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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671118/application-of-computer-aided-tongue-inspection-for-preliminary-screening-of-esophageal-cancer
#1
Jin-Long Duan, Bo Deng, Guo-Hui Song, Zhi-Feng Chen, Yan-Wei Gong, Yu-Hua He, Li-Qun Jia
OBJECTIVE: To differentiate patients with esophageal cancer or premalignant lesions from the high-risk population for preliminary screening of esophageal cancer using a feature index determined by a computer-aided tongue information acquisition and processing system (DS01-B). METHODS: Totally, 213 patients diagnosed with esophageal cancer or premalignant lesions and 2,840 normal subjects were collected including primarily screened and reexamined, all of them were confirmed with histological examinations...
April 17, 2018: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667626/eus-fna-in-cystic-pancreatic-lesions-where-are-we-now-and-where-are-we-headed-in-the-future
#2
REVIEW
Jose Lariño-Noia, Julio Iglesias-Garcia, Daniel de la Iglesia-Garcia, J Enrique Dominguez-Muñoz
EUS-FNA is often performed in the evaluation of Cystic Pancreatic Lesions (CPL) for a better preoperative characterization. The objective is to identify premalignant lesions as Mucinous Cystic Neoplasms, and/or a malignant transformation of them (adenocarcinoma). The role of cytological evaluation in this setting is discouraging and intracystic markers analysis, mainly CEA, lacks of a good specificity for the detection of mucinous neoplasms. New devices and approaches have emerged to overcome these problems as the cytology brush (Echobrush), the small mini-biopsy foceps, the cystoscopy and the needle Confocal LASER Endomicroscopy (nCLE), showing in some studies good rates of accuracy for distinguishing among mucinosus and non-mucinous neoplasms...
March 2018: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664967/role-of-il-23-signaling-in-the-progression-of-premalignant-oral-lesions-to-cancer
#3
Blaine Caughron, Yi Yang, M Rita I Young
Mice bearing carcinogen-induced premalignant oral lesions were previously shown to have a pro-inflammatory phenotype, which is replaced with an immune inhibitory phenotype as lesions progress to cancer. Since Th17 cells are prominent at the premalignant lesion state and their levels are supported by IL-23, studies used mice that were IL-23 receptor deficient (IL-23R KO) to determine the requirement for IL-23 signaling in the immunological and clinical status of mice with premalignant oral lesions. The results showed a dependence on IL-23 signaling for the pro-inflammatory state of mice with oral lesions as levels of IL-2, IFN-γ, IL-6, IL-17 and TNF-α were elevated in wildtype mice with premalignant oral lesions, but not in IL-23R KO mice...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664741/primary-vaginal-gastric-type-adenocarcinoma-and-vaginal-adenosis-exhibiting-gastric-differentiation-report-of-a-series-with-detailed-immunohistochemical-analysis
#4
Richard Wing-Cheuk Wong, Michelle Moore, Karen L Talia, Raji Ganesan, W Glenn McCluggage
So-called gastric-type adenocarcinoma and related premalignant lesions have been characterized in the cervix, but similar lesions are not widely recognized in the vagina. We report a series of 11 vaginal glandular lesions exhibiting gastric differentiation, comprising 5 cases of adenocarcinoma and 6 of adenosis. All cases occurred in adults (aged 33 to 69) with no known history of diethylstilboestrol exposure. The vaginal adenocarcinomas exhibited morphologic features identical to gastric-type adenocarcinoma of the cervix, but 1 case additionally demonstrated basaloid and sarcomatoid components, which have not been previously reported in cervical gastric-type adenocarcinoma...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662196/tocopherols-inhibit-esophageal-carcinogenesis-through-attenuating-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation-and-cxcr3-mediated-inflammation
#5
Hui Yang, Miao Xu, Fang Lu, Qiannan Zhang, Yongquan Feng, Chung S Yang, Ning Li, Xudong Jia
Esophageal cancer is one of the common causes of cancer mortality in the world. The predominant histological subtype, esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), often results in poor prognosis due to the lack of effective approaches for the early diagnosis and treatment, highlighting the need for preventive intervention against this disease. Here we report that dietary tocopherols significantly prevents esophageal carcinogenesis by inhibiting the activation of NF-κB and the subsequent interaction of chemokine CXCL9/10/11 with their receptor CXCR3 in ESCC induced by N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine (NMBA) in murine models...
