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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323512/informant-assessment-the-informant-five-factor-narcissism-inventory
#1
Joshua R Oltmanns, Cristina Crego, Thomas A Widiger
A series of self-report measures of personality disorder from the perspective of the five-factor model (FFM) have been published; however, no informant-report versions have been developed. An informant version of the Five Factor Narcissism Inventory (FFNI) is particularly apt, given the degree of distortion in self-description inherent to narcissism. The present study provides initial validation for the Informant Five-Factor Narcissism Inventory (IFFNI). In Study 1, informant reports from friends, romantic partners, parents, and other family members were compared with self-reports provided by undergraduate college students on the IFFNI, FFM personality, and social dysfunction...
January 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296086/brain-functional-integration-an-epidemiologic-study-on-stress-producing-dissociative-phenomena
#2
Raffaele Sperandeo, Vincenzo Monda, Giovanni Messina, Marco Carotenuto, Nelson Mauro Maldonato, Enrico Moretto, Elena Leone, Vincenzo De Luca, Marcellino Monda, Antonietta Messina
Dissociative phenomena are common among psychiatric patients; the presence of these symptoms can worsen the prognosis, increasing the severity of their clinical conditions and exposing them to increased risk of suicidal behavior. Personality disorders as long duration stressful experiences may support the development of dissociative phenomena. In 933 psychiatric outpatients consecutively recruited, presence of dissociative phenomena was identified with the Dissociative Experience Scale (DES). Dissociative phenomena were significantly more severe in the group of people with mental disorders and/or personality disorders...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291575/examining-sex-differences-in-dsm-iv-tr-narcissistic-personality-disorder-symptom-expression-using-item-response-theory-irt
#3
Nicolas Hoertel, Hugo Peyre, Pierre Lavaud, Carlos Blanco, Christophe Guerin-Langlois, Margaux René, Jean-Pierre Schuster, Cédric Lemogne, Richard Delorme, Frédéric Limosin
The limited published literature on the subject suggests that there may be differences in how females and males experience narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) symptoms. The aim of this study was to use methods based on item response theory to examine whether, when equating for levels of NPD symptom severity, there are sex differences in the likelihood of reporting DSM-IV-TR NPD symptoms. We conducted these analyses using a large, nationally representative sample from the USA (n=34,653), the second wave of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC)...
December 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240823/facebook-addiction-disorder-fad-among-german-students-a-longitudinal-approach
#4
Julia Brailovskaia, Jürgen Margraf
The present study aimed to investigate Facebook Addiction Disorder (FAD) in a German student sample over a period of one year. While mean FAD level did not increase during the investigation period, a significant increase was shown in the number of participants reaching the critical cutoff score. FAD was significantly positively related to the personality trait narcissism and to negative mental health variables (depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms). Furthermore, FAD fully mediated the significant positive relationship between narcissism and stress symptoms, which demonstrates that narcissistic people can be specifically at risk to develop FAD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215903/clinician-ratings-of-vulnerable-and-grandiose-narcissistic-features-implications-for-an-expanded-narcissistic-personality-disorder-diagnosis
#5
Kasey Stanton, Mark Zimmerman
Conceptualizations of narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (American Psychiatric Association, 2013) have been criticized for focusing too exclusively on grandiose narcissistic traits (e.g., exploitativeness and entitlement) and failing to capture vulnerable narcissistic features (e.g., feelings of inadequacy). We extended prior grandiose and vulnerable narcissism research by examining the degree to which clinician ratings of traits related to grandiosity overlapped with traits related to vulnerability in a large sample of adult outpatients (N = 2,149)...
December 7, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200428/low-empathy-like-behaviour-in-male-mice-associates-with-impaired-sociability-emotional-memory-physiological-stress-reactivity-and-variations-in-neurobiological-regulations
#6
Giovanni Laviola, Francesca Zoratto, Danilo Ingiosi, Valentina Carito, Damien Huzard, Marco Fiore, Simone Macrì
Deficits in empathy have been proposed to constitute a hallmark of several psychiatric disturbances like conduct disorder, antisocial and narcissistic personality disorders. Limited sensitivity to punishment, shallow or deficient affect and reduced physiological reactivity to environmental stressors have been often reported to co-occur with limited empathy and contribute to the onset of antisocial phenotypes. Empathy in its simplest form (i.e. emotional contagion) is addressed in preclinical models through the evaluation of the social transmission of emotional states: mice exposed to a painful stimulus display a higher response if in the presence of a familiar individual experiencing a higher degree of discomfort, than in isolation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154601/on-studying-narcissism-in-personality-inventories-rather-than-the-narcissistic-personality-inventory-reply-to-miller-and-lynam-2017
#7
Andrea Fossati, Antonella Somma, Serena Borroni, Kristian E Markon
Miller and Lynam's (2017) commentary proved to be very helpful in clarifying that ralerting-CV and rcontrast-CV coefficient values reported in our study indicated that the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) yielded a trait profile much more closely aligned with expert ratings of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th edition; DSM-IV) narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) than did other measures. The commentary gives us the opportunity to make it clear that our study was designed to demonstrate the clinical usefulness of Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) domain and trait scales in profiling pathological narcissism...
