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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221950/multistate-outbreak-of-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-infections-associated-with-consumption-of-fresh-spinach-united-states-2006
#1
Umid M Sharapov, Arthur M Wendel, Jeffrey P Davis, William E Keene, Jeffrey Farrar, Samir Sodha, Eija Hyytia-Trees, Molly Leeper, Peter Gerner-Smidt, Patricia M Griffin, Chris Braden
During September to October, 2006, state and local health departments and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention investigated a large, multistate outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections. Case patients were interviewed regarding specific foods consumed and other possible exposures. E. coli O157:H7 strains isolated from human and food specimens were subtyped using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat analyses (MLVA). Two hundred twenty-five cases (191 confirmed and 34 probable) were identified in 27 states; 116 (56%) case patients were hospitalized, 39 (19%) developed hemolytic uremic syndrome, and 5 (2%) died...
December 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221926/evaluation-of-selected-nutrients-and-contaminants-in-distillers-grains-from-ethanol-production-in-texas
#2
Kyung-Min Lee, Timothy J Herrman, Lynn Post
This article contains the results of the evaluation of distillers grain (DG) coproducts from different ethanol plants around the United States and supplemented in animal diets in Texas, based on samples analyzed from 2008 to 2014. The samples were assessed for concentration, occurrence, and prevalence of selected nutrients and contaminants. Protein and sulfur contents of DG were largely different between maize and sorghum coproducts, as well as wet distillers grain with solubles (WDGS) and dried distillers grain with solubles (DDGS), indicating a significant effect of grain feedstock and dry grind process stream on DG composition and quality...
September 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221908/content-analysis-of-vomit-and-diarrhea-cleanup-procedures-to-prevent-norovirus-infections-in-retail-and-food-service-operations
#3
Morgan G Chao, Anne-Julie Dubé, Cortney M Leone, Christina M Moore, Angela M Fraser
Human noroviruses are the leading cause of foodborne disease in the United States, sickening 19 to 21 million Americans each year. Vomit and diarrhea are both highly concentrated sources of norovirus particles. For this reason, establishing appropriate cleanup procedures for these two substances is critical. Food service establishments in states that have adopted the 2009 or 2013 U.S. Food and Drug Administration Food Code are required to have a program detailing specific cleanup procedures. The aim of our study was to determine the alignment of existing vomit and diarrhea cleanup procedures with the 11 elements recommended in Annex 3 of the 2011 Supplement to the 2009 Food Code and to determine their readability and clarity of presentation...
November 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220999/the-drosophila-divalent-metal-ion-transporter-malvolio-is-required-in-dopaminergic-neurons-for-feeding-decisions
#4
Eirik Søvik, Angela LaMora, Gurpreet Seehra, Andrew B Barron, Jennifer G Duncan, Yehuda Ben-Shahar
Members of the Natural resistance-associated macrophage protein (NRAMP) family are evolutionarily-conserved metal ion transporters that play an essential role in regulating intracellular divalent cation homeostasis in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Malvolio (Mvl), the sole NRAMP family member in insects, plays a role in food choice behaviors in Drosophila and other species. However, the specific physiological and cellular processes that require the action of Mvl for appropriate feeding decisions remain elusive...
February 21, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217907/diet-and-rheumatoid-arthritis-symptoms-survey-results-from-a-rheumatoid-arthritis-registry
#5
Sara K Tedeschi, Michelle Frits, Jing Cui, Zhi Zack Zhang, Taysir Mahmoud, Christine Iannaccone, Tzu-Chieh Lin, Kazuki Yoshida, Michael E Weinblatt, Nancy A Shadick, Daniel H Solomon
OBJECTIVE: Patients with RA often ask if specific foods, popularized as "inflammatory" or "anti-inflammatory," can improve or worsen their RA. We surveyed patients regarding diet and RA symptoms. METHODS: We mailed a diet survey to 300 subjects in a single-center RA registry at a large academic center. Subjects were asked whether they consume each of 20 foods and whether these foods make their RA symptoms better, worse, or unchanged. Semi-annual registry data include demographics, medications, comorbidities, and disease activity scores...
