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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782861/foenumoside-b-isolated-from-lysimachia-foenum-graecum-extract-suppresses-lps-induced-inflammatory-response-via-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-ap-1-inactivation-in-murine-macrophages-and-in-endotoxin-induced-shock-model
#1
Hye-Eun Choi, Hyun Jeong Kwak, Seul Ki Kim, Hyae Gyeong Cheon
Foenumoside B (FSB), a bioactive component isolated from the Lysimachia foenum-graecum extract (LFE), has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory effects, but the underlying molecular mechanisms involved have not been elucidated. Accordingly, the authors investigated the mechanisms responsible for the anti-inflammatory effects of FSB in murine macrophages activated by LPS. FSB suppressed the LPS-induced expressions of iNOS and COX-2 at protein and mRNA levels and consequently decreased NO and PGE2 production in RAW264...
May 18, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779217/ginsenoside-c-mx-isolated-from-notoginseng-stem-leaf-ginsenosides-attenuates-ultraviolet-b-mediated-photoaging-in-human-dermal-fibroblasts
#2
Xiao-Yi Liu, Eunson Hwang, Bom Park, Hien T T Ngo, Yong-Kun Xiao, Tae-Hoo Yi
Notoginseng is a traditional herbal medicine widely used for medicinal therapy in Asia, as it contains numerous ginsenosides with pharmacological effects. In this study, we submitted Notoginseng stem-leaf (NGL) ginsenosides to an enzyme to create reaction the monomer products of ginsenoside C-Mx and then investigated the ability of ginsenoside C-Mx to protect the skin against ultraviolet B-induced injury in normal human dermal fibroblasts (NHDFs). Ginsenoside C-Mx alleviated UVB-induced intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), MMP-1, and IL-6 expression while accelerating TGF-β and procollagen type I secretion...
May 20, 2018: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778529/ap-1-takes-centre-stage-in-enhancer-chromatin-dynamics
#3
Pedro Madrigal, Kaur Alasoo
Recent studies involving induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) reprogramming in mice and monocyte-to-macrophage differentiation in humans have revealed a role for the transcription factor (TF) activator protein 1 (AP-1) in chromatin accessibility. Enhancer selection may be determined not only by cell type-specific sets of TFs but also by broadly expressed ones like AP-1.
May 16, 2018: Trends in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776592/response-to-metals-treatment-of-fra1-a-member-of-the-ap-1-transcription-factor-family-in-p-lividus-sea-urchin-embryos
#4
Roberta Russo, Rosa Bonaventura, Marco Chiaramonte, Caterina Costa, Valeria Matranga, Francesca Zito
Lithium (Li), Nickel (Ni), and Zinc (Zn) are metals normally present in the seawater, although they can have adverse effects on the marine ecosystem at high concentrations by interfering with many biological processes. These metals are toxic for sea urchin embryos, affecting their morphology and developmental pathways. In particular, they perturb differently the correct organization of the embryonic axes (animal-vegetal, dorso-ventral): Li is a vegetalizing agent and Ni disrupts the dorso-ventral axis, while Zn has an animalizing effect...
May 5, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772670/ann-surface-roughness-optimization-of-az61-magnesium-alloy-finish-turning-minimum-machining-times-at-prime-machining-costs
#5
Adel Taha Abbas, Danil Yurievich Pimenov, Ivan Nikolaevich Erdakov, Mohamed Adel Taha, Mahmoud Sayed Soliman, Magdy Mostafa El Rayes
Magnesium alloys are widely used in aerospace vehicles and modern cars, due to their rapid machinability at high cutting speeds. A novel Edgeworth⁻Pareto optimization of an artificial neural network (ANN) is presented in this paper for surface roughness ( Ra ) prediction of one component in computer numerical control (CNC) turning over minimal machining time ( Tm ) and at prime machining costs ( C ). An ANN is built in the Matlab programming environment, based on a 4-12-3 multi-layer perceptron (MLP), to predict Ra , Tm , and C , in relation to cutting speed, vc , depth of cut, ap , and feed per revolution, fr ...
