Read by QxMD icon Read


Hirofumi Chiba, Yoichi Kakuta, Yoshitaka Kinouchi, Yosuke Kawai, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Munenori Nagao, Takeo Naito, Motoyuki Onodera, Rintaro Moroi, Masatake Kuroha, Yoshitake Kanazawa, Tomoya Kimura, Hisashi Shiga, Katsuya Endo, Kenichi Negoro, Masao Nagasaki, Michiaki Unno, Tooru Shimosegawa
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has an unknown etiology; however, accumulating evidence suggests that IBD is a multifactorial disease influenced by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. The influence of genetic variants on DNA methylation in cis and cis effects on expression have been demonstrated. We hypothesized that IBD susceptibility single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) regulate susceptibility gene expressions in cis by regulating DNA methylation around SNPs...
2018: PloS One
Moran Brenner, Lior Lobel, Ilya Borovok, Nadejda Sigal, Anat A Herskovits
Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) is a saprophyte and intracellular pathogen. Transition to the pathogenic state relies on sensing of host-derived metabolites, yet it remains unclear how these are recognized and how they mediate virulence gene regulation. We previously found that low availability of isoleucine signals Lm to activate the virulent state. This response is dependent on CodY, a global regulator and isoleucine sensor. Isoleucine-bound CodY represses metabolic pathways including branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) biosynthesis, however under BCAA depletion, as occurs during infection, BCAA biosynthesis is upregulated and isoleucine-unbound CodY activates virulence genes...
March 12, 2018: PLoS Genetics
Romain Madelaine, James H Notwell, Gemini Skariah, Caroline Halluin, Charles C Chen, Gill Bejerano, Philippe Mourrain
Thousands of human disease-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) lie in the non-coding genome, but only a handful have been demonstrated to affect gene expression and human biology. We computationally identified risk-associated SNPs in deeply conserved non-exonic elements (CNEs) potentially contributing to 45 human diseases. We further demonstrated that human CNE1/rs17421627 associated with retinal vasculature defects showed transcriptional activity in the zebrafish retina, while introducing the risk-associated allele completely abolished CNE1 enhancer activity...
March 6, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
Wei-Hong Sun, Ying-Zheng Wang, Yan Xu, Xiao-Wei Yu
Long non-coding RNAs play significant roles in many biological processes. The roles of lncRNAs in Pichia pastoris remain unclear. In this work, we focused on the identification of lncRNAs in P. pastoris and exploration of their potential roles in stress response to PLA2 overexpression and methanol induction. By strand specific RNA sequencing, 208 novel long non-coding RNAs were identified and analyzed. Bioinformatic analysis showed potential trans-target genes and cis-regulated genes of 39 differential lncRNAs...
February 26, 2018: Genomics
Min-Yan Chen, Guang-Dong Liao, Bin Zhou, Le-Ni Kang, Yan-Mei He, Shang-Wei Li
OBJECTIVES: To compare long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression levels in endometrium between patients with repeated implantation failure (RIF) following in vitro fertilization (IVF)-embryo transfer and control women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) and alignments were performed to identify lncRNAs and mRNAs using endometrial samples collected from 3 patients and 3 control women. A subset of 10 differentially expressed lncRNAs and 6 mRNAs were validated in all participants using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction...
January 1, 2018: Reproductive Sciences
Ye Lu, Diana Zhou, Rebecca King, Shuang Zhu, Claire L Simpson, Byron C Jones, Wenbo Zhang, Eldon E Geisert, Lu Lu
Purpose: Usher syndrome (US) is characterized by a loss of vision due to retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and deafness. US has three clinical subtypes, but even within each subtype, the severity varies. Myosin VIIA, coded by Myo7a, has been identified as one of the causal genes of US. This study aims to identify pathways and other genes through which Myo7a interacts to affect the presentation of US symptoms. Methods: In this study, we used the retinal tissue of BXD recombinant inbred (RI) mice to examine the expression of Myo7a and perform genetic mapping...
