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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764964/motor-deficits-impaired-response-inhibition-and-blunted-response-to-methylphenidate-following-neonatal-exposure-to-decabromodiphenyl-ether
#1
Vincent P Markowski, Patrick Miller-Rhodes, Randy Cheung, Calla Goeke, Vincent Pecoraro, Gideon Cohen, Deena J Small
Decabromodiphenyl ether (decaBDE) is an applied brominated flame retardant that is widely-used in electronic equipment. After decades of use, decaBDE and other members of its polybrominated diphenyl ether class have become globally-distributed environmental contaminants that can be measured in the atmosphere, water bodies, wildlife, food staples and human breastmilk. Although it has been banned in Europe and voluntarily withdrawn from the U.S. market, it is still used in Asian countries. Evidence from epidemiological and animal studies indicate that decaBDE exposure targets brain development and produces behavioral impairments...
July 29, 2017: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714911/nutrition-and-allergic-diseases
#2
EDITORIAL
R J J van Neerven, Huub Savelkoul
The development of IgE-mediated allergic diseases is influenced by many factors, including genetic and environmental factors such as pollution and farming, but also by nutrition. In the last decade, substantial progress has been made in our understanding of the impact that nutrition can have on allergic diseases. Many studies have addressed the effect of breastfeeding, pre-, pro- and synbiotics, vitamins and minerals, fiber, fruit and vegetables, cow's milk, and n-3 fatty acids, on the development of allergies...
July 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687275/avoidance-of-cow-s-milk-based-formula-for-at-risk-infants-does-not-reduce-development-of-celiac-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Mila Hyytinen, Erkki Savilahti, Suvi M Virtanen, Taina Härkönen, Jorma Ilonen, Kristiina Luopajärvi, Raivo Uibo, Outi Vaarala, Hans K Åkerblom, Mikael Knip
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Feeding during first months of life might affect risk of celiac disease. Individuals with celiac disease or type 1 diabetes have been reported to have high titers of antibodies against cow´s milk proteins. Avoidance of cow's milk-based formula for infants with genetic susceptibility for type 1 diabetes reduced the cumulative incidence of diabetes-associated autoantibodies. We performed a randomized controlled trial, in the same population, to study whether weaning to an extensively hydrolyzed formula reduced the risk of celiac disease autoimmunity or celiac disease...
July 4, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642112/breastfeeding-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
G López-Fernández, M Barrios, J Goberna-Tricas, J Gómez-Benito
BACKGROUND: The consequences of breastfeeding during pregnancy (BDP) have not been clearly established. Available studies have addressed isolated aspects of this issue using different methodologies, often resulting in contradictory results. To our knowledge, no systematic review has assessed and compared these studies, making it difficult to obtain a clear picture of the consequences of BDP. AIM: To review and summarise all the scientific evidence relating to BDP, and determine whether this evidence is sufficient to establish clear implications for the mother, breastmilk, breastfed child, current pregnancy, and ultimately, the newborn...
June 19, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640217/suboptimal-iodine-concentration-in-breastmilk-and-inadequate-iodine-intake-among-lactating-women-in-norway
#5
Sigrun Henjum, Anne Marie Lilleengen, Inger Aakre, Anna Dudareva, Elin Lovise Folven Gjengedal, Helle Margrete Meltzer, Anne Lise Brantsæter
Breastfed infants depend on sufficient maternal iodine intake for optimal growth and neurological development. Despite this, few studies have assessed iodine concentrations in human milk and there is currently no published data on iodine status among lactating women in Norway. The aim of this study was to assess iodine concentrations in breast milk (BMIC) in lactating women and estimate iodine intake. Five Mother and Child Health Centres in Oslo were randomly selected during 2016, and 175 lactating women between 2nd and 28th weeks postpartum participated...
June 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632867/effect-of-an-internet-based-program-on-weight-loss-for-low-income-postpartum-women-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Suzanne Phelan, Todd Hagobian, Anna Brannen, Karen E Hatley, Andrew Schaffner, Karen Muñoz-Christian, Deborah F Tate
Importance: Postpartum weight retention increases lifetime risk of obesity and related morbidity. Few effective interventions exist for multicultural, low-income women. Objective: To test whether an internet-based weight loss program in addition to the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC program) for low-income postpartum women could produce greater weight loss than the WIC program alone over 12 months. Design, Setting, and Participants: A 12-month, cluster randomized, assessor-blind, clinical trial enrolling 371 adult postpartum women at 12 clinics in WIC programs from the California central coast between July 2011 and May 2015 with data collection completed in May 2016...
June 20, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607212/macronutrients-in-breastmilk-of-mothers-of-preterm-infants
#7
Shiwani Mahajan, Deepak Chawla, Jasbinder Kaur, Suksham Jain
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the variability in macronutrient and energy content of breastmilk of Indian women delivering at ≤34 weeks of gestation. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, samples of breastmilk expressed manually for feeding of preterm neonates were collected from 106 mothers at 3±1 (n=26), 7±2 (n=34), 14±2 (n=24), 21±3 (n=12) and 28±3 (n=10) days after birth. Protein, fat and carbohydrate content were estimated and total energy content was calculated...
