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Diabetes, Hypertension, Obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437461/comparison-of-risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-gestational-hypertension-and-pre-eclampsia
#1
Minxue Shen, Graeme N Smith, Marc Rodger, Ruth Rennicks White, Mark C Walker, Shi Wu Wen
BACKGROUND: It remains an enigma whether gestational hypertension (GH) and pre-eclampsia (PE) are distinct entities or different spectrum of the same disease. We aimed to compare the risk factors and outcomes between GH and PE. METHOD: A total of 7,633 pregnant women recruited between 12 and 20 weeks of gestation in the Ottawa and Kingston Birth Cohort from 2002 to 2009 were included in the analysis. Cox proportional hazards model was used to identify and compare the risk factors for GH and PE by treating gestational age at delivery as the survival time...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437445/knowledge-and-perception-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk-among-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#2
Sunjoo Boo, Hyunjin Oh, Erika S Froelicher, Chang-Hee Suh
Patients with rheumatoid arthritis are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease. The prerequisites for reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease are adequate levels of knowledge and being aware of the risk. In this study, the levels of knowledge about cardiovascular disease among patients with rheumatoid arthritis and the perception were evaluated in relation to their actual 10-year risk of cardiovascular disease. This cross-sectional study of 200 patients with rheumatoid arthritis was conducted in a university-affiliated hospital in South Korea...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432575/liver-transplantation-the-role-of-metabolic-syndrome
#3
REVIEW
Brian C Davis, M Shadab Siddiqui
The long-term survival in liver transplant recipients (LTRs) is currently at an historical high level stemming from improvement in perioperative care, infection control, and immunosuppression medications. However, compared to the general population, LTRs have decreased survival. Metabolic diseases like hypertension, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes, and obesity are key determinants of long-term mortality in LTRs. The incidence and prevalence of these metabolic comorbidities is considerably higher in LTRs and likely results from a combination of factors including exposure to chronic immunosuppression, weight gain, and recurrence of chronic liver disease after liver transplantation (LT)...
April 21, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430114/urban-and-rural-differences-in-hypertension-risk-factors-in-turkey
#4
İlker Daştan, Ayşegül Erem, Volkan Çetinkaya
OBJECTIVE: Existing literature shows considerable regional differences in terms of hypertension (HT) prevalence in Turkey. The purpose of this study was to analyze some of the known HT risk factors contributing to the variations between urban and rural areas of Turkey in HT development. METHODS: We used data from the 2011 Chronic Diseases and Risk Factors Survey that was conducted by the Turkish Ministry of Health on a representative sample of the Turkish adult population aged 20 years or more (n=16...
April 19, 2017: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429199/gastric-bypass-and-influence-on-improvement-of-nafld
#5
REVIEW
Vamsi Alli, Ann M Rogers
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obesity is recognized as a chronic and recurring disease, often accompanied by other weight-related comorbid conditions such as obstructive sleep apnea, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This chapter will seek to focus on the effect of weight loss surgery (WLS), in particular Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), on NAFLD. RECENT FINDINGS: Among several modalities available to treat NAFLD, the one most likely to achieve rapid, significant, and sustained improvement of liver disease is WLS...
June 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428690/implications-of-ace-i-d-gene-variants-to-the-genetic-susceptibility-of-coronary-artery-disease-in-asian-indians
#6
G K Bhatti, J S Bhatti, R Vijayvergiya, B Singh
Angiotensin-1-converting enzyme (ACE) gene has established substantial attention in the recent years as a candidate gene for hypertension, cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association of ACE (I/D) polymorphism with coronary artery disease (CAD) in a north Indian population. A total of 662 subjects (330 CAD patients and 332 healthy controls) were examined for association of ACE gene (I/D) polymorphism and environmental risk factors. The mean age of the CAD patients and control subjects was 60...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428538/hyperuricemia-is-associated-with-cardiovascular-diseases-clustering-among-very-elderly-women-a-community-based-study-in-chengdu-china
#7
Gang Huang, Jun-Bo Xu, Ting-Jie Zhang, Xiao-Li Nie, Qiu Li, Ya Liu, Yan Lv, Rui-Lian Wen, Lei Yang, Bao-Yu Zhao
Cardiovascular epidemiological features among very elderly Chinese are still uncertain. This study aimed to describe the distribution of cardiovascular diseases and sex difference, and investigate potential risk factors for diseases clustering among very elderly Chinese. From May 2013 to May 2015, a total of 1056 very elderly were sampled in this cross-sectional study. Demographic characteristics collection, physical examination and biochemical analysis were performed. Totally, 1038 participants (men: 49.8%) with a median age of 83...
April 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428072/membrane-lipid-alterations-in-the-metabolic-syndrome-and-the-role-of-dietary-oils
#8
REVIEW
Javier S Perona
The metabolic syndrome is a cluster of pathological conditions, including hypertension, hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, obesity and low HDL levels that is of great concern worldwide, as individuals with metabolic syndrome have an increased risk of type-2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Insulin resistance, the key feature of the metabolic syndrome, might be at the same time cause and consequence of impaired lipid composition in plasma membranes of insulin-sensitive tissues like liver, muscle and adipose tissue...
