keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

leishmaniasis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332596/synthesis-and-characterization-of-thiocarbohydrazones-and-their-inhibitory-potential-against-ignored-disease-leishmaniasis
#1
Nida Ghouri, Khalid Mohammed Khan, Arshia, M Iqbal Choudhary, Shahnaz Perveen
BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis is a protozoan parasitic vector-borne disease which is endemic in 88 tropical countries. Infected sand fly is the main cause of this disease while, there are several vectors, parasites, and reservoirs involved in the transmission of this disease. Leishmania donovani, L. infantum, and L. chagasi are. common disease causing species, spread through sandflies. It is considered to be a focal disease having scattered foci. Leishmaniasis is a disease with a broad clinical spectrum...
January 14, 2018: Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329619/hepatic-fibropoiesis-in-dogs-naturally-infected-with-leishmania-leishmania-infantum-treated-with-liposome-encapsulated-meglumine-antimoniate-and-allopurinol
#2
R S Castro, I F G de Amorim, R A Pereira, S M Silva, L J Pinheiro, A J W Pinto, E G Azevedo, C Demicheli, M M V Caliari, D M Mosser, M S M Michalick, Frédéric J G Frezard, Wagner L Tafuri
Hepatic fibropoiesis in canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) were evaluated by histological (morphometrical collagen deposition) and immunohistochemical assays characterizing alpha-actin (α-SMA), vimentin, calprotectin (L1 antigen), and TGF-β in 46 naturally infected dogs with Leishmania infantum treated with liposome-encapsulated meglumine antimoniate and allopurinol separately and in combination. Six treatment groups were defined: meglumine antimoniate encapsulated in nanometric liposomes (LMA), allopurinol (ALLOP); liposome-encapsulated meglumine antomoniate combined with allopurinol (LMA+ALLOP); empty liposomes (LEMP); empty liposomes combined with allopurinol (LEMP+ALLOP) and saline...
January 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329311/harmonized-clinical-trial-methodologies-for-localized-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-and-potential-for-extensive-network-with-capacities-for-clinical-evaluation
#3
Piero Olliaro, Max Grogl, Marina Boni, Edgar M Carvalho, Houda Chebli, Mamoudou Cisse, Ermias Diro, Gláucia Fernandes Cota, Astrid C Erber, Endalamaw Gadisa, Farhad Handjani, Ali Khanesipour, Alejandro Llanos-Cuentas, Liliana López Carvajal, Lise Grout, Badre Eddine Lmimouni, Mourad Mokni, Mohammad Sami Nahzat, Afif Ben Salah, Yusuf Ozbel, Juan Miguel Pascale, Nidia Rizzo Molina, Joelle Rode, Gustavo Romero, José Antonio Ruiz-Postigo, Nancy Gore Saravia, Jaime Soto, Soner Uzun, Vahid Mashayekhi, Ivan Dario Vélez, Florian Vogt, Olga Zerpa, Byron Arana
INTRODUCTION: Progress with the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) has been hampered by inconsistent methodologies used to assess treatment effects. A sizable number of trials conducted over the years has generated only weak evidence backing current treatment recommendations, as shown by systematic reviews on old-world and new-world CL (OWCL and NWCL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a previously published guidance paper on CL treatment trial methodology as the reference, consensus was sought on key parameters including core eligibility and outcome measures, among OWCL (7 countries, 10 trial sites) and NWCL (7 countries, 11 trial sites) during two separate meetings...
January 12, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329207/arnica-tincture-cures-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-golden-hamsters
#4
Sara M Robledo, Ivan D Vélez, Thomas J Schmidt
In search for potential therapeutic alternatives to existing treatments for cutaneous Leishmaniasis, we have investigated the effect of Arnica tincture Ph. Eur. (a 70% hydroethanolic tincture prepared from flowerheads of Arnica montana L.) on the lesions caused by infection with Leishmania braziliensis in a model with golden hamsters. The animals were treated topically with a daily single dose of the preparation for 28 days. Subsequently, the healing process was monitored by recording the lesion size in intervals of 15 days up to day 90...
