Read by QxMD icon Read


Yan-Yan Xu, Yu-Han Tang, Xiao-Ping Guo, Jing Wang, Ping Yao
Studies examining the association of hemochromatosis (HFE) gene polymorphisms and susceptibility to alcoholic liver disease (ALD) yielded inconsistent results. Thus, we performed a metaanalysis to investigate whether the variations in HFE gene increase the risk of ALD. The studies published up to Feb. 2014 were identified by searching PubMed/MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, EMBASE and China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases, which was complemented by screening the references of the retrieved studies. For all genotypes and alleles, the odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) according to the heterogeneity were pooled using fixed-effect model...
October 2016: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
Henning Jansen, Christina Willenborg, Wolfgang Lieb, Lingyao Zeng, Paola Gloria Ferrario, Christina Loley, Inke R König, Jeanette Erdmann, Nilesh J Samani, Heribert Schunkert
OBJECTIVE: Inflammatory diseases, specifically rheumatoid arthritis (RA), are assumed to increase the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). More recently, multiple single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) associated with RA risk were identified. If causal mechanisms affecting risks of RA and CAD are overlapping, risk alleles for RA might also increase the risk of CAD. METHODS: Sixty-one SNP associating with RA in genome-wide significant analyses were tested for association with CAD in CARDIoGRAM (Coronary ARtery DIsease Genome wide Replication and Meta-analysis), a metaanalysis including genome-wide association data (22,233 CAD cases, 64,762 controls)...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
Richard E Deichmann, Michael D Morledge, Robin Ulep, Johnathon P Shaffer, Philippa Davies, Mieke L van Driel
BACKGROUND: Inadequate patient adherence to a medication regimen is a major factor in the lack of success in treating hyperlipidemia. Improved adherence rates may result in significantly improved cardiovascular outcomes in populations treated with lipid-lowering therapy. The purpose of this metaanalysis was to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions aimed at improving adherence to lipid-lowering drugs, focusing on measures of adherence and clinical outcomes. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature databases through January 14, 2015, and also used the results from previous Cochrane reviews of this title...
2016: Ochsner Journal
Tim S Doherty, Alistair S Glen, Dale G Nimmo, Euan G Ritchie, Chris R Dickman
Invasive species threaten biodiversity globally, and invasive mammalian predators are particularly damaging, having contributed to considerable species decline and extinction. We provide a global metaanalysis of these impacts and reveal their full extent. Invasive predators are implicated in 87 bird, 45 mammal, and 10 reptile species extinctions-58% of these groups' contemporary extinctions worldwide. These figures are likely underestimated because 23 critically endangered species that we assessed are classed as "possibly extinct...
October 4, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Roya Kolahdouz Mohammadi, Minoo Bagheri, Mina Kolahdouz Mohammadi, Farzad Shidfar
INTRODUCTION: R-TFA (ruminant trans-fatty acids) especially cis9, trans11-conjugated linoleic acid (c9,t11-CLA) and trans11-18:1 vaccenic acid (t11-18:1 VA) appear to have anticarcinogenic activity against breast cancer in animal and in vitro experiments. However, the results remain inconsistent. We therefore conducted a systematic review and meta- analysis to assess the association of c9,t11-CLA, and t11-18:1 VA (intake or serum levels) with breast cancer risk. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Relevant studies were identified by a search of PubMed, OVID, SCOPUS and Google scholar databases through 25 May 2015...
September 14, 2016: Minerva Endocrinologica
Binghu Jiang, Huaijun Liu, Dan Zhou
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to perform a metaanalysis to assess the diagnostic performance and clinical utility of the dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in discrimination of benign and malignant pulmonary nodules. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library from January 1995 to May 2015 for studies evaluating the diagnostic accuracy of dynamic MRI in discriminating benign from malignant pulmonary nodules. Methodological quality was assessed by the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2...
