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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423183/does-postnatal-care-have-a-role-in-improving-newborn-feeding-a-study-in-15-sub-saharan-african-countries
#1
Shane M Khan, Ilene S Speizer, Kavita Singh, Gustavo Angeles, Nana Ay Twum-Danso, Pierre Barker
Background: Breastfeeding is known as a key intervention to improve newborn health and survival while prelacteal feeds (liquids other than breastmilk within 3 days of birth) represents a departure from optimal feeding practices. Recent programmatic guidelines from the WHO and UNICEF outline the need to improve newborn feeding and points to postnatal care (PNC) as a potential mechanism to do so. This study examines if PNC and type of PNC provider are associated with key newborn feeding practices: breastfeeding within 1 day and prelacteal feeds...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411152/drugs-in-lactation
#2
REVIEW
Philip O Anderson
One impediment to breastfeeding is the lack of information on the use of many drugs during lactation, especially newer ones. The principles of drug passage into breastmilk are well established, but have often not been optimally applied prospectively. Commonly used preclinical rodent models for determining drug excretion into milk are very unreliable because of marked differences in milk composition and transporters compared to those of humans. Measurement of drug concentrations in humans remains the gold standard, but computer modeling is promising...
February 6, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410699/initiation-of-breastfeeding-within-one-hour-of-birth-among-mothers-with-infants-younger-than-or-equal-to-6%C3%A2-months-of-age-attending-public-health-institutions-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#3
Meseret Ekubay, Aster Berhe, Engida Yisma
Background: Breast milk is comprised of the essential nutrients that an infant needs in the first six months of life. Timely initiation of breastfeeding guarantees that infants receive the colostrum, 'the first breastmilk', which contains antibodies that protect the newborn against diseases. Breastfeeding within the first hour of life prevents newborn death due to sepsis, pneumonia, diarrhea and hypothermia. Although breastfeeding is a common practice in sub-Saharan Africa, evidence show that early initiation of breastfeeding is low...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393903/standardized-parenteral-nutrition-for-the-transition-phase-in-preterm-infants-a-bag-that-fits
#4
Ann-Marie Brennan, Mairead E Kiely, Sarah Fenton, Brendan P Murphy
The optimal composition of standardized parenteral nutrition (SPN) is not yet known, contributing to nutrient deficit accrual and growth failure, with the period of parenteral nutrition weaning, i.e., transition (TN) phase, being identified as particularly vulnerable. We created a comprehensive nutrition database, representative of the nutritional course of a diverse range of preterm infants (n = 59, birth weight ≤ 1500 g, gestation < 34 weeks) by collecting hourly macronutrient intake data as part of a prospective, observational study over 19 months...
February 2, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384328/breast-milk-and-infant-iodine-status-during-the-first-12-weeks-of-lactation-in-tianjin-city-china
#5
Wei Wang, Yu Sun, Meng Zhang, Yixin Zhang, Wen Chen, Long Tan, Jun Shen, Zhuo Zhao, Shuhai Lan, Wanqi Zhang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated the iodine status of breast milk and breast-fed infants during the first 12 weeks postpartum in Tianjin, China. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 175 pregnant women were recruited before delivery. Their breastmilk and 24-h urine samples were collected at 4, 8, and 12 weeks postpartum; spot urine samples were simultaneously collected from their infants. The iodine content of the samples was measured. RESULTS: The mean breast milk iodine concentrations (BMICs) at 4, 8, and 12 weeks were 221...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371876/-the-mum-has-to-live-with-the-decision-much-more-than-the-dad-a-qualitative-study-of-men-s-perceptions-of-their-influence-on-breastfeeding-decision-making
#6
Luke Hounsome, Sally Dowling
Background: Although breastfeeding is widely acknowledged as the normal method of infant feeding, there are large variations in rates of initiation and duration. Several factors are linked to the likelihood of breastfeeding initiation, including the influence and opinion of the child's father. There is limited research into men's perception of their influence, or if they feel it appropriate to be involved in deciding how to feed their children. The aim of this study was to investigate, using a qualitative methodology, fathers' perceptions of their influence on the decision to feed their child breastmilk or formula...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363502/prevention-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-extremely-low-gestational-age-neonates-current-evidence
#7
REVIEW
Christian F Poets, Laila Lorenz
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is one of the most frequent complications in extremely low gestational age neonates, but has remained largely unchanged in rate. We reviewed data on BPD prevention focusing on recent meta-analyses. Interventions with proven effectiveness in reducing BPD include the primary use of non-invasive respiratory support, the application of surfactant without endotracheal ventilation and the use of volume-targeted ventilation in infants requiring endotracheal intubation. Following extubation, synchronised nasal ventilation is more effective than continuous positive airway pressure in reducing BPD...
