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School Based Health Center

An De Meester, David Stodden, Ali Brian, Larissa True, Greet Cardon, Isabel Tallir, Leen Haerens
BACKGROUND: Positive associations between motor competence and physical activity have been identified by means of variable-centered analyses. To expand the understanding of these associations, this study used a person-centered approach to investigate whether different combinations (i.e., profiles) of actual and perceived motor competence exist (aim 1); and to examine differences in physical activity levels (aim 2) and weight status (aim 3) among children with different motor competence-based profiles...
2016: PloS One
Jean Christophe Rusatira, Brian Tomaszewski, Vincent Dusabejambo, Vincent Ndayiragije, Snedden Gonsalves, Aishwarya Sawant, Angeline Mumararungu, George Gasana, Etienne Amendezo, Anne Haake, Leon Mutesa
BACKGROUND: Lack of access to health and medical education resources for doctors in the developing world is a serious global health problem. In Rwanda, with a population of 11 million, there is only one medical school, hence a shortage in well-trained medical staff. The growth of interactive health technologies has played a role in the improvement of health care in developed countries and has offered alternative ways to offer continuous medical education while improving patient's care...
June 1, 2016: JMIR Med Educ
Robert Li Kitts, Kyle John Koleoglou, Jennifer Elysia Holland, Eliza Haapaniemi Hutchinson, Quincy Georgdie Nang, Clare Marie Mehta, Chau Minh Tran, Laurie Newman Fishman
BACKGROUND: Research assistants (RAs) are hired at academic centers to staff the research and quality improvement projects that advance evidence-based medical practice. Considered a transient population, these young professionals may view their positions as stepping-stones along their path to graduate programs in medicine or public health. OBJECTIVE: To address the needs of these future health professionals, a novel program-Program for Research Assistant Development and Achievement (PRADA)-was developed to facilitate the development of desirable professional skill sets (ie, leadership, teamwork, communication) through participation in peer-driven service and advocacy initiatives directed toward the hospital and surrounding communities...
November 2, 2015: JMIR Med Educ
Catherine Diamond, Nicholas Freudenberg
Community schools link students, families, and communities to educate children and strengthen neighborhoods. They have become a popular model for education in many US cities in part because they build on community assets and address multiple determinants of educational disadvantage. Since community schools seek to have an impact on populations, not just the children enrolled, they provide an opportunity to improve community health. Community schools influence the health and education of neighborhood residents though three pathways: building trust, establishing norms, and linking people to networks and services...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Laura Widman, Carol E Golin, Seth M Noar, Joy Massey, Mitchell J Prinstein
This article describes the development of , an interactive web-based program designed to improve sexual communication skills and reduce the risk of HIV/STDs among adolescent girls, a population at heightened risk for negative sexual health outcomes (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013). Although sexual communication is a critical predictor of safer sex among teens, there are few online interventions that target these skills as a central program component. We developed ProjectHeartforGirls...
October 2016: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
Melanie Gleason, Lisa Cicutto, Christy Haas-Howard, Bridget M Raleigh, Stanley J Szefler
Asthma is one of the most common illnesses of school-aged children and can lead to both health and educational disparities. Children from low socioeconomic backgrounds and racial/ethnic minorities suffer the greatest impact. They often lack the asthma self-management skills to successfully monitor, navigate, and negotiate appropriate asthma care. School settings are a strategic point of contact for this additional support. School nurses can monitor for signs of asthma worsening, manage symptoms, provide care coordination, and reinforce self-management skills...
October 2016: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
Rachel Carpino, Mary P Walker, Ying Liu, Melanie Simmer-Beck
This program evaluation examines the effectiveness of a school-based dental clinic. A repeated-measures design was used to longitudinally examine secondary data from participants (N = 293). Encounter intensity was developed to normalize data. Multivariate analysis of variance and Kruskal-Wallis test were used to investigate the effect of encounter intensity on the change in decay, restorations, and treatment urgency. A Pearson's correlation was used to measure the strengths of association. Encounter intensity had a statistically significant effect on change in decay (p = ...
