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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154851/effect-of-surgeon-s-experience-on-complications-from-laparoscopic-hysterectomy
#1
Naveiro-Fuentes Mariña, Rodríguez-Oliver Antonio, Fernández-Parra Jorge, González-Paredes Aida, Aguilar-Romero Teresa, Mozas-Moreno Juan
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of learning in two surgeons on complications and conversion to laparotomy during total and subtotal laparoscopic hysterectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analyzed retrospectively 236 total and subtotal laparoscopic hysterectomies done by two surgeons from the time they first performed the procedure. The interventions were classified in three groups based on the surgeon's experience: the first 75 hysterectomies ("novice period"), the subsequent 75 hysterectomies ("intermediate"), and the subsequent 86 hysterectomies ("routine period")...
November 14, 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154079/clinical-performance-of-a-next-generation-sequencing-assay-thyroseq-v2-in-the-evaluation-of-indeterminate-thyroid-nodules
#2
Aida Taye, Dillon Gurciullo, Brett A Miles, Ashita Gupta, Randall P Owen, William B Inabnet, Jessica N Beyda, Jennifer L Marti
BACKGROUND: Molecular testing with the Thyroseq v2 next generation sequencing panel ("Thyroseq") is used to estimate the risk of cancer in indeterminate thyroid nodules. METHODS: We analyzed 156 indeterminate thyroid nodules evaluated with Thyroseq, across 3 institutions. Thyroseq data and surgical pathology were matched via pathologic re-review. A result was considered Thyroseq positive if molecular alterations were annotated on the report with malignancy probability >30%...
November 16, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153888/-the-2015-classification-of-lung-adenocarcinomas-reproducibility-in-a-tunisian-department-specialised-in-thoracic-pathology
#3
Mona Mlika, Imen Helal, Emna Braham, Aida Ayadi, Ali Mrabet, Faouzi Mezni
INTRODUCTION: The new classification of lung cancer contains modifications of terminology and a new subdivision of the tumors with the most relevant modifications concerning the group of adenocarcinomas. The latter has been increasing and represents nowadays the most frequent type. Our aim was to assess the reproducibility of the new classification through the experience of a Department of Pathology specialized in thoracic pathology. METHODS: Our study included initially 106 cases diagnosed as adenocarcinomas and reviewed by 2 pathologists and 1 referee...
November 16, 2017: Annales de Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152973/epidermal-microfluidic-electrochemical-detection-system-enhanced-sweat-sampling-and-metabolite-detection
#4
Aida Martin, Jayoung Kim, Jonas F Kurniawan, Juliane R Sempionatto, Jose R Moreto, Guangda Tang, Alan C Campbell, Andrew Shin, Min Yul Lee, Xiaofeng Liu, Joseph Wang
Despite tremendous recent efforts, non-invasive sweat monitoring is still far from delivering its early analytical promise. Here, we describe a flexible epidermal microfluidic detection platform fabricated through hybridization of lithographic and screen-printed technologies for efficient sweat sampling and continuous real-time electrochemical monitoring of sweat glucose and lactate levels. This soft, skin-mounted device judiciously merges lab-on-a-chip and electrochemical detection technologies, integrated with a miniaturized flexible electronic board for real-time wireless data transmission to a smart device...
November 20, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152323/new-melanocortin-like-peptide-of-e-coli-can-suppress-inflammation-via-the-mammalian-melanocortin-1-receptor-mc1r-possible-endocrine-like-function-for-microbes-of-the-gut
#5
Xiaoling Qiang, Anthony S Liotta, Joseph Shiloach, J C Gutierrez, Haichao Wang, Mahendar Ochani, Kanta Ochani, Huan Yang, Aviva Rabin, Derek LeRoith, Maxine A Lesniak, Markus Böhm, Christian Maaser, Klaus Kannengiesser, Mark Donowitz, Shervin Rabizadeh, Christopher J Czura, Kevin J Tracey, Mark Westlake, Aida Zarfeshani, Syed F Mehdi, Ann Danoff, Xueliang Ge, Suparna Sanyal, Gary J Schwartz, Jesse Roth
E. coli releases a 33 amino acid peptide melanocortin-like peptide of E. coli (MECO-1) that is identical to the C-terminus of the E. coli elongation factor-G (EF-G) and has interesting similarities to two prominent mammalian melanocortin hormones, alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) and adrenocorticotropin (ACTH). Note that MECO-1 lacks HFRW, the common pharmacophore of the known mammalian melanocortin peptides. MECO-1 and the two hormones were equally effective in severely blunting release of cytokines (HMGB1 and TNF) from macrophage-like cells in response to (i) endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide) or (ii) pro-inflammatory cytokine HMGB-1...
