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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431301/diversity-training-for-the-community-aged-care-workers-a-conceptual-framework-for-evaluation
#1
Arti Appannah, Claudia Meyer, Rajna Ogrin, Sally McMillan, Elizabeth Barrett, Colette Browning
Older Australians are an increasingly diverse population, with variable characteristics such as culture, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, and physical capabilities potentially influencing their participation in healthcare. In response, community aged care workers may need to increase skills and uptake of knowledge into practice regarding diversity through appropriate training interventions. Diversity training (DT) programs have traditionally existed in the realm of business, with little research attention devoted to scientifically evaluating the outcomes of training directed at community aged care workers...
March 23, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429527/balancing-health-care-education-and-patient-care-in-the-uk-workplace-a-realist-synthesis
#2
Sarah Sholl, Rola Ajjawi, Helen Allbutt, Jane Butler, Divya Jindal-Snape, Jill Morrison, Charlotte Rees
CONTEXT: Patient care activity has recently increased without a proportionate rise in workforce numbers, impacting negatively on health care workplace learning. Health care professionals are prepared in part by spending time in clinical practice, and for medical staff this constitutes a contribution to service. Although stakeholders have identified the balance between health care professional education and patient care as a key priority for medical education research, there have been very few reviews to date on this important topic...
April 20, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426522/patient-safety-culture-survey-in-pediatric-complex-care-settings-a-factor-analysis
#3
Amanda J Hessels, Meghan Murray, Bevin Cohen, Elaine L Larson
OBJECTIVES: Children with complex medical needs are increasing in number and demanding the services of pediatric long-term care facilities (pLTC), which require a focus on patient safety culture (PSC). However, no tool to measure PSC has been tested in this unique hybrid acute care-residential setting. The objective of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Nursing Home Survey on Patient Safety Culture tool slightly modified for use in the pLTC setting. METHODS: Factor analyses were performed on data collected from 239 staff at 3 pLTC in 2012...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426306/machine-learning-for-social-services-a-study-of-prenatal-case-management-in-illinois
#4
Ian Pan, Laura B Nolan, Rashida R Brown, Romana Khan, Paul van der Boor, Daniel G Harris, Rayid Ghani
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the positive predictive value of machine learning algorithms for early assessment of adverse birth risk among pregnant women as a means of improving the allocation of social services. METHODS: We used administrative data for 6457 women collected by the Illinois Department of Human Services from July 2014 to May 2015 to develop a machine learning model for adverse birth prediction and improve upon the existing paper-based risk assessment. We compared different models and determined the strongest predictors of adverse birth outcomes using positive predictive value as the metric for selection...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425612/oral-health-programmes-in-indigenous-communities-worldwide-lessons-learned-from-the-field-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#5
Carrie Tsai, Anthony Blinkhorn, Michelle Irving
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review examines the evidence on the effectiveness of programmes that aim to improve the oral health of Indigenous populations worldwide, as well as presents a qualitative analysis to explore the design and implementation of these initiatives. METHODS: MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched. Studies were included if they described an oral health programme for an Indigenous population in any country worldwide. A thematic synthesis of the qualitative findings was undertaken for each study's results and discussion sections...
April 20, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425153/nursing-students-preferences-for-clinical-placements-in-the-residential-aged-care-setting
#6
Emma Lea, Annette Marlow, Erika Altmann, Helen Courtney-Pratt
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine nursing student placement preferences submitted as online comments to a university's placement management system, to inform strategies for positive residential aged care experiences. BACKGROUND: There are predicted shortages of nurses to service an ageing population. Clinical placements undertaken by undergraduate nursing students help shape their attitudes and are a key determinant of career decision-making, yet there is little research about why students prefer particular placement areas...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424766/the-need-for-hematology-nurse-education-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-community-case-study-in-tanzania
#7
Julie M Buser
Hematology-related diseases, such as anemia, malaria, sickle cell disease (SCD), and blood cancers, have differing rates of survival between high-income and low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Nurses in LMICs have an unmet need for specialty training and education to address hematology and hemato-oncology disorders. A gap in the literature exists about hematology nurse education and clinical service demands in LMICs. This community case study documents a collaborative hematology and basic hemato-oncology education program to sustainably strengthen nurse capacity at a national referral hospital and university in Tanzania...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422619/the-role-of-the-school-nurse-in-the-special-education-process-part-i-student-identification-and-evaluation
#8
Catherine F Yonkaitis, Robin A Shannon
Every U.S. student is entitled to a free and appropriate education. School districts must identify and evaluate any child who they find is unable to engage fully in learning as a participant in the general education curriculum. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 2004 requires that these students be assessed by qualified individuals in any areas that may be impacting learning, including health, vision, hearing, social and emotional status, communicative status, and motor abilities. The school nurse, as the health expert, has an important role to play as a member of the special education team in evaluating whether a student has health concerns that are impacting learning and how health barriers to learning might be reduced...
