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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032403/mate-tea-ilex-paraguariensis-improves-bone-formation-in-the-alveolar-socket-healing-after-tooth-extraction-in-rats
#1
Matheus da Silva Brasilino, Camila Tami Stringhetta-Garcia, Camila Scacco Pereira, Ariana Aparecida Ferreira Pereira, Karina Stringhetta, Andréia Machado Leopoldino, Marcelo Macedo Crivelini, Edilson Ervolino, Rita Cássia Menegati Dornelles, Ana Cláudia de Melo Stevanato Nakamune, Antonio Hernandes Chaves-Neto
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of mate tea (MT) [Ilex paraguariensis] on alveolar socket healing after tooth extraction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen male rats were divided into MT and control groups. MT was administered by intragastric gavage at a dose of 20 mg/kg/day for 28 days before and 28 days after right maxillary incisor extraction. The control group received an equal volume of water. Histopathological and histometric analysis of the neoformed bone area and osteocyte density were performed, as well as immunohistochemical analysis of osteocalcin (OCN), receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL), osteoprotegerin (OPG), tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), and manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) in the alveolar socket...
October 14, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028083/association-between-advanced-oxidation-protein-products-aopp-and-vascular-calcification-in-uremic-patients
#2
L Lin, G-J Zhao, L-L Qin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between serum advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) and vascular calcification in uremic patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The general data of included subjects were collected, and the serum AOPP, intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), creatinine (Cre), Urea, calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein cholesterin (LDL-C), hemoglobin (Hb) and albumin (ALB) were detected...
September 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027270/the-yerba-mate-intake-has-a-neutral-effect-on-bone-a-case-control-study-in-postmenopausal-women
#3
Denise T A da Veiga, Raísa Bringhenti, Aline A Bolignon, Etiane Tatsh, Rafael N Moresco, Fabio V Comim, Melissa O Premaor
Nutritional factors have been associated with osteoporosis and fractures. The intake of coffee may increase the risk of fracture whereas the intake of black and green tea is associated with its reduction. Recently, consumption of yerba mate was associated with increased bone mineral density in postmenopausal women. Nonetheless, its influence on fracture is not known. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of yerba mate tea intake on fractures, bone markers, calcium homeostasis, and oxidative stress in postmenopausal women...
October 13, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017699/urinary-calcium-excretion-and-bone-turnover-in-osteoporotic-patients%C3%A2
#4
Amr El-Husseini, Amit Chakraborty, Qingcong Yuan, Saqib Inayatullah, Heather Bush, B Peter Sawaya
INTRODUCTION: It is well documented that patients with osteoporosis (OP) have high incidence of hypercalciuria (HC). However, the mechanism of HC in patients with OP is not well established. It is thought to be the result of high bone turnover (HBT) with excessive bone resorption. OP also frequently presents with low bone turnover (LBT). At this time, it is not clear whether OP with LBT is also associated with hypercalciuria. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate urinary calcium excretion in osteoporotic patients with HBT and LBT...
October 11, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016645/spontaneous-variability-of-pre-dialysis-concentrations-of-uremic-toxins-over-time-in-stable-hemodialysis-patients
#5
Sunny Eloot, Wim Van Biesen, Sanne Roels, Willem Delrue, Eva Schepers, Annemieke Dhondt, Raymond Vanholder, Griet Glorieux
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Numerous outcome studies and interventional trials in hemodialysis (HD) patients are based on uremic toxin concentrations determined at one single or a limited number of time points. The reliability of these studies however entirely depends on how representative these cross-sectional concentrations are. We therefore investigated the variability of predialysis concentrations of uremic toxins over time. METHODS: Prospectively collected predialysis serum samples of the midweek session of week 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 8, 12, and 16 were analyzed for a panel of uremic toxins in stable chronic HD patients (N = 18) while maintaining dialyzer type and dialysis mode during the study period...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992939/kidney-function-bone-mineral-metabolism-markers-and-future-risk-of-peripheral-artery-disease
#6
Chao Yang, Lucia Kwak, Shoshana H Ballew, Pranav S Garimella, Bernard G Jaar, Aaron R Folsom, Gerardo Heiss, Elizabeth Selvin, Pamela L Lutsey, Josef Coresh, Kunihiro Matsushita
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Reduced kidney function is a risk factor for lower-extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD). However, the associations of novel filtration markers with PAD are yet to be quantified. Moreover, little is known on whether bone-mineral metabolism (BMM) markers are related to incident PAD beyond kidney function. METHODS: Using data from 12,472 participants at baseline (1990-1992) of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study, we comprehensively quantified the associations of kidney related markers with incident PAD (defined as hospitalizations with diagnosis of lower-extremity atherosclerosis, revascularization, or amputation)...
