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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786590/hepatitis-c-and-human-rights-comparison-of-legal-experience-of-ukraine-and-georgia
#1
Iryna Y Senyuta
A comparative legal research of human rights provision in Ukraine and Georgia, in the aspect of combating viral HCV, was conducted. Ukrainian advocacy experience and Georgian strategic litigation experience with regard to human rights and HCV was analyzed. Key international instruments, which lay the conceptual foundations as well as outline the measures, which are directed at human rights in patient care provision and fighting viral hepatitis, were elucidated. Attention was paid to the Global health sector strategy...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786574/the-increase-of-efficiency-of-treatment-in-patients-with-non-stable-angina-pectoris-with-use-of-nitrogen-oxide-donator-wzrost-skuteczno%C3%A5-ci-leczenia-chorych-z-niestabiln%C3%A4-d%C3%A5-awic%C3%A4-piersiow%C3%A4-przy-pomocy-donor%C3%A3-w-tlenku-azotu
#2
Yevheniya Kh Zaremba, Olha V Zaremba, Nazar R Fedchyshyn, Victoria I Tkachenko, Oleh O Kapustynskyy
OBJECTIVE: Introction: One of the leading pathogenetic factors of CVD is a violation of the function of the endothelium of the vessels, which leads to endothelial dysfunction. The aіm: Increasing the efficiency of treatment of patients with NSAP based on the study of the dynamics of clinical picture, blood parametres, CRP, indices of endothelium dependent vasodilatation of the brachial artery with the use of arginine hydrochloride. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The 45 patients with non-stable angina pectoris (NSAP), who were in inpatient treatment in the cardiological department of the Clinical city hospital of emergency care in Lviv, were examined...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780162/dietary-antioxidant-intake-and-the-risk-of-developing-barrett-s-oesophagus-and-oesophageal-adenocarcinoma
#3
James H-E Kang, Robert Luben, Leo Alexandre, Andrew R Hart
BACKGROUND: We investigated in a cohort study, for the first time using 7-day food diaries (7-DFDs), for age-dependent inverse associations with antioxidants, which have anti-carcinogenic properties, and development of Barrett's oesophagus (BO) and oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC). METHODS: A total of 24,068 well individuals completed 7-DFDs and donated blood. Vitamins C and E, carotenes, zinc and selenium intakes, and plasma vitamin C were measured. Participants were monitored for 15 years for BO and OAC...
May 21, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778713/concluding-commentary-on-current-trends-to-enhance-the-clinical-safety-of-pediatric-transfusion-focusing-on-prevention-of-untoward-complications-of-hsc-transplantation-newer-strategies-for-improving-the-standards-of-safety-quality-of-stem-cells-expansion-for
#4
REVIEW
Irena Sniecinski, Jerard Seghatchian
Clinical practice and related diagnostic, development and research [DDR] strategies in pediatric transfusion and transplantation cover a broad range of multidisciplinary studies, performed by many professionals involved in this most challenging clinical field [1]. This commentary on the current position and future perspectives in pediatric transfusion field is aimed to highlight major unresolved transfusion complications in pediatric patients, namely red blood cell and platelet alloimmunisation, and new ones such as nosocomial infection, thrombosis and multi-organ failure...
May 16, 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774856/hepatitis-e-in-long-term-travelers-from-the-netherlands-to-subtropical-and-tropical-countries-2008-2011
#5
Floortje Elfrink, Femke W Overbosch, Janke Schinkel, Gerrit Koen, Gerard J B Sonder
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a common cause of acute viral hepatitis. Virus genotypes 1 and 2 infect humans in developing countries by the fecal-oral route. To assess attack rates and disease incidence for travelers, we prospectively studied 604 long-term travelers to subtropical and tropical countries. Participants donated blood samples pretravel and posttravel and kept a diary. A total of 89/604 (15%) pretravel samples were positive for HEV IgG by ELISA, suggesting previous HEV infection. Seroconversion for HEV was found for 19/515 travelers (attack rate 3...
June 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768930/a-strategic-planning-tool-for-increasing-african-american-blood-donation
#6
Ashley Singleton, Regena Spratling
Historically, African Americans (AAs) have been underrepresented as blood donors. Having a lack of racially diverse blood donors contributes to transfusion complications, particularly in patients with sickle cell disease, who are both disproportionately AA and the recipients of frequent transfusions. Increasing AA blood donation is a complex public health issue. This review article serves to fill a gap in translating research regarding known hindrances and facilitators of AA blood donation to improve real-world donation practice and ultimately, patient outcomes...
