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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927081/application-of-pirarubicin-photosensitizer-fluorescence-cystoscopy-in-early-detection-of-bladder-cancer
#1
Bo Jiang, Yang Dong, Houguang He, Conghui Han
The aim of this study was to investigate the value of pirarubicin (THP) photosensitizer fluorescence cystoscopy for the early diagnosis of bladder cancer. From January 2012 to June 2015, 25 patients with painless gross hematuria, were injected with THP 15 min prior to surgery and subsequently underwent fluorescence cystoscopy examination. Locations of tumors were recorded and biopsies were performed (total of 109 biopsies) under white and fluorescence light guidance. Biopsies were conducted at the THP-positive and -negative areas under white light and THP-positive areas under fluorescence light...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926732/multifunctional-mesoporous-zro2-encapsulated-upconversion-nanoparticles-for-mild-nir-light-activated-synergistic-cancer-therapy
#2
Lili Feng, Shili Gai, Fei He, Yunlu Dai, Chongna Zhong, Piaoping Yang, Jun Lin
Desirable nanosystem that could not only deliver drugs safely and effectively into tumor sites, but also be expected to serve as photosensitizer to realize the photodynamic therapeutic function, would be of great significance in the synergistic cancer therapy. To perform this task, a multifunctional nanosystem has been developed for markedly enhanced cancer therapeutic efficacy by loading chemotherapy agent (doxorubicin hydrochloride, DOX) and photosensitive drug chlorin e6 (Ce6) into the channels of mesoporous zirconium dioxide (ZrO2) layer which coats on Nd(3+)-doped upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs)...
September 13, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923598/testicular-atrophy-and-reproductive-quiescence-in-photorefractory-and-scotosensitive-quail-involvement-of-hypothalamic-deep-brain-photoreceptors-and-gnrh-gnih-system
#3
Somanshu Banerjee, Chandra Mohini Chaturvedi
Birds time their daily and seasonal activities in synchronization with circadian and annual periodicities in the environment, which is mainly provided by changes in photoperiod/day length conditions. Photoperiod appears to act at the level of eye, pineal and encephalic/deep brain photoperception and thus entrain the hypothalamic clock as well as reproductive circuitry in different avian species. In this article our focus of study is to elucidate out the underlying molecular mechanism of modulation of the hypothalamic reproductive circuitry following the photoperception through the hypothalamic photoreceptor cells and the subsequent alteration in the reproductive responses in quail, kept under different simulated photoperiodic conditions...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923402/synergistic-chemo-photodynamic-therapy-by-big-small-combo-nanoparticles-sequential-release-system
#4
Li Fan, Saisai Zhao, Xin Jin, Yongsheng Zhang, Chaojun Song, Hong Wu
Chemo-photodynamic combination has been manifested great potential for synergistic cancer therapy. Moreover, the synergistic efficacy could be significantly enhanced by well designed sequential release manner of photosensitizers (PSs). Here we propose a "Big & small combo nanoparticles (NPbig&small)" system for double loading PSs methylene blue (MB) and single absorbing chemotherapeutics drug Gemcitabine hydrochloride (GM(.)HCl). The "grown-in" MB from NPbig&small show two-peak sequential release profile, significantly improve the absorbed chemo therapeutic efficacy of GM(...
September 15, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922485/novel-3d-semiconducting-open-frameworks-based-on-cuprous-bromides-with-visible-light-driven-photocatalytic-properties
#5
Xiao-Wu Lei, Cheng-Yang Yue, Jun-Chao Wei, Rui-Qing Li, Fu-Qi Mi, Yan Li, Lu Gao, Quan-Xiu Liu
Visible light driven photocatalysts based on crystalline microporous metal halogenides received much less attention compared with dense or composite oxide semiconductors. Using the well-known photosensitive transition metal-complexes [TM(2,2-bipy)3 ](2+) (TM=Fe, Co, Ni, Ru) as templates, a special three-dimensional (3D) metal halogenide framework of [TM(2,2-bipy)3 ]Cu4 Br6 was designed with [Cu4 Br4 ] cluster as 4-connected node. These microporous materials feature narrow band gaps and stable visible light driven photocatalytic properties including water reduction to provide H2 and photodegradation of organic pollutants...