October 2, 2016: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
Wineke Armbrust, G J F Joyce Bos, Nico M Wulffraat, Marco van Brussel, Jeannette Cappon, Pieter U Dijkstra, Jan H B Geertzen, G Elizabeth Legger, Marion A J van Rossum, Pieter J J Sauer, Otto T H M Lelieveld
Objective To determine the effects of Rheumates@work, an internet-based program supplemented with four group sessions, aimed at improving physical activity (PA), exercise capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and participation in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Methods Patients were recruited from three pediatric rheumatology centers in the Netherlands for an observer blinded, randomized controlled, multicenter trial. PA level, time spend in rest, light, and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) were recorded in a diary and with an accelerometer, before intervention, after intervention, and at follow-up after 3 and 12 months (intervention group only)...
October 1, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
Laurie Miller Brotman, Spring Dawson-McClure, Dimitra Kamboukos, Keng-Yen Huang, Esther J Calzada, Keith Goldfeld, Eva Petkova
Importance: Low-income minority children living in urban neighborhoods are at high risk for mental health problems and underachievement. ParentCorps, a family-centered, school-based intervention in prekindergarten, improves parenting and school readiness (ie, self-regulation and preacademic skills) in 2 randomized clinical trials. The longer-term effect on child mental health and academic performance is not known. Objective: To examine whether ParentCorps delivered as an enhancement to prekindergarten programs in high-poverty urban schools leads to fewer mental health problems and increased academic performance in the early elementary school years...
October 3, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
Melina M Bersamin, Deborah A Fisher, Andrew J Gaidus, Paul J Gruenewald
INTRODUCTION: School-based health centers (SBHCs) offer an efficient mechanism for delivering health services to large numbers of underserved youth; however, their availability varies across communities. Data on sociocontextual variables were analyzed to investigate factors that inhibit and facilitate SBHCs. METHODS: Secondary data from 2012 to 2015 state databases were linked to examine the association between SBHCs' presence in California high schools and demand, resource, and political conservatism at the school and community levels that may influence where SBHCs are located and the number of provided health services...
September 27, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Karen McKoy, Nina M Antoniotti, April Armstrong, Rashid Bashshur, Jordana Bernard, Daniel Bernstein, Anne Burdick, Karen Edison, Mark Goldyne, Carrie Kovarik, Elizabeth A Krupinski, Joseph Kvedar, Jim Larkey, Ivy Lee-Keltner, Jules B Lipoff, Dennis H Oh, Hon Pak, Mark P Seraly, Daniel Siegel, Trilokraj Tejasvi, John Whited
Previous American Telemedicine Association (ATA) Teledermatology Practice Guidelines were issued in 2007. This updated version reflects new knowledge in the field, new technologies, and the need to incorporate teledermatology practice in a variety of settings, including hospitals, urgent care centers, Federally Qualified Health Centers, school-based clinics, public health facilities, and patient homes.
September 30, 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Louise E Curley, Maureen McDonald, Trudi Aspden
BACKGROUND: Providing patient-centred care requires pharmacy students to learn how to interact effectively and understand individual differences that can influence patients' health. The School of Pharmacy at The University of Auckland, New Zealand (NZ), developed a virtual teaching platform, called NZ Pharmville, which consisted of twenty-one community-based patients who are members of six families; each family had a video vignette associated with it. Bachelor of Pharmacy (BPharm) students, enrolled in the third year pharmacy practice course, were able to view these recorded vignettes as part of their weekly pre-laboratory work for the course...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
Yibing Tan, Xiaolan Liao, Haihao Su, Chun Li, Jiagen Xiang, Zhaoyang Dong
OBJECTIVE: This study had 2 aims. First, we evaluated the current levels of disaster preparedness among university students in southern China. Second, we assessed students' demands for future disaster education. In addition, we examined the influence of demographic factors on current disaster preparedness status and demand. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used. The data were collected from 1893 students in 10 universities in the Guangzhou Higher Education Mega (GHEM) center...
