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Thomas Kuhn, Vera M A Zizka, Julian Münster, Regina Klapper, Simonetta Mattiucci, Judith Kochmann, Sven Klimpel
Due to its remote and isolated location, Antarctica is home to a unique diversity of species. The harsh conditions have shaped a primarily highly adapted endemic fauna. This includes the notothenioid family Channichthyidae. Their exceptional physiological adaptations have made this family of icefish the focus of many studies. However, studies on their ecology, especially on their parasite fauna, are comparatively rare. Parasites, directly linked to the food chain, can function as biological indicators and provide valuable information on host ecology (e...
2018: PeerJ
Samuel Gómez
Investigations on the effects of the oxygen minimum zone on the distribution, abundance, and diversity of deep-sea benthic and pelagic fauna of the Gulf of California and Eastern Tropical Pacific has received attention recently. However, very little is known about the diversity of deep-sea benthic harpacticoids from this region, and only three species, Ancorabolus hendrickxi Gómez & Conroy-Dalton, 2002, Ceratonotus elongatus Gómez & Díaz, 2017 and Dendropsyllus californiensis Gómez & Díaz, 2017, have been described so far...
2018: ZooKeys
Larry L Bowman, Elizaveta S Kondrateva, Maxim A Timofeyev, Lev Y Yampolsky
Local adaptation and phenotypic plasticity are main mechanisms of organisms' resilience in changing environments. Both are affected by gene flow and are expected to be weak in zooplankton populations inhabiting large continuous water bodies and strongly affected by currents. Lake Baikal, the deepest and one of the coldest lakes on Earth, experienced epilimnion temperature increase during the last 100 years, exposing Baikal's zooplankton to novel selective pressures. We obtained a partial transcriptome of Epischura baikalensis (Copepoda: Calanoida), the dominant component of Baikal's zooplankton, and estimated SNP allele frequencies and transcript abundances in samples from regions of Baikal that differ in multy-year average surface temperatures...
April 25, 2018: Molecular Ecology
Geoff Boxshall
Fifty species of sea lice, members of the family Caligidae, were collected from the marine fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, during two workshops held in 2016. Only 21 of these species had previously been reported from Australian waters: of the remaining 29 species, 13 are new to science and another 16 are recorded from Australia for the first time. An illustrated differential diagnosis is presented for well known species; but for new or poorly known species a full description is provided. The 13 new species are: Anuretes amplus sp...
March 18, 2018: Zootaxa
Ekaterina Yu Afonina, Natalya A Tashlykova
The plankton community of sixteen saline lakes located on Onon-Torey plain (Northeastern Mongolia) during the filling phase and the raising of the water level was investigated in July 2011. Thirty-five taxa of phytoplankton and thirty-one species of zooplankton were found. For phytoplankton, blue-green algae ( Merismopedia elegans , Anabaenopsis elenkinii , Arthrospora fusiformis , Spirulina major , Lyngbya sp., Oscillatoria sp.) and green algae ( Monoraphidium minutum , Tetrastrum komarekii , Ankyra ocellata , Oocystis sp...
February 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Iris Aparecida Soares, Víctor Salinas, Omar Del Ponti, Miguel Alberto Mancini, José Luis Luque
Parasitic copepods of the family Lernaeidae are often found infesting freshwater fishes worldwide. They cause lernaeosis, a disease that can lead to serious pathogenic effects on their fish hosts. The most common lernaeid is the Lernaea cyprinacea, which has been widely introduced through importation of tropical fishes, e.g. cyprinids. In South America, it is one of the most common parasites both in wild and in farmed fish in the central region of Argentina. The silverside Odontesthes bonariensis is the most important fish of the sport fisheries of Argentina and one of the fish most affected by lernaeosis...
February 19, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
Anita Galir Balkić, Ivančica Ternjej, Irella Bogut
Dissimilar life features of Rotifera, Cladocera and Copepoda enable these organisms to respond differently to changes in the hydrological regime which influence alterations in environmental characteristics. We investigated the effect of habitat heterogeneity (e.g. eupotamal, parapotamal, palaeopotamal) on individual zooplankton group assemblages and biodiversity indices (α, β and γ diversity) during hydro regime change in floodplain waterbodies. Dissolved oxygen and organic nitrogen concentrations changed significantly among hydrological states while water depth was affected by both site and hydro regime replacement...