August 9, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920666/a-softoxometalate-k6-5cu-oh-8-5-h2o-7-5-0-5-k3pw12o40-n-n-1348-2024-as-an-efficient-inorganic-material-for-co2-reduction-with-concomitant-water-oxidation
#6
Santu Das, Saurabh Kumar, Somenath Garai, Ramudu Pochamoni, Shounik Paul, Soumyajit Roy
An immediate challenge for chemists is to devise different methods to trap chemical energy using light by reduction of carbon dioxide to a transportable fuel. To reach this goal the major obstacle lies in finding a suitable material that is abundant and possesses catalytic power to effect such reduction reaction and perform this reduction reaction without using any external photosensitizer. Here we report first time a softoxometalate, based on {[K6.5Cu(OH)8.5(H2O)7.5]0.5[K3PW12O40]} metal oxide framework which is stable in reaction condition that effectively performs photochemical CO2 reduction reaction in water with a very high turnover number of 613 and TOF of 47...
September 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919756/polymeric-mixed-micelles-loaded-mitoxantrone-for-overcoming-multidrug-resistance-in-breast-cancer-via-photodynamic-therapy
#7
Zeyong Li, Yuee Cai, Yiqiao Zhao, Hua Yu, Haiyu Zhou, Meiwan Chen
Mitoxantrone (MIT) is an anticancer agent with photosensitive properties that is commonly used in various cancers. Multidrug resistance (MDR) effect has been an obstacle to using MIT for cancer therapy. Photochemical internalization, on account of photodynamic therapy, has been applied to improve the therapeutic effect of cancers with MDR effect. In this study, an MIT-poly(ε-caprolactone)-pluronic F68-poly(ε-caprolactone)/poly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide)-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide) (MIT-PFP/PPP) mixed micelles system was applied to reverse the effect of MDR in MCF-7/ADR cells via photochemical reaction when exposed to near-infrared light...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918670/ph-sensitive-metal-phenolic-network-capsules-for-targeted-photodynamic-therapy-against-cancer-cells
#8
Yuanqing Wei, Zhenzhen Wei, Peicheng Luo, Wei Wei, Songqin Liu
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an effective and promising method for cancer treatment, which is proposed for more than one century. However, the specific delivery of photosensitizer to target carcinoma cells to reduce the side effect is still a great challenge. This work provides a strategy to deliver photosensitizers to cancer cells by utilizing pH-sensitive polyethylene glycol metal-phenolic network (PEG-MPN) capsules to encapsulate haematoporphyrin monomethyl ether (HMME). With the assistance of folic acid (FA), HMME-doped PEG-MPN capsules (MPN@HMMEs) accumulate in carcinoma cells selectively followed by releasing HMME in the lysosomes because of the physiologically relevant acidic pH environment...
September 18, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918228/primary-photosensitization-and-contact-dermatitis-caused-by-malachra-fasciata-jacq-n-v-malvaceae-in-sheep
#9
Valber Onofre de Araújo, Temístocles Soares Oliveira Neto, Sara Vilar Dantas Simões, Thatyana Kelly Ferreira da Silva, Franklin Riet-Correa, Ricardo Barbosa Lucena
Farmers from Paraiba state, Northeast Brazil, claim that Malachra fasciata causes cutaneous lesions in sheep. To test its toxicity the plant was harvested daily and fed ad libitum for 21 days to 3 sheep as the sole food source (# 1-3). An additional sheep (# 4) was maintained as a control. Cutaneous lesions of photosensitization initiated after 7 days and increased continuously over the next 21 days. The dose ingested varied between 129 g/kg to 175 g/kg. Alopecia, hyperemia and crusting were observed in the animals...
September 14, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918177/photodynamic-therapy-in-oral-potentially-malignant-disorders-critical-literature-review-of-existing-protocols
#10
REVIEW
Jéssica Araújo Figueira, Vanessa Cristina Veltrini
INTRODUCTION: Oral cancer is a serious public health issue. Apart from its high rate of prevalence, incidence and mortality, it can often result in more complex and expensive treatment when diagnosed late. Potentially malignant disorders (PMDs) can precede oral cancer, and are usually treated by surgical excision. However, in many cases patients are elderly and multiple interventions may be required. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a simple alternative, which has been successfully used in the treatment of oral PMDs...
