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3D ultrasound

Denisa Muraru, Alice Niero, Hugo Rodriguez-Zanella, Diana Cherata, Luigi Badano
Three-dimensional (3D) speckle-tracking echocardiography (3DSTE) is an advanced imaging technique designed for left ventricular (LV) myocardial deformation analysis based on 3D data sets. 3DSTE has the potential to overcome some of the intrinsic limitations of two-dimensional STE (2DSTE) in the assessment of complex LV myocardial mechanics, offering additional deformation parameters (such as area strain) and a comprehensive quantitation of LV geometry and function from a single 3D acquisition. Albeit being a relatively young technique still undergoing technological developments, several experimental studies and clinical investigations have already demonstrated the reliability and feasibility of 3DSTE, as well as several advantages of 3DSTE over 2DSTE...
February 2018: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
Sunao Shoji, Akio Hashimoto, Tomoya Nakamura, Shinichiro Hiraiwa, Haruhiro Sato, Yoshinobu Sato, Takuma Tajiri, Akira Miyajima
The present study evaluated three-dimensional shear wave elastography (3D SWE) in the detection of clinically significant prostate cancer. Clinically significant prostate cancer was defined by a minimum of one biopsy core with a Gleason score of 3+4 or 6 with a maximum cancer core length >4 mm. Patients with serum prostate-specific antigen levels of 4.0-20.0 ng/ml who were suspected of having prostate cancer from multi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) were prospectively recruited. The 3D SWE was performed pre-biopsy, after which patients underwent MRI-transrectal ultrasound image-guided targeted biopsies for cancer-suspicious lesions and 12-core systematic biopsies...
April 2018: Biomedical Reports
Lewis Chan, Vincent Tse
PURPOSE: The mid-urethral synthetic sling (MUS) procedure has become the standard of care for treatment of female stress urinary incontinence. However, a small number of patients will have complications following MUS including failure, obstructive voiding, sling erosion, or chronic pain. This paper discusses the role of 2D and 3D ultrasound imaging in the evaluation of the female patient with complications following placement of a synthetic mid-urethral sling. RESULTS: The MUS is easily visualized as an echogenic structure on ultrasound and can be imaged by transperineal, transvaginal and introital approaches...
March 12, 2018: World Journal of Urology
Maria K van de Waarsenburg, Nienke E van Hoogenhuijze, Anique T M Grob, Karlijn J Schweitzer, Mariëlla I J Withagen, Carl H van der Vaart
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Internal closure of the urethral sphincter is one of the mechanisms in maintaining continence. Little is known about changes in the urethral sphincter during pregnancy. We designed this study to develop a reliable method to measure the area and mean echogenicity of the midurethra during and after pregnancy and to assess changes over time. METHODS: Two observers independently segmented the urethra as follows: in the sagittal plane, the urethra was positioned vertically, the marker was placed in the middle section of the lumen of the urethra, and eight tomographic US images of 2...
March 12, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Hans Peter Dietz, Francesco Scoti, Nishamini Subramaniam, Talia Friedman, Ka Lai Shek
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Vaginal childbirth clearly has an effect on pelvic floor anatomy, and pregnancy itself also likely plays a role. This study investigated the effects of consecutive pregnancies by comparing pelvic organ support and function in urogynecological patients delivered by cesarean section (CS) only. METHODS: This was a retrospective study using 161 archived data sets of urogynecological patients delivered exclusively by CS presenting with symptoms of pelvic floor dysfunction between 2007 and 2015...
March 12, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Thomas Brun, Jean-Marc Bachaud, Pierre Graff-Cailleaud, Bernard Malavaud, Daniel Portalez, Christian Popotte, Richard Aziza, Amélie Lusque, Thomas Filleron, Soléakhéna Ken
PURPOSE: To present the feasibility study of optimal dose coverage in ultra-focal brachytherapy (UFB) with multiparametric MRI for low- and intermediate-risk prostate cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: UFB provisional dose plans for small target volumes (<7 cc) were calculated on a prostate training phantom to optimize the seeds number and strength. Clinical UFB consisted in a contour-based nonrigid registration (MRI/Ultrasound) to implant a fiducial marker at the location of the tumor focus...
March 7, 2018: Brachytherapy
Federico Canè, Benedict Verhegghe, Matthieu De Beule, Philippe B Bertrand, Rob J Van der Geest, Patrick Segers, Gianluca De Santis
With cardiovascular disease (CVD) remaining the primary cause of death worldwide, early detection of CVDs becomes essential. The intracardiac flow is an important component of ventricular function, motion kinetics, wash-out of ventricular chambers, and ventricular energetics. Coupling between Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations and medical images can play a fundamental role in terms of patient-specific diagnostic tools. From a technical perspective, CFD simulations with moving boundaries could easily lead to negative volumes errors and the sudden failure of the simulation...
