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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635263/crystalline-nanochannels-with-pendant-azobenzene-groups-steric-or-polar-effects-on-gas-adsorption-and-diffusion
#1
Hubiao Huang, Hiroshi Sato, Takuzo Aida
An azobenzene-containing, zirconium-based metal-organic framework ((Azo)MOF), upon irradiation with ultraviolet (UV) light at 365 ± 10 nm, underwent trans-to-cis isomerization of its azobenzene pendants to furnish the cis-isomer content of 21% ((Azo)MOF(21%)) in 30 min at the photostationary state and underwent backward isomerization into (Azo)MOF(1%) upon either irradiation with visible light (420-480 nm) or heating. When the cis-isomer content increased, the diffusion rate and amount of CO2 adsorbed into the nanochannels of (Azo)MOF decreased considerably...
June 21, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634799/assessment-of-heat-inactivated-marine-aspergillus-flavus-as-a-novel-biosorbent-for-removal-of-cd-ii-hg-ii-and-pb-ii-from-water
#2
Mohamed E Mahmoud, Gehan M El Zokm, Aida E M Farag, Mohamed S Abdelwahab
A novel marine fungus was isolated and classified as Aspergillus flavus strain EGY11. The heat-inactivated form of isolated Aspergillus flavus was investigated and evaluated as a new eco-friendly and highly efficient biosorbent for removal of toxic heavy metals such as Cd(II), Hg(II), and Pb(II) from aqueous solutions. The SEM morphological studies of biosorbent-loaded metal ions confirmed their direct binding on the surface of heat-inactivated Aspergillus flavus. The metal biosorption capacity values were determined and optimized by the batch technique in the presence of various experimental controlling factors such as pH, contact time, biosorbent dosage, initial metal ion concentration, and coexisting species...
June 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633495/estradiol-protects-against-cardio-respiratory-dysfunctions-and-oxidative-stress-in-intermittent-hypoxia
#3
Sofien Laouafa, Alexandra Ribon-Demars, François Marcouiller, Damien Roussel, Aida Bairam, Vincent Pialoux, Vincent Joseph
Study Objectives: We tested the hypothesis that estradiol (E2) protects against cardio-respiratory disorders and oxidative stress induced by chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) in adult female rats. Methods: Sprague-Dawley female rats (230-250g) were ovariectomized (OVX) and implanted with osmotic pumps delivering vehicle (Veh) or E2 (0.5 mg/kg/day). After 14 days of recovery, the rats were exposed to chronic CIH (21%-10% O2 - 8 hours/day - 10 cycles/hour) or room air (RA)...
June 19, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633072/roles-of-serum-in-innate-immune-responses-of-human-leukocytes-to-synthetic-lipopeptide
#4
Terukazu Sanui, Masaaki Takeshita, Takao Fukuda, Urara Tanaka, Rehab Alshargabi, Yoshitomi Aida, Fusanori Nishimura
Tripalmitoyl-S-glyceryl-l-Cys-Ser-(Lys)4 (Pam3CSK4) is a highly conserved molecular motif found in various classes of lipoproteins. The requirement for leukocyte to respond to synthetic Pam3CSK4 were studied. Pam3CSK4 primed neutrophils for a respiratory burst in a serum-dependent manner. Pam3CSK4 upregulated CD11b, CD14, and cytochrome b558, and downregulated Leu-8. Treatment of neutrophils with anti-CD14 antibodies and treatment of serum with anti-LPS binding protein (LBP) antibodies resulted in the inhibition of priming for respiratory burst by Pam3CSK4...
June 17, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632820/the-nexus-of-stem-cell-derived-beta-cells-and-genome-engineering
#5
Sara D Sackett, Aida Rodriguez, Jon S Odorico
Diabetes, type 1 and type 2 (T1D and T2D), are diseases of epidemic proportions, which are complicated and defined by genetics, epigenetics, environment, and lifestyle choices. Current therapies consist of whole pancreas or islet transplantation. However, these approaches require life-time immunosuppression, and are compounded by the paucity of available donors. Pluripotent stem cells have advanced research in the fields of stem cell biology, drug development, disease modeling, and regenerative medicine, and importantly allows for the interrogation of therapeutic interventions...
2017: Review of Diabetic Studies: RDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628498/earlier-physical-therapy-input-is-associated-with-a-reduced-length-of-hospital-stay-and-reduced-care-needs-on-discharge-in-frail-older-inpatients-an-observational-study
#6
Peter J Hartley, Victoria L Keevil, Ledia Alushi, Rebecca L Charles, Eimear B Conroy, Patricia M Costello, Becki Dixon, Aida M Dolinska-Grzybek, Diana Vajda, Roman Romero-Ortuno
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pressures on hospital bed occupancy in the English National Health Service have focused attention on enhanced service delivery models and methods by which physical therapists might contribute to effective cost savings, while retaining a patient-centered approach. Earlier access to physical therapy may lead to better outcomes in frail older inpatients, but this has not been well studied in acute National Health Service hospitals. Our aim was to retrospectively study the associations between early physical therapy input and length of hospital stay (LOS), functional outcomes, and care needs on discharge...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626341/intercorporeality-and-aida-developing-an-interaction-theory-of-social-cognition
#7
Shogo Tanaka
The aim of this article is to develop an interaction theory (IT) of social cognition. The central issue in the field of social cognition has been theory of mind (ToM), and there has been debate regarding its nature as either theory-theory or as simulation theory. Insights from phenomenology have brought a second-person perspective based on embodied interactions into the debate, thereby forming a third position known as IT. In this article, I examine how IT can be further elaborated by drawing on two phenomenological notions-Merleau-Ponty's intercorporeality and Kimura's aida...
