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Gastric bypass BMI limits

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936585/understanding-intestinal-glucose-transporter-expression-in-obese-compared-to-non-obese-subjects
#1
Rebecca A Deal, Yueming Tang, Reid Fletcher, Alfonso Torquati, Philip Omotosho
INTRODUCTION: The impact of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) on weight loss and co-morbid disease resolution is well established. However, the mechanisms underlying the procedure remain incompletely understood. Intestinal remodeling involving glucose transporters (GLUTs) may play a crucial role. Rat studies have demonstrated morphological adaptation of GLUTs within adipose and intestinal cells in association with the reprogramming of glucose metabolism. There is a limited understanding of the variations in expression amongst GLUT family receptors in the human intestine...
September 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891022/converting-a-sleeve-gastrectomy-to-a-gastric-bypass-for-weight-loss-failure-is-it-worth-it
#2
Nadav Nevo, Subhi Abu-Abeid, Guy Lahat, Joseph Klausner, Shai M Eldar
BACKGROUND: Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is gaining popularity and has become the procedure of choice for many bariatric surgeons. Long-term weight loss failure is not uncommon. The preferred revisional procedure for these patients is still under debate. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic gastric bypass as a revisional surgery for sleeve gastrectomy patients with weight loss failure. SETTING: The study was done at a bariatric surgery center in a university hospital...
September 10, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870706/bariatric-surgery-in-adolescents-with-severe-obesity-review-and-state-of-the-art-in-france
#3
Régis Coutant, Natacha Bouhours-Nouet, Aurélie Donzeau, Mathilde Fauchard, Anne Decrequy, Jean Malka, Elise Riquin, Marion Beaumesnil, Agnès Sallé, Claire Briet, Philippe Topart, Françoise Schmitt
Severe obesity (body mass index>120% of BMI IOTF-30 cut off) and morbid obesity (BMI>140% of BMI IOTF-30 cut off) affect 5 to 10% of obese adolescents in France. Organic complications can be found in about 50% of these patients, and depressive symptoms in one-third of them. Finally, over 70% will suffer from adult morbid obesity associated with a marked increase in morbidity and mortality. However, the reversion of obesity strongly decreases, and may even cancels, these risks. In controlled randomized studies, lifestyle interventions have limited effectiveness on BMI in children (and none in adolescents)...
September 1, 2017: Annales D'endocrinologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831661/bariatric-surgery-is-gaining-ground-as-treatment-of-obesity-after-heart-transplantation-report-of-two-cases
#4
Levan Tsamalaidze, Enrique F Elli
Experience with bariatric surgery in patients after orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) is still limited. We performed a retrospective review of patients who underwent bariatric surgery after OHT from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2016. Two post-OHT patients with BMI of 37.5 and 36.2 kg/m² underwent laparoscopic robotic-assisted Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, respectively. Quality of life substantially improved for both patients. Bariatric surgery is safe and feasible in OHT patients, despite numerous risk factors...
August 22, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822023/pulse-contour-derived-cardiac-output-measurements-in-morbid-obesity-influence-of-actual-ideal-and-adjusted-bodyweight
#5
Chantal A Boly, Pieter Schraverus, Floris van Raalten, Jan-Willem Coumou, Christa Boer, Simone van Kralingen
The non-invasive Nexfin cardiac output (CO) monitor shows a low level of agreement with the gold standard thermodilution method in morbidly obese patients. Here we investigate whether this disagreement is related to excessive bodyweight, and can be improved when bodyweight derivatives are used instead. We performed offline analyses of cardiac output recordings of patient data previously used and partly published in an earlier study by our group. In 30 morbidly obese patients (BMI > 35 kg/m(2)) undergoing laparoscopic gastric bypass, cardiac output was simultaneously determined with PiCCO thermodilution and Nexfin pulse-contour method...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797684/surgical-and-functional-outcomes-following-buried-penis-repair-with-limited-panniculectomy-and-split-thickness-skin-graft
#6
Lindsay A Hampson, Wade Muncey, Paul Chung, C C Ma, Jeffrey Friedrich, Hunter Wessells, Bryan B Voelzke
OBJECTIVES: To report surgical and functional outcomes of buried penis surgery. METHODS: Outcomes following buried penis surgery at the University of Washington were assessed 6/1/2005 - 6/1/2016. Patient demographic and surgical data were abstracted from a retrospective chart review. All patients were attempted to be contacted by phone for long-term follow-up. Uni- and multi-variate analysis was performed to evaluate for association with any complication. RESULTS: A total of 42 men underwent buried penis repair surgery (mean short-term follow-up 8...
