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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210555/breast-reconstruction-with-absorbable-mesh-sling-dynamic-infrared-thermography-of-skin-envelope
#1
Yoko Hashimoto, Naoki Watanabe, Takeshi Yuasa, Yoshinori Suzuki, Hiroshi Saisho
BACKGROUND: To immediate reconstruct ptosis breasts, we used polyglactin (Vicryl; Ethicon Inc., Somerville, NJ, USA) mesh as an inferolateral sling. However, Vicryl mesh is absorbable and losing function as a supporting structure. We doubt about the stability of the blood supply to the inferior part of the flap when it is in direct contact with inner implant. In this study, we examine the complications and the safety of the skin flap of this absorbable mesh sling (AMS) procedure. METHODS: The outcomes of 80 cases were examined, and the 1-year safety record of 40 cases was assessed...
February 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204830/monoclonal-antibody-against-toll-like-receptor%C3%A2-4-attenuates-ventilator-induced-lung-injury-in-rats-by-inhibiting-myd88-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-dependent-signaling
#2
Cuiyuan Huang, Linghui Pan, Fei Lin, Huijun Dai, Ruili Fu
The mechanisms through which mechanical ventilation causes non-infectious inflammatory diseases and lung injury are poorly understood. Animals models of this type of injury suggest that it involves signaling mediated by Toll‑like receptor (TLR)4 and 9. In this study, in order to gain further insight into the involvement of TLR4 in this type of injury, we performed in vivo and in vitro experiments to determine the mechanisms through which TLR4 triggers inflammation. We also examined whether the use of TLR4 monoclonal antibody (mAb) can alleviate this type of injury...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203468/nonconvulsive-status-epilepticus-resembling-clinical-absence-with-atypical-eeg-pattern
#3
Channaiah Srikanth Mysore, Najib Murr, Rana Zabad, John Bertoni
Objective. We are reporting two cases: a patient with steroid responsive encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroiditis (SREAT) and another patient with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS), both presenting with altered mental status (AMS) and later diagnosed with nonconvulsive atypical absence status epilepticus (AS), with atypical EEG changes. Methods. A report of two cases. Results. A patient with history of SREAT and the other with SPMS had multiple admissions due to AMS. For both, EEG revealed the presence of a high voltage generalized sharply contoured theta activity...
2017: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192260/risk-factors-and-independent-predictors-of-30-day-readmission-for-altered-mental-status-after-elective-spine-surgery-for-spine-deformity-a-single-institutional-study-of-1090-patients
#4
Aladine A Elsamadicy, Owoicho Adogwa, Gireesh B Reddy, Amanda Sergesketter, Hunter Warwick, Terrell Jones, Joseph Cheng, Carlos A Bagley, Isaac O Karikari
BACKGROUND: Altered Mental Status (AMS) has been associated with inferior surgical outcomes. The factors leading to AMS after spine surgery are unknown. The aim of this study is to determine the risk factors and independent predictors of 30-day readmission for AMS in spine deformity patients after undergoing elective spine surgery. METHODS: The medical records of 1090 adult (≥18 years old) spine deformity patients undergoing elective spine surgery at a major academic institution from 2005 to 2015 were reviewed...
February 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177393/acidogenic-mineral-additions-increased-ca-mobilization-in-prepartum-sows
#5
C Darriet, D E Axe, T D Crenshaw
Increased sow milk production is associated with an increase in unexplained sow mortality during prepartum and early postpartum periods. This association has led to purported claims of hypocalcemic disorders. Assuming similar responses as dairy cows, feeding anionic mineral salts in late gestation and early lactation may reduce potential hypocalcemia related disorders in sows. Two experiments using CAD-MATE (Granco Minerals, Petersburg, VA), an acidogenic mineral supplement (AMS), were designed to determine the amount required to increase urinary Ca excretion and to identify renal compensatory responses to acid loads in sows...
January 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169469/long-term-outcomes-of-primary-implantation-and-revisions-of-artificial-urinary-sphincter-in-men-with-stress-urinary-incontinence
#6
Yoon Seok Suh, Kwang Jin Ko, Tae Heon Kim, Hyun Hwan Sung, Kyu-Sung Lee
AIMS: To evaluate long-term outcomes of primary implantation and revisions of artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) in men with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: The medical records of 155 consecutive patients who underwent AMS 800™ implantation from 2003 to 2015 were reviewed. Treatment success (TS) was defined as no need for pads, and social continence (SC) was defined as a need for pad ≤1/day at last follow-up. The efficacy, complication rates, and associated risk factors with reoperation and durability of primary AUS implantation, as well as treatment outcomes following AUS revision were evaluated...
