keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

urine calcium

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728874/profile-of-chronic-kidney-disease-related-mineral-bone-disorders-in-newly-diagnosed-advanced-predialysis-diabetic-kidney-disease-patients-a-hospital-based-cross-sectional-study
#1
S Ray, A M Beatrice, A Ghosh, S Pramanik, R Bhattacharjee, S Ghosh, A Raychaudhury, S Mukhopadhyay, S Chowdhury
AIM: Chronic kidney disease related-mineral bone disorder (CKD-MBD) has been poorly studied in pre-dialysis Indian CKD population. There are limited data on the pattern of these disturbances in diabetic CKD patients. Therefore, a study was conducted to find out the profile of mineral bone disorders in T2DM patients with pre-dialysis CKD. METHODS: In this cross-sectional design, diabetic patients with newly-diagnosed stage 4 and 5 CKD were evaluated. Serum levels of calcium, phosphorus, intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), 25 hydroxy vitamin D and total alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were measured in all patients...
July 8, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727654/growth-and-nutritional-biomarkers-of-preterm-infants-fed-a-new-powdered-human-milk-fortifier-a-randomized-trial
#2
Jacques Rigo, Jean-Michel Hascoët, Claude Billeaud, Jean-Charles Picaud, Fabio Mosca, Amandine Rubio, Elie Saliba, Michaël Radkë, Umberto Simeoni, Bernard Guillois, Virginie de Halleux, Jonathan Jaeger, Laurent Ameye, Nicholas P Hays, Johannes Spalinger
OBJECTIVES: Assess growth and nutritional biomarkers of preterm infants fed human milk (HM) supplemented with a new powdered HM fortifier (nHMF) or a control HM fortifier (cHMF). The nHMF provides similar energy content, 16% more protein (partially hydrolyzed whey), and higher micronutrient levels than the cHMF, along with medium-chain triglycerides and docosahexaenoic acid. METHODS: In this controlled, multicenter, double-blind study, a sample of preterm infants ≤32 weeks or ≤1500 g were randomized to receive nHMF (n = 77) or cHMF (n = 76) for a minimum of 21 days...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723285/case-244-systemic-amyloidosis-a-complication-of-waldenstr%C3%A3-m-macroglobulinemia
#3
Maja Hrabak-Paar, Marko Kralik
History A 68-year-old man was admitted to the hospital for work-up because of generalized fatigue, anorexia, chronic diarrhea, and weight loss. Laboratory work-up revealed an erythrocyte sedimentation rate of 58 mm/h (reference range, 3-23 mm/h), a hemoglobin level of 14.1 g/dL (reference range, 13.8-17.5 g/dL), a leukocyte count of 8.1 × 10(9)/L (reference range, [3.4-9.7] × 10(9)/L), a platelet count of 223 × 10(9)/L (reference range, [158-424] × 10(9)/L), an alkaline phosphatase level of 85 U/L (1.42 μkat/L) (normal level, <142 U/L [2...
August 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720369/metabolic-work-up-of-patients-with-urolithiasis-indications-and-diagnostic-algorithm
#4
REVIEW
Hans-Göran Tiselius, Michel Daudon, Kay Thomas, Christian Seitz
CONTEXT: The incidence of urinary tract stone disease is increasing and the risk of recurrent stone formation is high. Appropriate therapeutic procedures with the aim of counteracting the progress of stone formation are highly desirable. Metabolic work-up is considered essential as a base for optimal design and follow-up of effective recurrence prevention. OBJECTIVE: To scrutinize the current literature with regard to principles of metabolic work-up for this heterogeneous group of patients...
February 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707190/novel-porcine-model-for-calcium-oxalate-stone-formation
#5
Brandon P Trojan, Sara J Trojan, Andrew Navetta, Bryce Staches, Bryan Sutton, Stephanie Filleur, Thomas Nelius
BACKGROUND: Mechanisms for calcium-based stone formation are not clearly delineated. Porcine are the most anatomically and physiologically congruent mammal to humans. Our objectives were to develop a cost-effective and easily reproducible porcine model for the study of calcium-based nephrolithiasis. METHODS: Crossbred male pigs (n = 16) were assigned randomly to one of the following treatments: (1) control; (2) ethylene glycol (EG) + vitamin D (VD); (3) EG + ammonium chloride (AC); (4) EG + gentamicin (G); (5) EG + Lasix; (6) EG + VD + AC; (7) EG + VD + G...
