Read by QxMD icon Read


G K Ambler, A L Stimpson, B G Wardle, D C Bosanquet, U K Hanif, S Germain, C Chick, N Goyal, C P Twine
INTRODUCTION: Infra-popliteal angioplasty continues to be widely performed with minimal evidence to guide practice. Endovascular device selection is contentious and there is even uncertainty over which artery to treat for optimum reperfusion. Direct reperfusion (DR) targets the artery supplying the ischaemic tissue. Indirect reperfusion (IR) targets an artery supplying collaterals to the ischaemic area. Our unit practice for the last eight years has been to attempt to open all tibial arteries at the time of angioplasty...
2017: PloS One
Amir H Dorafshar, Gerhard S Mundinger, Brent Robinson, Sami Tuffaha, Gerald Brandacher, Patrick Byrne, Robert L Walton
Background The science and technical acumen in the field of vascularized composite allotransplantation has progressed rapidly over the past 15 years, and transplantation of specialized units of the face, such as the nose, appears possible. No study to date has evaluated the technical feasibility of isolated nasal unit transplantation (NUT). In this study, we explore the anatomy and technical specifics of NUT. Methods In this study, four fresh cadaver heads were studied. Bilateral vascular pedicle dissections were performed in each cadaver...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
Cheol Hyun Lee, Osung Kwon, Ungjeong Do, Jung Ae Hong, Kyusup Lee, Min Soo Cho, Jaeseok Bae, Do-Yoon Kang, Se Hun Kang, Pil Hyung Lee, Sung-Han Yoon, Jung-Min Ahn, Duk-Woo Park, Soo-Jin Kang, Seung-Whan Lee, Young-Hak Kim, Cheol Whan Lee, Seong-Wook Park, Seung-Jung Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Mehdi H Shishehbor, Michael R Jaff
Percutaneous therapies for peripheral artery disease continue to evolve with new techniques and devices. Although guidelines-recommended therapies have impacted cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, endovascular interventions have been shown to reduce limb pain, improve quality of life, and prolong walking distance for those with claudication and to reduce amputation rates among those with critical limb ischemia. Novel devices such as drug-eluting stents and drug-coated balloons have improved patency for moderate-length lesions, whereas others allow treatment of heavily calcified and tortuous segments...
December 13, 2016: Circulation
R Vijayan, F Al-Aswad, R Y Kannan
The centre ground in the world of flaps have over time, gradually shifted from tubed pedicled, random-pattern, axial-pattern, pedicled, free and currently, to free-styled flaps. These concepts are broadly based on the angiosome-perforasome concept. In this case report, we illustrate how the concept of venosome capture can be transposed onto reverse-flow flaps with the aid of venous supercharging. Moreover, if this is seen from the free-styled flap perspective, it requires supermicrosurgical expertise. This case report hence, serves as a fusion of all the above concepts...
February 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Ulrich Rother, Katrin Krenz, Werner Lang, Raymund E Horch, Axel Schmid, Marco Heinz, Alexander Meyer, Susanne Regus
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, a controversial discussion about the clinical relevance of the angiosome concept during tibial angioplasty has developed. Therefore, we conducted a prospective study to evaluate the angiosome concept on the level of microcirculation during tibial vascular interventions. METHODS: Thirty patients with isolated tibial angioplasty were examined prospectively. Macrocirculation was evaluated by measurement of the ankle-brachial index (ABI)...
February 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Kristýna Špillerová, Fausto Biancari, Nicla Settembre, Anders Albäck, Maarit Venermo
BACKGROUND: The definition of angiosome-targeted revascularization is confusing, especially when a tissue lesion affects several angiosomes. Two different definitions of direct revascularization exist in the literature. The study aim was (1) to compare the 2 definitions of direct revascularization in patients with foot lesions involving more than one angiosome and (2) to evaluate which definition better predicts clinical outcome. METHODS: This study cohort comprises 658 patients with Rutherford 5-6 foot lesions who underwent infrapopliteal endovascular or surgical revascularization between January 2010 and July 2013...
