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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784296/the-effect-of-rosemary-rosmarinus-officinalis-l-extract-on-the-oxidative-stability-of-lipids-in-cow-and-soy-milk-enriched-with-fish-oil
#1
Xujian Qiu, Charlotte Jacobsen, Ann-Dorit Moltke Sørensen
Lipid oxidation of fish oil enriched cow milk and soy milk supplemented with rosemary extract stored at 2 °C was studied. Both peroxide value and volatile secondary lipid oxidation products were determined to monitor the progress of lipid oxidation. Rosemary extract inhibited lipid oxidation in fish oil enriched cow milk. In contrast, soy milk samples having much higher unsaturated fatty acid content showed higher lipid oxidation stability compared to cow milk. Reduction in the content of chlorogenic acid during storage suggested that this compound may contribute to the lipid oxidation stability of fish oil enriched soy milk product...
October 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783084/organochlorine-pesticides-ocps-and-polychlorinated-biphenyls-pcbs-in-cyprinidae-fish-towards-hints-of-their-arrangements-using-advanced-classification-methods
#2
Snježana Herceg Romanić, Gordana Vuković, Darija Klinčić, Marijana Matek Sarić, Ivan Župan, Davor Antanasijević, Aleksandar Popović
To tackle the ever-present global concern regarding human exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) via food products, this study strived to indicate associations between organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in lake-fish tissue depending on the species and sampling season. Apart from the monitoring initiatives recommended in the Global Monitoring Plan for POPs, the study discussed 7 OCPs and 18 PCB congeners determined in three Cyprinidae species (rudd, carp, and Prussian carp) from Vransko Lake (Croatia), which are widely domesticated and reared as food fish across Europe and Asia...
May 18, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783045/factors-affecting-gene-expression-and-activity-of-heme-and-manganese-dependent-catalases-in-lactobacillus-casei-strains
#3
Annamaria Ricciardi, Rocco Gerardo Ianniello, Eugenio Parente, Teresa Zotta
Catalases reduce oxidative stress by degrading hydrogen peroxide to molecular oxygen and water. The presence of heme-dependent or manganese-dependent catalases was observed for a long time in lactic acid bacteria (LAB) but, to date, knowledge on the factors affecting gene expression and enzymatic functionality are limited to a very few strains. In this study, the effect of atmosphere of incubation (not aerated static growth vs aerated shaken growth) and supplementation with Fe2+ , hemin, Mn2+ or their combinations on the catalase production of respiration-competent strain Lactobacillus casei N87 was evaluated using a 24 factorial design...
May 8, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782958/changes-in-behavioural-parameters-oxidative-stress-and-neurotrophins-in-the-brain-of-adult-offspring-induced-to-an-animal-model-of-schizophrenia-the-effects-of-fa-deficient-or-fa-supplemented-diet-during-the-neurodevelopmental-phase
#4
L Canever, T G Freire, G A Mastella, L Damázio, S Gomes, I Fachim, C Michels, G Carvalho, A K Godói, B R Peterle, F F Gava, S Valvassori Sda, J Budni, J Quevedo, A I Zugno
A deficiency of maternal folic acid (FA) can compromise the function and development of the brain, and may produce a susceptibility to diseases such as schizophrenia (SZ) in the later life of offspring. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of both FA deficient and FA supplemented diets during gestation and lactation on behavioural parameters, the markers of oxidative stress and neurotrophic factors in adult offspring which had been subjected to an animal model of SZ. Female mother rats (Dam's) were separated into experimental maternal groups, which began receiving a special diet (food) consisting of the AIN-93 diet, a control diet, or an FA deficient diet during the periods of pregnancy and lactation...
May 18, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782822/simultaneous-determination-of-intestinal-permeability-and-potential-drug-interactions-of-complex-mixtures-using-caco-2-cells-and-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry-studies-with-rauwolfia-serpentina-extract
#5
Thomas J Flynn, Sanah N Vohra
Caco-2 cells are a commonly used model for estimating the intestinal bioavailability of single chemical entity pharmaceuticals. Caco-2 cells, when induced with calcitriol, also express other biological functions such as phase I (CYP) and phase II (glucuronosyltransferases) drug metabolizing enzymes which are relevant to drug-supplement interactions. Intestinal bioavailability is an important factor in the overall safety assessment of products consumed orally. Foods, including herbal dietary supplements, are complex substances with multiple chemical components...
