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Killer immunoglobulin like receptors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456538/an-uncoupling-of-canonical-phenotypic-markers-and-functional-potency-of-ex-vivo-expanded-natural-killer-cells
#1
Nicole A P Lieberman, Kole DeGolier, Kristen Haberthur, Harrison Chinn, Kara W Moyes, Myriam N Bouchlaka, Kirsti L Walker, Christian M Capitini, Courtney A Crane
Recent advances in cellular therapies for patients with cancer, including checkpoint blockade and ex vivo -expanded, tumor-specific T cells, have demonstrated that targeting the immune system is a powerful approach to the elimination of tumor cells. Clinical efforts have also demonstrated limitations, however, including the potential for tumor cell antigenic drift and neoantigen formation, which promote tumor escape and recurrence, as well as rapid onset of T cell exhaustion in vivo . These findings suggest that antigen unrestricted cells, such as natural killer (NK) cells, may be beneficial for use as an alternative to or in combination with T cell based approaches...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454072/killer-cell-immunoglobulin-like-receptor-genotypes-in-the-turkish-population
#2
Mehmet Onur Elbaşi, Aysın Tulunay-Virlan, Emel Ekşioğlu-Demiralp
One hundred eighty-seven healthy and unrelated volunteers from various regions of Turkey were selected for the study. Killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) genotyping was performed by polymerase chain reaction using commercial sequence-specific oligonucleotide probe (SSOP) kits. Gene frequencies of the Turkish population were determined by direct counting of the positive and negative loci. The genotype data is publicly available in the Allele Frequencies Net Database under the population name "Turkey KIR pop 3" number "3399"...
February 14, 2018: Human Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448052/kir-and-hla-ligands-demonstrate-genetic-inheritance-diversity-in-japanese-descendants-from-paran%C3%A3-brazil
#3
Josiane Bazzo de Alencar, Joana Maira Valentini Zacarias, Barbara Leticia da Silva Guedes de Moura, Marco Antônio Braga, Jeane Eliete Laguila Visentainer, Ana Maria Sell
In order to investigate killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) and their ligands, human leukocyte antigen (HLA), diversity in the Brazilian population influenced by migrations, unrelated Brazilian Japanese descendants were selected and genotyped for the KIR genes and HLA class I allele groups. Genetic heterogeneity in Brazil Paraná Japanese was observed for KIR genes, whose frequency distributions demonstrated similarity with mixed Brazilian populations and with the Japanese population, suggesting gene flow...
February 12, 2018: Human Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447367/endometrial-natural-killer-nk-cells-reveal-a-tissue-specific-receptor-repertoire
#4
D Feyaerts, T Kuret, B van Cranenbroek, S van der Zeeuw-Hingrez, O W H van der Heijden, A van der Meer, I Joosten, R G van der Molen
STUDY QUESTION: Is the natural killer (NK) cell receptor repertoire of endometrial NK (eNK) cells tissue-specific? SUMMARY ANSWER: The NK cell receptor (NKR) expression profile in pre-pregnancy endometrium appears to have a unique tissue-specific phenotype, different from that found in NK cells in peripheral blood, suggesting that these cells are finely tuned towards the reception of an allogeneic fetus. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: NK cells are important for successful pregnancy...
February 13, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446443/association-of-killer-cell-immunoglobulin-like-receptors-with-spontaneous-clearance-of-hepatitis-c-virus-in-the-chinese-population
#5
Zhengang Shan, Jieting Huang, Qiao Liao, Ke Huang, Min Wang, Ru Xu, Xi Tang, Weiyun Zhang, Kenrad Nelson, Yongshui Fu, Chengyao Li, Xia Rong
BACKGROUND: Natural killer (NK) cells are critical components in innate immune response to viral infection. Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) are involved in regulating the balance of activation or inhibitory function of NK cells. However, the association of KIRs with the spontaneous clearance of hepatitis C virus (HCV) remains unclear in the Chinese population. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 407 HCV-seropositive voluntary blood donors were recruited, including 203 with spontaneous viral clearance and 204 with chronic infection...
