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Jialiang Liang, Fuyang Liu, Mian Li, Wen Liu, Meiping Tong
Magnetic Fe3 O4 @BiOI@AgI (FBA) spheres were synthesized through a multi-step process. The fabricated photocatalysts were characterized by different techniques. To testify the visible light driven photocatalytic activity of FBA, Rhodamine B and Bisphenol A were chosen as model common and emerging organic contaminants, respectively. While, gram-negative strain Escherichia coli was selected as model waterborne bacteria. The results showed that under visible light irradiation, FBA contained strong photocatalytic degradation capacity towards both RhB and BPA...
March 10, 2018: Water Research
Isabel Aparici-Espert, Miguel A Miranda, Virginie Lhiaubet-Vallet
Photosensitization by drugs is a problem of increasing importance in modern life. This phenomenon occurs when a chemical substance in the skin is exposed to sunlight. Photosensitizing drugs are reported to cause severe skin dermatitis, and indeed, it is generally advised to avoid sunbathing and to apply sunscreen. In this context, the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) diclofenac is a photosensitive drug, especially when administered in topical form. In this work, efforts have been made to design and study an innovative pro-drug/pro-filter system containing diclofenac and the UVA filter avobenzone in order to develop a safer use of this topical drug...
March 16, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Naoaki Rikihisa, Mai Tominaga, Shoji Watanabe, Nobuyuki Mitsukawa, Yoshiaki Saito, Hiromi Sakai
Our previous study proposed using artificial blood cells (hemoglobin vesicles, Hb-Vs) as photosensitizers in dye laser treatment for port-wine stains (PWSs). Dye laser photons are absorbed by red blood cells (RBCs) and hemoglobin (Hb) mixture, which potentially produce more heat and photocoagulation and effectively destroy endothelial cells. Hb-Vs combination therapy will improve clinical outcomes of dye laser treatment for PWSs because very small vessels do not contain sufficient RBCs and they are poor absorbers/heaters of lasers...
March 15, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
G K Selikhanov, M S Fando, M V Dontsova, A G Gabdulkhakov
This review contains recent data on serial femtosecond X-ray crystallography (SFX), based on a femtosecond X-ray free electron laser, as well as, on the possibilities of its application for studying photosensitive proteins. Development of this method began rather recently, and it has already shown its effectiveness and some unique advantages over conventional X-ray structural analysis. This technology is especially promising for structural studies of membrane proteins and for kinetic studies. The main principle of the method, the possibility of its application in structural biology, its advantages and disadvantages, as well as its prospects for further development are analyzed in this review...
January 2018: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
Yuqing Dong, Guorui Jin, Yuan Hong, Hongyuan Zhu, Tianjian Lu, Feng Xu, Dan Bai, Min Lin
In vivo, cells are located in a dynamic, three-dimensional (3D) cell microenvironment, and various biomaterials have been used to engineer 3D cell microenvironments in vitro to study the effects of the cell microenvironment on the regulation of cell fate. However, conventional hydrogels can only mimic the static cell microenvironment without any synchronous regulations. Therefore, novel hydrogels that are capable of responding to specific stimuli (e.g., light, temperature, pH, and magnetic and electrical stimulations) have emerged as versatile platforms to precisely mimic the dynamic native 3D cell microenvironment...
March 14, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
James J Leyden, Vilma Sniukiene, David R Berk, Alexandre Kaoukhov
BACKGROUND: There is a need for new oral antibiotics for acne with improved safety profiles and targeted antibacterial spectra. Sarecycline is a novel, tetracycline-class antibiotic specifically designed for acne, offering a narrow spectrum of activity compared with currently available tetracyclines, including less activity against enteric Gram-negative bacteria. This phase 2 study evaluated the efficacy and safety of three doses of sarecycline for moderate to severe facial acne vulgaris...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
H Nassan, R S Dawe, H Moseley, S H Ibbotson
Background The Scottish Photobiology Service is the national referral pathway for patients with cutaneous photosensitivity diseases in Scotland. We reviewed the pattern of diagnosis of photosensitivity diseases and investigations performed between 1989 and 2015. Methods and Results Data were collected from the Photodiagnostic Database, annual reports and paper records. The total number of patients assessed each year was stable over the period studied (median 242 [range 231-266]), with most being new patients (median 69 [range 62-73]%)...