July 13, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705575/can-a-simplified-12-hour-night-time-urine-collection-predict-urinary-stone-risk
#6
Bryan D Hinck, Vishnuvardhan Ganesan, Sarah Tarplin, John Asplin, Ignacio Granja, Juan Calle, Sri Sivalingam, Manoj Monga
OBJECTIVES: To determine if there is correlation between night time 12-hour and traditional 24-hour urine collection in regards to chemistry values and the super-saturations of calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate, and uric acid for the metabolic evaluation of nephrolithiasis. METHODS: 95 patients were prospectively enrolled from 2013-2015. Patients >18 years of age who presented to a tertiary stone clinic and who would normally be counseled for 24-hour urine collection were eligible for the study...
July 10, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704395/intraperitoneal-pyrophosphate-treatment-reduces-renal-calcifications-in-npt2a-null-mice
#7
Daniel Caballero, Yuwen Li, Jonathan Fetene, Julian Ponsetto, Alyssa Chen, Chuanlong Zhu, Demetrios T Braddock, Clemens Bergwitz
Mutations in the proximal tubular sodium-dependent phosphate co-transporters NPT2a and NPT2c have been reported in patients with renal stone disease and nephrocalcinosis, however the relative contribution of genotype, dietary calcium and phosphate, and modifiers of mineralization such as pyrophosphate (PPi) to the formation of renal mineral deposits is unclear. In the present study, we used Npt2a-/- mice to model the renal calcifications observed in these disorders. We observed elevated urinary excretion of PPi in Npt2a-/- mice when compared to WT mice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690207/hypophosphatemia-after-hepatectomy-or-pancreatectomy-role-of-the-nicotinamide-phosphoribosyltransferase
#8
Jian Zheng, Ilya G Glezerman, Eran Sadot, Anjuli McNeil, Cristina Zarama, Mithat Gönen, John Creasy, Linda M Pak, Vinod P Balachandran, Michael I D'Angelica, Peter J Allen, Ronald P DeMatteo, T Peter Kingham, William R Jarnagin, Edgar A Jaimes
BACKGROUND: Postoperative hypophosphatemia is common and is associated with a lower risk of liver failure after hepatectomy but higher morbidity after pancreatectomy. Whether different physiologic mechanisms underlie the hypophosphatemia associated with these very different clinical outcomes is unclear. This study aims to evaluate the underlying mechanism in postoperative hypophosphatemia. STUDY DESIGNS: We prospectively enrolled 120 patients who underwent major hepatectomy (n=30), minor hepatectomy (n=30), pancreatectomy (n=30), and laparotomy without resection (control group, n=30)...
July 6, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689648/clinical-and-genetic-characterization-of-chinese-pediatric-cystine-stone-patients
#9
Luming Shen, Xiaoming Cong, Xin Zhang, Ninghong Wang, Ping Zhou, Yan Xu, Qingyi Zhu, Xiaojian Gu
INTRODUCTION: Cystine stone is the only clinical manifestation in patients with cystinuria, which is an autosomal recessive inheritable disease. However, clinical and genetic data vary among patients in different countries. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics of Chinese pediatric cystine stone patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirteen pediatric patients with cystine stones were evaluated in our clinic between 2012 and 2015. Gene mutations in SLC3A1 and SLC7A9 were investigated...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683791/in-vivo-administration-of-urolithin-a-and-b-prevents-the-occurrence-of-cardiac-dysfunction-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#10
Monia Savi, Leonardo Bocchi, Pedro Mena, Margherita Dall'Asta, Alan Crozier, Furio Brighenti, Donatella Stilli, Daniele Del Rio
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests that specific (poly)phenols may constitute new preventative strategies to counteract cell oxidative stress and myocardial tissue inflammation, which have a key role in the patho-physiology of diabetic cardiomyopathy. In a rat model of early diabetes, we evaluated whether in vivo administration of urolithin A (UA) or urolithin B (UB), the main gut microbiota phenolic metabolites of ellagitannin-rich foods, can reduce diabetes-induced microenvironmental changes in myocardial tissue, preventing cardiac functional impairment...
