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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428919/tibial-bone-grafting-for-wrist-reconstruction
#1
Schneider K Rancy, Stephanie D Malliaris, Scott W Wolfe
Background Iliac crest bone graft harvesting is routinely performed for upper extremity orthopedic procedures despite high complication rates associated with sensory nerve injury, hematoma, chronic pain, and fracture. Description of Technique Cancellous bone graft is harvested from the proximal tibia using a medial approach, minimizing donor site morbidity. Patients and Methods A retrospective review was undertaken of 14 patients who underwent cancellous proximal tibia bone graft harvesting to augment healing of wrist reconstruction, with 2 months minimum follow-up...
May 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420517/ileocecal-endometriosis-diagnosis-and-management
#2
Ana López Carrasco, Alicia Hernández Gutiérrez, Paula A Hidalgo Gutiérrez, Roberto Rodríguez González, José L Marijuán Martín, Ignacio Zapardiel, Javier de Santiago García
OBJECTIVE: Ileocecal endometriosis is rare. Symptoms range from no symptoms, cramps, vomiting, to acute intestinal obstruction. Our objective was to review our cases, clarify, and resume its most appropriate management focusing on the factors to determine diagnosis. This is a retrospective study by revision of medical charts of all ileal endometriosis cases of our unit from 2006 to 2014. CASE REPORT: Seven cases were found; three (43%) had previous endometriosis laparoscopic diagnosis, four (57%) had partial bowel obstruction episodes, three (43%) had chronic pelvic pain, and one developed acute intestinal obstruction in postoperative ileostomy closure...
April 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420470/-explore-objective-clinical-variables-for-detecting-delirium-in-icu-patients-a-prospective-case-control-study
#3
Xiaojiang Liu, Jie Lyu, Youzhong An
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this case-control study is to explore clinical objective variables for diagnosing delirium of intensive care unit (ICU) patients. METHODS: According to the method of prospective case-control study, critical adult postoperative patients who were transferred to ICU of Peking University People's Hospital from October 2015 to May 2016 and needed mechanical ventilation were included. After evaluating the Richmond agitation sedation scale score (RASS), the patients whose score were -2 or greater were sorted into two groups, delirium and non-delirium, according to the confusion assessment method for the ICU (CAM-ICU)...
April 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417279/tackers-versus-glue-mesh-fixation-an-objective-assessment-of-postoperative-acute-and-chronic-pain-using-inflammatory-markers
#4
W Liew, Y Y Wai, N R Kosai, H S Gendeh
PURPOSE: Laparoscopic hernioplasty has become a popular choice for inguinal hernia repair since its advent in 1990s. Postoperative pain is an undesirable clinical outcome impairing daily activity of 22.5% of patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate postoperative acute and chronic pain via inflammatory markers as an objective assessment following tacks or glue mesh fixation in TEP repair. METHODS: Sixty-six (66) patients with unilateral uncomplicated inguinal hernia were randomized into 34 patients in the tacker and 32 patients in cyanoacrylate glue mesh fixation in TEP repair...
April 17, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411342/mesh-fixation-in-endoscopic-inguinal-hernia-repair-evaluation-of-methodology-based-on-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-clinical-trials
#5
Hans Lederhuber, Franziska Stiede, Stephan Axer, Ursula Dahlstrand
BACKGROUND: The issue of mesh fixation in endoscopic inguinal hernia repair is frequently debated and still no conclusive data exist on differences between methods regarding long-term outcome and postoperative complications. The quantity of trials and the simultaneous lack of high-quality evidence raise the question how future trials should be planned. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library were searched, using the filters "randomised clinical trials" and "humans"...
April 14, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409236/-interdisciplinary-position-paper-perioperative-pain-management
#6
R Likar, W Jaksch, T Aigmüller, M Brunner, T Cohnert, J Dieber, W Eisner, S Geyrhofer, G Grögl, F Herbst, R Hetterle, F Javorsky, H G Kress, O Kwasny, S Madersbacher, H Mächler, R Mittermair, J Osterbrink, B Stöckl, M Sulzbacher, B Taxer, B Todoroff, A Tuchmann, A Wicker, A Sandner-Kiesling
Despite many positive developments, postoperative pain and its treatment is still not always given the necessary attention. Severe pain after surgical procedures affects a significant proportion of patients. This very fact is not only detrimental to the immediate recovery process, but can also form the basis for the development of chronic pain conditions.An adequate and effective management of perioperative pain requires appropriate organizational structures. This multidisciplinary paper which was initiated by the Austrian Society for Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care and the Austrian Pain Society and developed together with numerous specialist and professional societies dealing with the subject aims at supporting the organization of perioperative pain management structures and to make best use of proven concepts...
