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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110300/irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-diet
#1
REVIEW
Piero Portincasa, Leonilde Bonfrate, Ornella de Bari, Anthony Lembo, Sarah Ballou
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic functional disorder of the gastrointestinal tract and is one of the most commonly diagnosed gastrointestinal diseases. The impact of IBS on the general population is large due to its high prevalence, suboptimal medical treatments and significant economic burden. The pathophysiology of IBS is complex and treatments are often symptom-specific. The most common therapeutic approaches for IBS include education and reassurance, lifestyles (especially nutrition-based interventions), peripherally acting medications (which typically target motility), centrally acting medications (which target visceral hypersensitivity and pain) and psychological interventions (which aim to reduce the effects of stress or symptom-specific anxiety)...
January 20, 2017: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109458/increasing-use-of-a-healthy-food-incentive-a-waiting-room-intervention-among-low-income-patients
#2
Alicia J Cohen, Caroline R Richardson, Michele Heisler, Ananda Sen, Ellen C Murphy, Oran B Hesterman, Matthew M Davis, Suzanna M Zick
INTRODUCTION: Diet-related disease is disproportionately concentrated in low-income communities where fruit and vegetable consumption is far below guidelines. To address financial barriers, Double Up Food Bucks (DUFB)-a statewide healthy food incentive-matches Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) funds spent at farmers markets. However, incentive use is limited. This study examined the impact of a brief waiting room-based intervention about DUFB on program utilization and produce consumption...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109423/moving-beyond-the-debate-over-restricting-sugary-drinks-in-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program
#3
EDITORIAL
Marlene B Schwartz
To address the dual problem of food insecurity and poor nutrition, the U.S. Department of Agriculture has recently revised the nutrition standards for nearly all of its federal food programs to align with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. One notable exception is the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). Policy proposals to restrict SNAP benefits based on nutrition quality (e.g., excluding sugary drinks) have generated controversy and have polarized previous research and advocacy allies. This essay presents many of the issues that have emerged, which include challenges about the feasibility, justification, and effectiveness of restricting benefits; the risk of a slippery slope; concerns about participant dignity; and finally, distrust about the motives behind promoting and opposing a policy change...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109422/improving-the-nutritional-impact-of-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-perspectives-from-the-participants
#4
Cindy W Leung, Aviva A Musicus, Walter C Willett, Eric B Rimm
INTRODUCTION: The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is the largest federal food assistance program designed to alleviate food insecurity and improve dietary intake. This study assessed the opinions of SNAP participants and food-insufficient nonparticipants on their perceptions of the program and strategies to improve its nutritional impact. METHODS: This study surveyed 387 individuals via Amazon Mechanical Turk, of whom 118 were SNAP participants and 269 were food insufficient but not enrolled in SNAP (nonparticipants)...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109420/improving-nutrition-by-increasing-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-benefits
#5
Ann M Collins, Jacob A Klerman
The diets of Americans fall far short of recommended dietary guidelines, and those who live in low-income households have even poorer diets than higher-income households. Many low-income Americans rely on the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). The program's dual goals are to improve food security and nutrition. Among the possible strategies to address dietary shortfalls among low-income Americans is to increase the SNAP benefit. This article uses data from the random assignment evaluation of the Summer Electronic Benefit Transfer for Children demonstration to add new insights on the impact of SNAP on diet quality for households receiving SNAP who also received SNAP-like benefits through Summer Electronic Benefit Transfer for Children...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109419/improving-nutrition-by-limiting-choice-in-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program
#6
EDITORIAL
Jacob A Klerman, Ann M Collins, Lauren E W Olsho
In contrast to the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children, the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) currently allows the purchase of almost any food. This paper reconsiders the role of two forms of limiting choice in SNAP. Using economic theory, descriptive analysis of survey data, and discussion of random assignment evaluation evidence from the Summer Electronic Benefit Transfer for Children Demonstration, the paper argues that because households can substitute cash for SNAP, banning the use of SNAP for less nutritionally desirable foods (e...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109418/rebates-to-incentivize-healthy-nutrition-choices-in-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program
#7
EDITORIAL
Lauren E W Olsho, Jacob A Klerman, Susan H Bartlett, Christopher W Logan
