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Physical activity and neurological conditions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781732/role-of-positive-lifestyle-activities-on-mood-cognition-well-being-and-disease-characteristics-in-multiple-sclerosis
#1
Lauren B Strober, Alexandra Becker, John J Randolph
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurological condition associated with a wide variety of physical, cognitive, and mood-related symptoms. While disease-modifying treatment has been shown to reduce the severity and frequency of MS symptom relapses, engagement in certain daily activities holds promise as an adjunctive treatment to better manage disease sequelae. The present study sought to determine whether healthy nutritional choices, exercise, and social/intellectual engagement impacts functioning in individuals with MS...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780027/relationships-between-functional-fitness-and-cognitive-impairment-in-chinese-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Mei Yang, Yan Guo, Jie Gong, Mengyao Deng, Niannian Yang, Yaqiong Yan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between each functional fitness (FF) domain and cognitive impairment (CI) in Chinese community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: A community-based, cross-sectional study was conducted. SETTING: Participants were selected by multistage stratified random sampling in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, Central China, during December 2015-May 2016. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 2096 (1031 male and 1065 female) adults older than 65 years were included in our study...
May 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774619/different-types-of-multiple-synapse-boutons-in-the-cerebellar-cortex-between-physically-enriched-and-ataxic-mutant-mice
#3
Hyun-Wook Kim, Seunghak Oh, Seung Hwan Lee, Sanghoon Lee, Ji-Eun Na, Kea Joo Lee, Im Joo Rhyu
Experience-dependent synapse remodeling is associated with information storage in the nervous system. Neuronal synapses show alteration in various neurological and cognitive disorders in their structure and function. At the ultrastructural level, parallel fiber boutons contacting multiple spines of Purkinje cells in the cerebellar cortex are commonly observed in physiologically enriched animals as well as pathological ataxic mutants. However, the dendritic origin of those spines on parallel fiber multiple-synapse boutons (MSBs) has been poorly understood...
May 18, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696990/patient-and-therapist-experiences-of-using-affordable-feedback-based-technology-in-rehabilitation-a-qualitative-study-nested-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Caitlin Hamilton, Annie McCluskey, Leanne Hassett, Maggie Killington, Meryl Lovarini
OBJECTIVE: To explore how technologies are used and experienced in rehabilitation. DESIGN: A qualitative study using a grounded theory approach within a randomized controlled trial investigating the effectiveness of tailored, affordable technologies to improve mobility and physical activity. SETTINGS: Aged care and neurological rehabilitation wards with community follow-up. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty patients undergoing rehabilitation and randomized to the experimental arm of a trial (mean age 64 years (SD 23)) were recruited for interviews, plus 11 physiotherapists involved in technology prescription as part of the trial...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696239/effects-and-mechanism-of-the-hect-study-hybrid-exercise-cognitive-trainings-in-mild-ischemic-stroke-with-cognitive-decline-fmri-for-brain-plasticity-biomarker-and-behavioral-analysis
#5
Ting-Ting Yeh, Ku-Chou Chang, Ching-Yi Wu, Ya-Yun Lee, Po-Yu Chen, Jen-Wen Hung
Purpose: Cognitive decline after stroke is highly associated with functional disability. Empirical evidence shows that exercise combined cognitive training may induce neuroplastic changes that modulate cognitive function. However, it is unclear whether hybridized exercise-cognitive training can facilitate cortical activity and physiological outcome measures and further influence on the cognitive function after stroke. This study will investigate the effects of two hybridized exercise-cognitive trainings on brain plasticity, physiological biomarkers and behavioral outcomes in stroke survivors with cognitive decline...
March 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683810/evidence-of-the-homeostatic-regulation-with-the-combination-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-and-physical-activity
#6
Adriana Baltar, Fernanda Nogueira, Déborah Marques, Maíra Carneiro, Kátia Monte-Silva
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) can optimize beneficial effects induced by motor practice in patients with neurological disorders. However, possibly due to homeostatic regulation, the conditioning effects of tDCS are often imprecise and variable, limiting its therapeutic application. OBJECTIVE: to explore the magnitude and direction of the after-effects induced by physical activity (PA) on tDCS-preconditioned cortical excitability (CE). DESIGN: First, a crossover experiment was performed with 12 subjects to determine whether a single session of low-, moderate- and high-intensity PA on a treadmill modulates the motor cortical excitability measured by transcranial magnetic stimulation...
