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Physical activity and neurological conditions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646691/what-housing-features-should-inform-the-development-of-housing-solutions-for-adults-with-neurological-disability-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
Courtney J Wright, Heidi Zeeman, Elizabeth Kendall, Jennifer A Whitty
Despite the recent emphasis in Australian political, academic, and legislative narratives to more actively promote real housing choice for people with high healthcare and support needs, there is a lack of understanding regarding the specific housing features that might constitute better housing solutions for this population. Inclusive housing provision in Australia rightly emphasises safety and accessibility issues but often fails to incorporate factors related to broader psychosocial elements of housing such as dwelling location, neighbourhood quality, and overall design...
June 21, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628597/integrating-health-promotion-into-physical-therapy-practice-to-improve-brain-health-and-prevent-alzheimer-disease
#2
Ellen McGough, Neva Kirk-Sanchez, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Alzheimer disease is the most common cause of dementia, and brain pathology appears years before symptoms are evident. Primary prevention through health promotion can incorporate lifestyle improvement across the lifespan. Risk factor assessment and identifying markers of disease might also trigger preventive measures needed for high-risk individuals and groups. SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS: Many potential risk factors are modifiable through exercise, and may be responsive to early intervention strategies to reduce the downward slope toward disability...
July 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628591/movement-system-diagnosis
#3
Ann F Van Sant
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This article presents the concept of movement system diagnoses (MSDxs), including an examination of the evolution of the ideas that are shaping the development of MSDxs. SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS: Ideas leading to development of the need for MSDxs are traced, and an overview of Diagnosis Dialog and points of consensus are provided. Four examples from areas of neurologic and pediatric practice where additional work is needed on movement system diagnosis are highlighted...
July 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623186/assessment-of-active-video-gaming-using-adapted-controllers-by-individuals-with-physical-disabilities-a-protocol
#4
Laurie A Malone, Sangeetha Padalabalanarayanan, Justin McCroskey, Mohanraj Thirumalai
BACKGROUND: Individuals with disabilities are typically more sedentary and less fit compared to their peers without disabilities. Furthermore, engaging in physical activity can be extremely challenging due to physical impairments associated with disability and fewer opportunities to participate. One option for increasing physical activity is playing active video games (AVG), a category of video games that requires much more body movement for successful play than conventional push-button or joystick actions...
June 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611657/vestibular-adaptations-induced-by-gentle-physical-activity-are-reduced-among-older-women
#5
Julien Maitre, Thierry Paillard
The aim of this study was to compare the ability of older individuals to maintain an efficient upright stance in contexts of vestibular sensory manipulation, according to their physical activity status. Two groups of healthy older women (aged over 65) free from any disorders (i.e., neurological, motor and metabolic disorders) and vestibular disturbances, participated in this study. One group comprised participants who regularly practiced gentle physical activities, i.e., soft gym, aquarobic, active walking, ballroom dancing (active group, age: 73...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575763/are-physical-activity-levels-associated-with-better-health-outcomes-in-people-with-epilepsy
#6
César Augusto Häfele, Matheus Pintanel Freitas, Marcelo Cozzensa da Silva, Airton José Rombaldi
The aim of the study was to investigate the association of physical activity in three categories (inactive, insufficiently active and active) with health outcomes in people with epilepsy. The dependent variables and the instruments used in the study were: a) quality of life - measured by Quality of Life in Epilepsy-31 for adults and Quality of Life in Epilepsy for Adolescents, b) side effects of medication - measured by Adverse Events Profile, c) depression - measured by Neurological Disorders Depression Inventory for Epilepsy, and d) state and trait anxiety - measured by State-Trait Anxiety Inventory...
