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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691791/does-religiosity-reduce-narcissistic-personality-disorder-examining-the-case-of-muslim-university-students
#1
Muhammad Ayub Buzdar, Riaz Ul Haq Tariq, Hina Jalal, Mohammad Nadeem
The purpose of this study was to examine the influences of religiousness on the prevalence of Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) among young adults. Prevalence of three forms of Allportian religious orientation, three forms of quest religious orientation and seven symptoms of NPD were examined through self-reported measures. 618 randomly selected Muslim students from the four public sector Pakistani universities participated in the study. Three research instruments comprising Religious Orientation Scale developed by Gorsuch and McPherson, Quest Scale developed by Batson and Schoenrade and Narcissistic Personality Inventory developed by Raskin and Terry were used to collect the data...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609984/evaluating-the-role-of-functional-impairment-in-personality-psychopathology
#2
Jennifer K Boland, Tatjana Damnjanovic, Jaime L Anderson
DSM-5's Section III Alternative Model for Personality Disorder (AMPD) model states that an individual must show impairment in self and interpersonal functioning for PD diagnosis. The current study investigated dimensional personality trait associations with impairment, including differential patterns of impairment across specific PDs, and whether traits have improved our assessment of functional impairment in PDs. Two-hundred and seventy-seven participants were administered measures of Antisocial PD, Avoidant PD, Borderline PD, Narcissistic PD, Obsessive-Compulsive PD, and Schizotypal PD from the perspectives of Section II (PDQ-4) and Section III (PID-5) PD models, as well as measures of functional impairment in interpersonal and intrapersonal domains...
March 22, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595015/-update-on-developemental-dyspraxia-in-children
#3
N Boxus, C Denis, W Pitchot
After having explained what is dyspraxia, we will briefly talk about narcissistic issues related to school term. Indeed, the defensive tools used by children to deal with learning disabilities are varied and not much specific, which will complicate the medical approach. Then we will describe the symptoms that are specific to search in the history and the first clinic appointment in cases of suspected dyspraxia. Finally, we will give details of how we must consider the exploration and the multidisciplinary taking over of the disorder...
March 2018: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522621/-adolescence-addictive-disorders-and-psychopathology-between-the-brain-systems-of-reward-and-the-self-regulation
#4
Alfredo Ortiz-Frágola
The author analyzes certain aspects of the psychopathology of addictions in adolescence, from a psychoanalytical and neurobiological point of view. Within the feld of present psychopathology we frequently fnd problems related with use and abuse of substances, particularly in adolescent therapy. Impulsivity, violence, marginalization, and primitive phantasies appear in the setting along with the functioning of the "addictive brain". Several aspects of vulnerability in adolescence, like depressive symptoms or narcissistic unbalance are connected with two basic principles in addiction: 1) drugs as a mean of obtaining pleasure, and 2) drugs as self regulators...
May 2017: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475056/dysfunctional-personality-disorder-beliefs-and-lifetime-suicide-attempts-among-psychiatrically-hospitalized-military-personnel
#5
Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway, Su Yeon Lee-Tauler, Jessica M LaCroix, Rebecca Kauten, Kanchana Perera, Rusan Chen, Jennifer Weaver, Alyssa Soumoff
BACKGROUND: Personality disorders (PDs) are associated with an increased risk for suicide. However, the association between PDs and suicide risk has not been examined among military personnel. This study evaluated whether endorsement of different PD dysfunctional beliefs was associated with lifetime suicide attempt status. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Cross-sectional data were collected during the baseline phase of a randomized controlled trial, evaluating the efficacy of an inpatient cognitive behavior therapy protocol for the prevention of suicide...
April 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466803/grandiose-and-vulnerable-narcissism-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#6
Sebastian Euler, Dominik Stöbi, Julia Sowislo, Franziska Ritzler, Christian G Huber, Undine E Lang, Johannes Wrege, Marc Walter
BACKGROUND: Little is known about narcissistic traits in borderline personality disorder (BPD). This exploratory study aimed to illustrate the associations between total, grandiose, and vulnerable narcissism and gender, diagnostic features of BPD and narcissistic personality disorder (NPD), and psychopathology in BPD patients. SAMPLING AND METHODS: The Pathological Narcissism Inventory and psychometric measures for impulsivity, anger, borderline symptom severity, personality organization, depression, and rejection sensitivity were completed by 65 BPD patients...