July 6, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683234/long-term-bone-health-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-a-pilot-study
#11
Fiona Jackson Cook, Ila Khanna, Jennifer Giordano, Laura Matarese, Suzanne Hudson
OBJECTIVE: This cross sectional study was undertaken to assess metabolic bone disease by examining bone mineral density (BMD), fracture prevalence, and nutritional factors pertinent to bone in a cohort >9 years post Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). METHODS: Fifty one subjects 9.4-36.0 years (mean 17.0 +8.1) post RYGB provided a focused history. Dietary calcium and protein were assessed. Dual energy X ray absorptiometry (DXA) BMD at the spine, hip, and radius and routine serum chemistries, magnesium, phosphorus, parathyroid hormone, vitamin D, vitamin K, and micronutrients were analyzed...
July 6, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679474/a-comparison-of-micro-perc-and-retrograde-intrarenal-surgery-results-in-pediatric-patients-with-renal-stones
#12
Haluk Sen, Ilker Seckiner, Omer Bayrak, Kazim Dogan, Sakip Erturhan
INTRODUCTION: With advancements in endoscopic surgery, open surgical techniques for urinary system stones have paved the way for the application of less invasive treatment modalities in patients with pediatric kidney stone disease. These treatment options include extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), and retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS). OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of RIRS and micro-PCNL techniques in the surgical treatment of kidney stones in pediatric patients...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679143/varying-patterns-of-biomarkers-of-mineral-and-bone-metabolism-after-kidney-transplantation
#13
Agnieszka Makówka, Maciej Głyda, Ewa-Rutkowska Majewska, Michał Nowicki
Sclerostin inhibits Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, thereby decreasing bone formation. Osteoblast stimulating actions of parathyroid hormone (PTH) are mediated by suppression of sclerostin. Thus, sclerostin may reflect both bone metabolism and parathyroid function. The study was aimed to analyze the patterns of the changes of mineral and bone biomarkers for 9 months following kidney transplantation (KTx). Thirty-five patients after KTx were included into a 9-month observational study. Serum creatinine, calcium, phosphorus, 25-OH vitamin D, PTH, fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23), sclerostin, and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BAP) were measured before KTx, and 1, 2 weeks, and 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 9 months thereafter...
July 5, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674042/a-novel-hypokalemic-alkalotic-salt-losing-tubulopathy-in-patients-with-cldn10-mutations
#14
Ernie M H F Bongers, Luke M Shelton, Susanne Milatz, Sjoerd Verkaart, Anneke P Bech, Jeroen Schoots, Elisabeth A M Cornelissen, Markus Bleich, Joost G J Hoenderop, Jack F M Wetzels, Dorien Lugtenberg, Tom Nijenhuis
Mice lacking distal tubular expression of CLDN10, the gene encoding the tight junction protein Claudin-10, show enhanced paracellular magnesium and calcium permeability and reduced sodium permeability in the thick ascending limb (TAL), leading to a urine concentrating defect. However, the function of renal Claudin-10 in humans remains undetermined. We identified and characterized CLDN10 mutations in two patients with a hypokalemic-alkalotic salt-losing nephropathy. The first patient was diagnosed with Bartter syndrome (BS) >30 years ago...
