keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

premalignant lesion

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242913/long-term-results-of-vermilionectomy-in-malignant-and-premalignant-lower-lip-lesions
#1
Isa Kaya, Mustafa Uslu, Arin Ozturk, Fazil Apaydin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240237/non-isolated-diaphragmatic-hernia-in-simpson-golabi-behmel-syndrome
#2
Karen Chong, Maha Saleh, Marie Injeyan, Ioana Miron, Katherine Fong, Patrick Shannon
OBJECTIVE: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is associated with Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome (SGBS), but few cases diagnosed prenatally have been reported. The aim of this series is to highlight the association of non-isolated CDH with SGBS type I on prenatal ultrasound and emphasize the importance of genetic testing, fetal autopsy and family history in confirming this diagnosis. METHOD: Retrospective review of three cases of SGBS type I in a single tertiary care centre...
December 14, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237960/spritzer-for-diagnostic-cytopathology
#3
Rashmi Metgud, Smitha Naik, Shrikant Patel
BACKGROUND: Exfoliative cytology is an easy, economical, noninvasive, and feasible method for early detection and screening program of any premalignant or malignant lesion. In case of routine cytological procedure, classical Papanicolaou (PAP) stain is widely used while Romanowsky stains are sparingly used. Leishman-Giemsa (LG) cocktail, being a easier, cost effective staining technique, has not been used in exfoliative cytology. Therefore, this pilot study was carried out to compare and contrast the role of LG stain in routine cytological procedure which is very cost-effective, less time-consuming and requires less infrastructural support...
October 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233547/the-developing-spectrum-of-gastric-type-cervical-glandular-lesions
#4
REVIEW
Karen L Talia, W Glenn McCluggage
Adenocarcinoma of the cervix is less common than squamous cell carcinoma, although its relative prevalence is increasing. Oncogenic (high-risk) human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is implicated in the development of approximately 90% of all cervical adenocarcinomas. Of the remaining non-HPV associated tumours, the most frequent is gastric-type adenocarcinoma (GAS), which is recognised by the World Health Organization as a form of mucinous adenocarcinoma of the cervix. Minimal deviation adenocarcinoma (MDA) of mucinous type (adenoma malignum) is considered an extremely well differentiated variant of GAS and is encompassed within the category of GAS...
December 9, 2017: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231248/slurp-1-is-mutated-in-mal-de-meleda-a-potential-molecular-signature-for-melanoma-and-a-putative-squamous-lineage-tumor-suppressor-gene
#5
Christina Bergqvist, Humam Kadara, Lamiaa Hamie, Georges Nemer, Remi Safi, Mirna Karouni, Nadine Marrouche, Ossama Abbas, Divina J Hasbani, Abdul G Kibbi, Dany Nassar, Yutaka Shimomura, Mazen Kurban
BACKGROUND: Mal de Meleda (MDM) is a rare inherited autosomal recessive genodermatosis characterized by palmoplantar keratoderma (PPK) with transgrediens and caused by mutations in the SLURP1 gene. Uncommonly, cutaneous tumors have been found at PPK sites in MDM patients. OBJECTIVE: To study a Middle Eastern family with MDM with both PPK and skin tumors. METHODS: We studied a Middle Eastern (Palestinian) family with clinical features of MDM and cutaneous tumors...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228909/adenocarcinoma-risk-in-gastric-atrophy-and-intestinal-metaplasia-a-systematic-review
#6
Andrew D Spence, Chris R Cardwell, Úna C McMenamin, Blanaid M Hicks, Brian T Johnston, Liam J Murray, Helen G Coleman
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) has a poor prognosis with wide variation in survival rates across the world. Several studies have shown premalignant lesions gastric atrophy (GA) and intestinal metaplasia (IM) influence gastric cancer risk. This systematic review examines all available evidence of the risk of GC in patients with GA or IM and explores the geographical variation between countries. METHODS: EMBASE, MEDLINE, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library were searched for relevant articles published to June 2016 investigating the risk of GC in individuals with GA or IM...