January 12, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324838/canine-visceral-leishmaniasis-diagnosis-and-management-of-the-reservoir-living-among-us
#5
REVIEW
Bruno L Travi, Anabela Cordeiro-da-Silva, Filipe Dantas-Torres, Guadalupe Miró
This article reviews essential topics of canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) due to Leishmania infantum infection. It focuses on the current serological and molecular diagnostic methods used in epidemiological research and veterinary clinics to diagnose CVL and includes new point-of-care (POC) tests under development. The efficacy of different treatment regimens on the clinical improvement and infectiousness of dogs is also addressed. In the last section, the review provides a critical appraisal of the effectiveness of different control measures that have been implemented to curb disease transmission...
January 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324760/bionomics-of-phlebotomus-argentipes-in-villages-in-bihar-india-with-insights-into-efficacy-of-irs-based-control-measures
#6
David M Poché, Rajesh B Garlapati, Shanta Mukherjee, Zaria Torres-Poché, Epco Hasker, Tahfizur Rahman, Aakanksha Bharti, Vishnu P Tripathi, Suman Prakash, Rahul Chaubey, Richard M Poché
BACKGROUND: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a deadly vector-borne disease. Approximately 90% of Indian VL cases occur in Bihar, where the sand fly, Phlebotomus argentipes, is the principal vector. Sand fly control in Bihar consists of indoor residual spraying (IRS), the practice of spraying the inner walls of village dwellings with insecticides. Prior researchers have evaluated success of IRS-control by estimating vector abundance in village houses, but the number of sampling periods (n = 2-3) were minimal, and outdoor-resting P...
January 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322057/epidemiological-study-on-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-an-endemic-area-of-qom-province-central-iran
#7
Abedin Saghafipour, Hassan Vatandoost, Ali Reza Zahraei-Ramazani, Mohammad Reza Yaghoobi-Ershadi, Moharram Karami Jooshin, Yavar Rassi, Mohammad Reza Shirzadi, Amir Ahmad Akhavan, Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd
Background: Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is one of the most important health problems in many areas of Iran. There are two forms of the disease in Iran, anthroponotic and zoonotic CL. This study conducted to assess the epidemiological situation of CL in an endemic area of Qom Province, central Iran from Apr to Nov 2015. Methods: The sticky paper traps and aspirating tubes were used for collecting adult sand flies. Sherman traps and small insect nets were used to capture rodents and small mammals...
September 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322056/field-evaluation-of-outdoor-ultra-low-volume-ulv-applications-against-phlebotomine-sand-flies-diptera-psychodidae-in-al-rabta-north-west-of-libya
#8
Mostafa Ramahdan Dokhan, Mohamed Amin Kenawy, Taher Shaibi, Badereddin Bashir Annajar
Background: Al Rabta is a rural area in the North-West of Libya that represents an important focus of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of Ultra Low Volume (ULV) applications in controlling sand flies and its impact on leishmaniasis transmission in this area. Methods: Two neighboring villages were selected: Al Rabta West (RW) as cypermethrin treated village and Al Rabta East (RE) as check one. The ULV was evaluated through 3 spraying cycles during Apr, Jun and Sep 2013...
September 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322055/the-pcr-rflp-based-detection-and-identification-of-the-leishmania-species-causing-human-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-the-khorasan-razavi-province-northeast-of-iran
#9
Anita Mohammadiha, Abdolhossein Dalimi, Mohammad Reza Mahmoodi, Mehdi Parian, Majid Pirestani, Mehdi Mohebali
Background: Leishmania tropica, the causative agent of anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL), and Leishmania major, which causes zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL), are endemic in Iran. Methods: Cross-sectional study was designed to identify Leishmania species in cutaneous leishmaniasis patients who referred to Mashhad Health Centers from 2013 to 2014 using ITS-PCR-RFLP technique. First, physical examinations were performed in all suspected patients and CL cases were confirmed with microscopical examinations...
September 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322016/evaluation-of-in%C3%A2-vitro-and-in%C3%A2-vivo-antileishmanial-potential-of-bergenin-rich-bergenia-ligulata-wall-engl-root-extract-against-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-inbred-balb-c-mice-through-immunomodulation
#10
Rupinder Kaur, Sukhbir Kaur
Background: Medicinal plants with immunomodulatory properties can provide good alternative therapeutics for curing visceral leishmaniasis. Bergenia ligulata (Wall.) Engl. is an interesting plant with strong antioxidant, antimicrobial, immunomodulatory and hepatoprotective properties. Aim: The present study was planned to determine the antileishmanial activity of plant extract by modulating the immune responses of inbred BALB/c mice. Methodology: Bergenin, the principle active component of B...