Price incentives, or rebates, have been proposed as one promising strategy for improving diet quality among Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program participants. This paper explores the existing evidence on effectiveness of rebates in this program. In particular, this paper considers findings from a recent RCT of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program rebates, the U.S. Department of Agriculture Healthy Incentives Pilot, in the context of the broader literature on rebate strategies. The paper concludes that rebates have a moderate impact on food intake, at moderate cost relative to alternative interventions...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109417/associations-of-cooking-with-dietary-intake-and-obesity-among-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-participants
#8
Lindsey Smith Taillie, Jennifer M Poti
INTRODUCTION: Participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) may help ease economic and time constraints of cooking, helping low-income households prepare healthier meals. Therefore, frequent cooking may be more strongly associated with improved dietary outcomes among SNAP recipients than among income-eligible non-recipients. Alternately, increased frequency of home-cooked meals among SNAP participants may be beneficial simply by replacing fast food intake. This study quantified the association between home cooking and fast food with diet intake and weight status among SNAP recipients...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109416/behavioral-economics-and-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-making-the-healthy-choice-the-easy-choice
#9
EDITORIAL
Alice S Ammerman, Terry Hartman, Molly M DeMarco
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) serves as an important nutritional safety net program for many Americans. Given its aim to use traditional economic levers to provide access to food, the SNAP program includes minimal nutritional requirements and restrictions. As food choices are influenced by more than just economic constraints, behavioral economics may offer insights and tools for altering food purchases for SNAP users. This manuscript outlines behavioral economics strategies that have potential to encourage healthier food choices within the SNAP program...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109415/food-security-and-weight-status-in-children-interactions-with-food-assistance-programs
#10
Binh T Nguyen, Christopher N Ford, Amy L Yaroch, Kerem Shuval, Jeffrey Drope
INTRODUCTION: It is unclear whether Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) or National School Lunch Program (NSLP) participation modifies the relationship between food insecurity and obesity in children. METHODS: Data were included for 4,719 children aged 9-17 years who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Survey between 2003-2004 and 2011-2012. Linear regression was used to examine the relationship between household food security (full, marginal, low, and very low) and BMI percentile...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109411/the-challenge-in-improving-the-diets-of-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-recipients-a-historical-commentary
#11
EDITORIAL
Barry M Popkin
This paper provides a historical background for the current nutrition issues faced by the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). The Food Stamp Program evolved into SNAP during a period when U.S. diets, particularly those of the poor, became less healthful. During the 1960s, the U.S. (Kennedy-Johnson era) addressed malnutrition first with a pilot project focused on retail sales and cash food stamps, which showed that low-income consumers purchased relatively healthy foods for a fairly high-quality diet...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107087/comparison-of-fatty-acid-composition-in-selected-dietary-supplements-containing-conjugated-linoleic-acid
#12
Dorota Derewiaka, Klara Nestorowicz, Rafał Wołosiak
The market of pharmaceutical products is offering a wide range of supplements. Most of the consumers believe that these products will improve their state of health, but are they getting what they want and what they are paying for? The aim of the study was to evaluate the quality of selected dietary supplements containing conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). All supplements were available in the Warsaw markets and bought from pharmacies. Assessment of the quality of food supplements was achieved by analysis of fatty acid using gas chromatography coupled with a mass spectrometer...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106758/validation-of-a-smartphone-image-based-dietary-assessment-method-for-pregnant-women
#13
Amy M Ashman, Clare E Collins, Leanne J Brown, Kym M Rae, Megan E Rollo
Image-based dietary records could lower participant burden associated with traditional prospective methods of dietary assessment. They have been used in children, adolescents and adults, but have not been evaluated in pregnant women. The current study evaluated relative validity of the DietBytes image-based dietary assessment method for assessing energy and nutrient intakes. Pregnant women collected image-based dietary records (via a smartphone application) of all food, drinks and supplements consumed over three non-consecutive days...
January 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106205/synbiotic-amazonian-palm-berry-a%C3%A3-ai-euterpe-oleracea-mart-ice-cream-improved-lactobacillus-rhamnosus-gg-survival-to-simulated-gastrointestinal-stress
#14
Mayra Garcia Maia Costa, Gabriela Namur Ooki, Antônio Diogo Silva Vieira, Raquel Bedani, Susana Marta Isay Saad
The effect of açai pulp ice cream and of its supplementation with inulin (I), whey protein concentrate (WC), and/or whey protein isolate (WI) on the viability and resistance to simulated gastrointestinal stress of the probiotic Lactobacillus (Lb.) rhamnosus GG strain throughout storage at -18 °C for up to 112 days was evaluated and morphological changes during stress were monitored. Lb. rhamnosus GG viability was stable in all formulations for up to 112 days of storage, preserving populations around 9 log CFU g(-1)...