July 3, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673014/the-clinical-characteristics-of-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-in-patients-with-chronic-renal-failure
#15
Hongtao Hu, Shen Xu, Shuang Hu, Weijia Xu, Hua Shui
Few studies have investigated posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF). The present study analyzed the clinical manifestations, laboratory examinations and imaging features of PRES in patients with CRF. A total of 42 patients with CRF with or without PRES were recruited in the current retrospective case-control study. Patient data taken prior to the onset of PRES in patients with CRF and PRES (n=21) were collected and analyzed. At the same time, data from patients with CRF but without PRES (n=21) were also analyzed...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670670/therapeutic-effects-of-aqueous-extracts-of-cerasus-avium-stem-on-ethylene-glycol-induced-kidney-calculi-in-rats
#16
Ehsaneh Azaryan, Mohammad Malekaneh, Maryam Shemshadi Nejad, Fatemeh Haghighi
PURPOSE: To investigate the therapeutic effects of the aqueous extract of Cerasus Avium stem on kidney calculi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental study, forty-eight (48) male Wistar rats were randomly allocated into six (6) groups and were studied during a 30 day period. Group A served as normal control and Group B received 1% ethylene glycol in drinking water (EG group). C, D, E, and F Groups, received 1% ethylene glycol from day 1 and were used as prevention and treatment subjects...
July 2, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667925/serum-fibroblast-growth-factor-23-concentrations-in-dogs-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#17
Keren E Dittmer, Kalyani C Perera, Peter A Elder
The aim of this study was to determine if serum fibroblast growth factor (FGF23) concentrations were increased in dogs with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Serum samples submitted to a commercial laboratory were collected over a 15-month period, 14 samples were from dogs with a history of polyuria/polydipsia, azotaemia and low urine specific gravity, 20 samples were from non-azotaemic dogs. Serum FGF23, parathyroid hormone, total calcium and phosphorus, urea and creatinine were measured. Mann-Whitney test was used to determine differences between non-azotaemic and CKD groups; a one-way ANOVA with Tukey pairwise comparisons was used to determine any differences between International Renal Interest Society stages; and regression models were used to determine predictors of International Renal Interest Society stage, serum phosphorus and FGF23 concentrations...
June 23, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662013/-the-long-term-results-of-the-treatment-of-renal-hypercalciuria-a-report-of-two-cases
#18
Anna Sawicka-Kamińska, Hanna Szymanik-Grzelak, Małgorzata Szymanik-Grzelak
In recent years there can be observed a growing number of cases of urolithialis, both in children and in adults. Many pathogenic mechanisms of forming stones have been recognized and there is possible profounder diagnostics. Facing increasing problem of urolithialis in children, it is necessary to seek all possible causes of the disease to prevent forming stones, relapses and its further consequences. In most cases it is possible to diagnose metabolic abnormalities, of which the most frequent is hypercalciuria (excessive excretion of calcium in urine)...
June 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660848/effects-of-rapeseed-meal-fiber-content-on-phosphorus-and-calcium-digestibility-in-growing-pigs-fed-diets-without-or-with-microbial-phytase
#19
M Bournazel, M Lessire, M J Duclos, M Magnin, N Même, C Peyronnet, E Recoules, A Quinsac, E Labussière, A Narcy
The optimization of dietary phosphorus (P) and calcium (Ca) supply requires a better understanding of the effect of dietary fiber content of co-products on the digestive utilization of minerals. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of dietary fiber content from 00-rapeseed meal (RSM) on P and Ca digestibility throughout the gastrointestinal tract in growing pigs fed diets without or with microbial phytase. In total, 48 castrated male pigs (initial BW=36.1±0.4 kg) were housed in metabolic crates for 29 days...
June 29, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660195/a-dairy-herd-case-investigation-with-very-low-dietary-cation-anion-difference-in-prepartum-dairy-cows
#20
Pedro Melendez, Scott Poock
During the periparturient period, subclinical hypocalcemia (total plasma Ca concentration <2.0 mmol/l) is a potential problem for the dairy cow; consequently, its prevention is essential for success of fertility and productive performance. Dietary cation-anion difference (DCAD) has been defined as the difference in milliequivalents of cations (Na, K) and anions (Cl, S) per kilogram of dry matter (DM) and has a direct impact on blood acid-base metabolism. Diets rich in K and Na induce metabolic alkalosis, interfering with tissue sensitivity to parathyroid hormone, and diets rich in Cl and S (anionic salts) cause metabolic acidosis, reducing the risk of hypocalcemia...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
keyword
keyword
41057
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"