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pediatric pancreatitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669347/combined-pancreatic-islet-lung-liver-transplantation-in-a-pediatric-patient-with-cystic-fibrosis-related-diabetes
#1
Philippe Klee, Mirjam Dirlewanger, Vanessa Lavallard, Valerie A McLin, Anne Mornand, Nadine Pernin, Laetitia-Marie Petit, Paola M Soccal, Barbara E Wildhaber, Urs Zumsteg, Jean-Louis Blouin, Thierry Berney, Valerie M Schwitzgebel
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis-related diabetes (CFRD) is the most frequent extrapulmonary complication of cystic fibrosis (CF). METHODS: We report the first combined pancreatic islet-lung-liver transplantation in a 14-year-old adolescent. CFTR was analyzed by Sanger sequencing. Further genes were analyzed by high-throughput sequencing. RESULTS: The patient was diagnosed with CF at the age of 14 months. Nine years later, after diagnosis of CFRD, the patient's BMI and lung function began to decline...
April 18, 2018: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660323/nationwide-trends-in-acute-and-chronic-pancreatitis-among-privately-insured-children-and-non-elderly-adults-in-the-united-states-2007-2014
#2
Zachary M Sellers, Donna MacIsaac, Helen Yu, Melody Dehghan, Ke-You Zhang, Rachel Bensen, Jessie J Wong, Cindy Kin, K T Park
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Epidemiologic analyses of acute and chronic pancreatitis (AP and CP) provide insight into causes and strategies for prevention, and affect allocation of resources to its study and treatment. We sought to determine current and accurate incidences of AP and CP, along with the prevalence of CP, in children and adults in the United States. METHODS: We collected data from the Truven MarketScan Research Databases of commercial inpatient and outpatient insurance claims in the United States from 2007 through 2014 (patients 0-64 years old)...
April 13, 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623405/surgical-outcomes-of-pancreaticoduodenal-injuries-in-children
#3
Micah G Katz, Stephen J Fenton, Kathryn W Russell, Eric R Scaife, Scott S Short
PURPOSE: To examine surgical outcomes of children with pancreaticoduodenal injuries at a Quaternary Level I pediatric trauma center. METHODS: We queried a prospectively maintained trauma database of a level one pediatric trauma center for all cases of pancreatic and/or duodenal injury from 2002 to 2017. Analysis was conducted using JMP 13.1.0. RESULTS: 170 children presented with pancreatic and/or duodenal injury. 13 (7.7%) suffered a combined injury and this group forms the basis for this report with mean ISS of 22...
April 5, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620617/pancreas-transplantation-from-pediatric-donors-a-single-center-experience
#4
Mario Spaggiari, Caterina Di Bella, Pierpaolo Di Cocco, Maya Campara, Kelly Galen, Federico Gheza, Jose Oberholzer, Enrico Benedetti, Ivo Tzvetanov
BACKGROUND: Pancreas allografts from pediatric donors are considered less suitable due to the increased risk of surgical complications and reduced islet cell mass that may compromise function. METHODS: All pancreatic transplants, procured from donors <18 years old, between January 2007 and March 2017, were included in the analysis. The grafts were subdivided into 3 groups by donor's weight: <30kg, 30-60kg, >60kg. Analysis of patient and graft survival was done between the groups, and subsequently between the pediatric cohort and the adult-donor control group...
April 3, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618709/-factors-related-to-frequent-emergency-hospital-refusal-of-ambulance-transport-calls
#5
Mika Kumagai, Naomi Kitano, Erika Komatsu, Hiroyuki Doba, Masami Ueno
Purpose Among the factors that adversely affect the time needed for ambulance transport, one factor for which intervention is possible is the time it takes to choose a medical receiving facility. This research clarified the characteristics of the time, location, and severity of medical emergencies in which the choice of hospital was difficult.Methods The research covered a 1-year period from January 1 through December 31, 2014, investigating all incidents of ambulance transport for patients in Wakayama Prefecture, except for those involving pediatric patients, amounting to a total of 41,574 incidents...
