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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757000/adolescent-nocturnal-fears-a-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-fear-of-sleep-inventory-fosi
#1
Tyish S Hall Brown, E'leyna Garcia, Ameenat Akeeb, Angelique C Lynch-Jiles, Davene White, Michal Young
OBJECTIVE: Nocturnal fears are associated with trauma-related sleep disturbance in adults, yet research is limited addressing this relationship in adolescents. This study evaluated the validity of the Fear of Sleep Inventory (FoSI) as a measure of nocturnal fears broadly and in relation to trauma exposure in adolescents. PARTICIPANTS: Students ages 14-18 from two urban school-based health centers were the participants. METHODS: De-identified clinical data were utilized from a mental health screening battery...
May 14, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755057/processes-and-outcomes-of-a-community-based-participatory-research-driven-health-needs-assessment-a-tool-for-moving-health-disparity-reporting-to-evidence-based-action
#2
Tabia Henry Akintobi, Elise Lockamy, Lisa Goodin, Natalie D Hernandez, Tanesha Slocumb, Daniel Blumenthal, Ronald Braithwaite, Larry Leeks, Micah Rowland, Thomas Cotton, LaShawn Hoffman
BACKGROUND: The community-based participatory research (CBPR)-driven health needs assessment was a tool used to inform community-led, -implemented, and -sustained research and prevention strategies. METHODS: The Morehouse School of Medicine Prevention Research Center (MSM PRC) research and prevention initiatives are implemented in direct response to priorities identified through this process and tool. Led by a community-majority coalition board, the assessment coupled state and city secondary data with primary survey data collected by and from community residents...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743090/effectiveness-of-a-multi-level-implementation-strategy-for-asd-interventions-study-protocol-for-two-linked-cluster-randomized-trials
#3
Lauren Brookman-Frazee, Aubyn C Stahmer
BACKGROUND: The Centers for Disease Control (2018) estimates that 1 in 59 children has autism spectrum disorder, and the annual cost of ASD in the U.S. is estimated to be $236 billion. Evidence-based interventions have been developed and demonstrate effectiveness in improving child outcomes. However, research on generalizable methods to scale up these practices in the multiple service systems caring for these children has been limited and is critical to meet this growing public health need...
May 9, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722589/evidence-based-pediatric-asthma-interventions-and-outcome-measures-in-a-healthy-homes-program-an-integrative-review
#4
Jeannie K Giese
OBJECTIVE: Asthma disproportionately impacts and has poorer outcomes in low-income, minority, and inner-city children. The home environment has a profound impact on a child's asthma. Home-based asthma visits have the potential to positively impact a child's asthma, especially in targeted populations. The purpose of this integrative review is 1.) to explore the effectiveness of home-based education and environmental measures and 2.) to explore specific indicators and tools to measure pediatric asthma control and program effectiveness...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710354/faculty-vitality-in-osteopathic-medical-schools-a-pilot-study
#5
Adrienne Z Ables, Liang Shan, India L Broyles
Context: Faculty vitality is defined as the synergy between high levels of satisfaction, productivity, and engagement that enables faculty members to maximize their professional success and achieve goals in concert with institutional goals. Many studies have examined faculty development efforts with regard to satisfaction, retention, or vitality, but, to the authors' knowledge, they have all been conducted in allopathic medical schools and academic health centers. Objective: To examine faculty vitality in osteopathic medical schools and address contributors to productivity, engagement, and career satisfaction...
May 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708490/audiology-assistants-results-of-a-multicenter-survey
#6
Roanne Karzon, Lisa Hunter, Wendy Steuerwald
BACKGROUND: Although audiologists have been using support personnel for over 45 yr, controversy and variability continue with respect to the entry-level education, training methods, and scope of practice. PURPOSE: As part of a larger clinical practices survey, this report focuses on use of audiology assistants (AAs) for pediatric settings and "life-span" facilities that had a significant population of pediatric patients. RESEARCH DESIGN: A questionnaire was sent to 116 facilities in geographically diverse locations...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706273/assessment-of-a-simulated-contraceptive-prescribing-activity-for-pharmacy-students
#7
Sarah E Lynch, Brooke L Griffin, Kathleen M Vest
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The role of the pharmacist has been shifting rapidly. One example of change is the passage of legislation allowing pharmacists to independently initiate self-administered hormonal contraceptives in several states. There is no evidence of this specific topic being covered in pharmacy school curricula, and many states are requiring additional post-graduate training. This activity was designed to determine the utility of a contraceptive prescribing simulation activity for pharmacy students...
