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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909190/pediatric-robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-pyeloplasty-does-age-matter
#1
T Kawal, A K Srinivasan, D Shrivastava, J Van Batavia, D Weiss, C Long, A R Shukla
BACKGROUND: Although shown to be safe in infancy, robotic-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty (RALP) for ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is most commonly performed in older children and adolescents. OBJECTIVE: This study examined a contemporary RALP experience at a single tertiary pediatric center and compared outcomes in infants aged ≤1 year with an older cohort. METHODS AND DESIGN: All RALP procedures were entered into an Institutional Review Board-approved data registry from 2012 to 2016...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908828/the-clinical-significance-of-echo-attenuated-plaque-in-stable-angina-pectoris-compared-with-acute-coronary-syndromes-a-combined-intravascular-ultrasound-and-optical-coherence-tomography-study
#2
Shigeki Kimura, Tomoyo Sugiyama, Keiichi Hishikari, Shun Nakagama, Shun Nakamura, Toru Misawa, Masafumi Mizusawa, Kazuto Hayasaka, Yosuke Yamakami, Yuichiro Sagawa, Keisuke Kojima, Hirofumi Ohtani, Hiroyuki Hikita, Atsushi Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Echo-attenuated plaque (EA) on intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is related to poor outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. However, the clinical significance of EA in stable angina pectoris (SAP) patients compared with that in ACS patients remains unclear. We assessed the relationships between EA and unstable plaque characteristics in patients with ACS and SAP. METHODS: We investigated 609 coronary lesions in 609 patients (234 with ACS; 375 with SAP) undergoing pre-intervention IVUS and optical coherence tomography (OCT)...
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906264/the-syntax-ii-score-predicts-mortality-at-4-years-in-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#3
Sorin J Brener, Venkatesh Alapati, Doris Chan, Akanibo Da-Wariboko, Yousef Kaid, Yevgeniy Latyshev, Amr Moussa, Chockalingham A Narayanan, John P O'Laughlin, Amol Raizada, Gautam Verma, Terrence J Sacchi
BACKGROUND: Short-term outcome after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has improved dramatically, but the association between clinical or angiographic characteristics and long-term outcome remains less well described. The SYNTAX (Synergy Between PCI With TAXUS and Cardiac Surgery) II score has been designed to overcome the limitations of the purely angiographic SYNTAX I score by including clinical parameters and comorbidities. It has not been tested extensively in "real-world" PCI patients, outside of randomized clinical studies...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905362/does-prior-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-influence-the-outcome-of-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-one-size-does-not-fit-all
#4
Giampaolo Niccoli, Rocco A Montone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905095/systematic-review-of-calyceal-diverticulum
#5
Hiroki Ito, Omar Aboumarzouk, Faris Abushamma, Francis Keeley
PURPOSE: We performed a systematic review of the literature regarding the diagnosis and treatment of calyceal diverticulum (CD). METHODS: The search strategy was conducted according to the Cochrane reviews guidelines for systematic reviews and Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) checklist. RESULTS: In total 1189 titles and abstracts were reviewed, of which 101 were selected for manuscript evaluation...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904501/transpsoas-cystolitholapaxy-in-a-pediatric-patient-with-myelomeningocele-augmented-neobladder-and-mitrofanoff-appendicovesicostomy
#6
Spencer Lewis, Rajiv N Srinivasa, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Kate H Kraft, Casey A Dauw, Ravi N Srinivasa
Recurrent urolithiasis is a common and potentially morbid complication of spina bifida. Although the size, the location, and the composition of these stones often necessitates percutaneous intervention, access is often complicated by body habitus and spinal deformity. There is little consensus regarding the approach to percutaneous lithotripsy when a clear path to the collecting system is unavailable, particularly in the setting of surgically augmented urological anatomy. Here we present the first known case in which a pediatric patient with spina bifida underwent percutaneous lithotripsy of bladder stones via a transpsoas approach...
April 2018: Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904459/unusual-presentation-of-spontaneous-coronary-artery-dissection-in-an-older-male
#7
Rajveer Joea, Sarah J Strube, Todd K Zynda
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a variant of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) that is poorly understood. SCAD has been linked to fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD), connective tissue disease (CTD), pregnancy and hormonal imbalance, systemic inflammatory conditions (e.g. IBD, vasculitis), and coronary artery vasospasm rather than traditional cardiac risk factors. Symptomology generally accompanying SCAD is indistinguishable from ACS making the timely recognition and diagnosis vital for prompt treatment...