September 29, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Hyun Suk Suh, Tae Suk Oh, Ho Seung Lee, Seung Hwan Lee, Yong Pil Cho, Joong Ryul Park, Joon Pio Hong
BACKGROUND: Major vessels in the diabetic foot are often calcified and inadequate for use as recipient vessels. Thus, a supermicrosurgery technique using small branches or perforators from other collateral vessels with an adequate pulse may be an alternative method. This study evaluated outcome using the supermicrosurgery concept and the risk factors involved. METHODS: Ninety-five cases of diabetic foot reconstruction were reviewed; the average patient age was 57 years; average follow-up was 43...
October 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Ines E Tinhofer, Chieh-Han J Tzou, Dominik Duscher, Michael S Pollhammer, Wolfgang J Weninger, Georg M Huemer, Manfred Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Fasciocutaneous flaps supplied by discrete perforator arteries can be raised in numerous parts of the human body and are routinely used in plastic surgery. The aim of this anatomical investigation was to provide a description of the vascular supply of the medial upper arm, to localize and measure the perforator arteries and to define potential perforator flap dimensions in pendency of individual anatomical conditions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 20 upper limbs from 11 fresh cadavers were examined...
September 16, 2016: Microsurgery
C Caradu, A S Battut, C Gonthier, D Midy, E Ducasse
One third of patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) has below the knee lesions and requires a restoration of direct blood flow into the foot. However, many of these patients are ineligible for open surgery. The primary goals thus become pain relief and limb salvage over patency. The angiosome concept helps determine the target artery to treat in priority. The endovascular approach has decreased morbidity and mortality rates compared to distal bypass surgery; while subintimal retrograde, trans-collateral and loop techniques push the limits of open surgery by reopening the plantar arch, thereby improving run-off...
December 2016: Journal des Maladies Vasculaires
Andrew P Murdoch, Sam N Greenaway, Laura J Owen, Alan Danielski
OBJECTIVES: To confirm the anatomic location of the cranial cutaneous branch of the saphenous artery (CCSA), delineate the angiosome of the CCSA, and provide guidelines for clinical use of an axial pattern flap based on the CCSA. STUDY DESIGN: Anatomic study. ANIMALS: Greyhound cadavers (n=10). METHODS: Shortly after euthanasia, the CCSA was identified and isolated in each hindlimb. Methylene blue and radiographic perfusion studies were performed...
October 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
X Y Tao, Z W Zhou, L H Yang, W Y Gao, L Wang, J Ding, X L Feng
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of pretreatment with dimethyloxalylglycine (DMOG) on the survival of multi-territory perforator flap and the vessels of choke zone (CZ) 2 in rat, and to explore related mechanism. METHODS: Sixty adult SD rats were divided into group DMOG and normal saline group (NS) according to the random number table, with 30 rats in each group. Perforator flap with three angiosomes was made on the right dorsal side of rat, including deep iliac circumflex artery perforator, intercostal artery perforator, thoracodorsal artery perforator, as well as CZ 1 and CZ 2...
July 20, 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
Heng Xu, Zheng Zhang, Yimeng Xia, Zvi Steinberger, Peiru Min, Hua Li, Yahui Dai, Yixin Zhang
Background The best known limitation to the use of prefabricated flaps is their limited survival area. One explanation for this is insufficient neovascularization. However, blood flow of prefabricated flaps is through their innate vascular network. This could lead one to conclude that angiosomes may impede blood perfusion. This study aims to settle this contradiction between theory and clinical practice. Methods We performed a two-stage operation of a prefabricated abdominal flap in a rat model. The rats were divided into five groups (n = 6/group)...
November 2016: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
Kum Ju Chae, Jin Yong Shin
PURPOSE: Given that the efficacy of employing angiosome-targeted angioplasty in the treatment of diabetic foot remains controversial, this study was conducted to examine its efficacy. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature review and meta-analysis using core databases, extracting the treatment modality of angiosome-targeted angioplasty as the predictor variable, and limb salvage, wound healing, and revision rate as the outcome variables. We used the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale to assess the study quality, along with the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool...