April 13, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405172/mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-phosphatase-3-mkp-3-in-the-surgical-wound-is-necessary-for-the-resolution-of-postoperative-pain-in-mice
#7
Sladjana Skopelja-Gardner, Madhurima Saha, Perla Abigail Alvarado-Vazquez, Brenna S Liponis, Elena Martinez, E Alfonso Romero-Sandoval
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphatase-3 (MKP-3) and its substrates (extracellular signal-regulated kinase [ERK] and p38) play an important role in pathophysiological mechanisms of acute postoperative and chronic neuropathic pain in the spinal cord. This study aimed to understand the role of MKP-3 and its target MAPKs at the site of surgical incision in nociceptive behavior. Wild-type (WT) and MKP-3 knockout (KO) mice underwent unilateral plantar hind paw incision. Mechanical allodynia was assessed by using von Frey filaments...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402744/single-incision-versus-three-port-laparoscopic-appendectomy-short-and-long-term-outcomes
#8
Samatha Vellei, Alessandro Borri
AIM: To compare the outcome of patients who had undergone single-incision laparoscopic appendectomy (SILA) with others who had undergone three-port laparoscopic appendectomy (3-PORT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from all adults with uncomplicated appendicitis treated by laparoscopic appendectomy between June 2012 and December 2015 were prospectively collected. Patients with chronic pain, appendix malignancy, at least two previous laparotomies, and those undergoing concomitant surgery for different condition were excluded from analysis...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400085/distinguishing-failure-to-cure-from-complication-after-penile-prosthesis-implantation
#9
Miguel Pineda, Arthur L Burnett
BACKGROUND: A successful penile prosthesis implantation (PPI) surgery can be defined by outcomes beyond the absence of complications. AIM: To introduce the concept of failure to cure (FTC) in the context of PPI to more accurately gauge postoperative outcomes after PPI. METHODS: Consecutive patients from our sexual function registry who underwent PPI from January 2011 to December 2013 were analyzed. Demographics, previous treatment of erectile dysfunction, comorbidities, social history, postoperative problems (POPs), and surgical outcomes were tabulated...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394854/a-role-for-nk-1-neurons-in-the-rostral-ventromedial-medulla-in-the-development-of-chronic-post-thoracotomy-pain
#10
Sergey G Khasabov, Jeffrey Chi-Fei Wang, Donald A Simone, Gary R Strichartz
Thoracotomy results in chronic post-operative pain (CPTP) in half of the cases. Earlier findings in rat models of persistent post-surgical pain suggest that spinal pathways are critical for pain onset but not its maintenance. Descending systems from the brain stem modulate nociceptive transmission in the spinal cord and contribute to persistent pain, but their role in chronic postoperative pain has not been studied. Here we ablated pronociceptive neurokinin-1 receptor (NK-1R)-expressing neurons in the rat rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) to identify their role in CPTP...
April 5, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394679/symptomatic-os-vesalianuma-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Frank Timo Beil, Rolf D Burghardt, Andre Strahl, Wolfgang Ruether, Andreas Niemeier
Os vesalianum is a rare accessory bone located proximal to the base of the fifth metatarsal in the peroneus brevis tendon. It is a radiographic diagnosis and mostly an asymptomatic incidental finding with a reported prevalence of 0.1% to 0.9%. Only 11 symptomatic cases have been described in the literature. Surgical therapy has been reported with good outcome in adults, whereas recurrence may follow excision during skeletal growth. We report a case of a 19-year-old girl with chronic weightbearing pain proximal to the base of the fifth metatarsal of her left foot...
March 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384462/can-a-10-minute-questionnaire-identify-significant-psychological-issues-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-joint-disease
#12
Shang-Lun Lin, Shang-Liang Wu, Hsien-Te Huang, For-Wey Lung, Tzong-Cherng Chi, Jung-Wu Yang
PURPOSES: For patients with disc displacement disorders (DDDs), psychiatric illness increases the risk of worsening postsurgical pain, postoperative delirium, postoperative incomplete recovery, and worse postoperative life quality. This study provides a fast and practical protocol to evaluate psychological conditions of patients with DDDs of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in clinical care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The populations under investigation in this cross-sectional study included patients with DDD who received treatment from October 2012 through June 2016...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377693/inhibition-of-mammalian-target-of-rapamycin-mtor-signaling-in-the-insular-cortex-alleviates-neuropathic-pain-after-peripheral-nerve-injury
#13
Minjee Kwon, Jeongsoo Han, Un Jeng Kim, Myeounghoon Cha, Sun Woo Um, Sun Joon Bai, Seong-Karp Hong, Bae Hwan Lee
Injury of peripheral nerves can trigger neuropathic pain, producing allodynia and hyperalgesia via peripheral and central sensitization. Recent studies have focused on the role of the insular cortex (IC) in neuropathic pain. Because the IC is thought to store pain-related memories, translational regulation in this structure may reveal novel targets for controlling chronic pain. Signaling via mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), which is known to control mRNA translation and influence synaptic plasticity, has been studied at the spinal level in neuropathic pain, but its role in the IC under these conditions remains elusive...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373980/clinical-results-and-serum-metal-ion-concentrations-following-ceramic-on-metal-total-hip-arthroplasty-at-a-mean-follow-up-of-60-months
#14
W Maurer-Ertl, D Pranckh-Matzke, J Friesenbichler, G Bratschitsch, L A Holzer, M Maier, A Leithner
Background. Increased metal ion levels following total hip arthroplasty (THA) with metal-on-metal bearings are a highly debated topic. Local soft tissue reactions with chronic pain and systemic side effects such as neuropathy are described. The aim of the current study was to determine the serum metal ion concentrations of Cobalt (Co) and Chrome (Cr) after THA with a ceramic-on-metal (CoM) bearing. Patients and Methods. Between 2008 and 2010, 20 patients underwent THA using a CoM bearing. Clinical function was evaluated by standardized scores systems (Harris Hip Score and WOMAC Score) and radiological examination included X-rays...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368941/continuous-ropivacaine-subfascial-wound-infusion-compared-with-intrathecal-morphine-for-postcesarean-analgesia-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-double-blind-study
#15
Manon Lalmand, Madeleine Wilwerth, Jean-François Fils, Philippe Van der Linden
BACKGROUND: After cesarean delivery, postoperative pain management allows early rehabilitation and helps prevent postpartum depression and chronic pain. Our present prospective, randomized controlled, double-blind study assessed the duration and effect of intrathecal analgesia and continuous ropivacaine wound infiltration versus a control group after cesarean delivery. The primary outcome was analgesia duration, defined as time to first morphine request. Secondary outcomes were cumulative postoperative morphine consumption, number of patients who did not require IV morphine, incidence of adverse effects, and time to first ambulation...