January 23, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351750/associations-of-land-cattle-and-food-security-with-infant-feeding-practices-among-a-rural-population-living-in-manyara-tanzania
#8
Bailey Hanselman, Ramya Ambikapathi, Estomih Mduma, Erling Svensen, Laura E Caulfield, Crystal L Patil
BACKGROUND: Livelihoods strategies and food security experiences can positively and negatively affect infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices. This study contributes to this literature by exploring how variation in household economics among rural farmers in Tanzania relates to IYCF patterns over the first 8 months of an infant's life. METHODS: These data were produced from a longitudinal study in which a cohort of mother-infant dyads was followed from birth to 24 months...
January 19, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350128/between-a-rock-a-bye-and-a-hard-place-mood-disorders-during-the-peripartum-period
#9
Michael Thomson, Verinder Sharma
Mood disorders including major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder are common during and after pregnancy. Timely identification and appropriate management of mood episodes is essential to maximize maternal well-being and minimize adverse outcomes. Failure to do so results in maternal suffering and impaired child bonding, and has the potential for devastating outcomes including suicide and infanticide. Women are routinely screened for unipolar depression during or after pregnancy but not for bipolar disorder, in spite of the fact that childbirth is associated with a major risk for onset or exacerbation of bipolar disorder...
December 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323435/soluble-cd14-levels-in-plasma-and-breastmilk-of-malawian-hiv-women-lack-of-association-with-morbidity-and-mortality-in-their-exposed-infants
#10
Silvia Baroncelli, Clementina M Galluzzo, Giuseppe Liotta, Mauro Andreotti, Fausto Ciccacci, Sandro Mancinelli, Victor T Tolno, Jane Gondwe, Roberta Amici, Maria C Marazzi, Stefano Vella, Marina Giuliano, Leonardo Palombi, Lucia Palmisano
PROBLEM: Data on soluble CD14 (sCD14) during pregnancy and lactation are scarce. We assessed the levels of sCD14 in plasma and breastmilk of Malawian HIV-positive women and evaluated the possible association with morbidity and mortality in the HIV-exposed children. METHOD OF STUDY: One hundred and forty-nine mother/child pairs were studied. Women received antiretroviral therapy from 26 weeks of gestation to at least 6 months of exclusive breastfeeding. sCD14 concentrations were determined using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246382/promote-breastfeeding-in-the-outpatient-setting-it-s-easy
#11
Natasha K Sriraman
The numerous benefits for both mother and baby of breastfeeding are evidence-based and well-defined. Breastmilk is the physiologic norm for infant nutrition, offering multiple health benefits and protections for mothers and babies. Although major medical and health organizations, which represent the health of women and children, such as the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG), American Academy of Family Practice (AAFP), Centers for Disease Control (CDC), UNICEF, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the National Public Health Service (NPHS), all recommend exclusive breastfeeding, few women meet the recommended goals for duration and exclusivity, despite high initiation rates...
December 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246381/the-nuts-and-bolts-of-breastfeeding-anatomy-and-physiology-of-lactation
#12
Natasha K Sriraman
Breastmilk is the physiologic norm for infant nutrition. Despite recommendations from major health organizations, many women in the U.S. are not achieving this metric. Understanding breast anatomy and lactation physiology will allow physicians to gain knowledge of the processes, which control lactation enabling physicians to appropriately manage the breastfeeding dyad. The interplay of hormones involved in lactation and milk management affect milk initiation, as well as ongoing milk production (galactopoesis)...
December 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241518/influence-of-anthropometric-parameters-on-breastmilk-provision-in-preterm-infants
#13
Sharon G Casavant, Michelle Judge, Jacqueline McGrath
OBJECTIVE: To explore how growth trends may relate to maternal provision of breastmilk to preterm infants in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). DESIGN: Non-experimental, retrospective, descriptive. SETTING: Level III, 40-bed suburban neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). PARTICIPANTS: 94 preterm infants (<37 post-menstrual age) admitted to the NICU between September 2011 and May 2013. METHODS: This retrospective chart review explored the relationship between infant growth during hospitalization and maternal provision of breastmilk at discharge...