May 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767836/how-do-we-manage-iron-deficiency-after-blood-donation
#7
REVIEW
Joseph E Kiss, Ralph R Vassallo
Blood donors and the RBCs and other components they willingly provide are essential in the delivery of healthcare in all parts of the world. Nearly 70% of donated blood comes from repeat or committed donors. The amount of iron removed in the 10 min or so it takes to withdraw a unit of blood (500 ml, plus 25 ml for testing) requires over 24 weeks to replace on a "standard" diet, i.e., without added iron in the form of supplements The cumulative effect of repeat blood donations without adequate iron replacement or a longer wait between donations results in iron deficiency (ID) in many donors, low haemoglobin deferral (~8% of donation attempts), and frank anaemia in some...
May 16, 2018: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767450/cost-effectiveness-of-alternative-changes-to-a-national-blood-collection-service
#8
S Willis, K De Corte, J A Cairns, M Zia Sadique, N Hawkins, M Pennington, G Cho, D J Roberts, G Miflin, R Grieve
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of changing opening times, introducing a donor health report and reducing the minimum inter-donation interval for donors attending static centres. BACKGROUND: Evidence is required about the effect of changes to the blood collection service on costs and the frequency of donation. METHODS/MATERIALS: This study estimated the effect of changes to the blood collection service in England on the annual number of whole-blood donations by current donors...
May 16, 2018: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765424/public-awareness-on-cord-blood-banking-in-saudi-arabia
#9
Dunia Jawdat, Sulaiman AlTwijri, Hadeel AlSemari, Mayssa Saade, Ahmed Alaskar
Background: In the last decade, cord blood (CB) has proven to be a valuable source of hematopoietic stem cells for transplantation to treat many hematological disorders. Since then, many CB banks have been established worldwide. Our aim was to estimate the level of public awareness of CB banking in Saudi Arabia. Study Design and Methods: A self-administered questionnaire of 22 multiple choices was conveniently distributed, consisting of demographics, awareness measure, attitude toward banking preference, and donation for research data...
2018: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765295/incentives-for-blood-donation-a-discrete-choice-experiment-to-analyze-extrinsic-motivation
#10
Andrew Sadler, Ling Shi, Susanne Bethge, Axel Mühlbacher
Background: Demographic trends affect size and age structure of populations. One of the consequences will be an increasing need for blood products to treat age-related diseases. Donation services rely on voluntariness and charitable motivation. It might be questioned whether there will be sufficient blood supply with voluntary donation. The present study focused on elicitation of preferences for incentives and aimed to contribute to the discussion on how to increase donation rates. Methods: A self-administered discrete choice experiment (DCE) was applied...
April 2018: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765294/which-infectious-blood-donors-could-be-identified-by-the-donor-history-questionnaire-comparison-of-blood-donors-infected-with-hiv-or-hcv-with-notified-cases-from-general-population-in-germany
#11
Karina Preußel, Ruth Offergeld
Background: Potential risks for transfusion-transmissible infections are identified by donor history questionnaires (DHQs), and donors with higher risks are deferred from donation. We assessed to which extent the currently used DHQs support the identification of infections among blood donors. Methods: Between 2006 and 2013, we analyzed data from notified HIV and HCV cases in the general population and positive blood donors in Germany. Logistic regressions were used to identify relevant infection risks...
April 2018: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764323/swaps-and-chains-and-vouchers-oh-my-evaluating-how-saving-more-lives-impacts-the-equitable-allocation-of-live-donor-kidneys
#12
Evelyn M Tenenbaum
Live kidney donation involves a delicate balance between saving the most lives possible and maintaining a transplant system that is fair to the many thousands of patients on the transplant waiting list. Federal law and regulations require that kidney allocation be equitable, but the pressure to save patients subject to ever-lengthening waiting times for a transplant has been swinging the balance toward optimizing utility at the expense of justice. This article traces the progression of innovations created to make optimum use of a patient's own live donors...
March 2018: American Journal of Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762364/seroprevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-among-%C3%AE-thalassemia-major-pediatric-population-implications-for-transfusion-transmissible-toxoplasmosis
#13
Nora El-Tantawy, Ahmad Darwish, Eman Eissa
BACKGROUND: Children with β-thalassemia major who regularly receive blood transfusion are at risk of developing transfusion-transmitted infection. Toxoplasmosis is a common and a serious parasitic disease with high prevalence and could be transmitted through blood transfusion from healthy asymptomatic donors. However, screening Toxoplasma gondii before blood donation has not been considered. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of T. gondii antibodies among thalassemia children undergoing blood transfusion...
May 14, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761923/accuracy-of-a-history-of-blood-donation-from-surrogate-witnesses-data-from-the-uk-tmer-study
#14
J M Mackenzie, M Turner, K Morris, S Field, A M Molesworth, S Pal, R G Will, C A Llewelyn, P E Hewitt
Look-back studies of blood transfusion in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease commonly rely on reported history from surrogate witnesses. Data from the UK Transfusion Medicine Epidemiology Review have been analysed to determine the accuracy of the blood donation history provided by the relatives of cases. Our results show that only a small percentage of cases were found to be registered as donors on UK Blood Service (UKBS) databases when there was no family report of blood donation. In contrast, a history of reported donation was less accurate...