April 17, 2018: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660164/high-grade-panin-presenting-with-localized-stricture-of-the-main-pancreatic-duct-a-clinicopathological-and-molecular-study-of-10-cases-suggests-a-clue-for-the-early-detection-of-pancreatic-cancer
#6
Masataka Yokode, Masayuki Akita, Kohei Fujikura, Mi-Ju Kim, Yukiko Morinaga, Seiichi Yoshikawa, Takuro Terada, Hiroshi Matsukiyo, Takuma Tajiri, Shiho Abe-Suzuki, Tomoo Itoh, Seung-Mo Hong, Yoh Zen
AIMS: This study aimed to identify the pathological features of high-grade PanIN that presents with imaging-detectable abnormalities. METHODS AND RESULTS: Ten cases of isolated, main-duct, high-grade PanIN as the primary clinical presentation were identified. All patients presented with stenosis of the main pancreatic duct, with 2 being associated with extensive upstream duct dilatation (>5 mm in diameter). Pancreatic juice cytology suggested adenocarcinoma in all 7 cases examined...
April 16, 2018: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658052/reduced-%C3%AE-glcnac-glycosylation-on-gastric-gland-mucin-is-a-biomarker-of-malignant-potential-for-gastric-cancer-barrett-s-adenocarcinoma-and-pancreatic-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Kazuhiro Yamanoi, Jun Nakayama
Gastric gland mucin secreted from pyloric gland cells, mucous neck cells, and cardiac gland cells of the gastric mucosa harbors unique O-glycans carrying terminal α1,4-linked N-acetylglucosamine residues (αGlcNAc), which are primarily attached to the scaffold mucin core protein MUC6. αGlcNAc acts as an antibiotic against Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), a microbe causing gastric cancer. In addition, mice deficient in A4gnt, which encodes the enzyme α1,4-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (α4GnT) that catalyzes αGlcNAc biosynthesis, spontaneously develop gastric differentiated-type adenocarcinoma, even if not infected by H...
April 16, 2018: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656948/management-update-of-potentially-premalignant-oral-epithelial-lesions
#8
REVIEW
Michael Awadallah, Matthew Idle, Ketan Patel, Deepak Kademani
The term oral potentially malignant disorders, proposed at the World Health Organization workshop in 2005, has now been renamed potentially premalignant oral epithelial lesions (PPOELs). It is important to differentiate among PPOELs, which is a broad term to define a wide variety of clinical lesions, and oral epithelial dysplasia, which should be reserved specifically for lesions with biopsy-proven foci of dysplasia. PPOELs encompass lesions that include leukoplakia, erythroplakia, erythroleukoplakia, lichen planus, and oral submucous fibrosis...
March 23, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656214/study-of-virulence-factor-of-candida-species-in-oral-lesions-and-its-association-with-potentially-malignant-and-malignant-lesions
#9
Graciela Del Valle Castillo, Silvia López de Blanc, Claudia Elena Sotomayor, Ana Isabel Azcurra
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the association between malignant and premalignant lesions and the virulence factor profile of Candida spp. recovered from different oral lesions. DESIGN: Candida spp. isolated from malignant lesions (squamous cell carcinoma, OC, n = 25), atypical lichen planus (AL, n = 11), chronic candidiasis (CC, n = 25), and asymptomatic carriers (WI, n = 15, control strains.) Isolates were identified in chromogenic medium, colony morphology and biochemical tests...
February 19, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616906/diagnostic-pathway-of-oral-cavity-cancer-in-an-integrated-health-care-system
#10
Kevin H Wang, Brian H Song, Jason E Gilde, Jeanne A Darbinian, Miranda L Ritterman Weintraub, Tara J Wu, Eleanor L Yang, James W Salazar, Deepak Gurushanthaiah
CONTEXT: Survival for patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC) has remained relatively stagnant despite advances in treatment. Few studies have examined why advanced-stage disease is diagnosed in 40% of patients with OCSCC nationally. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the diagnostic pathway of OCSCC in an integrated health care system. DESIGN: Retrospective study of patients with OCSCC (2007-2010). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Referral patterns and demographic, clinical, and tumor characteristics associated with time to diagnosis (diagnostic interval)...
