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Diabetes, Hypertension, Obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530520/cardiovascular-disease-and-gout-real-world-experience-evaluating-patient-characteristics-treatment-patterns-and-health-care-utilization
#1
Michael H Pillinger, Sripal Bangalore, Alyssa B Klein, Scott Baumgartner, Robert Morlock
BACKGROUND: Gout, hyperuricemia, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) are prevalent conditions in the United States, and while they share common risk factors such as obesity, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and type 2 diabetes mellitus, relatively little is known about what patient and disease characteristics may link CVD with hyperuricemia and gout and how the presence of both diseases affects management decisions differently than for patients with gout alone. OBJECTIVE: To identify differences in patient characteristics, patterns of urate-lowering therapy (ULT) use, and gout control in gout patients with and without cardiovascular comorbidity...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529823/obesity-and-sexual-abuse-in-american-indians-and-alaska-natives
#2
James A Levine, Shelly K McCrady-Spitzer, William Bighorse
Mainstream American culture frequently minimizes the prevalence and significance of sexual abuse. Unfortunately, this denial of extensive victimization of women is also present in many underserved populations. In June 2007, Amnesty International released its report on sexual abuse in indigenous women, which states that, "One in three Native American or Alaska Native women will be raped at some point in their lives. Most do not seek justice because they know they will be met with inaction or indifference." This report highlighted an infrequently discussed issue namely, very high levels of sexual abuse in Native American and Alaska Native women...
August 2016: Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528703/does-fitness-improve-the-cardiovascular-risk-profile-in-obese-subjects
#3
H Halland, M T Lønnebakken, S Saeed, H Midtbø, D Cramariuc, E Gerdts
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Good cardiorespiratory fitness has been suggested to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease in obesity. We explored the association of fitness with the prevalences of major cardiovascular risk factor like hypertension (HT), diabetes and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in overweight and obese subjects. METHODS AND RESULTS: Clinical data from 491 participants in the FAT associated CardiOvasculaR dysfunction (FATCOR) study were analyzed. Physical fitness was assessed by ergospirometry, and subjects with at least good level of performance for age and sex were classified as fit...
April 26, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526961/simultaneous-conversion-of-gastric-band-to-sleeve-gastrectomy-is-associated-with-increased-postoperative-complications-an-analysis-of-the-american-college-of-surgeons-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program
#4
Zachary C Dietch, Bruce D Schirmer, Peter T Hallowell
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has gained popularity for the treatment of morbid obesity as gastric banding (BAND) has fallen out of favor. As a result, simultaneous conversion (CONV) of BAND to LSG is commonly performed. We hypothesized that CONV is associated with higher 30-day risk-adjusted serious morbidity. METHODS: Preoperative characteristics and 30-day outcomes from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Participant Use Files 2010-2014 were selected for patients who underwent LSG...
May 19, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523847/sex-differences-in-cardiovascular-risk-profiles-of-ischemic-stroke-patients-with-diabetes-in-the-greater-cincinnati-northern-kentucky-stroke-study
#5
Tracy E Madsen, Jane C Khoury, Kathleen A Alwell, Charles J Moomaw, Stacie L Demel, Matthew L Flaherty, Daniel Woo, Jason Mackey, Felipe De Los Rios La Rosa, Sharyl Martini, Simona Ferioli, Opeolu Adeoye, Pooja Khatri, Brett M Kissela, Dawn Kleindorfer
BACKGROUND: We aimed to compare sex-specific associations between cardiovascular risk factors and diabetes mellitus (DM) among patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in the Greater Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky Stroke Study (GCNKSS). METHODS: The GCNKSS ascertained AIS cases in 2005 and 2010 among adult (age ≥20 years) residents of a biracial population of 1.3 million. Past and current stroke risk factors were compared between those with and without DM using chi-square and multiple logistic regression to examine sex-specific profiles...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522788/effects-of-bariatric-surgery-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-morbidly-obese-patients
#6
Piotr Major, Aleksandra Kowalczuk, Michał Wysocki, Sonia Osadnik, Michał Pędziwiatr, Anna Głuszewska, Magdalena Pisarska, Piotr Małczak, Anna Lasek, Michał Kisielewski, Andrzej Budzyński
AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric by-pass on risk factors of cardiovascular diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analyzed prospectively collected data of patients operated for morbid obesity who were qualified for laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) or laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric by-pass (LRYGB). Risk factors for wyłączecardiovascular diseases were assessed with the SCORE scale and both full and hard Framingham cardiovascular risk scores (FCRs)...