September 26, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Björn Wettergren, Margareta Blennow, Anders Hjern, Olle Söder, Jonas F Ludvigsson
On a national level, several factors are responsible for Sweden's leading position in achieving the excellent health of children because Sweden has experienced a long history of peace and success in establishing a parliamentary democracy throughout the 20th century. Among the different sectors of society, Sweden has been able to focus on prevention and health promotion. The Swedish health care system is publicly financed based on local taxation. Pediatricians working in secondary and tertiary care are employed by the public sector, whereas family physicians are employed by both the private and public sectors...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Delenya Allen, Harolyn M E Belcher, Allen Young, Lillian Williams Gibson, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Maria Trent
IMPORTANCE: While urban African American adolescents face significant health disparities associated with overweight and obesity that follow them into adulthood; there is limited data on body image, emotional well-being, and weight control behaviors in this population to design effective public health interventions. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to understand the association of weight status to adolescent weight control, body image, and emotional well-being responses, in African American high school students...
2016: International Journal of Child Health and Nutrition
Duangta Pawa, Chitlada Areesantichai
BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) in Thailand reported unsafe injection practices resulting in injection-related health consequences. Harm reduction self-efficacy plays an important role and could be improved to reduce harm associated with injecting drugs. Evidence-based interventions targeting PWID are needed. This study sought to evaluate the effectiveness of the behavior change intervention within the PWID population. METHODS: The behavior change intervention, Triple-S, was designed to improve harm reduction self-efficacy among PWID...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Tufan Nayir, Ersin Uskun, Mustafa Volkan Yürekli, Hacer Devran, Ayşe Çelik, Ramazan Azim Okyay
Body image (BI) can be described as the assessment of both positive and negative emotion for one's own body parts and their characteristics by himself or herself. Current research has concentrated mostly on the status of negative BI as a risk factor for mental health problems rather than as a public health problem, thereby little is known about the effects of BI on quality of life. Thus, the purpose of this study was to assess the BI and Quality of Life (QoL) of individuals and to investigate the relationship between the two...
2016: PloS One
Ali Emadzadeh, Hossein Karimi Moonaghi, Mojtaba Mousavi Bazzaz, Sharareh Karimi
INTRODUCTION: Experts consider social accountability as a new paradigm in medical education and a cultural change that is necessary to be studied and understood more deeply. One of the problems of medical education is the inadequacy of medicine graduates to meet the social accountability. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the general medicine curriculum for social accountability. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on three groups of experts, faculty members, and general physicians working in health centers in Mashhad in 2014...
July 2016: Electronic Physician
Francisco Soto Mas, Andrew L Sussman
There is a scarcity of qualitative studies on school-based health centers (SBHCs). We established two primary aims for this study: (a) to assess stakeholders' perceptions of Elev8 New Mexico SBHCs' functionality and (b) to provide a snapshot of the overall contribution of the program to the schools and communities they serve. We collected the data through observations and semistructured interviews. We identified issues that diminish the functionality of SBHCs, such as limited infrastructure and services, lack of cooperation between school personnel and health care providers, and lack of long-term financial sustainability...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Aneela N Hussain, Abdullah Alkhenizan, Patricia McWalter, Nusrat Qazi, Amal Alshmassi, Samina Farooqi, Ahmed Abdulkarim
BACKGROUND: Rising incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and cervical cancer can be reduced by effective vaccination. Saudi Food and Drug Administration approved prophylactic HPV vaccine in 2010 for females of 11-26 years. OBJECTIVES: To determine the awareness of HPV infection, its health sequel and the attitude and barriers to the acceptance of HPV vaccine by young women in Saudi Arabia. Dynamics influencing the decision of patients and parents regarding vaccination were assessed to foster effective and strategically focused interventions...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
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