2017: NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151785/children-s-lifestyle-behaviors-in-relation-to-anthropometric-indices-a-family-practice-study
#6
Aida Puia, Daniel-Corneliu Leucuta
Introduction: Obesity prevention in children represents one of the main concerns in primary care. In order to develop into a healthy adult, the child has to follow a healthy lifestyle in all aspects: nutritional, behavioral, physical and recreational. Our main goal was to identify which habits may influence the children's somatic development. Method: Our study, performed in a family practice, consisted in a questionnaire regarding physical activity, diet and use of electronic devices...
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149199/epidemiology-and-clinical-profile-of-pathogens-responsible-for-the-hospitalization-of-children-in-sousse-area-tunisia
#7
Ines Brini, Aida Guerrero, Naila Hannachi, Jihene Bouguila, Dorothea Orth-Höller, Amira Bouhlel, Lamia Boughamoura, Benjamin Hetzer, Wegene Borena, Britta Schiela, Dorothee Von Laer, Jalel Boukadida, Heribert Stoiber
This study aimed to identify a broad spectrum of respiratory pathogens from hospitalized and not-preselected children with acute respiratory tract infections in the Farhat Hached University-hospital of Sousse, Tunisia. Between September 2013 and December 2014, samples from 372 children aged between 1 month and 5 years were collected, and tested using multiplex real-time RT-PCR by a commercial assay for 21 respiratory pathogens. In addition, samples were screened for the presence of Streptococcus pneumoniae 16S rDNA using real-time PCR...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147942/randomized-controlled-trials-of-simulation-based-interventions-in-emergency-medicine-a-methodological-review
#8
REVIEW
Anthony Chauvin, Jennifer Truchot, Aida Bafeta, Dominique Pateron, Patrick Plaisance, Youri Yordanov
The number of trials assessing Simulation-Based Medical Education (SBME) interventions has rapidly expanded. Many studies show that potential flaws in design, conduct and reporting of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) can bias their results. We conducted a methodological review of RCTs assessing a SBME in Emergency Medicine (EM) and examined their methodological characteristics. We searched MEDLINE via PubMed for RCT that assessed a simulation intervention in EM, published in 6 general and internal medicine and in the top 10 EM journals...
November 16, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147473/bioresorbable-vascular-scaffold-versus-metallic-stent-in-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-results-of-the-aida-trial
#9
Syed Raza Shah, Mazia Fatima, Amin Muhammad Dharani, Waqas Shahnawaz, Syed Arbab Shah
Drug-eluting stents have significantly improved the long-term outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) by decreasing the excessive growth of neointima. However, conventional stents have some limitations. PCI with a bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) has emerged as an alternative since the presence of the prosthesis in the coronary artery is transient. A US Food and Drug Administration advisory panel of experts recommended approval of BVS based on the analysis of its risks and rewards in July 2016...
2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147125/comparison-of-the-prevalence-of-enteroviruses-in-blood-samples-of-patients-with-and-without-unstable-angina
#10
Aida Gholoobi, Zahra Meshkat, Akram Baghani, Maryam Sadat Alavi, Toktam Mohammadpoor, Mastoureh Momen-Heravi, Mohsen Mouhebati, Samaneh Sepahi, Sina Rostami, Mojtaba Meshkat, Arash Gholoobi
BACKGROUND: Although the role of enteroviruses has been proved in heart diseases, extensive information is not available on the association between enteroviruses and unstable angina. In the present study, the authors compared the prevalence of enteroviruses in patients with and without unstable angina. METHODS: Blood samples were taken from 51 patients with unstable angina and 55 patients without unstable angina or myocardial infarction that were admitted to Imam Reza and Ghaem hospitals (Mashhad, northeast of Iran)...