February 19, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216168/assessment-of-dietary-intake-of-10-intense-sweeteners-by-the-italian-population
#6
Cinzia Le Donne, Lorenza Mistura, Séverine Goscinny, Steven Janvier, Koenraad Cuypers, Laura D'Addezio, Stefania Sette, Giovina Catasta, Marika Ferrari, Raffaela Piccinelli, Joris Van Loco, Aida Turrini
The aim of the present study was to monitor the consumption of foods containing intense sweeteners present on the Italian food market and to investigate whether the Italian general population (aged >3-65+) was at risk for exceeding the Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) of 10 intense sweeteners. A food label survey was performed in Rome (Italy), using market share data to identify the brands more representative of the market. A sample of 326 foods (table-top sweeteners included), beverages and food supplements containing intense sweeteners was collected and analyzed in order to establish the concentration levels...
February 16, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216165/isolation-and-identification-of-new-chemical-constituents-from-chinese-chive-allium-tuberosum-and-toxicological-evaluation-of-raw-and-cooked-chinese-chive
#7
Quan Gao, Xia-Bing Li, Jia Sun, Er-Dong Xia, Feng Tang, Hai-Qun Cao, Hang Xun
Chinese chive (jiu cai) is a popular vegetable in China and has a unique flavour and aroma. The molecular basis of the characteristic fragrance and nutritional properties of Chinese chive has not been previously identified. Sequential extractions in a series of solvents and high-performance liquid chromatography were used to isolate 40 compounds from Chinese chive. The compounds were identified based on high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectra, 1D and 2D nuclear magnetic resonance techniques, and circular dichroism spectra...
February 16, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215873/can-the-amount-of-digestible-undegraded-protein-offered-to-ewes-in-late-pregnancy-affect-the-periparturient-change-in-resistance-to-gastrointestinal-nematodes
#8
Rocco S Sebastiano, Torres Sweeney, Timothy W J Keady, James P Hanrahan, Barbara Good
Ewes experience a temporary decline in resistance to gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) during the periparturient period, characterised by a rise in faecal egg count (FEC) that represents a major source of pasture contamination for naïve progeny. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of level of supplementation with digestible undegraded protein (DUP) during the last 6 weeks of pregnancy on periparturient FEC and the performance of ewes with a naturally acquired parasite infection. Eighty-five Belclare and Belclare x Scottish Blackface twin/triplet-bearing ewes were allocated to 1 of 4 dietary groups representing the combination of 2 concentrates (DUP concentration 29 and 94g/kg dry matter) with 2 levels of concentrate during the final 6 weeks of gestation (18 and 30kg in total for ewes with twins; 24 and 35kg for ewes with triplets)...
February 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215387/dissemination-of-technology-to-evaluate-healthy-food-incentive-programs
#9
Darcy A Freedman, Alan R Hunt, Katie Merritt, En-Jung Shon, Stephanie N Pike
INTRODUCTION: Federal policy supports increased implementation of monetary incentive interventions for chronic disease prevention among low-income populations. This study describes how a Prevention Research Center, working with a dissemination partner, developed and distributed technology to support nationwide implementation and evaluation of healthy food incentive programming focused on Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program recipients. METHODS: FM Tracks, an iOS-based application and website, was developed to standardize evaluation methods for healthy food incentive program implementation at direct-to-consumer markets...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215197/growth-responses-of-entire-and-immunocastrated-male-pigs-to-dietary-protein-with-and-without-ractopamine-hydrochloride
#10
T Needham, L C Hoffman, R M Gous
The interaction between dietary balanced protein, ractopamine (RAC) and Improvac (IMP) on the growth response of 120 individually penned male PIC© pigs was evaluated. The pigs entered the trial at 16 weeks of age and were assigned to 12 treatments using a 2×2×3 factorial design. Three balanced protein diets, formulated with standard illeal digestible lysine levels of 7.50 (low), 9.79 (medium) and 12.07 g/kg (high), were fed from 20 weeks. Improvac was administered at 16 and 20 weeks, the booster being given 4 weeks before slaughter...
