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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528855/patterns-of-recent-national-institutes-of-health-nih-funding-to-diagnostic-radiology-departments-analysis-using-the-nih-reporter-system
#1
Ana M Franceschi, Andrew B Rosenkrantz
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to characterize recent National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding for diagnostic radiology departments at US medical schools. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study did not use private identifiable information and thus did not constitute human subjects research. The public NIH Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tools Expenditure and Results system was used to extract information regarding 887 NIH awards in 2015 to departments of "Radiation-Diagnostic/Oncology...
May 18, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523452/training-for-leadership-roles-in-academic-medicine-opportunities-for-psychologists-in-the-aamc-lead-program
#2
Donna LaPaglia, Britta Thompson, Janet Hafler, Sheila Chauvin
Psychologists' roles within academic medicine have expanded well beyond research and scholarship. They are active as providers of patient care, medical education, and clinical supervision. Although the number of psychologists in academic health centers continues to grow, they represent a small portion of total medical school faculties. However, with the movement toward collaborative care models, emphasis on interprofessional teams, and increased emphasis on psychological science topics in medical curricula, psychologists are well-positioned to make further contributions...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503660/breast-cancer-downstaging-practices-and-breast-health-messaging-preferences-among-a-community-sample-of-urban-and-rural-ugandan-women
#3
John R Scheel, Yamile Molina, Donald L Patrick, Benjamin O Anderson, Gertrude Nakigudde, Constance D Lehman, Beti Thompson
PURPOSE: Among a community sample of Ugandan women, we provide information about breast cancer downstaging practices (breast self-examination, clinical breast examination [CBE]) and breast health messaging preferences across sociodemographic, health care access, and prior breast cancer exposure factors. METHODS: Convenience-based sampling was conducted to recruit Ugandan women age 25 years and older to assess breast cancer downstaging practices as well as breast health messaging preferences to present early for a CBE in the theoretical scenario of self-detection of a palpable lump (breast health messaging preferences)...
April 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488982/philanthropy-and-beyond-creating-shared-value-to-promote-well-being-for-individuals-in-their-communities
#4
EDITORIAL
Thomas E Kottke, Nico Pronk, Andrew R Zinkel, George J Isham
Health care organizations can magnify the impact of their community service and other philanthropic activities by implementing programs that create shared value. By definition, shared value is created when an initiative generates benefit for the sponsoring organization while also generating societal and community benefit. Because the programs generate benefit for the sponsoring organizations, the magnitude of any particular initiative is limited only by the market for the benefit and not the resources that are available for philanthropy...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484142/efficacy-of-a-training-program-designed-to-help-address-challenges-faced-by-health-promotion-volunteers
#5
Atsuko Taguchi, Hiroshi Murayama, Mihoko Arakawa, Atsushi Terao
Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of a training program designed to address the following three challenges facing health promotion volunteers: lack of new volunteers, short tenure of volunteering, and failure to build a collaborative relationship with other civic organizations.Methods Thirty-eight volunteer leaders representing 36 school districts (one from each district and two additional leaders) from southern parts of Shiga Prefecture participated in the training program. Four training sessions were conducted between July 2012 and January 2013...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483440/have-we-come-as-far-as-we-had-hoped-discrimination-in-the-residency-interview
#6
Kara Hessel, Peter DiPasco, Lyndsey Kilgore, Casey Shelley, Alvin Perry, Jamie Wagner
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to use a pilot survey of fourth-year medical students at our institution to determine if female residency applicants were asked potentially illegal questions regarding family status and childbearing more frequently than male applicants. Secondary objectives included comparing the use of potentially illegal questions in surgical versus nonsurgical specialties and between community and academic residency programs. DESIGN: A 20-item questionnaire was distributed to all fourth-year medical students at the University of Kansas School of Medicine...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470159/-development-and-effects-of-a-children-s-sex-education-program-for-the-parents-of-lower-elementary-grade-students
#7
Eun Mi Lee, Hyunlye Kim
PURPOSE: This study was done to develop a children's sex education program for the parents of lower elementary grade students and to evaluate its effects on sexual knowledge, gender role attitude, parent efficacy for child's sex education, and marital consistency. METHODS: A quasi-experimental with a non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. The participants were 29 couples (58 parents, experimental group=28, control group=30) from G city. The 5-week (5-session) program was developed based on 'A theory of protection: parents as sex educators' and used the case-based small group learning method...
