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memory block, difficulty retrieving words

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26453976/electrophysiological-evidence-for-strategically-orienting-retrieval-toward-the-specific-age-of-a-memory
#1
Jeffrey D Johnson, Anna K McGhee
For over a century, memory researchers have extensively studied the differences between retrieving memories that were encoded in the remote past as opposed to recently. Although this work has largely focused on the changes that these memory traces undergo over time, an unexplored issue is whether retrieval attempts and other strategic processes might be differentially oriented in order to effectively access memories of different ages. The current study addressed this issue by instructing participants to retrieve words that were encoded either one week (remote) or about 30 minutes earlier (recent)...
November 2015: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24368264/road-work-on-memory-lane-functional-and-structural-alterations-to-the-learning-and-memory-circuit-in-adults-born-very-preterm
#2
Piergiorgio Salvan, Seán Froudist Walsh, Matthew P G Allin, Muriel Walshe, Robin M Murray, Sagnik Bhattacharyya, Philip K McGuire, Steven C R Williams, Chiara Nosarti
Very preterm (VPT) birth is considered a risk factor not only for neurological impairment, but also for reduced function in several cognitive domains in childhood and later in life. Individuals who were born VPT are more likely to demonstrate learning and memory difficulties compared to term-born controls. These problems contribute to more VPT-born children repeating grades and underachieving in school. This, in turn, affects their prospects in adult life. Here we aimed to 1) study how the VPT-born adult brain functionally recruited specific areas during learning, i...
November 15, 2014: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9118195/effect-of-multiple-presentations-of-words-on-event-related-potential-and-reaction-time-repetition-effects-in-alzheimer-s-patients-and-young-and-older-controls
#3
COMPARATIVE STUDY
V A Kazmerski, D Friedman
The hallmark symptom in probable Alzheimer's disease (PAD) is dramatic difficulty in storing and/or retrieving new information on tests of explicit or direct memory. However, in many studies of implicit or indirect memory, these same patients show repetition-priming magnitudes (i.e., facilitation of performance on the basis of previous experience) similar to that of normal controls. Recent studies of repetition priming have shown that PAD subjects have an intact event-related potential (ERP) repetition effect, which is thought to index indirect memory functioning...
January 1997: Neuropsychiatry, Neuropsychology, and Behavioral Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/7171921/the-assessment-of-children-with-specific-reading-difficulties-dyslexia-using-the-british-ability-scales
#4
M E Thomson
The use of the British Ability Scales with children having specific reading difficulties is described. Eighty-three children aged eight to 16 years were given a number of subtests from the British Ability Scales, and their performance on each subtest compared to every other subtest. The children were also divided into three age groups and developmental differences observed. Based on T scores the children scored significantly less well on Speed of Information Processing, Immediate and Delayed Visual Recall, Recall of Digits, Basic Arithmetic and Word Reading across all the age ranges, when compared to the other abilities...
November 1982: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/6827037/an-example-of-age-associated-interference-in-memorizing
#5
A E Schonfield, H Davidson, H Jones
The study compared young and old intellectually superior individuals (mean ages 22.8 and 68.8) on Brown-Peterson memory tasks. Each trial required recall of four words following 15 seconds of backward counting, with a final recognition test for words in a 4-trial block. Each person participated in a switch and nonswitch condition of a Wickens paradigm--unchanged category membership of quadruplets for nonswitch and trial 4 change for switch. Usual recall loss from trial 2 onwards and recovery on trial 4 after a switch was found in both age groups, but significantly lower recall was shown by the old on trial 3 and also on trial 4 in the nonswitch condition...
March 1983: Journal of Gerontology
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