November 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154600/a-passionate-call-for-dispassionate-conclusion-comment-on-fossati-et-al-2016
#8
Joshua D Miller, Donald R Lynam
In a recent article published by Fossati and colleagues (2016a, 2016b), the authors compared the empirical profiles derived from correlating measures of narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) with a measure of the 25 personality disorder traits included in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013) to an expert-rated profile of NPD. The initial data, which included some mistakes, were interpreted as indicating comparable performance across all three self-report measures of narcissism and NPD, including two hotly debated measures, the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) and the Pathological Narcissism Inventory (PNI)...
November 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994473/preliminary-thoughts-on-the-neurobiology-of-innate-unconscious-structures-and-the-psychodynamics-of-language-acquisition
#9
Susan Mizen
This paper builds upon Britton's recent writing on 'models in the mind', in which he gives an account of preverbal metaphoric structures based on object relations (Britton 2015). These correspond with Jung's theory of innate unconscious structures. These innate models are considered alongside current linguistic theory following Chomsky and post-Chomskyan views about language acquisition. Neuroscience evidence linking language and abstract thinking with structures involved in tool use are presented. The implications of these findings, and our understanding of the relational context within which language, metaphor and abstract thought are acquired, will be discussed along with the failures of symbolization and verbal communication common amongst those with severe narcissistic disorders...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972814/examining-the-incremental-utility-of-dsm-5-section-iii-traits-and-impairment-in-relation-to-traditional-personality-disorder-scores-in-a-female-correctional-sample
#10
Chelsea E Sleep, Dustin B Wygant, Joshua D Miller
Personality disorders (PDs) are challenging to assess and are associated with great individual and societal costs. In response to the limitations of categorical models, the DSM-5 included an alternative model (i.e., Section III), which uses impairment (Criterion A) and pathological traits (Criterion B) to diagnose PDs. Although numerous studies have illustrated dimensional trait models' ability to capture personality psychopathology, less attention has been paid to personality impairment. The present investigation sought to examine Criterion A's ability to contribute incrementally to the prediction of antisocial (ASPD), borderline (BPD), and narcissistic personality disorders (NPD), and Interpersonal-Affective (F1) and Impulsive-Antisocial (F2) features of psychopathy...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956087/a-compromise-solution-between-overlapping-and-overlooking-dsm-personality-disorders-in-chinese-psychiatric-practice
#11
SuoYu Zhu, TianHong Zhang, ChengQing Yang, YanYan Wei, LiHua Xu, JunJie Wang, Annabelle Chow, XiaoHua Liu, KaiDa Jiang, ZePing Xiao, Hui Zhou, JiJun Wang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the overlaps between the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-5 (DSM-5) Personality Disorders (PDs) in a high-risk clinical population and to explore a transitional model for implementing DSM-5 PDs. METHOD: A sample population of 982 outpatients with at least one diagnosed PD was selected from 3,075 outpatients of the Shanghai Mental Health Center. The diagnostic process comprised of a personality diagnostic questionnaire and a structured clinical interview...
September 27, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853004/sex-specific-issues-in-eating-disorders-a-clinical-and-psychopathological-investigation
#12
Stefano Valente, Giulia Di Girolamo, Martina Forlani, Anna Biondini, Paolo Scudellari, Diana De Ronchi, Anna Rita Atti
OBJECTIVE: To highlight the characteristics of eating disorders (ED) in males, with particular attention to sex-related clinical features and psychiatric co-morbidities. METHOD: Out of 280 persons, referred to our outpatients ED clinic between January 2011 and June 2014, 267 with complete information were included in this retrospective observational study. RESULTS: The men/women ratio was one to five (male 16.5% vs female 83.5%) with an increasing proportion of male patients over the years...
December 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783573/vulnerable-narcissism-is-associated-with-severity-of-depressive-symptoms-in-dysthymic-patients
#13
Leire Erkoreka, Bárbara Navarro
Pathological narcissism involves grandiose and vulnerable presentations. Narcissism, and specifically the vulnerable presentation, has been associated to depression, although empirical research studying this relationship is limited. Dysthymia is characterized by a greater treatment resistance and poorer prognosis than other chronic depressive disorders. The presence of dysfunctional personality traits may explain it. We aim to explore the association between vulnerable narcissistic traits and severity of depressive symptoms in a sample of dysthymic patients...