May 16, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772230/replacing-c189-in-the-bzip-domain-of-zta-with-s-t-v-or-a-changes-dna-binding-specificity-to-four-types-of-double-stranded-dna
#6
Sreejana Ray, Desiree Tillo, Nima Assad, Aniekanabasi Ufot, Christopher Deppmann, Stewart R Durell, Aleksey Porollo, Charles Vinson
Zta is a bZIP transcription factor (TF) in the Epstein-Barr virus that binds unmethylated and methylated DNA sequences. Substitution of cysteine 189 of Zta to serine (Zta(C189S)) results in a virus that is unable to execute the lytic cycle which was attributed to a change in binding to methylated DNA sequences. To learn more about the role of this position in defining sequence-specific DNA binding, we mutated cysteine 189 to four other amino acids producing Zta(C189S), Zta(C189T), Zta(C189A), and Zta(C189V) mutants...
May 14, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768726/ribes-nigrum-l-prevents-uvb-mediated-photoaging-in-human-dermal-fibroblasts-potential-antioxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-activity
#7
Lu Li, Eunson Hwang, Hien T T Ngo, Seul A Seo, Pei Lin, Wei Gao, Ying Liu, Tae-Hoo Yi
Black currants (Ribes nigrum L, RN) are known as a "super fruit" to possess for their many potential health benefits such as the alleviation of oxidative stress-related disorders. However, little skin photoaging-related research has been done on the use of this agent. In the present study, we investigated the protective effects of RN in UVB-irradiated human dermal fibroblasts (NHDFs). RN treatment in UVB-irradiated skin models alleviated UVB-mediated photoaging through several mechanisms: Treatment with RN downregulated MAPK-related signaling models, such as those of activation protein 1 (AP-1) and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB)...
May 16, 2018: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768211/long-term-persistence-of-exhausted-cd8-t-cells-in-chronic-infection-is-regulated-by-microrna-155
#8
Erietta Stelekati, Zeyu Chen, Sasikanth Manne, Makoto Kurachi, Mohammed-Alkhatim Ali, Keith Lewy, Zhangying Cai, Kito Nzingha, Laura M McLane, Jennifer L Hope, Adam J Fike, Peter D Katsikis, E John Wherry
Persistent viral infections and tumors drive development of exhausted T (TEX ) cells. In these settings, TEX cells establish an important host-pathogen or host-tumor stalemate. However, TEX cells erode over time, leading to loss of pathogen or cancer containment. We identified microRNA (miR)-155 as a key regulator of sustained TEX cell responses during chronic lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) infection. Genetic deficiency of miR-155 ablated CD8 T cell responses during chronic infection. Conversely, enhanced miR-155 expression promoted expansion and long-term persistence of TEX cells...
May 15, 2018: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767241/transcriptome-sequencing-analysis-reveals-the-effect-of-combinative-treatment-with-low%C3%A2-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-and-magnesium-ions-on-hfob1-19-human-osteoblast-cells
#9
Haiyue Zu, Xueting Yi, Dewei Zhao
Biodegradable magnesium (Mg) materials are considered ideal as osteosynthesis implants. However, clinical application has proven complex. This is primarily associated with the issue of reducing the extent of implant degradation to a range acceptable for the human body, while simultaneously enhancing osteogenesis or osteoinduction. In the present study, a combination of Mg ions and low‑intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) treatment was applied in hFOB 1.19 human osteoblast cells as a potential strategy to resolve this issue...
