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School Based Health Center

Melissa H Bellin, Angelica Newsome, Cassie Lewis-Land, Joan Kub, Shawna S Mudd, Rachel Margolis, Arlene M Butz
INTRODUCTION: Low-income caregiver perspectives on asthma management are understudied but may illuminate strategies to improve care delivery and child outcomes. METHOD: Purposive sampling methods were used to recruit 15 caregivers of children with frequent asthma emergency department visits. Interviews explored how poverty and stress affect asthma management. Grounded theory coding techniques were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: Participants were the biological mother (100%) and were poor (75% had mean annual income ≤ $30,000)...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Sebastian T Tong, Camille J Hochheimer, Wendy B Barr, Matteo Leveroni-Calvi, Nicholas M Lefevre, Jordyn T Wallenborn, Lars E Peterson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prior research found that 24% of graduating family medicine residents intend to provide obstetrical deliveries, but only 9% of family physicians 1 to 10 years into practice are doing so. Our study aims to describe the individual and residency program characteristics associated with intention to provide obstetrical deliveries and prenatal care. METHODS: Cross-sectional data on 2014-2016 graduating residents were obtained from the American Board of Family Medicine certification examination demographic questionnaire that asked about intended provision of specific clinical activities...
March 8, 2018: Family Medicine
Viktor Riklefs, Gulmira Abakassova, Aliya Bukeyeva, Sholpan Kaliyeva, Bakhtiyar Serik, Alma Muratova, Raushan Dosmagambetova
BACKGROUND: Medical education in Kazakhstan has been literally transformed in the past 10 years. Kazakhstan inherited the Soviet-time discipline-based teacher-centered system of education when no decisions could be made independently. The curriculum was mostly governed in a traditional way, with lectures being the core, little use of e-learning tools, and assessment through oral exams and multiple-choice questions. Most of the universities still preserve the subject-based curriculum with elements of integrated learning...
March 11, 2018: Medical Teacher
Allison Kempe, Mandy A Allison, Matthew F Daley
School-local vaccination (SLV) has been a highly effective method of increasing rates of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination in many countries internationally in which vaccines are purchased by national, regional, or local public health authorities and offered free of charge within schools. However, the effectiveness of SLV for increasing HPV vaccination rates in the United States is likely to be substantially limited due to a number of identified barriers, the most significant of which is with the need to bill for vaccines among adolescents not covered under the Vaccines for Children Program...
March 2018: Academic Pediatrics
Donald L Chi, Peter Milgrom, Jane Gillette
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to use qualitative methods to describe the key lessons learned during the stakeholder engagement stage of planning a randomized clinical trial comparing outcomes of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) as an alternative to pit-and-fissure sealants in a school-based delivery system. Methods: Eighteen caregivers and community-based stakeholders with involvement in the school-based sealant program Sealants for Smiles from the state of Montana, were recruited for this qualitative study...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
Marcos Antonio Ferreira do Nascimento, Anna Paula Uziel, Jimena de Garay Hernández
This article presents results for young men's health based on an intervention-study on gender, sexuality, and health of adolescents and young men in conflict with the law, deprived of their freedom, and subject to socio-educational confinement in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The themes addressed included questions on overall health, mental health, and sexual and reproductive health, analyzed from a relational gender perspective and social construction of masculinities. The majority of these young men are black, from low-income communities, with low schooling levels, and ranging in age from 14 to 21 years of age; some of them are fathers...
February 19, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
George C Mejicano, Tracy N Bumsted
Oregon Health & Science University School of Medicine launched a completely new undergraduate medical education curriculum in 2014. This initiative dramatically transformed the MD degree program, changing the instructional content taught, the pedagogical methods used by the faculty, and the methods of assessment, and it added new elements such as academic coaching and programmatic entrustment to the program. One of the most exciting and impactful aspects to date of this curricular transformation has been the deliberate implementation of a competency-based framework that incorporates frequent assessment, tracking of student progression using an electronic portfolio, and academic coaching to optimize learning and customize curricular elements for each student...
