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Exercise-induced hypoalgesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879638/blood-flow-restriction-induces-hypoalgesia-in-recreationally-active-adult-male-anterior-knee-pain-patients-allowing-therapeutic-exercise-loading
#1
Vasileios Korakakis, Rodney Whiteley, Konstantinos Epameinontidis
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if a single blood flow restriction (BFR)-exercise bout would induce hypoalgaesia in patients with anterior knee pain (AKP) and allow painless application of therapeutic exercise. DESIGN: Cross-sectional repeated measures design. SETTING: Institutional out-patients physiotherapy clinic. PATIENTS: Convenience sample of 30 AKP patients. INTERVENTION: BFR was applied at 80% of complete vascular occlusion...
May 31, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794304/exercise-induced-hypoalgesia-in-women-with-varying-levels-of-menstrual-pain
#2
Mervyn Travers, Penny Moss, William Gibson, Dana Hince, Sheree Yorke, Connie Chung, Rebecca Langford, Esther Ee Woon Tan, Jolene Ng, Thorvaldur Skuli Palsson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH) is a well-established phenomenon in pain-free individuals that describes a decrease in pain sensitivity after an acute bout of exercise. The EIH response has been demonstrated to be sub-optimal in the presence of persisting pain. Menstrual pain is a common recurrent painful problem with many women experiencing high levels of pain each cycle. However, the EIH response has not been examined in a cohort of women with high levels of menstrual pain...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794298/exercise-does-not-produce-hypoalgesia-when-performed-immediately-after-a-painful-stimulus
#3
Hannah Gajsar, Katharina Nahrwold, Christina Titze, Monika I Hasenbring, Henrik B Vaegter
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH) and conditioned pain modulation (CPM) are assumed to reflect descending pain inhibition. Potential interactions between EIH and CPM may be important in the therapy of chronic pain, as reduced CPM and increased pain after exercise are frequently observed. This study compared the EIH response after CPM was activated using a cold pressor task with the EIH response after a control condition. METHODS: Thirty-one participants (age: 27...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794265/the-influence-of-isometric-exercise-on-endogenous-pain-modulation-comparing-exercise-induced-hypoalgesia-and-offset-analgesia-in-young-active-adults
#4
Samuel Harris, Michele Sterling, Scott F Farrell, Ashley Pedler, Ashley D Smith
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Impairment of endogenous analgesia has been associated with the development, maintenance and persistence of pain. Endogenous analgesia can be evaluated using exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH) and offset analgesia (OffA) paradigms, which measure temporal filtering of sensory information. It is not clear if these paradigms are underpinned by common mechanisms, as EIH and OffA have not previously been directly compared. A further understanding of the processes responsible for these clinically relevant phenomena may have future diagnostic and therapeutic utility in management of individuals with persistent pain conditions...
March 30, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788440/exercise-induced-hypoalgesia-after-isometric-wall-squat-exercise-a-test-retest-reliabilty-study
#5
Henrik Bjarke Vaegter, Kristian Damgaard Lyng, Fredrik Wannebo Yttereng, Mads Holst Christensen, Mathias Brandhøj Sørensen, Thomas Graven-Nielsen
Background: Isometric exercises decrease pressure pain sensitivity in exercising and nonexercising muscles known as exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH). No studies have assessed the test-retest reliability of EIH after isometric exercise. This study investigated the EIH on pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) after an isometric wall squat exercise. The relative and absolute test-retest reliability of the PPT as a test stimulus and the EIH response in exercising and nonexercising muscles were calculated...
May 19, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757826/physical-activity-levels-predict-exercise-induced-hypoalgesia-in-older-adults
#6
Thomas Ohlman, Leah Miller, Keith E Naugle, Kelly M Naugle
Prior research indicates that older adults exhibit a deficient capacity to activate multiple pain inhibitory mechanisms, including pain inhibition after acute exercise termed exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH). The influence of physical activity levels and psychological processes on EIH in older adults remains unclear. PURPOSE: This study examined potential psychological and physical activity predictors of the magnitude of EIH following submaximal isometric exercise in healthy older adult men and women...
May 4, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698982/a-fast-track-to-hypoalgesia-the-anaerobic-exercise-effect-on-pain-sensitivity
#7
Gil Samuelly-Leichtag, Einat Kodesh, Yoav Meckel, Irit Weissman-Fogel
Maximal anaerobic exercise, is a short high intensity effort, involves activation of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis, and may suggest hypoalgesic effects. In addition, this exercise-induced muscle pain may contribute to hypoalgesia via the pain inhibits pain phenomenon, which is related to the diffuse noxious inhibitory control (DNIC) mechanism. We aimed to investigate whether: 1) a single bout of 30 s maximal anaerobic exercise has an analgesic effect on experimental pain sensitivity; 2) DNIC is the underlying mechanism of anaerobic exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH)...