April 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470154/-effects-of-a-strength-based-i-change-smoking-cessation-program-for-smoking-middle-school-boys
#8
Jung Hee Kim, Yeon Hee Choi
PURPOSE: This study was done to develop a strength based I-change smoking cessation program for middle school boys and identified its effects. METHODS: The study design was a nonequivalent control group pre-post test design. The participants were 97 middle school students from D city, who were in school from April 6 to September 25, 2015. The experimental group participated in the strength based I-change smoking cessation program, while the comparative group participated in a general smoking cessation program...
April 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465649/establishing-a-multicenter-longitudinal-clinical-cohort-study-in-ethiopia-advanced-clinical-monitoring-of-antiretroviral-treatment-project
#9
Alula M Teklu, Eyuel Tsegaye, Daniel Fekade, Abraham Hailemelak, William Weiss, Elham Hassen, Nicole Simmons, Solomon Zewdu, Yifru Berhan, Assefa Getachew, Tesfalem Hagos, Achamyeleh Alebachew, Melake Damena, Yohannes Sitotaw, Yibeltal Assefa, Girmay Medhin, Andrea Ruff
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this paper is to describe the establishment of the Advanced Clinical Monitoring of ART Project in Ethiopia for monitoring and evaluation of the longitudinal effectiveness of the ART program and to show the opportunities it presents. This cohort was established in response to the 2005 call by WHO for establishing additional mechanisms for stronger monitoring of ART and the need for creating the platform to generate evidence to guide the care given for the ever increasing number of patients on ART in Ethiopia...
February 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464267/rural-medicine-realities-the-impact-of-immersion-on-urban-based-medical-students
#10
Allison M Crump, Karie Jeter, Samantha Mullins, Amber Shadoan, Craig Ziegler, William J Crump
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to determine what effect a rural-based 8-week surgical clerkship during the third year of medical school in a rural setting has on students' opinions about rural living and practice. METHODS: Thirty-three third-year medical students completed a rural health opinion survey at the beginning and end of their 8-week rural rotation and a survey measuring their interest in rural practice after the rotation. The setting was a rural hospital with an average acute care census of 100 that is a regional referral center for 5 rural counties...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462880/effect-of-a-bereavement-support-group-on-female-adolescents-psychological-health-a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-south-africa
#11
Tonya Renee Thurman, Brian G Luckett, Johanna Nice, Alexandra Spyrelis, Tory M Taylor
BACKGROUND: Bereavement increases children's risk for psychological disorders, highlighting the need for effective interventions, especially in areas where orphanhood is common. We aimed to assess the effects of an eight-session support group intervention on the psychological health of bereaved female adolescents in South Africa. METHODS: This randomised controlled trial enrolled female adolescents at 11 schools in three peri-urban towns of Free State province, South Africa...
April 24, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459472/preparing-physicians-for-rural-based-primary-care-practice-a-preliminary-evaluation-of-rural-training-initiatives-at-osu-com
#12
Denna L Wheeler, Jeffrey B Hackler
The physician shortage in Oklahoma coupled with geographic maldistribution of primary care physicians limits access to care in rural and underserved areas. One of the most effective strategies to recruit and retain physicians in rural areas is to create undergraduate and graduate medical education training sites in these locations. Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences College of Osteopathic Medicine has implemented a rural training program that begins with early recruitment of rural high school students, introduces medical students to rural practice options through rural clinical training opportunities, and provides opportunities to remain in rural Oklahoma for residency training through ongoing graduate medical education development...
May 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443345/engaging-school-mental-health-professionals-to-deliver-evidence-based-interventions-to-hispanic-families
#13
Maria I Tapia, Manuel A Ocasio, Yannine Estrada, Hilda Pantin, Guillermo Prado
Research has demonstrated that a number of evidence-based programs can be effectively implemented in different community settings, such as schools, to target Hispanic youth and their families; however, successful implementation of such programs represents a challenge for practitioners. This article describes experiences and strategies associated with recruiting, training, and supervising school mental health professionals in the school-based implementation of an evidence-based, family-centered prevention program for Hispanic families...