February 15, 2018: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413815/natural-killer-cell-education-in-human-health-and-disease
#6
REVIEW
Jeanette E Boudreau, Katharine C Hsu
Natural killer (NK) cells maintain immune homeostasis by detecting and eliminating damaged cells. Simultaneous activating and inhibitory input are integrated by NK cells, with the net signal prompting cytotoxicity and cytokine production, or inhibition. Chief among the inhibitory ligands for NK cells are 'self' human leukocyte antigen (HLA) molecules, which are sensed by killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR). Through a process called 'education', the functional capabilities of each NK cell are counterbalanced by their sensitivity for inhibition by co-inherited 'self' HLA...
January 27, 2018: Current Opinion in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395276/hla-c1-ligands-are-associated-with-increased-susceptibility-to-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#7
Caterina Maria Gambino, Danilo Di Bona, Anna Aiello, Ciriaco Carru, Giovanni Duro, Giuliana Guggino, Angelo Ferrante, Angelo Zinellu, Calogero Caruso, Giuseppina Candore, Giulia Accardi
Recently, the role of killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) in autoimmune diseases has received increasing attention. The present study was undertaken to determine the association of KIR genes and the human leukocytes antigen (HLA) ligands with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) and accompanying oxidative stress. Presence or absence of 17 KIR and 5 HLA loci was performed using the polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific primer (PCR-SSP) method by case-control study. A total of 45 SLE patients, and 60 healthy controls, all of Sicilian descent, were enrolled...
January 23, 2018: Human Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394121/genetics-of-natural-killer-cells-in-human-health-disease-and-survival
#8
Peter Parham, Lisbeth A Guethlein
Natural killer (NK) cells have vital functions in human immunity and reproduction. In the innate and adaptive immune responses to infection, particularly by viruses, NK cells respond by secreting inflammatory cytokines and killing infected cells. In reproduction, NK cells are critical for genesis of the placenta, the organ that controls the supply of oxygen and nutrients to the growing fetus. Controlling NK cell functions are interactions of HLA class I with inhibitory NK cell receptors. First evolved was the conserved interaction of HLA-E with CD94:NKG2A; later established were diverse interactions of HLA-A, -B, -C with killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors...
February 2, 2018: Annual Review of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384924/association-between-kir-gene-polymorphisms-and-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-t1dm-susceptibility-a-prisma-compliant-meta-analysis
#9
Shu-Lan Liu, A-Juan Zheng, Li Ding
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a T-cell mediated autoimmune disease with a complex genetic and immunological background. Evidence suggests that killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) genes are associated with T1DM, but the results are inconsistent. Here, we conducted a meta-analysis to comprehensively evaluate the effect of KIR genes on the risk of T1DM. METHODS: The PubMed, Web of Science, the Chinese Biomedical Database, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure databases were systematically searched to select studies on the association between KIR polymorphisms and T1DM...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383623/nk-cell-therapy-for-hematologic-malignancies
#10
REVIEW
Rohtesh S Mehta, Brion Randolph, May Daher, Katayoun Rezvani
Natural killer (NK) cells are part of the innate immune system and represent the first line of defense against infections and tumors. In contrast to T cells, NK cells do not require prior antigen sensitization to induce cytotoxicity and do not cause graft-versus-host disease. These, along with other advantages, make NK cells an attractive candidate for adoptive cellular therapy. Herein, we describe the mechanisms of NK cell cytotoxicity, which is governed by an intricate balance between various activating and inhibitory receptors, including the killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs)...
