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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353395/comparison-of-osteoporosis-in-us-adults-with-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#1
S C DeShields, T D Cunningham
PURPOSE: We examined bone mineral density (BMD) and osteoporosis prevalence in those with type 1 compared to type 2 diabetes derived from a nationally representative sample from the civilian community in the United States. METHODS: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for 2005-2006, 2007-2008, 2009-2010, and 2013-2014 were merged to obtain a large sample of diabetics at least 20 years of age with participation in the interview and medical examination...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352600/placental-control-of-metabolic-adaptations-in-the-mother-for-an-optimal-pregnancy-outcome-what-goes-wrong-in-gestational-diabetes
#2
David J Hill
As pregnancy progresses the placental syncytiotrophoblast increasingly assumes control of maternal glucose homeostasis through the release and counter-balancing effects of placental lactogen (PL) and placental variant growth hormone (GH-V). While local actions of these hormones on placental growth and function are likely to exist, each also exerts indirect actions to ensure fetal nutritional availability through modulation of the maternal insulin/insulin-like growth factor axis. Peripheral insulin resistance results from the increasing levels of GH-V in the maternal circulation and is counter-balanced by an increase in insulin availability through an expansion of maternal pancreatic β-cell mass...
January 9, 2018: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352218/nutritional-deficiencies-and-bone-metabolism-after-endobarrier-in-obese-type-2-patients-with-diabetes
#3
Nuria Vilarrasa, Alexandra Fabregat, Silvia Toro, Amador García Gordejuela, Anna Casajoana, Mónica Montserrat, Pilar Garrido, Rafael López-Urdiales, Núria Virgili, Alejandra Planas-Vilaseca, Andreu Simó-Servat, Jordi Pujol
Endobarrier® is a minimally invasive, reversible endoscopic treatment for obesity. It provokes malabsorption along 60 cm of the small intestine, which can contribute to the development of vitamin deficiencies and to changes in bone mineral density (BMD). To determine the prevalence of nutrient deficiencies, changes in body composition and BMD during the first year after Endobarrier® placement. Twenty-one patients with type 2 diabetes met inclusion criteria. Levels of vitamins, micro and macronutrients were assessed prior and at 1, 3 and 12 months post-operatively...
January 19, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348994/the-association-of-mediterranean-diet-and-exercise-modifications-with-anthropometric-parameters-in-a-psychiatric-community-population-a-pilot-study
#4
Rosaria Di Lorenzo, Jessica Pedretti, Letizia Grossi, Benedetta Cuoghi, Cinzia Varni, Giulia Landi, Ludovica Spattini, Chiara Visentini, Paola Ferri, Francesca Carubbi
Weight gain and related metabolic syndrome (MS) are major current issues in public health. MS consists of abdominal fat, atherogenic dyslipidemia, hypertension, hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, pro-inflammatory and pro-thrombotic state, and accounts for both cardiovascular diseases and type II diabetes mellitus risk factors. Patients affected by psychiatric illness present a prevalence of 35-40% of MS. Many studies have shown that Mediterranean diet is associated with the reduction of mortality due to cardiovascular and malignant diseases, potentially preventing both obesity and type II diabetes mellitus...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348280/marked-cachexia-in-probable-invasive-pulmonary-aspergillosis-with-bronchopleural-fistula
#5
Christiana Page, Laura Blazy, Melanie Jenkins, Rosalba Spiritoso
A 49-year-old man with a medical history of diabetes and heavy smoking was admitted to intensive care with severe bilateral pneumonia associated with marked cachexia. He developed a complex right-sided bronchopleural fistula and was transferred to our tertiary centre for consideration of surgical intervention.Despite escalation of antibiotic therapy, he did not improve and further investigations led to a diagnosis of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis. Definitive treatment plans required a right pneumonectomy; however, given the severity of cachexia, he remained unable to undergo such a large operation...
January 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346712/synergetic-effects-of-prenatal-and-postnatal-high-sucrose-intake-on-glucose-tolerance-and-hepatic-insulin-resistance-in-rat-offspring
#6
Pengjie Zhang, Di Zhu, Yueming Zhang, Lingjun Li, Xionghui Chen, Wenna Zhang, Ruixiu Shi, Jianying Tao, Bing Han, Zhice Xu
SCOPE: High sucrose intake during pregnancy is linked to type 2 diabetes mellitus and altered insulin resistance. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study attempted to ascertain whether prenatal high sucrose intake (20% sucrose) alleviates the detrimental effects of high postnatal sugar consumption in the offspring, and the molecular mechanisms were investigated using a rat model. High prenatal sucrose exposure increased the body weight of the offspring at 1 to 3 weeks of age...