June 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618132/systemic-exercise-induced-hypoalgesia-following-isometric-exercise-reduces-conditioned-pain-modulation
#8
Ali Alsouhibani, Henrik Bjarke Vaegter, Marie Hoeger Bement
Objective: Physically active individuals show greater conditioned pain modulation (CPM) compared with less active individuals. Understanding the effects of acute exercise on CPM may allow for a more targeted use of exercise in the management of pain. This study investigated the effects of acute isometric exercise on CPM. In addition, the between-session and within-session reliability of CPM was investigated. Design: Experimental, randomized crossover study. Setting: Laboratory at Marquette University...
April 3, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544539/pain-sensitivity-at-rest-and-during-muscle-contraction-in-persons-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-substudy-within-the-physical-activity-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-2010-study
#9
Monika Löfgren, Christina H Opava, Ingrid Demmelmaier, Cecilia Fridén, Ingrid E Lundberg, Birgitta Nordgren, Eva Kosek
BACKGROUND: We aimed to explore pressure pain sensitivity and the function of segmental and plurisegmental exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH) in persons with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) compared with healthy control subjects (HC). METHODS: Forty-six participants with RA (43 female, 3 male) and 20 HC (16 female, 4 male) participated in the study. Pressure pain thresholds, suprathreshold pressure pain at rest, and segmental and plurisegmental EIH during standardised submaximal contractions were assessed by algometry...
March 15, 2018: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425326/test-retest-reliabilty-of-exercise-induced-hypoalgesia-after-aerobic-exercise
#10
Henrik Bjarke Vaegter, Daniel Bandholtz Dørge, Kristian Sonne Schmidt, Anders Haagen Jensen, Thomas Graven-Nielsen
Objective: Exercise increases pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) in exercising and nonexercising muscles, known as exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH). No studies have investigated the test-retest reliability of change in PPTs after aerobic exercise. Primary objectives were to compare the effect on PPTs after an incremental bicycling exercise compared with quiet rest and to investigate the relative and absolute test-retest reliability of the test stimulus (PPT) and the absolute and relative EIH response in exercising and nonexercising muscles...
February 7, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290378/kinesiophobia-is-associated-with-pain-intensity-but-not-pain-sensitivity-before-and-after-exercise-an-explorative-analysis
#11
H B Vaegter, A B Madsen, G Handberg, T Graven-Nielsen
OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical pain intensity, exercise performance, pain sensitivity and the effect of aerobic and isometric exercise on local and remote pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain with high and low levels of kinesiophobia. DESIGN: An experimental pre-post within-subject study. SETTING: An exercise laboratory in a multidisciplinary pain clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-four patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain...
October 28, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993250/monoaminergic-descending-pathways-contribute-to-modulation-of-neuropathic-pain-by-increasing-intensity-treadmill-exercise-after-peripheral-nerve-injury
#12
Victor M Lopez-Alvarez, Maria Puigdomenech, Xavier Navarro, Stefano Cobianchi
This study characterizes the impact of increasing-intensity treadmill exercise (iTR) on noradrenergic (NE) and serotonergic (5HT) modulation of neuropathic pain. Following sciatic nerve transection and repair (SNTR) rats developed significant mechanical and thermal hyperalgesia that was partially prevented by iTR performed during the first 2weeks after injury. Marked decrease in the expression of 5HT2A and α1A and β-, but not α2A adrenergic receptors in the spinal cord dorsal horn was associated to SNTR and recovered by iTR, particularly in lamina II...
January 2018: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654316/active-gaming-as-a-form-of-exercise-to-induce-hypoalgesia
#13
Christopher Carey, Keith E Naugle, Dania Aqeel, Thomas Ohlman, Kelly M Naugle
OBJECTIVE: An acute bout of moderate-to-vigorous exercise temporarily reduces pain sensitivity in healthy adults. Recently, active gaming has been rising in popularity as a means of light-to-moderate exercise and may be particularly suitable for deconditioned individuals. Whether the physical activity elicited in active games can produce a hypoalgesic effect remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine whether active videogames can reduce pressure and heat pain sensitivity in healthy adults...