February 7, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166876/development-of-a-usability-evaluation-method-using-natural-product-use-motion
#7
Joonho Chang, Kihyo Jung, Wonsup Lee, Heecheon You
The present study developed and tested a new usability evaluation method which considers natural product-use motions. The proposed method measures both natural product-use motions (NMs) and actual product-use motions (AMs) for a product using an optical motion capture system and examines the usability of the product based on motion similarity (MS; %) between NMs and AMs. The proposed method was applied to a usability test of four vacuum cleaners (A, B, C, and D) with 15 participants and their MSs were compared with EMG measurements and subjective discomfort ratings...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161171/technical-note-effects-of-attachment-of-hind-teats-before-cleaning-and-attachment-of-front-teats-on-milking-characteristics-in-automatic-milking-systems
#8
J Besier, G Schüpbach-Regula, O Wellnitz, R M Bruckmaier
Milking characteristics differ between the 4 quarters of a dairy cow udder. In particular, milking time is mostly prolonged in hind quarters compared with front quarters because of the usually higher amount of stored milk. The standard milking routine (STDMR) in both conventional and automatic milking systems (AMS) consists of teat preparation of all 4 quarters, followed by attachment of the 4 teat cups, regardless of the distribution of milk between quarters. In the current study, an alternative teat preparation and milking routine (ALTMR) in AMS was tested, which consisted of cleaning and starting the milking of hind teats before cleaning and attachment of front teats...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156025/staff-experiences-of-appreciative-management-in-the-institutional-care-of-people-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Lena Astala, Mervi Roos, Merja Harmoinen, Tarja Suominen
PURPOSE/DESIGN: This cross-sectional descriptive study describes staff experiences of appreciative management. METHODS: Data were collected by way of e-survey from staff (n = 87) working in the institutional care of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. The Appreciative Management Scale (AMS 1.0) was used and data were analysed by statistical methods. FINDINGS: Overall, respondents experienced appreciative management as being well implemented, with equality as the best implemented dimension and systematic management the worst...
February 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153438/analysis-of-radionuclides-at-ultra-low-levels-a-comparison-of-low-and-high-energy-mass-spectrometry-with-gamma-spectrometry-for-radiopurity-measurements
#10
Pavel P Povinec
Recent developments in high-energy accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) and low-energy inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICPMS) made them the most sensitive techniques for ultra low-level analysis of (238)U and (232)Th. Detection limits below 1 nBq g(-1) for analysis of these radionuclides in construction materials were obtained. The most important development in the radiometric sector was operation of HPGe detectors in underground laboratories where detection limits of about 1 µBq kg(-1) were obtained...
January 26, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147291/source-apportionment-of-ambient-fine-and-coarse-particulate-matter-at-the-fort-mckay-community-site-in-the-athabasca-oil-sands-region-alberta-canada
#11
Matthew S Landis, J Patrick Pancras, Joseph R Graney, Emily M White, Eric S Edgerton, Allan Legge, Kevin E Percy
An ambient air particulate matter sampling study was conducted at the Wood Buffalo Environmental Association (WBEA) AMS-1 Fort McKay monitoring station in the Athabasca Oil Sand Region (AOSR) in Alberta, Canada from February 2010 to July 2011. Daily 24h integrated fine (PM2.5) and coarse (PM10-2.5) particulate matter was collected using a sequential dichotomous sampler. Over the duration of the study, 392 valid daily dichotomous PM2.5 and PM10-2.5 sample pairs were collected with concentrations of 6.8±12.9μgm(-3) (mean±standard deviation) and 6...
January 29, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145519/eramosa-controls-lateral-branching-in-snapdragon
#12
Chiara Mizzotti, Bianca M Galliani, Ludovico Dreni, Hans Sommer, Aureliano Bombarely, Simona Masiero
Plant forms display a wide variety of architectures, depending on the number of lateral branches, internode elongation and phyllotaxy. These are in turn determined by the number, the position and the fate of the Axillary Meristems (AMs). Mutants that affect AM determination during the vegetative phase have been isolated in several model plants. Among these genes, the GRAS transcription factor LATERAL SUPPRESSOR (Ls) plays a pivotal role in AM determination during the vegetative phase. Hereby we characterize the phylogenetic orthologue of Ls in Antirrhinum, ERAMOSA (ERA)...
February 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141866/spatio-temporal-variation-and-futuristic-emission-scenario-of-ambient-nitrogen-dioxide-over-an-urban-area-of-eastern-india-using-gis-and-coupled-aermod-wrf-model
#13
Sharadia Dey, Srimanta Gupta, Precious Sibanda, Arun Chakraborty
The present study focuses on the spatio-temporal variation of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) during June 2013 to May 2015 and its futuristic emission scenario over an urban area (Durgapur) of eastern India. The concentration of ambient NO2 shows seasonal as well as site specific characteristics. The site with high vehicular density (Muchipara) shows highest NO2 concentration followed by industrial site (DVC- DTPS Colony) and the residential site (B Zone), respectively. The seasonal variation of ambient NO2 over the study area is portrayed by means of Geographical Information System based Digital Elevation Model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139331/a-comparative-study-of-129-i-content-in-environmental-standard-materials-iaea-375-nist-srm-4354-and-nist-srm-4357-by-thermal-ionization-mass-spectrometry-and-accelerator-mass-spectrometry
#14
John Olson, Mary Adamic, Darin Snyder, Jacob Brookhart, Paula Hahn, Matthew Watrous
Iodine environmental measurements have consistently been validated in the literature using the standard material IAEA-375, soil collected approximately 160 miles northeast of Chernobyl, which is currently the only soil/sediment material with a certified (129)I activity. IAEA-375 has not been available for purchase since approximately 2010. Two other standard materials that are available (NIST SRM 4354, freshwater lake sediment and NIST SRM 4357, ocean sediment) have certified activities for a variety of radionuclides but not for (129)I...
