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Pancreatitis and thrombosis

Ryo Fujiwara, Mitsuhiro Narita, Susumu Kageyama, Akihiro Kawauchi, Takahisa Nakayama, Natsumi Nishi, Hiroyuki Sugihara, Yusaku Okada
A 67-year-old man presented at our hospital with severe edema on the left side of his neck, chest and brachial regions. He had a history of right radical nephrectomy due to renal cell carcinoma (RCC, clear cell subtype, stage II) 15 years earlier. Thereafter, metastases to the pancreatic tail and right lung, and left lung metastasis were removed at 8 years and 11 years, respectively, after the nephrectomy. Four years earlier, he had also undergone total gastrectomy for gastric carcinoma (poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, stage IV) and subsequent maintenance chemotherapy for gastric carcinoma...
September 2016: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
Jing Zhou, Lu Ke, Dongliang Yang, Yizhe Chen, Gang Li, Zhihui Tong, Weiqin Li, Jieshou Li
BACKGROUND: Splanchnic venous thrombosis (SVT) is a relatively rare but important complication of necrotizing acute pancreatitis (NAP). Clinical manifestations and severity of this complication in different patients vary greatly, ranging from mild abdominal discomfort even asymptomatic to lethal gastrorrhagia or hepatic failure. The aim of the present study was to develop a model to predict the clinical manifestations of SVT in NAP patients. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted in the surgical intensive care unit (SICU) of Jinling Hospital...
October 3, 2016: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
Divya Ramchandani, Dusten Unruh, Clayton S Lewis, Vladimir Y Bogdanov, Georg F Weber
Molecules of the coagulation pathway predispose patients to cancer-associated thrombosis and also trigger intracellular signaling pathways that promote cancer progression. The primary transcript of tissue factor, the main physiologic trigger of blood clotting, can undergo alternative splicing yielding a secreted variant, termed asTF (alternatively spliced tissue factor). asTF is not required for normal hemostasis, but its expression levels positively correlate with advanced tumor stages in several cancers, including pancreatic adenocarcinoma...
October 10, 2016: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
Shinji Yamamoto, Maria Nelander
INTRODUCTION: We present a case report of ectopic pregnancy (EP) after simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SKPTx). PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 33-year-old female status post SKPTx suddenly got abdominal pain in the lower level. She had high human chorionic Gonadotropin test. Ultrasonography revealed that there was no fetus in the uterus but a dilated right fallopian tube, which strongly suggested ectopic pregnancy. An emergency operation was performed and a dilated right side uterine tube was found with adhesions to her transplant...
September 30, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Vojko Flis, Stojan Potrc, Nina Kobilica, Arpad Ivanecz
BACKGROUND: Recent reports have shown that patients with vascular tumour invasion who undergo concurrent vascular resection can achieve long-term survival rates equivalent to those without vascular involvement requiring pancreaticoduodenectomy alone. There is no consensus about which patients benefit from the portal-superior mesenteric vein resection and there is no consensus about the best surgical technique of vessel reconstruction (resection with or without graft reconstruction). As published series are small the aim of this study was to evaluate our experience in pancreatectomies with en bloc vascular resection and reconstruction of vessels...
September 1, 2016: Radiology and Oncology
Thomas S Maldonado, Sheila N Blumberg, Sharvil U Sheth, Gabriel Perreault, Mikel Sadek, Todd Berland, Mark A Adelman, Caron B Rockman
BACKGROUND: Mesenteric venous thrombosis (MVT) is a relatively uncommon but potentially lethal condition associated with bowel ischemia and infarction. The natural history and long-term outcomes are poorly understood and under-reported. METHODS: A single-institution retrospective review of noncirrhotic patients diagnosed with MVT from 1999 to 2015 was performed using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision and radiology codes. Patients were excluded if no radiographic imaging was available for review...