May 18, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782404/evaluating-patient-centered-outcomes-in-clinical-trials-of-procedural-sedation-part-2-safety-sedation-consortium-on-endpoints-and-procedures-for-treatment-education-and-research-recommendations
#6
Denham S Ward, Mark R Williams, John W Berkenbosch, Maala Bhatt, Douglas Carlson, Phillip Chappell, Randall M Clark, Isabelle Constant, Aaron Conway, Joseph Cravero, Albert Dahan, Franklin Dexter, Raymond Dionne, Robert H Dworkin, Tong J Gan, David Gozal, Steven Green, Michael G Irwin, Suzanne Karan, Michael Kochman, Jerrold Lerman, Jenifer R Lightdale, Ronald S Litman, Keira P Mason, James Miner, Robert E O'Connor, Pratik Pandharipande, Richard R Riker, Mark G Roback, Daniel I Sessler, Anne Sexton, Joseph R Tobin, Dennis C Turk, Rebecca S Twersky, Richard D Urman, Mark Weiss, Hannah Wunsch, Anna Zhao-Wong
The Sedation Consortium on Endpoints and Procedures for Treatment, Education, and Research, established by the Analgesic, Anesthetic, and Addiction Clinical Trial Translations, Innovations, Opportunities, and Networks, a public-private partnership with the US Food and Drug Administration, convened a second meeting of sedation experts from a variety of clinical specialties and research backgrounds to develop recommendations for procedural sedation research. The previous meeting addressed efficacy and patient- and/or family-centered outcomes...
May 17, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779121/a-comprehensive-comparable-study-of-the-physiological-properties-of-four-microalgal-species-under-different-light-wavelength-conditions
#7
Yu Zhong, Peng Jin, Jay J Cheng
Microalgae treated with blue light have potential for production of human nutrition supplement and biofuel due to their higher biomass productivity and favorable fatty acid composition. Chlorella vulgaris, Chlorella pyrenoidosa, Scenedesmus quadricauda and Scenedesmus obliquus are representative green microalgae which are widely reported for algal production. In this study, we provide a systematic investigation of the biomass productivity, photosynthetic pigments, chlorophyll fluorescence and fatty acid content of the four green microalgae...
May 19, 2018: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778677/growth-impacts-of-saharan-dust-mineral-nutrients-and-co-2-on-a-planktonic-herbivore-in-southern-mediterranean-lakes
#8
Manuel Villar-Argaiz, Marco J Cabrerizo, Juan Manuel González-Olalla, Macarena S Valiñas, Sanja Rajic, Presentación Carrillo
Rising levels of CO2 can boost plant biomass but reduce its quality as a food source for herbivores. However, significant uncertainties remain as to the degree to which the effect is modulated by other environmental factors and the underlying processes causing these responses in nature. To address these questions, we carried out CO2 -manipulation experiments using natural seston from three lakes under nutrient-enriched conditions (mimicking eutrophication and atmospheric dust-input processes) as a food source for the planktonic Daphnia pulicaria...
May 17, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777203/ginkgo-biloba-extracts-prevent-aortic-rupture-in-angiotensin-ii-infused-hypercholesterolemic-mice
#9
Xiao-Fang Huang, Song-Zhao Zhang, Ya-Yu You, Na Zhang, Hong Lu, Alan Daugherty, Xiao-Jie Xie
Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are a chronic vascular disease characterized by pathological luminal dilation. Aortic rupture is the fatal consequence of AAAs. Ginkgo biloba extracts (GBEs), a natural herb extract widely used as food supplements, drugs, and cosmetics, has been reported to suppress development of calcium chloride-induced AAAs in mice. Calcium chloride-induced AAAs do not rupture, while angiotensin II (AngII)-induced AAAs in mice have high rate of aortic rupture, implicating potentially different mechanisms from calcium chloride-induced AAAs...