February 28, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522656/comparison-between-different-measures-of-body-fat-with-kidney-function-decline-and-incident-ckd
#7
Magdalena Madero, Ronit Katz, Rachel Murphy, Anne Newman, Kushang Patel, Joachim Ix, Carmen Peralta, Suzanne Satterfield, Linda Fried, Michael Shlipak, Mark Sarnak
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although anthropometric measures of body fat are associated with development of CKD, they may not be able to distinguish between various forms of fat and therefore may be less accurate than computed tomography (CT) measures. We compared the association of CT and anthropometric measures of obesity with kidney outcomes in the Health Aging and Body Composition Study. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Participants were recruited from March of 1997 through July of 1998...
May 18, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522093/sleep-duration-associated-with-cardiovascular-conditions-among-adult-nevadans
#8
Brianna L Pergola, Sheniz Moonie, Jennifer Pharr, Timothy Bungum, Julia L Anderson
BACKGROUND: Associations between sleep duration and cardiovascular conditions have been inconsistent. Both short and long sleep duration are associated with increased risk for diabetes, hypertension, obesity, high cholesterol, depression, and overall metabolic dysfunction; all of which are cardiovascular disease risk factors. This study aimed to determine if deficient or excessive sleep duration is associated with cardiovascular conditions. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System for the state of Nevada...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516452/correlation-between-socioeconomic-status-and-atopic-dermatitis-in-korean-adults-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2007-2014
#9
J S Lee, J M Kim, J Seok, B J Kim
INTRODUCTION: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is one of the most common allergic diseases. Its prevalence has been increasing in recent decades. Social economic status is well-known risk factor of allergic diseases. OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to investigate the relationship between social economic status and AD in Korean adults. METHODS: Data were acquired from 47,351 men and women, ≥19 years of age who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES) conducted from 2007 to 2014...
May 18, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515188/trends-in-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-five-major-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-korean-population-a-cross-sectional-study-using-data-from-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2001-2014
#10
Yoon Jung Kim, Ji Sung Lee, Juri Park, Dong Seop Choi, Doo Man Kim, Kee-Hyoung Lee, Ho Yeon Kim, Sin Gon Kim, Juneyoung Lee
OBJECTIVES: To examine trends in socioeconomic inequalities in major cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors among the Korean population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: A nationally representative population survey database. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 42 725 Koreans, aged 25-64 years, who participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) II (2001) to VI (2013-2014). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Trends in socioeconomic inequalities in five major CVD risk factors (smoking, obesity, diabetes, hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia)...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514939/antioxidant-properties-of-drugs-used-in-type-2-diabetes-management-could-they-contribute-to-confound-or-conceal-effects-of-antioxidant-therapy
#11
Siu Wai Choi, Cyrus K Ho
OBJECTIVES: This is a narrative review, investigating the antioxidant properties of drugs used in the management of diabetes, and discusses whether these antioxidant effects contribute to, confound, or conceal the effects of antioxidant therapy. METHODS: A systematic search for articles reporting trials, or observational studies on the antioxidant effect of drugs used in the treatment of diabetes in humans or animals was performed using Web of Science, PubMed, and Ovid...
May 17, 2017: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514463/pediatric-psoriasis-comorbidity-screening-guidelines
#12
Emily Osier, Audrey S Wang, Megha M Tollefson, Kelly M Cordoro, Stephen R Daniels, Andrew Eichenfield, Joel M Gelfand, Alice B Gottlieb, Alexa B Kimball, Mark Lebwohl, Nehal N Mehta, Amy S Paller, Jeffrey B Schwimmer, Dennis M Styne, Abby S Van Voorhees, Wynnis L Tom, Lawrence F Eichenfield
Importance: Psoriasis is a complex inflammatory skin condition associated with serious medical comorbidities in adults, including obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes mellitus, psoriatic arthritis, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, depression, anxiety, and decreased quality of life. Because psoriasis begins in childhood in almost one-third of patients, early identification of risk may be critical to minimizing effects on future health. Objective: To develop the first set of guidelines for comorbidity screening for patients with pediatric psoriasis based on current evidence...
