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Physical activity and neurological conditions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884595/melatonin-protection-against-age-related-cardiac-pathology
#1
REVIEW
Gaia Favero, Lorenzo Franceschetti, Barbara Buffoli, Moghadasian H Mohammed, Russel J Reiter, Luigi Fabrizio Rodella, Rita Rezzani
Aging is a complex and progressive process that involves physiological and metabolic deterioration in every organ and system. Cardiovascular diseases are one of the most common causes of mortality and morbidity among elderly subjects worldwide. Most age-related cardiovascular disorders can be influenced by modifiable behaviours such as a healthy diet rich in fruit and vegetables, avoidance of smoking, increased physical activity and reduced stress. The role of diet in prevention of various disorders is a well-established factor, which has an even more important role in the geriatric population...
November 21, 2016: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824285/increased-central-arterial-stiffness-after-spinal-cord-injury-contributing-factors-implications-and-possible-interventions
#2
Amanda Huai Xin Lee, Aaron A Phillips, Andrei V Krassioukov
Individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) experience life-threatening cardiovascular events and various autonomic consequences in addition to the well-appreciated motor and neurological impairments. As a result, cardiovascular disease is a major cause of death after SCI, corresponding to a 2-4 fold increased risk of cardiovascular events. A combination of neuroanatomical changes, unstable blood pressure, and rapid deconditioning as a result of decreased physical activity likely contributes to accelerated cardiovascular disease progression in after SCI...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779958/aeromedical-evaluation-for-an-f-16-candidate-with-incomplete-paraplegia
#3
Monica Chahal-Kummen, Trond-Eirik Strand, Jan Ove Owe, Eigil Gulliksen, Anthony S Wagstaff
BACKGROUND: A candidate with paraplegia contacted the Institute of Aviation Medicine, Oslo, requesting a medical examination and medical certification for flying back seat on an F-16 Fighting Falcon. Thorough aeromedical examinations, including specialist evaluations, were initiated for the final decision to be made. CASE REPORT: Almost 13 yr earlier the candidate had acquired spinal cord damage at neurological level L1 after falling 4 m (13 ft) from out of a window...
2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778158/neurorehabilitation-applied-neuroplasticity
#4
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Mary P Galea, Roman Gonzenbach, Jürg Kesselring
The prevalence of disability due to neurological conditions is escalating worldwide. Neurological disorders have significant disability-burden with long-term functional and psychosocial issues, requiring specialized rehabilitation services for comprehensive management, especially treatments tapping into brain recovery 'neuroplastic' processes. Neurorehabilitation is interdisciplinary and cross-sectorial, requiring coordinated effort of diverse sectors, professions, patients and community to manage complex condition-related disability...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733079/a-randomised-control-trial-of-walking-to-ameliorate-brain-injury-fatigue-a-nidrr-tbi-model-system-centre-based-study
#5
Stephanie A Kolakowsky-Hayner, Kimberly Bellon, Ketra Toda, Tamara Bushnik, Jerry Wright, Linda Isaac, Jeffrey Englander
Fatigue is one of the most commonly reported sequelae after traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study evaluated the impact of a graduated physical activity programme on fatigue after TBI. Using a prospective randomised single-blind crossover design, 123 individuals with TBI, over the age of 18, were enrolled. Interventions included a home-based walking programme utilising a pedometer to track daily number of steps at increasing increments accompanied by tapered coaching calls over a 12-week period. Nutritional counselling with the same schedule of coaching calls served as the control condition...
October 13, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722115/clinical-and-functional-outcomes-of-acute-lower-extremity-compartment-syndrome-at-a-major-trauma-hospital
#6
Loreto Lollo, Andreas Grabinsky
BACKGROUND: Acute lower extremity compartment syndrome (CS) is a condition that untreated causes irreversible nerve and muscle ischemia. Treatment by decompression fasciotomy without delay prevents permanent disability. The use of intracompartmental pressure (iCP) measurement in uncertain situations aids in diagnosis of severe leg pain. As an infrequent complication of lower extremity trauma, consequences of CS include chronic pain, nerve injury, and contractures. The purpose of this study was to observe the clinical and functional outcomes for patients with lower extremity CS after fasciotomy...