May 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421932/learning-disability-nurse-numbers-heading-in-the-wrong-direction
#9
(no author information available yet)
The UK's record on supporting people with learning disabilities is patchy to say the least. For decades people were housed in inappropriate institutions where abuse was rife, and attempts to improve their lives by delivering better services in the community have come up short because they have not been afforded sufficient priority.
April 19, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421642/how-do-we-know-what-makes-for-best-practice-in-clinical-supervision-for-psychological-therapists-a-content-analysis-of-supervisory-models-and-approaches
#10
Gillian E Hardy, Chloe Simpson-Southward, Glenn Waller
Clinical supervision for psychotherapies is widely used in clinical and research contexts. Supervision is often assumed to ensure therapy adherence and positive client outcomes, but there is little empirical research to support this contention. Regardless, there are numerous supervision models, but it is not known how consistent their recommendations are. This review aimed to identify which aspects of supervision are consistent across models, and which are not. A content analysis of 52 models revealed 71 supervisory elements...
April 19, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421566/precision-global-health-in-the-digital-age
#11
Antoine Flahault, Antoine Geissbuhler, Idris Guessous, Philippe Guérin, Isabelle Bolon, Marcel Salathé, Gérard Escher
Precision global health is an approach similar to precision medicine, which facilitates, through innovation and technology, better targeting of public health interventions on a global scale, for the purpose of maximising their effectiveness and relevance. Illustrative examples include: the use of remote sensing data to fight vector-borne diseases; large databases of genomic sequences of foodborne pathogens helping to identify origins of outbreaks; social networks and internet search engines for tracking communicable diseases; cell phone data in humanitarian actions; drones to deliver healthcare services in remote and secluded areas...
April 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420766/project-accrue-exploring-options-to-increase-awareness-of-aids-malignancy-consortium-clinical-trials-in-north-carolina
#12
Anissa I Vines, Cathy L Melvin, Jaimie C Hunter, Veronica A Carlisle
BACKGROUND Longer lifespans conferred by antiretroviral therapy result in more time exposed to cancer risk for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Given limited diversity in AIDS Malignancy Consortium (AMC) clinical trials, there is need for new approaches to educate PLWHA in order to improve awareness and participation in AMC trials.METHODS With input from a community advisory board, Project ACCRUE (AMC Clinical Trials at Carolina Ramp Up Enrollment) conducted a key informant interview with service providers; online organizational surveys of AMC trial awareness and resource needs; and "lunch and learn" educational sessions, including pre- and post-intervention knowledge assessments...
March 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420191/designing-effective-interactions-for-concordance-around-end-of-life-care-decisions-lessons-from-hospice-admission-nurses
#13
Carey Candrian, Channing Tate, Kirsten Broadfoot, Alexandra Tsantes, Daniel Matlock, Jean Kutner
Near the end of life, hospice care reduces symptom-related distress and hospitalizations while improving caregiving outcomes. However, it takes time for a person to gain a sufficient understanding of hospice and decide to enroll. This decision is influenced by knowledge of hospice and its services, emotion and fear, cultural and religious beliefs, and an individual's acceptance of diagnosis. Hospice admission interactions, a key influence in shaping decisions regarding hospice care, happen particularly late in the illness trajectory and are often complex, unpredictable, and highly variable...
