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M Gokulnath, R Swetha, G Thejaswini, P Shilpa, N Selvamurugan
Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-β1) plays a significant role in breast cancer mediated bone metastasis, and it stimulated expression of matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13; an invasive and metastasis gene) via activating transcription factor-3 (ATF-3) in human breast cancer cells (MDA-MB231). We further dissected the role of ATF-3 and its interacting proteins (activator protein-1; AP-1) for TGF-β1-stimulation of MMP-13 expression in these cells. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) experiment identified the TGF-β1-stimulation of ATF-3 interaction at the AP-1 site of the MMP-13 promoter in a sustained and prolonged manner in MDA-MB231 cells...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Mohamed M M Abdel-Latif, Mekky M Abouzied
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Natural honey has been used as a medicine since ancient times. Honey is widely known for its antibacterial properties against H. pylori; however, the mechanisms of its antibacterial activity are not fully known. The present study was performed to examine the molecular mechanisms by which natural honey can inhibit H. pylori infection in gastric epithelial cells. METHODS: Electrophoretic mobility shift assay was used to measure NF-κB- and AP-1-DNA binding activity...
July 2016: Archives of Medical Research
Yuki Hosokawa, Kouji Hirao, Hiromichi Yumoto, Ayako Washio, Tadashi Nakanishi, Daisuke Takegawa, Chiaki Kitamura, Takashi Matsuo
Caries-related pathogens are first recognized by odontoblasts and induce inflammatory events that develop to pulpitis. Generally, initial sensing of microbial pathogens is mediated by pattern recognition receptors, such as Toll-like receptor and nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD); however, little is known about NODs in odontoblasts. In this study, the levels of NODs expressed in rat odontoblastic cell line, KN-3, were assessed by flow cytometry and the levels of chemokines in NOD-specific ligand-stimulated KN-3 cells were analyzed by real-time PCR and ELISA...
2016: BioMed Research International
Sooyeon Song, Sei-Jung Lee, Dong-June Park, Sejong Oh, Kye-Taek Lim
Recently, interest in the beneficial role of probiotics in the protection and management of allergic diseases caused by immune disorders has been increasing. This study investigated the inhibitory effect of Lactobacillus plantarum L67 on induced allergic inflammatory response in bisphenol A-treated rat basophilic leukemia 2H3 (RBL-2H3) cells and mouse splenocytes. We also evaluated the applicability of L. plantarum L67 as a yogurt starter culture. We measured the ability of Lactobacillus strains to induce the production of IL-12 and IFN- γ in cultured splenocytes by ELISA...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
Qian Chen, Yonghong Gu, Shengwang Zhang, Hao Deng
This study aimed to characterize the role and mechanisms of action of suppressor of AP-1, regulated by IFN (SARI) in androgen-independent prostate cancer cells using the DU145 cell line. Prostate cancer cell lines were transfected to permit both the overexpression and inhibition of SARI. MTT assays and Transwell assays were performed to detect the effects of SARI overexpression and inhibition on the proliferation activity, invasiveness, and metastatic ability of DU145 cells. Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and tyrosine-phosphorylated signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (p-STAT3) was monitored in the experimental groups using a qPCR assay and western blot analysis...
October 14, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Kangmin Zhuang, Juchang Zhang, Man Xiong, Xianfei Wang, Xiaobei Luo, Lu Han, Yan Meng, Yali Zhang, Wenting Liao, Side Liu
Abnormal expression of cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) has been found in several human cancers, whereas the role of CDK5 in the malignant development of colorectal cancer (CRC) has not been well characterized. Here we investigated the role of CDK5 in CRC and found that its expression was much higher in CRC tissues than that in normal tissues with a higher expression level of CDK5 closely correlating to advanced American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage, poor differentiation, increased tumor size and poor prognosis of CRC...
October 13, 2016: Cell Death & Disease
M B Huante, S Gupta, V C Calderon, S J Koo, M Sinha, B A Luxon, N J Garg, J J Endsley
Pathogens frequently exploit or evade inflammasome activation in order to survive and proliferate. Alternatively, inadequate inflammasome activation by attenuated microorganisms or adjuvanted subunit vaccines may contribute to poor longevity of protection. To further understand these pathways, we determined the differential inflammasome transcriptome of human THP monocyte-derived macrophages in response to Mycobacterium bovis BCG, as compared to LPS or Trypanosoma cruzi. The results identify the highly specific innate recognition programs associated with inflammasome activation by human macrophages exposed to these microbial stimuli...