2018: BioMed Research International
Mads Ammitzbøll Danielsen
Rheumatod arthritis is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease, characterized by inflammation in joints and tendon sheaths, which frequently leads to permanent and serious disability due to joint destruction, but also tendon and ligament ruptures. Clinical management of rheumatoid arthritis has traditionally been supported by biochemical and radiographic findings. However, imaging modalities like ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have improved the possibility for better management of rheumatoid arthritis patients, due to higher sensitivity and specificity for detecting ongoing inflammation, this thesis is focusing on tenosynovitis as recent studies have shown that inflammation in tendon sheaths, i...
March 2018: Danish Medical Journal
Deep Bera, Shreyas B Raghunathan, Chao Chen, Zhao Chen, Michiel A P Pertijs, Martin D Verweij, Verya Daeichin, Hendrik J Vos, Antonius F W van der Steen, Nico De Jong, Johan Hans G Bosch
Until now, no matrix transducer has been realized for 3D transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in pediatric patients. In 3D TEE with a matrix transducer, the biggest challenges are to connect a large number of elements to a standard ultrasound system, and to achieve a high volume rate (&gt;200 Hz). To address these issues, we have recently developed a prototype miniaturized matrix transducer for pediatric patients with micro-beamforming and a small central transmitter. In this paper we propose two multiline parallel 3D beamforming techniques (µBF25 and µBF169) using the micro-beamformed datasets from 25 and 169 transmit events to achieve volume rates of 300 Hz and 44 Hz, respectively...
March 6, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Camila C Araujo, Suelene S A Coelho, Natalia Martinho, Mariana Tanaka, Rodrigos M Jales, Cassia R T Juliato
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We used clinical examination and transperineal 3D/4D ultrasound (US) to evaluate pelvic floor muscles (PFM) after different delivery modes. METHODS: Women were surveyed using validated questionnaires. PFM were evaluated and classified according to the Modified Oxford Scale following 3D/4D transperineal US. For statistical analysis, Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney, chi-square, and Fisher exact tests were used. RESULTS: Fifty-three women were evaluated: 32 with previous vaginal delivery (VD) and 21 with cesarean section (CS) (8 nonelective and 13 elective)...
March 6, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Zhuhuang Zhou, Shuicai Wu, Man-Yen Lin, Jui Fang, Hao-Li Liu, Po-Hsiang Tsui
In this study, the window-modulated compounding (WMC) technique was integrated into three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound Nakagami imaging for improving the spatial visualization of backscatter statistics. A 3D WMC Nakagami image was produced by summing and averaging a number of 3D Nakagami images (number of frames denoted as N) formed using sliding cubes with varying side lengths ranging from 1 to N times the transducer pulse. To evaluate the performance of the proposed 3D WMC Nakagami imaging method, agar phantoms with scatterer concentrations ranging from 2 to 64 scatterers/mm3 were made, and six stages of fatty liver (zero, one, two, four, six, and eight weeks) were induced in rats by methionine-choline-deficient diets (three rats for each stage, total n = 18)...
March 1, 2018: Ultrasonic Imaging
Ahmed El Kaffas, Azza Al-Mahrouki, Amr Hashim, Niki Law, Anoja Giles, Gregory J Czarnota
Background: High-dose radiotherapy (>8-10 Gy) causes rapid endothelial cell death via acid sphingomyelinase (ASMase)-induced ceramide production, resulting in biologically significant enhancement of tumor responses. To further augment or solicit similar effects at low radiation doses, we used genetic and chemical approaches to evaluate mechano-acoustic activation of the ASMase-ceramide pathway by ultrasound-stimulated microbubbles (USMB). Methods: Experiments were carried out in wild-type and acid sphingomyelinase (asmase) knockout mice implanted with fibrosarcoma xenografts...
February 28, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Hein Bogers, Evelyne M van Uitert, Sharon van Ginkel, Elisabeth D H van der Mooren, Irene A L Groenenberg, Paul H C Eilers, Niek Exalto, Eric A P Steegers, Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen
Embryonic growth is often impaired in miscarriages. It is postulated that derangements in embryonic growth result in abnormalities of the embryonic curvature. This study aims to create first trimester reference charts of the human embryonic curvature and investigate differences between ongoing pregnancies and miscarriages. Weekly ultrasonographic scans from ongoing pregnancies and miscarriages were used from the Rotterdam periconceptional cohort and a cohort of recurrent miscarriages. In 202 ongoing pregnancies and 33 miscarriages, first trimester crown rump length and total arch length were measured to assess the embryonic curvature...