October 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
Jaime Ruiz-Tovar, Pablo Priego
The portal vein is formed by the confluence of the splenic and superior mesenteric veins, which drain the spleen and small intestine respectively. Occlusion of the portal vein by thrombus typically occurs in patients with cirrhosis and/or prothrombotic disorders. However, portal vein thrombosis (PVT) can also happen after determined surgeries. Moreover, PVT can have serious consequences depending on the location and extent of the thrombosis, including hepatic ischemia, intestinal ischemia, portal hypertension… In this chapter, we will review the incidence, management and prophylaxis of PVT after splenectomy, pancreas transplantation, pancreatic surgery and in the setting of acute and chronic pancreatitis...
September 17, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Corinne Frere, Dominique Farge
Symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) occurs 4-7 times more frequently in cancer patients as compared to non-cancer patients. A significant number of risk factors, which can be subcategorised as patient-, cancer- or treatment-related, have been shown to influence the risk of VTE during malignancy and further incorporated in risk-assessment models. Safe and efficient thromboprophylaxis regimens allow substantial decreased in VTE rates, since VTE is most often a largely preventable disease, but thromboprophylaxis remains underused in cancer compared to non-cancer patients...
September 27, 2016: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Zaizhong Ni, Xiaofeng Ma, Bin Wang, Haisong Wang, Huikun Duan, Xiaodan Li, Pingzhe Jiang, Peipei Tu, Qiang Zhao, Jianhong Zhu, Minggang Li
In order to better understand the therapeutic mechanism of dual-function peptide 5rolGLP-HV in treatment of treat diabetes and its complication of thrombosis, the pharmacological effects and pharmacokinetic properties of 5rolGLP-HV were conducted in this study. 5rolGLP-HV was orally administered to diabetic mice, and the hypoglycemic mechanism was investigated. Thrombotic mice were applied to study the thrombus dissolving ability of 5rolGLP-HV. The concentration of rolGLP and rHV in rat plasma following single oral dose or intravenous injection of 5rolGLP-HV was measured...
September 7, 2016: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Rafael De la Garza Ramos, C Rory Goodwin, Nancy Abu-Bonsrah, Amit Jain, Emily K Miller, Nicole Huang, Khaled M Kebaish, Paul D Sponseller, Daniel M Sciubba
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of and factors associated with complications following idiopathic scoliosis surgery in adolescents. METHODS The Nationwide Inpatient Sample database was used to identify patients 10-18 years of age who had undergone spinal fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) from 2002 to 2011. Twenty-three unique in-hospital postoperative complications, including death, were examined. A series of logistic regressions was used to determine if any demographic, comorbid, or surgical parameter was associated with complication development...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Muhammad W Saif, Kristin Kaley, Lynne Lamb
Pancreatic cancer is known for vague symptoms that lead to a delay in diagnosis, and hence most cases are found at an advanced stage. Many complications can happen secondary to pancreatic cancer including diabetes, malabsorption, and deep venous thrombosis. Sinistral (segmental or left-sided) portal hypertension (SPH) refers to portal hypertension confined to the left-sided segment of the portal venous system namely the splenic side, and the most common etiology is splenic vein thrombosis (SVT). We present here a case of a 66-year-old male with advanced pancreatic cancer who died due to bleeding secondary to SVT...
2016: Curēus
Moinuddin Ahmed, Muhammad Usman Aziz, Muhammad Ayub Mansoor, Saleha Anwar
OBJECTIVE: To record the incidence of vascular complications in cases of acute pancreatitis. METHODS: This retrospective, cross-sectional study was performed at the Liaquat National Hospital, Karachi, from October 31, 2012 to October 31, 2014, and comprised computerised records and computerised tomography scan images related to cases of pancreatitis. RESULTS: Of the 210 patients included, 97(46.19%) were men and 113(53.81%) were women. A total of 24(11...
August 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Shu Hui Yeang, Alexandre Chan, Chuen Wen Tan, Soon Thye Lim, Heng Joo Ng
BACKGROUND: Lasparaginase (ASNase) is commonly used in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and natural killer (NK)/Tcell lymphoma. This study was designed to describe the incidence of toxicity associated with ASNase in Asian adults. Secondary objectives were to investigate the management and impact of toxicity on subsequent ASNase use, and to compare the actual management against current recommendations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective, multicenter, observational study, Asian patients ≥ 18 years old who received ≥ 1 dose of the native E...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Ujjwal Gorsi, Pankaj Gupta, Naveen Kalra, Mandeep Kang, Rajinder Singh, Rajesh Gupta, Vikas Gupta, Niranjan Khandelwal
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of multidetector computed tomography (CT) and CT angiography (CTA) in post cholecystectomy complications. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data from December 2012 to August 2014 was performed. Eight hundred sixty consecutive patients with history of cholecystectomy (laparoscopic or open) were evaluated. After exclusion of 645 patients with normal imaging, analysis for post cholecystectomy complications was performed in 215 patients...