April 20, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674633/mechanisms-of-tactile-sensory-deterioration-amongst-the-elderly
#7
Lisa Skedung, Charles El Rawadi, Martin Arvidsson, Céline Farcet, Gustavo S Luengo, Lionel Breton, Mark W Rutland
It is known that roughness-smoothness, hardness-softness, stickiness-slipperiness and warm-cold are predominant perceptual dimensions in macro-, micro- and nano- texture perception. However, it is not clear to what extent active tactile texture discrimination remains intact with age. The general decrease in tactile ability induces physical and emotional dysfunction in elderly, and has increasing significance for an aging population. We report a method to quantify tactile acuity based on blinded active exploration of systematically varying micro-textured surfaces and a same-different paradigm...
April 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673398/assessment-of-orthotic-needs-in-iranian-veterans-with-ankle-and-foot-disorders
#8
Kamiar Ghoseiri, Mostafa Allami, Mohammad Reza Soroush
BACKGROUND: War-related traumas can lead to orthopedic and neurological disorders in victims. However, the scope of such disorders may expand months or even years after the trauma. Orthotic treatment as a rehabilitation process aims to enable people with disabilities to reach and maintain their optimal physical, sensory, intellectual, psychological, and social functional levels. This study aimed to investigate the rate of using orthoses among Iranian veterans with neuromuscular and skeletal disorders of the ankle and foot...
April 20, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587891/morbidity-mortality-and-long-term-sequelae-of-west-nile-virus-disease-in-qu%C3%A3-bec
#9
N Ouhoumanne, A-M Lowe, A Fortin, D Kairy, A Vibien, J K-Lensch, T-N Tannenbaum, F Milord
We aimed to describe the clinical characteristics of West Nile patients reported in Québec in 2012 and 2013 and to document physical, mental and functional status 24 months after symptom onset according to illness severity. The cases were recruited by a public health professional. Data were collected from public health files, medical records and two standardised phone questionnaires: the Short Form-36 and the Instrumental Activities of Daily Living. In all, 92 persons participated in the study (25 had West Nile fever (WNF), 18 had meningitis and 49 had encephalitis)...
March 28, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534737/variables-influencing-wearable-sensor-outcome-estimates-in-individuals-with-stroke-and-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury-a-pilot-investigation-validating-two-research-grade-sensors
#10
Chandrasekaran Jayaraman, Chaithanya Krishna Mummidisetty, Alannah Mannix-Slobig, Lori McGee Koch, Arun Jayaraman
BACKGROUND: Monitoring physical activity and leveraging wearable sensor technologies to facilitate active living in individuals with neurological impairment has been shown to yield benefits in terms of health and quality of living. In this context, accurate measurement of physical activity estimates from these sensors are vital. However, wearable sensor manufacturers generally only provide standard proprietary algorithms based off of healthy individuals to estimate physical activity metrics which may lead to inaccurate estimates in population with neurological impairment like stroke and incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI)...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532753/neurotrophic-factors-in-parkinson-s-disease-what-have-we-learned-from-pre-clinical-and-clinical-studies
#11
Rodrigo Novaes Ferreira, Aline Silva de Miranda, Natalia Pessoa Rocha, Ana Cristina Simoes E Silva, Antonio Lucio Teixeira, Elizabeth Ribeiro da Silva Camargos
BACKGROUND: Parkinson´s Disease (PD) is a chronic, progressive condition, being the second most common neurodegenerative disorder worldwide. The classical features include: bradykinesia, resting tremor, rigidity and festination. These neurological alterations are probably due to the death of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta and consequent reduction of dopamine input into the striatum. The decrease of dopamine levels may also be involved in the emergence of non-motor symptoms, including cognitive impairment, anxiety and depression symptoms...
March 12, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523389/postural-tachycardia-syndrome-diagnosis-physiology-and-prognosis
#12
REVIEW
Amy C Arnold, Jessica Ng, Satish R Raj
Postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is a heterogeneous clinical syndrome that has gained increasing interest over the past few decades due to its increasing prevalence and clinical impact on health-related quality of life. POTS is clinically characterized by sustained excessive tachycardia upon standing that occurs in the absence of significant orthostatic hypotension and other medical conditions and or medications, and with chronic symptoms of orthostatic intolerance. POTS represents one of the most common presentations of syncope and presyncope secondary to autonomic dysfunction in emergency rooms and in cardiology, neurology, and primary care clinics...
