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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152831/laser-treatment-of-cutaneous-angiokeratomas-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Jannett Nguyen, Lance W Chapman, Dorota Z Korta, Christopher B Zachary
Angiokeratomas can present therapeutic challenges, especially in cases of extensive lesions, where traditional surgical methods carry high risks of scarring and hemorrhage. Argon, pulsed dye (PDL), neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG), copper vapor, potassium titanyl phosphate, carbon dioxide, and erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Er:YAG) lasers have emerged as alternative options. To review the use and efficacy of lasers in treating angiokeratomas. A PubMed search identified randomized clinical trials, cohort studies, case series, and case reports involving laser treatment of cutaneous angiokeratomas...
November 19, 2017: Dermatologic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151615/effect-of-doping-of-kdp-crystal-with-amino-acid-l-arginine-on-the-strength-properties-and-character-of-laser-damage
#2
E F Dolzhenkova, E I Kostenyukova, O N Bezkrovnaya, I M Pritula
Studied were the strength characteristics of KDP crystals doped with l-arginine under a concentrated load and irradiation of the first harmonic YAG:Nd(3+) laser. The crystals were obtained by means of the temperature reduction method on a point seed, the content of l-arginine in the aqueous solution being 0.3, 0.4, 1.0 and 1.4 wt%. The character of the dependence of KDP microhardness versus the concentration of amino acid in the crystal was investigated. The regularities of brittle damage of the doped KDP crystal at mechanical testing and laser irradiation were shown to be similar...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Crystal Growth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143038/optical-nonlinearity-engineering-of-a-bismuth-telluride-saturable-absorber-and-application-of-a-pulsed-solid-state-laser-therein
#3
Yi-Ran Wang, Peng Lee, Bai-Tao Zhang, Yuan-Hua Sang, Jing-Liang He, Hong Liu, Chao-Kuei Lee
Saturable absorbers (SAs) have interesting applications for the realization of pulsed lasers in various wavelengths of fiber and solid-state lasers. Topological insulators (TIs) have been recently discovered to feature saturable absorption due to their unique band structure. In this study, high-purity layers of Bi2Te3 thin film SA have been successfully prepared using the spin coating-coreduction approach (SCCA). Compared with the typical method of preparing SAs, the SCCA can be used to prepare topological insulator saturable absorbers (TISAs) with high optical quality, large area consistency, and controllable thickness, which is critical for pulsed lasers...
November 16, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141060/efficacy-of-low-fluence-nd-yag-1064-nm-laser-for-the-treatment-of-post-inflammatory-hyperpigmentation-in-the-axillary-area
#4
Sahar Ghannam, Fatemah K Al Otabi, Konstantin Frank, Sebastian Cotofana
<p>OBJECTIVE: Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation results in aesthetically unpleasant discoloration of the skin in the affected area. The efficacy of low-fluence Q-switched 1064-nm Nd:YAG laser has so far not been evaluated for the treatment of the axilla. This observational study was designed to evaluate whether the application of the laser treatment can satisfactorily reduce axillary hyperpigmentation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 17 females (mean age, 34.27 ± 9.24; range, 19-48) were treated in a single center between 2014 and 2016 for post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation of the axillary area...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135036/prospective-studies-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-the-picosecond-755-1-064-and-532%C3%A2-nm-lasers-for-the-treatment-of-infraorbital-dark-circles
#5
Monique J Vanaman Wilson, Isabela T Jones, Joanna Bolton, Lisa Larsen, Douglas C Wu, Mitchel P Goldman
BACKGROUND: Infraorbital dark circles result from a combination of factors. The fractionated picosecond 755 nm alexandrite laser and dual wavelength picosecond Nd:YAG laser have not been examined as a method of addressing infraorbital hyperpigmentation. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy and safety of treatment of infraorbital dark circles using fractionated picosecond 755 nm and dual wavelength picosecond Nd:YAG laser. METHODS AND MATERIALS: These trials did not utilize a comparative design; rather, these were separate, prospective, open-label, evaluator-blinded trials utilizing two treatment regimens: (i) 19 adult subjects were treated in a single session with the dual wavelengths of 532 nm and 1,064 nm in consecutive passes using the fractionated lens; (ii) 10 adult subjects were treated using the picosecond 755 nm laser via the fractionated lens in three treatment sessions at 3 week intervals...