January 27, 2018: International Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360870/association-of-maternal-kir-gene-content-polymorphisms-with-reduction-in-perinatal-transmission-of-hiv-1
#11
Yusuf O Omosun, Anna J Blackstock, John Williamson, Anne Maria van Eijk, John Ayisi, Juliana Otieno, Renu B Lal, Feiko O Ter Kuile, Laurence Slutsker, Ya Ping Shi
The role of killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) in the transmission of HIV-1 has not been extensively studied. Here, we investigated the association of KIR gene content polymorphisms with perinatal HIV-1 transmission. The KIR gene family comprising 16 genes was genotyped in 313 HIV-1 positive Kenyan mothers paired with their infants. Gene content polymorphisms were presented as presence of individual KIR genes, haplotypes, genotypes and KIR gene concordance. The genetic data were analyzed for associations with perinatal transmission of HIV...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358179/strategies-to-activate-nk-cells-to-prevent-relapse-and-induce-remission-following-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#12
Sarah Cooley, Peter Parham, Jeffrey S Miller
Natural Killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes of innate immunity that respond to virus infected and tumor cells. After allogeneic transplantation, NK cells are the first reconstituting lymphocytes, but are dysfunctional. Manipulating this first wave of lymphocytes could be instrumental in reducing the 40% relapse rate following transplantation with reduced intensity conditioning. NK cells express numerous activating and inhibitory receptors. Some recognize classical or non-classical HLA class I ligands, others recognize class I-like ligands or unrelated ligands...
January 22, 2018: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327701/distribution-of-killer-immunoglobulin-like-receptor-genes-in-hiv-infected-long-term-non-progressors-from-mumbai-india
#13
Vijay R Chavan, Zakiya Ansari, Preeti Mehta, Jayanti Mania-Pramanik
BACKGROUND: Few reports suggest the association of killer immunoglobulin-like receptors of natural killer cells with human immunodeficiency virus infection. India with world's third largest population of human immunodeficiency virus / acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, offers scope to study such association. OBJECTIVE: Current study (2010-2015) was designed to evaluate if killer immunoglobulin-like receptors gene polymorphisms are associated with HIV infection outcomes specifically, with long term non progressors...
January 12, 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327110/the-role-of-interleukin-2-all-trans-retinoic-acid-and-natural-killer-cells-surveillance-mechanisms-in-anti-gd2-antibody-therapy-in-neuroblastoma
#14
Rosa Nguyen, Jim Houston, Wing K Chan, David Finkelstein, Michael A Dyer
Although anti-disialoganglioside (GD2) antibodies are successfully used for neuroblastoma therapy, a third of patients with neuroblastoma experience treatment failure or serious toxicity. Various strategies have been employed in the clinic to improve antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC), such as the addition of interleukin (IL)-2 to enhance natural killer (NK) cell function, adoptive transfer of allogeneic NK cells to exploit immune surveillance, and retinoid-induced differentiation therapy...
January 11, 2018: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322425/production-of-recombinant-killer-immunoglobulin-like-receptors-for-crystallography-and-luminex-based-assays
#15
Phillip Pymm, Julian P Vivian
The killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) are a highly diverse family of cell-surface receptors that are of importance to the effector function of Natural Killer cells. KIR have been implicated in the detection and clearance of malignantly transformed cells and in the immune-control of viruses including HIV, HCV and CMV. Recently, the mismatching of donor and recipient KIR has been demonstrated to improve success of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation treatments of leukemias. Due to the high degree of diversity amongst the KIR, a number of strategies are required for the production of recombinant protein for medical, biochemical and structural applications...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321314/hla-class-i-downregulation-by-hiv-1-variants-from-subtype-c-transmission-pairs
#16
Zachary Ende, Martin J Deymier, Daniel T Claiborne, Jessica L Prince, Daniela C Mónaco, William Kilembe, Susan A Allen, Eric Hunter
HIV-1 downregulates HLA-A and HLA-B from the surface of infected cells primarily to evade CD8 T cell recognition. HLA-C was thought to remain on the cell surface and bind inhibitory killer immunoglobulin-like receptors, preventing NK cell-mediated suppression. However, a recent study found HIV-1 primary viruses have the capacity to downregulate HLA-C. The goal of this study was to assess the heterogeneity of HLA-A, HLA-B and HLA-C downregulation among full-length primary viruses from six chronically infected and six newly infected individuals from transmission pairs, and to determine whether transmitted/founder variants exhibit common HLA class I downregulation characteristics...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247781/kir-ligand-mismatch-in-donor-vs-recipient-direction-provides-better-graft-versus-tumor-effect-in-patients-with-hematological-malignancies-undergoing-allogeneic-t-replete-haploidentical-transplantation-followed-by-post-transplant-cyclophosphamide
#17
Anne Wanquet, Stephania Bramanti, Samia Harbi, Sabine Fürst, Faezeh Legrand, Catherine Faucher, Angela Granata, Boris Calmels, Claude Lemarie, Christophe Picard, Christian Chabannon, Pierre-Jean Weiller, Luca Castagna, Didier Blaise, Raynier Devillier
We evaluated the impact of unidirectional donor vs. recipient killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR)-ligand mismatch (KIR-Lmm) on the outcomes of T-replete Haplo-SCT with post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PT-Cy) in a cohort of 144 patients treated for various hematological diseases. We separately analyzed 81 patients in complete remission (CR group) and 63 with active disease (no CR group) at the time of Haplo-SCT. One-third of patients in each group had KIR-Lmm. In the no CR group, KIR-Lmm was associated with a significantly lower incidence of relapse (hazard ratio (HR) = 0...
