keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

anatomy physiology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733849/novel-pacing-strategies-for-heart-failure-management
#1
REVIEW
Jordan S Leyton-Mange, Theofanie Mela
Cardiac resynchronization therapy has emerged as the gold standard for heart failure patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction and electrical dyssynchrony from an intrinsic intraventricular conduction delay or right ventricular pacing. However, the limits imposed by the coronary sinus venous anatomy restrict the applicability of the technology for many potential recipients. Furthermore, conventional resynchronization, by virtue of utilizing a single site of epicardial origin for left ventricular activation, is non-physiological...
August 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730507/can-we-use-diet-to-effectively-treat-esophageal-disease-a-review-of-the-current-literature
#2
REVIEW
Carolyn Newberry, Kristle Lynch
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Esophageal diseases represent a wide variety of conditions affecting esophageal anatomy, physiology, and motility. Therapy focuses on pharmacotherapy and endoscopic or surgical management. Dietary therapy can be considered in management algorithms for specific esophageal diseases. This review focuses on outlining the literature related to dietary therapy in gastroesophageal reflux disease, eosinophilic esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus, and esophageal adenocarcinoma...
August 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725619/anatomy-and-physiology-of-chronic-scrotal-pain
#3
REVIEW
Abhishek P Patel
This article reviews the anatomy and physiology of the scrotum and its contents as it pertains to chronic scrotal pain. Physiology of chronic pain is reviewed, as well as the pathophysiology involved in the development of chronic pain.
May 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723369/evaluation-and-classification-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-current-concepts-and-future-directions
#4
REVIEW
Nadir I Osman, Vincenzo Li Marzi, Jean N Cornu, Marcus J Drake
CONTEXT: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a common and bothersome problem that frequently requires operative management. Over the past two decades, novel techniques have been introduced into clinical practice. With the greater variety of surgical options now available, there is an increasing focus on selecting the appropriate procedure for the individual patient based on the likely underlying pathophysiologic mechanism. OBJECTIVE: To review the methods used in the evaluation of SUI and the proposed classification systems...
August 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719968/training-of-endoscopy-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#5
Jaihwan Kim
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a key endoscopy skill used to diagnose and treat pancreatobiliary diseases. However, its diagnostic use is decreasing in favor of other less invasive methods such as magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography and endoscopic ultrasound. Alternatively, its use has become more important in the therapeutic area. ERCP trainees must know the anatomy and physiology of the pancreatobiliary system, several key basic skills, and complications of a successful procedure...
July 13, 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715319/cad-based-virtual-humans-design-and-safety-assessment-of-mri-coils
#6
Gregory M Noetscher, Nicholas D Maino, Patrick Lacroix, Marc Horner, Sara Louie
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a ubiquitous tool used in clinical settings around the world to provide detailed three-dimensional information on the internal anatomy and physiology of human patients without the use of ionizing radiation, which is the primary safety concern associated with computed tomography. This information is obtained noninvasively and can be used in the diagnosis of pathological conditions as well as the monitoring of treatments.
July 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706811/surgical-technique-for-arthroscopy-assisted-anatomical-reconstruction-of-acromioclavicular-and-coracoclavicular-ligaments-using-autologous-hamstring-graft-in-chronic-acromioclavicular-joint-dislocations
#7
Bancha Chernchujit, Prashant Parate
Injuries to the acromioclavicular (AC) joint are becoming common with contact sports and bike accidents. It is well known that in AC dislocations, the first structure to fail is the AC capsule followed by the trapezoid and conoid ligaments. The function of these ligaments must be restored to restore the anatomy and physiology of the AC joint to get the best results. Until now, no technique has emerged as the gold standard for restoration of the AC joint anatomy and function. In our technique, the stress is on recreating the anatomy to make it more individualized based on individual variations...