July 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676862/physical-activity-assessments-in-disable-adults-living-in-adult-foster-homes
#7
Clothilde Hellouin-Desenne, Emma Marano, Xavier Devillard, Pascal Giraux
OBJECTIVE: To draw a questionnaire to estimate physical activity of adult foster home residents. To observe the physical activity's level and available time. To estimate the APA development's interest. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: We designed a questionnaire allowing to assess the physical activity in a population with motor deficiencies. It was tested among 12 healthy subjects and 25 adult foster home residents. The residents' stay at this foster home (FH) lasts between a few days and a few weeks...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663524/quantifying-dimensions-of-physical-behavior-in-chronic-pain-conditions
#8
Anisoara Paraschiv-Ionescu, Christophe Perruchoud, Blaise Rutschmann, Eric Buchser, Kamiar Aminian
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain, defined as persistent or recurrent pain lasting longer than 3 months, is a frequent condition affecting an important percent of population worldwide. Pain chronicity can be caused by many different factors and is a frequent component of many neurological disorders. An important aspect for clinical assessment and design of effective treatment and/or rehabilitation strategies is to better understand the impact of pain on domains of functioning in everyday life...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635250/the-resource-utilisation-of-medically-unexplained-physical-symptoms
#9
Kimberley Lee, Malcolm H Johnson, Julie Harris, Frederick Sundram
OBJECTIVES: As patients with medically unexplained physical symptoms may present frequently to hospital settings and receive potentially unnecessary investigations and treatments, we aimed to assess the frequency and type of medically unexplained physical symptoms presentations to clinical services and estimate the associated direct healthcare costs. METHODS: This study was undertaken at the largest district health board in New Zealand. All patients with a diagnosed presentation of medically unexplained physical symptoms in 2013 were identified using the district health board's clinical coding system...
2016: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584976/group-singing-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-parkinson-s-disease
#10
Romane V Abell, Amee D Baird, Kerry A Chalmers
Objective: Parkinson's disease (PD) has a negative impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Previous studies have shown that participating in group singing activities can improve quality of life in some patient populations (e.g., people with chronic mental health or neurological conditions). The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of group singing on HRQoL for people diagnosed with PD. Method: Eleven participants (mean age 70.6 years) with a formal diagnosis of PD between Hoehn and Yahr Stages I-III were recruited from a community singing group for people with PD, their family and their carers...
September 1, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583249/the-impact-of-physical-activity-on-non-motor-symptoms-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Melanie E Cusso, Kenneth J Donald, Tien K Khoo
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurological disorder that is associated with both motor and non-motor symptoms (NMS). The management of PD is primarily via pharmaceutical treatment; however, non-pharmaceutical interventions have become increasingly recognized in the management of motor and NMS. In this review, the efficacy of physical activity, including physiotherapy and occupational therapy, as an intervention in NMS will be assessed. The papers were extracted between the 20th and 22nd of June 2016 from PubMed, Web of Science, Medline, Ovid, SportsDiscuss, and Scopus using the MeSH search terms "Parkinson's," "Parkinson," and "Parkinsonism" in conjunction with "exercise," "physical activity," "physiotherapy," "occupational therapy," "physical therapy," "rehabilitation," "dance," and "martial arts...
2016: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525184/screening-for-referral-by-a-sports-physical-therapist-reveals-an-effort-thrombosis-in-a-collegiate-pitcher-a-case-report
#12
William R VanWye, Jase Pinerola, Karen Craig Ogle, Harvey W Wallmann
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Screening for referral, regardless of setting, is the responsibility of all physical therapists. A serious condition that sports physical therapists may encounter is upper extremity (UE) deep venous thrombosis (DVT), which can result in the important and sometimes fatal complication of pulmonary embolism. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 22 year-old male right-hand dominant collegiate pitcher was referred for physical therapist evaluation and treatment secondary to acute right UE pain and swelling...
August 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516670/hyperhidrosis-in-iranian-traditional-medicine
#13
Aniseh Saffar Shahroodi, Leila Shirbeigi
BACKGROUND: Excessive sweating is a medical condition in which a person sweats much more than needed. The medical name of this disorder is hyperhidrosis known as a common dermal problem that affects people of all ages and leads to negative impact on the quality of life. During the last decades, several studies have shown that in many cases of hyperhidrosis there is no evidence of systemic disease. Therefore, most treatments are temporary and symptomatic therapy. According to Iranian traditional medicine (ITM), different approaches are mentioned for hyperhidrosis...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494304/the-effect-of-dual-tasking-on-foot-kinematics-in-people-with-functional-ankle-instability
#14
Sanam Tavakoli, Saeed Forghany, Christopher Nester
BACKGROUND: Some cases of repeated inversion ankle sprains are thought to have a neurological basis and are termed functional ankle instability (FAI). In addition to factors local to the ankle, such as loss of proprioception, cognitive demands have the ability to influence motor control and may increase the risk of repetitive lateral sprains. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of cognitive demand on foot kinematics in physically active people with functional ankle instability...