April 18, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418341/the-knowledge-level-and-opinions-of-physicians-about-the-medical-and-legal-procedures-related-to-physical-child-abuse
#14
Sema Demirçin, Akın Tütüncüler, Fatmagül Aslan, Sevtap Velipaşaoğlu Güney, Mehmet Atılgan, Hakan Gülkesen
BACKGROUND: In order to diagnose child abuse, physicians need to consider the possibility of abuse in every child they encounter, have sufficient information about the topic and manage the cases according to current law. AIMS: To determine the knowledge level of physicians on child abuse and to learn their opinions about the procedures when they suspect child abuse. STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire (cross-sectional) study. METHODS: A detailed questionnaire was applied to 390 physicians of whom 233 were general practitioners...
April 5, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417658/resident-involvement-in-professional-otolaryngology-organizations-current-trends-in-the-united-states
#15
Kevin Wong, Minyoung Jang, Amir Gilad, Jessica R Levi
Involvement by residents in professional medical organizations can enrich their training, but little data exist regarding the number and types of involvement opportunities available to otolaryngology residents. We sought to fill this gap in knowledge by quantifying the extent to which major otolaryngology-related organizations in the United States provide involvement opportunities to otolaryngology residents. Our analysis included 23 organizations and subspecialty societies. Results showed that many opportunities exist for residents to attend conferences and present research; however, fewer involvement and funding opportunities existed in any other leadership, health policy, or service-learning experiences...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417517/evaluating-clinical-ethics-support-a-participatory-approach
#16
Suzanne Metselaar, Guy Widdershoven, Rouven Porz, Bert Molewijk
The current process towards formalization within evaluation research, in particular the use of pre-set standards and the focus on predefined outcomes, implies a shift of ownership from the people who are actually involved in real clinical ethics support services (CESS) in a specific context to external stakeholders who increasingly gain a say in what 'good CESS' should look like. The question is whether this does justice to the insights and needs of those who are directly involved in actual CESS practices, be it as receivers or providers...
May 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417516/discovering-what-matters-interrogating-clinician-responses-to-ethics-consultation
#17
Stuart G Finder, Virginia L Bartlett
Against the background assumptions that (a) knowing what clinical ethics consultation represents to those with whom ethics consultants work most closely is a necessary component for being responsible in the practice of ethics consultation, and (b) the complexities of soliciting and understanding colleague evaluations require another inherent responsibility for the methods by which ethics consultations are evaluated, in this article we report our experience soliciting, analyzing, and trying to understand retrospective evaluations of our Clinical Ethics Consultation Service...
May 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416788/characteristics-of-arabic-websites-with-information-on-autism
#18
Fahad M Alnemary, Faisal M Alnemary, Abdulrahman S Alamri, Yassar A Alamri
OBJECTIVE: To explore the characteristics of Arabic websites with information on autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: The word autism in Arabic was entered into 2 popular search engines in September 2013 to locate the top 80 websites featuring the term. Websites were sorted using 10 characteristics, previously used to evaluate the characteristics of English websites with information on ASD. RESULTS: Most websites were registered using a ...
April 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415149/integrating-teamstepps-%C3%A2-into-ambulatory-reproductive-health-care-early-successes-and-lessons-learned
#19
Maureen E Paul, Laura E Dodge, Evelyn Intondi, Guzey Ozcelik, Ken Plitt, Michele R Hacker
BACKGROUND: Most medical teamwork improvement interventions have occurred in hospitals, and more efforts are needed to integrate them into ambulatory care settings. In 2014, Affiliates Risk Management Services, Inc. (ARMS), the risk management services organization for a large network of reproductive health care organizations in the United States, launched a voluntary 5-year initiative to implement a medical teamwork system in this network using the TeamSTEPPS model. This article describes the ARMS initiative and progress made during the first 2 years, including lessons learned...
April 2017: Journal of Healthcare Risk Management: the Journal of the American Society for Healthcare Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414582/educating-the-next-generation-of-family-caregivers-through-the-use-of-dynamic-case-studies
#20
Carol L Jenkins, Abby J Schwartz
Between 2008 and 2016, students in an Introduction to Gerontology course were required to complete a dynamic case study project simulating caregiving arrangement decision-making. Students were divided into groups representing typical multigenerational families, and were required to determine how to develop caregiving arrangements to respond to an older family member's changing levels of need. The assignment concluded with students writing a final paper summarizing what they learned. This study examined the themes emerging from student group case study papers to gain an understanding of the challenges students face in understanding the dynamics of making family-based caregiving decisions...
April 17, 2017: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
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