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Physical activity and neurological conditions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496410/clinical-applications-of-iso-inertial-eccentric-overload-yoyo%C3%A2-resistance-exercise
#1
REVIEW
Per A Tesch, Rodrigo Fernandez-Gonzalo, Tommy R Lundberg
In the quest for a viable non-gravity dependent method to "lift weights" in space, our laboratory introduced iso-inertial resistance (YoYo™) exercise using spinning flywheel(s), more than 25 years ago. After being thoroughly tested in individuals subjected to various established spaceflight analogs, a multi-mode YoYo™ exercise apparatus was eventually installed on the International Space Station in 2009. The method, applicable to any muscle group, provides accommodated resistance and optimal muscle loading through the full range of motion of concentric actions, and brief episodes of eccentric overload...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481965/polypharmacy-as-a-risk-factor-for-clinically-relevant-sarcopenia-results-from-the-berlin-aging-study-ii
#2
Maximilian König, Dominik Spira, Ilja Demuth, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Kristina Norman
Background: Sarcopenia affects more than 10% of older adults. Next to age-associated physiologic changes, diseases like diabetes or inflammatory, neurological, malignant and endocrine disorders may contribute to the development of sarcopenia. Likewise, polypharmacy, i.e., multiple drug use, is common among older adults. Although the two conditions frequently co-occur, the association of polypharmacy with sarcopenia has not yet been examined. We investigated the association of polypharmacy and sarcopenia in a large cohort of community-dwelling older adults (60-84 years)...
May 6, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477085/linking-of-the-quality-of-life-in-neurological-disorders-neuro-qol-to-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health
#3
Alex W K Wong, Stephen C L Lau, David Cella, Jin-Shei Lai, Guanli Xie, Lidian Chen, Chetwyn C H Chan, Allen W Heinemann
BACKGROUND: The quality of life in neurological disorders (Neuro-QoL) is a U.S. National Institutes of Health initiative that produced a set of self-report measures of physical, mental, and social health experienced by adults or children who have a neurological condition or disorder. OBJECTIVE: To describe the content of the Neuro-QoL at the item level using the World Health Organization's international classification of functioning, disability and health (ICF)...
May 5, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458069/postnatal-development-and-behavior-effects-of-in-utero-exposure-of-rats-to-radiofrequency-waves-emitted-from-conventional-wifi-devices
#4
Haifa Othman, Mohamed Ammari, Kaïs Rtibi, Noura Bensaid, Mohsen Sakly, Hafedh Abdelmelek
The present work investigated the effects of prenatal exposure to radiofrequency waves of conventional WiFi devices on postnatal development and behavior of rat offspring. Ten Wistar albino pregnant rats were randomly assigned to two groups (n=5). The experimental group was exposed to a 2.45GHz WiFi signal for 2h a day throughout gestation period. Control females were subjected to the same conditions as treated group without applying WiFi radiations. After delivery, the offspring was tested for physical and neurodevelopment during its 17 postnatal days (PND), then for anxiety (PND 28) and motricity (PND 40-43), as well as for cerebral oxidative stress response and cholinesterase activity in brain and serum (PND 28 and 43)...
April 22, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337132/habituation-training-improves-locomotor-performance-in-a-forced-running-wheel-system-in-rats
#5
Angel Toval, Raúl Baños, Ernesto De la Cruz, Nicanor Morales-Delgado, Jesús G Pallarés, Abdelmalik Ayad, Kuei Y Tseng, Jose L Ferran
Increasing evidence supports that physical activity promotes mental health; and regular exercise may confer positive effects in neurological disorders. There is growing number of reports that requires the analysis of the impact of physical activity in animal models. Exercise in rodents can be performed under voluntary or forced conditions. The former presents the disadvantage that the volume and intensity of exercise varies from subject to subject. On the other hand, a major challenge of the forced training protocol is the low level of performance typically achieved within a given session...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250997/oral-health-characteristics-and-dental-rehabilitation-of-children-with-global-developmental-delay
#6
Saurabh Kumar, Deepika Pai, Runki Saran
Global developmental delay (GDD) is a chronic neurological disturbance which includes defects in one or more developmental domains. The developmental domain can be motor, cognitive, daily activities, speech or language, and social or personal development. The etiology for GDD can be prenatal, perinatal, or postnatal. It can be diagnosed early in childhood as the delay or absence of one or more developmental milestones. Hence the role of pedodontist and pediatricians becomes more crucial in identifying this condition...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239781/validation-of-the-promis-%C3%A2-measures-of-self-efficacy-for-managing-chronic-conditions
#7
Ann L Gruber-Baldini, Craig Velozo, Sergio Romero, Lisa M Shulman
PURPOSE: The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System(®) (PROMIS(®)) was designed to develop, validate, and standardize item banks to measure key domains of physical, mental, and social health in chronic conditions. This paper reports the calibration and validation testing of the PROMIS Self-Efficacy for Managing Chronic Conditions measures. METHODS: PROMIS Self-Efficacy for Managing Chronic Conditions item banks comprise five domains, Self-Efficacy for Managing: Daily Activities, Symptoms, Medications and Treatments, Emotions, and Social Interactions...