June 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706270/comprehensive-multi-dimensional-mri-for-the-simultaneous-assessment-of-cardiopulmonary-anatomy-and-physiology
#8
Joseph Y Cheng, Tao Zhang, Marcus T Alley, Martin Uecker, Michael Lustig, John M Pauly, Shreyas S Vasanawala
Diagnostic testing often assesses the cardiovascular or respiratory systems in isolation, ignoring the major pathophysiologic interactions between the systems in many diseases. When both systems are assessed currently, multiple modalities are utilized in costly fashion with burdensome logistics and decreased accessibility. Thus, we have developed a new acquisition and reconstruction paradigm using the flexibility of MRI to enable a comprehensive exam from a single 5-15 min scan. We constructed a compressive-sensing approach to pseudo-randomly acquire highly subsampled, multi-dimensionally-encoded and time-stamped data from which we reconstruct volumetric cardiac and respiratory motion phases, contrast-agent dynamics, and blood flow velocity fields...
July 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706116/training-standards-in-neuroendovascular-surgery-program-accreditation-and-practitioner-certification
#9
REVIEW
Arthur L Day, Adnan H Siddiqui, Philip M Meyers, Tudor G Jovin, Colin P Derdeyn, Brian L Hoh, Howard Riina, Italo Linfante, Osama Zaidat, Aquilla Turk, Jay U Howington, J Mocco, Andrew J Ringer, Erol Veznedaroglu, Alexander A Khalessi, Elad I Levy, Henry Woo, Robert Harbaugh, Steven Giannotta
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Neuroendovascular surgery is a medical subspecialty that uses minimally invasive catheter-based technology and radiological imaging to diagnose and treat diseases of the central nervous system, head, neck, spine, and their vasculature. To perform these procedures, the practitioner needs an extensive knowledge of the anatomy of the nervous system, vasculature, and pathological conditions that affect their physiology. A working knowledge of radiation biology and safety is essential...
July 13, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705664/complete-atrioventricular-canal-defect-towards-a-more-physiological-repair
#10
A Boutayeb
We describe a more physiological technique of complete atrioventricular septal defect repair which restores normal heart anatomy with the offset between the insertions of the mitral and tricuspid valves. This technique overcomes the drawbacks of the previous approaches, and may improve surgical outcomes, particularly in small infants with high ventricular septal defect component or dextroposed aorta.
June 15, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694679/a-clinical-perspective-on-a-pain-neuroscience-education-approach-to-manual-therapy
#11
Adriaan Louw, Jo Nijs, Emilio J Puentedura
In recent years, there has been an increased interest in pain neuroscience education (PNE) in physical therapy. There is growing evidence for the efficacy of PNE to decrease pain, disability, fear-avoidance, pain catastrophization, limited movement, and health care utilization in people struggling with pain. PNE teaches people in pain more about the biology and physiology of their pain experience including processes such as central sensitization, peripheral sensitization, allodynia, inhibition, facilitation, neuroplasticity and more...
July 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691535/promoting-free-flow-in-the-networks-reimagining-the-body-in-early-modern-suzhou
#12
Volker Scheid
The history of Chinese medicine is still widely imagined in terms dictated by the discourse of modernity, that is as 'traditional' and 'Chinese.' And yet, so as to be intelligible to us moderns, it must simultaneously be framed through categories that make it comparable somehow to the 'West' and the 'modern' from which it is said to be essentially different. This is accomplished, for instance, by viewing Chinese medicine as fundamentally shaped by cosmological thinking, as focusing on process rather than matter, and as forever hampered by attachments to the past even when it tries to innovate...
June 1, 2017: History of Science; An Annual Review of Literature, Research and Teaching
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690795/short-term-effect-of-elevated-co2-concentration-0-5-on%C3%A2-mitochondria-in-diploid-and-tetraploid-black-locust-robinia%C3%A2-pseudoacacia-l
#13
Fuling Xu, Mingquan Jiang, Fanjuan Meng
Recent increases in atmospheric CO 2 concentration have affected the growth and physiology of plants. In this study, plants were grown with 0.5% CO 2 for 0, 3, and 6 days. The anatomy, fluorescence intensity of H2O2, respiration rate, and antioxidant activities of the mitochondria were analyzed in diploid (2×) and tetraploid (4×) black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.). Exposure to 0.5% CO 2 resulted in clear structural alterations and stomatal closure in the mitochondria. Reduced membrane integrity and increased structural damage were observed in 2× plants at 6 days...
