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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991368/predicting-discharge-to-institutional-long-term-care-after-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-metaanalysis
#1
Jennifer K Burton, Eilidh E C Ferguson, Amanda J Barugh, Katherine E Walesby, Alasdair M J MacLullich, Susan D Shenkin, Terry J Quinn
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Stroke is a leading cause of disability worldwide, and a significant proportion of stroke survivors require long-term institutional care. Understanding who cannot be discharged home is important for health and social care planning. Our aim was to establish predictive factors for discharge to institutional care after hospitalization for stroke. DESIGN: We registered and conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis (PROSPERO: CRD42015023497) of observational studies...
October 9, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984764/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-prevalence-of-norovirus-in-cases-of-gastroenteritis-in-developing-countries
#2
REVIEW
Gia Thanh Nguyen, Kevin Phan, Ian Teng, Jian Pu, Toru Watanabe
BACKGROUND: While norovirus (NoV) is well known as a leading causal pathogen for acute gastroenteritis in developed countries,structured data on prevalence in developing countries are not available thus far. This review aims to estimate the prevalence of NoV in cases of gastroenteritis in developing countries based on recently published reports. METHODS: Relevant studies were identified by searching PubMed and Web of Science for the period January 1, 1990 through March 31, 2016...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955668/assessing-abstracts-of-iranian-systematic-reviews-and-metaanalysis-indexed-in-wos-and-scopus-using-prisma
#3
Maryam Kazerani, Atefeh Davoudian, Farid Zayeri, Hamid Soori
Background: Systematic reviews and meta-analysis have significant advantages over conventional reviews in that all available data should be presented. This study aimed to evaluate Iranian systematic reviews and meta-analysis abstracts indexed in WOS and Scopus during 2003-2012 based on PRISMA checklist. Methods: This is an analytical study. We evaluated 46 article abstracts indexed in WOS, 89 article abstracts indexed in Scopus and 158 article abstracts indexed in WOS and Scopus both (overlapped group). The quality of the abstracts was evaluated according to the PRISMA checklist for abstracts...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938690/p-akt-as-a-potential-poor-prognostic-factor-for-gastric-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Fang Cao, Cong Zhang, Wei Han, Xiao-Jiao Gao, Jun Ma, Yong-Wei Hu, Xing Gu, Hou-Zhong Ding, Li-Xia Zhu, Qin Liu
To understand the relationship between p-Akt expression and the prognosis of patients with gastric cancer, we searched six databases, Pubmed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang and CBM for relevant articles in order to conduct this metaanalysis. The pooled hazard ratios and corresponding 95%CI of overall survival were calculated to evaluate the prognostic value of p-Akt expression in patients with gastric cancer. With 2261 patients combined from 13 available studies, the pooled HR showed a poor prognosis in patients with gastric cancer in the univariate analysis (HR=1...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920562/comparison-of-general-and-local-anesthesia-for-deep-brain-stimulator-insertion-a-systematic-review
#5
Veena Sheshadri, Nathan C Rowland, Jigesh Mehta, Marina Englesakis, Pirjo Manninen, Lashmi Venkatraghavan
BACKGROUND: Subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) has become a standard treatment for many patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). The reported clinical outcome measures for procedures done under general anesthesia (GA) compared to traditional local anesthetic (LA) technique are quite heterogeneous and difficult to compare. The aim of this systematic review and metaanalysis was to determine whether the clinical outcome after STN-DBS insertion under GA is comparable to that under LA in patients with Parkinson's disease...
September 18, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916551/genetic-determinants-of-radiographic-knee-osteoarthritis-in-african-americans
#6
Youfang Liu, Michelle S Yau, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, David J Duggan, Jordan B Renner, Marc C Hochberg, Braxton D Mitchell, Rebecca D Jackson, Joanne M Jordan
OBJECTIVE: The etiology of knee osteoarthritis (OA), the most common form of arthritis, is complex and may differ by race or ethnicity. In recent years, genetic studies have identified many genetic variants associated with OA, but nearly all the studies were conducted in European whites and Asian Americans. Few studies have focused on the genetics of knee OA in African Americans. METHODS: We performed a genome-wide association study of radiographic knee OA in 1217 African Americans from 2 North American cohort studies: 590 subjects from the Johnston County Osteoarthritis Project and 627 subjects from the Osteoarthritis Initiative...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912027/factor-analysis-in-optimization-of-formulation-of-high-content-uniformity-tablets-containing-low-dose-active-substance
#7
Ivana Lukášová, Jan Muselík, Aleš Franc, Roman Goněc, Filip Mika, David Vetchý
Warfarin is intensively discussed drug with narrow therapeutic range. There have been cases of bleeding attributed to varying content or altered quality of the active substance. Factor analysis is useful for finding suitable technological parameters leading to high content uniformity of tablets containing low amount of active substance. The composition of tabletting blend and technological procedure were set with respect to factor analysis of previously published results. The correctness of set parameters was checked by manufacturing and evaluation of tablets containing 1-10mg of warfarin sodium...