November 14, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133943/randomly-polarised-beam-produced-by-magnetooptically-q-switched-laser
#6
Ryohei Morimoto, Taichi Goto, Takunori Taira, John Pritchard, Mani Mina, Hiroyuki Takagi, Yuichi Nakamura, Pang Boey Lim, Hironaga Uchida, Mitsuteru Inoue
Diode-pumped solid-state micro lasers are compact (centimetre-scale), highly stable, and efficient. Previously, we reported Q-switched lasers incorporating rare-earth substituted iron garnet (RIG) film. Here, the first demonstration of the magnetooptical (MO) Q-switch in an Nd:YAG laser cavity is performed. We fabricate a quasi-continuous-wave (QCW) diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser cavity, which is shortened to 10 mm in length and which contains an RIG film and a pair of small coils. This cavity yields a 1,064.58-nm-wavelength pulse with 25-ns duration and 1...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133131/influence-of-the-hydrogen-bond-quantum-nature-in-liquid-water-and-heavy-water-on-stimulated-raman-scattering
#7
Fabing Li, Zhanlong Li, Shuo Li, Wenhui Fang, Chenglin Sun, Zhiwei Men
Stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) of liquid water and heavy water have been investigated using Nd:YAG laser. The SRS spectra of liquid heavy water indicate that ice-VII and ice-VIII structures are formed by shock-induced compression (SIC) in forward and backward directions, respectively. Simultaneously, the SRS spectra reveal of liquid water that only ice-VII structure is formed in the backward direction. The difference in ice structures formed by SIC in liquid water and heavy water could be attributed to the effect of the hydrogen bond quantum nature with H(+)...
November 3, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131717/in-vitro-effects-of-high-intensity-laser-photobiomodulation-on-equine-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cell-viability-and-cytokine-expression
#8
Frances J Peat, Aimee C Colbath, Lori M Bentsen, Laurie R Goodrich, Melissa R King
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the influence of neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser irradiation on equine bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) viability, proliferation, and cytokine expression in vitro. BACKGROUND: Photobiomodulation of cells using monochromatic light is a technique designed to influence cellular processes. Previous studies have shown dose-dependent effects of low-level laser irradiation on cell proliferation and cytokine expression in a range of cell types and species...
November 13, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131193/frequency-and-timing-stability-of-an-airborne-injection-seeded-nd-yag-laser-system-for-direct-detection-wind-lidar
#9
Christian Lemmerz, Oliver Lux, Oliver Reitebuch, Benjamin Witschas, Christian Wührer
We report on the design and performance of the laser deployed in the airborne demonstrator Doppler wind lidar for the Aeolus mission of the European Space Agency (ESA). The all-solid-state, diode-pumped and frequency-tripled Nd:YAG laser is realized as a master oscillator power amplifier (MOPA) system, generating 60 mJ of single-frequency pulses at 355 nm wavelength, 50 Hz repetition rate and 20 ns pulse duration. For the measurement of the Doppler frequency shift over several accumulated laser shots, the frequency stability of the laser is of crucial importance...