April 18, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427374/prenatal-determinants-of-physical-activity-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-adolescence-northern-finland-birth-cohort-1986-study
#9
Marjaana Tikanmäki, Tuija Tammelin, Marja Vääräsmäki, Marika Sipola-Leppänen, Satu Miettola, Anneli Pouta, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Eero Kajantie
BACKGROUND: Lower levels of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness are key risk factors of chronic adult diseases. Physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness are predicted by birth weight, but the underlying parental and pregnancy-related factors remain largely unknown. We examined how prenatal determinants are associated with physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness in adolescence. METHODS: Of the 16-year-old members of the population-based Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986 (NFBC 1986), 6682 singletons with no major physical disability reported their amount of physical activity outside school hours, and 4706 completed a submaximal cycle ergometer test assessing cardiorespiratory fitness...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427339/cardiovascular-disease-risk-among-chinese-antiretroviral-na%C3%A3-ve-adults-with-advanced-hiv-disease
#10
Fuping Guo, Evelyn Hsieh, Wei Lv, Yang Han, Jing Xie, Yanling Li, Xiaojing Song, Taisheng Li
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is an important cause of mortality among HIV-infected patients, however little is known about the burden of CVD among this population in Asia. We sought to quantify prevalence of CVD risk factors, 10-year CVD risk, and patterns of CVD risk factor treatment in a group of individuals with HIV in China. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed baseline data from treatment-naïve HIV-infected adults enrolled in two multicenter clinical trials in China...
April 20, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426302/innovations-in-population-health-surveillance-using-electronic-health-records-for-chronic-disease-surveillance
#11
Sharon E Perlman, Katharine H McVeigh, Lorna E Thorpe, Laura Jacobson, Carolyn M Greene, R Charon Gwynn
With 87% of providers using electronic health records (EHRs) in the United States, EHRs have the potential to contribute to population health surveillance efforts. However, little is known about using EHR data outside syndromic surveillance and quality improvement. We created an EHR-based population health surveillance system called the New York City (NYC) Macroscope and assessed the validity of diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, smoking, obesity, depression, and influenza vaccination indicators. The NYC Macroscope uses aggregate data from a network of outpatient practices...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422857/serum-resistin-positively-correlates-with-serum-lipids-but-not-with-insulin-resistance-in-first-degree-relatives-of-type-2-diabetes-patients-an-observational-study-in-china
#12
Xiao-Hong Niu, Li Li, Jun-Yan Li, Qi Song, Miao-Miao Jin, Jin-Xia Liu
To investigate whether serum resistin correlated with hypertension, obesity, dyslipidemia, or insulin resistance (IR) in Chinese type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients and their first-degree relatives (DFDRs) in a case-control observational study.We determined the serum levels of resistin, plasma lipids, glucose, and insulin, and performed clinical assessments of hypertension, obesity, and IR for 42 T2DM patients, 74 of their DFDRs, and 51 healthy control participants with no family history of T2DM (NC group)...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421785/association-between-vitamin-d-levels-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-obese-children-and-adolescents
#13
Ali Gul, Samet Ozer, Resul Yılmaz, Ergun Sonmezgoz, Tuba Kasap, Sahin Takcı, Osman Demir
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Childhood obesity is associated with an increased risk of chronic disease. We aimed to determine the association between vitamin D deficiency and cardiovascular risks in obese children. METHOD: The studied children were selected from obese children who were followed up at obesity clinic, aged 6-17 years. Basic demographic information and laboratory data were collected retrospectively from hospital records. RESULTS: A total of 310 students (178 [57...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420663/optimal-body-fat-percentage-cut-off-values-for-identifying-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-mongolian-and-han-adults-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-inner-mongolia-china
#14
Yanlong Li, Hailing Wang, Ke Wang, Wenrui Wang, Fen Dong, Yonggang Qian, Haiying Gong, Guodong Xu, Guoju Li, Li Pan, Guangjin Zhu, Guangliang Shan
OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to determine the optimal cut-off values of body fat percentage (BF%) for the detection of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in Mongolian and Han adults. METHOD: This cross-sectional study involving 3221 Chinese adults (2308 Han and 913 Mongolian) aged 20-80 years was conducted in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China, in 2014. Data from a standardised questionnaire, physical examination and blood sample were obtained...
April 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420573/low-levels-of-physical-activity-in-sudanese-individuals-with-some-features-of-metabolic-syndrome-population-based-study
#15
Samah Khalil, Ahmed O Almobarak, Heitham Awadalla, Wadie M Elmadhoun, Sufian K Noor, Amel A Sulaiman, Mohamed H Ahmed
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of physical activity among Sudanese population. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional study composed of 323 participants from Khartoum state, Sudan. Data collected using pretested designed questionnaire based on previously validated Global Physical Activity Questionnaire. The demographic and physical measurement including blood glucose, anthropometric and blood pressure. RESULTS: The Mean age of participants was 35...