September 11, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895149/efficacy-of-dexmedetomidine-for-perioperative-morbidities-in-pediatric-tonsillectomy-a-metaanalysis
#8
REVIEW
Hye Kyung Cho, Ho Young Yoon, Ho Jun Jin, Se Hwan Hwang
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the effects of perioperative dexmedetomidine as an adjuvant to tonsillectomy compared with opioid or sham in children. DATA SOURCE: Five databases (PubMed, SCOPUS, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) were searched from inception of article collections to April 2017. REVIEW METHODS: Prospective, randomized controlled studies that compared outcomes between children who underwent tonsillectomy plus dexmedetomidine administration (intervention) and children who underwent tonsillectomy with placebo or opioid (control) were systemically and independently reviewed by two researchers...
September 12, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882770/video-assisted-anal-fistula-treatment-vaaft-in-cryptoglandular-fistula-in-ano-a-systematic-review-and-proportional-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Pankaj Garg, Pratiksha Singh
BACKGROUND: Video-Assisted Anal Fistula Treatment (VAAFT) is a relatively new minimally invasive videoendoscopic procedure for treating fistula-in-ano. We reviewed and performed metaanalysis to evaluate the efficacy of this procedure. METHODS: Studies from the period 2010 to 2016 were searched in PubMed, Medline, Scopus, Embase, Ovid, SCI database, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) & Google Scholar database. All studies which utilized VAAFT to treat fistula-in-ano were extracted...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873218/associations-between-falls-and-driving-outcomes-in-older-adults-systematic-review-and-metaanalysis
#10
Kenneth A Scott, Eli Rogers, Marian E Betz, Lilian Hoffecker, Guohua Li, Carolyn DiGuiseppi
OBJECTIVES: To examine associations between falls and subsequent motor vehicle crashes (MVCs), crash-related injuries, driving performance, and driving behavior. DESIGN: Systematic review and metaanalysis. PARTICIPANTS: Observational studies including drivers aged 55 and older or with a mean age of 65 and older. MEASUREMENTS: Two authors independently extracted study and participant characteristics, exposures, and outcomes and assessed risk of bias...
September 5, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870627/endurance-exercise-improves-function-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-meta-analysis
#11
Alicia Flach, Lisa Jaegers, Mary Krieger, Emily Bixler, Patrick Kelly, Edward P Weiss, S Omar Ahmad
Current evidence has shown that exercise can reduce symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, previous studies indicated mixed results, possibly because of variability in terms of the nature of the exercise interventions. The purpose of this study was to perform a metaanalysis of current evidence from endurance exercise intervention studies for effects on the United Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) in individuals with PD. A systematic literature search in six electronic databases was performed and two independent reviewers screened the title and abstract of 1106 records captured by the initial search...
October 17, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845766/abcb1-polymorphisms-and-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-risk-a-meta-analysis
#12
Lu Zhan, Junlan Lian, Haili Jin, Sunyao Wang, Jiajun Ding, Zhengyang Shao
The association between ATP-binding cassette subfamily B member 1 (ABCB1) C3435T and C1236T polymorphisms and the risk for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is inconclusive. We conducted a meta-analysis of all published studies to determine the association of ABCB1 C3435T and C1236T polymorphisms and pediatric ALL risk. A systematic retrieval of relevant publications from the PubMed and Web of Science databases was performed. Data were calculated and statistical analysis was performed using STATA version 12...
2017: Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827923/role-of-yoga-in-cancer-patients-expectations-benefits-and-risks-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Raghavendra Mohan Rao, Ram Amritanshu, H T Vinutha, Shanmugaraj Vaishnaruby, Shashidhara Deepashree, Murthy Megha, Rajendra Geetha, B S Ajaikumar
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis and treatment of cancer poses severe psychologic distress that impacts functional quality of life. While cancer directed treatments are directed purely against tumor killing, interventions that reduce treatment related distress and improve quality of life are the need of the hour. Yoga is one such mind body intervention that is gaining popularity among cancer patients. METHOD: Several research studies in the last two decades unravel the benefits of yoga in terms of improved mood states, symptom reduction, stress reduction and improved quality of life apart from improving host factors that are known to affect survival in cancer patients...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806827/-functional-outcome-following-high-pressure-injection-injuries-of-the-hand
#14
Florian Neubrech, Christian A Radu, David Pauli, Berthold Bickert, Ulrich Kneser, Leila Harhaus
Background High-pressure injection injuries are devastating injuries that often lead to an amputation of the primarily affected finger. The available literature mainly focuses on amputation rates, while there is a lack of knowledge regarding functional results. Patients and Methods Between 1998 and 2016, 47 cases of high-pressure injection injuries of the hand were registered in our department. Out of these, data of 26 patients, all men with an average age of 42 (18-62) years, were included in a retrospective follow-up examination after 4 (1-12) years...