February 15, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
G Boldrocchi, Y Moussa Omar, D Rowat, R Bettinetti
The Gulf of Tadjoura is located in the Horn of Africa and is widely recognized as an important site where the zooplanktivorous whale sharks seasonally aggregate from October to February. The surface zooplankton community (0-3m) was weekly sampled from November 2016 to February 2017 in two sites during the whale shark aggregation period. A total of 12 phyla were identified. Copepoda represented the most abundant and diverse group with 29 different genera, and contributed with an average of 82% of the mean zooplankton density of approximately 6600indm-3 ...
June 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Susumu Ohtsuka, Dhugal J Lindsay, Kunihiko Izawa
A new genus and species of pennellid copepod, Protosarcotretes nishikawai n. g., n. sp., is described on the basis of an ovigerous female infecting a Pacific viperfish Chauliodus macouni collected from the deep-waters of Suruga Bay, Japan. The new genus exhibits the most plesiomorphic states in the first to fourth legs of pennellids, and is differentiated from two closely related pennellid genera Sarcotretes and Lernaeenicus by the morphology of the oral appendages. Two species of the genus Lernaeenicus are transferred to the new genus as Protosarcotretes multilobatus (Lewis, 1959) n...
2018: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
Liv Sandlund, Heidi Kongshaug, Tor Einar Horsberg, Rune Male, Frank Nilsen, Sussie Dalvin
The salmon louse is a marine ectoparasitic copepod on salmonid fishes. Its lifecycle consists of eight developmental stages, each separated by a molt. In crustaceans and insects, molting and reproduction is controlled by circulating steroid hormones such as 20-hydroxyecdysone. Steroid hormones are synthesized from cholesterol through catalytic reactions involving a 7,8-dehydrogenase Neverland and several cytochrome P450 genes collectively called the Halloween genes. In this study, we have isolated and identified orthologs of neverland, disembodied and shade in the salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) genome...
2018: PloS One
T Yu Mayor, Yu A Galimova, N G Sheveleva, L V Sukhanova, S V Kirilchik
Lake Baikal is inhabited by a relatively large number of cyclopid species, many of which are endemics. Two genera, Diacyclops Kiefer, 1927 and Acanthocyclops Kiefer, 1927, are the most specious in the lake. Taxonomic discrimination of the majority of representatives of these genera is difficult owing to their high morphological similarities and poor standard description. In this study, a molecular phylogenetic analysis of Lake Baikal members of the Diacyclops/Acanthocyclops group is performed on the basis of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene...
February 2017: Genetika
Simone Fattorini, Tiziana Di Lorenzo, Diana M P Galassi
Earthquakes are important natural events, yet their impacts on animal communities are poorly known. Understanding earthquake impacts on groundwater communities is essential to assess their resilience and hence to perform conservation actions. We investigated how a 6.3 Mw earthquake that occurred in 2009 altered the community structure (diversity, evenness, dominance, species abundance distributions and beta-diversity) of microcrustaceans (Crustacea Copepoda) inhabiting springs fed by the Gran Sasso Aquifer (Central Italy)...
January 24, 2018: Scientific Reports
Myriam Garbouj, Bouchra Benmansour, Yann Quilichini, Sihem Bahri
Strabax monstrosus von Nordmann, 1864 (Copepoda: Chondracanthidae) is an ectoparasite and it was recently recorded from small red scorpionfish, Scorpaena notata Rafinesque, and red scorpionfish, Scorpaena scrofa L., collected from Tunisian coastal waters. Copepod females were found deeply embedded in the branchial cavity reaching the cardiac region with their mouth-parts. Observations of females and males using scanning electron microscopy showed a number of morphological features that have been previously overlooked or incompletely presented...
March 26, 2018: Acta Parasitologica
Patrick D Mathews, Ana C M F Patta, Gabriella S Gama, Omar Mertins
The occurrence of copepods ergasilid was investigated in two species of cichlids of economic importance for aquaculture in the Amazon region: Cichla monoculus and Chaetobranchus semifasciatus. The fish were collected from a semi-intensive fish farm, near the city of Nauta, Loreto State, Peru. Copepods were found in the gill filaments of 44 of 85 specimens (51.7%) of C. monoculus and in eight of 30 (26.6%) specimens of C. semifasciatus. The parasite was identified as Ergasilus coatiarus based on its morphological features...