May 11, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765489/gallic-acid-l-leucine-conjugate-protects-mice-against-lps-induced-inflammation-and-sepsis-via-correcting-proinflammatory-lipid-mediator-profiles-and-oxidative-stress
#10
Yuanyuan Cheng, Xuechen Li, Hung-Fat Tse, Jianhui Rong
The pathology of endotoxin LPS-induced sepsis is hallmarked by aberrant production of proinflammatory lipid mediators and nitric oxide (NO). The aim of the present study was to determine whether the new product gallic acid-L-leucine (GAL) conjugate could ameliorate the LPS-induced dysregulation of arachidonic acid metabolism and NO production. We first investigated the effects of GAL conjugate on the expression of proinflammatory enzymes and the production of proinflammatory NO and lipid mediators in mouse macrophage cell line RAW264...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765155/genetic-transcriptional-and-post-translational-regulation-of-the-programmed-death-protein-ligand-1-in-cancer-biology-and-clinical-correlations
#11
REVIEW
Ioannis Zerdes, Alexios Matikas, Jonas Bergh, George Z Rassidakis, Theodoros Foukakis
The programmed death protein 1 (PD-1) and its ligand (PD-L1) represent a well-characterized immune checkpoint in cancer, effectively targeted by monoclonal antibodies that are approved for routine clinical use. The regulation of PD-L1 expression is complex, varies between different tumor types and occurs at the genetic, transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels. Copy number alterations of PD-L1 locus have been reported with varying frequency in several tumor types. At the transcriptional level, a number of transcriptional factors seem to regulate PD-L1 expression including HIF-1, STAT3, NF-κΒ, and AP-1...
May 16, 2018: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758263/page4-and-conformational-switching-insights-from-molecular-dynamics-simulations-and-implications-for-prostate-cancer
#12
Xingcheng Lin, Susmita Roy, Mohit Kumar Jolly, Federico Bocci, Nicholas P Schafer, Min-Yeh Tsai, Yihong Chen, Yanan He, Alexander Grishaev, Keith Weninger, John Orban, Prakash Kulkarni, Govindan Rangarajan, Herbert Levine, José N Onuchic
Prostate-Associated Gene 4 (PAGE4) is an intrinsically disordered protein (IDP) implicated in prostate cancer. The stress-response kinase Homeodomain-Interacting Protein Kinase 1 (HIPK1) phosphorylates two residues in PAGE4, serine 9 and threonine 51. Phosphorylation of these two residues facilitates the interaction of PAGE4 with Activator Protein-1 (AP-1) transcription factor complex to potentiate AP-1's activity. In contrast, hyperphosphorylation of PAGE4 by CDC-Like Kinase 2 (CLK2) attenuates this interaction with AP-1...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757957/arthroprotective-effects-of-cf-02-sharing-structural-similarity-with-quercetin
#13
Feng-Cheng Liu, Jeng-Wei Lu, Chiao-Yun Chien, Hsu-Shan Huang, Chia-Chung Lee, Shiu-Bii Lien, Leou-Chyr Lin, Liv Weichien Chen, Yi-Jung Ho, Min-Chung Shen, Ling-Jun Ho, Jenn-Haung Lai
In this study, we synthesized hundreds of analogues based on the structure of small-molecule inhibitors (SMIs) that were previously identified in our laboratory with the aim of identifying potent yet safe compounds for arthritis therapeutics. One of the analogues was shown to share structural similarity with quercetin, a potent anti-inflammatory flavonoid present in many different fruits and vegetables. We investigated the immunomodulatory effects of this compound, namely 6-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-3-(3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-2 H -benzo[ e ][1,3]oxazine-2,4(3 H )-dione (Cf-02), in a side-by-side comparison with quercetin...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753890/characterization-of-the-promoter-of-white-spot-syndrome-virus-immediate-early-gene-wsv249
#14
Zi Yang, Xiaomin Xu, Fang Li, Feng Yang
White spot syndrome virus immediate early (IE) gene wsv249 encodes an E3 ubiquitin ligase that can interact with a shrimp ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme to mediate ubiquitination. In this study, to understand the transcriptional regulation of wsv249, a serial of 5'-truncated mutations were made on its promoter and the activities of mutated promoters was analyzed. Four 25 bp regions potentially containing either positive or negative regulatory elements were identified. Notably, the deletion of -275/-250, which abolished a cAMP-response element (CRE), greatly reduced the promoter activity by 84...
May 10, 2018: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753813/fos-metamorphoses-lessons-from-mutants-in-model-organisms-drosophila
#15
REVIEW
Carlos Alfonso-Gonzalez, Juan Rafael Riesgo-Escovar
The Fos oncogene gene family is evolutionarily conserved throughout Eukarya. Fos proteins characteristically have a leucine zipper and a basic region with a helix-turn-helix motif that binds DNA. In vertebrates, there are several Fos homologs. They can homo- or hetero-dimerize via the leucine zipper domain. Fos homologs coupled with other transcription factors, like Jun oncoproteins, constitute the Activator Protein 1 (AP-1) complex. From its original inception as an oncogene, the subsequent finding that they act as transcription factors binding DNA sequences known as TRE, to the realization that they are activated in many different scenarios, and to loss-of-function analysis, the Fos proteins have traversed a multifarious path in development and physiology...