June 2017: Theory & Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625824/polymorphism-study-of-cryptosporidium-hominis-gp60-subtypes-circulating-in-northern-tunisia
#8
Rym Essid, Hanen Chelbi, Siala Emna, Ines Bensghair, Jean Menotti, Aïda Bouratbine
Cryptosporidium spp. are a major cause of gastrointestinal diseases in humans worldwide. While a single subtype of Cryptosporidium hominis has been shown to be responsible for several large outbreaks related to water contamination in developed countries, little is known about the epidemiology of C. hominis in developing countries. This study reports the first genetic characterization of C. hominis at the subtype level in several human populations in an urban region of Tunisia using the gp60 gene. Among 511 stool samples that were collected from different human populations, Cryptosporidium 18S rRNA gene PCR was positive for 39 samples (7...
June 15, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625147/adverse-drug-reactions-related-to-drug-administration-in-hospitalized-patients
#9
Luca Gallelli, Antonio Siniscalchi, Caterina Palleria, Laura Mumoli, Orietta Staltari, Aida Squillace, Francesca Maida, Emilio Russo, Santo Gratteri, Giovambattista De Sarro
INTRODUCTION: Drug treatment may be related with the development of adverse drug reactions (ADRs). AIM: Here, we evaluated the ADRs in patients admitted to Catanzaro Hospital. METHODS: After we obtained the approval by local Ethical Committee, we performed a retrospective study on clinical records from March 01, 2013 to April30, 2015. The association between drug and ADR or between drug and drug-drug-interactions (DDIs) was evaluated using the Naranjo's probability scale and Drug Interaction Probability Scale (DIPS), respectively...
June 15, 2017: Current Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617841/height-diameter-allometry-and-above-ground-biomass-in-tropical-montane-forests-insights-from-the-albertine-rift-in-africa
#10
Gérard Imani, Faustin Boyemba, Simon Lewis, Nsharwasi Léon Nabahungu, Kim Calders, Louis Zapfack, Bernard Riera, Clarisse Balegamire, Aida Cuni-Sanchez
Tropical montane forests provide an important natural laboratory to test ecological theory. While it is well-known that some aspects of forest structure change with altitude, little is known on the effects of altitude on above ground biomass (AGB), particularly with regard to changing height-diameter allometry. To address this we investigate (1) the effects of altitude on height-diameter allometry, (2) how different height-diameter allometric models affect above ground biomass estimates; and (3) how other forest structural, taxonomic and environmental attributes affect above ground biomass using 30 permanent sample plots (1-ha; all trees ≥ 10 cm diameter measured) established between 1250 and 2600 m asl in Kahuzi Biega National Park in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617836/molecular-diversity-and-frequency-of-the-diarrheagenic-enteric-protozoan-giardia-duodenalis-and-cryptosporidium-spp-in-a-hospital-setting-in-northern-spain
#11
José Manuel Azcona-Gutiérrez, Aida de Lucio, Marta Hernández-de-Mingo, Concepción García-García, Luis Miguel Soria-Blanco, Lucía Morales, María Aguilera, Isabel Fuentes, David Carmena
BACKGROUND: Human giardiosis and cryptosporidiosis are caused by the enteric protozoan parasites Giardia duodenalis and Cryptosporidium spp. Both pathogens are major contributors to the global burden of diarrhoeal disease, affecting primarily children and immunodebilitated individuals in resource-poor settings. Giardiosis and cryptosporidiosis also represent an important, often underestimate, public health threat in developed countries. In Spain only limited information is currently available on the epidemiology of these infections...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616700/evaluation-of-irradiation-effects-of-near-infrared-free-electron-laser-of-silver-alloy-for-dental-application
#12
Takao Kuwada-Kusunose, Alisa Kusunose, Masanobu Wakami, Chikako Takebayashi, Haruhiko Goto, Masahiro Aida, Takeshi Sakai, Keisuke Nakao, Kyoko Nogami, Manabu Inagaki, Ken Hayakawa, Kunihiro Suzuki, Toshiro Sakae
In the application of lasers in dentistry, there is a delicate balance between the benefits gained from laser treatment and the heat-related damage arising from laser irradiation. Hence, it is necessary to understand the different processes associated with the irradiation of lasers on dental materials. To obtain insight for the development of a safe and general-purpose laser for dentistry, the present study examines the physical effects associated with the irradiation of a near-infrared free-electron laser (FEL) on the surface of a commonly used silver dental alloy...