March 31, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365208/postoperative-hyperalgesia-a-clinically-applicable-narrative-review
#16
REVIEW
Avi A Weinbroum
Postoperative hyperalgesia (POH) is a condition characterized by signs and symptoms of pain despite the provision of conventional analgesia. In most cases, anesthesiologists are called upon soon after surgery, but occasionally it may occur as a late event. Persistent uncontrolled pain may transform into chronic or neuropathic pain. Correct diagnosis of POH is essential since similar phenomenon may exacerbate if misdiagnosed, while proper treatment is frequently achievable by pharmacological remedies. This review will describe the causes for POH and its bio-neuro-pharmacological basis, and clinical symptoms and signs directing the physician towards correct diagnosis of this paradoxical condition of pain, as well as modes capable of preventing POH from occurring...
March 29, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363848/perioperative-use-of-gabapentinoids-in-france
#17
Valéria Martinez, Michel Carles, Emmanuel Marret, Hélène Beloeil
BACKGROUND: Gabapentinoids have governmental health agency approval for "chronic neuropathic pain." Over the last decade, however, the perioperative prescription of gabapentinoids has become more popular among anaesthesiologists due to their anxiolytic and antihyperalgesic proprieties, despite weak scientific evidence supporting the risk/benefit ratio for this indication. METHODS: Our aim was to extensively describe the use of perioperative gabapentinoids by French anaesthesiologists...
March 28, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350976/neuroendocrine-tumor-of-the-common-bile-duct-case-report
#18
C Raspanti, N Falco, V Silvestri, G Rotolo, S Bonventre, G Gulotta
Neuroendocrine tumors (NET) are a very heterogeneous group of neoplasms; in recent years we have seen an increase in their incidence (3.65 /100.000/year). They can be associated with hereditary endocrine syndromes (MEN, Von Hippel Lindau); they can occur at any age and the incidence is slightly higher in men than women. The aetiology of the neuroendocrine tumors is unclear; in most cases, inflammation of the bile ducts may be the underlying cause and for this reason, the initial patient's evaluation should be focused on the different aspects concerning the oncological one and the possible sequelae of the biliary obstructions that can evolve in biliary sepsis...
November 2016: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350939/the-advancing-role-of-neuromodulation-for-the-management-of-chronic-treatment-refractory-pain
#19
Mohammed F Shamji, Cecile De Vos, Ashwini Sharan
Neuropathic pain is a common cause of disability and health care utilization. While judicious pharmacotherapy and management of comorbid psychological distress can provide for improved quality of life, some patients with treatment-refractory disease require more invasive therapies. Spinal cord stimulation can provide for improvement in pain and decrease in medication utilization, with level 1 evidence supporting its use across various pain etiologies including persistent postoperative neuropathic pain, complex regional pain syndrome, chronic inoperable limb ischemia, treatment refractory angina, and painful diabetic neuropathy...
March 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350202/outcomes-of-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-for-biliary-dyskinesia-in-children
#20
Sarah W Lai, Steven S Rothenberg, Saundra M Kay, Kristin E Shipman, Bethany J Slater
PURPOSE: To determine the outcomes of laparoscopic cholecystectomy as a treatment for biliary dyskinesia in children. METHODS: With ethics approval, a retrospective chart review was performed on children (<21 years) at a single center diagnosed with biliary dyskinesia (defined as gallbladder ejection fraction [EF] <35% and/or pain with cholecystokinin [CCK] on cholescintigraphy, in the absence of gallstones or cholecystitis on ultrasound) and treated with laparoscopic cholecystectomy between March 2010 and February 2016...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
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