May 30, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571527/assessment-and-management-of-acute-spinal-cord-injury-from-point-of-injury-to-rehabilitation
#7
Laureen D Hachem, Christopher S Ahuja, Michael G Fehlings
CONTEXT: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating condition that can lead to significant neurological impairment and reduced quality of life. Despite advancements in our understanding of the pathophysiology and secondary injury mechanisms involved in SCI, there are currently very few effective treatments for this condition. The field, however, is rapidly changing as new treatments are developed and key discoveries are made. METHODS: In this review, we outline the pathophysiology, management, and long-term rehabilitation of individuals with traumatic SCI...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496410/clinical-applications-of-iso-inertial-eccentric-overload-yoyo%C3%A2-resistance-exercise
#8
REVIEW
Per A Tesch, Rodrigo Fernandez-Gonzalo, Tommy R Lundberg
In the quest for a viable non-gravity dependent method to "lift weights" in space, our laboratory introduced iso-inertial resistance (YoYo™) exercise using spinning flywheel(s), more than 25 years ago. After being thoroughly tested in individuals subjected to various established spaceflight analogs, a multi-mode YoYo™ exercise apparatus was eventually installed on the International Space Station in 2009. The method, applicable to any muscle group, provides accommodated resistance and optimal muscle loading through the full range of motion of concentric actions, and brief episodes of eccentric overload...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481965/polypharmacy-as-a-risk-factor-for-clinically-relevant-sarcopenia-results-from-the-berlin-aging-study-ii
#9
Maximilian König, Dominik Spira, Ilja Demuth, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Kristina Norman
Background: Sarcopenia affects more than 10% of older adults. Next to age-associated physiologic changes, diseases like diabetes or inflammatory, neurological, malignant and endocrine disorders may contribute to the development of sarcopenia. Likewise, polypharmacy, i.e., multiple drug use, is common among older adults. Although the two conditions frequently co-occur, the association of polypharmacy with sarcopenia has not yet been examined. We investigated the association of polypharmacy and sarcopenia in a large cohort of community-dwelling older adults (60-84 years)...
May 6, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477085/linking-of-the-quality-of-life-in-neurological-disorders-neuro-qol-to-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health
#10
Alex W K Wong, Stephen C L Lau, David Cella, Jin-Shei Lai, Guanli Xie, Lidian Chen, Chetwyn C H Chan, Allen W Heinemann
BACKGROUND: The quality of life in neurological disorders (Neuro-QoL) is a U.S. National Institutes of Health initiative that produced a set of self-report measures of physical, mental, and social health experienced by adults or children who have a neurological condition or disorder. OBJECTIVE: To describe the content of the Neuro-QoL at the item level using the World Health Organization's international classification of functioning, disability and health (ICF)...
May 5, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458069/postnatal-development-and-behavior-effects-of-in-utero-exposure-of-rats-to-radiofrequency-waves-emitted-from-conventional-wifi-devices
#11
Haifa Othman, Mohamed Ammari, Kaïs Rtibi, Noura Bensaid, Mohsen Sakly, Hafedh Abdelmelek
The present work investigated the effects of prenatal exposure to radiofrequency waves of conventional WiFi devices on postnatal development and behavior of rat offspring. Ten Wistar albino pregnant rats were randomly assigned to two groups (n=5). The experimental group was exposed to a 2.45GHz WiFi signal for 2h a day throughout gestation period. Control females were subjected to the same conditions as treated group without applying WiFi radiations. After delivery, the offspring was tested for physical and neurodevelopment during its 17 postnatal days (PND), then for anxiety (PND 28) and motricity (PND 40-43), as well as for cerebral oxidative stress response and cholinesterase activity in brain and serum (PND 28 and 43)...
April 22, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337132/habituation-training-improves-locomotor-performance-in-a-forced-running-wheel-system-in-rats
#12
Angel Toval, Raúl Baños, Ernesto De la Cruz, Nicanor Morales-Delgado, Jesús G Pallarés, Abdelmalik Ayad, Kuei Y Tseng, Jose L Ferran
Increasing evidence supports that physical activity promotes mental health; and regular exercise may confer positive effects in neurological disorders. There is growing number of reports that requires the analysis of the impact of physical activity in animal models. Exercise in rodents can be performed under voluntary or forced conditions. The former presents the disadvantage that the volume and intensity of exercise varies from subject to subject. On the other hand, a major challenge of the forced training protocol is the low level of performance typically achieved within a given session...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250997/oral-health-characteristics-and-dental-rehabilitation-of-children-with-global-developmental-delay
#13
Saurabh Kumar, Deepika Pai, Runki Saran
Global developmental delay (GDD) is a chronic neurological disturbance which includes defects in one or more developmental domains. The developmental domain can be motor, cognitive, daily activities, speech or language, and social or personal development. The etiology for GDD can be prenatal, perinatal, or postnatal. It can be diagnosed early in childhood as the delay or absence of one or more developmental milestones. Hence the role of pedodontist and pediatricians becomes more crucial in identifying this condition...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239781/validation-of-the-promis-%C3%A2-measures-of-self-efficacy-for-managing-chronic-conditions
#14
Ann L Gruber-Baldini, Craig Velozo, Sergio Romero, Lisa M Shulman
PURPOSE: The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System(®) (PROMIS(®)) was designed to develop, validate, and standardize item banks to measure key domains of physical, mental, and social health in chronic conditions. This paper reports the calibration and validation testing of the PROMIS Self-Efficacy for Managing Chronic Conditions measures. METHODS: PROMIS Self-Efficacy for Managing Chronic Conditions item banks comprise five domains, Self-Efficacy for Managing: Daily Activities, Symptoms, Medications and Treatments, Emotions, and Social Interactions...