May 15, 2018: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757413/evaluation-of-iron-stores-by-zinc-protoporphyrin-analysis-in-blood-donors
#15
Richard R Gammon, Tania Kozel, Patrick Morel, Christopher Kendrick
Background: Zinc protoporphyrin (ZPP) testing has been studied previously as a substitute for ferritin (fer) testing of blood donors in determining iron stores. Objective: To determine whether ZPP testing could be performed using specimens collected via the capillary (cap) finger-stick (FS) method, similar to predonation hemoglobin (HB) testing. Also, we evaluated the correlation among FS HB, venous (ven) ZZP, FS ZPP, and ven fer levels as predictors of iron depletion...
May 11, 2018: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757135/a-nationwide-retrospective-study-on-prevalence-of-hepatitis-e-virus-infection-in-italian-blood-donors
#16
Enea Spada, Simonetta Pupella, Giulio Pisani, Roberto Bruni, Paola Chionne, Elisabetta Madonna, Umbertina Villano, Matteo Simeoni, Sara Fabi, Giuseppe Marano, Cinzia Marcantonio, Patrizio Pezzotti, Anna R Ciccaglione, Giancarlo M Liumbruno
BACKGROUND: In Europe, hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is mainly a food-borne zoonosis, but it can also be transmitted by blood transfusion. It is usually a mild and self-limited infection. However, immunocompromised persons, who are also those more likely to undergo blood transfusions, may develop chronic hepatitis and often cirrhosis. Since this is a potential threat to blood safety, we aimed to investigate HEV prevalence in Italian blood donors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used plasma donations collected during 2015-2016 by blood services (BS) scattered throughout the Italian regions and intended for the production of plasma-derived medicines...
May 4, 2018: Blood Transfusion, Trasfusione del Sangue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753677/multicenter-phase-1-2-application-of-adenovirus-specific-t-cells-in-high-risk-pediatric-patients-after-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation
#17
Winnie Ip, Juliana M F Silva, Hubert Gaspar, Arindam Mitra, Shreenal Patel, Kanchan Rao, Robert Chiesa, Persis Amrolia, Kimberly Gilmour, Gul Ahsan, Mary Slatter, Andrew R Gennery, Robert F Wynn, Paul Veys, Waseem Qasim
BACKGROUND: Adenovirus (ADV) reactivation can cause significant morbidity and mortality in children after allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Antiviral drugs can control viremia, but viral clearance requires recovery of cell-mediated immunity. METHOD: This study was an open-label phase 1/2 study to investigate the feasibility of generating donor-derived ADV-specific T cells (Cytovir ADV, Cell Medica) and to assess the safety of pre-emptive administration of ADV-specific T cells in high-risk pediatric patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) to treat adenoviremia...
May 9, 2018: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752920/direct-heart-procurement-following-donation-after-circulatory-death-with-ex-situ-reperfusion
#18
Hassiba Smail, Diana Garcia Saez, Ulrich Stock, Hesham Ahmed Hassan, Christopher Bowles, Barlomiej Zych, Prashant N Mohite, Olaf Maunz, Andre R Simon
The most extended technique of Heart procurement from donors after circulatory death (DCD)involves direct procurement and reperfusion in ex situ normothermic platform using Organ Care System (OCS). We describe a modified technique at our institution with rapid donor blood drainage using a cell saver and synchronised perfusion on the OCS.
May 9, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751907/the-natural-food-colorant-peonidin-from-cranberries-as-a-potential-radical-scavenger-a-dft-based-mechanistic-analysis
#19
Vijisha K Rajan, C K Hasna, K Muraleedharan
A theoretical evaluation of the antioxidant property of a natural food colorant Peonidin has been performed. The most suitable mechanism for explaining the radical scavenging capacity of Peonidin is the Hydrogen Atom Transfer and the most active site for radical formation is position 3 and is confirmed through Mulliken charge analysis, pKa value evaluation, Bond Dissociation Energy values, and Natural Bond Orbital analysis. Position 3 and 5 in Peonidin exists in blood as deprotonated as their pKa values are lower than the pH of blood...
October 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746483/efficient-detection-of-symptomatic-and-asymptomatic-patient-samples-for-babesia-microti-and-borrelia-burgdorferi-infection-by-multiplex-qpcr
#20
Shekerah Primus, Lavoisier Akoolo, Samantha Schlachter, Kristine Gedroic, Albert D Rojtman, Nikhat Parveen
BACKGROUND: Tick-borne infections have been increasing steadily over the years, with co-infections with Borrelia burgdorferi and Babesia microti/divergens emerging as a serious health problem. B. burgdorferi is a spirochetal bacterium that causes Lyme disease while protozoan pathogens belonging to Babesia species are responsible for babesiosis. Currently used serological tests do not always detect acute Lyme disease or babesiosis, and fail to differentiate cured patients from those who get re-infected...
2018: PloS One
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