2018: Molecular Vision
Julia Seyfarth, Heinz Ahlert, Joachim Rosenbauer, Christina Baechle, Michael Roden, Reinhard W Holl, Ertan Mayatepek, Thomas Meissner, Marc Jacobsen
BACKGROUND: Impaired regulatory T cell immunity plays a central role in the development of type 1 diabetes (T1D). Interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R) signaling is essential for regulatory T cells (TREG), and cytokine-inducible SH2-containing protein (CIS) regulates IL-2R signaling as a feedback inhibitor. Previous studies identified association of CISH promoter region single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with susceptibility to infectious diseases. METHODS: Here we analyzed allele frequencies of three CISH SNPs (i...
February 6, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Pediatrics
Shuquan Rao, Mahdi Ghani, Zhiyun Guo, Yuetiva Deming, Kesheng Wang, Rebecca Sims, Canquan Mao, Yao Yao, Carlos Cruchaga, Dietrich A Stephan, Ekaterina Rogaeva
Although multiple susceptibility loci for late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) have been identified, a large portion of the genetic risk for this disease remains unexplained. LOAD risk may be associated with single-nucleotide polymorphisms responsible for changes in gene expression (eSNPs). To detect eSNPs associated with LOAD, we integrated data from LOAD genome-wide association studies and expression quantitative trait loci using Sherlock (a Bayesian statistical method). We identified a cis-regulatory eSNP (rs2927438) located on chromosome 19q13...
January 3, 2018: Neurobiology of Aging
Fang Zhang, Guiyou Liu, Daojing Li, Changjuan Wei, Junwei Hao
Inflammation that complicates many autoimmune diseases, such as multiple sclerosis (MS), has been correlated to abnormal differentiation of Th17 cells. However, the reasons that promote Th17 cell-driven autoimmunity are yet to be discovered. In this study, we sought evidence that DNA-damage-inducible transcript 4 (DDIT4) and its associated long noncoding RNA DDIT4 (lncDDIT4) inhibit Th17 cell differentiation. We recruited 36 patients. Six MS patients and five healthy volunteers (controls) contributed PBMCs as material for microarray analysis...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Aida Moreno-Moral, Marta Bagnati, Surya Koturan, Jeong-Hun Ko, Carmen Fonseca, Nathan Harmston, Laurence Game, Javier Martin, Voon Ong, David J Abraham, Christopher P Denton, Jacques Behmoaras, Enrico Petretto
OBJECTIVES: Several common and rare risk variants have been reported for systemic sclerosis (SSc), but the effector cell(s) mediating the function of these genetic variants remains to be elucidated. While innate immune cells have been proposed as the critical targets to interfere with the disease process underlying SSc, no studies have comprehensively established their effector role. Here we investigated the contribution of monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs) in mediating genetic susceptibility to SSc...
January 17, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Rui Chen, Ting Jiang, Yanling She, Sidong Xie, Shanyao Zhou, Cheng Li, Jun Ou, Yulin Liu
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as important regulators in the modulation of muscle development and muscle-related diseases. To explore potential regulators of muscle differentiation, we determined the expression profiles of lncRNAs and mRNAs in C2C12 mouse myoblast cell line using microarray analysis. Gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analyses were performed to explore their function. We also constructed co-expression, cis/trans-regulation, and competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) networks with bioinformatics methods...
March 20, 2018: Gene
Frédéric Fyon, Thomas Lenormand
With the advent of new sequencing technologies, the evolution of gene expression is becoming a subject of intensive genomic research, with sparking debates upon the role played by these kinds of changes in adaptive evolution and speciation. In this paper, we model expression evolution in species differing by their reproductive systems. We consider different rates of sexual versus asexual reproduction and the different type of parthenogenesis (apomixis and the various modes of automixis). We show that competition for expression leads to two selective processes on cis-regulatory regions that act independently to organism-level adaptation...
January 13, 2018: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
Jean-Luc C Mougeot, Braxton Noll, Farah K Bahrani Mougeot
Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is a chronic autoimmune disease affecting exocrine glands leading to mouth and eyes dryness. The extent to which epigenetic DNA methylation changes are responsible for an X-chromosome dose effect has yet to be determined. Our objectives were to (i) describe how epigenetic DNA methylation changes could explain an X-chromosome dose effect in SS for women with normal 46,XX genotype and (ii) determine the relevant relationships to this dose effect, between X-linked genes, genes controlling X-chromosome inactivation (XCI) and genes encoding associated transcription factors, all of which are differentially expressed and/or differentially methylated in the salivary glands of SS patients...