July 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690440/locate-the-lesion-a-project-based-learning-case-that-stimulates-comprehension-and-application-of-neuroanatomy
#14
Michele L Lemons
A fictitious patient, Mr. Challenge, is admitted to the emergency room and displays symptoms consistent with damage to the central nervous system. In this problem-based learning case, students are challenged to determine the location of a lesion that is consistent with Mr. Challenge's symptoms. Students discover details about Mr. Challenge's symptoms while exploring three anatomical pathways: corticospinal tract, spinothalamic tract and medial lemniscal pathway. Students make predictions as to which of these pathways may be damaged in Mr...
2017: Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: JUNE: a Publication of FUN, Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690437/the-use-of-modular-electronic-neuron-simulators-for-neural-circuit-construction-produces-learning-gains-in-an-undergraduate-anatomy-and-physiology-course
#15
Andrew Petto, Zachary Fredin, Joseph Burdo
During the spring of 2016 at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, we implemented a novel educational technology designed to teach undergraduates about the nervous system while allowing them to physically construct their own neural circuits. Modular, electronic neuron simulators called NeuroBytes were used by the students in BIOSCI202 Anatomy and Physiology I, a four-credit course consisting of three hours per week each of lecture and laboratory time. 162 students participated in the laboratory sessions that covered reflexes; 83 in the experimental sections used the NeuroBytes to build a model of the patellar tendon reflex, while 79 in the control sections participated in alternate reflex curricula...
2017: Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: JUNE: a Publication of FUN, Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687516/reconstructing-anatomy-from-electro-physiological-data
#16
J D López, F Valencia, G Flandin, W Penny, G R Barnes
Here we show how it is possible to make estimates of brain structure based on MEG data. We do this by reconstructing functional estimates onto distorted cortical manifolds parameterised in terms of their spherical harmonics. We demonstrate that both empirical and simulated MEG data give rise to consistent and plausible anatomical estimates. Importantly, the estimation of structure from MEG data can be quantified in terms of millimetres from the true brain structure. We show, for simulated data, that the functional assumptions which are closer to the functional ground-truth give rise to anatomical estimates that are closer to the true anatomy...
July 4, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686810/self-calibrated-correlation-imaging-with-k-space-variant-correlation-functions
#17
Yu Li, Masoud Edalati, Xingfu Du, Hui Wang, Jie J Cao
PURPOSE: Correlation imaging is a previously developed high-speed MRI framework that converts parallel imaging reconstruction into the estimate of correlation functions. The presented work aims to demonstrate this framework can provide a speed gain over parallel imaging by estimating k-space variant correlation functions. METHODS: Because of Fourier encoding with gradients, outer k-space data contain higher spatial-frequency image components arising primarily from tissue boundaries...
July 7, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683906/diagnostic-and-treatment-dilemmas-of-the-aortic-arch
#18
REVIEW
Dawn S Hui, Fernando Fleischman
Endovascular approaches to the aortic arch are challenged by unique anatomy and physiology of this area. Simple application of conventional endovascular technology and technique for abdominal or descending thoracic aortic disease to the aortic arch is insufficient to achieve effective and durable repairs. Appreciation of these challenges has led to developments in endovascular technology as well as complex strategies to deal with individual patient anatomy that hold the potential for continued improved outcomes in both the short and the long term...
August 2017: Cardiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681042/biology-of-teeth-and-implants-the-external-environment-biology-of-structures-and-clinical-aspects
#19
F-Michael Eggert, Liran Levin
For the past several thousand years, until development of the titanium dental implant, only a few missing teeth were replaced successfully in a very small number of individuals. Nowadays, placement of dental implants has become sufficiently commonplace that there is a need to interchange information between what we know about periodontal health and disease and what we know about health and disease involving dental implants. This review discusses the similarities and differences between teeth and dental implants with regards to anatomy, biology, physiology, and pathologic processes...
July 4, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676358/anatomy-and-physiology-of-the-pelvic-floor
#20
REVIEW
Sarah M Eickmeyer
Understanding the anatomic relationship of the pelvic floor muscles with the pelvic girdle, spine, and hips aids the rehabilitation provider in diagnosis, management, and appropriate referrals. The bony anatomy of the pelvic girdle consists of 3 bones and 3 joints. The pelvic floor muscles are comprised mainly of the levator ani muscles with somatic innervation from the lumbosacral plexus. The bony and muscular pelvis is highly interconnected to the hip and gluteal musculature, which together provide support to the internal organs and core muscles...
August 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
keyword
keyword
41056
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"