November 10, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123636/management-of-oral-lichen-planus-by-980-nm-diode-laser
#10
Nahid Derikvand, Seyedeh Sara Ghasemi, Mohammad Moharami, Ehsan Shafiei, Nasim Chiniforush
Introduction: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a mucocutaneous disease with uncertain etiology. As the etiology is unknown standard treatment modalities are not available. The traditional and common treatment relies on corticosteroids whether topical or systemic. In recent years, development of lasers made a proper path to use this instrument for treatment of the diseases which are refractory to conventional treatments. Previous studies in this field used CO2, ND:YAG, Excimer and some wavelength of diode lasers for the treatment of different types of lichen planus...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123628/evaluation-of-different-types-of-lasers-in-surface-conditioning-of-porcelains-a-review-article
#11
REVIEW
Amirhossin Mirhashemi, Nastaran Sharifi, Mohammad Moharrami, Nasim Chiniforush
To achieve proper bond strength for porcelains, adequate surface roughness is essential, which is traditionally gained by sandblasting or acid etching with hydrofluoric (HF) acid. Nowadays with the development of laser systems, serious efforts were made to apply this new instrument for surface etching of porcelains due to easy usage, safety, and more efficiency. There are different kinds of lasers and porcelains, so choosing the ones which will be good match for each other is crucial. Besides that, changing the irradiation setting can be beneficial as well...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119255/combining-raman-and-laser-induced-breakdown-spectroscopy-by-double-pulse-lasing
#12
Vasily N Lednev, Sergey M Pershin, Pavel A Sdvizhenskii, Mikhail Ya Grishin, Alexander N Fedorov, Vladimir V Bukin, Vadim B Oshurko, Alexander N Shchegolikhin
A new approach combining Raman spectrometry and laser induced breakdown spectrometry (LIBS) within a single laser event was suggested. A pulsed solid state Nd:YAG laser running in double pulse mode (two frequency-doubled sequential nanosecond laser pulses with dozens microseconds delay) was used to combine two spectrometry methods within a single instrument (Raman/LIBS spectrometer). First, a low-energy laser pulse (power density far below ablation threshold) was used for Raman measurements while a second powerful laser pulse created the plasma suitable for LIBS analysis...
November 8, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111604/a-comparitive-study-with-a-755%C3%A2-nm-picosecond-alexandrite-laser-with-a-diffractive-lens-array-and-a-532%C3%A2-nm-1-064%C3%A2-nm-nd-yag-with-a-holographic-optic
#13
Emil Tanghetti, John Jennings
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to better understand the cutaneous effects of using a fractional picosecond laser at 755 nm with a diffractive lens array and a picosecond Nd:YAG laser at 532 mn and 1,064 nm with a holographic optic. We characterized the injuries created by these devices on skin clinically and histologically over 24 hours. With this information we modeled the effects of these devices on a cutaneous target. METHODS: Eight patients, representing Fitzpatrick skin types I-VI, were treated on their backs with a picosecond Alexandrite laser with a diffractive lens array, as well as a picosecond Nd:YAG laser at 532 nm and 1,064 nm with a holographic optic...
November 7, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109883/nd-yag-laser-photodisruption-for-multilevel-premacular-hemorrhage-due-to-isolated-retinal-venous-macroaneurysm
#14
Kenan Sonmez, Pehmen Y Ozcan
A 55-year-old man presented with sudden deterioration of vision in the right eye. His visual acuity was reduced to hand motion because of a large multilevel premacular hemorrhage. Nd:YAG laser was performed to drain the entrapped hemorrhage under the internal limiting membrane (ILM) and posterior hyaloid face in the macula into the vitreous. Immediately after laser treatment, streaming of red blood cells into the vitreous gel through the perforation site was observed. At the first-month follow-up, BCVA improved to 20/25 and ILM wrinkling was observed at the macula where the preretinal hemorrhage cleared...
2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099224/replica-symmetry-breaking-in-the-photonic-ferromagneticlike-spontaneous-mode-locking-phase-of-a-multimode-nd-yag-laser
#15
André L Moura, Pablo I R Pincheira, Albert S Reyna, Ernesto P Raposo, Anderson S L Gomes, Cid B de Araújo
We demonstrate the replica symmetry breaking (RSB) phenomenon in the spontaneous mode-locking regime of a multimode Q-switched Nd:YAG laser. The underlying mechanism is quite distinct from that of the RSB recently observed in random lasers. Here, there is no random medium and the phase is not glassy with incoherently oscillating modes as in random lasers. Instead, in each pulse a specific subset of longitudinal modes are activated in a nondeterministic way, whose coherent oscillation dominates and frustrates the others...