December 11, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223946/-quality-of-the-exo-endocervical-sampling-in-the-prevention-of-uterine-cervix-cancer
#7
Anabela A Angeleri, Lili B Díaz, Gisela Coliva, Fernando Guerra, Luis A Palaoro, Adriana E Rocher
Cervical and vaginal cytology, Papanicolaou test (PAP), is the most effective test for screening of preneoplastic lesions, and cervical cancer prevention. Its sensitivity goes from 50 to 98%, according to different statistics, and this variation is related to the sampling procedure. A satisfactory smear should be taken from the transformation zone, the junction between endocervix and exocervix. According to Bethesda, metaplastic and/or endocervical cells should be observed under the microscope. The traditional PAP smear includes an exo-endocervical sampling using the Ayre spatula; however, only near 50% of the smears are representative of the transformation zone...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217883/squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-skin-after-20-years-of-renal-transplantation
#8
J Poddar, A D Sharma, S Patel, U Suryanarayana
Solid organ transplant recipients are at high risk of developing malignancies due to the prolonged use of immunosuppressant drugs. Squamous cell carcinoma of skin can occur in these patients even after decades of organ transplant. A 45-year-old male underwent renal transplant for end-stage renal disease 23 years ago and was on immunosuppressive drugs since then. The patient was on regular follow-up. Three years back, he developed squamous cell carcinoma of both forearms and hands, which was treated with radiation therapy using 8 MeV electrons, by parallel opposed fields to a dose of 60 Gy/30 fractions...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210820/long-term-proton-pump-inhibitor-ppi-use-and-the-development-of-gastric-premalignant-lesions
#9
Rhoda Redulla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209896/braf-oncogene-induced-senescence-and-the-role-of-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-signaling-in-the-progression-of-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#10
REVIEW
F I Moulana, A A H Priyani, M V C de Silva, R S Dassanayake
Oncogene-induced senescence (OIS) explains the phenomenon of cellular senescence triggered by the action of oncogenes. It is a mechanism adopted by a cell to inhibit progression of benign tumors into malignancy, occurs in premalignant lesions, and is almost never present in malignant lesions. BRAF mutations occur in about 40-45% of all papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs) and of which 99.7% is the BRAFV600E mutation. A unique phenotype of the BRAFV600E mutation is the upregulation of the thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) on thyrocyte membranes...
December 5, 2017: Hormones & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209797/-morphology-of-non-cutaneous-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#11
REVIEW
W Weichert, S Ihrler, M Boxberg, A Agaimy, M Mollenhauer, A Hartmann
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is by far the most frequent malignant tumor in this anatomic region. Today, HNSCC is divided into two morphologically, molecularly and clinically fundamentally different entities: conventional and virus-associated (HPV/EBV) neoplasms. Premalignant lesions of nonvirus-associated HNSCC include conventional leukoplakia, dysplasia and proliferative verrucous hyperplasia with an increasing risk for malignant transformation. The morphology of HNSCC comprises a spectrum of growth patterns...
December 5, 2017: Der Pathologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207716/expression-of-p16ink4a-protein-in-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-and-invasive-carcinoma-of-uterine-cervix
#12
Vatsala Kishore, Anuradha G Patil
Introduction: Cervical cancer still ranks as the most frequent cancer among women in India. Infection with Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) results in precancerous lesions and invasive cervical cancer. Interaction of HPV oncogenic proteins with cellular regulatory proteins leads to upregulation of p16INK4A, a cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor. Therefore, p16INK4A overexpression is a surrogate biomarker of HPV infection making it useful in evaluating HPV associated premalignant and malignant lesions of gynaecological tract...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207712/role-of-her-2-neu-in-premalignant-and-malignant-lesions-of-uterine-cervix
#13
Swasti Bajpai, Seema Awasthi, Shyamoli Dutta, Ankita Mittal, Ashutosh Kumar, Faiyaz Ahmad
Introduction: In light of literature and controversy that exists in various cervical lesions, this prospective study was designed to explore the expression of Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor-2 (HER-2/neu) in the cervical lesions and its correlation with the histopathological grade and type of tumour. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was performed to evaluate HER-2/neu expression as it is the most reliable method of detecting overexpression of HER-2/neu. Aim: To assess the role of HER-2/neu expression in premalignant and malignant lesions of uterine cervix...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199170/what-is-the-long-term-acid-inhibitor-treatment-in-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-what-are-the-potential-problems-related-to-long-term-acid-inhibitor-treatment-in-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-how-should-these-cases-be-followed
#14
İbrahim Hatemi, Sinem Nihal Esatoğlu
The meta-analyses of observational studies (OBS) showed the risk of any fracture and hip fracture slightly increased with proton pump inhibitor (PPI) treatment depending on the dose and regardless of time. This was not observed with histamine-2 receptor antagonists (H2RA). The risk of bacterial overgrowth and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis were increased with PPI therapy, but not with H2RA. In meta-analyses of OBS, a slight increase was observed in the risk of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in the early stages (<1 month) of PPI use and particularly at high doses...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198684/nephrogenic-adenoma-complicating-renal-transplantation-a-case-report-and-discussion
#15
D North, J Jaw, P Hill, S Bateman, N Barraclough, R Langham
Nephrogenic adenoma (NA) is a benign adenomatous lesion of the urinary tract. Long considered to be a rare phenomenon, case series from the renal transplant population suggest that it may be much more common within this group. Although NA is considered to be a lesion with low premalignant potential, hematuria, lower urinary tract symptoms, and recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) are frequently observed in the context of NA. Furthermore, after resection of NA, lesion recurrence and persistent symptoms are frequently observed...