December 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234457/predictors-and-barriers-to-breastfeeding-in-north-of-jordan-could-we-do-better
#14
Wasim Khasawneh, Ayat Abdelrahman Khasawneh
Background: Despite the ongoing recommendations for breastfeeding, we continue to see a decrease in exclusive breastfeeding among Jordanian women during infant follow up visits at the pediatric outpatient clinic. The purpose of our study is to determine the prevalence, predictors and barriers to exclusive breastfeeding in north of Jordan. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey involving mothers with infants six to twelve months old, at two hospitals in Irbid city in north of Jordan, between December 2016 and March 2017...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211383/perspectives-of-key-stakeholders-and-experts-in-infant-feeding-on-the-implementation-of-the-australian-national-breastfeeding-strategy-2010-2015
#15
Naomi S Hull, Lisa C Schubert, Julie P Smith
Breastfeeding is widely accepted as an important public health issue for babies and their mothers. Yet, despite this, Australia continues to struggle with reaching global targets for breastfeeding indicators. In 2007, the Best Start Parliamentary Inquiry Report was released and set the stage for the Australian National Breastfeeding Strategy [2010-2015), which was announced in November 2009, with the vision to increase Australia's breastfeeding rates of infants at 6 months of age and beyond. The aim of this research project was to explore the perspectives of key stakeholders in the field of infant feeding in Australia on the implementation of the strategy, barriers and enablers to its successful implementation and actions that were still needed...
March 2017: Breastfeeding Review: Professional Publication of the Nursing Mothers' Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210600/potential-silver-nanoparticles-migration-from-commercially-available-polymeric-baby-products-into-food-simulants
#16
Jeong In Choi, Song Ji Chae, Jung Min Kim, Jae Chun Choi, Se Jong Park, Hee Ju Choi, Hojae Bae, Hyun Jin Park
In recent years, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have been extensively employed in food packaging systems as a potential antibacterial agent. Although proven to be highly effective, increased number of AgNP-containing products raises concerns among consumers regarding the migration of AgNPs from the packaging material into foods which may exert toxic effects. To address this, five baby products were chosen (baby bottle A, baby bottle B, pacifier A, pacifier B, and breastmilk storage bag) to investigate AgNPs migration into three food simulants (deionized water, 4% acetic acid (w/v), and 50% ethanol (v/v)) using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS)...
December 6, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206878/predictors-of-mercury-lead-cadmium-and-antimony-status-in-norwegian-never-pregnant-women-of-fertile-age
#17
Christina Herland Fløtre, Kristin Varsi, Thea Helm, Bjørn Bolann, Anne-Lise Bjørke-Monsen
BACKGROUND: The toxic trace elements mercury (Hg), lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd) and antimony (Sb) are transferred over the placenta to the fetus and secreted into the breastmilk. All four elements bioaccumulate in the body and as maternal age at delivery is increasing in industrialized countries, the burden of toxic trace elements in never-pregnant women of fertile age is of concern. METHODS: Healthy, never-pregnant women aged 18 to 40 years (n = 158) were recruited between June 2012 and March 2015 in Bergen, Norway...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166382/human-milk-h2o2-content-does-it-benefit-preterm-infants
#18
Monika Cieslak, Cristina H F Ferreira, Yulia Shifrin, Jingyi Pan, Jaques Belik
BACKGROUND: Human milk has a high content of the antimicrobial compound hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). As opposed to healthy full-term infants, preterm neonates are fed previously expressed and stored maternal milk. These practices may favor H2O2 decomposition, thus limiting its potential benefit to preterm infants. The goal of this study was to evaluate the factors responsible for H2O2 generation and degradation in breastmilk. METHODS: Human donors' and rat milk, along with rat mammary tissue were evaluated...
November 22, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127805/prenatal-contribution-of-2-2-4-4-tetrabromodiphenyl-ether-bde-47-to-total-body-burden-in-young-children
#19
Mi-Yeon Shin, Sunmi Kim, Sunggyu Lee, Hai-Joong Kim, Jeong Jae Lee, Gyuyeon Choi, Sooran Choi, Sungjoo Kim, Su Young Kim, Jeongim Park, Hyo-Bang Moon, Kyungho Choi, Sungkyoon Kim
Many scientists made estimates of the body burden of PBDEs from breastmilk and house dust. Interestingly, they have not included the prenatal contribution to the body burden in young children after birth. In order to address how the prenatal contribution is important in the risk assessment of PBDEs in infants up to five years old, we used the median measurements of BDE-47 as a model chemical in 108 neonates in Korea, and made simulations of its disposition out of body from birth to five years. During the simulation periods, the environmental exposure was considered for house dust, babyfood, breastmilk consumption, etc...
November 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124056/microbial-therapeutics-designed-for-infant-health
#20
REVIEW
Claire Watkins, Catherine Stanton, C Anthony Ryan, R Paul Ross
Acknowledgment of the gut microbiome as a vital asset to health has led to multiple studies attempting to elucidate its mechanisms of action. During the first year of life, many factors can cause fluctuation in the developing gut microbiome. Host genetics, maternal health status, mode of delivery, gestational age, feeding regime, and perinatal antibiotic usage, are known factors which can influence the development of the infant gut microbiome. Thus, the microbiome of vaginally born, exclusively breastfed infants at term, with no previous exposure to antibiotics, either directly or indirectly from the mother, is to be considered the "gold standard...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
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