July 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222766/increased-cortical-lesion-load-and-intrathecal-inflammation-is-associated-with-oligoclonal-bands-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-a-combined-csf-and-mri-study
#15
Gabriele Farina, Roberta Magliozzi, Marco Pitteri, Richard Reynolds, Stefania Rossi, Alberto Gajofatto, Maria Donata Benedetti, Francesco Facchiano, Salvatore Monaco, Massimiliano Calabrese
BACKGROUND: Although IgG oligoclonal bands (OCBs) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are a frequent phenomenon in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, their relationship with grey matter lesions, intrathecal/meningeal inflammation and clinical evolution has not been clarified yet. The aim of our study was to assess the relationship between the OCBs, the inflammatory/neurodegenerative CSF profile at diagnosis, the cortical lesion load and the clinical evolution after 10 years. METHODS: This is a 10-year observational, cross-sectional study based on a combined MRI, cognitive and CSF profiling of the examined patients...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182652/nakalanga-syndrome-clinical-characteristics-potential-causes-and-its-relationship-with-recently-described-nodding-syndrome
#16
REVIEW
Kathrin Föger, Gina Gora-Stahlberg, James Sejvar, Emilio Ovuga, Louise Jilek-Aall, Erich Schmutzhard, Christoph Kaiser, Andrea S Winkler
Nakalanga syndrome is a condition that was described in Uganda and various other African countries decades ago. Its features include growth retardation, physical deformities, endocrine dysfunction, mental impairment, and epilepsy, amongst others. Its cause remains obscure. Nodding syndrome is a neurological disorder with some features in common with Nakalanga syndrome, which has been described mainly in Uganda, South Sudan, and Tanzania. It has been considered an encephalopathy affecting children who, besides head nodding attacks, can also present with stunted growth, delayed puberty, and mental impairment, amongst other symptoms...
February 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169449/a-questionnaire-survey-to-assess-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke
#17
Minoru Miyazato, Takeshi Tana, Akira Higa, Kiyoshi Wakugami, Takashi Tokashiki, Hirokuni Sakima, Aiwa Maehara, Asuka Ashikari, Takuma Oshiro, Yusuke Ohya, Seiichi Saito
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we evaluated the prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms and the associated clinical features in patients with chronic stroke. METHODS: Patients with stroke who had been regularly followed up at general medical hospitals in Okinawa, Japan were enrolled in the study. The patients were asked to complete a self-reported questionnaire regarding their physical activity, medical history, and the core lower urinary tract symptom score (CLSS) questionnaire, with anonymity...
February 7, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069460/epilepsy-and-exercise-an-experimental-study-in-female-rats
#18
Diego Vannucci Campos, Glauber Menezes Lopim, Daiana Aparecida da Silva, Alexandre Aparecido de Almeida, Debora Amado, Ricardo Mario Arida
OBJECTIVE: Epilepsy is the most common neurological chronic condition worldwide, affecting about 2% of world population. Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) reaches 40% of all cases of this condition, and it is highly refractory to pharmacological treatment. Physical activity has been suggested as complementary therapy for epilepsy. However, there is no consistent information whether all these effects are plenty applicable to females, since clinical and experimental studies concerning physical exercise and epilepsy are largely performed in males...
January 6, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010677/cochlear-implantation-in-chronic-demyelinating-inflammatory-polyneuropathy
#19
Sarah E Mowry, Sarah King
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CDIP) with bilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss who subsequently benefited from unilateral cochlear implantation. METHODS: case history review and review of the literature for the terms CDIP, hearing loss, cochleovestibular dysfunction, and cochlear implantation. RESULTS: A 49-year-old woman presented with bilateral rapidly progressive sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) 1 month after an upper respiratory tract infection...
March 2017: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007363/an-emergency-medicine-focused-review-of-seizure-mimics
#20
James Webb, Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
BACKGROUND: Seizures result in a change in motor, sensory, and behavioral symptoms caused by abnormal neurologic electrical activity. The symptoms share similar presentations of several other conditions, leading to difficulties in diagnosis and frequent improper management. OBJECTIVE: This review evaluates adult patients with suspected seizure, signs and symptoms of seizure, mimics of seizure, and an approach to management of seizure mimics. DISCUSSION: A seizure is caused by abnormal neurologic electrical activity resulting in altered motor, sensory, and behavioral symptoms...
May 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
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