September 13, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917810/nano-hemoglobin-film-based-sextet-state-biomemory-device-by-cross-linked-photosensitive-hapten-monomer
#11
Remziye Güzel, Arzu Ersöz, Recep Ziyadanoğulları, Rıdvan Say
In this study, a biomemory device, consisting of hemoglobin (Hb) cross-linked by MACys-Ru(bipyr)2-MACys) photosensitive monomer cross-linkers, which have memory effect through both Ru(3+/2+) in hapten monomer and Fe(3+/2+) in redox active center of Hb through multi-charge transfer mechanism, has been improved. Cyclic voltammetry (CV) has been used to determine the redox property of the Hb cross-linked MACys-Ru(bipyr)2-MACys) hapten. Three memory functions, writing, reading and erasing of the fabricated biomemory device, have been accomplished by chronoamperometry (CA) and open-circuit potential amperometry (OCPA)...
January 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916141/in-vivo-multimodal-tumor-imaging-and-photodynamic-therapy-with-novel-theranostic-agents-based-on-the-porphyrazine-framework-chelated-gadolinium-iii-cation
#12
Diana V Yuzhakova, Svetlana A Lermontova, Ilya S Grigoryev, Maria S Muravieva, Alena I Gavrina, Marina V Shirmanova, Irina V Balalaeva, Larisa G Klapshina, Elena V Zagaynova
BACKGROUND: A promising strategy for cancer diagnosis and therapy is the development of an agent for multimodal imaging and treatment. In the present paper we report on two novel multifunctional agents prepared on the porphyrazine pigment platform using a gadolinium (III) cation chelated by red-fluorescent tetrapyrrole macrocycles (GdPz1 and GdPz2). METHODS: Spectral and magnetic properties of the compounds were analyzed. Monitoring of GdPz1 and GdPz2 accumulation in the murine colon carcinoma CT26 was performed in vivo using fluorescence imaging and MRI...
September 12, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915492/enhancement-of-5-aminolevulinic-acid-phototoxicity-by-encapsulation-in-polysaccharides-based-nanocomplexes-for-photodynamic-therapy-application
#13
Antonio Di Martino, Alena Pavelkova, Pavel S Postnikov, Vladimir Sedlarik
Polysaccharides based nanocomplexes have been developed for encapsulation, controlled delivery and to enhance the phototoxicity of the photosensitizer 5-aminolevulinic acid for application in photodynamic therapy. The nanocomplexes were prepared by coacervation in a solvent free environment using chitosan as polycation while alginic and polygalacturonic acid as polyanions. The complexes showed average dimension in the range 90-120nm, good stability in simulated physiological media and high drug encapsulation efficiency, up to 800μg per mg of carrier...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915410/aiegens-for-biological-process-monitoring-and-disease-theranostics
#14
REVIEW
Xinggui Gu, Ryan T K Kwok, Jacky W Y Lam, Ben Zhong Tang
Biological processes are of great significance for the normal physiological functions of living organisms and closely related to the health. Monitoring of biological processes and diagnosis of diseases based on fluorescent techniques would provide comprehensive insight into mechanism of life and pathogenesis of diseases, precisely guiding therapeutic effect in theranostics. It largely relied on fluorophores with the properties of excellent photostability, large Stokes shift, high signal-to-noise ratio and free of aggregation-caused quenching (ACQ) effect...
September 4, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914323/the-spectroscopic-impact-of-interactions-with-the-four-gouterman-orbitals-from-peripheral-decoration-of-porphyrins-with-simple-electron-withdrawing-and-donating-groups
#15
Angel Zhang, Lydia Kwan, Martin J Stillman
Tetrapyrroles are of great interest for solar cell and photodynamic therapy applications due to their structural analogy with chlorophyll, a natural photosensitizer. Unsubstituted symmetric porphyrins exhibit weak absorption in the red region which makes them unsuitable for these applications. The push-pull peripheral decoration modifies the energies of the frontier molecular orbitals, which in turn influences the tetrapyrrole's spectroscopic properties. The absorption, magnetic circular dichroism, and emission spectra were measured for four zinc tetratolylporphyrin compounds substituted peripherally with a fused dimethoxybenzo group as an electron withdrawing group (EWG) on one pyrrole and on the opposite pyrrole, a single acetamido (1), a nitro (2), a proton (3), or a benzoylamino (4) substituent...