January 2018: Comptes Rendus Biologies
Ewa Harasimczuk, Aina-Cathrine Øvergård, Sindre Grotmol, Frank Nilsen, Sussie Dalvin
The salmon louse, Lepeophtheirus salmonis (Copepoda: Caligidae), is currently the most significant pathogen affecting the salmon farming industry in the Northern Hemisphere. Exocrine glands of blood-feeding parasites are believed to be important for the host-parasite interaction, but also in the production of substances for integument lubrication and antifouling. In L. salmonis; however, we have limited knowledge about the exocrine glands. The aim of this study was therefore to examine three genes containing fibronectin type II (FNII) domains expressed in L...
January 2018: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology
Hyun Gi Jeong, Artem Y Sinev, Anton Brancelj, Kwang-Hyeon Chang, Alexey A Kotov
Groundwater-dwelling Cladocera are to date known only from the caves and hyporheic zones of the rivers in Europe (Belgium, England, France, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Slovenia, Spain), Turkey (European part) and Arabian Peninsula (Yemen). All these animals belong to the subfamily Aloninae Dybowski & Grochowski of the family Chydoridae Dybowski & Grochowski (Cladocera: Anomopoda). Examination of some samples collected by our colleagues - experts in Copepoda, Bathynellidae and Amphipoda-in South Korea led us to discovery of a new stygobiotic alonine genus, which is also the first record of a groundwater-dwelling cladoceran in Asia...
November 1, 2017: Zootaxa
Maria Cristina Bruno, Vezio Cottarelli, Heidi Christine Hauffe, Chiara Rossi, Ulrike Obertegger, Rosario Grasso, Maria Teresa Spena
We describe Stammericaris destillans sp. nov., and re-describe Stammericaris trinacriae (Pesce, Galassi and Cottarelli 1988) based on new material. The two species were collected from epikarstic drips and pools on the floor of two different caves: a karstic (Molara Cave) and a gypsum (Entella Cave) cave, respectively, both located in Sicily, Italy. We also report the presence of previously undescribed structures for Stammericaris amyclaea (Cottarelli 1969) and Stammericaris orcina (Chappuis 1938). Phylogenetic analyses of the mitochondrial COI and ribosomal 18S genes attributed the new species to Stammericaris Jakobi 1972, therefore the structure of the male P4 endopod of S...
November 17, 2017: Zootaxa
Vinod Vakati, Wonchoel Lee
Five Nannopus Brady, 1880 species that are new to science are described from the intertidal mudflats of the Korean West Coast, Yellow Sea (South Korea). Nannopus minutus sp. nov. and N. dimorphicus sp. nov. belong to a group of species defined by seven elements on P4 exp-3, and these two species are unique by the pinnate caudal seta III. These species differ in the number of dorsal integumental windows on the cephalothorax (three in N. minutus, one in N. dimorphicus), shape of the distal small seta on the P4 endopod (naked in N...
December 1, 2017: Zootaxa
Camila C Borges, Elizabeth G Neves, Rodrigo Johnsson
Recent surveys of the copepod fauna associated with the sponge Ircinia felix (Porifera, Dictyoceratida) in Brazil resulted in the discovery of a new siphonostomatoid species belonging to a recently erected genus of Asterocheridae. Setacheres portobarrensis sp. nov. possesses a 21-segmented antennule, with 3 free distal segments, after the aesthetasc. The third exopodal segment of leg 3 shows a distal seta instead of a spine as in some other congeners. The new species shows several unique features on the third endopodal segment of the antenna, the mandibular stylet, the inner lobe of the maxillule, and setules and spinules located in specific regions of legs 1 to 4...
December 8, 2017: Zootaxa
Lisa Mevenkamp, Ee Zin Ong, Carl Van Colen, Ann Vanreusel, Katja Guilini
In future global change scenarios the surface ocean will experience continuous acidification and rising temperatures. While effects of both stressors on marine, benthic communities are fairly well studied, consequences of the interaction of both factors remain largely unknown. We performed a short-term microcosm experiment exposing a soft-bottom community from an intertidal flat in the Westerscheldt estuary to two levels of seawater pH (ambient pHT  = 7.9, reduced pHT  = 7.5) and temperature (10 °C ambient and 13 °C elevated temperature) in a crossed design...
February 2018: Marine Environmental Research
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