2016: PloS One
Marie Pavé, Laurent Benadiba, Ludovic Berger, Djelloul Gouicem, Maxime Hendricks, Didier Plissonnier
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the long-term clinical results of below-the-knee percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (BTK-PTA) with or without stenting, in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI), and to determine factors affecting clinical results including the role of the angiosome concept. METHODS: All patients undergoing primary BTK-PTA from January 2007 to December 2011 were included. Primary patency, assisted patency, limb salvage, survival, and wound healing were assessed using the Kaplan-Meier method...
October 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Kyle J Cooper, Constantino Peña, James Benenati
Critical limb ischemia is a condition that has increased in prevalence and carries a high degree of morbidity. Although endovascular therapy for treatment of patients with critical limb ischemia has undergone significant advances with improved outcomes over the past decade, these patients often have multilevel disease, and it may take weeks or months for ulceration healing. For this reason, the acceptable therapeutic end points during and immediately following revascularization remain somewhat obscure. There are multiple tools available to guide the treating vascular specialist in this regard...
June 2016: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Gudjon Leifur Gunnarsson, Troels Tei, Jørn Bo Thomsen
Knowledge about perforators and angiosomes has inspired new and innovative flap designs for reconstruction of defects throughout the body. The purpose of this article is to share our experience using color Doppler ultrasonography (CDU)-targeted perforator mapping and angiosome-based flap reconstruction throughout the body. The CDU was used to identify the largest and best-located perforator adjacent to the defect to target the reconstruction. The cutaneous or fasciocutaneous flaps were raised, mobilized, and designed according to the reconstructive needs as rotation, advancement, or turnover flaps...
October 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Gökhan Temiz, Nebil Yeşiloğlu, Hakan Şirinoğlu, Ali Cem Akpınar, Murat Sarıcı, Deniz Filinte, Gaye Taylan Filinte, Mehmet Bozkurt
BACKGROUND: Botulinum toxin type-A (Bot-A) is a commonly used drug for both cosmetic and therapeutic purposes. The effects of Bot-A on skin and muscle flaps and the related mechanisms have been described previously. In this study, we used a rat transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM) flap model to examine the effects of Bot-A on the skin island, which is perfused by the rectus abdominis muscle according to the angiosome concept. METHODS: Forty female rats were divided into five groups, including control and sham groups...
July 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Jie Zheng, David Muccigrosso, Xiaodong Zhang, Hongyu An, Andrew R Coggan, Bashir Adil, Charles F Hildebolt, Chandu Vemuri, Patrick Geraghty, Mary K Hastings, Michael J Mueller
PURPOSE: To develop a noncontrast oximetric angiosome imaging approach to assess skeletal muscle oxygenation in diabetic feet. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In four healthy and five subjects with diabetes, the feasibility of foot oximetry was examined using a 3T clinical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner. The subjects' feet were scanned at rest and during a toe-flexion isometric exercise. The oxygen extraction fraction of skeletal muscle was measured using a susceptibility-based MRI method...
October 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Ehrin J Armstrong, Kalkidan Bishu, Stephen W Waldo
Endovascular treatment of infrapopliteal disease is focused on the treatment of patients with rest pain or critical limb ischemia (CLI) due to severe atherosclerotic disease. While the evidence base surrounding the comparative effectiveness of endovascular intervention vs. surgery is lacking, many operators have adopted an "endovascular first" approach to the treatment of infrapopliteal atherosclerotic disease due to the lower morbidity of these procedures. This manuscript reviews current data on the endovascular treatment of CLI, including a comparison of endovascular and surgical approaches, current indications for and outcomes with balloon angioplasty of infrapopliteal PAD, angiosome-guided revascularization, and emerging technologies to improve long-term vessel patency after endovascular intervention...
April 2016: Current Cardiology Reports
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"