May 18, 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776786/increases-in-sugary-drink-marketing-during-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-benefit-issuance-in-new-york
#10
Alyssa J Moran, Aviva Musicus, Mary T Gorski Findling, Ian F Brissette, Ann A Lowenfels, S V Subramanian, Christina A Roberto
INTRODUCTION: The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is the largest federal food assistance program, providing $67 billion in benefits to 44 million Americans. Some states distribute SNAP benefits over one or a few days each month, which may create an incentive for retailers to heavily promote top-selling products, like sugar-sweetened beverages, when benefits are disbursed. METHODS: A beverage environment scan assessing presence of displays, advertisements, and price promotions for sugar-sweetened, low-calorie, and unsweetened beverages was administered in a census of SNAP-authorized beverage retailers (n=630) in three cities in New York from November to September 2011...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776784/100-juice-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-among-children-in-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-and-nonparticipants
#11
Kelsey A Vercammen, Alyssa J Moran, Laura Y Zatz, Eric B Rimm
INTRODUCTION: The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) provides monthly food packages to low-income children (aged 1-4 years) in the U.S., including 128 ounces of 100% fruit juice and an $8 cash value voucher for purchasing fruits and vegetables. The fruit juice allowance translates to 71%-107% of the maximum intake recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics (4-6 ounces/day). Careful examination of WIC food package allocations is necessary because overconsumption of fruit juice among young children has been linked to weight gain and juice lacks important nutrients found in whole fruit (e...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776647/-effect-of-green-alga-ulva-lactuca-polysaccharides-supplementation-on-blood-pressure-and-on-atherogenic-risk-factors-in-rats-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#12
Z I Tair, F Bensalah, F Boukortt
AIM OF THE STUDY: To highlight the benefits of green alga Ulva lactuca polysaccharides supplementation on blood pressure and atherogenic risk factors in rats fed a high fat diet. METHODS: Wistar male rats were fed a high fat diet (30% sheep fat) for 3 months. At an average body weight (BW) of 360g, the rats (n=18) were divided into 3 groups and consumed, for 28 days, either a high fat diet (HFD) or a high fat diet enriched with 1% of whole green algae (WGA) powder or with 1% of its polysaccharides (PLS)...
May 15, 2018: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775716/ovalbumin-as-a-carrier-to-significantly-enhance-the-aqueous-solubility-and-photostability-of-curcumin-interaction-and-binding-mechanism-study
#13
Yujia Liu, Yanxue Cai, Danyang Ying, Yinlian Fu, Yahong Xiong, Xueyi Le
Egg ovalbumin (OVA) as a macromolecular carrier has the potential to improve the solubility and stability of insolubility bioactive molecules, however, their binding behavior and the mechanism is still ambiguous. In this work, the curcumin was selected as the target to study the interaction and binding mechanism between curcumin and OVA by thermodynamic titration technique in combination with molecular dynamic simulation. The results suggested that the binding included two steps: first, curcumin molecule entered into the hydrophobic pocket of OVA by hydrophobic interaction; and second the interaction was enhanced via hydrogen bonds, resulting in static fluorescence quenching and secondary structural change of OVA...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775545/effect-of-bamboo-vinegar-powder-as-an-antibiotic-alternative-on-the-digesta-bacteria-communities-of-finishing-pigs
#14
Huan Qu, Yanjie Huang, Yinghao Shi, Ying Liu, Shenglong Wu, Wenbin Bao
This study investigated the use for bamboo vinegar powder as an antibiotic alternative in the diet of growing-finishing pigs by examining their digestive bacterial communities. Forty-five Duroc × Landrace × Yorkshire growing-finishing pigs were randomly allocated to five diet groups: 0%,0.5%, 1.0%, or 1.5% bamboo vinegar levels and antibiotics. After 37 days, the digesta in duodenum of four pigs from each treatment were analyzed for their bacterial community compositions using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Addition of 1...
May 18, 2018: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775433/asian-american-mothers-demographic-characteristics-by-maternal-place-of-birth-and-asian-subgroup-2016
#15
Anne K Driscoll
This report describes women of Asian descent who gave birth in the United States in 2016. The 2016 vital statistics natality file was used to compare demographic characteristics of non-Hispanic Asian mothers across six Asian subgroups-Asian Indian, Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese-both overall and by whether they were U.S.-born or born outside the United States. In addition, non-Hispanic Asian mothers were compared with the overall U.S. population of mothers. Overall, 6.4% of U.S. births in 2016 were to non-Hispanic Asian women...