February 20, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215190/brief-assessment-of-food-insecurity-accurately-identifies-high-risk-us-adults
#11
Craig Gundersen, Emily E Engelhard, Amy S Crumbaugh, Hilary K Seligman
OBJECTIVE: To facilitate the introduction of food insecurity screening into clinical settings, we examined the test performance of two-item screening questions for food insecurity against the US Department of Agriculture's Core Food Security Module. DESIGN: We examined sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of various two-item combinations of questions assessing food insecurity in the general population and high-risk population subgroups. SETTING: 2013 Current Population Survey December Supplement, a population-based US survey...
February 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215150/hypertension-current-strategies-to-lower-blood-pressure
#12
Jacek Rysz, Beata Franczyk, Maciej Banach, Anna Gluba-Brzózka
The prevalence of hypertension (HTN) worldwide is high and is constantly rising. HTN is considered to be a silent killer since often there are no obvious symptoms but long-term, HTN significantly increases the risk of coronary heart disease and cerebrovascular diseases. Those with diagnosed HTN or at high risk of its development, should start blood pressure (BP) lowering therapy based on natural methods including: lifestyle, regular physical activity, respiratory training, reducing body mass, lowering sodium intake with food, potassium supplementation, balanced diet enriched with herbs, reducing caffeine and alcohol intake, smoking cessation, stress avoidance and regular monitoring of the BP...
February 15, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213031/antimicrobial-resistance-and-its-association-with-tolerance-to-heavy-metals-in-agriculture-production
#13
REVIEW
Zhongyi Yu, Lynda Gunn, Patrick Wall, Séamus Fanning
Antimicrobial resistance is a recognized public health challenge that since its emergence limits the therapeutic options available to veterinarians and clinicians alike, when treatment is warranted. This development is further compounded by the paucity of new antibiotics. The agri-food industry benefits from the availability of antimicrobial compounds for food-animal production and crop protection. Nonetheless, their improper use can result in the selection for bacteria that are phenotypically resistant to these compounds...
June 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212353/effect%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-fibre%C3%A2-supplementation%C3%A2-on%C3%A2-body%C3%A2-weight%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-composition-%C3%A2-frequency%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-eating%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-dietary%C3%A2-choice%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-overweight%C3%A2-individuals
#14
Vicky A Solah, Deborah A Kerr Wendy J Hunt, Stuart K Johnson, Carol J Boushey, Edward J Delp, Xingqiong Meng, Roland J Gahler, Anthony P James, Aqif S Mukhtar, Haelee K Fenton, Simon Wood
Fibre supplementation can potentially reduce energy intake and contribute to weight loss. The mechanism may be reduced frequency of eating, resulting in reduced food consumption. The objective of this research was to determine the effectiveness of fibre supplementation with PolyGlycopleX® (PGX®), on body weight and composition, frequency of eating and dietary intake in 118 overweight adults. In a three-arm, parallel, blind, randomised controlled trial participants were randomised to one of three groups; 4...
February 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212320/a-mediterranean-diet-to-improve-cardiovascular-and-cognitive-health-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-intervention-study
#15
Alexandra T Wade, Courtney R Davis, Kathryn A Dyer, Jonathan M Hodgson, Richard J Woodman, Hannah A D Keage, Karen J Murphy
The Mediterranean diet has demonstrated efficacy for improving cardiovascular and cognitive health. However, a traditional Mediterranean diet delivers fewer serves of dairy and less dietary calcium than is currently recommended in Australia, which may limit long-term sustainability. The present study aims to evaluate whether a Mediterranean diet with adequate dairy and calcium can improve cardiovascular and cognitive function in an at-risk population, and thereby reduce risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cognitive decline...