July 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146139/how-to-prevent-renal-cachexia-a-clinical-randomized-pilot-study-testing-oral-supplemental-nutrition-in-hemodialysis-patients-with-and-without-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection
#11
Michael Zilles, Christoph Betz, Oliver Jung, Stefan Gauer, Renate Hammerstingl, Astrid Wächtershäuser, Thomas J Vogl, Helmut Geiger, Aida Asbe-Vollkopf, Rainer U Pliquett
OBJECTIVE: End-stage renal disease associates with catabolism and sarcopenia. Hypothetically, peroral supplemental nutrition over 6 months prevents catabolism in hemodialysis patients. DESIGN: Prospective randomized pilot study (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00687050). SUBJECTS: Twenty-three hemodialysis patients (15 males and 7 females) with or without human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection of 2 ambulatory hemodialysis centers...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143598/gwas-for-plant-growth-stages-and-yield-components-in-spring-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l-harvested-in-three-regions-of-kazakhstan
#12
Yerlan Turuspekov, Aida Baibulatova, Kanat Yermekbayev, Laura Tokhetova, Vladimir Chudinov, Grigoriy Sereda, Martin Ganal, Simon Griffiths, Saule Abugalieva
BACKGROUND: Spring wheat is the largest agricultural crop grown in Kazakhstan with an annual sowing area of 12 million hectares in 2016. Annually, the country harvests around 15 million tons of high quality grain. Despite environmental stress factors it is predicted that the use of new technologies may lead to increases in productivity from current levels of 1.5 to up to 3 tons per hectare. One way of improving wheat productivity is by the application of new genomic oriented approaches in plant breeding projects...
November 14, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143438/protective-effects-of-coenzyme-q10-nanoparticles-on-dichlorvos-induced-hepatotoxicity-and-mitochondrial-lysosomal-injury
#13
Aziz Eftekhari, Elham Ahmadian, Aida Azami, Mohammad Johari-Ahar, Mohammad Ali Eghbal
Development of biocompatible antioxidant nanoparticles for xenobiotic-induced liver disease treatment by oral or parenteral administration is of great interest in medicine. In the current study, we demonstrate the protective effects of coenzyme Q10 nanoparticles (CoQ10-NPs) on hepatotoxicity induced by dichlorvos (DDVP) as an organophosphate. Although CoQ10 is an efficient antioxidant, its poor bioavailability has limited the applications of this useful agent. First, CoQ10-NPs were prepared then characterized using dynamic light scattering (DLS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM)...
November 16, 2017: Environmental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143121/telomere-length-of-gallbladder-epithelium-is-shortened-in-patients-with-congenital-biliary-dilatation-measurement-by-quantitative-fluorescence-in-situ-hybridization
#14
Yuto Aoki, Junko Aida, Youichi Kawano, Ken-Ichi Nakamura, Naotaka Izumiyama-Shimomura, Naoshi Ishikawa, Tomio Arai, Yoshiharu Nakamura, Nobuhiko Taniai, Eiji Uchida, Kaiyo Takubo, Toshiyuki Ishiwata
BACKGROUND: Congenital biliary dilatation (CBD) is a congenital malformation involving both dilatation of the extrahepatic bile duct and pancreaticobiliary maljunction. Persistent reflux of pancreatic juice injures the biliary tract mucosa, resulting in chronic inflammation and higher rates of carcinogenesis in the biliary tract, including the gallbladder. Telomeres are repetitive DNA sequences located at the ends of chromosomes. Chromosomal instability due to telomere dysfunction plays an important role in the carcinogenesis of many organs...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142970/cardiovascular-disease-biomarkers-and-supar-in-predicting-decline-in-renal-function-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Salim S Hayek, Yi-An Ko, Mosaab Awad, Hina Ahmed, Brandon Gray, Kareem Mohammed Hosny, Hiroshi Aida, Melissa J Tracy, Changli Wei, Sanja Sever, Jochen Reiser, Arshed A Quyyumi
Introduction: Soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) strongly predicts outcomes and incident chronic kidney disease (CKD) in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). Whether the association between suPAR and CKD is a reflection of its overall association with chronic inflammation and poor CVD outcomes is unclear. We examined whether CVD biomarkers, including high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), fibrin-degradation products (FDPs), heat-shock protein 70 (HSP-70), and high-sensitivity troponin I (hs-TnI) were associated with a decline in kidney function in the Emory Cardiovascular Biobank cohort, in which suPAR levels were shown to be predictive of both incident CKD and CVD outcomes...