December 13, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224003/human-leukocyte-antigen-g-inhibits-the-anti-tumor-effect-of-natural-killer-cells-via-immunoglobulin-like-transcript-2-in-gastric-cancer
#18
Rui Wan, Zi-Wei Wang, Hui Li, Xu-Dong Peng, Guang-Yi Liu, Jun-Ming Ou, An-Qi Cheng
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) plays an important role in inhibiting natural killer (NK) cell function and promoting immune escape. However, the specific mechanism of HLA-G on NK in gastric cancer (GC) remains not well understood. This study investigated the expression of HLA-G in GC and the role of HLA-G-effected NK cells in GC progression. METHODS: HLA-G expression in GC tissues obtained from 49 patients with GC was analyzed by immunohistochemistry and western blot...
December 7, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222435/long-term-maintenance-of-peripheral-blood-derived-human-nk-cells-in-a-novel-human-il-15-transgenic-nog-mouse
#19
Ikumi Katano, Chiyoko Nishime, Ryoji Ito, Tsutomu Kamisako, Takuma Mizusawa, Yuyo Ka, Tomoyuki Ogura, Hiroshi Suemizu, Yutaka Kawakami, Mamoru Ito, Takeshi Takahashi
We generated a novel mouse strain expressing transgenic human interleukin-15 (IL-15) using the severe immunodeficient NOD/Shi-scid-IL-2Rγ null (NOG) mouse genetic background (NOG-IL-15 Tg). Human natural killer (NK) cells, purified from the peripheral blood (hu-PB-NK) of normal healthy donors, proliferated when transferred into NOG-IL-15 Tg mice. In addition, the cell number increased, and the hu-PB-NK cells persisted for 3 months without signs of xenogeneic graft versus host diseases (xGVHD). These in vivo-expanded hu-PB-NK cells maintained the original expression patterns of various surface antigens, including NK receptors and killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) molecules...
December 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197675/homozygous-hla-c1-is-associated-with-reduced-risk-of-relapse-after-hla-matched-transplantation-in-patients-with-myeloid-leukemia
#20
Nobuyoshi Arima, Junya Kanda, Junji Tanaka, Toshio Yabe, Yasuo Morishima, Sung-Won Kim, Yuho Najima, Yukiyasu Ozawa, Tetsuya Eto, Heiwa Kanamori, Takehiko Mori, Naoki Kobayashi, Tadakazu Kondo, Hirohisa Nakamae, Naoyuki Uchida, Masami Inoue, Takahiro Fukuda, Tatsuo Ichinohe, Yoshiko Atsuta, Yoshinobu Kanda
Natural killer (NK) cells assume graft-versus-leukemia alloreactivity after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) through their inhibitory killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs). KIR2D family members recognize HLA-C alleles with Asn80 (HLA-C1) or Lys80 (HLA-C2). The predominance of HLA-C1 over HLA-C2 and the frequent presence of KIR2DL1 are characteristic of Japanese people. We compared clinical outcomes among homozygous HLA-C1 (HLA-C1/C1) patients and heterozygous HLA-C1/C2 patients who underwent HLA-matched HSCT for hematologic malignancies by assessing the data of 10,638 patients from the Japanese national registry...
December 27, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
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