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Catherine Spong

Nahida Chakhtoura, Rohan Hazra, Catherine Y Spong
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Zika virus' impact on pregnancy became widely known in 2015 with a dramatic increase in the number of babies born with microcephaly in Recife, Brazil. A mosquito-borne virus resulting in congenital anomalies is unique, and Zika's ability to cause neurological defects on a large scale was a grim reminder of the Rubella epidemic in the 1950s. Over the past 2 years, studies have provided insight on how Zika virus (ZIKV) infects cells and causes disease, but much remains unknown about the long-term risks of Zika exposure on infant growth and development...
February 5, 2018: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Dennis A Twombly, Sarah L Glavin, Jennifer Guimond, Susan Taymans, Catherine Y Spong, Diana W Bianchi
Importance: Investing in the next generation of researchers is essential, as recently highlighted in the 21st Century Cures Act. From its inception, the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) has supported training and career development to ensure a robust pipeline of investigators who are prepared to lead their respective fields of inquiry. In recent years, the NICHD has emphasized institutional over individual training awards to a greater degree than many other National Institutes of Health institutes of similar size...
March 1, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
Catherine Y Spong, Diana W Bianchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Nora D Volkow, George F Koob, Robert T Croyle, Diana W Bianchi, Joshua A Gordon, Walter J Koroshetz, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable, William T Riley, Michele H Bloch, Kevin Conway, Bethany G Deeds, Gayathri J Dowling, Steven Grant, Katia D Howlett, John A Matochik, Glen D Morgan, Margaret M Murray, Antonio Noronha, Catherine Y Spong, Eric M Wargo, Kenneth R Warren, Susan R B Weiss
Adolescence is a time of dramatic changes in brain structure and function, and the adolescent brain is highly susceptible to being altered by experiences like substance use. However, there is much we have yet to learn about how these experiences influence brain development, how they promote or interfere with later health outcomes, or even what healthy brain development looks like. A large longitudinal study beginning in early adolescence could help us understand the normal variability in adolescent brain and cognitive development and tease apart the many factors that influence it...
October 10, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
Ann O'Mara, Julia H Rowland, Thomas N Greenwell, Cheri L Wiggs, Jerome Fleg, Lyndon Joseph, Joan McGowan, James S Panagis, Charles Washabaugh, Grace C Y Peng, Rosalina Bray, Alison N Cernich, Theresa H Cruz, Sue Marden, Mary Ellen Michel, Ralph Nitkin, Louis Quatrano, Catherine Y Spong, Lana Shekim, Teresa L Z Jones, Denise Juliano-Bult, David M Panchinson, Daofen Chen, Lyn Jakeman, Ann Knebel, Lois A Tully, Leighton Chan, Diane Damiano, Biao Tian, Pamela McInnes, Partap Khalsa, Eve Reider, David Shurtleff, William Elwood, Rachel Ballard, Abby G Ershow, Lisa Begg
One in five Americans experiences disability that affects their daily function because of impairments in mobility, cognitive function, sensory impairment, or communication impairment. The need for rehabilitation strategies to optimize function and reduce disability is a clear priority for research to address this public health challenge. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) recently published a Research Plan on Rehabilitation that provides a set of priorities to guide the field over the next 5 years. The plan was developed with input from multiple Institutes and Centers within the NIH, the National Advisory Board for Medical Rehabilitation Research, and the public...
April 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
Marian H Hettiaratchi, Catherine Chou, Nicholas Servies, Johanna M Smeekens, Albert Cheng, Camden Esancy, Ronghu Wu, Todd C McDevitt, Robert E Guldberg, Laxminarayanan Krishnan
Tissue engineering strategies involving the in vivo delivery of recombinant growth factors are often limited by the inability of biomaterials to spatially control diffusion of the delivered protein within the site of interest. The poor spatiotemporal control provided by porous collagen sponges, which are used for the clinical delivery of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) for bone regeneration, has necessitated the use of supraphysiological protein doses, leading to inflammation and heterotopic ossification...
July 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
Bill G Kapogiannis, Nahida Chakhtoura, Rohan Hazra, Catherine Y Spong
Importance: The Zika virus (ZIKV) epidemic has profoundly affected the lives of children and families across the Americas. As the number of children born with ZIKV-related complications continues to grow, the long-term developmental trajectory for these children and the effect on their families remains largely unknown. In September 2016, the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and partner National Institutes of Health institutes convened a workshop to develop a research agenda to improve the evaluation, monitoring, and management of neonates, infants, or children affected by ZIKV and its complications...
May 1, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
Dominic A Andradi-Brown, Catherine E I Head, Dan A Exton, Christina L Hunt, Alicia Hendrix, Erika Gress, Alex D Rogers
Mesophotic coral ecosystems (MCEs, reefs 30-150 m) are understudied, yet the limited research conducted has been biased towards large sessile taxa, such as scleractinian corals and sponges, or mobile taxa such as fishes. Here we investigate zooplankton communities on shallow reefs and MCEs around Utila on the southern Mesoamerican Barrier Reef using planktonic light traps. Zooplankton samples were sorted into broad taxonomic groups. Our results indicate similar taxonomic zooplankton richness and overall biomass between shallow reefs and MCEs...