March 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Andrea C Gielen, Shannon Frattaroli, Keshia M Pollack, Corinne Peek-Asa, Jingzhen G Yang
BACKGROUND: In the decades since the landmark report-America Burning-was published in 1973, the number of home fire deaths has shrunk from >5500 per year to 2650 in 2015. This paper: (1) describes how science and practice in injury prevention and fire and life safety contributed to successful interventions, and (2) identifies emerging strategies and future opportunities to prevent home fire-related deaths. METHODS: The aims are addressed through the lens of population health research, with a focus on the work of selected Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-funded Injury Control Research Centers...
February 26, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
Sarah A Sliwa, Nancy D Brener, Elizabeth A Lundeen, Sarah M Lee
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that schools adopt 10 safeguards before launching a body mass index (BMI) screening program; however, little is known about schools' safeguard adoption. Authors identified questions from the 2014 School Health Policies and Practices Study that aligned with 4 of the 10 safeguards to estimate safeguard prevalence among schools that screened students for BMI (40.7%, N = 223). Among these schools, 3.1% had all four safeguards and 56.5% had none or one. The most prevalent safeguard was having reliable and accurate equipment (54...
January 1, 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
Valderiza Lourenço Pedrosa, Luiz Claudio Dias, Enrique Galban, André Leturiondo, Jamile Palheta, Monica Santos, Milton Ozório Moraes, Carolina Talhari
BACKGROUND: The high rate of leprosy cases among children under 15 years of age in Brazil indicates ongoing transmission within the community. The identification of the new leprosy cases among contacts can help identify the source of infection and interrupt the transmission chain. This study aims to determine the detection rate of previously undiagnosed cases of leprosy among schoolchildren who are under 15 years of age living in Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil, and their possible source of infection by contact tracing...
February 26, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Leul Kidane, Sileshi Nemomissa, Tamrat Bekele
BACKGROUND: Traditional management regimes and knowledge systems of forest resources have shaped forests throughout the world where materials from individual species are harvested in a sustainable manner. To comprehend this, the vegetation of Hugumburda-Gratkhassu Forest was described and related to anthropogenic factors. METHODS: Three ethnobotanical research methods were used to collect indigenous knowledge of the local inhabitants related to conservation and utilization of forest resources...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Tara Trudnak Fowler, Gregory Matthews, Cydny Black, Hendi Crosby Kowal, Pamella Vodicka, Elizabeth Edgerton
Objectives In 2011, the Maternal and Child Health Bureau, within the Health Resources and Services Administration, awarded a 4-year grant to increase access to and assure the delivery of quality oral health preventive and restorative services to children. The grant was awarded to organizations serving high-need communities through school-based health centers (SBHCs). This article describes an independent evaluation investigating program efficacy, integration, and sustainability. Methods Program process and outcomes data were gathered from interim and final reports...
February 16, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
P Kay Nottingham Chaplin, Kira Baldonado, Geoffrey E Bradford, Susan Cotter, Bruce Moore
Current evidence-based and best practice vision screening and eye health approaches, tools, and procedures are the result of revised national guidelines in the past 3 years and advances in research during the last 16 years. To help the busy school nurse with little time to keep up with changes in children's vision practices and a growing body of literature, the National Center for Children's Vision and Eye Health at Prevent Blindness is providing answers to 20 questions received most often from the field. Question topics are: (1) arranging the screening environment, (2) occluders to cover the eyes during vision screening, (3) optotype-based screening at distance, (4) optotype-based screening at near, (5) instrument-based screening, (6) muscle imbalance screening, (7) referrals, and (8) vision screening certification...