December 2017: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
Meng-Hua Wang, You-Cai Hu, Bing-Da Sun, Meng Yu, Shu-Bin Niu, Zhe Guo, Xiao-Yan Zhang, Tao Zhang, Gang Ding, Zhong-Mei Zou
The highly photosensitive characteristic of poly-sulfide chetomins was first unveiled, and four new unstable analogues, chetomins A-D (1-4), with significant cytotoxicity were successfully purified in darkness. The visible-light-induced desulfurization and intermolecular disproportionation were revealed to initiate the interconversion of chetomin analogues, which explained the long-recognized puzzle of rarity and instability of chetomin analogues.
March 14, 2018: Organic Letters
Darika Saitawee, Aroon Teerakapong, Noppawan Phumala Morales, Paiboon Jitprasertwong, Doosadee Hormdee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Curcumin, one of an established curcuminoid substances extracted from Curcuma longa, has been used as a photosensitizer (PS) in photodynamic therapy (PDT). Curcuminoid substances has been reported to have benefits in treating dental chronic infection and inflammation diseases, such as chronic periodontitis. The purpose of this study was to find the optimum concentration of Curcuma longa (CL) extract, containing all curcuminoid substances, and the power density of blue light (BL) in photodynamic therapy against periodontally pathogenic bacteria, A...
March 10, 2018: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Bunpei Katayama, Toshiyuki Ozawa, Kuniyuki Morimoto, Kunio Awazu, Nobuhisa Ito, Norihiro Honda, Naoki Oiso, Daisuke Tsuruta
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) frequently develops antibiotic-resistant characteristics, which is clinically problematic. The main reason behind the rise of antibiotic-resistant PA is the extensive use of antibiotics. Therefore, a novel technique is needed to treat PA infections. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is thought to have the potential to be a non-antibiotic treatment for infections. 5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA), which works as a photosensitizer after being metabolized into protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) in the heme synthetic pathway, is used for PDT...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Science
Wentao Huang, Yen-Hung Lin, Thomas D Anthopoulos
Combining high charge carrier mobility with ambipolar transport in light-absorbing organic semiconductors is highly desirable as it leads to enhanced charge photogeneration, and hence improved performance, in various optoelectronic devices including solar cells and photodetectors. Here we report the development of [6,6]-phenyl-C61 -butyric acid methyl ester (PC61 BM)-based ultraviolet (UV) phototransistors with balanced electron and hole transport characteristics. The latter is achieved by fine-tuning the source-drain electrode work function using a self-assembled monolayer...
March 13, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Marvin Pollum, Minh Lam, Steffen Jockusch, Carlos E Crespo-Hernández
Sulfur-substituted nucleobases (i.e. thiobases) are a prospective class of compounds for clinical and cosmetic topical phototherapies. Recent investigations of several thiobases have revealed the ultrafast and efficient population of reactive triplet states upon UVA irradiation and the subsequent generation of singlet oxygen in high yield. In this contribution, we examine the photosensitizing activities of three of the most promising thiobase derivatives discovered to date, 2,4-dithiothymine, 2,4-dithiouracil, and 2,6-dithiopurine...
March 12, 2018: ChemMedChem
Huijun Tian, Qiaoli Liu, Anqi Hu, Xiaoying He, Zonghai Hu, Xia Guo
In this work, we explore the possibility of using hybrid graphene/GaN phototransistors to get high responsivity, high speed, and large photosensitive area. The responsivity of our hybrid graphene/GaN phototransistors with a relatively large 15.2 mm2 active area reaches 361 mA/W at 10 V and the response time is ~5 ms, much better performance than traditional GaN photodetectors. This is because graphene acts as the carrier transport channel with a high mobility and greatly increases the charge collection efficiency...
March 5, 2018: Optics Express
Davide Caputo, Marina Trivisano, Federico Vigevano, Lucia Fusco
CHD2 gene has been described in association with different types of childhood myoclonic epilepsy and is emerging as a gene involved in photosensitivity alone or combined with epilepsy. Recent studies suggest that CHD2 could be responsible for a proper phenotype characterized by infantile-onset generalized epilepsy, intellectual disability, and photosensitivity and in particular with self-induced seizures. We report the case of a child with CHD2 mutation and mild developmental impairment that since the age of 3 years started with myoclonic seizures apparently well responding to antiepileptic drugs and that subsequently developed intractable self-induced seizures...