September 22, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992906/renal-amyloidosis-associated-with-kartagener-syndrome-in-a-dog
#7
Bartolo Celona, Chiara Crinò, Carmelo Bruno, Simona Di Pietro, Elisabetta Giudice
A 4-year-old cocker spaniel, male, of 12kg body weight was presented because of the onset of polyuria or polydipsia. From the first months of its life, the dog had exhibited constant serous to mucopurulent nasal discharge, productive cough, sneezing, reverse sneezing, otitis, and recurrent episodes of fever. The respiratory signs had been treated several times with antibiotics, without ever achieving a complete resolution. Clinical examination revealed normal rectal temperature (38.3°C), increased respiratory rate (40breaths/min), a copious mucous nasal discharge and right deviation of the heart apex beat (ictus cordis)...
June 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992314/nutritional-therapy-reduces-protein-carbamylation-through-urea-lowering-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#8
Biagio R Di Iorio, Stefania Marzocco, Antonio Bellasi, Emanuele De Simone, Fabrizio Dal Piaz, Maria Teresa Rocchetti, Carmela Cosola, Lucia Di Micco, Loreto Gesualdo
Background: Protein carbamylation is one of the non-enzymatic reactions involved in protein molecular ageing. We sought to investigate the relationship between urea levels and protein carbamylation, and whether a Mediterranean diet (MD) and a very low protein diet (VLPD) reduce protein carbamylation through reduction in urea levels in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Methods: This is a prospective, randomized, crossover controlled trial that investigated 60 patients with CKD grades 3B-4 (46 males, mean age of 67 years)...
July 11, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990379/effects-of-neutral-phytase-on-growth-performance-and-phosphorus-utilization-in-crucian-carp-carassius-auratus
#9
Xin-Zheng Nie, Sha Chen, Xiao-Xu Zhang, Bin-Yang Dai, Li-Chun Qian
A feeding trial was conducted for nine weeks to investigate the effects of partially replacing Ca(H2PO4)2 with neutral phytase on the growth performance, phosphorus utilization, nutrient digestibility, serum biochemical parameters, bone and carcass mineral composition, and digestive-enzyme-specific activity in crucian carp (Carassius auratus). The diets prepared with 0.8%, 0%, and 1.8% Ca(H2PO4)2 (1%=1 g/100 g) supplements were regarded as the P1E0, negative control (NC), and positive control (PC) groups, respectively; the other three experimental diets were prepared with the addition of 200, 300, and 500 U/kg of neutral phytase, respectively, based on the P1E0 group...
2017: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980761/parathyroid-nodular-hyperplasia-and-responsiveness-to-drug-therapy-in-renal-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-an-open-question
#10
REVIEW
Carlo Vulpio, Maurizio Bossola
The goal of the pharmacological therapy in secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is to reduce serum levels of parathyroid hormone and phosphorus, to correct those of calcium and vitamin D, to arrest or reverse the parathyroid hyperplasia. However, when nodular hyperplasia or an autonomous adenoma develops, surgery may be indicated. We reviewed the literature with the aim of defining if the echographic criteria predictive of unresponsiveness of SHPT to calcitriol therapy are valid also in the cinacalcet era and if drug therapy may reverse nodular hyperplasia of parathyroid gland (PTG)...