March 30, 2018: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601789/comparative-evaluation-of-healing-pattern-after-surgical-excision-of-oral-mucosal-lesions-by-using-platelet-rich-fibrin-prf-membrane-and-collagen-membrane-as-grafting-materials-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Monica Mahajan, Mithilesh Kumar Gupta, Chandrashekhar Bande, Vikas Meshram
PURPOSE: To compare the healing potential of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and collagen membranes in oral mucosal healing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty patients with oral premalignant lesions were randomly included in the study and divided in groups A and B. After excising the lesions under local anesthesia, patients in groups A and B underwent grafting with the PRF membrane and the collagen membrane, respectively. Patients were evaluated at postoperative days 7, 15, 30, and 60 for pain, healing, and complications, such as recurrence, fibrosis, scar hypertrophy, and loss of vestibular depth...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600982/variant-of-rare-hermansky-pudlak-syndrome-associated-with-granulomatous-colitis-diagnostics-clinical-course-and-treatment
#12
L Y Lozynska, A Plawski, M R Lozynska, I Vytvytskyi, R Y Lozynskyi, N Prokopchuk, B Tretiak
AIM: To study the relationship between the genotype and the phenotype in the patients with Hermansky - Pudlak syndrome (HPS) associated with granulomatous colitis; to monitor clinical course of the disease for adequate treatment, cancer surveillance and genetic counseling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The diagnosis of HPS is established by physical examination, chest X-ray, computed tomography, endoscopic examination with biopsy, and laboratory tests, including histology, baseline laboratory blood, urine and feces tests, determination of ASCA-C and ANCA antibodies using an ELISA...
March 2018: Experimental Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568203/role-of-relevant-immune-modulators-and-cytokines-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-premalignant-hepatic-lesions
#13
Abdel-Rahman N Zekri, Somaya El Deeb, Abeer A Bahnassy, Abeer M Badr, Mona S Abdellateif, Gamal Esmat, Hosny Salama, Marwa Mohanad, Ahmed Esam El-Dien, Shimaa Rabah, Assmaa Abd Elkader
AIM: To assess the levels of different immune modulators in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), in relation to other hepatic diseases. METHODS: Eighty-eight patients were included in the current study and represented patients with HCC (20), liver cirrhosis (28) and chronic hepatitis (CH; 25), and normal controls (NC; 15). Peripheral blood was isolated for immunophenotyping of active myeloid dendritic cells (mDCs; CD1c and CD40), mature inactive myeloid cells (CD1c and HLA), active plasmacytoid cells (pDCs; CD303 and CD40), mature inactive pDCs (CD30 and HLA), active natural killer (NK) cells (CD56 and CD161), active NK cells (CD56 and CD314) and inactive NK cells (CD56 and CD158) was done by flow cytometry...
March 21, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560696/benign-premalignant-and-malignant-pancreatic-cystic-lesions-the-pathology-landscape
#14
REVIEW
P Demetter, L Verset
Pancreatic cystic lesions are being increasingly detected in last years. Pancreatic cysts can be classified grossly into pseudocysts and true cysts. In the true cysts group, it is important to distinguish mucinous from non-mucinous cysts because the former are considered being premalignant lesions. In this article the major types of pancreatic cysts are reviewed, with emphasis on the histopathological aspects. Molecular markers in the cyst fluid are being increasingly studied in recent years ; the clinical utility of such biomarkers should be addressed in future studies...
April 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553886/estimation-of-the-individual-residual-risk-of-cervical-cancer-after-vaccination-with-the-nonavalent-hpv-vaccine
#15
Karl-Ulrich Petry, Kaatje Bollaerts, Paolo Bonanni, Margaret Stanley, Rosybel Drury, Elmar Joura, Susanne K Kjaer, Chris J L M Meijer, Didier Riethmuller, Benoit Soubeyrand, Pierre Van Damme, Xavier Bosch
BACKGROUND: The nonavalent HPV (9vHPV) vaccine is indicated for active immunisation of individuals from the age of 9 years against cervical, vulvar, vaginal and anal premalignant lesions and cancers causally related to vaccine HPV high risk types 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52 and 58, and to the HPV low risk types 6 and 11, causing genital warts. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the lifetime risk (up to the age of 75 years) for developing cervical cancer after vaccinating a HPV naïve girl (e...