2018: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610171/autoimmune-pancreatitis-and-ulcerative-rectocolitis-in-an-adolescent
#6
Elie Cousin, Ianis Cousin, Karim Aziz, Pascal Chailloux, Estelle Breton
Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is rare in teenagers and difficult to diagnose. There are no clear and established diagnostic criteria in the pediatric population to distinguish subtype 1 and subtype 2. Here, we report the case of a 16-year-old white French teenager admitted to the pediatric emergency service with more than 1 year's history of pain originating from the epigastric and the right hypochondriac regions, with bloody diarrhea. After exclusion of pancreatic cancer and other common causes of acute pancreatitis, the diagnosis of AIP was suspected...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601435/multivariate-model-for-the-prediction-of-severity-of-acute-pancreatitis-in-children
#7
Yojhan E Izquierdo, Eileen V Fonseca, Luz Á Moreno, Rubén D Montoya, Rafael G Lozano
This study aimed to develop a severity prediction system for pediatric patients with acute pancreatitis (AP) based on clinical and laboratory parameters recorded at disease onset. A retrospective cohort study including 130 patients with AP, aged 0 to 18 years, was conducted. Correlations between severe AP (SAP) and clinical and laboratory data were established. Parameters with a significant statistical correlation (P ≤ 0.05) were incorporated in logistic regression models, and receiver operating characteristic curves were generated...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589453/-multidisciplinary-approach-to-surgical-disorders-of-the-pancreas-in-children
#8
J Šnajdauf, M Rygl, O Petrů, B Frýbová, J Náhlovský, V Mixa, R Keil, J Bronský, M Kynčl, R Kodet
INTRODUCTION: Surgical diseases of the pancreas in children are not common and may be associated with significant morbidity and potential mortality. A multidisciplinary approach is essential for correct diagnosis, surgical strategy and postoperative as well as follow-up care. METHOD: Retrospective analysis of patients operated on due to a pathological lesion of the pancreas focused on diagnostics, operating procedures, postoperative complications, and long-term results...
2018: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557622/-acute-pancreatitis-secondary-to-an-abdominal-trauma-case-report-of-a-7-year-old-child
#9
Laura Montoya-Sánchez, Rocío Del P Pereira-Ospina, Javier Y Pinzón-Salamanca, José M Suescún-Vargas
Pancreatitis consists in acute inflammation of the pancreas that is clinically characterized by abdominal pain. To make the diagnosis it is necessary the elevation of biochemical markers like pancreatic amylase or lipase. It is the most frequent pancreatic disease in both children and adults. Its presentation in the pediatric population is increasing and has several etiologies such as: infections, trauma, intoxication and metabolic diseases. Trauma mechanisms have been described: child maltreatment, falls, trauma with the bicycle handle and traffic accidents...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468366/utility-of-ct-classifications-to-predict-unfavorable-outcomes-in-children-with-acute-pancreatitis
#10
Yojhan E Izquierdo, Eileen V Fonseca, Luz-Ángela Moreno, Rubén D Montoya, Rafael Guerrero Lozano
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography (CT) is useful for the diagnosis of local complications in children with acute pancreatitis but its role as a prognostic tool remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: To establish the correlation between the CT Severity Index and the Revised Atlanta Classification regarding unfavorable outcomes such as severe acute pancreatitis and need for Pediatric Special Care Unit attention in children with acute pancreatitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective and concordance cohort study in which we obtained abdominal CT scans from 30 patients ages 0 to 18 years with acute pancreatitis...
February 21, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449094/safety-and-efficacy-of-small-bowel-polypectomy-using-a-balloon-assisted-enteroscope-in-pediatric-patients-with-peutz-jeghers-syndrome
#11
G Blanco-Velasco, O V Hernández-Mondragón, J M Blancas-Valencia, V Paz-Flores, D Fuentes-Hernández, P Rodríguez-González, B González-Ortíz
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Peutz-Jeghers syndrome is an autosomal dominant inherited pathology characterized by gastrointestinal hamartomatous polyps, predominantly in the small bowel, and pigmented mucocutaneous lesions. Guidelines suggest polypectomy with a balloon-assisted enteroscope when polyps are larger than 10mm. Complications in adults can be as high as 6.8%, but there is little information on pediatric populations. Our aim was to describe the safety and efficacy of polypectomy in a group of pediatric patients with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome using balloon-assisted enteroscopy...
February 12, 2018: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398347/epc-hpsg-evidence-based-guidelines-for-the-management-of-pediatric-pancreatitis
#12
REVIEW
Andrea Párniczky, Maisam Abu-El-Haija, Sohail Husain, Mark Lowe, Grzegorz Oracz, Miklós Sahin-Tóth, Flóra K Szabó, Aliye Uc, Michael Wilschanski, Heiko Witt, László Czakó, Tassos Grammatikopoulos, Ib Christian Rasmussen, Robert Sutton, Péter Hegyi
BACKGROUND: Pediatric pancreatitis is an underdiagnosed disease with variable etiology. In the past 10-15 years the incidence of pediatric pancreatitis has increased, it is now 3.6-13.3 cases per 100,000 children. Up-to-date evidence based management guidelines are lacking for the pediatric pancreatitis. The European Pancreatic Club, in collaboration with the Hungarian Pancreatic Study Group organized a consensus guideline meeting on the diagnosis and management of pancreatitis in the pediatric population...
January 4, 2018: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394214/nmda-receptor-antagonism-in-pediatric-pancreatitis-use-of-ketamine-and-methadone-in-a-teenager-with-refractory-pain
#13
Daniel J Mulder, Mary E Sherlock, David L Lysecki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391763/metal-stents-placement-for-refractory-pancreatic-duct-stricture-in-children
#14
In Sook Jeong, Sung Hee Lee, Seak Hee Oh, Do Hyun Park, Kyung Mo Kim
AIM: To evaluate the use of fully covered self-expandable metal stents (FCSEMSs) for pancreatic duct strictures in children with chronic pancreatitis. METHODS: Eight patients with refractory benign dominant stricture of the main pancreatic duct (MPD) were enrolled through chart reviews between December 2014 and June 2017 in a single center. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) with placement of a 6-mm FCSEMS with dual flaps was performed. Endoscopic removal of FCSEMSs was performed with a snare or rat-tooth forceps...