2017: PeerJ
Catherine A Bundy, Dong Wu, Mui-Choo Jong, Stephen R Edwards, Ziauddin S Ahammad, David W Graham
Enhanced aerobic/anoxic Downflow Hanging Sponge (DHS) bioreactors were assessed for carbon (C) and total nitrogen (TN) removal for decentralised domestic wastewater treatment applications. The initial design included upper aerobic and lower anoxic sponge layers, and effluent recirculation, and achieved >80% CODs and >90% NH4-N removal. However, effluent TN was higher. It was concluded the anoxic layer was C-limited for denitrification, therefore an influent bypass was added to the anoxic layer to provide supplemental C...
February 2017: Bioresource Technology
Catherine Y Spong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
Catherine Y Spong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
John T Powers, Kaloyan M Tsanov, Daniel S Pearson, Frederik Roels, Catherine S Spina, Richard Ebright, Marc Seligson, Yvanka de Soysa, Patrick Cahan, Jessica Theißen, Ho-Chou Tu, Areum Han, Kyle C Kurek, Grace S LaPier, Jihan K Osborne, Samantha J Ross, Marcella Cesana, James J Collins, Frank Berthold, George Q Daley
Poor prognosis in neuroblastoma is associated with genetic amplification of MYCN. MYCN is itself a target of let-7, a tumour suppressor family of microRNAs implicated in numerous cancers. LIN28B, an inhibitor of let-7 biogenesis, is overexpressed in neuroblastoma and has been reported to regulate MYCN. Here we show, however, that LIN28B is dispensable in MYCN-amplified neuroblastoma cell lines, despite de-repression of let-7. We further demonstrate that MYCN messenger RNA levels in amplified disease are exceptionally high and sufficient to sponge let-7, which reconciles the dispensability of LIN28B...
July 14, 2016: Nature
Catherine Y Spong
A recent outbreak of Zika virus has been linked to fetal abnormalities in pregnant women who have been infected. The scientific community is working toward understanding Zika virus pathogenesis to better manage affected women and children. In an interview with Dr. Catherine Spong, we discuss the aims and challenges of a forthcoming longitudinal study of a cohort of pregnant women in areas of current active Zika virus transmission.
June 6, 2016: BMC Medicine
Thibaud Gruber, Timothée Poisot, Klaus Zuberbühler, William Hoppitt, Catherine Hobaiter
For years, the animal culture debate has been dominated by the puzzling absence of direct evidence for social transmission of behavioral innovations in the flagship species of animal culture, the common chimpanzee. Although social learning of novel behaviors has been documented in captivity, critics argue that these findings lack ecological validity and therefore may not be relevant for understanding the evolution of culture. For the wild, it is possible that group-specific behavioral differences emerge because group members respond individually to unspecified environmental differences, rather than learning from each other...
March 2015: Communicative & Integrative Biology
Diogo Ayres-de-Campos, Catherine Y Spong, Edwin Chandraharan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Alan E Guttmacher, Catherine Y Spong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Vernon Reynolds, Andrew W Lloyd, Christopher J English, Peter Lyons, Howard Dodd, Catherine Hobaiter, Nicholas Newton-Fisher, Caroline Mullins, Noemie Lamon, Anne Marijke Schel, Brittany Fallon
Chimpanzees of the Sonso community, Budongo Forest, Uganda were observed eating clay and drinking clay-water from waterholes. We show that clay, clay-rich water, and clay obtained with leaf sponges, provide a range of minerals in different concentrations. The presence of aluminium in the clay consumed indicates that it takes the form of kaolinite. We discuss the contribution of clay geophagy to the mineral intake of the Sonso chimpanzees and show that clay eaten using leaf sponges is particularly rich in minerals...
2015: PloS One
Catherine Y Spong
Education of providers and patients on the importance of vaginal delivery, for the current pregnancy as well as future pregnancies, is essential to reverse the current trend of primary cesareans. When discussing cesarean with patients, counseling should include the effect on subsequent pregnancy risks including the possibility of uterine rupture and placentation abnormalities. In addition, counseling must include the concept that normal labor takes time. Re-education on the natural process of labor, the importance of allowing the time needed, and patience with the duration of pregnancy and process of labor is essential...
June 2015: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
Catherine Hobaiter, Timothée Poisot, Klaus Zuberbühler, William Hoppitt, Thibaud Gruber
Social network analysis methods have made it possible to test whether novel behaviors in animals spread through individual or social learning. To date, however, social network analysis of wild populations has been limited to static models that cannot precisely reflect the dynamics of learning, for instance, the impact of multiple observations across time. Here, we present a novel dynamic version of network analysis that is capable of capturing temporal aspects of acquisition--that is, how successive observations by an individual influence its acquisition of the novel behavior...
September 2014: PLoS Biology
Amanda L Horton, Yinglei Lai, Dwight J Rouse, Catherine Y Spong, Kenneth J Leveno, Michael W Varner, Brian M Mercer, Jay D Iams, Ronald J Wapner, Yoram Sorokin, John M Thorp, Susan M Ramin, Fergal D Malone, Mary J O'Sullivan, Gary D V Hankins, Steve N Caritis
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate whether magnesium sulfate administration for neuroprotection prolongs latency in women with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) between 24 and 31(6/7) weeks' gestation. STUDY DESIGN: This is a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial of magnesium sulfate for prevention of cerebral palsy. Gravid women with a singleton pregnancy between 24 and 31(6/7) weeks' gestation with PPROM without evidence of labor were randomized to receive magnesium sulfate, administered intravenously as a 6-g bolus followed by a constant infusion of 2 g per hour up to 12 hours, or placebo...
March 2015: American Journal of Perinatology
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