October 20, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095259/comparison-of-hydrophobic-and-hydrophilic-intraocular-lens-in-preventing-posterior-capsule-opacification-after-cataract-surgery-an-updated-meta-analysis
#16
Yang Zhao, Ke Yang, Jiaxin Li, Yang Huang, Siquan Zhu
BACKGROUND: Posterior capsular opacification (PCO) is a common long-term complication of cataract surgery. Intraocular lens design and material have been implicated in influencing the development of PCO. This study evaluated the association of hydrophobic and hydrophilic intraocular lenses on preventing PCO. METHODS: Medline, Cochrane, EMBASE, and Google Scholar databases were searched until August 3, 2016, using the following search terms: cataract, posterior capsule opacification, and intraocular lens...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092171/100-khz-3-1-ns-1-89-j-cavity-dumped-burst-mode-nd-yag-mopa-laser
#17
Wentao Wu, Xudong Li, Renpeng Yan, Yiping Zhou, Yufei Ma, Rongwei Fan, Zhiwei Dong, Deying Chen
We demonstrated a cavity-dumped burst-mode 1.06 μm side-pumped Nd:YAG laser and its dual-stage dual-pass amplified laser performance. The cavity dumping process has been theoretically studied and the output performance has been experimentally investigated. At the pumping duration of 2 ms and pumping frequency of 10 Hz, burst energy, peak power and pulse width of the amplified laser reached 1.89 J, 2.87 MW and 3.1 ± 0.3 ns, respectively, at the Q-switch repetition rate of 100 kHz. The maximum energy extraction efficiency reaches to 30%...
October 30, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092139/high-efficiency-uv-generation-at-266-nm-in-a-new-nonlinear-optical-crystal-nasr3be3b3o9f4
#18
Zhi Fang, Zhan-Yu Hou, Feng Yang, Li-Juan Liu, Xiao-Yang Wang, Zu-Yan Xu, Chuang-Tian Chen
266 nm laser output in NaSr3Be3B3O9F4 crystal by the fourth harmonic generation process with a picosecond mode-locked Nd-based YAG laser has been done for the first time. When the input pumping energy was 870 μJ at 532 nm, a 280 μJ 266 nm UV laser was obtained and the corresponding conversion efficiency was 35.9%. Further investigations identified that NaSr3Be3B3O9F4 has a large acceptance angle width of 0.47 (mrad • cm), a small walk-off angle of 35.43 mrad and a large deff as 0.62 pm/V for the fourth harmonic generation...
October 30, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091606/two-photon-absorption-measurements-of-deep-uv-transmissible-materials-at-213%C3%A2-%C3%A2-nm
#19
S Patankar, S T Yang, J D Moody, G F Swadling, A C Erlandson, A J Bayramian, D Barker, P Datte, R L Acree, B Pepmeier, R E Madden, M R Borden, J S Ross
We report on two-photon absorption measurements at 213 nm of deep UV transmissible media, including LiF, MgF2, CaF2, BaF2, sapphire (Al2O3), and high-purity grades of fused-silica (SiO2). A high-stability 24 ps Nd:YAG laser operating at the 5th harmonic (213 nm) was used to generate a high-intensity, long-Rayleigh-length Gaussian focus inside the samples. The measurements of the fluoride crystals and sapphire indicate two-photon absorption coefficients between 0.004 and 0.82 cm/GW. We find that different grades of fused silica performed near identically for two-photon absorption; however, there are differences in linear losses associated with purity...
October 20, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090059/successful-treatment-of-corneal-larva-migrans-by-nd-yag-laser-photodisruption
#20
Jisha Kamalakshy, Krishna Babu, Padmasree Kamala Madhavan, Seshadrinathan Subrahmaniam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
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