June 2018: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904448/extended-duration-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-patients-with-peripheral-arterial-disease-a-meta-analysis
#8
Hua Ling, Ebony Andrews, David Ombengi, Fang Li
Background: Patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are at elevated risk of ischemic and bleeding events. However, the optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after PCI in patients with PAD remains unclear. Methods: A systematic literature search was performed through June 2017 using PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane databases with the following key terms: "dual antiplatelet therapy", "P2Y12 inhibitor", "myocardial infarction", "percutaneous coronary intervention", "stent", "peripheral arterial disease", and "ankle-brachial index"...
June 2018: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903936/medicare-accountable-care-organizations-are-not-associated-with-reductions-in-the-use-of-low-value-coronary-revascularization
#9
John M Hollingsworth, Brahmajee K Nallamothu, Phyllis Yan, Sarah Ward, Sunny Lin, Carrie H Colla, Valerie A Lewis, John Z Ayanian, Brent K Hollenbeck, Andrew M Ryan
BACKGROUND: Because specialty care accounts for half of Medicare expenditures, improving its value is critical to the success of Medicare accountable care organizations (ACOs) in curbing spending growth. However, whether ACOs have reduced low-value specialty care without compromising use of high-value services remains unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using national Medicare data, we identified 2 cohorts: beneficiaries for whom the value of coronary revascularization is lower (those with ischemic heart disease without angina, congestive heart failure, or recent admission for acute myocardial infarction) and beneficiaries for whom its value is higher (those with recent acute myocardial infarction admission)...
June 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903731/plasma-ceramides-a-novel-predictor-of-major-adverse-cardiovascular-events-after-coronary-angiography
#10
Jeffrey W Meeusen, Leslie J Donato, Sandra C Bryant, Linnea M Baudhuin, Peter B Berger, Allan S Jaffe
OBJECTIVE: Ceramides are sphingolipids involved with cellular signaling. Synthesis of ceramides occurs in all tissues. Ceramides accumulate within tissues and the blood plasma during metabolic dysfunction, dyslipidemia, and inflammation. Elevations of ceramides are predictive of cardiovascular mortality. We sought to verify the utility of plasma concentrations of 4 ceramides: N-palmitoyl-sphingosine [Cer(16:0)], N-stearoyl-sphingosine [Cer(18:0)], N-nervonoyl-sphingosine [Cer(24:1)], and N-lignoceroyl-sphingosine [Cer(24:0)] in predicting major adverse cardiovascular events in a diverse patient population referred for coronary angiography...
June 14, 2018: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903519/transcatheter-or-surgical-treatment-of-severe-aortic-stenosis-and-coronary-artery-disease-a-comparative-analysis-from-the-italian-observant-study
#11
Marco Barbanti, Sergio Buccheri, Davide Capodanno, Paola D'Errigo, Marco Ranucci, Stefano Rosato, Gennaro Santoro, Danilo Fusco, Corrado Tamburino, Fausto Biancari, Fulvia Seccareccia
BACKGROUND: To assess clinical outcomes of patients with concomitant severe aortic stenosis (AS) and coronary artery disease (CAD) who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: Data were extracted from the multicenter OBSERVANT study. For the purposes of the present analysis, we included only patients with established stable CAD meeting any of the following inclusion criteria: 1) TAVI patients with CAD undergoing staged PCI or TAVI and PCI in the same session; 2) SAVR patients undergoing combined SAVR and CABG in the same session...
June 7, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902958/life-threatening-pancreatitis-in-jehovah-s-witness-patients-with-severe-anemia-treated-without-transfusions-and-by-interventional-radiology-techniques
#12
Patrick Kishi, Eric vanSonnenberg, Misa Stroker
Blood transfusions in anemic patients frequently are used for critically ill patients as a life-saving therapeutic maneuver. Jehovah's Witness (JW) patients typically refuse blood transfusions due to religious beliefs. Numerous clinical reports, in a wide spectrum of medical specialties, have shown no greater morbidity or mortality in JW patients or others who refused transfusions compared to those patients who accept transfusions. We report our experience with two JW patients who presented with severe anemia and life-threatening pancreatitis...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902827/percutaneous-pedicle-lengthening-osteotomy-in-minimal-invasive-spinal-surgery-to-treat-degenerative-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-a-single-center-preliminary-experience
#13
Rosario Maugeri, Luigi Basile, Carlo Gulì, Aurelia Banco, Giovanna Giordano, Antonella Giugno, Francesca Graziano, Roberto Giuseppe Giammalva, Domenico Gerardo Iacopino
BACKGROUND:  Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a narrowing of the spinal canal due to spinal degeneration, and its main clinical symptom is neurogenic claudication. Surgical treatment is pursued for patients who do not improve with conservative care. Patients with symptomatic LSS who also have significant medical comorbidities, although clearly in need of intervention, are unattractive candidates for traditional open lumbar decompressive procedures. Thus it is important to explore minimally invasive surgical techniques to treat select patients with LSS...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902086/use-of-percutaneous-bleomycin-sclerotherapy-for-orbital-lymphatic-malformations
#14
Adam M Hanif, Justin A Saunders, C Matthew Hawkins, Ted H Wojno, Hee Joon Kim
PURPOSE: Bleomycin sclerotherapy has been shown to be a viable treatment for lymphatic malformations. However, its use for these lesions confined to the orbit is becoming increasingly documented in the literature. In this study, we summarize the clinical manifestations and outcomes observed following percutaneous bleomycin sclerotherapy for orbital lymphatic malformation. METHODS: A 5-year retrospective chart review of patients with clinical, radiographic, and/or biopsy-confirmed diagnoses of orbital lymphatic malformation that received bleomycin sclerotherapy was conducted at the Emory Hospital and Clinics...
