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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498224/core-training-in-low-back-disorders-role-of-the-pilates-method
#1
Andrew A Joyce, Dana H Kotler
The Pilates method is a system of exercises developed by Joseph Pilates, which emphasizes recruitment and strengthening of the core muscles, flexibility, and breathing, to promote stability and control of movement. Its focus bears similarity to current evidence-based exercise programs for low back disorders. Spinal stability is a function of three interdependent systems, osseoligamentous, muscular, and neural control; exercise addresses both the muscular and neural function. The "core" typically refers to the muscular control required to maintain functional stability...
May 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486863/the-influence-of-the-use-of-ankle-foot-orthoses-on-thorax-spine-and-pelvis-kinematics-during-walking-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#2
Eva Swinnen, Jean-Pierre Baeyens, Benjamin Van Mulders, Julian Verspecht, Marc Degelaen
BACKGROUND: To improve gait function in children with cerebral palsy, ankle-foot orthoses are often prescribed. However, until now, little attention has been devoted to the effect of ankle-foot orthoses on the postural control during walking in children with cerebral palsy. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to compare the differences in thorax, spine, and pelvis movements in children with cerebral palsy during walking barefoot and walking with ankle-foot orthoses. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical study with an intra subject design...
May 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472768/engineering-a-high-affinity-humanized-anti-cd24-antibody-to-target-hepatocellular-carcinoma-by-a-novel-cdr-grafting-design
#3
Fumou Sun, Tong Wang, Jiahao Jiang, Yang Wang, Zhaoxiong Ma, Zhaoting Li, Yue Han, Mingzhu Pan, Jialing Cai, Min Wang, Juan Zhang
Cluster of differentiation 24 (CD24) is a specific surface marker involved in the tumorigenesis and progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, all reported anti-CD24 antibodies are murine ones with inevitable immunogenicity. To address this, a method using both molecular structure and docking-based complementarity determining region (CDR) grafting was employed for humanization. After xenogeneic CDR grafting into a human antibody, three types of canonical residues (in the VL/VH interface core, in the loop foundation, and interaction with loop residues) that support loop conformation and residues involved in the antigenbinding interface were back-mutated...
April 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432739/effect-of-a-4-week-elastic-resistance-band-training-regimen-on-back-kinematics-in-horses-trotting-in-hand-and-on-the-lunge
#4
T Pfau, V Simons, N Rombach, N Stubbs, R Weller
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Training and rehabilitation techniques aiming at improving core muscle strength may result in increased dynamic stability of the equine vertebral column. A system of elastic resistance bands is suggested to provide proprioceptive feedback during motion to encourage recruitment of core abdominal and hindquarter musculature for improved dynamic stability. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the effects of a specific resistance band system on back kinematics during trot in-hand and during lungeing at beginning and end of a 4-week exercise programme...
April 22, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425239/an-8-week-thoracic-spine-stabilization-exercise-program-improves-postural-back-pain-spine-alignment-postural-sway-and-core-endurance-in-university-students-a-randomized-controlled-study
#5
Şeyda Toprak Çelenay, Derya Özer Kaya
BACKGROUND/AIM: To investigate the effects of an 8-week thoracic stabilization exercise program on back pain, spinal alignment, postural sway, and core endurance in university students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: University students were randomly allocated into exercise (n: 28) and control (n: 25) groups. The exercise program was carried out 3 days a week for 8 weeks. Postural pain, spinal alignment, postural sway, and core endurance were assessed via visual analogue scale, Spinal Mouse, Biodex Balance System, and McGill's trunk muscle endurance tests at the baseline and after 8 weeks of training...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413219/contemporary-biopsychosocial-exercise-prescription-for-chronic-low-back-pain-questioning-core-stability-programs-and-considering-context
#6
Peter Stilwell, Katherine Harman
This commentary explores the importance of considering the biopsychosocial model and contextual factors when prescribing exercise. Diverse exercise programs for patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) produce similar outcomes, without one specific exercise protocol demonstrating clear superiority. One clear barrier to positive outcomes is poor exercise adherence. We suggest that there are certain common contextual factors present in all exercise prescription scenarios that may impact adherence and health-related outcomes...