January 21, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390422/type-v-hypertriglyceridemia-in-children-a-therapeutic-challenge-in-pediatrics-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
Cristina Oana Mărginean, Lorena Elena Meliţ, Minodora Dobreanu, Maria Oana Mărginean
RATIONALE: Hypertriglyceridemia is defined as a level of triglycerides above 150 mg/dL. The complex causes and classification of hypertriglyceridemia lead to difficulties in the diagnosis and management of this condition. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present the case of a 15 years and 6 months old female teenager, admitted in our clinic for the following complaints: severe abdominal pain predominantly in the lateral left quadrant, nausea, vomiting, and the lack of stools for 2 days...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387211/a-retrospective-comparison-of-escherichia-coli-and-polyethylene-glycol-conjugated-asparaginase-for-the-treatment-of-adolescents-and-adults-with-newly-diagnosed-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#16
Jiabao Liang, Pengcheng Shi, Xutao Guo, Jie Li, Lingli He, Yan Wang, Qi Wei, Fen Huang, Zhiping Fan, Bing Xu
Data from clinical trials suggest that polyethylene glycol-conjugated asparaginase (PEG asparaginase) should be recommended as a replacement for Escherichia coli (E. coli) asparaginase in the treatment of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) due to its prolonged effect, similar safety profile and convenience. The present study investigated the efficacy and safety of PEG asparaginase in adolescents and adults with newly diagnosed ALL. The clinical data of 122 patients, ≥14 years old with de novo ALL, who received either PEG asparaginase or E...
January 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345595/hospital-management-of-severe-hypertriglyceridemia-in-children
#17
Ambika Ashraf, Badhma Valaiyapathi
Severe hypertriglyceridemia (HTG), i.e., triglyceride levels exceeding 1000 mg/dL, is one of the established causes of acute pancreatitis and severe abdominal pain. There are no established pediatric guidelines for treatment of children and adolescents with severe HTG. Management often includes hospital admission, fasting followed by fat free diet until the triglyceride (TG) levels are below 1000 mg/dL. Insulin infusion lowers TG levels in patients, especially in those with diabetes. Plasmapheresis is a limited option due to its restricted availability and scarcity of studies on its efficacy and safety in children...
January 16, 2018: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331260/multifaceted-behavior-of-meckel-s-diverticulum-in-children
#18
Qingjiang Chen, Zhigang Gao, Lifeng Zhang, Yuebin Zhang, Tao Pan, Duote Cai, Qixing Xiong, Qiang Shu, Yunzhong Qian
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: Meckel's diverticulum (MD) is one of the most common congenital malformations of gastrointestinal tract in children. However, the nonspecific clinical manifestations of MD often cause a diagnostic as well as therapeutic challenge to pediatric surgeon. This study aimed to review our experience in managing this disease while evaluating the management strategies. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of all patients diagnosed with MD admitted to our center between January 2010 and December 2015...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298718/s737f-is-a-new-cftr-mutation-typical-of-patients-originally-from-the-tuscany-region-in-italy
#19
Vito Terlizzi, Antonella Miriam Di Lullo, Marika Comegna, Claudia Centrone, Elisabetta Pelo, Giuseppe Castaldo, Valeria Raia, Cesare Braggion
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of patients have been described as having a number of Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane conductance Regulator (CFTR) variants for which it lacks a clear genotype-phenotype correlation. We assesses the clinical features of patients bearing the S737F (p.Ser737Phe) CFTR missense variant and evaluated the residual function of CFTR protein on nasal epithelial cells (NEC). METHODS: A retrospective database was performed from individuals homozygous or compound heterozygous for the S737F variant followed in the Cystic Fibrosis (CF) Centre of Florence...
January 3, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288372/robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-surgery-for-pediatric-tumors-a-bicenter-experience
#20
P Meignan, Q Ballouhey, J Lejeune, K Braik, B Longis, A R Cook, H Lardy, L Fourcade, Aurélien Binet
Mini-invasive surgery is more and more integrated in pediatric surgery. The robotic-assisted surgery brought new advantages from which the patient and the surgeon could benefit compared to laparoscopy. Its use in oncological surgery is still controversial. 12 robotic-assisted tumor resections with the da Vinci Surgical Robot (Intuitive Surgical, Sunnyvale, CA) were attempted in 11 children (mean age 7.65 years; age range 0.75-16.75 years; mean weight 30.3 kg; weight range 8.6-62 kg) in two centers. Mean total operative time was 145 min (range 72-263 min)...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
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