May 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132087/traditional-cattle-vs-introduced-deer-management-in-chaco-serrano-woodlands-argentina-analysis-of-environmental-sustainability-at-increasing-densities
#16
José Luis Charro, Aida López-Sánchez, Ramón Perea
Wild ungulate populations have increased and expanded considerably in many regions, including austral woodlands and forests where deer (Cervus elaphus) have been introduced as an alternative management to traditional cattle grazing. In this study, we compared traditional cattle with introduced deer management at increasing deer densities in the "Chaco Serrano" woodlands of Argentina to assess their ecological sustainability. We used three ecological indicators (abundance of tree regeneration, woody plant diversity and browsing damage) as proxies for environmental sustainability in woody systems...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129630/antibacterial-antifungal-and-anticoagulant-activities-of-chicken-pla2-group-v-expressed-in-pichia-pastoris
#17
Aida Karray, Madiha Bou Ali, Nedia Kharrat, Youssef Gargouri, Sofiane Bezzine
Secretory class V phospholipase A2 (PLA2-V) has been shown to be involved in inflammatory processes in cellular studies, but the biochemical and physical properties of this important enzyme have been unclear. As a first step towards understanding the structure, function and regulation of this PLA2, we report the expression and characterization of PLA2-V from chicken (ChPLA2-V). The ChPLA2-V cDNA was synthesized from chicken heart polyA mRNA by RT-PCR, and an expression construct containing the PLA2 was established...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127687/nuclear-inverse-polarity-papillary-lesions-lacking-myoepithelial-cells-a-report-of-two-cases
#18
Shinya Tajima, Ichiro Maeda, Yoshio Aida, Akio Kazama, Hirotaka Koizumi, Masatomo Doi, Akira Endo, Motohiro Chosokabe, Keiko Kishimoto, Takafumi Ono, Koichiro Tsugawa, Masayuki Takagi
Here, cases of a 68- (Case 1) and a 44-year-old (Case 2) female are presented. They had an abnormality in the breast, and came to our hospital for further examination and treatment. Radiologically, malignancy could not completely excluded so breast excision was performed. Histologically, both cases revealed papillary neoplastic lesions lined by fibrovascular core and nuclear inverse polarity without atypia. Loss of myoepithelial cells was observed by HE, p63, and calponin. Previous report indicate CK5/6, ER, p63 and MUC3 are important for distinguishing between papillary lesions according to the differential index (based on Allred score) of ([ER total score] + [MUC3 total score])/([CK5/6 total score] + [p63 total score] + 1)...
November 10, 2017: Pathology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125944/hla-a-31-01-and-carbamazepine-induced-dress-syndrom-in-a-sample-of-north-african-population
#19
Kamilia Ksouda, Hanen Affes, Nedia Mahfoudh, Lassad Chtourou, Arwa Kammoun, Aida Charfi, Hend Chaabane, Molka Medhioub, Zouhir Sahnoun, Hamida Turki, Nabil Tahri, Serria Hammami, Khaled Zeghal
PURPOSE: Drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) is a serious adverse drug reaction. Carbamazepine is the most common causes of this syndrome. The HLA-A*31:01 allele has been shown to be strongly correlated with carbamazepine-induced DRESS syndrome in European, Japanese, Han Chinese and other asian population but not in African populations. So, our purpose is to study there is a correlation between HLA-A*31:01 and carbamazepine-induced DRESS syndrome in africain population? METHODS: HLA class I (A and B) typing was performed on 7 subjects with carbamazepine-DRESS syndrome and 25 tolerants controls subjects...
October 27, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120574/pentraxin-3-genetic-variants-and-the-risk-of-active-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#20
Abeer Sheneef, Mona T Hussein, Tamer Mohamed, Aida A Mahmoud, Laila M Yousef, Ola A Alkady
Tuberculosis is a major health problem worldwide. Genetic factors are considered important determinants of the host susceptibility to Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the association between pentraxin 3 genetic variants and the susceptibility and severity of active pulmonary tuberculosis. The study included 100 patients with newly diagnosed pulmonary TB and 50 healthy controls. PTX3 plasma level was assayed using ELISA and PTX3 genotypes (rs2305619, rs3816527, rs1840680) were detected by real time PCR in all participants...
January 2017: Egyptian Journal of Immunology
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