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195691/endoscopic-and-histopathological-analysis-of-incidental-focal-colorectal-18%C3%A2-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-uptake-in-pet-ct-scan-colonoscopic-evaluation-is-warranted
#16
Michael A Valente
BACKGROUND: Unexpected focal colorectal 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake has become a common clinical dilemma. The aim of this study was to identify the clinical significance of incidentally detected colorectal lesions on PET/CT scans by comparing positive PET/CT findings with endoscopic and histopathological analysis. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of a colonoscopy database was reviewed. All patients that underwent colonoscopy secondary to focal incidental uptake on PET/CT were evaluated...
November 11, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195676/alcohol-smoking-and-the-risk-of-premalignant-and-malignant-colorectal-neoplasms
#17
REVIEW
Ifewumi O Fagunwa, Maurice B Loughrey, Helen G Coleman
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer worldwide and has a complex aetiology consisting of environmental and genetic factors. In this review, we evaluate the roles of alcohol and tobacco smoking in colorectal neoplasia. Alcohol intake and tobacco smoking are associated with modest, but significantly, increased risks of CRC, adenomatous and serrated polyps. There is consistent evidence of dose-response relationships for both alcohol and smoking, and risk of these neoplasms. Alcohol and smoking appear to be more strongly associated with colorectal polyp than CRC development, suggesting roles in the initiation of neoplastic growths...
October 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191271/incidental-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm-cystic-or-premalignant-lesions-of-the-pancreas-the-case-for-aggressive-management
#18
REVIEW
Alexander T El Gammal, Jakob R Izbicki
Incidental cystic intrapancreatic lesions are daily findings in abdominal radiology. The discovery of incidental pancreatic lesions is increasingly common with technologic diagnostic advancements. This article provides a perspective and guideline on the clinical management of incidental intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms and cystic or premalignant lesions of the pancreas.
February 2018: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190137/high-risk-gastric-pathology-and-prevalent-autoimmune-diseases-in-patients-with-pernicious-anemia
#19
Jing W Hughes, Brian D Muegge, Garry S Tobin, Marina Litvin, Lulu Sun, Jose B Saenz, C Prakash Gyawali, Janet B McGill
OBJECTIVE: Pernicious anemia (PA) develops from atrophic gastritis due to autoimmune destruction of parietal cells and results in achlorhydria, vitamin B12 and iron deficiencies, anemia, neurologic deficits, and premalignant and malignant stomach lesions. We report the presentation, diagnosis and gastric complications of PA in patients from an endocrinology practice. METHODS: Thirty-four patients (31 female, 3 male) with PA who underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) or gastrectomy were identified...
November 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189063/classification-morphology-molecular-pathogenesis-and-outcome-of-premalignant-lesions-of-the-pancreas
#20
REVIEW
Meredith E Pittman, Rema Rao, Ralph H Hruban
CONTEXT: - Invasive pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma has a greater than 90% mortality rate at 5 years. Understanding noninvasive, curable precursor lesions gives us the best hope for reducing mortality from pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. The 3 pancreatic precursor lesions that have been well studied include intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm, mucinous cystic neoplasm, and pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia. OBJECTIVE: - To give an update on the latest clinical, molecular, and pathologic advances in intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm, mucinous cystic neoplasm, and pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia for the general surgical pathologist...
December 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
keyword
keyword
41022
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"