February 26, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222766/increased-cortical-lesion-load-and-intrathecal-inflammation-is-associated-with-oligoclonal-bands-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-a-combined-csf-and-mri-study
#8
Gabriele Farina, Roberta Magliozzi, Marco Pitteri, Richard Reynolds, Stefania Rossi, Alberto Gajofatto, Maria Donata Benedetti, Francesco Facchiano, Salvatore Monaco, Massimiliano Calabrese
BACKGROUND: Although IgG oligoclonal bands (OCBs) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are a frequent phenomenon in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, their relationship with grey matter lesions, intrathecal/meningeal inflammation and clinical evolution has not been clarified yet. The aim of our study was to assess the relationship between the OCBs, the inflammatory/neurodegenerative CSF profile at diagnosis, the cortical lesion load and the clinical evolution after 10 years. METHODS: This is a 10-year observational, cross-sectional study based on a combined MRI, cognitive and CSF profiling of the examined patients...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182652/nakalanga-syndrome-clinical-characteristics-potential-causes-and-its-relationship-with-recently-described-nodding-syndrome
#9
REVIEW
Kathrin Föger, Gina Gora-Stahlberg, James Sejvar, Emilio Ovuga, Louise Jilek-Aall, Erich Schmutzhard, Christoph Kaiser, Andrea S Winkler
Nakalanga syndrome is a condition that was described in Uganda and various other African countries decades ago. Its features include growth retardation, physical deformities, endocrine dysfunction, mental impairment, and epilepsy, amongst others. Its cause remains obscure. Nodding syndrome is a neurological disorder with some features in common with Nakalanga syndrome, which has been described mainly in Uganda, South Sudan, and Tanzania. It has been considered an encephalopathy affecting children who, besides head nodding attacks, can also present with stunted growth, delayed puberty, and mental impairment, amongst other symptoms...
February 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169449/a-questionnaire-survey-to-assess-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke
#10
Minoru Miyazato, Takeshi Tana, Akira Higa, Kiyoshi Wakugami, Takashi Tokashiki, Hirokuni Sakima, Aiwa Maehara, Asuka Ashikari, Takuma Oshiro, Yusuke Ohya, Seiichi Saito
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we evaluated the prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms and the associated clinical features in patients with chronic stroke. METHODS: Patients with stroke who had been regularly followed up at general medical hospitals in Okinawa, Japan were enrolled in the study. The patients were asked to complete a self-reported questionnaire regarding their physical activity, medical history, and the core lower urinary tract symptom score (CLSS) questionnaire, with anonymity...
February 7, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069460/epilepsy-and-exercise-an-experimental-study-in-female-rats
#11
Diego Vannucci Campos, Glauber Menezes Lopim, Daiana Aparecida da Silva, Alexandre Aparecido de Almeida, Debora Amado, Ricardo Mario Arida
OBJECTIVE: Epilepsy is the most common neurological chronic condition worldwide, affecting about 2% of world population. Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) reaches 40% of all cases of this condition, and it is highly refractory to pharmacological treatment. Physical activity has been suggested as complementary therapy for epilepsy. However, there is no consistent information whether all these effects are plenty applicable to females, since clinical and experimental studies concerning physical exercise and epilepsy are largely performed in males...
January 6, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010677/cochlear-implantation-in-chronic-demyelinating-inflammatory-polyneuropathy
#12
Sarah E Mowry, Sarah King
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CDIP) with bilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss who subsequently benefited from unilateral cochlear implantation. METHODS: case history review and review of the literature for the terms CDIP, hearing loss, cochleovestibular dysfunction, and cochlear implantation. RESULTS: A 49-year-old woman presented with bilateral rapidly progressive sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) 1 month after an upper respiratory tract infection...
March 2017: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007363/an-emergency-medicine-focused-review-of-seizure-mimics
#13
James Webb, Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
BACKGROUND: Seizures result in a change in motor, sensory, and behavioral symptoms caused by abnormal neurologic electrical activity. The symptoms share similar presentations of several other conditions, leading to difficulties in diagnosis and frequent improper management. OBJECTIVE: This review evaluates adult patients with suspected seizure, signs and symptoms of seizure, mimics of seizure, and an approach to management of seizure mimics. DISCUSSION: A seizure is caused by abnormal neurologic electrical activity resulting in altered motor, sensory, and behavioral symptoms...