March 1, 2018: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
Stéphanie Thibault-Gagnon, Corrie Goldfinger, Caroline Pukall, Susan Chamberlain, Linda McLean
BACKGROUND: Digital intravaginal palpation remains the favored method for clinical assessment of pelvic floor muscle (PFM) function in women; however, there is growing interest in using transperineal ultrasound imaging (TPUSI). TPUSI does not involve vaginal penetration, making it particularly relevant for PFM assessment in women with genito-pelvic pain and penetration disorders. AIMS: To study the relations between measures of PFM morphology and function assessed using 3-dimensional (3D) TPUSI and PFM assessment through intravaginal palpation...
March 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Salvatore Virga, Rüdiger Göbl, Maximilian Baust, Nassir Navab, Christoph Hennersperger
PURPOSE: Ultrasound acquisitions are typically affected by deformations due to the pressure applied onto the contact surface. While a certain amount of pressure is necessary to ensure good acoustic coupling and visibility of the anatomy under examination, the caused deformations hinder accurate localization and geometric analysis of anatomical structures. These complications have even greater impact in case of 3D ultrasound scans as they limit the correct reconstruction of acquired volumes...
March 2, 2018: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Ana I L Namburete, Weidi Xie, Mohammad Yaqub, Andrew Zisserman, J Alison Noble
Methods for aligning 3D fetal neurosonography images must be robust to (i) intensity variations, (ii) anatomical and age-specific differences within the fetal population, and (iii) the variations in fetal position. To this end, we propose a multi-task fully convolutional neural network (FCN) architecture to address the problem of 3D fetal brain localization, structural segmentation, and alignment to a referential coordinate system. Instead of treating these tasks as independent problems, we optimize the network by simultaneously learning features shared within the input data pertaining to the correlated tasks, and later branching out into task-specific output streams...
February 21, 2018: Medical Image Analysis
Artem Rabtsun, Andréi Karpenko, D G Zoloev, Vladimir Starodubtsev, Pavel Ignatenko, Anne Lejay, Nabil Chakfe
OBJECTIVES: Superficial femoral artery (SFA) remote endarterectomy offers the advantage of preserving anatomy and geometry of the native artery but the risk of restenosis still exists. The particular role of the adductor canal (AC) in mechanical constraints has been highlighted. The aim of this study was to assess if a surgical protocol associating remote SFA endarterectomy and AC freeing would modify the SFA geometrical changes during physiological limb flexion. METHODS: From January 2015 to March 2015, 10 patients (Rutherford 3-5) with unilateral SFA occlusion were included...
February 27, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Julius Emons, Marius Wunderle, Arndt Hartmann, Marcus Radicke, Claudia Rauh, Michael Uder, Paul Gass, Peter A Fasching, Hanna Langemann, Matthias W Beckmann, Rüdiger Schulz-Wendtland, Sebastian M Jud
Background Combinations *Equal contributors. of different imaging techniques in fusion devices appear to be associated with improvements in diagnostic assessment. Purpose The aim of this study was to test the feasibility of using an automated standard three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound (US) device fused with standard mammography for the first time in breast cancer patients. Material and Methods Digital mammograms and 3D automated US images were obtained in 23 patients with highly suspicious breast lesions. A recently developed fusion machine consisting of an ABVS 3D US transducer from an Acuson S2000 machine and a conventional Mammomat Inspiration device (both Siemens Healthcare GmbH, Erlangen, Germany) were used for the purpose...
January 1, 2018: Acta Radiologica
Dan Zhao, Ailu Cai, Jun Zhang, Yan Wang, Bing Wang
OBJECTIVES: Fetal cerebellar vermis may be assessed by ultrasound (US) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and median-plane views are best for evaluation. The purpose of this study was to compare measurements of normal fetal vermis at 24-32 weeks of gestation obtained in median plane by transabdominal 2D-US, 3D-US, and MRI. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted, examining normal singleton fetuses between 24 and 32 weeks of gestation. Within a 24-h period, median-plane views of posterior fossa were generated using 2D-US, 3D-US, and MRI...
March 2018: European Journal of Radiology
Chi Wan Koo, Tucker F Johnson, David S Gierada, Darin B White, Shanda Blackmon, Jane M Matsumoto, Jooae Choe, Mark S Allen, David L Levin, Ronald S Kuzo
The diaphragm is an unique skeletal muscle separating the thoracic and abdominal cavities with a primary function of enabling respiration. When abnormal, whether by congenital or acquired means, the consequences for patients can be severe. Abnormalities that affect the diaphragm are often first detected on chest radiographs as an alteration in position or shape. Cross-sectional imaging studies, primarily computed tomography (CT) and occasionally magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), can depict structural defects, intrinsic and adjacent pathology in greater detail...
February 27, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
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