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Incontinence urinary

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641294/the-impact-of-gender-on-tumour-stage-in-in-house-complications-and-choice-of-urinary-diversion-results-of-the-austrian-cystectomy-registry
#1
Tanja Gschliesser, Klaus Eredics, Ingrid Berger, Michael Szelinger, Hans Christoph Klingler, Thomas Colombo, Anton Ponholzer, Eugen Plas, Karl Grubmüller, Michael Dunzinger, Klaus Jeschke, Erich Würnschimmel, Frens Steffen Krause, Sharokh Shariat, Karl Leeb, Alexandre Pelzer, Claus Riedl, Michael Rauchenwald, Wilhelm Hübner, Clemens Brössner, Stephan Madersbacher
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Bladder cancer is characterized by gender-dependent disparities. To further address this issue, we analysed a prospective, multicentre cystectomy registry. METHODS: An online database was developed that included patient demographics, intra/perioperative data, surgical data and in-house complications. RESULTS: Four hundred fifty-eight patients (112 [24.5%] women and 346 [75.5%] men) were analysed. Men and women were comparable regarding age (mean 68 years), body mass index (mean 26...
June 23, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637110/guidelines-for-cauda-equina-syndrome-red-flags-and-white-flags-systematic-review-and-implications-for-triage
#2
Nicholas V Todd
INTRODUCTION: Patients with cauda equina syndrome (CES) are frequently referred late when neurological damage cannot be reversed. National Guidelines for emergency referral, imaging and treatment of CES contain symptoms and/or signs that are those of late often, irreversible CES. Referral at this stage may be too late for that patient. METHODS: Seven sources were reviewed. Advice re emergency referral/imaging/treatment were reviewed. Symptoms/signs were compared with a standard classification of CES...
March 2, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635237/-comparison-of-the-short-term-and-long-term-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-surgery-and-open-surgery-for-early-stage-cervical-cancer
#3
H Y He, Z J Yang, D Y Zeng, D S Yao, J T Fan, R F Zhao, J Q Zhang, X X Hu, Z Lin, Y M Jiang, L Li
Objective: To evaluate the short-term and long-term outcomes after laparoscopic surgery compared with traditional laparotomy in cases of stage ⅠA2-ⅡA2 cervical cancer. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study on the clinical data of 1 863 patients diagnosed as FIGO stages ⅠA2-ⅡA2 cervical cancer in 6 third-grade class-A hospitals in Guangxi province between January 2007 and May 2014. One thousand and seventy-one received laparoscopy, and 792 received laparotomy. T-test, U-test and χ(2) test were used to compare the short-term and long-term outcomes...
June 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633096/hysterectomy-is-not-associated-with-de-novo-urinary-incontinence-a-ten-year-cohort-study
#4
Ulla J Christiansen, Mette J Hansen, Finn F Lauszus
OBJECTIVE: To determine prevalence, incidence proportion, and changes of urinary incontinence (UI) 10-13 years after hysterectomy compared to two control groups. STUDY DESIGN: A longitudinal cohort study of 661 women with follow-up for ten years. Originally, 866 women answered a questionnaire on continence status preoperatively. Ten years postoperatively the queries were repeated in 371 with a hysterectomy, 89 with laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), and 201 with transcervical endometrial resection (TCRE)...
June 16, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633095/development-and-validation-of-the-polish-version-of-the-urogenital-distress-inventory-short-form-and-the-incontinence-impact-questionnaire-short-form
#5
Katarzyna A Skorupska, Pawel Miotla, Agnieszka Kubik-Komar, Pawel Skorupski, Tomasz Rechberger
OBJECTIVE: The Incontinence Impact Questionnaire (IIQ) measures the impact of urinary incontinence on activities, roles, and emotional states of women, whereas the Urogenital Distress Inventory (UDI) measures how troubling the symptoms are. The aim of this study was to develop and assess the effectiveness of a Polish version of the IIQ and UDI. STUDY DESIGN: The translation into Polish followed standardized procedures. 206 women aged between 31 and 83 years were included into the study...
June 15, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631875/nursing-assessment-as-an-effective-tool-for-the-identification-of-delirium-risk-in-older-in-patients-a-case-control-study
#6
Elena Solà-Miravete, Carlos López, Estrella Martínez-Segura, Mireia Adell-Lleixà, Maria Eulàlia Juvé-Udina, Mar Lleixà-Fortuño
AIMS: To evaluate the usefulness of comprehensive nursing assessment as a strategy for determining the risk of delirium in older in-patients from a model of care needs based on variables easily measured by nurses. BACKGROUND: There are many scales of assessment and prediction of risk of delirium, but they are little known and infrequently used by professionals. Recognition of delirium by doctors and nurses continues to be limited. DESIGN AND METHODS: A case-control study...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631835/suprameatal-urethrolysis-with-martius-flap-for-refractory-bladder-outflow-obstruction-following-stress-incontinence-surgery-in-females
#7
Janine L Oliver, Shlomo Raz
AIMS: To present our technique of suprameatal urethrolysis with Martius flap (SMUM) and outcomes of this procedure for refractory female bladder outflow obstruction (BOO). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed to identify female patients who underwent SMUM between January 2010 and August 2016 after failed transvaginal urethrolysis (TVU) for BOO due to prior stress urinary incontinence (SUI) surgery. The primary outcome measure was surgical success defined as patient ability to void volitionally without need for catheterization or additional surgery for BOO...