January 20, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104709/utility-of-social-media-and-crowd-sourced-data-for-pharmacovigilance-a-scoping-review-protocol
#15
Andrea C Tricco, Wasifa Zarin, Erin Lillie, Ba Pham, Sharon E Straus
INTRODUCTION: Adverse events associated with medications are under-reported in postmarketing surveillance systems. A systematic review of published data from 37 studies worldwide (including Canada) found the median under-reporting rate of adverse events to be 94% in spontaneous reporting systems. This scoping review aims to assess the utility of social media and crowd-sourced data to detect and monitor adverse events related to health products including pharmaceuticals, medical devices, biologics and natural health products...
January 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104353/fluid-energy-and-nutrient-recovery-via-ad-libitum-intake-of-different-fluids-and-food
#16
Nadia Campagnolo, Elizaveta Iudakhina, Christopher Irwin, Matthew Schubert, Gregory R Cox, Michael Leveritt, Ben Desbrow
INTRODUCTION: This study compared the effects of ad libitum consumption of different beverages and foods on fluid retention and nutrient intake following exercise. METHODS: Ten endurance trained males (mean±SD; Age=25.3±4.9years, VO2max=63.0±7.2ml·kg·min(-1)) performed four trials employing a counterbalanced, crossover design. Following 60min of exercise (matched for energy expenditure and fluid loss) participants consumed either water (W1 and W2), a sports drink (Powerade® (P)) or a milk-based liquid meal supplement (Sustagen Sport® (SS)) over a four hour recovery period...
January 16, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103873/masquelier-s-grape-seed-extract-from-basic-flavonoid-research-to-a-well-characterized-food-supplement-with-health-benefits
#17
REVIEW
Antje R Weseler, Aalt Bast
Careful characterization and standardization of the composition of plant-derived food supplements is essential to establish a cause-effect relationship between the intake of that product and its health effect. In this review we follow a specific grape seed extract containing monomeric and oligomeric flavan-3-ols from its creation by Jack Masquelier in 1947 towards a botanical remedy and nutraceutical with proven health benefits. The preparation's research history parallels the advancing insights in the fields of molecular biology, medicine, plant and nutritional sciences during the last 70 years...
January 19, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103845/maternal-intake-of-seafood-and-supplementary-long-chain-n-3-poly-unsaturated-fatty-acids-and-preterm-delivery
#18
Anne Lise Brantsæter, Linda Englund-Ögge, Margareta Haugen, Bryndis Eva Birgisdottir, Helle Katrine Knutsen, Verena Sengpiel, Ronny Myhre, Jan Alexander, Roy M Nilsen, Bo Jacobsson, Helle Margrete Meltzer
BACKGROUND: Preterm delivery increases the risk of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Studies suggest that maternal diet may affect the prevalence of preterm delivery. The aim of this study was to assess whether maternal intakes of seafood and marine long chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCn-3PUFA) from supplements were associated with preterm delivery. METHODS: The study population included 67,007 women from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. Maternal food and supplement intakes were assessed by a validated self-reported food frequency questionnaire in mid-pregnancy...
January 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100284/role-of-flavonoids-and-nitrates-in-cardiovascular-health
#19
Julie A Lovegrove, Alex Stainer, Ditte A Hobbs
CVD remain the leading cause of death globally. Effective dietary strategies for their reduction are of high priority. Increasing evidence suggests that phytochemicals, particularly dietary flavonoids and nitrates, are key modulators of CVD risk reduction through impact on multiple risk factors. The aim of this review is to explore the evidence for the impact of flavonoid- and nitrate-rich foods and supplements on CVD risk, with specific reference to their importance as mediators of vascular health and platelet function...
January 19, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098050/dairy-food-supplementation-may-reduce-malnutrition-risk-in-institutionalised-elderly
#20
Sandra Iuliano, Shirley Poon, Xiaofang Wang, Minh Bui, Ego Seeman
Malnutrition in institutionalised elderly increases morbidity and care costs. Meat and dairy foods are high-quality protein sources so adequate intakes may reduce malnutrition risk. We aimed to determine whether inadequate intakes of meat and dairy foods contribute to malnutrition in institutionalised elderly. This cross-sectional study involved 215 elderly residents (70·2 % females, mean age 85·8 years) from twenty-one aged-care facilities in Melbourne, Australia. Dietary intake was assessed using observed plate waste...
January 18, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
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