August 26, 2016: Clinical Imaging
Christopher R von Rueden, Adrian V Jaeggi
Social status motivates much of human behavior. However, status may have been a relatively weak target of selection for much of human evolution if ancestral foragers tended to be more egalitarian. We test the "egalitarianism hypothesis" that status has a significantly smaller effect on reproductive success (RS) in foragers compared with nonforagers. We also test between alternative male reproductive strategies, in particular whether reproductive benefits of status are due to lower offspring mortality (parental investment) or increased fertility (mating effort)...
September 27, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Meenakshi Bhilwar, Ravi Prakash Upadhyay, Kapil Yadav, Rakesh Kumar, Palanivel Chinnakali, Smita Sinha, Shashi Kant
BACKGROUND: The National Family Health Survey-3 (NFHS- 3; 2005-06) reports that the prevalence of low birth-weight babies is 22% in India. This old figure is probably an underestimate as this nationwide survey acquired information on birth-weight of only 34% of babies. We aimed to make a fresh estimate of the proportion of low birth-weight babies. METHODS: A systematic search was done through PubMed, Google Scholar, Cochrane Library, Medline, IndMed, Embase, WHO and Biomed Central databases...
March 2016: National Medical Journal of India
Jasvinder A Singh, Alomgir Hossain, Ahmed Kotb, Ana Oliveira, Amy S Mudano, Jennifer Grossman, Kevin Winthrop, George A Wells
OBJECTIVE: To compare benefits and harms of lupus nephritis (LN) induction and maintenance treatments. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and Bayesian network metaanalyses of randomized controlled trials (RCT) of immunosuppressive drugs or corticosteroids (CS) in LN. OR and 95% credible intervals (CrI) were calculated. RESULTS: There were 65 RCT that met inclusion and exclusion criteria. Significantly lower risk of endstage renal disease (ESRD; 17 studies) was seen with cyclophosphamide (CYC; OR 0...
October 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
Yeong-Chin Jou, Yuh-Shyan Tsai, Chang-Te Lin, Chun-Liang Tung, Cheng-Huang Shen, Hsin-Tzu Tsai, Wen-Horng Yang, Hung-I Chang, Syue-Yi Chen, Tzong-Shin Tzai
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) can control a transcriptional factor forkhead box P3 (Foxp3) protein expression in T lymphocyte differentiation through proteasome-mediated degradation. In this study, we unveil a reverse regulatory mechanism contributing to bladder cancer progression; Foxp3 expression attenuates HIF-1α degradation. We first demonstrated that Foxp3 expression positively correlates with the metastatic potential in T24 cells and can increase the expression of HIF-1α-target genes, such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and glucose transporter (GLUT)...
August 19, 2016: Oncotarget
B Schmidt, K Bergmann, J Kaufeld, A Melk
OBJECTIVE: Left ventriuclar mass (LVM) is a strong predictor of cardiovascular events. In patients with chronic kidney disease and in patients on dialysis left ventricular hypertrophy is highly prevalent. Overcoming uremia by renal transplantation might improve LVM. However, after transplantation treatment with steroids and calcineurin inhibitors increases blood pressure and therefore might counteract the positive effect of restoring renal function.We performed a metaanalysis of the available evidence from observational studies in patientts after renal tranplantation...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Yoshihiro Katsuura, James Michael Osborn, Garrick Wayne Cason
PURPOSE: To describe the epidemiology of thoracolumbar fractures and associated injuries in blunt trauma patients. METHODS: A systematic review and metaanalysis was performed based on a MEDLINE database search using MeSH terms for studies matching our inclusion criteria. The search yielded 21 full-length articles, each sub-grouped according to content. Data extraction and multiple analyses were performed on descriptive data. RESULTS: The rate of thoracolumbar fracture in blunt trauma patients was 6...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics
Wan Peng, Fu Qiang, Wei Peng, Zhang Qian, Zhu Ke, Lu Yi, Zhong Jian, Qiu Chongrong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia and dyslipidemia are the predominant causes for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Clinical guidelines for lowering CVD risk have advocated that low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) must be reduced. The primary choice of therapy for controlling lipidemia has been statins, which are not completely effective. Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type-9 (PCSK9), which interferes with LDL clearance from circulation, inversely relates to the LDL-C levels...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Tengteng Zhang, Ruoming Wang, Yunbin Liu, Jisheng Huang, Zhen Yang
AIM: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to compare the efficacy and safety of doublet versus single agent as salvage treatment for pretreated metastatic breast cancer. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was performed to identify relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs). All clinical studies were independently identified by two authors for inclusion. Demographic data, treatment regimens, objective response rate (ORR), and progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were extracted and analyzed using Comprehensive MetaAnalysis software (Version 2...