September 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473746/acute-headache-presentations-to-the-emergency-department-a-state-wide-cross-sectional-study
#15
Kevin H Chu, Tegwen E Howell, Gerben Keijzers, Jeremy S Furyk, Robert M Eley, Frances B Kinnear, Ogilvie Thom, Ibrahim Mahmoud, Anthony Ft Brown
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to describe demographic and clinical characteristics including features that were consistent with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), use of diagnostic tests, emergency department (ED) discharge diagnoses, and disposition of adult patients presenting with an acute headache to EDs state-wide across Queensland, Australia. In addition, potential variations in the presentation and diagnostic work up between principal referral and city-regional hospitals were examined...
July 30, 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467035/-psychotic-episode-due-to-hashimoto-s-thyroiditis
#16
M Nazou, E Parlapani, E-I Nazlidou, P Athanasis, V P Bozikas
Thyroid hormones are crucial in adult brain metabolic activity. As a result, abnormal thyroid gland function and in particular hypofunction, might cause principally depression and neurocognitive dysfunction. Psychosis, presented mainly with thought disorders and perceptual disturbances, is a much rarer manifestation of hypothyreoidism. A correlation between hypothyreoidism and psychosis has been described since 1888, especially in cases of advanced hypothyreoidism. A few years later (1949), Asher first added the terminology "myxedema madness" to the literature...
April 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429731/atypical-lateralization-of-motor-circuit-functional-connectivity-in-children-with-autism-is-associated-with-motor-deficits
#17
Dorothea L Floris, Anita D Barber, Mary Beth Nebel, Mary Martinelli, Meng-Chuan Lai, Deana Crocetti, Simon Baron-Cohen, John Suckling, James J Pekar, Stewart H Mostofsky
BACKGROUND: Atypical lateralization of language-related functions has been repeatedly found in individuals with autism spectrum conditions (ASC). Few studies have, however, investigated deviations from typically occurring asymmetry of other lateralized cognitive and behavioural domains. Motor deficits are among the earliest and most prominent symptoms in individuals with ASC and precede core social and communicative symptoms. METHODS: Here, we investigate whether motor circuit connectivity is (1) atypically lateralized in children with ASC and (2) whether this relates to core autistic symptoms and motor performance...
2016: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27416005/effects-of-supervised-slackline-training-on-postural-instability-freezing-of-gait-and-falls-efficacy-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#18
Luis Santos, Javier Fernandez-Rio, Kristian Winge, Beatriz Barragán-Pérez, Vicente Rodríguez-Pérez, Vicente González-Díez, Miguel Blanco-Traba, Oscar E Suman, Charles Philip Gabel, Javier Rodríguez-Gómez
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess whether supervised slackline training reduces the risk of falls in people with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: Twenty-two patients with idiopathic PD were randomized into experimental (EG, N = 11) and control (CG, N = 11) groups. Center of Pressure (CoP), Freezing of Gait (FOG), and Falls Efficacy Scale (FES) were assessed at pre-test, post-test and re-test. Rate perceived exertion (RPE, Borg's 6-20 scale) and local muscle perceived exertion (LRPE) were also assessed at the end of the training sessions...
July 14, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27412159/health-survey-of-adults-with-hereditary-spastic-paraparesis-compared-to-population-study-controls
#19
Krister W Fjermestad, Øivind J Kanavin, Eva E Næss, Lise B Hoxmark, Grete Hummelvoll
BACKGROUND: Hereditary spastic paraparesis (HSP) is a rare neurodegenerative condition characterized by slowly progressive spastic weakness of the lower limbs and urinary sphincter dysfunction. Complex HSP involves additional neurologic symptoms and signs like ataxia, extra pyramidal signs, polyneuropathy, and cognitive decline. Little is known about the disease burden for adults with HSP beyond the described core symptoms. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 108 adults aged 30 years and older (Mage = 57...
2016: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27335396/computational-dissection-of-dopamine-motor-and-motivational-functions-in-humans
#20
Raphaël Le Bouc, Lionel Rigoux, Liane Schmidt, Bertrand Degos, Marie-Laure Welter, Marie Vidailhet, Jean Daunizeau, Mathias Pessiglione
UNLABELLED: Motor dysfunction (e.g., bradykinesia) and motivational deficit (i.e., apathy) are hallmarks of Parkinson's disease (PD). Yet, it remains unclear whether these two symptoms arise from a same dopaminergic dysfunction. Here, we develop a computational model that articulates motor control to economic decision theory, to dissect the motor and motivational functions of dopamine in humans. This model can capture different aspects of the behavior: choice (which action is selected) and vigor (action speed and intensity)...
June 22, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
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