March 2018: NASN School Nurse
Hillary Klonoff-Cohen, Ana Navarro, Elizabeth A Klonoff
OBJECTIVES: Every day 43 children are newly diagnosed with cancer. Fortunately, almost 90% of these childhood cancer patients will survive. However, 60-90% of these survivors will experience late effects, health problems that occur months or years after treatment has ended. Late effects could occur as a result of the disease, its treatment, and patient-related factors. The two main objectives of this research are to: 1) Examine the existence of all web-based resources for childhood cancer survivors with acute lymphocytic leukemia which focus on medical and psychological aspects of late effects, and 2) Create an innovative website specifically designed to fill this void...
2018: PloS One
J P Montgomery, P Ganguly, B F Carlson, N Shrivastwa, M L Boulton
Background: Immunizations are considered the most successful and cost-effective public health interventions employed today. While immunization coverage in India has improved dramatically in the last decade, areas of very low coverage persist. The University of Michigan School of Public Health and the Indian Institute of Public Health Gandhinagar collaborated to document strengths and weaknesses of immunization service delivery in two districts in India. Methods: This report describes a qualitative assessment of clinic level immunization service delivery in ten primary health centers (PHCs) located in two districts of Gujarat, India...
2018: Global Health Research and Policy
Hatice S Zahran, Cathy M Bailey, Scott A Damon, Paul L Garbe, Patrick N Breysse
BACKGROUND: Asthma is the most common chronic lung disease of childhood, affecting approximately 6 million children in the United States. Although asthma cannot be cured, most of the time, asthma symptoms can be controlled by avoiding or reducing exposure to asthma triggers (allergens and irritants) and by following recommendations for asthma education and appropriate medical care. METHODS: CDC analyzed asthma data from the 2001-2016 National Health Interview Survey for children aged 0-17 years to examine trends and demographic differences in health outcomes and health care use...
February 9, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Rogério Lima Barbosa, Sílvia Portugal
Based on the question of an inspiring work - "Is the Market good for one's Health?", this paper poses a similar question, centered on "associativism" (belonging to a labor group or association) and the field of rare diseases. Starting from the research carried out in the scope of the Master's Degree in Sociology of the School of Economics of the University of Coimbra, this text puts into perspective the formulations created for the field of genetic conditions that, mainly, depart from a Eurocentric vision. The field of rare diseases is analyzed, identifying the roles, relationships and motivations of the different actors, namely, civil associations, pharmaceutical industry, academy, government, and families...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Jiyoung Park
In this study, we investigated the ecological factors that influence health-promoting behaviors in children from low-income families in South Korea using a descriptive correlational design. The participants included 297 elementary school students who used community childcare centers, 297 caregivers, and 68 teachers at the centers. Data were collected using a structured self-report survey, and were subjected to a multi-level regression analysis. The factors influencing the health-promoting behaviors of children were as follows: self-efficacy and self-regulation as intrapersonal factors; caregivers' parenting behavior and peer relationships as interpersonal factors; and the number of months since the centers' establishment, teachers workloads, and centers' perceived environments as institutional factors...
February 5, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Tayebe Ziaei, Maryam Ghanbari Gorji, Naser Behnampour, Masumeh Rezaei Aval
Background Sex dialogue is one of the most critical and challenging topics between mothers and adolescents. The knowledge and skills of mothers in sex dialogue with their daughters are essential. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of group counseling based on communication skills on mothers through their sex dialogue with their daughters. Methods A randomized controlled field trial was conducted on 168 couples of mothers and their daughters selected by the stratified matching method and randomly divided into two control and intervention groups...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Dina S Itum, Sarah C Oltmann, Michael A Choti, Hannah G Piper
BACKGROUND: Parental leave is linked to health benefits for both child and parent. It is unclear whether surgeons at academic centers have access to paid parental leave. The aim of this study was to determine parental leave policies at the top academic medical centers in the United States to identify trends among institutions. METHODS: The top academic medical centers were identified (US News & World Report 2016). Institutional websites were reviewed, or human resource departments were contacted to determine parental leave policies...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
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