October 5, 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980123/comparison-study-of-bone-defect-healing-effect-of-raw-and-processed-pyritum-in-rats
#11
Xingyu Zhu, Qianqian Gao, Genhua Zhao, Heng Wang, Ling Liu, Zhipeng Chen, Yijun Chen, Li Wu, Zisheng Xu, Weidong Li
To evaluate and compare the effect of raw and processed pyritum on tibial defect healing, 32 male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups. After tibial defect, animals were produced and grouped: sham and control group were orally administrated with distilled water (1 mL/100 g), while treatment groups were given aqueous extracts of raw and processed pyritum (1.5 g/kg) for successive 42 days. Radiographic examination showed that bone defect healing effect of the treatment groups was obviously superior compared to that of the control group...
October 4, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976071/prevalence-of-and-predictive-factor-for-abdominal-aortic-calcification-in-thai-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#12
Dusit Lumlertgul, Surasak Kantachuvesiri, Somboon Apichaiyingyurd, Worapot Treamtrakanpon, Manoch Rattanasompattikul, Pongsathorn Gojaseni, Prasert Thanakitcharu, Thananda Trakarnvanich, Ussanee Poonvivatchaikarn, Kriengsak Vareesangthip
Presence and severity of cardiovascular calcifications strongly predict cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with CKD. This multicenter, cross-sectional study primarily aimed to determine prevalence of abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) detected by plain lateral abdominal radiograph, and secondarily aimed to assess predictive factors for AAC. Patients (N = 1500), aged 18-70 years, with CKD stages 3-5D for ≥3 months prior to evaluation, were enrolled at 24 study centers in Thailand; 54...
October 4, 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975468/effect-of-restricted-protein-diet-supplemented-with-keto-analogues-in-end-stage-renal-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Zheng Jiang, Yi Tang, Lichuan Yang, Xuhua Mi, Wei Qin
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the restricted protein diet supplemented with keto analogues when applied in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). METHODS: The Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, CBM and CENTRAL databases were searched and reviewed up to January 2017. Clinical trials were analyzed using RevMan 5.3 software. RESULTS: Five randomized controlled trials were selected and included in this study according to our inclusion and exclusion criteria...
October 3, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955671/is-decline-rate-of-intact-parathyroid-hormone-level-a-reliable-criterion-for-early-discharge-of-patients-after-total-thyroidectomy
#14
Mohsen Kolahdouzan, Shahab Shahabi Shahmiri, Seyed Mozafar Hashemi, Behrouz Keleidari, Masoud Nazem, Rastin Mohammadi Mofrad
INTRODUCTION: Parathyroid dysfunction leading to symptomatic hypocalcemia is not uncommon following a total thyroidectomy and is often associated with significant patient morbidity and a prolonged hospital stay. The current study aimed at evaluating the comparative predictive role of serum calcium and intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) for post-thyroidectomy hypocalcemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study was performed in 83 consecutive patients undergoing total thyroidectomy...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950016/effects-of-a-standard-high-fat-diet-with-or-without-multiple-deficiencies-on-bone-parameters-in-ovariectomized-mature-rat
#15
Ting Wang, Xiaohuan Zhu, Fang Dai, Chaofei Li, Dake Huang, Zhaohui Fang, Qiu Zhang, Yunxia Lu
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of a standard high fat diet (D12451) with or without vitamin D3, phosphorus, and calcium (i.e., high-fat diet [HFD] or high-fat deficient diet [HFDD]) on the bone parameters of ovariectomized female rats. Six-month-old of female Sprauge Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into six study groups: sham operation with standard chow diet (SSCD), sham operation with a HFD (SHFD), sham operation with a HFDD (SHFDD), ovariectomized (OVX), OVX with a HFD (OVX-HFD), and OVX with a HFDD (OVX-HFDD)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948826/hormonal-and-bone-parameters-in-pubertal-girls
#16
V Cirmanova, I Zofkova, P Kasalicky, V Lanska, M Bayer, L Starka, R Kanceva
Here we analyzed associations between muscles mass, total bone mineral content (BMC), lumbar spine bone density (BMD L1-L4) and serum or urine hormones in healthy peripubertal girls. Total BMC and areal BMD L1-L4, muscle mass and fat were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Muscle force (N) was estimated by a dynamometer. Circulating estradiol, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), 25-hydroxy vitamin D, parathyroid hormone (PTH), insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), leptin, osteocalcin, bone isoenzyme of alkaline phosphatase (bALP) and total calcium and phosphorus were quantified as the nocturnal melatonin and serotonin urinary excretion...
