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Physical activity and neurological conditions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874920/the-manual-stimulation-of-acupuncture-points-in-the-treatment-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-review-of-clinical-emotional-freedom-techniques
#1
Dawson Church, David Feinstein
Background: The manual stimulation of acupuncture points has been combined with components of cognitive and exposure therapies into a clinical and self-help approach known as Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT). More than 40 clinical trials and four meta-analytic reviews of EFT treatments have demonstrated large effect sizes with a range of conditions, including pain, PTSD (in both civilian and military veteran populations), phobias, anxiety, and depression. Objective: This review describes the approach, with a focus on PTSD in veterans and service members, provides an overview of how EFT is most commonly applied, and outlines obstacles and cautions related to its implementation...
August 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866901/anxiety-and-psychosomatic-symptoms-in-palliative-care-from-neuro-psychobiological-response-to-stress-to-symptoms-management-with-clinical-hypnosis-and-meditative-states
#2
Anirudh Kumar Satsangi, Maria Paola Brugnoli
Psychosomatic disorder is a condition in which psychological stresses adversely affect physiological (somatic) functioning to the point of distress. It is a condition of dysfunction or structural damage in physical organs through inappropriate activation of the involuntary nervous system and the biochemical response. In this framework, this review will consider anxiety disorders, from the perspective of the psychobiological mechanisms of vulnerability to extreme stress in severe chronic illnesses. Psychosomatic medicine is a field of behavioral medicine and a part of the practice of consultation-liaison psychiatry...
August 9, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866625/autologous-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-for-neurological-diseases
#3
REVIEW
Joachim Burman, Andreas Tolf, Hans Hägglund, Håkan Askmark
Neuroinflammatory diseases such as multiple sclerosis, neuromyelitis optica, chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy and myasthenia gravis are leading causes of physical disability in people of working age. In the last decades significant therapeutic advances have been made that can ameliorate the disease course. Nevertheless, many affected will continue to deteriorate despite treatment, and the costs associated with disease-modifying drugs constitute a significant fiscal burden on healthcare in developed countries...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805186/improving-the-social-health-of-community-dwelling-older-people-living-with-dementia-through-a-reablement-program
#4
Yun-Hee Jeon, Lindy Clemson, Sharon L Naismith, Loren Mowszowski, Niki McDonagh, Margaret Mackenzie, Caitlin Dawes, Luisa Krein, Sarah L Szanton
Psychological, neurological, and social impairments caused by dementia may limit the person's everyday living and experiences, but their capacity to enjoy a meaningful life is still retained. Increasingly, evidence has been shown the importance of reablement approaches to care in maximizing the older person's independence, health, and well-being through increased engagement in their daily, physical, social, and community activities. However, there is a major knowledge gap in providing reablement for people living with dementia...
August 14, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792298/short-duration-high-intensity-bouts-of-physical-therapy-to-increase-self-efficacy-confidence-and-function-in-an-individual-with-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury-a-case-report
#5
Teresa Bisson, Craig J Newsam
High intensity and frequency of task-specific practice is required to produce functional change in individuals with neurologic conditions. Self-efficacy is an important predictor of engagement in physical activity in individuals with spinal cord injury. Combining these two rehabilitation concepts has the potential for lasting functional improvement. The purpose of this case report is to describe the management of a patient with incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI) using a model of concentrated bouts of physical therapy with an emphasis on techniques to increase self-efficacy...
August 9, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727592/nutrition-exercise-and-skin-integrity-among-frail-older-adults-in-taiwan
#6
Chia-Te Chen, Heng-Hsin Tung, Tao-Hsin Tung, Jong-Chyou Denq
OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to determine the correlation between nutrition status and skin integrity in the frail older adult population. DESIGN AND SETTING: Participants (N = 94) in this cross-sectional study were recruited through convenience sampling from the neurology and geriatrics outpatient department at a regional teaching hospital in Northern Taiwan. Study tools included a Basic Participant Profile Fill-in Sheet, which assesses demographic and exercise habit; the Comorbidity Index; Skin Integrity Evaluation Chart; Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form; and Taiwan International Physical Activity Questionnaire Form...