September 15, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914322/harnessing-sunlight-without-a-photosensitizer-for-highly-efficient-consecutive-3-2-4-2-annulation-to-synthesize-fused-benzobicyclic-skeletons
#16
Nengneng Zhou, Yixiang Cheng, Jin Xie, Chengjian Zhu
A photosensitizer-free, highly efficient sunlight-promoted tandem [3+2]/[4+2] annulation of unsaturated α-bromocarbonyls with o-alkynylanilines was developed, and allowed for convenient synthesis of fused benzobicyclic skeletons. The reaction was clean and practical in mild conditions and showed excellent functional group compatibility.
September 15, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913666/quantitative-modeling-of-the-dynamics-and-intracellular-trafficking-of-far-red-light-activatable-prodrugs-implications-in-stimuli-responsive-drug-delivery-system
#17
Mengjie Li, Pritam Thapa, Pallavi Rajaputra, Moses Bio, Cody J Peer, William D Figg, Youngjae You, Sukyung Woo
The combination of photodynamic therapy (PDT) with anti-tumor agents is a complimentary strategy to treat local cancers. We developed a unique photosensitizer (PS)-conjugated paclitaxel (PTX) prodrug in which a PS is excited by near-infrared wavelength light to site-specifically release PTX while generating singlet oxygen (SO) to effectively kill cancer cells with both PTX and SO. The aim of the present study was to identify the determinants influencing the combined efficacy of this light-activatable prodrug, especially the bystander killing effects from released PTX...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910676/porous-nh2-mil-125-as-an-efficient-nano-platform-for-drug-delivery-imaging-and-ros-therapy-utilized-low-intensity-visible-light-exposure-system
#18
Arunkumar Rengaraj, Pillaiyar Puthiaraj, Nam-Su Heo, Hoomin Lee, Seung Kyu Hwang, Soonjo Kwon, Wha-Seung Ahn, Yun-Suk Huh
Metal-organic frameworks are a novel class of organic-inorganic hybrid polymer with potential applications in bioimaging, drug delivery, and ROS therapy. NH2-MIL-125, which is a titanium-based metal organic framework with a large surface area of 1540m(2)/g, was synthesized using a hydrothermal method. The material was characterized by powder X-ray diffreaction (PXRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and N2 isotherm analyses. The size of the polymer was reduced to the nanoscale using a high-frequency sonication process...
September 6, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910447/orexin-a-suppresses-signal-transmission-to-dopaminergic-amacrine-cells-from-outer-and-inner-retinal-photoreceptors
#19
Sheng-Nan Qiao, Wei Zhou, Lei-Lei Liu, Dao-Qi Zhang, Yong-Mei Zhong
Purpose: The neuropeptides orexin-A and orexin-B are widely expressed in the vertebrate retina; however, their role in visual function is unclear. This study investigates whether and how orexins modulate signal transmission to dopaminergic amacrine cells (DACs) from both outer retinal photoreceptors (rods and cones) and inner retinal photoreceptors (melanopsin-expressing intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells [ipRGCs]). Methods: A whole-cell voltage-clamp technique was used to record light-induced responses from genetically labeled DACs in flat-mount mouse retinas...
September 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906514/anionic-cyclometallated-pt-ii-square-planar-complexes-new-sets-of-highly-luminescent-compounds
#20
Loredana Ricciardi, Massimo La Deda, Andreea Ionescu, Nicolas Godbert, Iolinda Aiello, Mauro Ghedini
Two series of novel NBu4(+) salts of anionic cyclometallated Pt(ii) complexes were synthesized and fully characterized. These highly luminescent compounds (NBu4[(C^N)Pt(O^N)] and NBu4[(C^N)Pt(O^O)]) are incorporated as testing examples of cyclometallating ligands 2-phenylpyridine (PhPy), 2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-pyridine (F2PhPy) and 2-thienylpyridine (ThPy), and a benzo[h]quinoline (Bzq) fragment. All complexes display a square-planar coordination sphere, wherein the "(C^N)Pt" fragment is completed either by an O^N orotate (Ort) or an O^O tetrabromocatecholate (Cat) ligand...
September 14, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
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