June 14, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616435/impact-of-pharmacist-intervention-on-appropriate-insulin-pen-use-in-older-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-rural-area-in-iran
#13
Aida Sefidani Forough, Parsa Riazi Esfahani
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of pharmacist-conducted educational intervention on reducing errors related to inappropriate insulin pen use. METHODS: This was a prospective, before-after study with an educational intervention component. The study was conducted on 122 elderly diabetic patients. Data were collected through interviews using researcher-administered questionnaires as well as patients' medical records. Patients were asked about the preparation, injection, and storage techniques, they followed when using insulin pens...
April 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611923/a-novel-ube2a-mutation-causes-x-linked-intellectual-disability-type-nascimento
#14
Yoshinori Tsurusaki, Ikuko Ohashi, Yumi Enomoto, Takuya Naruto, Jun Mitsui, Noriko Aida, Kenji Kurosawa
X-linked intellectual disability (ID) type Nascimento (MIM #300860), also known as ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2 A (UBE2A) deficiency syndrome, is a congenital malformation syndrome characterized by moderate to severe ID, speech impairment, dysmorphic facial features, genital anomalies and skin abnormalities. Here, we report a Japanese patient with severe ID and congenital cataract. We identified a novel hemizygous mutation (c.76G>A, p.Gly26Arg) in UBE2A by whole-exome sequencing.
2017: Human Genome Variation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610767/disseminated-infection-due-to-mycobacterium-bovis-after-intravesical-instilaltion-of-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin
#15
Sagrario María Santos Seoane, Vanesa Diaz García, María Eugenia Rivas Carmenado, Aida Fernández Pantiga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 10, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609980/a-new-species-and-taxonomical-notes-on-some-other-i-catocala-i-schrank-1802-lepidoptera-erebidae-from-china
#16
Aidas Saldaitis, Oleg Pekarsky, Robert J Borth
A new species, Catocala nilssoni, sp. n., from the Liaoning and Shandong Provinces of northeast China is described. The new species clearly differs in wing pattern and genitalia from any other Catocala species. DNA results for one specimen of the new species further confirms its morphological exclusivity. Actual Catocala danilovi (O. Bang-Haas, 1927) male genitalia is pictured for the first time and the taxonomical status of the related Catocala florianii Saldaitis & Ivinskis, 2008 is discussed.
April 12, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609868/the-taxonomy-of-catocala-nupta-linnaeus-1767-and-its-allies-with-description-of-a-new-species-lepidoptera-noctuidae
#17
Robert J Borth, Hugo L Kons, Aidas Saldaitis, Lawrence F Gall
The taxonomy of the Catocala nupta (L.), 1757 complex is analyzed using corresponding characters of the male genitalia, wing pattern, and COI 5' mitochondrial DNA, and is presently found to contain only two additional species: Catocala concubia Walker, [1858], and a new species Catocala benedeki described herein. Three new lectotypes are designated, and 12 status changes for existing names are introduced (10 new synonyms, 2 revised statuses).
May 9, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608051/clinical-evaluation-of-zirconia-based-all-ceramic-single-crowns-an-up-to-12-year-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Shoko Miura, Shin Kasahara, Shinobu Yamauchi, Yayoi Okuyama, Akio Izumida, Jun Aida, Hiroshi Egusa
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the incidence of clinical complications with tooth-supported zirconia-based all-ceramic single crowns and identify pertinent risk parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study (May 2004 to April 2016) utilizing clinical records of patients receiving yttrium-oxide-partially stabilized zirconia (Y-TZP)-based all-ceramic crowns placed at Tohoku University Hospital was performed. The length of time of treatment success (complication event-free) and restoration survival (including minor complication events and remaining clinically functional) were estimated using Kaplan-Meier analysis...
June 12, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605598/dental-status-and-compression-of-life-expectancy-with-disability
#19
Y Matsuyama, J Aida, R G Watt, T Tsuboya, S Koyama, Y Sato, K Kondo, K Osaka
This study examined whether the number of teeth contributes to the compression of morbidity, measured as a shortening of life expectancy with disability, an extension of healthy life expectancy, and overall life expectancy. A prospective cohort study was conducted. A self-reported baseline survey was given to 126,438 community-dwelling older people aged ≥65 y in Japan in 2010, and 85,161 (67.4%) responded. The onset of functional disability and all-cause mortality were followed up for 1,374 d (follow-up rate = 96...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605019/the-late-neandertal-permanent-lower-left-third-premolar-from-walou-cave-trooz-belgium-and-its-context
#20
Michel Toussaint, Christine Verna, Adeline Le Cabec, Aida Gómez-Robles, Christelle Draily, Michael P Richards, Stéphane Pirson
OBJECTIVES: We describe a hominin permanent lower left third premolar unearthed in 1997 at Walou Cave (Belgium), found in direct association with a Mousterian lithic industry, in a layer directly dated to 40-38,000 years BP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The taxonomical attribution of the tooth is addressed through comparative morphometric analyses, and stable isotope analyses aimed at determining the diet of the individual. RESULTS: The Walou P3 plots within the Neandertal range of variation and is significantly different from recent modern humans in all morphometric assessments...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
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