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Incontinence urinary

R M Islam, R J Bell, B Billah, M B Hossain, S R Davis
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of, and risk factors for, pelvic floor disorders (PFDs) in women in Bangladesh. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of 1590 Bangladeshi women, aged 30-59 years, was recruited using a multistage cluster sampling technique, between September 2013 and March 2014. Urinary incontinence (UI), fecal incontinence (FI) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) were assessed using validated questionnaires. The weighted prevalence and the factors associated with each PFD were investigated using multivariable weighted logistic regression...
October 20, 2016: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
Xianghua Liang, Lili Zhang, Yanwei Lv
AIM: A complete and non-splice porcine small-intestine submucosa (SIS) patch was used for total pelvic anatomical repair of organ prolapse. METHODS: This study included a total of 17 patients with severe total pelvic organ prolapse, including five patients with combined stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Panhysterectomy was performed, and then a porcine SIS patch was placed on the anterior (posterior) vaginal wall. The top of the vaginal wall was moved to the corresponding side of the vaginal wall, and the patch was sutured to bilateral uterosacral ligaments, the sacrospinous ligament, and arcus tendineus fasciae pelvis...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Mehmet Erol Yıldırım, Metin Canbal, Ekrem Ozyuvali, Ömer Faruk Karataş
OBJECTIVE: Urinary tract conditions have been an important part of diseases from antiquity until today. Historically, many plants and herbs have been used for the treatment of urinary disorders. METHODS: Celâlüddîn Hızır bin Ali el-Konevi (Hadji Pasha) is one of the most famous physician who lived in Anatolia between 13th and 14th centuries. He has written one of the most important medical books of that era, "Müntehab-ıŞifa" (solution of wellness) in Turkish...
September 2016: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
Kamille Abdool, Karan Seegobin, Kanterpersad Ramcharan, Adrian Alexander, Leandra Julien-Legen, Stanley Lawrence Giddings, Samuel Aboh, Fidel Rampersad
We report a case of a 46-year-old man presenting with a progressive cognitive decline, ataxic gait, urinary incontinence for 4 months and neuroimaging consistent with normal pressure hydrocephalus. The atypical presentation of a progressively worsening dysphasia and a right hemiparesis dismissed as a vascular event 1 month earlier associated with normal pressure hydrocephalus prompted further investigations confirming neurosyphilis also manifesting as dementia paralytica. Treatment using consensus guidelines led to resumption of activities of daily living...
September 30, 2016: Neurology International
Takayuki Sumiyoshi, Jin Kohno, Atsushi Maeno, Kazutoshi Okubo, Takeshi Takahashi, Kenji Mitsumori, Kazuo Nishimura
Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) is a standard surgical procedure for treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). A low incidence of postoperative urinary incontinence in association with anteroposterior dissection HoLEP was recently reported. We evaluated 66 patients with BPH who underwent anteroposterior dissection HoLEP from March 2013 to November 2014. The International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), quality of life (QOL) index, maximum flow rate (Qmax), and post-void residual urine volume (PVR) were assessed preoperatively and at 1 and 3 months after treatment...
September 2016: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
S X Tang, H L Zhou, Y L Ding
Objective: To analyze the effectiveness of transurethral seminal vesiculoscopy in the treatment of persistent hematospermia, and oligoasthenozoospermia and azoospermia from ejaculatory duct obstruction. Methods: The clinical date of 56 cases of persistent hematospermia, or azoospermia/oligoasthenozoospermia from ejaculatory duct obstruction treated with transurethral seminal vesiculoscopy between November 2013 and January 2016 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University were reviewed. A total of 30 cases were persistent hematospermia for 6 months to 3 years, with no response to routine antibiotic therapy for >4 weeks; 24 cases were obstructive azoospermia; and the other 2 cases were extreme oligoasthenozoospermia...
September 27, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Emily McNicholas, Ahmed H Abdelhafiz
Unexplained fever and confusion is a common reason for emergency medical admission. When this occurs in the context of new urinary incontinence, a urinary tract infection may be considered to be the most likely cause. However it is also important to consider spinal pathology when this combination of symptoms arises. We present a case of a retropharygeal collection presenting in a patient with this combination of symptoms.
2016: Acute Medicine
Mahmut Kuntay Kokanalı, Sabri Cavkaytar, Demet Kokanalı, Orhan Aksakal, Melike Doganay
There is little data comparing the surgical outcomes of tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) and transobturator tape (TOT) procedures in obese women. Therefore, we aimed to compare the surgical outcomes of TOT and TVT procedures among obese women with a diagnosis of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). One hundred and eighty-nine women who underwent TVT or TOT procedures due to pure SUI were included. Women in whom the body mass index (BMI) was ≥30 kg/m(2) were considered as obese, while <30 kg/m(2) were non-obese...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gülten Güvenç, Semra Kocaöz, Gülşah Kök
Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common health problem and negatively affects the quality of life of women who are afflicted. The aim of the study is to explore the prevalence and risk factors of UI among climacteric Turkish women and to examine the effects of UI on their quality of life. This cross-sectional study was conducted with 258 women aged 40-64 years who visited the outpatient clinic in Ankara, Turkey, between 15 June 2012 and 15 January 2013. The data were collected using the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form and the Incontinence Quality of Life Questionnaire...