June 4, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597536/timing-of-solid-food-introduction-and-association-with-later-childhood-overweight-and-obesity-the-idefics-study
#8
Stalo Papoutsou, Savvas C Savva, Monica Hunsberger, Hannah Jilani, Nathalie Michels, Wolfgang Ahrens, Michael Tornaritis, Toomas Veidebaum, Dénes Molnár, Alfonso Siani, Luis A Moreno, Charis Hadjigeorgiou
This study investigated associations between timing of solid food introduction and childhood obesity and explored maternal characteristics influencing early feeding practices. Cross-sectional data from children 2-9 years (n = 10,808; 50.5% boys) residing in 8 European countries of the IDEFICS study (2007-2008) were included. Late solid food introduction (≥7 months of age) was associated with an increased prevalence of later childhood overweight/obesity among exclusively breastfed children (OR [odds ratio]: 1...
June 8, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589894/advising-women-with-diabetes-in-pregnancy-to-express-breastmilk-in-late-pregnancy-diabetes-and-antenatal-milk-expressing-dame-a-multicentre-unblinded-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Della A Forster, Anita M Moorhead, Susan E Jacobs, Peter G Davis, Susan P Walker, Kerri M McEgan, Gillian F Opie, Susan M Donath, Lisa Gold, Catharine McNamara, Amanda Aylward, Christine East, Rachael Ford, Lisa H Amir
BACKGROUND: Infants of women with diabetes in pregnancy are at increased risk of hypoglycaemia, admission to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), and not being exclusively breastfed. Many clinicians encourage women with diabetes in pregnancy to express and store breastmilk in late pregnancy, yet no evidence exists for this practice. We aimed to determine the safety and efficacy of antenatal expressing in women with diabetes in pregnancy. METHODS: We did a multicentre, two-group, unblinded, randomised controlled trial in six hospitals in Victoria, Australia...
June 3, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576299/effects-of-donor-breastmilk-feeding-on-growth-and-early-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-in-preterm-infants-an-observational-study
#10
Laura S Madore, Samudragupta Bora, Carmina Erdei, Tina Jumani, Allison R Dengos, Sarbattama Sen
PURPOSE: Donor breastmilk (DBM) has gained popularity as an alternative to formula when mother's own milk (MOM) is unavailable. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of a predominantly DBM diet on growth and subsequent neurodevelopment in preterm infants at a level 3 neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: This single-center, observational cohort study compared data from preterm infants supplemented with predominantly (>50%) DBM to those from age- and weight-matched infants fed only MOM or supplemented with predominantly (>50%) preterm formula (PF)...
May 30, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547837/does-body-image-influence-the-relationship-between-body-weight-and-breastfeeding-maintenance-in-new-mothers
#11
Vivien Swanson, Alice Keely, Fiona C Denison
OBJECTIVES: Obese women have lower breastfeeding initiation and maintenance rates than healthy weight women. Research generally focuses on biomedical explanations for this. Psychosocial factors including body image and well-being after childbirth are less well understood as predictors of breastfeeding. In obese and healthy weight women, we investigated changes in body image between 72 hrs post-delivery and 6-8 weeks post-natal, studying how women's body image related to breastfeeding initiation and maintenance...
May 26, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461197/child-feeding-style-is-associated-with-food-intake-and-linear-growth-in-rural-ethiopia
#12
Zeweter Abebe, Gulelat Desse Haki, Kaleab Baye
BACKGROUND: Little is known about mother-child feeding interactions and how this is associated with food intake and linear growth. OBJECTIVE: To characterize mother-child feeding styles and investigate their associations with accepted mouthful and linear growth in west Gojam, rural Ethiopia. SUBJECTS/DESIGN: Two, in-home, meal observations of children aged 12-23 months (n = 100) were video-taped. The number of mouthful accepted was counted and the caregiver/child feeding styles were coded into positive/negative categories of self-feeding, responsive-feeding, active-feeding, social-behavior and distraction...
April 29, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410374/factors-influencing-postnatal-option-b-participation-and-breastfeeding-duration-among-hiv-positive-women-in-lilongwe-district-malawi-a-qualitative-study
#13
Valerie L Flax, Gloria Hamela, Innocent Mofolo, Mina C Hosseinipour, Irving F Hoffman, Suzanne Maman
To ensure the health of mothers and children, prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) programs test women for HIV, engage HIV-positive women in care, and promote recommended breastfeeding practices. Under Malawi's Option B+ PMTCT program, ~20% of women are lost-to-follow-up (LTFU) and little is known about their breastfeeding practices. The purpose of this study is to describe facilitators and barriers to Option B+ participation and how participation influences breastfeeding duration. We conducted in-depth interviews with HIV-positive women in Option B+ (n = 32) or LTFU from Option B+ (n = 32)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400303/infant-feeding-and-child-fussy-eating-the-generation-r-study
#14
Lisanne M de Barse, Pauline W Jansen, Lisa R Edelson-Fries, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Oscar H Franco, Henning Tiemeier, Jolien Steenweg-de Graaff
Fussy/picky eating - i.e. consistently avoiding certain foods - is common in childhood and can be worrisome for parents. Repeated exposure to various flavors as occurs in breastmilk and early exposure to complementary feeding may increase food acceptance and thereby decrease fussy eating. This study examines the associations between infant feeding and child fussy eating in 4779 participants of Generation R, a Dutch population-based cohort. Breastfeeding initiation and continuation, and timing of complementary feeding were assessed by questionnaires at 2, 6, and 12 months...