January 18, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346062/television-viewing-time-physical-activity-and-mortality-among-african-americans
#7
Tasnim F Imran, Mark Ommerborn, Cheryl Clark, Adolfo Correa, Patricia Dubbert, J Michael Gaziano, Luc Djoussé
BACKGROUND: Prolonged television viewing time, a marker of sedentary activity, is independently associated with increased all-cause mortality; however, this association has rarely been studied in African Americans. The objective of our study was to examine the association between television viewing time and mortality among African Americans by using data from the Jackson Heart Study (JHS). METHODS: We studied 5,289 participants from the JHS study who reported television viewing time (h/day) in the JHS baseline questionnaire from 2000 through 2004...
January 18, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344537/the-relationship-between-health-literacy-and-health-promoting-behaviors-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#8
Shima Chahardah-Cherik, Mahin Gheibizadeh, Simin Jahani, Bahman Cheraghian
Background: Health promoting behaviors are known to be a key factor in managing type 2 diabetes and improving the quality of life in diabetic patients. However, there is little known about the factors influencing these behaviors in diabetic patients. This study aimed to find the relationship between the health literacy and health promoting behaviors in patients with type II diabetes. Methods: This correlational study was conducted from August to September 2016 on 175 eligible diabetic patients (20 to 65 year-old) who referred to the selected centers of diabetes control in Ahvaz City...
January 2018: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343538/impact-of-dietary-%C3%AF-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-supplementation-on-brown-and-brite-adipocyte-function
#9
Rayane A Ghandour, Cecilia Colson, Maude Giroud, Stefanie Maurer, Samah Rekima, Gerard P Ailhaud, Martin Klingenspor, Ez-Zoubir Amri, Didier F Pisani
The recent characterization of functional brown adipose tissue (BAT) in adult humans has opened new perspectives for regulation of energy expenditure with respect to obesity and diabetes. Furthermore, dietary recommendations have taken into account the insufficient dietary intake of ω3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and the concomitant excessive intake of ω6 PUFA associated with the occurrence of overweight/obesity. We aimed to study whether ω3 PUFAs could play a role in the recruitment and function of energy-dissipating brown/brite adipocytes...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337017/management-of-diabetes-in-older-adults
#10
G Sesti, R Antonelli Incalzi, E Bonora, A Consoli, A Giaccari, S Maggi, G Paolisso, F Purrello, G Vendemiale, N Ferrara
Type 2 diabetes prevalence is high in older adults and is expected to rise in the next decades. Diabetes in the population of frail older adults is accompanied by functional disability, several comorbidities, and premature mortality. A comprehensive geriatric assessment, including functional, cognitive, mental and social status, is advisable for identifying the glycemic targets and glucose-lowering therapies, focused on patient preferences, needs, and risks. The therapeutic options for older adults with diabetes are like those for the adult population...
December 7, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337002/hypothalamic-inflammation-and-malfunctioning-glia-in-the-pathophysiology-of-obesity-and-diabetes-translational-significance
#11
REVIEW
Md Habibur Rahman, Anup Bhusal, Won-Ha Lee, In-Kyu Lee, Kyoungho Suk
Preclinical studies have suggested that chronic inflammation in the brain might be associated with multiple metabolic disorders, including obesity and diabetes. In particular, hypothalamic inflammation interferes with the endocrine system and modulates nutritional homeostasis, leading to metabolic alterations and consequent pathologies. With regard to the mechanisms underlying molecular and cellular pathogenesis, neurons, non-neuronal cells, and the crosstalk between them have gained particular attention. Specifically, malfunctioning glia have recently been implicated as an important component of pathological hypothalamic inflammation...
January 11, 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334718/-diet-and-nutrition-interventions-prevent-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Z Y Yang
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common complications during pregnancy, with rising trend over the years. Dietary nutrient intake (protein, fat and fatty acids, carbohydrate, vitamin D, vitamin E, iron, zinc, selenium and inositol et al.), dietary pattern and probiotics may be related to GDM occurrence. Dietary factors are modifiable factors for preventing GDM. The study reviewed the roles of these dietary factors in preventing GDM. Results showed that plant-based dietary pattern may lower the risk of GDM and dietary pattern characterized with high animal protein, high fat and low carbohydrate may increase the risk of GDM...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334717/-the-ten-year-retrospect-of-nutrition-and-health-status-of-pregnant-women-in-china
#13
C X Dong, S A Yin
Improvement of the nutrition and health status of pregnant women should be one of the top priority strategies of improving the physical fitness of next generation and reserve of talented person for national sustainable development. This paper reviews the nutrition and health status of pregnant women in China over the recent ten years and discusses the underlying factors and changing trends. The most popular nutrition-related problem is dietary imbalance, and many micronutrient intakes are lower than the recommended dietary intakes or adequate intakes, and some of nutrient intakes are still at a very low level for a long time such as vitamin D and calcium...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333341/preventive-effects-of-salvia-officinalis-leaf-extract-on-insulin-resistance-and-inflammation-in-a-model-of-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity-in-mice-that-responds-to-rosiglitazone