January 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318998/travel-related-parasitic-infections-in-travellers-to-southeast-asia-and-western-pacific-countries
#11
Eylem Akdur Öztürk, Ayşegül Ünver
In the last decades, there has been a significant increase in international human mobility with increase in the prosperity, travel possibilities, and number of refugees. In the first half of 2016, the Asian continent showed the fastest growth in the number of tourists. Such increase is seen due to the interest in Asian history, culture, and cuisine. In the globalizing world, human mobility causes changes in the epidemiology of diseases and the spread of various infections across continents. Parasitic infections that may pose a risk for travellers to the Asia-Pacific are malaria, leishmaniasis, filariasis, foodborne trematode infections, schistosomiasis, soil-transmitted infections, and tourist diarrhea...
December 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318992/cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-pediatric-patients-in-a-single-tertiary-hospital-in-ankara
#12
Ayşe Kaman, Gönül Tanır, Zeynep Gökçe Gayretli Aydın, Özge Metin, Türkan Aydın Teke, Fatma Nur Öz, Mesut Mungan
OBJECTIVE: Leishmaniasis is an infectious disease that is caused by a protozoan parasite of the Leishmania genus and that occurs worldwide. Leishmaniasis is endemic in southeastern Turkey and the neighboring Middle Eastern countries. The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics of patients admitted to our hospital with a diagnosis of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). METHODS: A total of 16 CL patients [11 (69%) boys and five (31%) girls] were admitted between January 2014 and December 2015...
December 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318986/oxidative-status-and-lipid-profile-among-dogs-at-different-stages-of-visceral-leishmaniasis
#13
Mehmet Gültekin, Serdar Paşa, Kerem Ural, Canberk Balıkçı, Gamze Sevri Ekren Aşıcı, Gamze Gültekin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to investigate the oxidative status and lipid profile among dogs at different stages of visceral leishmaniasis (VL). METHODS: Dogs with VL were divided into four groups according to the classification reported by the Leishvet group: stage I (n=9), stage II (n=11), stage III (n=6), and stage IV (n=6); these dogs were compared to healthy control dogs (n=14). The lipid profile [high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), cholesterol, and triglyceride levels) and oxidative status [total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total oxidant status (TOS), and paraoxonase-1 (PON-1) activity] were evaluated...
December 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317889/clinical-and-laboratory-analysis-of-patients-with-leishmaniasis-a-retrospective-study-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-new-delhi
#14
Nitin Gupta, Kamla Kant, Bijay Ranjan Mirdha
Background: Leishmaniasis manifests as visceral (VL), cutaneous (CL) or a dermal sequel of VL, known as Post kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL). The aim of the study was to analyze the clinical and laboratory features of cases diagnosed with leishmaniasis. Methods: This hospital-based retrospective study included all cases of VL, PKDL, and CL diagnosed between Jan 2011 to Jan 2016 at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi. Clinical and laboratory profile of the diagnosed cases were analyzed in detail...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317888/antileishmanial-activity-of-lavandula-angustifolia-and-rosmarinus-officinalis-essential-oils-and-nano-emulsions-on-leishmania-major-mrho-ir-75-er
#15
Azar Shokri, Majid Saeedi, Mahdi Fakhar, Katayoun Morteza-Semnani, Masoud Keighobadi, Saeed Hosseini Teshnizi, Hamid Reza Kelidari, Siamak Sadjadi
Background: The aim of present study was to evaluate antileishmanial effects of Lavandula angustifolia (L. angustifolia) and Rosmarinus officinalis (R. officinalis) medicinal plants essential oils and nano-emulsions on Leishmania major (L. major). Methods: The present study was performed in Leishmaniasis Reference Lab at Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Iran during 2016-2017. The IC50 values were calculated in both the promastigote and amastigote stages in J774 macrophage in comparison with meglumine antimoniate (MA) as positive control...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317879/clinical-features-of-anthroponotic-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-a-major-focus-southeastern-iran-1994-2014