August 7, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795291/influence-of-patient-choice-on-outcome-of-bariatric-surgery
#7
P Vasas, S Nehemiah, A Hussain, J Finney, K Kirk, S Yeluri, S Balchandra
BACKGROUND: The "perfect" bariatric procedure remains the topic of debate. The aim of this study is to compare the safety and outcome of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) to those of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and adjustable gastric band (AGB) in a single centre, amongst those patients who made their own choice of which procedure they prefer. METHODS: After the multi-disciplinary team's assessment, the patients could make their own choice of procedures (self-selected, SS), unless medical/surgical conditions limited this (medically restricted, MR)...
August 9, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613044/for-debate-should-bariatric-surgery-be-performed-in-children-and-adolescents-with-hypothalamic-obesity
#8
EDITORIAL
Sarka Stolbova, Marek Benes, Lenka Petruzelkova, Jan Lebl, Stanislava Kolouskova
Hypothalamic dysfunction leading to severe obesity is a serious long-term consequence of paediatric craniopharyngioma. It compromises quality of life, leads to long-term metabolic hazards, and may shorten life expectancy. Therefore, a proactive approach is required. Conventional treatment of hypothalamic obesity is difficult and hardly successful. Experience with bariatric surgery is limited, especially in younger patients. Two retrospective studies recently reported on classic bariatric surgery in a small series of individuals after craniopharyngioma...
June 2017: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472844/-roux-y-gastric-bypass-for-morbid-obesity-in-adolescents-is-it-as-safe-and-effective-as-in-obese-adults
#9
Frank Benedix, Marek Kusibab, Daniela Adolf, Eric Lorenz, Stefanie Wolff, Hans Lippert, Thomas Manger, Christine Stroh
Background Obesity is one of the major challenges of the 21st century. There is also an increasing incidence of obesity in adolescents. Bariatric surgery has been proven safe and effective in obese adults. In adolescents, these operations are still subject to controversy. Current evidence is limited regarding its safety and outcome in this age group. Methods Within the German Bariatric Surgery Registry, data from obese patients that underwent bariatric procedures in Germany are prospectively registered. The current analysis includes all adolescent and adult subjects that underwent primary Roux-Y-gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery from 2005 to 2014...
May 4, 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465258/comparing-quality-of-life-outcomes-between-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-and-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-using-the-rand36-questionnaire
#10
Christina A W Macano, Sitaramachandra M Nyasavajjala, Alastair Brookes, Guillaume Lafaurie, Manel Riera
BACKGROUND: Obesity surgery is an effective treatment to improve the health of patients. There is a lack of data regarding weight loss surgery outcomes and effects on Quality of Life (QoL). This study aims to compare changes in QoL following either Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG) or Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (LRYGB). METHODS: SF36 questionnaires were mailed to all LSG and LRYGB patients who underwent surgery in 2013. Demographic data was obtained from hospital records...
June 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455801/weight-loss-failure-and-reoperation-after-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding-and-gastric-bypass-a-case-matched-cohort-study
#11
James G Bittner Iv, Natasha L Clingempeel, Luke G Wolf
INTRODUCTION: Not long ago, laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) was considered a safe and effective treatment of morbid obesity; however, long-term outcomes revealed significant complication and failure rates. We hypothesized that LAGB has higher rates of weight loss failure, reoperation, and overall failure compared to laparoscopic gastric bypass (LRYGB) at long-term follow-up. METHODS: A matched case-control study was performed. Patients who underwent primary LAGB or LRYGB at a university hospital between 2004 and 2011 were propensity matched for age, gender, race, body mass index (BMI), and weight-related co-morbidities...
April 28, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298900/the-impact-of-bariatric-surgery-on-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-the-management-of-hypoglycemic-events
#12
REVIEW
Mahmoud Attia Mohamed Kassem, Michael Andrew Durda, Nicoleta Stoicea, Omer Cavus, Levent Sahin, Barbara Rogers
Recent studies discussed the benefit of bariatric surgery on obese patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Several factors play an essential role in predicting the impact of bariatric surgery on T2DM, such as ABCD score (age, BMI, C-peptide, and duration of the disease), HbA1c, and fasting blood glucose, incretins [glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and gastric inhibitory peptide (GIP)]. DiaRem score known to include factors such as age, HbA1c, medication, and insulin usage used to predict the remission of T2DM, but it has some limitations...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271426/rapid-evidence-review-of-bariatric-surgery-in-super-obesity-bmi%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-50-kg-m-2
#13
Kim Peterson, Johanna Anderson, Erin Boundy, Lauren Ferguson, Katherine Erickson
BACKGROUND: Despite accumulating evidence of the important health benefits of bariatric surgery in morbidly obese patients in general, bariatric surgery outcomes are less clear in higher-risk, high-priority populations of patients with BMI ≥ 50 kg/m(2). To help the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Health Services Research & Development Service (HSR&D) develop a research agenda, we conducted a rapid evidence review to better understand bariatric surgery outcomes in adults with BMI ≥ 50 kg/m(2)...