March 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413116/trunk-muscle-emg-during-intermediate-pilates-mat-exercises-in-beginner-healthy-and-chronic-low-back-pain-individuals
#7
Ivye L R Pereira, Bergson Queiroz, Jefferson Loss, César Amorim, Isabel C N Sacco
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the electromyographic pattern of core muscles during intermediate Pilates mat exercises between healthy people and those with low back pain. METHODS: We evaluated healthy participants (n = 19; mean ± standard deviation [SD]: age 28 ± 8 years, body mass 65 ± 10 kg, height 160.0 ± 9.1 cm) and a low back pain group (n = 13; mean ± SD: age 30 ± 9 years, body mass 67 ± 12 kg, height 170.0 ± 6.6 cm). Electromyographic analysis assessed the multifidus, external oblique, internal oblique, and rectus abdominis muscles during classical Pilates exercises (single leg stretch, criss-cross, and dead bug)...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395386/-effects-of-core-stability-training-on-masters-swimmers
#8
Margarete Esser
Background Back pain is a frequent problem for swimmers, especially for Masters swimmers. The cause seems to be insufficient core stability. Objective The goal of this study is to investigate whether specific core musculature training has a positive influence on low back pain and swimmers' perceived performance. Method Two groups (Masters swimmers and a control group) performed a guided 8-week training program. Changes in the core musculature were documented via tests carried out before and after the training program...
April 10, 2017: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186932/descriptive-analysis-of-a-1-1-physiotherapy-outpatient-intervention-post-primary-lumbar-discectomy-one-arm-of-a-small-scale-parallel-randomised-controlled-trial-across-two-uk-sites
#9
A Rushton, A Calcutt, N Heneghan, A Heap, L White, M Calvert, P Goodwin
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of high-quality evidence for physiotherapy post lumbar discectomy. Substantial heterogeneity in treatment effects may be explained by variation in quality, administration and components of interventions. An optimised physiotherapy intervention may reduce heterogeneity and improve patient benefit. The objective was to describe, analyse and evaluate an optimised 1:1 physiotherapy outpatient intervention for patients following primary lumbar discectomy, to provide preliminary insights...
November 9, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171779/trunk-muscle-activity-during-different-variations-of-the-supine-plank-exercise
#10
Joaquin Calatayud, Jose Casaña, Fernando Martín, Markus D Jakobsen, Juan C Colado, Pedro Gargallo, Álvaro Juesas, Víctor Muñoz, Lars L Andersen
BACKGROUND: Exercises providing neuromuscular challenges of the spinal muscles are desired for core stability, which is important for workers with heavy manual labour as well as people recovering from back pain. PURPOSE: This study evaluated whether using a suspended modality increases trunk muscle activity during unilateral or bilateral isometric supine planks. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Twenty university students participated in this cross-sectional study...
April 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042685/lumbopelvic-core-stabilization-exercise-and-pain-modulation-among-individuals-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain
#11
Aatit Paungmali, Leonard H Joseph, Patraporn Sitilertpisan, Ubon Pirunsan, Sureeporn Uthaikhup
BACKGROUND: Lumbopelvic stabilization training (LPST) may provide therapeutic benefits on pain modulation in chronic nonspecific low back pain conditions. This study aimed to examine the effects of LPST on pain threshold and pain intensity in comparison with the passive automated cycling intervention and control intervention among patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain. METHODS: A within-subject, repeated-measures, crossover randomized controlled design was conducted among 25 participants (7 males and 18 females) with chronic nonspecific low back pain...
January 2, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988805/critical-appraisal-of-some-factors-pertinent-to-the-functional-designs-of-the-gas-exchangers
#12
REVIEW
John N Maina
Respiration acquires O2 from the external fluid milieu and eliminates CO2 back into the same. Gas exchangers evolved under certain immutable physicochemical laws upon which their elemental functional design is hardwired. Adaptive changes have occurred within the constraints set by such laws to satisfy metabolic needs for O2, environmental conditions, respiratory medium utilized, lifestyle pursued and phylogenetic level of development: correlation between structure and function exists. After the inaugural simple cell membrane, as body size and structural complexity increased, respiratory organs formed by evagination or invagination: the gills developed by the former process and the lungs by the latter...
March 2017: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913929/-inpatient-multimodal-pain-therapy-additive-value-of-neuromuscular-core-stability-exercises-for-chronic-back-pain
#13
F Giesche, H Streicher, M Maiwald, P Wagner
INTRODUCTION: The medical and healthcare economic burden caused by chronic lumbar back pain (CLBP) requires the use of interdisciplinary treatment approaches. The present study aimed to evaluate whether the effectiveness of inpatient multimodal pain therapy (MPT, operations and procedures (OPS) coding 8-918.02), can be increased by implementing additional neuromuscular core stability exercises (NCSE). MATERIAL AND METHODS: As part of a prospective controlled study, subjects with CLBP (n = 48, 17 males, 58...