June 20, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631830/overactive-bladder-symptoms-after-midurethral-sling-surgery-in-women-risk-factors-and-management
#8
Tom Marcelissen, Philip Van Kerrebroeck
INTRODUCTION: Overactive bladder syndrome (OAB) including urgency and urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) occurs frequently after stress urinary incontinence (SUI) surgery. It is important to identify the risk factors for the occurrence of OAB symptoms in order to adequately inform the patient before surgery. Furthermore, when facing OAB after sling surgery it is crucial to know how to manage these symptoms. METHODS: We conducted a literature review in order to assess the risk factors and management of OAB symptoms after SUI surgery...
June 20, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629786/-pregnancy-and-delivery-for-women-with-congenital-spinal-cord-defects-and-neurogenic-bladder
#9
Q Manach, M Dommergues, P Denys, K Loiseau, B Idiard-Chamois, E Chartier-Kastler, V Phé
INTRODUCTION: Data are scarce regarding pregnancy and delivery among women with a neurogenic bladder due to congenital spinal cord defects. OBJECTIVE: To report the obstetrical and urological outcomes of women with congenital spinal cord defects and vesico-sphincteric disorders. METHODS: A retrospective multicentric study included all consecutive women with a neurogenic bladder due to congenital spinal defects, who delivered between January 2005 and December 2014...
June 16, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627397/long-term-efficacy-of-young-dees-bladder-neck-reconstruction-role-of-the-associated-bladder-neck-injection-for-the-treatment-of-children-with-urinary-incontinence
#10
A Faure, G Hery, E Mille, P Orillac, B Da Silva, T Merrot, M Haddad, J M Guys
OBJECTIVE: To compare the long-term efficacy of Young-Dees bladder neck reconstruction (YDBNR) alone versus YDBNR plus BNI in patients with urinary incontinence caused by urethral sphincter insufficiency. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 1987 and 2006, we assessed the continence rates obtained with YDBNR and BNI as a supplementary treatment for persistent outlet insufficiency in patients with neurogenic bladder (group-1, n = 35) and bladder exstrophy (group-2, n = 20)...
June 13, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627109/high-power-magnetotherapy-a-new-weapon-in-urinary-incontinence
#11
Maria Vadalà, Beniamino Palmieri, Andrea Malagoli, Carmen Laurino
OBJECTIVE: Urinary incontinence (UI) is one of the most common urinary system diseases that mostly affects women but also men. We evaluated the therapeutic efficacy of functional magnetic stimulation (FMS) as potential UI treatment with improvements in the pelvic floor musculature, urodynamic tests and quality of life. METHODS: A total of 20 UI patients (10 females and 10 men, mean age 64, 14 years), including 10 with stress UI, four with urgency UI and six with mixed UI, were treated with FMS (20 min/session) twice a week for 3 weeks...
June 18, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626856/delivery-parameters-neonatal-parameters-and-incidence-of-urinary-incontinence-6-months-postpartum-a-cohort-study
#12
Stian Langeland Wesnes, Yngvild Hannestad, Guri Rortveit
INTRODUCTION: Contradictory results have been reported regarding most delivery parameters as risk factors for urinary incontinence. We investigated the association between incidence of urinary incontinence six months postpartum and single obstetric risk factors as well as combinations of risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This study was based on the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study, conducted by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health during 1998-2008. This substudy was based on 7561 primiparous women who were continent before and during pregnancy...
June 19, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625508/surgical-treatment-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-aua-sufu-guideline
#13
Kathleen C Kobashi, Michael E Albo, Roger R Dmochowski, David A Ginsberg, Howard B Goldman, Alexander Gomelsky, Stephen R Kraus, Jaspreet S Sandhu, Tracy Shepler, Jonathan R Treadwell, Sandip Vasavada, Gary E Lemack
PURPOSE: Stress urinary incontinence is a common problem experienced by many women that can have a significant negative impact on the quality of life of those who suffer from the condition and potentially those friends and family members whose lives and activities may also be limited. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive search of the literature was performed by ECRI Institute. This search included articles published between January 2005 and December 2015 with an updated abstract search conducted through September 2016...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624919/physical-activity-and-pelvic-floor-muscle-training-in-patients-with-pelvic-organ-prolapse-a-pilot-study
#14
Mifuka Ouchi, Kumiko Kato, Momokazu Gotoh, Shigeyuki Suzuki
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The details of the physical activity in patients with mild to moderate pelvic organ prolapse (Pmoderate pelvic organ prolapse (POP) remain under-studied. The purpose of the present study was to investigate objective physical activity levels and the changes in pelvic floor muscle(PFM) strength, symptoms and quality of life (QOL) between before and after PFM training (PFMT) in patients with POP. METHODS: In a prospective pilot study, 29 patients with stage II or III POP completed approximately 16 weeks of PFMT...