August 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705170/can-lokomat-therapy-with-children-and-adolescents-be-improved-an-adaptive-clinical-pilot-trial-comparing-guidance-force-path-control-and-freed
#7
Tabea Aurich-Schuler, Fabienne Grob, Hubertus J A van Hedel, Rob Labruyère
BACKGROUND: Robot-assisted gait therapy is increasingly being used in pediatric neurorehabilitation to complement conventional physical therapy. The robotic device applied in this study, the Lokomat (Hocoma AG, Switzerland), uses a position control mode (Guidance Force), where exact positions of the knee and hip joints throughout the gait cycle are stipulated. Such a mode has two disadvantages: Movement variability is restricted, and patients tend to walk passively. Kinematic variability and active participation, however, are crucial for motor learning...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683706/sarcopenia-what-should-a-pharmacist-know
#8
Alfonso J Cruz-Jentoft
Sarcopenia (or muscle insufficiency) is a geriatric syndrome characterized by a progressive and generalized loss of skeletal muscle mass and function which has adverse consequences, particularly physical disability, falls and death. It can develop slowly, as a chronic condition that emerges over many years, or acutely, generally due to immobilization associated with an acute disease. The physiopathology of sarcopenia is complex, and affects both the muscle and its neurological and hormonal regulation...
July 1, 2017: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681643/sexual-functioning-in-multiple-sclerosis-relationships-with-depression-fatigue-and-physical-function
#9
Carolyn A Young, Alan Tennant
BACKGROUND: Sexual dysfunction (SD) is common among people with multiple sclerosis, but there is limited information on its relationships. OBJECTIVE: This national study examines the relationships between sexual function with demographic factors, physical function, fatigue and depression. METHODS: Participants in the Trajectories of Outcomes in Neurological Conditions (TONiC) study completed the measures of fatigue, physical function and depression together with the Multiple Sclerosis Intimacy and Sexuality Questionnaire-15 (MSISQ-15), which covers sexual function (primary), symptoms that interfere with sexual function (secondary) and psychological issues (tertiary)...
November 1, 2016: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654475/virtual-reality-and-serious-games-in-neurorehabilitation-of-children-and-adults-prevention-plasticity-and-participation
#10
Judith E Deutsch, Sarah Westcott McCoy
Use of virtual reality (VR) and serious games (SGs) interventions within rehabilitation as motivating tools for task specific training for individuals with neurological conditions are fast-developing. Within this perspective paper we use the framework of the IV STEP conference to summarize the literature on VR and SG for children and adults by three topics: Prevention; Outcomes: Body-Function-Structure, Activity and Participation; and Plasticity. Overall the literature in this area offers support for use of VR and SGs to improve body functions and to some extent activity domain outcomes...
July 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646691/what-housing-features-should-inform-the-development-of-housing-solutions-for-adults-with-neurological-disability-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#11
REVIEW
Courtney J Wright, Heidi Zeeman, Elizabeth Kendall, Jennifer A Whitty
Despite the recent emphasis in Australian political, academic, and legislative narratives to more actively promote real housing choice for people with high healthcare and support needs, there is a lack of understanding regarding the specific housing features that might constitute better housing solutions for this population. Inclusive housing provision in Australia rightly emphasises safety and accessibility issues but often fails to incorporate factors related to broader psychosocial elements of housing such as dwelling location, neighbourhood quality, and overall design...
June 21, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628597/integrating-health-promotion-into-physical-therapy-practice-to-improve-brain-health-and-prevent-alzheimer-disease
#12
Ellen McGough, Neva Kirk-Sanchez, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Alzheimer disease is the most common cause of dementia, and brain pathology appears years before symptoms are evident. Primary prevention through health promotion can incorporate lifestyle improvement across the lifespan. Risk factor assessment and identifying markers of disease might also trigger preventive measures needed for high-risk individuals and groups. SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS: Many potential risk factors are modifiable through exercise, and may be responsive to early intervention strategies to reduce the downward slope toward disability...
July 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628591/movement-system-diagnosis
#13
Ann F Van Sant
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This article presents the concept of movement system diagnoses (MSDxs), including an examination of the evolution of the ideas that are shaping the development of MSDxs. SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS: Ideas leading to development of the need for MSDxs are traced, and an overview of Diagnosis Dialog and points of consensus are provided. Four examples from areas of neurologic and pediatric practice where additional work is needed on movement system diagnosis are highlighted...
July 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623186/assessment-of-active-video-gaming-using-adapted-controllers-by-individuals-with-physical-disabilities-a-protocol
#14
Laurie A Malone, Sangeetha Padalabalanarayanan, Justin McCroskey, Mohanraj Thirumalai
BACKGROUND: Individuals with disabilities are typically more sedentary and less fit compared to their peers without disabilities. Furthermore, engaging in physical activity can be extremely challenging due to physical impairments associated with disability and fewer opportunities to participate. One option for increasing physical activity is playing active video games (AVG), a category of video games that requires much more body movement for successful play than conventional push-button or joystick actions...