May 10, 2018: Mechanisms of Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751609/pterostilbene-and-4-methoxyresveratrol-inhibited-lipopolysaccharide-induced-inflammatory-response-in-raw264-7-macrophages
#16
Yun Yao, Kehai Liu, Yueliang Zhao, Xiaoqian Hu, Mingfu Wang
Pterostilbene (Pte) and 4′-Methoxyresveratrol (4MR) are methylated derivatives of resveratrol. We investigated the anti-inflammatory effect of Pte and 4MR in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 murine macrophages. Both Pte and 4MR significantly reduced LPS-induced nitric oxide release by inhibiting the inducible nitric oxide synthase mRNA expression. Moreover, both of them inhibited LPS-induced mRNA expression of inflammatory cytokines including monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1, interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-1β, and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), and attenuated LPS-induced nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation by decreasing p65 phosphorylation...
May 11, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751576/thymoquinone-suppresses-irf-3-mediated-expression-of-type-i-interferons-via-suppression-of-tbk1
#17
Nur Aziz, Young-Jin Son, Jae Youl Cho
Interferon regulatory factor (IRF)-3 is known to have a critical role in viral and bacterial innate immune responses by regulating the production of type I interferon (IFN). Thymoquinone (TQ) is a compound derived from black cumin ( Nigella sativa L.) and is known to regulate immune responses by affecting transcription factors associated with inflammation, including nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and activator protein-1 (AP-1). However, the role of TQ in the IRF-3 signaling pathway has not been elucidated...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749503/a-gene-interaction-network%C3%A2-based-method-to-measure-the-common-and-heterogeneous-mechanisms-of-gynecological-cancer
#18
Mingyuan Wang, Liping Li, Jinglan Liu, Jinjin Wang
Gynecological malignancies are a leading cause of mortality in the female population. The present study intended to identify the association between three severe types of gynecological cancer, specifically ovarian cancer, cervical cancer and endometrial cancer, and to identify the connective driver genes, microRNAs (miRNAs) and biological processes associated with these types of gynecological cancer. In the present study, individual driver genes for each type of cancer were identified using integrated analysis of multiple microarray data...
May 3, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748977/paeonol-extracted-from-paeonia-suffruticosa-andr-ameliorated-uvb-induced-skin-photoaging-via-dld-nrf2-are-and-mapk-ap-1-pathway
#19
ZhengWang Sun, Juan Du, Eunson Hwang, Tae-Hoo Yi
Paeonia suffruticosa Andr. (PS) has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for a long time. However, there are no studies that investigate the preventive effects of PS on ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced photoaging. In this study, paeonol (PA) was detected the main compound in PS root. In vitro, PS and PA significantly inhibited UVB-induced phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinase and activator protein 1 in keratinocytes, which consequently led to degradation of procollagen type I. On the other hand, PS and PA increased NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 and heme oxygenase-1 expression, confirmed by greater nuclear accumulation of nuclear factor E2-releated factor 2 (Nrf2)...
May 10, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748389/cereblon-suppresses-lipopolysaccharide-induced-inflammatory-response-through-promoting-the-ubiquitination-and-degradation-of-c-jun
#20
Jing Yang, Min Huang, Liang Zhou, Xian He, Xiaogang Jiang, Yang Zhang, Guoqiang Xu
Chronic inflammation is associated with multiple human disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, metabolic diseases, and neurodegenerative diseases. Therefore, alleviation of inflammation induced by environment stimuli is important for disease prevention or treatment. Cereblon (CRBN) functions as a substrate receptor of the cullin-4 RING E3 ligase to mediate protein ubiquitination and degradation. Although it has been reported that CRBN reduces the inflammatory response through its non-enzymatic function, its role as a substrate receptor of the E3 ligase is not explored in mediating this process...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
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