February 28, 2018: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499064/dimensions-and-predictors-of-disability-a-baseline-study-of-patients-entering-somatic-rehabilitation-in-secondary-care
#13
Vegard Pihl Moen, Jorunn Drageset, Geir Egil Eide, Sturla Gjesdal
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate disability among patients who were accepted for admission to a Norwegian rehabilitation center and to identify predictors of disability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional study including 967 adult participants, the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule version 2.0 36-item version was used for assessing overall and domain-specific disability as outcome variables. Patients completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), EuroQoL EQ-5D-5L and questions about multi-morbidity, smoking and perceived physical fitness...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484351/assessment-of-physical-activity-of-hospitalised-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#14
S E R Lim, K Ibrahim, A A Sayer, H C Roberts
BACKGROUND: The assessment of physical activity levels of hospitalised older people requires accurate and reliable measures. Physical activities that older people in hospital commonly engage in include exercises and walking. Measurement of physical activity levels of older inpatients is essential to evaluate the impact of interventions to improve physical activity levels and to determine associations between physical activity in hospital and other health-related outcome measures. OBJECTIVE: To determine which measures are used to measure physical activity of older people in hospital, and to describe their properties and applications...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475243/the-impact-of-general-medical-conditions-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#15
Andrea Aguglia, Maria Salvina Signorelli, Umberto Albert, Giuseppe Maina
OBJECTIVE: The co-occurrence of general medical conditions (GMCs) and major psychiatric disorders is well documented. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of GMCs in patients with a primary diagnosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and, secondly, to investigate which clinical variables are associated with the presence of a GMC. METHODS: Subjects with a primary diagnosis of OCD were included. Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics were collected...
March 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454326/predictors-of-activity-and-participation-across-neurodegenerative-conditions-a-comparison-of-people-with-motor-neurone-disease-multiple-sclerosis-and-parkinson-s-disease
#16
David Morley, Sarah Dummett, Laura Kelly, Ray Fitzpatrick, Crispin Jenkinson
BACKGROUND: Comparisons between neurological conditions have the potential to inform service providers by identifying particular areas of difficulty experienced by affected individuals. This study aimed to identify predictors of activity and participation in people with motor neurone disease (MND), people with multiple sclerosis (MS) and people with Parkinson's Disease (PD). METHODS: The Oxford Participation and Activities Questionnaire (Ox-PAQ) and Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Survey (MOS SF-36) were administered by postal survey to 386 people with a confirmed diagnosis of MND, MS or PD...
February 17, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367407/an-interaction-between-serotonin-receptor-signaling-and-dopamine-enhances-goal-directed-vigor-and-persistence-in-mice
#17
Matthew R Bailey, Olivia Goldman, Estefanía P Bello, Muhammad O Chohan, Nuri Jeong, Vanessa Winiger, Eileen Chun, Elke Schipani, Abigail Kalmbach, Joseph F Cheer, Peter D Balsam, Eleanor H Simpson
The functionally selective 5-HT2C receptor ligand SB242084 can increase motivation and have rapid onset anti-depressant-like effects. We sought to identify the specific behavioral effects of SB242084 treatment and elucidate the mechanism in female and male mice. Using a quantitative behavioral approach, we determined that SB242084 increases the vigor and persistence of goal-directed activity across different types of physical work, particularly when work requirements are demanding. We found this influence of SB242084 on effort, rather than reward to be reflected in striatal DA measured during behavior...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351671/a-novel-non-invasive-method-for-evaluating-electroencephalograms-on-laying-hens
#18
Krista N Eberle, Michael P Martin, Sanjay Shah, Ramon D Malheiros, Kimberly A Livingston, Kenneth E Anderson
The use of electroencephalograms (EEG) to study the avian brain relative to behavior was conducted as early as the 1960's. EEG readings, combined with visual cues, provide the ability to elucidate and correlate behaviors to neurological and physiological changes in a chicken. The use of EEG recordings in animal models require access to the brain to implant electrodes. Having the ability to observe EEG activity on sensible birds without surgical implantation could broaden the research in this area and give further insight related to the hen's state of awareness...
March 1, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251260/clinical-profile-of-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-across-the-continuum-of-care
#19
Luke A Turcotte, Ruth Ann Marrie, Scott B Patten, John P Hirdes
BACKGROUND: This study is part of the Innovations in Data, Evidence and Applications for Persons with Neurological Conditions project to understand the strengths, preferences, and needs of persons with neurological conditions living in Canada. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and describe the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of persons with multiple sclerosis in Canadian home care, nursing home, Complex Continuing Care hospitals, and inpatient mental health care settings...
March 2018: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196279/using-mhealth-technology-in-a-self-management-intervention-to-promote-physical-activity-among-adults-with-chronic-disabling-conditions-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Matthew Plow, Meghan Golding
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is considered a comprehensive approach for managing limitations in physical function among adults with chronic disabling conditions. However, adults with chronic disabling conditions often face many barriers to engaging in physical activity. A strategy to promote physical activity among adults with chronic disabling conditions is to encourage the use of mobile health (mHealth) apps. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this pilot study was to examine the potential benefits of using commercially available mHealth apps in a self-management intervention among 46 adults with musculoskeletal or neurological conditions...
December 1, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
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