April 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271378/vertical-gastric-bypass-with-fundectomy-feasibility-and-2-year-follow-up-in-a-series-of-morbidly-obese-patients
#14
Marco Antonio Zappa, Alberto Aiolfi, Cinzia Musolino, Maria Paola Giusti, Giovanni Lesti, Andrea Porta
BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is the gold standard procedure for morbid obesity and its results are well known and largely discussed. The major limitation of the procedure is the difficult exploration of the excluded gastric pouch and duodenum. The vertical gastric bypass with fundectomy was recently introduced in attempt to overcome these limitations. To date, its effectiveness is debated and outcomes still unclear. The purposes of this study were to describe the vertical gastric bypass with fundectomy and to analyse its outcomes in term of weight loss, complications, and comorbid resolutions...
August 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199805/bariatric-surgery-versus-intensive-medical-therapy-for-diabetes-5-year-outcomes
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Philip R Schauer, Deepak L Bhatt, John P Kirwan, Kathy Wolski, Ali Aminian, Stacy A Brethauer, Sankar D Navaneethan, Rishi P Singh, Claire E Pothier, Steven E Nissen, Sangeeta R Kashyap
BACKGROUND: Long-term results from randomized, controlled trials that compare medical therapy with surgical therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes are limited. METHODS: We assessed outcomes 5 years after 150 patients who had type 2 diabetes and a body-mass index (BMI; the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters) of 27 to 43 were randomly assigned to receive intensive medical therapy alone or intensive medical therapy plus Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy...
February 16, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159563/influence-of-a-rural-environment-on-patient-access-and-outcomes-for-bariatric-surgery
#16
Kristie L Bergmann, Stephanie J Cox, Lawrence E Tabone
BACKGROUND: Despite a higher rate of obesity in rural populations, there is a 23% decrease in performed bariatric procedures. The influence of a rural environment on surgical outcomes and treatment efficacy is unknown. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all bariatric surgeries performed in a large university hospital in West Virginia from September 2012 to September 2014. Patients were categorized based on their rural-urban commuting area codes. Subject demographic characteristics, insurance provider, type of surgery, completion of program, preoperative body mass index (BMI), percent excess weight loss (%EWL), and percent total weight loss (%TWL) at 6 and 12 months postoperatively, and follow-up appointment attendance were collected...
April 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122320/revisional-bariatric-surgery-in-a-transplant-patient
#17
Salman Al Sabah, Eliana Al Haddad
INTRODUCTION: A BMI of over 35-45kg/m2 is deemed the upper limit for considering a patient for a renal transplant. Voluntary weight loss attempts are a major concern for patients while on hemodialysis, however, bariatric surgeries have opened up a new door to notable weight loss results, even demonstrating significant improvements of patients' diabetic profile and hypertension. CASE REPORT: Case of a 52-year-old male with a BMI of 42 in end-stage renal disease, that needed a kidney transplant but was ineligible to be placed on the waiting list due to his weight...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795883/a-comparison-of-outcomes-of-bariatric-surgery-in-patient-greater-than-70-with-18-month-of-follow-up
#18
Hinali Zaveri, Amit Surve, Daniel Cottam, Christina Summerhays, Austin Cottam, Christina Richards, LeGrand Belnap, Walter Medlin
BACKGROUND: There is a scarcity of data available to determine the safety and effectiveness of bariatric surgery in the elderly population. Additionally, there are no studies showing the effect of the single anastomosis duodenal switch (SADS) has on the elderly obese, in comparison with other more popular procedures. Here we compare laparoscopic gastric band surgery (LAGB), Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (LRYGB), and the SADS to analyze the weight loss, perioperative and postoperative morbidity in the patients >70 years of age at a single US center...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771313/food-cravings-and-food-consumption-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-versus-cholecystectomy
#19
Reena Sudan, Ranjan Sudan, Elizabeth Lyden, Jon S Thompson
BACKGROUND: Food cravings and consumption of craved foods after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) are poorly understood. Food cravings after bariatric surgery may explain why some patients fail to change eating behaviors after RYGB, and understanding these cravings may provide better information for nutritional counseling to either enhance weight loss or prevent weight regain. OBJECTIVES: To study cravings in RYGB patients and compare them with cholecystectomy (CC) control patients...
February 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686232/predictive-value-of-c-reactive-protein-for-complications-post-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#20
Murray R Williams, Samuel McMeekin, R Jonathan T Wilson, Glenn V Miller, Fiona E Langlands, Wingzou Wong, Mark Peter, Mathew S Giles
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) has gained increasing popularity as the primary procedure of choice for the management of patients with morbid obesity. Despite the advances, a few patients will still develop complications and predicting these early complications in morbidly obese patients can prove to be difficult. Radiological investigations have limited diagnostic value and have associated side effects and cost. We propose that C-reactive protein (CRP) is a useful predictor for early postoperative complications...
March 2017: Obesity Surgery
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