June 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611657/vestibular-adaptations-induced-by-gentle-physical-activity-are-reduced-among-older-women
#15
Julien Maitre, Thierry Paillard
The aim of this study was to compare the ability of older individuals to maintain an efficient upright stance in contexts of vestibular sensory manipulation, according to their physical activity status. Two groups of healthy older women (aged over 65) free from any disorders (i.e., neurological, motor and metabolic disorders) and vestibular disturbances, participated in this study. One group comprised participants who regularly practiced gentle physical activities, i.e., soft gym, aquarobic, active walking, ballroom dancing (active group, age: 73...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575763/are-physical-activity-levels-associated-with-better-health-outcomes-in-people-with-epilepsy
#16
César Augusto Häfele, Matheus Pintanel Freitas, Marcelo Cozzensa da Silva, Airton José Rombaldi
The aim of the study was to investigate the association of physical activity in three categories (inactive, insufficiently active and active) with health outcomes in people with epilepsy. The dependent variables and the instruments used in the study were: a) quality of life - measured by Quality of Life in Epilepsy-31 for adults and Quality of Life in Epilepsy for Adolescents, b) side effects of medication - measured by Adverse Events Profile, c) depression - measured by Neurological Disorders Depression Inventory for Epilepsy, and d) state and trait anxiety - measured by State-Trait Anxiety Inventory...
May 30, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571527/assessment-and-management-of-acute-spinal-cord-injury-from-point-of-injury-to-rehabilitation
#17
Laureen D Hachem, Christopher S Ahuja, Michael G Fehlings
CONTEXT: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating condition that can lead to significant neurological impairment and reduced quality of life. Despite advancements in our understanding of the pathophysiology and secondary injury mechanisms involved in SCI, there are currently very few effective treatments for this condition. The field, however, is rapidly changing as new treatments are developed and key discoveries are made. METHODS: In this review, we outline the pathophysiology, management, and long-term rehabilitation of individuals with traumatic SCI...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496410/clinical-applications-of-iso-inertial-eccentric-overload-yoyo%C3%A2-resistance-exercise
#18
REVIEW
Per A Tesch, Rodrigo Fernandez-Gonzalo, Tommy R Lundberg
In the quest for a viable non-gravity dependent method to "lift weights" in space, our laboratory introduced iso-inertial resistance (YoYo™) exercise using spinning flywheel(s), more than 25 years ago. After being thoroughly tested in individuals subjected to various established spaceflight analogs, a multi-mode YoYo™ exercise apparatus was eventually installed on the International Space Station in 2009. The method, applicable to any muscle group, provides accommodated resistance and optimal muscle loading through the full range of motion of concentric actions, and brief episodes of eccentric overload...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481965/polypharmacy-as-a-risk-factor-for-clinically-relevant-sarcopenia-results-from-the-berlin-aging-study-ii
#19
Maximilian König, Dominik Spira, Ilja Demuth, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Kristina Norman
Background: Sarcopenia affects more than 10% of older adults. Next to age-associated physiologic changes, diseases like diabetes or inflammatory, neurological, malignant and endocrine disorders may contribute to the development of sarcopenia. Likewise, polypharmacy, i.e., multiple drug use, is common among older adults. Although the two conditions frequently co-occur, the association of polypharmacy with sarcopenia has not yet been examined. We investigated the association of polypharmacy and sarcopenia in a large cohort of community-dwelling older adults (60-84 years)...
May 6, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477085/linking-of-the-quality-of-life-in-neurological-disorders-neuro-qol-to-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health
#20
Alex W K Wong, Stephen C L Lau, David Cella, Jin-Shei Lai, Guanli Xie, Lidian Chen, Chetwyn C H Chan, Allen W Heinemann
BACKGROUND: The quality of life in neurological disorders (Neuro-QoL) is a U.S. National Institutes of Health initiative that produced a set of self-report measures of physical, mental, and social health experienced by adults or children who have a neurological condition or disorder. OBJECTIVE: To describe the content of the Neuro-QoL at the item level using the World Health Organization's international classification of functioning, disability and health (ICF)...
May 5, 2017: Quality of Life Research
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