September 26, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943082/nutritional-rickets-in-taiwanese-children-experiences-at-a-single-center
#17
Li-Hsin Chuang, Yi-Ching Tung, Shih-Yao Liu, Cheng-Ting Lee, Huey-Ling Chen, Wen-Yu Tsai
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The number of children with nutritional rickets in Taiwan has increased over the last decade. The aim of this study was to present our experiences in the management of patients with this condition. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 2011 to 2016, 10 children (3 boys and 7 girls) with nutritional rickets were enrolled in this study. Their clinical and biochemical data were analyzed. RESULTS: The median age of the 10 patients was 21 months (range, 12-25 months)...
September 21, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938791/effects-of-a-high-dose-of-microbial-phytase-and-myo-inositol-supplementation-on-growth-performance-tibia-mineralization-nutrient-digestibility-litter-moisture-content-and-foot-problems-in-broiler-chickens-fed-phosphorus-deficient-diets
#18
D Farhadi, A Karimi, Gh Sadeghi, J Rostamzadeh, M R Bedford
A total of 660 one-day-old Ross 308 broiler chicks were randomly distributed into eleven dietary treatments. Treatments included a maize-soybean meal-based diet with recommended calcium (Ca) and non-phytate phosphorus (nPP) (positive control; PC), an nPP-deficient diet (negative control; NC), NC diets supplemented with different levels of phytase (0, 500, 1,000, 2,000, 3,000, 4,000, 5,000, and 6,000 FTU/kg), a NC diet plus 0.15% myo-inositol, and a NC diet with reduced Ca level (Ca to nPP ratio same as PC)...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935141/antioxidative-peptide-from-milk-exhibits-antiosteopenic-effects-through-inhibition-of-oxidative-damage-and-bone-resorbing-cytokines-in-ovariectomized-rats
#19
Sanusi Bello Mada, Srinu Reddi, Naveen Kumar, Rohit Kumar, Suman Kapila, Rajeev Kapila, Ritu Trivedi, Anirudha Karvande, Naseer Ahmad
OBJECTIVES: Oxidative stress has been implicated as a crucial pathogenic factor in the development of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Milk-derived antioxidative peptides are gaining much attention toward the development of prodrugs for alleviating several human diseases, including osteoporosis. The aim of the present study was to determine whether antioxidant peptides are good candidates for alleviating postmenopausal osteoporosis. METHODS: In the present study, an ovariectomized (OVX) osteoporotic rat model was used to investigate the protective effects of buffalo milk casein-derived novel peptide VLPVPQK (PEP) against OVX-induced bone loss and the related mechanisms...
November 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934935/treatment-and-outcomes-of-tumor-induced-osteomalacia-associated-with-phosphaturic-mesenchymal-tumors-retrospective-review-of-12-patients
#20
Qing-Yao Zuo, Hong Wang, Wei Li, Xiao-Hui Niu, Yan-Hong Huang, Jia Chen, Yu-Hua You, Bao-Yue Liu, Ai-Min Cui, Wei Deng
BACKGROUND: Tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO) is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome characterized by severe hypophosphatemia and osteomalacia. Nonspecific symptoms make the diagnosis elusive. In addition, locating the responsible tumor(s) is challenging. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical management and outcomes of TIO. METHODS: The clinical features, diagnostic procedures, treatment, and outcomes of 12 patients were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: The cohort comprised six men and six women (mean age 45...
September 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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