August 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791856/p2y12-receptor-gene-polymorphism-and-the-risk-of-resistance-to-clopidogrel-a-meta-analysis-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Guozhen Cui, Shaoyan Zhang, Jia Zou, Yang Chen, Hao Chen
A number of investigators have evaluated the association between T744C, G52T and C34T polymorphisms in the P2Y12 receptor gene and clopidogrel resistance (CR), but the results of their research are controversial. To quantify the evidence addressing this issue, we performed a meta-analysis of all available studies to evaluate the above association between the 3 different P2Y12 genotypes and CR in patients suffering from cardiovascular diseases. This study included articles up to October 2015. We performed a systematic search of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and WanFang database...
March 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780739/levetiracetam-versus-phenytoin-for-seizure-prophylaxis-in-brain-injured-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Anis Chaari, Alaa Sayed Mohamed, Karim Abdelhakim, Vipin Kauts, William Francis Casey
Background The onset of early and/or late seizures in brain injured patients is associated with worse outcome. So far, phenytoin is the most commonly used antiepileptic drug to prevent seizures in this group of patients. Objective In the current metaanalysis, we aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of phenytoin versus levetiracetam for seizure prophylaxis in brain injured patients. Methods A systematic search was conducted in PubMed and Cochrane Library Database by 2 investigators. Four randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included (295 patients)...
August 5, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769540/electroconvulsive-therapy-for-agitation-in-schizophrenia-metaanalysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
Xiaojing Gu, Wei Zheng, Tong Guo, Gabor S Ungvari, Helen F K Chiu, Xiaolan Cao, Carl D'Arcy, Xiangfei Meng, Yuping Ning, Yutao Xiang
BACKGROUND: Agitation poses a significant challenge in the treatment of schizophrenia. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a fast, effective and safe treatment for a variety of psychiatric disorders, but no meta-analysis of ECT treatment for agitation in schizophrenia has yet been reported. AIMS: To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of ECT alone or ECT-antipsychotics (APs) combination for agitation in schizophrenia. METHODS: Systematic literature search of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was performed...
February 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765677/efficacy-towards-negative-symptoms-and-safety-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-treatment-for-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review
#18
Junjie Wang, Yingqun Zhou, Hong Gan, Jiaoyan Pang, Hui Li, Jijun Wang, Chunbo Li
BACKGROUND: Negative symptoms are one of the most difficult areas in the treatment of schizophrenia because antipsychotics are often less effective towards them. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a new technique for cerebral cortex stimulation and is believed to be a safe and promising method for the treatment of mental disorders. As the clinical research and new treatment models have increased in recent years, the efficacy towards negative symptoms and safety evaluation of rTMS treatment should also be updated...
April 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765243/corticosteroid-or-nonsteroidal-antiinflammatory-drugs-for-the-treatment-of-acute-gout-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
Christy Amanda Billy, Ricky Tanujaya Lim, Marinella Ruospo, Suetonia C Palmer, Giovanni F M Strippoli
OBJECTIVE: Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAID) are used as first-line agents to treat acute gout. Recent trials suggest a possible first-line role for corticosteroids. METHODS: We conducted a metaanalysis of randomized controlled trials (RCT) evaluating corticosteroid versus NSAID therapy (nonselective and selective) as treatment for acute gout. MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CENTRAL were systematically searched through August 2016. Outcomes included pain, bleeding, joint swelling, erythema, tenderness, activity limitation, response to therapy, quality of life, time to resolution, supplementary analgesics, and adverse events...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747247/intravenous-fish-oil-in-critically-ill-and-surgical-patients-historical-remarks-and-critical-appraisal
#20
K Georg Kreymann, Daren K Heyland, Geraldine de Heer, Gunnar Elke
The purpose of this review is to explain the historical and clinical background for intravenous fish oil administration, to evaluate its results by using a product specific metaanalysis, and to stimulate further research in the immune-modulatory potential of fish oil. Concerning the immune-modulatory effects of fatty acids, a study revealed that ω-3 as well as ω-6 fatty acids would prolong transplant survival, and only a mixture with an ω-6:ω-3 ratio of 2.1:1 would give immune-neutral results. In 1998, the label of a newly registered fish oil emulsion also acknowledged this immune-neutral ratio in conjunction with ω-6 lipids...
July 13, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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