October 19, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Practice
Shi Lu, Hong-Ling Zhang, Ya-Jun Zhang, Qing-Chun Shao
This study investigated the prevalence and risk factors of urinary incontinence (UI) among perimenopausal women in Wuhan. A cross-sectional survey was performed on 1067 women aged 40-65 years sampled in Wuhan urban area from April to October 2014. Information about demographic characteristics, menstruation, parity and UI symptoms was collected using a questionnaire. The data were evaluated by Chi-square test and multiple Logistic regression analysis. The prevalence rate of UI was 37.2%, with stress UI (32.2%) being more prevalent than urgency UI (21...
October 2016: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
Yuko M Komesu, Rebecca G Rogers, Robert E Sapien, Ronald M Schrader, Timothy Simmerman-Sierra, Andrew R Mayer, Loren H Ketai
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We describe the rationale and methodology for a study comparing mind-body treatment and pharmacotherapy in women with urgency urinary incontinence (UUI). To explore brain associations in UUI, a subset of patients will also undergo functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). We hypothesize that hypnotherapy, a mind-body intervention, will be at least as effective as pharmacotherapy in treating UUI. We also hypothesize that fMRI findings will change following treatment, with changes potentially differing between groups...
October 17, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
Dorothy Kammerer-Doak, Kamil Svabik, Tony Bazi
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Members of the International Urogynecological Association (IUGA) come from different geographic locations and practice settings. A member survey regarding practice patterns provides valuable information for practitioners and researchers alike, and allows the IUGA to discover areas to focus on education and information dissemination. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed by the IUGA Research and Development committee and distributed electronically to IUGA surgeons...
October 17, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
W Y Zhang, X P Zhang, J W Chen, Y R Sun, J Wang, H Hu, K X Xu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate age related changes in urodynamic parameters of women with urinary incontinence. METHODS: From May 2008 to October 2015, a total of 214 patients diagnosed with urinary incontinence in Peking University People's Hospital was involved in this study. Average age was (56.97±10.68) years, ranging from 30 to 82 years, and average history was (8.44±8.85) years, ranging from one month to 50 years. Urodynamic examinations of each patient were taken before operation routinely in Department of Urology, Peking University People's Hospital...
October 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Alan J Wein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Urology
Xavier Boronat-Garrido, Jan Kottner, Gabriela Schmitz, Nils Lahmann
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence and severity of incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD) in incontinent nursing home residents by using the Incontinence-Associated Dermatitis Intervention Tool-D (IADIT-D) and to identify potential risk factors. METHODS: From 2012 to 2014, 3 consecutive annual cross-sectional multicenter studies in 5785 residents in 78 German nursing homes were conducted. Secondary data analysis was performed including all incontinent residents with complete data from the German version of the IADIT-D and validated instrument to assess IAD...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
Jeroen R Scheepe, Bertil F M Blok, Lisette A 't Hoen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this article is to provide an overview about the applicability of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) in paediatric neurogenic bladder based on the recently published literature combined with hypothetical notes and future perspectives. RECENT FINDINGS: The indications, clinical outcomes, urodynamic outcome parameters and cost-effectiveness are presented from recent publications. Also, alternative routes of application of BTX-A in the bladder are discussed as well as the influence of BTX-A on conservative and invasive treatment...
September 29, 2016: Current Opinion in Urology
Jonathan Shaw, Kyle Wohlrab, Charles Rardin
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective is to determine the relative risk (RR) of reoperation for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) recurrence after midurethral sling (MUS) division or excision. Our secondary objective is to determine the RR of SUI symptom recurrence according to differing techniques of revision. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of all women who underwent surgical revision of an MUS by the Division of Urogynecology at the Women & Infants' Hospital during a 10-year period between October 1, 2004, and October 1, 2014...
September 29, 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Hiroshi Shimura, Takahiko Mitsui, Tadashi Aoki, Manabu Kamiyama, Takashi Yamagishi, Masayuki Takeda
Inverted-Y ureteral duplication is one of the rarest anomalies of ureteral branching. We encountered a 20-year-old female patient with persistent incontinence even after nephrectomy for ectopic ureteral insertion into the vagina. She had inverted-Y ureteral duplication between the bladder and vagina, and urine was being transported from the bladder to the vagina. To the best of our knowledge, this is a rare case of inverted-Y ureteral duplication with ectopic ureteral insertion into the vagina as well as the ureter into the bladder, which became apparent due to persistent urinary incontinence even after nephrectomy...
November 2016: Urology Case Reports
Hung-Jui Tan, Siwei Xiong, Aaron A Laviana, Ryan J Chuang, Eric Treat, Patrick C Walsh, Jim C Hu
INTRODUCTION: Postprostatectomy incontinence significantly impairs quality of life. Although bladder neck intussusception has been reported to accelerate urinary recovery after open radical retropubic prostatectomy, its adaption to robotic surgery has not been assessed. Accordingly, we describe our technique and compare outcomes between men treated with and without bladder neck intussusception during robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a comparative trial of 48 men undergoing robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy alternating between bladder neck intussusception (n = 24) and nonintussusception (n = 24)...
October 12, 2016: Urologic Oncology
Philipp Mandel, Felix Preisser, Markus Graefen, Thomas Steuber, Georg Salomon, Alexander Haese, Uwe Michl, Hartwig Huland, Derya Tilki
: Urinary incontinence (UI) and erectile dysfunction (ED) after radical prostatectomy (RP) can impose a strong burden. While most studies focus on certain time points after RP when analyzing functional outcome, there is paucity of evidence on late functional recovery in patients with UI or ED at 12 mo after RP. Using longitudinal patient data from a large European single-center, we show that the chance of regaining continence among patients (n=974) with UI (≥1 pad/24h) at 12 mo after RP was 38...
October 12, 2016: European Urology
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