December 2010 to October 2011. The research was based on three principles of the ecohealth approach: transdisciplinarity, community participation, gender and equity. To collect information, a joint methodology and several techniques were used to stimulate the participation of inhabitants...
2015: Revista de Saúde Pública
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