March 3, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Wen-Wen Yong, Huan Lu, Han Li, Shu Wang, Ming-Tian Zhang
Artificial photosynthesis is a chemical process that seeks to capture energy from sunlight to produce solar fuels. Light absorption by a robust and efficient photosensitizer is one of the key steps in solar energy conversion. However, common photosensitizers, including [Ru(bpy)3]2+, remain far from the ideal. In this work, we exploited the performance of conjugated polymers (CPs) as photosensitizers in photodriven hydrogen evolution in aqueous solution (pH 6). Interestingly, CPs, such as poly(fluorene-co-phenylene) derivative (PFP, 429 mmolH2•gCP-1•h-1), exhibit steady and high reactivity towards hydrogen evolution; this performance can rival that of a phosphonated [Ru(bpy)3]2+ (RuP) under the same conditions, indicating that CPs are promising metal-free photosensitizers for future application in photocatalysis...
March 12, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
A Bakkar, F Lafolet, D Roldan, E Puyoo, D Jouvenot, G Royal, E Saint-Aman, S Cobo
Photochromic coordination polymers, based on zinc(ii) bis-terpyridine-appended dimethyldihydropyrene building blocks, have been synthesized following stepwise synthesis on a surface yielding photo-switchable molecular junctions. Under irradiation, reversible structural changes occur by the isomerization of the photosensitive units, thus inducing conductance switching of the molecular junctions with a good reproducibility.
March 12, 2018: Nanoscale
Juan G Yañuk, M Paula Denofrio, Federico A O Rasse-Suriani, Fernando D Villarruel, Federico Fassetta, Fernando S García Einschlag, Rosa Erra-Balsells, Bernd Epe, Franco M Cabrerizo
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an emerging clinical treatment currently being used against a wide range of both cancerous and noncancerous diseases. The search for new active photosensitizers as well as the development of novel selective delivery systems are the major challenges faced in the application of PDT. We investigated herein three chloroharmine derivatives (6-, 8- and 6,8-dichloroharmines) with quite promising intrinsic photochemical tunable properties and their ability to photoinduce DNA damage in order to elucidate the underlying photochemical mechanisms...
March 12, 2018: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Dan Yang, Guixin Yang, Qianqian Sun, Shili Gai, Fei He, Yunlu Dai, Chongna Zhong, Piaoping Yang
The use of visible light to produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) from renewable water splitting is a highly promising means in photodynamic therapy (PDT). Up to date, diverse inorganic-organic hybrid materials developed as photosensitizers still undergo low therapeutic efficiency and/or poor stability. Herein, a kind of carbon-nanodot-decorated TiO2 nanotubes (CDots/TiO2 NTs) composite is developed and applied for photodynamic therapy. Upon 650 nm laser light excitation, the emissions with short wavelengths (325-425 nm) from the CDots as a result of upconversion process excite TiO2 NTs to form electron/hole (e- /h+ ) pairs, triggering the reaction with the adsorbed oxidants to produce ROS...
March 12, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Imran Rizvi, Girgis Obaid, Shazia Bano, Tayyaba Hasan, David Kessel
OBJECTIVE: A relatively low level of lysosomal photodamage has been shown capable of promoting the efficacy of photodamage simultaneously or subsequently directed to mitochondrial/ER sites. The procedure has hitherto involved the use of two photosensitizing agents that require irradiation at two different wavelengths and different formulation techniques. This, together with different pharmacokinetic profiles of the photosensitizers, adds a layer of complexity to a protocol that we have sought to circumvent...
March 11, 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Ashish Kumar, Christian Schuerings, Suneel Kumar, Ajay Kumar, Venkata Krishnan
A novel graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3 N4 )-CaTiO3 (CTCN) organic-inorganic heterojunction photocatalyst was synthesized by a facile mixing method, resulting in the deposition of CaTiO3 (CT) nanoflakes onto the surface of g-C3 N4 nanosheets. The photocatalytic activity of the as-synthesized heterojunction (along with the controls) was evaluated by studying the degradation of an aqueous solution of rhodamine B (RhB) under UV, visible and natural sunlight irradiation. The CTCN heterojunction with 1:1 ratio of g-C3 N4 /CT showed the highest photocatalytic activity under sunlight irradiation and was also demonstrated to be effective for the degradation of a colorless, non-photosensitizing pollutant, bisphenol A (BPA)...
2018: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
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