#14
Mohamed R Ben Khedher, Mohamed Hammami, Jonathan R S Arch, David C Hislop, Dominic Eze, Edward T Wargent, Małgorzata A Kępczyńska, Mohamed S Zaibi
Background: Salvia officinalis (sage) is a native plant to the Mediterranean region and has been used for a long time in traditional medicine for various diseases. We investigated possible anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory and anti-obesity effects of sage methanol (MetOH) extract in a nutritional mouse model of obesity, inflammation and insulin resistance, as well as its effects on lipolysis and lipogenesis in 3T3-L1 cells. Methods: Diet-induced obese (DIO) mice were treated for five weeks with sage methanol extract (100 and 400 mg kg-1/day bid), or rosiglitazone (3 mg kg-1/day bid), as a positive control...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331868/zinc-supplementation-alleviates-the-progression-of-diabetic-nephropathy-by-inhibiting-the-overexpression-of-oxidative-stress-mediated-molecular-markers-in-streptozotocin-induced-experimental-rats
#15
Susmita Barman, Seetur R Pradeep, Krishnapura Srinivasan
Zinc deficiency during diabetes projects a role for zinc nutrition in the management of diabetic nephropathy. The current study explored whether zinc supplementation protects against diabetic nephropathy through modulation of kidney oxidative stress and stress-induced expression related to the inflammatory process in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Groups of hyperglycemic rats were exposed to dietary interventions for 6 weeks with zinc supplementation (5 times and 10 times the normal level). Supplemental-zinc-fed diabetic groups showed a significant reversal of increased kidney weight and creatinine clearance...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330868/insulin-resistance-and-the-increased-risk-for-smell-dysfunction-in-us-adults
#16
Jin-Young Min, Kyoung-Bok Min
OBJECTIVE: Over 24% of older American adults (approximately 14 million) are estimated to have reduced olfactory sensitivity. Previous studies have provided evidence that patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) or its complications are at increased risk of olfactory dysfunction. We therefore investigated whether smell dysfunction was associated with DM-related biomarkers, including fasting blood glucose, glycohemoglobin, serum insulin, and homeostasis model assessment of insulin sensitivity (HOMA-IR), in older US adults...
January 13, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329254/low-carbohydrate-high-protein-high-fat-diets-rich-in-livestock-poultry-and-their-products-predict-impending-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-chinese-individuals-that-exceed-their-calculated-caloric-requirement
#17
Ruiqi Shan, Wei Duan, Lei Liu, Jiayue Qi, Jian Gao, Yunlong Zhang, Shanshan Du, Tianshu Han, Xiuyu Pang, Changhao Sun, Xiaoyan Wu
The evidence on the association between long-term low-carbohydrate, high-fat and high-protein diets and type 2 diabetes (T2D) is controversial. Until now, data is limited for Chinese populations, especially in considering the influence of extra energy intake. In this paper, we aimed to investigate the association of low-carbohydrate, high-fat and high-protein diets with type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk in populations consuming extra calories and those with normal caloric intake, We also determined whether the association is mediated by insulin resistance (IR) or β-cell dysfunction...
January 12, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329023/women-s-experiences-with-using-a-smartphone-app-the-pregnant-app-to-manage-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Jeanette B Skar, Lisa M Garnweidner-Holme, Mirjam Lukasse, Laura Terragni
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) with controlling their blood glucose values and receiving health and nutrition information using a smartphone app (the Pregnant+ app). DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: The study utilised the interpretative phenomenological analysis method. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 17 participants among those participating to the randomised controlled trial...
December 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324903/korean-survey-data-reveals-an-association-of-chronic-laryngitis-with-tinnitus-in-men
#19
Myung Jin Ban, Won Shik Kim, Ki Nam Park, Jae Wook Kim, Seung Won Lee, Kyungdo Han, Jae Won Chang, Hyung Kwon Byeon, Yoon Woo Koh, Jae Hong Park
The association between chronic laryngitis and tinnitus is not a well-studied topic, unlike the association of these two conditions with many other disorders. Cross-sectional data of 11,347 adults (males: 4,934; females: 6,413), who completed the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from 2010 to 2012 were used to investigate this association. Lifestyle patterns, including smoking and alcohol habits, regular exercise, physical and mental health status, socioeconomic status, nutritional status, and other chronic diseases, were analyzed...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319509/prevalence-influencing-factors-antibiotic-resistance-toxin-and-molecular-characteristics-of-staphylococcus-aureus-and-mrsa-nasal-carriage-among-diabetic-population-in-the-united-states-2001-2004
#20
Jialing Lin, Yang Peng, Chan Bai, Ting Zhang, Haoqu Zheng, Xiaojie Wang, Jiaping Ye, Xiaohua Ye, Ying Li, Zhenjiang Yao
Diabetic population were reported more likely to suffer carriage and infection with Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) than non-diabetic population. We aim to elucidate the prevalence and characteristics of S. aureus and MRSA nasal carriage among diabetic population in the United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001-2004. Univariate analyses were conducted using Chi-square test, Fisher's exact probability test or student t test, as appropriate...
December 4, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
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