September 28, 2016: Tuberculosis
Qiu-Fang Gao, Xiu-Hong Zhang, Feng-Lai Yuan, Ming-Dong Zhao, Xia Li
Bone loss is a critical pathology responsible for the functional disability in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It is well known that receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) ligand (RANKL) plays a crucial role in bone loss in RA. The purpose of this study was to determine whether recombinant human endostatin (rh-endostatin) mediates bone erosion in RA by regulation of RANKL expression in an experimental model of RA, consisting of mice with adjuvant-induced arthritis (AA). Cultured AA fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) obtained from these mice were induced by tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) combined with or without rh-endostatin...
October 12, 2016: Cell Biology International
Jin Young Kim, Garam Kim, Sung-Chul Lim, Hong Seok Choi
LPIN1 is a protein that exhibits dual functions as a phosphatidic acid phosphatase enzyme in regulation of triglyceride and glycerophospholipid metabolism and a transcriptional coregulator. Through unknown tumour-promoting mechanism, LPIN1 frequently observed in various human cancer cell lines controls main cellular processes involved in cancer progression. Here, we demonstrate that LPIN1 enhances the tumour-promoting function of insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS1) by controlling IRS1 stability. LPIN1 interacts with IRS1 in an insulin growth factor-1-dependent signalling pathway and inhibits its serine phosphorylation, and thereby eliminating ubiquitin-dependent degradation of IRS1 via proteasomal and lysosomal pathways...
October 11, 2016: Carcinogenesis
Jiayuan Huang, Yitian Chen, Junyang Li, Kai Zhang, Jing Chen, Dongqin Chen, Bing Feng, Haizhu Song, Jifeng Feng, Rui Wang, Longbang Chen
We previously demonstrated that expression of Notch-1 is associated with poor prognosis in lung adenocarcinoma (LAD) patients. The aim of this study is to reveal whether Notch-1 was associated with Taxanes-resistant LAD and, the underlying mechanisms. We collected 39 patients of advanced LAD treated with Taxanes and found that positive Notch-1 expression is closely related to LAD lymph node metastasis, recurrence and poorer prognosis, and Notch-1 acts as an independent poor prognostic factor in LAD by multivariate analysis with Cox regression model...
October 11, 2016: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
Sheng-Wei Luo, Wei-Na Wang, Ren-Chong Xie, Fu-Xing Xie, Jing-Rong Kong, Yu-Chao Xiao, Di Huang, Zuo-Ming Sun, Yuan Liu, Cong Wang
PTEN is a key tumor suppressor gene that can play a regulatory role in the cellular proliferation, survival and apoptosis. In this study, the full-length PTEN (EcPTEN) was obtained, containing a 5'UTR of 745 bp, an ORF of 1269 bp and a 3'UTR of 106 bp. The EcPTEN gene encoded a polypeptide of 422 amino acids with an estimated molecular mass of 49.14 KDa and a predicted isoelectric point (pI) of 6.34. The deduced amino acid sequence analysis showed that EcPTEN comprised the conserved residues and the characteristic domains known to the critical functionality of PTEN...
October 7, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Lichao Yang, Han Guo, Ying Li, Xianglan Meng, Lu Yan, Dan Zhang, Sangang Wu, Hao Zhou, Lu Peng, Qiang Xie, Xin Jin
The present study aimed to examine the anti-inflammatory actions of oleoylethanolamide (OEA) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced THP-1 cells. The cells were stimulated with LPS (1 μg/ml) in the presence or absence of OEA (10, 20 and 40 μM). The pro-inflammatory cytokines were evaluated by qRT-PCR and ELISA. The THP-1 cells were transiently transfected with PPARα small-interfering RNA, and TLR4 activity was determined with a blocking test using anti-TLR4 antibody. Additionally, a special inhibitor was used to analyse the intracellular signaling pathway...
October 10, 2016: Scientific Reports
Weiyan Gong, Yong Liu, Zhihong Wu, Shaohai Wang, Guixing Qiu, Shouqing Lin
The present study was performed to identify and characterize genes involved in osteoblasts function. Firstly, we constructed and sequenced a human osteoblast full-length cDNA library to screen for genes whose functions have not been reported and further identify these candidate genes through detecting the relationship with the activator protein-1 (AP-1) transcription factor complex using a dual luciferase reporter system. Only one gene, namely METRNL (Meteorin, glial cell differentiation regulator-like) has been screened out...