June 27, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387833/endocannabinoid-and-opioid-system-interactions-in-exercise-induced-hypoalgesia
#14
Kevin M Crombie, Angelique G Brellenthin, Cecilia J Hillard, Kelli F Koltyn
Objective.:  The purpose of this study was to examine the interaction between the endogenous opioid and endocannabinoid (eCB) systems in a pain modulatory process known as exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH). Design.:  Randomized controlled trial. Setting.:  Clinical research unit in a hospital. Subjects.:  Fifty-eight healthy men and women (mean age = 21 ± 3 years) participated in this study. Methods: ...
April 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339438/the-role-of-autonomic-function-in-exercise-induced-endogenous-analgesia-a-case-control-study-in-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-and-healthy-people
#15
Jessica Van Oosterwijck, Uros Marusic, Inge De Wandele, Lorna Paul, Mira Meeus, Greta Moorkens, Luc Lambrecht, Lieven Danneels, Jo Nijs
BACKGROUND: Patients with myalgic encephalomyelitis / chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) are unable to activate brain-orchestrated endogenous analgesia (or descending inhibition) in response to exercise. This physiological impairment is currently regarded as one factor explaining post-exertional malaise in these patients. Autonomic dysfunction is also a feature of ME/CFS. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine the role of the autonomic nervous system in exercise-induced analgesia in healthy people and those with ME/CFS, by studying the recovery of autonomic parameters following aerobic exercise and the relation to changes in self-reported pain intensity...
March 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332029/brief-submaximal-isometric-exercise-improves-cold-pressor-pain-tolerance
#16
Emily Foxen-Craft, Lynnda M Dahlquist
Exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH), or the inhibition of pain following physical exercise, has been demonstrated in adults, but its mechanisms have remained unclear due to variations in methodology. This study aimed to address methodological imitations of past studies and contribute to the literature demonstrating the generalizability of EIH to brief submaximal isometric exercise and cold pressor pain. Young adults (n = 134) completed a baseline cold pressor trial, maximal voluntary contraction (hand grip strength) assessment, 10-min rest, and either a 2-min submaximal isometric handgrip exercise or a sham exercise in which no force was exerted, followed by a cold pressor posttest...
October 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282362/gene-to-gene-interactions-regulate-endogenous-pain-modulation-in-fibromyalgia-patients-and-healthy-controls-antagonistic-effects-between-opioid-and-serotonin-related-genes
#17
Jeanette Tour, Monika Löfgren, Kaisa Mannerkorpi, Björn Gerdle, Anette Larsson, Annie Palstam, Indre Bileviciute-Ljungar, Jan Bjersing, Ingvar Martin, Malin Ernberg, Martin Schalling, Eva Kosek
Chronic pain is associated with dysfunctional endogenous pain modulation, involving both central opioid and serotonergic (5-HT) signaling. Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic pain syndrome, characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain and reduced exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH). In this study, we assessed the effects of 3 functional genetic polymorphisms on EIH in 130 patients with FM and 132 healthy controls. Subjects were genotyped regarding the mu-opioid receptor (OPRM1) gene (rs1799971), the serotonin transporter (5-HTT) gene (5-HTTLPR/rs25531), and the serotonin-1a receptor (5-HT1a) gene (rs6296)...
July 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183823/occlusion-of-blood-flow-attenuates-exercise-induced-hypoalgesia-in-the-occluded-limb-of-healthy-adults
#18
Matthew D Jones, Janet L Taylor, Benjamin K Barry
Animal studies have demonstrated an important role of peripheral mechanisms as contributors to exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH). Whether these same mechanisms contribute to EIH in humans is not known. In the current study, pain thresholds were assessed in healthy volunteers ( n = 36) before and after 5 min of high-intensity leg cycling exercise and an equivalent period of quiet rest. Pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) were assessed over the rectus femoris muscle of one leg and first dorsal interosseous muscles (FDIs) of both arms...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162714/-465-exercise-induced-hypoalgesia-following-six-minute-walk-test
#19
A Alsouhibani, E Hrdina, R Krajewski, A Chirayil, S Stolzman, M Hoeger Bement
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096689/influence-of-exercise-on-visceral-pain-an-explorative-study-in-healthy-volunteers
#20
Laura Jgm van Weerdenburg, Christina Brock, Asbjørn Mohr Drewes, Harry van Goor, Marjan de Vries, Oliver Hg Wilder-Smith
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Contradictory results have been found about the effect of different exercise modalities on pain. The aim of this study was to investigate the early effects of aerobic and isometric exercise on different types of experimental pain, including visceral pain, compared to an active control condition. METHODS: Fifteen healthy subjects (6 women, mean [standard deviation] age 25 [6.5] years) completed 3 interventions consisting of 20 minutes of aerobic cycling, 12 minutes of isometric knee extension and a deep breathing procedure as active control...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
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