May 17, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514403/-chronic-constipation-in-the-practice-of-a-therapist-features-of-therapy-for-comorbidity
#13
A A Svistunov, M A Osadchuk, L I Butorova, G M Tokmulina
AIM: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of laxatives with different pharmacological effects in the combination therapy in patients with chronic constipation (CC) concurrent with obesity, hypertensive disease, and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 110 people (45 men, 65 women) aged 45 to 72 years with CC in the presence of concomitant diseases: grade 1 or 2 hypertensive disease + obesity + type 2 DM. The investigators determined the severity of abdominal pain syndrome and flatulence, by indicating the mean frequency of defecations per week and fecal consistency according to the Bristol stool scale; anthropometric parameters; serum biochemistry tests; and serum lipoprotein phenotyping...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513791/the-prevalence-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-its-associated-factors-in-the-brazilian-adult-population-evidence-from-a-population-based-survey
#14
Luisa Sorio Flor, Monica Rodrigues Campos
Objective: To estimate the prevalence of self-reported diabetes mellitus (DM) and its associated factors among the Brazilian adult population. Methods: The prevalence of DM was assessed in the Survey on Social Dimensions of Inequalities, a national survey with macro-regions representativeness carried out in 2008. Data were collected by a personal face-to-face interview with 12,423 individuals of both sexes, aged over 20 years. The χ2 test at 5.0% was performed in order to identify associated factors, and logistic regression was used to estimate adjusted odds ratios...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512592/the-relationship-between-body-mass-index-and-the-severity-of-coronary-artery-disease-in-patients-referred-for-coronary-angiography
#15
Anne B Gregory, Kendra K Lester, Deborah M Gregory, Laurie K Twells, William K Midodzi, Neil J Pearce
Background and Aim. Obesity is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and may be associated with more severe coronary artery disease (CAD); however, the relationship between body mass index [BMI (kg/m(2))] and CAD severity is uncertain and debatable. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between BMI and angiographic severity of CAD. Methods. Duke Jeopardy Score (DJS), a prognostic tool predictive of 1-year mortality in CAD, was assigned to angiographic data of patients ≥18 years of age (N = 8,079)...
2017: Cardiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512338/impact-of-metabolic-status-on-the-incidence-of-psoriasis-a-korean-nationwide-cohort-study
#16
Eun Sook Kim, Kyungdo Han, Mee Kyoung Kim, Yong-Moon Park, Ki-Hyun Baek, Sung Dae Moon, Je-Ho Han, Ki-Ho Song, Hyuk-Sang Kwon
Growing evidence suggests that obesity is a risk factor for incident psoriasis. This study was aimed to evaluate the association of obesity and metabolic status with the incidence of psoriasis. A total of 418,057 adults were followed-up using a nationwide prospective cohort study in Korea. Participants were stratified based on the body mass index categories and metabolic condition. During the follow-up visit, 11054 (2.6%) cases were found to have psoriasis. Diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and obesity were all found to be risk factors for incident psoriasis...
May 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511199/epidemiology-and-risk-factors-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-among-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#17
Kerri Glassner, Hoda M Malaty, Bincy P Abraham
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been increasingly identified in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We aimed to determine risk factors of NAFLD in patients with IBD. METHODS: We examined 3 groups of patients: IBD + NAFLD, IBD only, and NAFLD only. Data on demographics, body mass index, duration of IBD, type of medication use, laboratory data, and metabolic risk factors were collected. RESULTS: A total of 168 patients between the ages 19 and 82 were evaluated, 56 patients in each group...
June 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510998/new-onset-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-among-patients-receiving-hiv-care-at-newlands-clinic-harare-zimbabwe-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#18
Cleophas Chimbetete, Catrina Mugglin, Tinei Shamu, Bindu Kalesan, Barbara Bertisch, Matthias Egger, Olivia Keiser
OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence and associated factors of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Zimbabwe. METHODS: We analyzed data of all HIV-infected patients older than 16 years who attended Newlands Clinic between March 1, 2004 and April 29, 2015. The clinic considers patients whose random blood sugar is higher than 11.1 mmol/L and which is confirmed by a fasting blood sugar higher than 7.0 mmol/L to have T2DM. T2DM is also diagnosed in symptomatic patients who have a RBS >11...
May 16, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510633/obesity-and-diabetes-as-risk-factors-for-severe-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-results-from-a-swedish-nationwide-study
#19
Katja Wyss, Andreas Wångdahl, Maria Vesterlund, Ulf Hammar, Saduddin Dashti, Pontus Naucler, Anna Färnert
Background: Noncommunicable diseases and obesity are increasing in prevalence globally, also in populations at risk of malaria. We sought to investigate if comorbidity, in terms of chronic diseases and obesity, is associated with severe Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Methods: We performed a retrospective observational study in adults (≥18 years) diagnosed with malaria in Sweden between January 1995 and May 2015. We identified cases through the surveillance database at the Public Health Agency of Sweden and reviewed clinical data from 18 hospitals...
May 16, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509412/-three-hits-hypothesis-for-developmental-origins-of-health-and-diseases-in-view-of-cardiovascular-abnormalities
#20
REVIEW
Xiang Li, Mengshu Zhang, Xinghua Pan, Zhice Xu, Miao Sun
"Fetal Origins of Adult Diseases" (FOAD) or "Barker hypothesis," also known as the developmental origins of health and diseases (DoHaD), was initially proposed by David Barker in the 1980s. Progress in past 2 to 3 decades demonstrated that many adult disorders, including hypertension, diabetes, obesity, cancer, and others, could be linked to poor development resulting from in utero insults. Utero-environments play a critical role in fetal development. Because the placenta and umbilical cord are the only important connections between the fetus and mother in the uterus, this review pays special attention to recent research and progress in the study of the relationship between those tissues and FOAD...
May 16, 2017: Birth Defects Res
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