July 30, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767013/narcissistic-personality-disorder-in-clinical-health-psychology-practice-case-studies-of-comorbid-psychological-distress-and-life-limiting-illness
#14
Elizabeth L Kacel, Nicole Ennis, Deidre B Pereira
Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) is characterized by a persistent pattern of grandiosity, fantasies of unlimited power or importance, and the need for admiration or special treatment. Individuals with NPD may experience significant psychological distress related to interpersonal conflict and functional impairment. Research suggests core features of the disorder are associated with poor prognosis in therapy, including slow progress to behavioral change, premature patient-initiated termination, and negative therapeutic alliance...
July 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758884/clinical-characteristics-of-comorbid-narcissistic-personality-disorder-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#15
Susanne Hörz-Sagstetter, Diana Diamond, John F Clarkin, Kenneth N Levy, Michael Rentrop, Melitta Fischer-Kern, Nicole M Cain, Stephan Doering
This study examines psychopathology and clinical characteristics of patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and comorbid narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) from two international randomized controlled trials. From a combined sample of 188 patients with BPD, 25 also fulfilled criteria for a comorbid diagnosis of NPD according to DSM-IV. The BPD patients with comorbid NPD, compared to the BPD patients without comorbid NPD, showed significantly more BPD criteria (M = 7.44 vs. M = 6.55, p < ...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735709/interpersonal-problems-across-levels-of-the-psychopathology-hierarchy
#16
Jeffrey M Girard, Aidan G C Wright, Joseph E Beeney, Sophie A Lazarus, Lori N Scott, Stephanie D Stepp, Paul A Pilkonis
We examined the relationship between psychopathology and interpersonal problems in a sample of 825 clinical and community participants. Sixteen psychiatric diagnoses and five transdiagnostic dimensions were examined in relation to self-reported interpersonal problems. The structural summary method was used with the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems Circumplex Scales to examine interpersonal problem profiles for each diagnosis and dimension. We built a structural model of mental disorders including factors corresponding to detachment (avoidant personality, social phobia, major depression), internalizing (dependent personality, borderline personality, panic disorder, posttraumatic stress, major depression), disinhibition (antisocial personality, drug dependence, alcohol dependence, borderline personality), dominance (histrionic personality, narcissistic personality, paranoid personality), and compulsivity (obsessive-compulsive personality)...
November 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703260/-publish-amp-perish-research-on-research-and-researchers
#17
J K Tijdink
In the last years many people have questioned the reliability of research results and the societal relevance of much of today's clinical research; they are critical too about the current publication culture in which scientists are judged according to the number of articles they have published, impact factors and citations.<br/> AIM: To make a close study of the publication culture that now prevails in the Dutch biomedical sciences. <br/> METHOD: Discussion of results described in the thesis entitled 'Publish and Perish; research on research and researchers'...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680639/subtypes-of-borderline-personality-disorder-patients-a-cluster-analytic-approach
#18
Maaike L Smits, Dine J Feenstra, Dawn L Bales, Jasmijn de Vos, Zwaan Lucas, Roel Verheul, Patrick Luyten
BACKGROUND: The borderline personality disorder (BPD) population is notably heterogeneous, and this has potentially important implications for intervention. Identifying distinct subtypes of patients may represent a first step in identifying which treatments work best for which individuals. METHODS: A cluster-analysis on dimensional personality disorder (PD) features, as assessed with the SCID-II, was performed on a sample of carefully screened BPD patients (N = 187) referred for mentalization-based treatment...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631972/an-analysis-of-self-the-development-and-assessment-of-a-measure-of-selfobject-needs
#19
Eamonn Arble, Douglas Barnett
Based on the psychoanalysis of adults with borderline and narcissistic personality disorder symptoms, Kohut ( 1971 , 1977, 1980, 1984) formulated a theory of self psychology that emphasized the importance of early developmental experiences; most centrally, the empathic attunement of caregivers as key ingredients for fostering the capacity for healthy self-regulation and interpersonal relations. Kohut elaborated 3 critical selfobject needs (i.e., idealizing, mirroring, and twinship) that were ideally satiated by these early experiences, deeming the fulfillment of these needs as essential for developing a healthy sense of self...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581327/countertransference-when-working-with-narcissistic-personality-disorder-an-empirical-investigation
#20
Annalisa Tanzilli, Laura Muzi, Elsa Ronningstam, Vittorio Lingiardi
Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is one of the most challenging clinical syndromes to treat in psychotherapy, especially due to the difficulties of establishing a good enough therapist-patient relationship. Countertransference responses to NPD can be particularly intense, frustrating, and difficult to manage, as is often reported in the clinical literature though not clearly supported empirically. The aims of this study were to (a) investigate the relationship between patients' NPD and therapists' responses; (b) examine the associations between patient, clinician, therapy variables and clinicians' reactions during treatment of NPD patients; and (c) provide an empirically derived portrait of countertransference with NPD...
June 2017: Psychotherapy
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