March 19, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552386/spectrum-and-time-resolved-endogenous-multiphoton-signals-reveal-quantitative-differentiation-of-premalignant-and-malignant-gastric-mucosa
#16
Xi Li, Hui Li, Xingzhen He, Tingai Chen, Xianyuan Xia, Chunxia Yang, Wei Zheng
Early identification of premalignant and malignant gastric mucosa is crucial to decrease the incidence and mortality of stomach cancer. Spectrum- and time-resolved multiphoton microscopy are capable of providing not only structural but also biochemical information at the subcellular level. Based on this multidimensional imaging technique, we performed a systematic investigation on fresh human tissue specimens at the typical stages of gastric carcinogenesis, including normal, chronic gastritis with erosion, chronic gastritis with intestinal metaplasia, and intestinal-type adenocarcinoma...
February 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547736/the-presence-of-kras-ppp2r1a-and-arid1a-mutations-in-101-chinese-samples-with-ovarian-endometriosis
#17
Yang Zou, Jiang-Yan Zhou, Jiu-Bai Guo, Li-Qun Wang, Yong Luo, Zi-Yu Zhang, Fa-Ying Liu, Jun Tan, Feng Wang, Ou-Ping Huang
Endometriosis is a potential premalignant disorder. The underlying molecular aberrations, however, are not fully understood. A recent exome sequencing study found that 25% (10/39) of deep infiltrating endometriosis harbored cancer driver gene mutations. However, it is unclear whether these mutations also exist in ovarian endometriosis. Here, a total of 101 ovarian endometriosis samples were analyzed for the presence of these gene mutations, including KRAS, PPP2R1A, PIK3CA and ARID1A. In addition, 6 other cancer-associated genes (BRAF, NRAS, HRAS, ERK1, ERK2 and PTEN) were also analyzed...
March 9, 2018: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546645/subtypes-of-the-type-ii-pit-pattern-reflect-distinct-molecular-subclasses-in-the-serrated-neoplastic-pathway
#18
Hironori Aoki, Eiichiro Yamamoto, Hiro-O Yamano, Tamotsu Sugai, Tomoaki Kimura, Yoshihito Tanaka, Hiro-O Matsushita, Kenjiro Yoshikawa, Ryo Takagi, Eiji Harada, Michiko Nakaoka, Yuko Yoshida, Taku Harada, Gota Sudo, Makoto Eizuka, Akira Yorozu, Hiroshi Kitajima, Takeshi Niinuma, Masahiro Kai, Masanori Nojima, Hiromu Suzuki, Hiroshi Nakase
BACKGROUND: Colorectal serrated lesions (SLs) are important premalignant lesions whose clinical and biological features are not fully understood. AIMS: We aimed to establish accurate colonoscopic diagnosis and treatment of SLs through evaluation of associations among the morphological, pathological, and molecular characteristics of SLs. METHODS: A total of 388 premalignant and 18 malignant colorectal lesions were studied. Using magnifying colonoscopy, microsurface structures were assessed based on Kudo's pit pattern classification system, and the Type II pit pattern was subcategorized into classical Type II, Type II-Open (Type II-O) and Type II-Long (Type II-L)...
March 15, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530477/lessons-learned-from-29-lymphoepithelial-cysts-of-the-pancreas-institutional-experience-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Vincent P Groot, Sameer S Thakker, Georgios Gemenetzis, Michaël Noë, Ammar A Javed, Richard A Burkhart, Behnoud B Noveiry, John L Cameron, Matthew J Weiss, Christopher J VandenBussche, Elliot K Fishman, Ralph H Hruban, Christopher L Wolfgang, Anne Marie Lennon, Jin He
BACKGROUND: Lymphoepithelial cysts (LECs) are rare pancreatic cystic lesions. Since LECs are benign, preoperative diagnosis is important to differentiate from a cystic neoplasm and avoid unnecessary surgery. The aim of this study was to identify clinical, radiographic and cytopathologic features associated with LECs. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients diagnosed with LEC between 1995 and 2017 at our hospital. Clinicopathologic and radiographic imaging features were documented...
March 9, 2018: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528001/nonmelanoma-skin-cancers-in-solid-organ-transplant-recipients-a-single-center-experience
#20
Abbas Albayati, Burak Ozkan, Atilla Adnan Eyuboglu, Ahmet Cagri Uysal, Nilgun Markal Ertas, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: Skin cancers are one of the most common malignancies in solid-organ transplant recipients. Increased age and immunosuppressive drug use are risk factors for posttransplant skin malignancies. We evaluated nonmelanocytic skin cancer incidence and development time in transplant patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed 1833 patients who received kidney, liver, and heart grafts between 1996 and 2016 at Baskent University. We excluded melanocytic skin cancers, premalignant lesions, and benign skin tumors...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
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