February 21, 2018: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455443/narcissistic-implications-in-gambling-disorder-the-mediating-role-of-emotion-dysregulation
#7
Guyonne Rogier, Patrizia Velotti
Gambling Disorder (GD) is a complex psychopathology involving a numbers of cognitive, behavioral, emotional and neurobiological determinants. Previous research suggests that GD may frequently co-occur with Narcissistic Personality Disorder. However, there is still a lack of study investigating Pathological Narcissism (PN) in both its vulnerable and grandiose facets among clinical population. Moreover, emotional dysregulation is commonly thought to underlie GD albeit research on this topic remains poor. The present study aims to investigate the role of both vulnerable and grandiose narcissism in relation to GD as well as the mediator role played by emotion dysregulation in such link...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395871/clinically-significant-personality-traits-in-individuals-at-high-risk-of-developing-psychosis
#8
Julia Sevilla-Llewellyn-Jones, Gustavo Camino, Debra A Russo, Michelle Painter, Angel L Montejo, Susana Ochoa, Peter B Jones, Jesus Perez
It is still unclear to what extent personality may influence the development of psychosis. We aimed to explore significant personality traits in individuals at high-risk (HR) for psychosis. Personalities of forty HR individuals and a matched sample of 40 healthy volunteers (HVs) were evaluated with the Millon Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI-III). They were also assessed with the Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale (PANSS), Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories (BDI-II and BAI), Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) and Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI 6...
March 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373967/personality-dimensions-emerging-during-adolescence-and-young-adulthood-are-underpinned-by-a-single-latent-trait-indexing-impairment-in-social-functioning
#9
Ela Polek, Peter B Jones, Pasco Fearon, Jeannette Brodbeck, Michael Moutoussis, Nspn Consortium, Ray Dolan, Peter Fonagy, Edward T Bullmore, Ian M Goodyer
BACKGROUND: Personality with stable behavioural traits emerges in the adolescent and young adult years. Models of putatively distinct, but correlated, personality traits have been developed to describe behavioural styles including schizotypal, narcissistic, callous-unemotional, negative emotionality, antisocial and impulsivity traits. These traits have influenced the classification of their related personality disorders. We tested if a bifactor model fits the data better than correlated-factor and orthogonal-factor models and subsequently validated the obtained factors with mental health measures and treatment history...
January 26, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323512/informant-assessment-the-informant-five-factor-narcissism-inventory
#10
Joshua R Oltmanns, Cristina Crego, Thomas A Widiger
A series of self-report measures of personality disorder from the perspective of the five-factor model (FFM) have been published; however, no informant-report versions have been developed. An informant version of the Five Factor Narcissism Inventory (FFNI) is particularly apt, given the degree of distortion in self-description inherent to narcissism. The present study provides initial validation for the Informant Five-Factor Narcissism Inventory (IFFNI). In Study 1, informant reports from friends, romantic partners, parents, and other family members were compared with self-reports provided by undergraduate college students on the IFFNI, FFM personality, and social dysfunction...
January 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296086/brain-functional-integration-an-epidemiologic-study-on-stress-producing-dissociative-phenomena
#11
Raffaele Sperandeo, Vincenzo Monda, Giovanni Messina, Marco Carotenuto, Nelson Mauro Maldonato, Enrico Moretto, Elena Leone, Vincenzo De Luca, Marcellino Monda, Antonietta Messina
Dissociative phenomena are common among psychiatric patients; the presence of these symptoms can worsen the prognosis, increasing the severity of their clinical conditions and exposing them to increased risk of suicidal behavior. Personality disorders as long duration stressful experiences may support the development of dissociative phenomena. In 933 psychiatric outpatients consecutively recruited, presence of dissociative phenomena was identified with the Dissociative Experience Scale (DES). Dissociative phenomena were significantly more severe in the group of people with mental disorders and/or personality disorders...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291575/examining-sex-differences-in-dsm-iv-tr-narcissistic-personality-disorder-symptom-expression-using-item-response-theory-irt
#12
Nicolas Hoertel, Hugo Peyre, Pierre Lavaud, Carlos Blanco, Christophe Guerin-Langlois, Margaux René, Jean-Pierre Schuster, Cédric Lemogne, Richard Delorme, Frédéric Limosin
The limited published literature on the subject suggests that there may be differences in how females and males experience narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) symptoms. The aim of this study was to use methods based on item response theory to examine whether, when equating for levels of NPD symptom severity, there are sex differences in the likelihood of reporting DSM-IV-TR NPD symptoms. We conducted these analyses using a large, nationally representative sample from the USA (n=34,653), the second wave of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC)...
December 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240823/facebook-addiction-disorder-fad-among-german-students-a-longitudinal-approach
#13
Julia Brailovskaia, Jürgen Margraf
The present study aimed to investigate Facebook Addiction Disorder (FAD) in a German student sample over a period of one year. While mean FAD level did not increase during the investigation period, a significant increase was shown in the number of participants reaching the critical cutoff score. FAD was significantly positively related to the personality trait narcissism and to negative mental health variables (depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms). Furthermore, FAD fully mediated the significant positive relationship between narcissism and stress symptoms, which demonstrates that narcissistic people can be specifically at risk to develop FAD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215903/clinician-ratings-of-vulnerable-and-grandiose-narcissistic-features-implications-for-an-expanded-narcissistic-personality-disorder-diagnosis
#14
Kasey Stanton, Mark Zimmerman
Conceptualizations of narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (American Psychiatric Association, 2013) have been criticized for focusing too exclusively on grandiose narcissistic traits (e.g., exploitativeness and entitlement) and failing to capture vulnerable narcissistic features (e.g., feelings of inadequacy). We extended prior grandiose and vulnerable narcissism research by examining the degree to which clinician ratings of traits related to grandiosity overlapped with traits related to vulnerability in a large sample of adult outpatients (N = 2,149)...