2016: PloS One
Bin-Feng Cheng, Yao-Xin Gao, Jun-Jiang Lian, Dan-Dan Guo, Lei Wang, Mian Wang, Hai-Jie Yang, Zhi-Wei Feng
Hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA), the main active ingredient in medical and edible dual purpose plant safflower, is reported to have multiple bioactivities. In the present study, the anti-inflammatory effects of HSYA and the underlying mechanisms were investigated in interleukin (IL)-1β-induced SW982 human synovial cells. The cells were pretreated with HSYA at various concentrations (2.5, 10 and 40 μM) followed by IL-1β (10 ng mL(-1)) stimulation. HSYA significantly inhibited the expression of IL-6, IL-8 and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 in IL-1β-stimulated SW982 cells...
October 7, 2016: Food & Function
Janine Toggweiler, Maria Willecke, Konrad Basler
Tumorigenesis is driven by genetic alterations that perturb the signaling networks regulating proliferation or cell death. In order to block tumor growth, one has to precisely know how these signaling pathways function and interplay. Here, we identified the transcription factor Ets21C as a pivotal regulator of tumor growth and propose a new model of how Ets21C could affect this process. We demonstrate that a depletion of Ets21C strongly suppressed tumor growth while ectopic expression of Ets21C further increased tumor size...
October 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
Nora Bengoa-Vergniory, Irantzu Gorroño-Etxebarria, Inmaculada López-Sánchez, Michele Marra, Pierluigi Di Chiaro, Robert Kypta
Wnt proteins preferentially activate either β-catenin-dependent or β-catenin-independent signals, but the activity of a particular Wnt also depends on cellular context and receptor availability. We previously reported that Wnt-3a induces neural differentiation of human embryonic stem cell-derived neural stem cells (NSCs) in a β-catenin-independent manner by activating a signal involving JNK and the AP-1 family member ATF-2. Here, we report the results of a gene silencing approach to identify the Wnt receptors that mediate this response to Wnt-3a...
October 5, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
Martyna Bieniek-Kobuszewska, Grzegorz Panasiewicz, Aleksandra Lipka, Marta Majewska, Bozena Szafranska
This is a pioneer study of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the entire promoter region (1204 bp) of the dominant pPAG2-L subfamily in the pig. The pPAG2-L subfamily was sequenced/examined using genomic deoxyribonucleic acid (gDNA) templates of crossbreed pigs (Landrace x Large White), and compared to two bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) clones containing gDNA of the Duroc breed (as the positive controls). Our analysis of the pPAG2-L promoter identified 31 SNPs and one InDel mutation in crossbreed pigs...
October 5, 2016: Functional & Integrative Genomics
X Liu, Y Sun, L Yue, S Li, X Qi, H Zhao, Y Yang, C Zhang, H Yu
Ginsenoside Rh2 has been shown to have an anti-tumor effect on a wide range of cancers. A previous study has shown that ginsenoside Rh2 can inhibit the proliferation of the human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cell line in a dose-dependent manner by activating caspase-8/3 activity to promote apoptosis. However, the association of the JNK signaling pathways and transcription factors with ginsenoside Rh2 in the suppression of non-small cell lung cancer has not yet been reported. In this study, we found that ginsenoside Rh2 can activate the JNK/MAPKs signaling pathway and increase the phosphorylation and transcriptional activity of the transcription factors AP-1 and ATF2...
September 19, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Ekaterina Dimitrova Bojilova, Christine Weyn, Marie-Hélène Antoine, Véronique Fontaine
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) have been shown to render HPV-carrying cells susceptible to intrinsic and extrinsic apoptotic signals. As such, these epigenetic drugs have entered clinical trials in the effort to treat cervical cancer. Here, we studied the effect of common HDACi, with an emphasis on Trichostatin A (TSA), on the transcriptional activity of the HPV-16 Long Control Region (LCR) in order to better understand the impact of these agents in the context of the HPV life cycle and infection. HDACi strongly induced transcription of the firefly luciferase reporter gene under the control of the HPV-16 LCR in a variety of cell lines...
September 26, 2016: Oncotarget
Peng Xu, Yongyan Dang, Luyang Wang, Xia Liu, Xiaolin Ren, Jun Gu, Mingyao Liu, Xing Dai, Xiyun Ye
Lgr4 is a member of the leucine-rich, G protein-coupled receptor family of proteins, and has recently been shown to augment Wnt/β-catenin signaling via binding to Wnt agonists R-spondins. It plays an important role in skin development, but its involvement in skin tumorigenesis is unclear. Here, we report that mice deficient for Lgr4 are resistant to 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced keratinocyte proliferation and papilloma formation. We show that TPA treatment activates MEK1, ERK1/2 and downstream effector AP-1 in wild-type (WT) epidermal cells and mice, but not in cells or mice where Lgr4 is depleted...
September 30, 2016: Cancer Letters
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