February 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694796/chlamydia-retesting-among-safety-net-clinic-patients-infertility-prevention-project
#8
Breanna J McArdle, Genevieve L Buser, Katrina Hedberg, Sean Schafer
BACKGROUND: Due to high reinfection rates, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend retesting everyone diagnosed with chlamydia after treatment. However, retesting rates are often low, and research on retesting is limited. METHODS: Infertility Prevention Project (IPP) was a national chlamydia screening and treatment project in the United States. We completed a retrospective longitudinal analysis using IPP testing data from 8,266 women with at least 1 positive test result from 2010 to 2013...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673556/research-participation-among-state-and-local-public-health-emergency-preparedness-and-response-programs
#9
H Yusuf, L Ekperi, S Groseclose, A Siegfried, M Meit, E Carbone
OBJECTIVES: The objective of our study was to assess whether state and local health staff participated in public health emergency preparedness research activities and what partner organizations they collaborated with on research. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. METHODS: Data were derived from a 2014 web-based survey of state, territorial, and local health departments conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and NORC at the University of Chicago as part of a larger project to assess the public health emergency preparedness and response research priorities of state and local health departments...
April 16, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670414/integration-of-leadership-training-into-a-problem-case-based-learning-program-for-first-and-second-year-medical-students
#10
Samara B Ginzburg, Susan Deutsch, Jaclyn Bellissimo, David E Elkowitz, Joel Nh Stern, Robert Lucito
Purpose: The evolution of health care systems in response to societal and financial pressures has changed care delivery models, which presents new challenges for physicians. Leadership training is increasingly being recognized as an essential component of medical education training to prepare physicians to meet these needs. Unfortunately, most medical schools do not include leadership training. It has been suggested that a longitudinal and integrated approach to leadership training should be sought...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663183/three-visions-of-doctoring-a-gadamerian-dialogue
#11
Benjamin Chin-Yee, Atara Messinger, L Trevor Young
Medicine in the twenty-first century faces an 'identity crisis,' as it grapples with the emergence of various 'ways of knowing,' from evidence-based and translational medicine, to narrative-based and personalized medicine. While each of these approaches has uniquely contributed to the advancement of patient care, this pluralism is not without tension. Evidence-based medicine is not necessary individualized; personalized medicine may be individualized but is not necessarily person-centered. As novel technologies and big data continue to proliferate today, the focus of medical practice is shifting away from the dialogic encounter between doctor and patient, threatening the loss of humanism that many view as integral to medicine's identity...
April 16, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658851/an-eye-on-vision-five-questions-about-vision-screening-and-eye-health
#12
P Kay Nottingham Chaplin, Kira Baldonado, Geoffrey E Bradford, Susan Cotter, Bruce Moore
Current evidence-based and best-practice vision screening and eye health approaches, tools, and procedures are the result of revised national guidelines in the past 3 years and advances in research during the past 18 years. In providing answers to the five questions in this article, the National Center for Children's Vision and Eye Health at Prevent Blindness used published, peer-reviewed research; vision screening and eye health national guidelines; and consensus-based best practices from eye care professionals and public health experts...
May 2018: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652614/a-web-based-review-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-available-at-colleges-and-universities-in-georgia
#13
Katherine F Cushing, Anna E Carson, Tyiesha D Short, Stefanie N Kot, Merete Tschokert, Jessica M Sales
OBJECTIVE: Although two-thirds of graduating high school seniors attend college or university in the U.S., there is a paucity of national or state specific research regarding SRH services available on or near college and university campuses. METHODS: A review of websites for all colleges and universities in Georgia was conducted to evaluate sexual health services available on campuses and evidence of referral to community providers. RESULTS: Of 96 colleges in Georgia, 44░had campus-located health centers, with only 3 at two-year colleges...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652611/an-assisted-living-interprofessional-education-and-practice-geriatric-screening-clinic-ipep-gsc-a-description-and-evaluation
#14
Jeannie Lee, Hannah Cioltan, Patty Goldsmith, Beverly Heasley, Marlene Dermody, Mindy Fain, Jane Mohler
As the U.S. population ages and lives longer, we need to assure that future providers are prepared to work in highly functioning interprofessional teams to deliver person-centered care for older adults with complex chronic conditions. Assisted living facilities are ideal venues in which to train interprofessional health sciences students in providing such care. After monthly clinics involving interprofessional students (from the colleges of medicine, nursing, pharmacy, public health, and school of social work) providing team-based care to older adults, students' post-clinic evaluations indicated perceived improvements in knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions about aging and care of older adults...