April 7, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420250/the-european-association-of-preventive-cardiology-exercise-prescription-in-everyday-practice-and-rehabilitative-training-expert-tool-a-digital-training-and-decision-support-system-for-optimized-exercise-prescription-in-cardiovascular-disease-concept-definitions
#16
Dominique Hansen, Paul Dendale, Karin Coninx, Luc Vanhees, Massimo F Piepoli, Josef Niebauer, Veronique Cornelissen, Roberto Pedretti, Eva Geurts, Gustavo R Ruiz, Ugo Corrà, Jean-Paul Schmid, Eugenio Greco, Constantinos H Davos, Frank Edelmann, Ana Abreu, Bernhard Rauch, Marco Ambrosetti, Simona S Braga, Olga Barna, Paul Beckers, Maurizio Bussotti, Robert Fagard, Pompilio Faggiano, Esteban Garcia-Porrero, Evangelia Kouidi, Michel Lamotte, Daniel Neunhäuserer, Rona Reibis, Martijn A Spruit, Christoph Stettler, Tim Takken, Cajsa Tonoli, Carlo Vigorito, Heinz Völler, Patrick Doherty
Background Exercise rehabilitation is highly recommended by current guidelines on prevention of cardiovascular disease, but its implementation is still poor. Many clinicians experience difficulties in prescribing exercise in the presence of different concomitant cardiovascular diseases and risk factors within the same patient. It was aimed to develop a digital training and decision support system for exercise prescription in cardiovascular disease patients in clinical practice: the European Association of Preventive Cardiology Exercise Prescription in Everyday Practice and Rehabilitative Training (EXPERT) tool...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420004/hearing-loss-and-risk-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-findings-from-the-singapore-longitudinal-ageing-study
#17
Rebecca Heywood, Qi Gao, Ma Shwe Zin Nyunt, Lei Feng, Mei Sian Chong, Wee Shiong Lim, Philip Yap, Tih-Shih Lee, Keng Bee Yap, Shiou Liang Wee, Tze Pin Ng
AIM: To investigate the associations between hearing loss and prevalent and incident mild cognitive impairment (MCI), dementia and MCI or dementia (all cases). METHODS: Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses of baseline and follow-up data were performed in a population-based cohort. The baseline sample of 2,599 adults aged ≥55 included 1,515 cognitively normal subjects who were followed up to 8 years. Hearing loss at baseline was determined by the whispered voice test, and MCI and dementia by Mini-Mental State Examination screening, Clinical Dementia Rating scale, neurocognitive tests, MRI, and panel consensus diagnosis...
April 19, 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419237/the-fat-score-a-fibrosis-score-of-adipose-tissue-predicting-weight-loss-outcome-after-gastric-bypass
#18
Pierre Bel Lassen, Frederic Charlotte, Yuejun Liu, Pierre Bedossa, Gilles le Naour, Joan Tordjman, Christine Poitou, Jean-Luc Bouillot, Laurent Genser, Jean-Daniel Zucker, Nataliya Sokolovska, Judith Aron-Wisnewsky, Karine Clément
Context: Bariatric surgery (BS) induces major and sustainable weight loss in many but not all patients. Factors predicting poor responders (PR) need to be identified to improve patient care. Quantification of subcutaneous adipose tissue (scAT) fibrosis is negatively associated with post-BS weight loss, but whether it could constitute a predictor applicable in clinical routine remains to be demonstrated. Objective: To create a semi-quantitative score evaluating scAT fibrosis and test its predictive value on weight loss response after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB)...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418521/evaluation-of-amyloid-protective-factors-and-alzheimer-disease-neurodegeneration-protective-factors-in-elderly-individuals
#19
Prashanthi Vemuri, David S Knopman, Timothy G Lesnick, Scott A Przybelski, Michelle M Mielke, Jonathan Graff-Radford, Melissa E Murray, Rosebud O Roberts, Maria Vassilaki, Val J Lowe, Mary M Machulda, David T Jones, Ronald C Petersen, Clifford R Jack
Importance: While amyloid and neurodegeneration are viewed together as Alzheimer disease pathophysiology (ADP), the factors that influence amyloid and AD-pattern neurodegeneration may be considerably different. Protection from these ADP factors may be important for aging without significant ADP. Objective: To identify the combined and independent protective factors for amyloid and AD-pattern neurodegeneration in a population-based sample and to test the hypothesis that "exceptional agers" with advanced ages do not have significant ADP because they have protective factors for amyloid and neurodegeneration...
April 17, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416368/nutritional-management-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-review-study
#20
REVIEW
Zeinab Faghfoori, Siavash Fazelian, Mahdi Shadnoush, Reza Goodarzi
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age, which leads to reproductive, hormonal and metabolic abnormalities. Due to the presence of insulin resistance, PCOS increases the risk of chronic diseases like type 2 diabetes, hypertension, lipid disorders, cardiovascular diseases and malignancies such as breast and endometrial cancer. The actual cause of this syndrome is unknown but environmental factors such as dietary habits play an important role in prevention and treatment and lifestyle modifications are the most important therapeutic strategies in these patients...
April 5, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
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