December 7, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200428/low-empathy-like-behaviour-in-male-mice-associates-with-impaired-sociability-emotional-memory-physiological-stress-reactivity-and-variations-in-neurobiological-regulations
#15
Giovanni Laviola, Francesca Zoratto, Danilo Ingiosi, Valentina Carito, Damien Huzard, Marco Fiore, Simone Macrì
Deficits in empathy have been proposed to constitute a hallmark of several psychiatric disturbances like conduct disorder, antisocial and narcissistic personality disorders. Limited sensitivity to punishment, shallow or deficient affect and reduced physiological reactivity to environmental stressors have been often reported to co-occur with limited empathy and contribute to the onset of antisocial phenotypes. Empathy in its simplest form (i.e. emotional contagion) is addressed in preclinical models through the evaluation of the social transmission of emotional states: mice exposed to a painful stimulus display a higher response if in the presence of a familiar individual experiencing a higher degree of discomfort, than in isolation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154601/on-studying-narcissism-in-personality-inventories-rather-than-the-narcissistic-personality-inventory-reply-to-miller-and-lynam-2017
#16
Andrea Fossati, Antonella Somma, Serena Borroni, Kristian E Markon
Miller and Lynam's (2017) commentary proved to be very helpful in clarifying that ralerting-CV and rcontrast-CV coefficient values reported in our study indicated that the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) yielded a trait profile much more closely aligned with expert ratings of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th edition; DSM-IV) narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) than did other measures. The commentary gives us the opportunity to make it clear that our study was designed to demonstrate the clinical usefulness of Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) domain and trait scales in profiling pathological narcissism...
November 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154600/a-passionate-call-for-dispassionate-conclusion-comment-on-fossati-et-al-2016
#17
Joshua D Miller, Donald R Lynam
In a recent article published by Fossati and colleagues (2016a, 2016b), the authors compared the empirical profiles derived from correlating measures of narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) with a measure of the 25 personality disorder traits included in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013) to an expert-rated profile of NPD. The initial data, which included some mistakes, were interpreted as indicating comparable performance across all three self-report measures of narcissism and NPD, including two hotly debated measures, the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) and the Pathological Narcissism Inventory (PNI)...
November 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994473/preliminary-thoughts-on-the-neurobiology-of-innate-unconscious-structures-and-the-psychodynamics-of-language-acquisition
#18
Susan Mizen
This paper builds upon Britton's recent writing on 'models in the mind', in which he gives an account of preverbal metaphoric structures based on object relations (Britton 2015). These correspond with Jung's theory of innate unconscious structures. These innate models are considered alongside current linguistic theory following Chomsky and post-Chomskyan views about language acquisition. Neuroscience evidence linking language and abstract thinking with structures involved in tool use are presented. The implications of these findings, and our understanding of the relational context within which language, metaphor and abstract thought are acquired, will be discussed along with the failures of symbolization and verbal communication common amongst those with severe narcissistic disorders...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972814/examining-the-incremental-utility-of-dsm-5-section-iii-traits-and-impairment-in-relation-to-traditional-personality-disorder-scores-in-a-female-correctional-sample
#19
Chelsea E Sleep, Dustin B Wygant, Joshua D Miller
Personality disorders (PDs) are challenging to assess and are associated with great individual and societal costs. In response to the limitations of categorical models, the DSM-5 included an alternative model (i.e., Section III), which uses impairment (Criterion A) and pathological traits (Criterion B) to diagnose PDs. Although numerous studies have illustrated dimensional trait models' ability to capture personality psychopathology, less attention has been paid to personality impairment. The present investigation sought to examine Criterion A's ability to contribute incrementally to the prediction of antisocial (ASPD), borderline (BPD), and narcissistic personality disorders (NPD), and Interpersonal-Affective (F1) and Impulsive-Antisocial (F2) features of psychopathy...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956087/a-compromise-solution-between-overlapping-and-overlooking-dsm-personality-disorders-in-chinese-psychiatric-practice
#20
SuoYu Zhu, TianHong Zhang, ChengQing Yang, YanYan Wei, LiHua Xu, JunJie Wang, Annabelle Chow, XiaoHua Liu, KaiDa Jiang, ZePing Xiao, Hui Zhou, JiJun Wang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the overlaps between the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-5 (DSM-5) Personality Disorders (PDs) in a high-risk clinical population and to explore a transitional model for implementing DSM-5 PDs. METHOD: A sample population of 982 outpatients with at least one diagnosed PD was selected from 3,075 outpatients of the Shanghai Mental Health Center. The diagnostic process comprised of a personality diagnostic questionnaire and a structured clinical interview...
January 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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