April 13, 2018: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629053/effective-factors-on-menstrual-health-among-female-students-in-bam-city-a-qualitative-study
#15
Mohammad Ali Morowatisharifabad, Aliakbar Vaezi, Neda Mohammadinia
Background: Menarche is an independent puberty event in a girl's life, and is associated with physical growth, ability in marriage and fertility. Therefore, poor menstrual health can be a major determinant of morbidity, as well as physical, mental and social problems in this age group. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the effective factors on menstrual health among female students in Bam city. Methods: The qualitative study was conducted using content analysis approach in 2017...
February 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593658/economic-evaluation-of-primrose-a-trial-based-analysis-of-an-early-childhood-intervention-to-prevent-obesity
#16
Nora Döring, Niklas Zethraeus, Per Tynelius, Jeroen de Munter, Diana Sonntag, Finn Rasmussen
Background: Childhood obesity is a major clinical and economic health concern. Alongside the clinical understanding of obesity, there is a growing interest in designing and implementing interventions that are worth their money given the scarce resources in the health care sector. This study is one of the first efforts to provide evidence by assessing the effects and costs of a population-based primary prevention intervention targeting pre-school children attending child health centers in Sweden...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577334/ecological-networks-and-community-attachment-and-support-among-recently-resettled-refugees
#17
Brian Soller, Jessica R Goodkind, R Neil Greene, Christopher R Browning, Cece Shantzek
Interventions aimed at enhancing mental health are increasingly centered around promoting community attachment and support. However, few have examined and tested the specific ecological factors that give rise to these key community processes. Drawing from insights from the ecological network perspective, we tested whether spatial and social overlap in routine activity settings (e.g., work, school, childcare) with fellow ethnic community members is associated with individuals' attachment to their ethnic communities and access to social resources embedded in their communities...
March 25, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568337/evaluation-of-daily-time-spent-in-transportation-and-traffic-influenced-microenvironments-by-urban-canadians
#18
Carlyn J Matz, David M Stieb, Marika Egyed, Orly Brion, Markey Johnson
Exposure to traffic and traffic-related air pollution is associated with a wide array of health effects. Time spent in a vehicle, in active transportation, along roadsides, and in close proximity to traffic can substantially contribute to daily exposure to air pollutants. For this study, we evaluated daily time spent in transportation and traffic-influenced microenvironments by urban Canadians using the Canadian Human Activity Pattern Survey (CHAPS) 2 results. Approximately 4-7% of daily time was spent in on- or near-road locations, mainly associated with being in a vehicle and smaller contributions from active transportation...
2018: Air Quality, Atmosphere, & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564849/collaborating-for-competency-a-model-for-single-electronic-health-record-onboarding-for-medical-students-rotating-among-separate-health-systems
#19
Anne G Pereira, Michael Kim, Marcus Seywerd, Brooke Nesbitt, Michael B Pitt
BACKGROUND: Use of the electronic health record (EHR) is widespread in academic medical centers, and hands-on EHR experience in medical school is essential for new residents to be able to meaningfully contribute to patient care. As system-specific EHR training is not portable across institutions-even when the same EHR platform is used-students rotating across health systems are often required to spend time away from clinical training to complete each system's, often duplicative, EHR training regardless of their competency within the EHR...
January 2018: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562754/pregnancy-planning-timing-happiness-and-depressive-symptoms-among-low-income-women-living-with-and-without-hiv
#20
Marcia Polansky, Hardeep Singh, Yang Gao, Erika Aaron
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed associations of sociodemographic factors and pregnancy intent and wantedness with pregnancy happiness and prenatal depressive symptoms and the relationship between prenatal depressive symptoms and pregnancy happiness. BACKGROUND: Depression is the leading cause of disability world-wide and more so for women. Women are most likely to experience depression in their child bearing years, including during pregnancy. Untreated prenatal depression, associated with unwanted pregnancies endangers the health and wellbeing of the mother and her child...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
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