February 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212306/metabolic-effects-of-berries-with-structurally-diverse-anthocyanins
#16
John Overall, Sierra A Bonney, Mickey Wilson, Arnold Beermann, Mary H Grace, Debora Esposito, Mary Ann Lila, Slavko Komarnytsky
Overconsumption of energy dense foods and sedentary lifestyle are considered as major causes of obesity-associated insulin resistance and abnormal glucose metabolism. Results from both cohort studies and randomized trials suggested that anthocyanins from berries may lower metabolic risks, however these reports are equivocal. The present study was designed to examine effects of six berries with structurally diverse anthocyanin profiles (normalized to 400 µg/g total anthocyanin content) on development of metabolic risk factors in the C57BL/6 mouse model of polygenic obesity...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212288/the-search-for-dietary-supplements-to-elevate-or-activate-circulating-paraoxonases
#17
REVIEW
José M Lou-Bonafonte, Clara Gabás-Rivera, María A Navarro, Jesús Osada
Low levels of paraoxonase 1 (PON1) have been associated with the development of several pathological conditions, whereas high levels have been shown to be anti-atherosclerotic in mouse models. These findings suggest that PON1 could be a good surrogate biomarker. The other members of the family, namely PON2 and PON3, the role of which has been much less studied, deserve more attention. This paper provides a systematic review of current evidence concerning dietary supplements in that regard. Preliminary studies indicate that the response to dietary supplements may have a nutrigenetic aspect that will need to be considered in large population studies or in clinical trials...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212284/micronutrient-intakes-in-553-dutch-elite-and-sub-elite-athletes-prevalence-of-low-and-high-intakes-in-users-and-non-users-of-nutritional-supplements
#18
Floris Wardenaar, Naomi Brinkmans, Ingrid Ceelen, Bo Van Rooij, Marco Mensink, Renger Witkamp, Jeanne De Vries
This study investigated whether athletes meet micronutrient recommendations and whether the adequacy of their intake is related to the use of dietary supplements, sport nutrition products or a combination. Micronutrient intakes of 553 Dutch (sub-) elite athletes were assessed using web-based 24-h dietary recalls with accompanying nutritional supplement questionnaires. In the majority of both users and non-users of dietary supplements, vitamin D intake was below the estimated average requirement (AR) if supplements were not included in the analysis...
February 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212012/-meyeniins-a-c-novel-hexahydroimidazo-1-5-c-thiazole-derivatives-from-the-tubers-of-lepidium-meyenii-complete-structural-elucidation-by-biomimetic-synthesis-and-racemic-crystallization
#19
Min Zhou, Hang-Ying Ma, Zhi-Hua Liu, Guang-Yu Yang, Gang Du, Yan-Qing Ye, Gan-Peng Li, Qiu-Fen Hu
(+)-Meyeniins A-C (1-3), a novel class of sulfur-containing hexahydroimidazo[1,5-c]thiazole derivatives, were isolated from the tubers of Lepidium meyenii cultivated in Lijiang, Yunnan Province, China. Guided by their biosynthetic hypothesis, a stereocontrolled biomimetic synthesis of meyeniins A-C and their individual enantiomers was efficiently accomplished by a combination of a condensation reaction and Edman degradation. The formation of high-quality crystals for X-ray crystallography occurred much more readily from a racemic mixture of (±)-meyeniin A than with the single enantiomer alone in this case...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210467/diversity-and-distribution-of-culturable-lactic-acid-bacterial-species-in-indonesian-sayur-asin
#20
Wibowo Mangunwardoyo, Abinawanto, Andi Salamah, Endang Sukara, Sulistiani, Achmad Dinoto
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) play important roles in processing of Sayur Asin (spontaneously fermented mustard). Unfortunately, information about LAB in Indonesian Sayur Asin, prepared by traditional manufactures which is important as baseline data for maintenance of food quality and safety, is unclear. The aim of this study was to describe the diversity and distribution of culturable lactic acid bacteria in Sayur Asin of Indonesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four Sayur Asin samples (fermentation liquor and fermented mustard) were collected at harvesting times (3-7 days after fermentation) from two traditional manufactures in Tulung Agung (TA) and Kediri (KDR), East Java provinces, Indonesia...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Microbiology
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