April 2018: National Vital Statistics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775214/pressurized-hot-water-extraction-of-bioactive-compounds-from-artichoke-by-products
#16
Imma Pagano, Anna Lisa Piccinelli, Rita Celano, Luca Campone, Patrizia Gazzerro, Mariateresa Russo, Luca Rastrelli
Artichoke by-products are a suitable source of health-promoting ingredients for the production of dietary supplements and food additives. A pressurized hot water extraction (PHWE) was developed to recover caffeoylquinic acids (CQAs) and flavone glycosides (FLs) from agro-industrial artichoke by-products. The main factors influencing PHWE efficiency and CQA isomerization (temperature, numbers of cycles, modifier and extraction time) were carefully studied and optimized by response surface design. The proposed PHWE procedure provides an exhaustive extraction of CQAs and FLs (recoveries: 93-105 and 90-105%) from artichoke external bracts and leaves of different cultivars (p > 0...
May 18, 2018: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774015/comparative-proteomic-and-morphological-change-analyses-of-staphylococcus-aureus-during-resuscitation-from-prolonged-freezing
#17
Biao Suo, Hua Yang, Yuexia Wang, Haipeng Lv, Zhen Li, Chao Xu, Zhilu Ai
When frozen, Staphylococcus aureus survives in a sublethally injured state. However, S. aureus can recover at a suitable temperature, which poses a threat to food safety. To elucidate the resuscitation mechanism of freezing survived S. aureus , we used cells stored at -18°C for 90 days as controls. After resuscitating the survived cells at 37°C, the viable cell numbers were determined on tryptic soy agar with 0.6% yeast extract (TSAYE), and the non-injured-cell numbers were determined on TSAYE supplemented with 10% NaCl...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773586/seafood-long-chain-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-cardiovascular-disease-a-science-advisory-from-the-american-heart-association
#18
REVIEW
Eric B Rimm, Lawrence J Appel, Stephanie E Chiuve, Luc Djoussé, Mary B Engler, Penny M Kris-Etherton, Dariush Mozaffarian, David S Siscovick, Alice H Lichtenstein
Since the 2002 American Heart Association scientific statement "Fish Consumption, Fish Oil, Omega-3 Fatty Acids, and Cardiovascular Disease," evidence from observational and experimental studies and from randomized controlled trials continues to emerge to further substantiate the beneficial effects of seafood long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and cardiovascular disease. A recent American Heart Association science advisory addressed the specific effect of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation on clinical cardiovascular events...
May 17, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773003/antioxidant-action-of-an-aqueous-extract-of-royal-sun-medicinal-mushroom-agaricus-brasiliensis-agaricomycetes-in-rats-with-adjuvant-induced-arthritis
#19
Aline Cristine da Silva de Souza, Geferson de Almeida Gonсalves, Andréia Assunсão Soares, Anacharis B de Sá-Nakanishi, Ana Paula de Santi-Rampazzo, Maria Raquel Marсal Natali, Rosane Marina Peralta, Adelar Bracht
The purpose of this study was to evaluate possible effects of the administration of an aqueous Agaricus brasiliensis extract on the oxidative state of the liver, brain, and plasma in adjuvant-induced arthritic rats, a model for human rheumatoid arthritis. Daily doses of 400 mg · kg-1 were administered by gavage for 23 days. This treatment produced significant diminutions in protein carbonylation and lipid damage in the liver, brain, and plasma. It also diminished the tissue reactive oxygen species and increased the antioxidant capacity of the plasma...
2018: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771623/effects-of-an-ethanolic-extract-of-mulberry-fruit-on-blood-pressure-and-vascular-remodeling-in-spontaneous-hypertensive-rats
#20
Sang Woong Park, Kyung Chul Shin, Soon-Kyu Yoou, Hyun Ji Park, Seo Hyeon Eun, Young Min Bae, Hyang Mi Lee, Han-Jung Chae, Soo-Wan Chae, Bok Hee Choi
Mulberry (Morus alba) has been used in traditional oriental medicine since ages. Recently, it has been reported that mulberry produces hypotensive effects through the eNOS signaling pathway. However, the mechanism underlying the hypotensive effects of mulberry is not entirely clear. Moreover, the effects of mulberry on vascular remodeling events such as hyperplasia, an important etiology in the pathogenesis of hypertension and arteriosclerosis, are also ambiguous. Here, we hypothesized that an ethanolic extract of mulberry fruit (EMF) has beneficial effects on vascular remodeling and produces hypotensive effects...
May 17, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
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