#16
Ahmad Khosravi, Iraj Sharifi, Alireza Fekri, Alireza Kermanizadeh, Mehdi Bamorovat, Mahshid Mostafavi, Mohammad Reza Aflatoonian, Alireza Keyhani
Background: Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is associated with a broad and complex clinical spectrum of diseases. The objectives of this study were to assess the clinical features and identification of the causative agents of CL in a well-known focus of anthroponotic CL (ACL) caused by Leishmania tropica, southeast Iran. Methods: This study was performed randomly as a descriptive cross-sectional survey to evaluate 2000 CL patients by active and passive case-detection approaches in Kerman Province from 1994 to 2014...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317878/cytochrome-b-and-molecular-typing-of-leishmania-spp-in-a-passive-sampling-of-suspected-patients-with-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-sistan-and-baluchestan-province-eastern-iran
#17
Gholamreza Motalleb, Hadi Mirahmadi, Ahmad Zare-Zadeh, Ahmad Mehravaran
Background: Despite the high prevalence and drug resistance of disease in Sistan and Baluchestan Province of Iran, the species of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) has not been identified. In the present study, cytochrome b (Cyt b) was used in Sistan and Baluchestan to find species of Leishmania in suspected patients of CL using PCR-RFLP and DNA sequencing. Methods: This study was conducted from Oct 2015 to Oct 2016. The samples were collected from the individuals clinically suspected to CL and referred to Iran Shahr, Chabahar, Khash, Zabol, Zahedan, Mirjaveh, and Nikshahr health centers...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317875/diagnostic-accuracy-of-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-assay-as-a-field-molecular-tool-for-rapid-mass-screening-of-old-world-leishmania-infections-in-sand-flies-and-in-vitro-culture
#18
Mehdi Ghodrati, Adel Spotin, Teimour Hazratian, Mahmoud Mahami-Oskouei, Ali Bordbar, Sahar Ebrahimi, Shirzad Fallahi, Parviz Parvizi
Background: We employed a highly sensitive loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) by targeting 18S rRNA gene to identify the rapid mass screening of Leishmania infections in captured sand flies of southwest Iran and In vitro culture. Methods: One hundred fifty sand flies were collected from 11 sites adjacent to Iraqi's borders in southern parts of Khuzestan Province by using sticky sheets of paper and CDC miniature light traps during late May 2014 to Nov 2015...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317872/transmission-of-leishmania-infantum-by-rhipicephalus-sanguineus-acari-ixodidae-in-dogs
#19
Alaleh Rakhshanpour, Abdolali Malmasi, Mehdi Mohebali, Sedigheh Nabian, Hossein Mirhendi, Zabihollah Zarei, Abdolhossein Dalimi, Anita Mohammadiha, Behnaz Akhoundi, Amrollah Azarm
Background: Rhipicephalus sanguineus is the most widely distributed tick in the world, which is partly due to its biological flexibility and the global distribution of its major host, the domestic dog. In Mediterranean region it could be principal reservoir host for Leishmania infantum, usually transmitted by the phlebotomine sand flies. In this study, we evaluated the vector potential of R. sanguineus in transmitting L. infantum to uninfected dogs. Methods: During 2014, five dogs with clinical manifestations of canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL), high anti-Leishmania antibody titers and tick infestation, were selected from CVL endemic areas (Tehran and Alborz provinces)...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317800/leishmaniasis-in-humans-drug-or-vaccine-therapy
#20
REVIEW
Masoud Ghorbani, Ramin Farhoudi
Leishmania is an obligate intracellular pathogen that invades phagocytic host cells. Approximately 30 different species of Phlebotomine sand flies can transmit this parasite either anthroponotically or zoonotically through their bites. Leishmaniasis affects poor people living around the Mediterranean Basin, East Africa, the Americas, and Southeast Asia. Affected regions are often remote and unstable, with limited resources for treating this disease. Leishmaniasis has been reported as one of the most dangerous neglected tropical diseases, second only to malaria in parasitic causes of death...
2018: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
keyword
keyword
4100
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"