November 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Victor Lago, Lucas Minig, Christina Fotopoulou
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the incidence of lymph node (LN) metastases in presumed stage I-II low-grade epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). METHODS: Eligible studies were identified from MEDLINE and EMBASE (time frame, 2015-1975), that analyzed patients with clinical or radiologic presumed early-stage EOC who underwent a complete pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy as part of their surgical staging. The number and site of dissected and involved LNs and the correlation with overall outcome are analyzed...
October 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Belmira D C P C C Martins, Reinaldo A Oliveira, Antonio J M Cataneo
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our systematic review was to determine whether the introduction of palliative care (PC) teams reduces length of stay and/or mortality for terminally ill patients (TIPs) in an intensive care unit (ICU). METHOD: We hoped to examine studies that compared TIPs in an ICU who received end-of-life care following implementation of a PC team (intervention group) to those who received care where PC teams had not yet been introduced (control group)...
July 27, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
Zachary D Hudson, Brian J Miller
INTRODUCTION: Immune system genes, including cytokines, are associated with schizophrenia risk. Polymorphisms in cytokine genes may also impact on blood levels of cytokines, which are altered in patients with schizophrenia. We performed a metaanalysis of case-control studies of cytokine and chemokine genes in schizophrenia that have not been considered in previous quantitative reviews. METHODS: We identified articles by systematic searches of Pub Med, PsycInfo, and ISI, and the reference lists of identified studies...
July 25, 2016: Clinical Schizophrenia & related Psychoses
Sisi Yu, Huaichao Luo, Meiling Pan, Angel Palomino Luis, Zhujuan Xiong, Pin Shuai, Zhihui Zhang
Background Multiple studies have compared the efficacy of entecavir with lamivudine in preventing hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation among HBV-carrying lymphoma patients with chemotherapy treatment. However, the results were slightly varied. Aim of the review to combine the findings of independent studies assessing the clinical efficacy of the two drugs using a systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods PubMed, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), Chongqing VIP and WanFang Data were retrieved...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Barbara A Kelly, Matilde M Irigoyen, Sherry C Pomerantz, Monique Mondesir, Natalia Isaza-Brando
Swaddling promotes quiet sleep and may be a useful strategy to encourage infant safe sleep practices. We explored the effect of a swaddling education intervention on infant sleep practices in an urban minority community. We compared a cohort of postpartum mothers who were given education about swaddling to a historical group. Breastfeeding and pacifier use were similar in both groups. Compared to the historical group (n = 121), mothers in the swaddling group (n = 40) were more likely to swaddle infants to sleep (52...
July 8, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Leah N Kim, Hemal Mehta, Daniel Barthelmes, Vuong Nguyen, Mark C Gillies
PURPOSE: To report the efficacy and safety of intravitreal ranibizumab for neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) in real-world practice. METHODS: Metaanalysis of ∼26,360 patients from 42 real-world observational studies reporting outcomes of intravitreal ranibizumab for nAMD published between 2007 and 2015. Baseline demographics, lesion type, and visual acuity (VA) were recorded. The weighted mean was calculated for change in VA and frequency of injections and visits during year 1, year 2, and ≥3 years...
August 2016: Retina
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"