June 14, 2018: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901624/predictors-and-prognosis-for-incident-in-hospital-heart-failure-in-patients-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-after-first-acute-myocardial-infarction-an-observational-study
#15
Mingzhu Xu, Lihua Yan, Jialiang Xu, Xiangjun Yang, Tingbo Jiang
Patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) complicated by heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) are likely to have more adverse cardiovascular events and higher mortality. The purpose of this study was to examine the predictors and outcomes in AMI patients complicated by HFpEF.We examined the demographics, clinical data, and clinical outcomes in 405 consecutive subjects who firstly presented with AMI after undergoing emergency percutaneous coronary intervention from January 2013 to June 2016...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901609/effect-of-various-danshen-injections-on-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#16
Zehao Zhu, Yuanping Wang, Weilin Liao, Huimin Li, Dawei Wang
BACKGROUND: Patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have a certain risk of vascular complications, including coronary restenosis and thrombosis. Many recent randomized controlled trials have reported that Danshen injection (DSI) combined with conventional Western medicine can significantly reduce the occurrence of major cardiovascular adverse events in patients with CHD after PCI. However, there are many types of DSIs, and no study has yet compared each type...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901448/additional-value-of-three-dimensional-rotational-angiography-in-the-diagnostic-evaluation-and-percutaneous-treatment-of-children-with-univentricular-hearts
#17
Femke van der Stelt, Gregor J Krings, Mirella C Molenschot, Johannes M Breur
AIMS: Complex single ventricle topography, changes in vessel geometry after surgical steps and subsequent stenoses are difficult to visualise with biplane conventional angiography (CA). This study investigated the additional value of three-dimensional rotational angiography (3DRA) compared to CA for diagnostic and interventional purposes in children with univentricular hearts. METHODS AND RESULTS: Demographic data, clinical data and catheterisation details of both imaging techniques were collected retrospectively...
June 12, 2018: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901309/-current-prospects-for-improving-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-internal-stents
#18
A G Martov, D V Ergakov, A B Novikov
Internal drainage of the upper urinary tract by stenting is a common urological procedure. The use of stenting in modern urological practice is on the rise due to widespread adoption of modern endourological, laparoscopic, percutaneous and high-tech robotic interventions. The presence of a stent in the patients body may cause stent-related symptoms and negatively affect the quality of life, resulting in additional outpatient visits and hospitalizations. The review provides an analysis of the causes, diagnostic evaluation, prevention and treatment of stent-related symptoms...
May 2018: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900163/is-decellularized-porcine-small-intestine-sub-mucosa-patch-suitable-for-aortic-arch-repair
#19
Antonio F Corno, Paul Smith, Laurynas Bezuska, Branko Mimic
Introduction: We reviewed our experience with decellularized porcine small intestine sub-mucosa (DPSIS) patch, recently introduced for congenital heart defects. Materials and Methods: Between 10/2011 and 04/2016 a DPSIS patch was used in 51 patients, median age 1.1 months (5 days to 14.5 years), for aortic arch reconstruction (45/51 = 88.2%) or aortic coarctation repair (6/51 = 11.8%). All medical records were retrospectively reviewed, with primary endpoints interventional procedure (balloon dilatation) or surgery (DPSIS patch replacement) due to patch-related complications...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899202/revascularization-vs-medical-therapy-for-coronary-chronic-total-occlusions-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#20
Chung Hun Kim, Jeong Hoon Yang, Taek Kyu Park, Young Bin Song, Joo-Yong Hahn, Jin-Ho Choi, Sang Hoon Lee, Hyeon-Cheol Gwon, Joonghyun Ahn, Keumhee Chough Carriere, Seung-Hyuk Choi
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether the outcome of revascularization differed from the outcome of medical therapy in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and non-CKD patients with chronic total occlusion (CTO).Methods and Results:A total of 2,010 patients with CTO who underwent revascularization (n=1,355), including percutaneous coronary intervention (n=878) and coronary artery bypass grafting (n=477), or had medical therapy alone (n=655) were examined. The primary outcome was all-cause death during follow-up...
June 14, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
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