April 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443257/influence-of-the-202-a-c-insulin-like-growth-factor-binding-protein-3-promoter-polymorphism-on-individual-variation-in-height-in-korean-girls
#14
Min Ju Yi, Tae Young Park, Il Tae Hwang, Seung Yang
PURPOSE: The most common single nucleotide polymorphism in the IGFBP3 promoter region occurs at position -202. This polymorphic variation occurs frequently and may influence growth hormone responsiveness and somatic growth. However, the effects of IGFBP3 promoter polymorphism on growth in children are unknown. METHODS: Restriction fragment length polymorphism-based genotyping of the -202 single nucleotide polymorphism was performed in 146 Korean girls aged between 15 and 16 years, who were selected randomly from the Seoul School Health Promotion Center...
March 2017: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440719/a-case-based-medical-curriculum-for-the-21st-century-the-use-of-innovative-approaches-in-designing-and-developing-a-case-on-mental-health
#15
Athanasios Hassoulas, Elizabeth Forty, Mathew Hoskins, James Walters, Stephen Riley
The introduction of case-based learning (CBL) by the School of Medicine at Cardiff University has encouraged innovation in medical teaching and learning. During years one and two of the modernized MBBCh program, students complete 17 cases as part of the newly developed C21 curriculum that emphasizes a patient-oriented and student-centered approach to learning. The mental health case, which is presented in year 2, incorporates a number of novel teaching resources that aim to enhance the students' learning experience and to further reinforce the patient-oriented and community-based philosophy of C21...
May 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403665/oregon-school-based-health-centers-and-sexual-and-contraceptive-behaviors-among-adolescents
#16
Melina Bersamin, Mallie J Paschall, Deborah A Fisher
This study investigated the association between school-based health centers (SBHCs) and sexual behavior and contraceptive use among 11th graders. The sample included 134 high schools (27 schools with SBHCs) and 11,840 students who participated in the 2015 Oregon Healthy Teens Survey. Multilevel logistic regressions found positive associations between SBHC presence and healthy sexual behavior ( OR = 1.23, p < .05) and contraceptive use ( OR = 1.31, p < .01). Associations were stronger at schools with at least 50% of students receiving free or reduced price lunch...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395400/an-opposing-view-on-including-high-school-students-in-a-latent-tuberculosis-infection-control-program-in-korea
#17
Jong-Myon Bae
The Korea Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention (KCDC) has announced a control program against latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection (LTBI), for a "TB-safe country" this year with the goal of a "TB-free Korea" by 2025. The program includes high school students as one target group; however, some school health teachers and parents have expressed their opposition to this. The 2015 World Health Organization guidelines do not recommend inclusion of asymptomatic high school students in LTBI control programs...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392599/a-call-to-promote-healthcare-justice-a-summary-of-integrated-outpatient-clinics-exemplifying-principles-of-catholic-social-teaching
#18
Nicole P Waters, Trenton Schmale, Allison Goetz, Jason T Eberl, Jessica H Wells
There is an urgent need to promote healthcare justice for patients as well as members of the healthcare team including physicians. In this article, we explain how principles of Catholic social teaching (i.e., dignity of the individual, common good, destination of goods, solidarity, and subsidiarity) are applied to health care, by featuring various types of outpatient clinics including free, charitable-direct primary care, hybrid, federally qualified health center, and rural health clinic. We describe how attempts have been made to improve the quality and access of health care by creating new medical schools (i...
February 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374212/bridging-the-divide-building-infrastructure-to-support-community-academic-partnerships-and-improve-capacity-to-conduct-patient-centered-outcomes-research
#19
Jennifer Huang, Paula Darby Lipman, C Daniel Mullins
For research to be useful, trustworthy, and ultimately lead to greater dissemination of findings to patients and communities, it is important to train and mentor academic researchers to meaningfully engage community members in patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR). Thus, it is necessary for research institutions to strengthen their underlying infrastructure to support PCOR. PATIENTS-PATient-centered Involvement in Evaluating effectiveNess of TreatmentS-at the University of Maryland, Baltimore, focuses on improving PCOR methods and addressing health disparities...
April 3, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373343/school-based-health-centers-a-funder-s-view-of-effective-grant-making
#20
Susan M Sprigg, Francie Wolgin, Jennifer Chubinski, Kathryn Keller
Health status and academic achievement have been found to be linked: When students have poor health status, they are at increased risk for poor academic outcomes. The school-based health center is a delivery model that supports improved access to health care, as well as healthy behaviors and outcomes, for students. Interact for Health is a private foundation that has provided funding to open school-based health centers in the Greater Cincinnati, Ohio, area since 1999. This article outlines grant-making strategies and effective policies that the foundation has identified as most conducive to creating sustainable school-based health centers...
April 1, 2017: Health Affairs
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