January 9, 2018: Oral Diseases
Wei-Cheng Liang, Jia-Lin Ren, Cheuk-Wa Wong, Sun-On Chan, Mary Miu-Yee Waye, Wei-Ming Fu, Jin-Fang Zhang
Emerging evidence indicates that the long noncoding RNAs extensively participate in cancer progression. Nevertheless, the molecular pathogenesis of how these lncRNAs regulate tumorigenesis has not been fully elucidated especially in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here, we sought to define the role of a novel lncRNA named lncRNA-NEF in modulating epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) in HCC. It was found that the lncRNA-NEF was transcriptionally activated by EMT suppressor FOXA2 and frequently downregulated in HCC cell lines as well as clinical specimens...
January 9, 2018: Oncogene
Cuiyan Wu, Huan Liu, Feng'e Zhang, Wanzhen Shao, Lei Yang, Yujie Ning, Sen Wang, Guanghui Zhao, Byeong Jae Lee, Mikko Lammi, Xiong Guo
Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) is a deformative, endemic osteochondropathy involving degeneration and necrosis of growth plates and articular cartilage. The pathogenesis of KBD is related to gene expression and regulation mechanisms, but long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in KBD have not been investigated. In this study, we identified 316 up-regulated and 631 down-regulated lncRNAs (≥ 2-fold change) in KBD chondrocytes using microarray analysis, of which more than three-quarters were intergenic lncRNAs and antisense lncRNAs...
December 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
T Maroilley, G Lemonnier, J Lecardonnel, D Esquerré, Y Ramayo-Caldas, M J Mercat, C Rogel-Gaillard, J Estellé
BACKGROUND: Efforts to improve sustainability in livestock production systems have focused on two objectives: investigating the genetic control of immune function as it pertains to robustness and disease resistance, and finding predictive markers for use in breeding programs. In this context, the peripheral blood transcriptome represents an important source of biological information about an individual's health and immunological status, and has been proposed for use as an intermediate phenotype to measure immune capacity...
December 13, 2017: BMC Genomics
Michal Rabani, Lindsey Pieper, Guo-Liang Chew, Alexander F Schier
The stability of mRNAs is regulated by signals within their sequences, but a systematic and predictive understanding of the underlying sequence rules remains elusive. Here we introduce UTR-seq, a combination of massively parallel reporter assays and regression models, to survey the dynamics of tens of thousands of 3' UTR sequences during early zebrafish embryogenesis. UTR-seq revealed two temporal degradation programs: a maternally encoded early-onset program and a late-onset program that accelerated degradation after zygotic genome activation...
December 21, 2017: Molecular Cell
Tingting Jiang, Yuzhuo Wang, Meng Zhu, Yifeng Wang, Mingtao Huang, Guangfu Jin, Xuejiang Guo, Jiahao Sha, Juncheng Dai, Zhibin Hu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations between genetically cis-regulated gene expression levels and nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA) susceptibility. DESIGN: Transcriptome-wide association study (TWAS). SETTING: Medical university. INTERVENTIONS: None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): The cis-hg2 values for each gene were estimated with GCTA software. The effect sizes of cis-single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on gene expression were measured using GEMMA software...
December 2017: Fertility and Sterility
Kenneth A Barr, Carlos Martinez, Jennifer R Moran, Ah-Ram Kim, Alexandre F Ramos, John Reinitz
BACKGROUND: Models that incorporate specific chemical mechanisms have been successful in describing the activity of Drosophila developmental enhancers as a function of underlying transcription factor binding motifs. Despite this, the minimum set of mechanisms required to reconstruct an enhancer from its constituent parts is not known. Synthetic biology offers the potential to test the sufficiency of known mechanisms to describe the activity of enhancers, as well as to uncover constraints on the number, order, and spacing of motifs...
November 29, 2017: BMC Systems Biology
Luis Leon-Novelo, Alison R Gerken, Rita M Graze, Lauren M McIntyre, Fabio Marroni
Allelic imbalance (AI) indicates the presence of functional variation in cis regulatory regions. Detecting cis regulatory differences using AI is widespread, yet there is no formal statistical methodology that tests whether AI differs between conditions. Here we present a novel model and formally test differences in AI across conditions using Bayesian credible intervals. The approach tests AI by environment (GxE) interactions and can be used to test AI between environments, genotypes, sex, and any other condition...
November 22, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"