July 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357148/anti-k1-kell-antibody-expressed-in-maternal-breastmilk-a-case-report-of-a-neonate-with-multiple-intrauterine-transfusions-and-postnatal-exposure-to-kell-antibody-in-maternal-breastmilk
#15
Patrick DeMoss, Mohamed Asfour, Kelly Hersey
Hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn is a common consideration in newborn medicine, especially among the jaundiced. Maternal breastmilk provides numerous benefits to the infant, including nutrition and immunologic factors. Here, we present an infant who received three intrauterine transfusions for anemia secondary to anti-K1 (Kell), anti-C, and anti-e antibodies and whose maternal breastmilk tested positive for anti-Kell antibodies. The infant required another transfusion at 4 weeks of life for anemia...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335075/breastmilk-with-a-high-omega-6-to-omega-3-fatty-acid-ratio-induced-cellular-events-similar-to-insulin-resistance-and-obesity-in-3t3-l1-adipocytes
#16
H Vaidya, S K Cheema
BACKGROUND: An imbalance of omega (n)-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) during critical periods of development may have adverse effects on the health of the newborn in later life. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that breastmilk with higher n-6 to n-3 PUFA ratio will have higher inflammatory cytokines and initiate cellular events similar to insulin resistance and obesity. METHODS: Breastmilk was collected from healthy women who gave natural birth at full term...
March 23, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296580/the-pumpgate-incident-stigma-against-lactating-mothers-in-the-u-s-workplace
#17
Mary Bresnahan, Jie Zhuang, Jennifer Anderson, Yi Zhu, Joshua Nelson, Xiaodi Yan
Studies conclude that breastfeeding for six months is associated with better lifelong health for the mother and the child. Mothers in the U.S. returning to work after maternity leave report difficulty with the need to take frequent breaks to pump breastmilk so many stop breastfeeding. Factors discouraging pumping breastmilk in the workplace motivated a content analysis of public comments posted in response to a legal deposition that occurred in January of 2011 in which an attorney who was a new mother was challenged about taking a break to pump breastmilk...
March 15, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295774/alcohol-consumption-by-breastfeeding-mothers-frequency-correlates-and-infant-outcomes
#18
Rui Yang Tay, Judy Wilson, Clare McCormack, Steve Allsop, Jake M Najman, Lucy Burns, Elizabeth J Elliott, Sue Jacobs, Craig A Olsson, Richard P Mattick, Delyse Hutchinson
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: There is limited research regarding the effects of alcohol consumption by breastfeeding mothers on infant development. This study examined the frequency, correlates and outcomes of alcohol use during lactation. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were from an Australian cohort study. Maternal demographics and substance use were assessed during pregnancy and at 8 weeks and 12 months postpartum. Breastfeeding duration, infant feeding, sleeping and development (Ages and Stages Questionnaire) were also assessed postpartum...
March 13, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295465/quantification-of-piritramide-in-human-colostrum
#19
A Van Eeckhaut, P Vanfleteren, J Van Schoors, Y Van Wanseele, J Poelaert, Y Michotte
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: In our university hospital (UZBrussel), one of the options to control post-operative pain after a Caesarean section under general anaesthesia is to administer piritramide by patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA). As no information is available about the possible transfer of this synthetic narcotic analgesic into breastmilk, women are frequently advised not to breastfeed their newborn. A sensitive liquid chromatographic (LC) method coupled with UV detection will therefore be developed and validated for the quantification of piritramide in colostrum samples to evaluate the presence of the analgesic in the first milk...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244773/oxidative-damage-to-proteins-related-to-metals-and-antioxidant-defenses-in-breastmilk
#20
Patricia Carolina Castillo-Castañeda, Ramón Gaxiola-Robles, Vanessa Labrada-Martagón, Baudilio Acosta Vargas, Lía Celina Méndez-Rodríguez, Tania Zenteno-Savín
INTRODUCTION: Breast milk contains molecules needed for the development of children; the integrity and function of these molecules is affected by the presence of pro-oxidants. Protein carbonyls are mainly produced as a result of the interaction of metals with reactive oxygen species (ROS), which may initiate a chain reaction that promotes molecular oxidation. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the association between the concentration of protein carbonyls with the concentration of trace elements (lead [Pb], cadmium [Cd] and selenium [Se]), superoxide radical (O2•-) production, and glutathione (GSH) content, as well with the activity of the main antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase [SOD], catalase [CAT], glutathione peroxidase [GPx], glutathione reductase [GR] and glutathione S-transferase [GST]) in breast milk...
February 1, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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