January 25, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134841/ultrafine-and-fine-particulate-matter-inside-and-outside-of-mechanically-ventilated-buildings
#15
Shelly L Miller, Nick A Facciola, Darin Toohey, John Zhai
The objectives of this study were to measure levels of particulate matter (PM) in mechanically ventilated buildings and to improve understanding of filtration requirements to reduce exposure. With the use of an Ultra High Sensitivity Aerosol Spectrometer and an Aerodyne Mass Spectrometer, ultrafine (0.055-0.1 μm) and fine (0.1-0.7 μm) indoor and outdoor PM was measured as a function of time in an office, a university building, and two elementary schools. Indoor particle levels were highly correlated with outdoor levels...
January 28, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132014/obstetrical-brachial-plexus-injury-obpi-canada-s-national-clinical-practice-guideline
#16
Christopher J Coroneos, Sophocles H Voineskos, Marie K Christakis, Achilleas Thoma, James R Bain, Melissa C Brouwers
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to establish an evidence-based clinical practice guideline for the primary management of obstetrical brachial plexus injury (OBPI). This clinical practice guideline addresses 4 existing gaps: (1) historic poor use of evidence, (2) timing of referral to multidisciplinary care, (3) Indications and timing of operative nerve repair and (4) distribution of expertise. SETTING: The guideline is intended for all healthcare providers treating infants and children, and all specialists treating upper extremity injuries...
January 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129730/functional-outcome-prediction-after-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-based-on-acute-clinical-factors
#17
Ludovic Kaminski, Virginie Cordemans, Edouard Cernat, Kouamé Innocent M'Bra, Jean-Marc Mac-Thiong
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating condition that affects patient on a personal as well as on a societal level. The objective of the study is to improve the prediction of long-term functional outcome following SCI based on the acute clinical findings. 76 patients with acute traumatic SCI were prospectively enrolled in a cohort study in a single level I trauma center. Spinal Cord Independence Measure (SCIM) at 1 year after the trauma was the primary outcome. Potential predictors of functional outcome were recorded during the acute hospitalization: age, sex, level and type of injury, comorbidities, American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Impairment Scale (AIS), ASIA Motor Score (AMS), ASIA Light Touch score (LT), ASIA Pin Prick score (PP), Injury Severity Score (ISS), Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and delay from trauma to surgery...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125722/antimicrobial-use-and-veterinary-care-among-agro-pastoralists-in-northern-tanzania
#18
Mark A Caudell, Marsha B Quinlan, Murugan Subbiah, Douglas R Call, Casey J Roulette, Jennifer W Roulette, Adam Roth, Louise Matthews, Robert J Quinlan
Frequent and unregulated use of antimicrobials (AM) in livestock requires public health attention as a likely selection pressure for resistant bacteria. Studies among small-holders, who own a large percentage of the world's livestock, are vital for understanding how practices involving AM use might influence resistance. We present a cultural-ecological mixed-methods analysis to explore sectors of veterinary care, loosely regulated AM use, and human exposure to AMs through meat and milk consumption across three rural to peri-urban Tanzanian ethnic groups (N = 415 households)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124761/laboratory-and-clinical-reliability-of-conformally-coated-subretinal-implants
#19
Renate Daschner, Udo Greppmaier, Martin Kokelmann, Sandra Rudorf, Ralf Rudorf, Sebastian Schleehauf, Walter G Wrobel
Despite recent developments and new treatments in ophthalmology there is nothing available to cure retinal degenerations like Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP) yet. One of the most advanced approaches to treat people that have gone blind due to RP is to replace the function of the degenerated photoreceptors by a microelectronic neuroprosthetic device. Basically, this subretinal active implant transforms the incoming light into electric pulses to stimulate the remaining cells of the retina. The functional time of such devices is a crucial aspect...
March 2017: Biomedical Microdevices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123400/six-psychotropics-for-pre-symptomatic-early-alzheimer-s-mci-parkinson-s-and-huntington-s-disease-modification
#20
REVIEW
Edward C Lauterbach
The quest for neuroprotective drugs to slow the progression of neurodegenerative diseases (NDDs), including Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), and Huntington's disease (HD), has been largely unrewarding. Preclinical evidence suggests that repurposing quetiapine, lithium, valproate, fluoxetine, donepezil, and memantine for early and pre-symptomatic disease-modification in NDDs may be promising and can spare regulatory barriers. The literature of these psychotropics in early stage and pre-symptomatic AD, PD, and HD is reviewed and propitious findings follow...
November 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
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