October 2015: Tropical Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Digestive Diseases Foundation
S Gupta, J Scambia, C Gandillon, F Aversano, R Batista
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is a common procedure in the treatment of renal calculi. There have been major complications reported with ESWL such as acute pancreatitis, bower perforation, venous thrombosis, and biliary obstruction. There are few reports in the literature of necrotizing pancreatitis secondary to ESWL. We have a case report of a 29-year-old female that developed an abdominal compartment syndrome with an acute necrotizing pancreatitis hours after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy...
September 2016: Urology Case Reports
F J Sherida H Woei-A-Jin, Margot E T Tesselaar, Patrica Garcia Rodriguez, Fred P H T M Romijn, Rogier M Bertina, Susanne Osanto
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related venous thromboembolism (VTE) heralds a poor prognosis, especially in pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAC). Tissue factor (TF) is implicated as one of the main culprits in PAC-associated VTE and disease progression. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study of 79 PAC patients, we measured plasma CA19-9 and microparticle-associated TF activity (MP-TF activity). In addition, we enumerated TF(+)MPs and MUC1(+)MPs in plasma (n=55), and studied the expression of TF, MUC1, CD31 and CD68 in tumour tissue (n=44)...
July 26, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
Jernej Vidmar, Mirko Omejc, Rok Dežman, Peter Popovič
BACKGROUND: We report on a case of pancreatic arteriovenous malformation (PAVM) that obliterated shortly after diagnostic angiography (DSA). PAVM is a rare anomaly that presents with upper abdominal pain, signs of acute pancreatitis and massive gastrointestinal bleeding. The management of PAVM is rather complex, with complete treatment usually accomplished only by a total extirpation of the affected organ or at least its involved portion. DSA prior to treatment decisions is helpful for characterizing symptomatic PAVM, since it can clearly depict the related vascular networks...
2016: BMC Gastroenterology
Chirag S Desai, Khalid M Khan, Wanxing Cui
Total pancreatectomy and islet auto transplantation is a good option for chronic pancreatitis patients who suffer from significant pain, poor quality of life, and the potential of type 3C diabetes and pancreatic cancer. Portal vein thrombosis is the most feared complication of the surgery and chances are increased if the patient has a hypercoagulable disorder. We present a challenging case of islet auto transplantation from our institution. A 29-year-old woman with plasminogen activator inhibitor-4G/4G variant and a clinical history of venous thrombosis was successfully managed with a precise peri- and post-operative anticoagulation protocol...
June 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
Dyre Kleive, Audun E Berstad, Caroline S Verbeke, Sven P Haugvik, Ivar P Gladhaug, Pål-Dag Line, Knut J Labori
BACKGROUND: SMV/PV resection has become common practice in pancreatic surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the technical feasibility and surgical outcome of using cold-stored cadaveric venous allografts (AG) for superior mesenteric vein (SMV) and portal vein (PV) reconstruction during pancreatectomy. METHODS: Patients who underwent pancreatic resection with concomitant vascular resection and reconstruction with AG between January 2006 and December 2014 were identified from our institutional prospective database...
July 2016: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
Ramy Hassan, Tameem Ibraheem, Ahmed Taha, Basher Fadel, Ahmed Zidan
INTRODUCTION: Pancreatic resection is the only effective treatment with prolonged survival in operable pancreatic cancer and peri-ampullary cancer; it is also a procedure of significant morbidity and complications. Vascular injury is one of the most serious intraoperative complications. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report here a case of common hepatic artery injury during pancreaticodudenectomy followed by complete thrombosis after its repair. As common hepatic artery is the only arterial blood supply of the liver, acute liver failure and necrosis were the usual course...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
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