May 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964735/strength-in-numbers-patient-experiences-of-group-exercise-within-hospice-palliative-care
#14
Lorna Malcolm, Gill Mein, Alison Jones, Helena Talbot-Rice, Matthew Maddocks, Katherine Bristowe
BACKGROUND: Exercise is increasingly recognized as a core component of palliative rehabilitation. The group exercise model is often adopted as a means of reaching more patients with limited resource. Despite the growth of quantitative research examining this area of practice, few qualitative studies have looked at the patient experience of participating in group exercise in a palliative setting, and most exclude patients with a non-cancer diagnosis. METHODS: The aim of this study was to explore patients' experiences of participating in group exercise classes in a hospice setting...
December 13, 2016: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925608/active-music-therapy-and-physical-improvements-from-rehabilitation-for-neurological-conditions
#15
REVIEW
Demian Leandro Kogutek, Jeffrey David Holmes, Jessica Adrienne Grahn, Sara G Lutz, Emily Ready
Context • A variety of rehabilitation-based interventions are currently available for individuals with physical impairments resulting from neurological conditions, including physiotherapy, occupational therapy, and speech language pathology. Many individuals find participation in those therapies to be challenging. Alternative therapies have emerged as beneficial adjunctive treatments for individuals undergoing neurological rehabilitation, including music therapy (MT). Objective • The study intended to identify and collate systematically the evidence on MT interventions that address physical improvements in a rehabilitative setting...
October 2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884595/melatonin-protection-against-age-related-cardiac-pathology
#16
REVIEW
Gaia Favero, Lorenzo Franceschetti, Barbara Buffoli, Mohammed H Moghadasian, Russel J Reiter, Luigi F Rodella, Rita Rezzani
Aging is a complex and progressive process that involves physiological and metabolic deterioration in every organ and system. Cardiovascular diseases are one of the most common causes of mortality and morbidity among elderly subjects worldwide. Most age-related cardiovascular disorders can be influenced by modifiable behaviours such as a healthy diet rich in fruit and vegetables, avoidance of smoking, increased physical activity and reduced stress. The role of diet in prevention of various disorders is a well-established factor, which has an even more important role in the geriatric population...
May 2017: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824285/increased-central-arterial-stiffness-after-spinal-cord-injury-contributing-factors-implications-and-possible-interventions
#17
Amanda H X Lee, Aaron A Phillips, Andrei V Krassioukov
Individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) experience life-threatening cardiovascular events and various autonomic consequences in addition to the well-appreciated motor and neurological impairments. As a result, cardiovascular disease is a major cause of death after SCI, corresponding to a two-to-fourfold increased risk of cardiovascular events. A combination of neuroanatomical changes, unstable blood pressure, and rapid deconditioning as a result of decreased physical activity likely contributes to accelerated cardiovascular disease progression after SCI...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779958/aeromedical-evaluation-for-an-f-16-candidate-with-incomplete-paraplegia
#18
Monica Chahal-Kummen, Trond-Eirik Strand, Jan Ove Owe, Eigil Gulliksen, Anthony S Wagstaff
BACKGROUND: A candidate with paraplegia contacted the Institute of Aviation Medicine, Oslo, requesting a medical examination and medical certification for flying back seat on an F-16 Fighting Falcon. Thorough aeromedical examinations, including specialist evaluations, were initiated for the final decision to be made. CASE REPORT: Almost 13 yr earlier the candidate had acquired spinal cord damage at neurological level L1 after falling 4 m (13 ft) from out of a window...
2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778158/neurorehabilitation-applied-neuroplasticity
#19
REVIEW
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Mary P Galea, Roman Gonzenbach, Jürg Kesselring
The prevalence of disability due to neurological conditions is escalating worldwide. Neurological disorders have significant disability-burden with long-term functional and psychosocial issues, requiring specialized rehabilitation services for comprehensive management, especially treatments tapping into brain recovery 'neuroplastic' processes. Neurorehabilitation is interdisciplinary and cross-sectorial, requiring coordinated effort of diverse sectors, professions, patients and community to manage complex condition-related disability...
March 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733079/a-randomised-control-trial-of-walking-to-ameliorate-brain-injury-fatigue-a-nidrr-tbi-model-system-centre-based-study
#20
Stephanie A Kolakowsky-Hayner, Kimberly Bellon, Ketra Toda, Tamara Bushnik, Jerry Wright, Linda Isaac, Jeffrey Englander
Fatigue is one of the most commonly reported sequelae after traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study evaluated the impact of a graduated physical activity programme on fatigue after TBI. Using a prospective randomised single-blind crossover design, 123 individuals with TBI, over the age of 18, were enrolled. Interventions included a home-based walking programme utilising a pedometer to track daily number of steps at increasing increments accompanied by tapered coaching calls over a 12-week period. Nutritional counselling with the same schedule of coaching calls served as the control condition...
October 13, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
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