June 17, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624554/outcomes-of-urethroplasty-to-treat-urethral-strictures-arising-from-artificial-urinary-sphincter-erosions-and-rates-of-subsequent-device-replacement
#15
Sorena Keihani, Jason C Chandrapal, Andrew C Peterson, Joshua A Broghammer, Nathan Chertack, Sean P Elliott, Keith F Rourke, Nejd F Alsikafi, Jill C Buckley, Benjamin N Breyer, Thomas G Smith, Bryan B Voelzke, Lee C Zhao, William O Brant, Jeremy B Myers
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the success of urethroplasty for urethral strictures arising after erosion of an artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) and rates of subsequent AUS replacement. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 2009-2016, we identified patients from the Trauma and Urologic Reconstruction Network of Surgeons and several other centers. We included patients with urethral strictures arising from AUS erosion undergoing urethroplasty with/without subsequent AUS replacement...
June 14, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623142/complication-of-newborn-circumcision-meatal-stenosis-or-meatal-web
#16
Mehmet Ali Özen, Gökhan Gündoğdu, Mehmet Taşdemir, Egemen Eroğlu
INTRODUCTION: Meatal stenosis (MS) is a known complication of newborn circumcision. Symptoms are usually masked in young kids with a diaper. Deflation of urinary stream, dysuria, urinary frequency, and incontinence are the most common reported symptoms. Diagnosis of MS is still controversial. A narrow pinpoint urethral meatus is the current accepted diagnostic criteria. OBJECTIVE: In our practice, we observed that our cases do not overlap to the classic definition and presentation of MS...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622875/does-the-severity-of-overactive-bladder-symptoms-correlate-with-risk-for-female-sexual-dysfunction
#17
Cássia Raquel Teatin Juliato, Iane Glauce Ribeiro Melotti, Luiz Carlos Santos Junior, Luiz Gustavo Oliveira Britto, Cássio Luiz Zanettini Riccetto
BACKGROUND: Several studies have associated overactive bladder (OAB) with female sexual dysfunction (FSD); however, there are no reports using a quantitative approach to measure OAB severity and to relate OAB to the risk of FSD. AIM: To evaluate women with OAB and to correlate the severity of their urinary symptoms with their sexual function. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 267 women older than 18 years with untreated OAB. All subjects completed the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Overactive Bladder (ICIQ-OAB) and the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI)...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620795/levator-ani-defects-and-the-severity-of-symptoms-in-women-with-anterior-compartment-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#18
Sissel H Oversand, Anne C Staff, Leiv Sandvik, Ingrid Volløyhaug, Rune Svenningsen
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aims of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of levator ani muscle (LAM) avulsions in a selected cohort of patients with primary anterior compartment pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and to assess whether LAM avulsions, as an independent factor, affect the degree of POP symptoms and sexual dysfunction. Additionally, clinical and demographic variables of women with and those without avulsions were compared. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional analysis of a prospective cohort study including 197 women scheduled for anterior compartment POP surgery...
June 15, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620792/evaluation-of-coital-incontinence-by-electronic-questionnaire-prevalence-associations-and-outcomes-in-women-attending-a-urogynaecology-clinic
#19
Thomas Gray, Weiguang Li, Patrick Campbell, Swati Jha, Stephen Radley
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Coital incontinence is the involuntary leakage of urine during sexual intercourse and is divided into that occurring with penetration and that occurring with orgasm. Mechanisms of coital incontinence are poorly understood. The aim of this retrospective study was to measure the prevalence of coital incontinence and evaluate the association among various types of coital incontinence with stress urinary incontinence (SUI), overactive bladder (OAB) and impact on quality-of-life in women attending a urogynaecology clinic...
June 15, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619125/uptake-prevalence-and-predictors-of-first-time-use-for-the-75-health-assessment-scheme
#20
Xenia Dolja-Gore, Meredith Tavener, Tazeen Majeed, Balakrishnan R Nair, Julie E Byles
In 1999, the Australian Federal Government introduced Medicare items for Health Assessments for people aged 75 years and older (75+ health assessments). This research examined uptake of these assessments and identified predictors of use by women from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH). Assessments were identified for each year from 1999 to 2013 using linked Medicare data. Time to first assessment was examined, as well as social and health factors associated with having an assessment...
June 16, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
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