December 2, 2016: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857632/comparison-of-2-multimodal-interventions-with-and-without-whole-body-vibration-therapy-plus-traction-on-pain-and-disability-in-patients-with-nonspecific-chronic-low-back-pain
#14
Gianni F Maddalozzo, Brian Kuo, Walker A Maddalozzo, Conner D Maddalozzo, Johnny W Galver
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this secondary data analysis was to compare the effect of 2 multimodal exercise-based physical therapy interventions (one with and one without whole-body vibration [WBV] therapy plus traction) on pain and disability in patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP). METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from 2 distinct samples. One sample was from the Focus on Therapeutic Outcomes Inc. (FOTO) group (n = 55, age 55...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849497/effect-of-lumbar-progressive-resistance-exercise-on-lumbar-muscular-strength-and-core-muscular-endurance-in-soldiers
#15
John M Mayer, John D Childs, Brett D Neilson, Henian Chen, Shane L Koppenhaver, William S Quillen
OBJECTIVES: Low back pain is common, costly, and disabling for active duty military personnel and veterans. The evidence is unclear on which management approaches are most effective. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of lumbar extensor high-intensity progressive resistance exercise (HIPRE) training versus control on improving lumbar extension muscular strength and core muscular endurance in soldiers. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted with active duty U...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849389/core-stability-exercise-versus-general-exercise-for-chronic-low-back-pain
#16
REVIEW
Brian J Coulombe, Kenneth E Games, Elizabeth R Neil, Lindsey E Eberman
Reference: Wang XQ, Zheng JJ, Yu ZW, et al. A meta-analysis of core stability exercise versus general exercise for chronic low back pain. PLoS One. 2012;7(12):e52082. Clinical Questions: Is core stability exercise more effective than general exercise in the treatment of patients with nonspecific low back pain (LBP)? DATA SOURCES:  The authors searched the following databases: China Biological Medicine disc, Cochrane Library, Embase, and PubMed from 1970 through 2011. The key medical subject headings searched were chronic pain, exercise, LBP, lumbosacral region, and sciatica...
January 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797179/free-electrons-to-molecular-bonds-and-back-closing-the-energetic-oxygen-reduction-orr-oxygen-evolution-oer-cycle-using-core-shell-nanoelectrocatalysts
#17
Peter Strasser
Nanomaterial science and electrocatalytic science have entered a successful "nanoelectrochemical" symbiosis, in which novel nanomaterials offer new frontiers for studies on electrocatalytic charge transfer, while electrocatalytic processes give meaning and often practical importance to novel nanomaterial concepts. Examples of this fruitful symbiosis are dealloyed core-shell nanoparticle electrocatalysts, which often exhibit enhanced kinetic charge transfer rates at greatly improved atom-efficiency. As such, they represent ideal electrocatalyst architectures for the acidic oxygen reduction reaction to water (ORR) and the acidic oxygen evolution reaction from water (OER) that require scarce Pt- and Ir-based catalysts...
November 15, 2016: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550759/eclipse-induced-wind-changes-over-the-british-isles-on-the-20-march-2015
#18
S L Gray, R G Harrison
The British Isles benefits from dense meteorological observation networks, enabling insights into the still-unresolved effects of solar eclipse events on the near-surface wind field. The near-surface effects of the solar eclipse of 20 March 2015 are derived through comparison of output from the Met Office's operational weather forecast model (which is ignorant of the eclipse) with data from two meteorological networks: the Met Office's land surface station (MIDAS) network and a roadside measurement network operated by Vaisala...
September 28, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525175/the-efficacy-of-an-eight-week-core-stabilization-program-on-core-muscle-function-and-endurance-a-randomized-trial
#19
Carrie W Hoppes, Aubrey D Sperier, Colleen F Hopkins, Bridgette D Griffiths, Molly F Principe, Barri L Schnall, Johanna C Bell, Shane L Koppenhaver
BACKGROUND: Body armor is credited with increased survival rates in soldiers but the additional axial load may negatively impact the biomechanics of the spine resulting in low back pain. Multiple studies have found that lumbar stabilization programs are superior to generalized programs for patients with chronic low back pain. It is not known if such programs produce objective changes in trunk muscle function with wear of body armor. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: An eight-week core stability exercise program would result in a larger improvement in physical endurance and abdominal muscle thickness than a control intervention...
August 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27475953/core-stability-in-athletes-a-critical-analysis-of-current-guidelines
#20
Klaus Wirth, Hagen Hartmann, Christoph Mickel, Elena Szilvas, Michael Keiner, Andre Sander
Over the last two decades, exercise of the core muscles has gained major interest in professional sports. Research has focused on injury prevention and increasing athletic performance. We analyzed the guidelines for so-called functional strength training for back pain prevention and found that programs were similar to those for back pain rehabilitation; even the arguments were identical. Surprisingly, most exercise specifications have neither been tested for their effectiveness nor compared with the load specifications normally used for strength training...
March 2017: Sports Medicine
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