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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822063/mind-body-therapies-in-cancer-what-is-the-latest-evidence
#1
REVIEW
Linda E Carlson, Erin Zelinski, Kirsti Toivonen, Michelle Flynn, Maryam Qureshi, Katherine-Ann Piedalue, Rachel Grant
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Many people living with cancer use complementary therapies, and some of the most popular are mind-body therapies (MBTs), including relaxation and imagery, hypnosis, yoga, meditation, tai chi and qigong, and art therapies. The efficacy of these modalities was reviewed by assessing recent findings in the context of cancer care. RECENT FINDINGS: These therapies show efficacy in treating common cancer-related side effects, including nausea and vomiting, pain, fatigue, anxiety, depressive symptoms and improving overall quality of life...
August 18, 2017: Current Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820516/caregiver-reported-health-outcomes-effects-of-providing-reflexology-for-symptom-management-to-women-with-advanced-breast-cancer
#2
Dawn Frambes, Alla Sikorskii, Irena Tesnjak, Gwen Wyatt, Rebecca Lehto, Barbara Given
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of delivering a reflexology intervention on health outcomes of informal caregivers, and to explore whether intervention effects are moderated by caregiver characteristics. 
. DESIGN: Two-group, randomized clinical trial.
. SETTING: Eight oncology clinics in urban and rural regions of Michigan and Illinois.
. SAMPLE: 180 informal caregivers of patients with advanced breast cancer...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819367/short-term-effectiveness-of-inpatient-cancer-rehabilitation-a-longitudinal-controlled-cohort-study
#3
Maria Ture, Felix Angst, André Aeschlimann, Christoph Renner, Ulrich Schnyder, Nic Zerkiebel, Josef Perseus, Jürgen Barth, Marius Bredell, Chantal Martin Soelch, Heinrich Walt, Josef Jenewein
Background: Inpatient rehabilitation for cancer patients has been demonstrated to improve patients' health related quality of life (HRQoL) effectively. The purpose of this study was to compare changes in general health and HRQoL of cancer patients who were referred to inpatient rehabilitation (IR) with those in two control groups who underwent outpatient management either with advice for inpatient rehabilitation (A(+)) or without (A(-)). Methods: In this naturalistic, longitudinal, controlled cohort study, changes in general health and HRQoL were assessed at either discharge of acute hospital or start of rehabilitation (baseline) and at the follow-up 3 weeks later or end of rehabilitation...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818810/evaluating-quality-of-life-in-epilepsy-the-role-of-screening-for-adverse-drug-effects-depression-and-anxiety
#4
Jean-Arthur Micoulaud-Franchi, Fabrice Bartolomei, Roderick Duncan, Aileen McGonigal
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the contribution of validated screening tools for antiepileptic drug (AED) adverse effects, depression, and anxiety to measure the quality of life (QoL) in people with epilepsy (PWE). METHODS: Patients in a tertiary epilepsy service were screened for quality of life (using QOLIE-31), major depressive disorder (MDD) (NDDI-E), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) (GAD-7), and AED effects (AEP). Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) generalized anxiety disorder module was also performed...
August 14, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816951/effect-of-therapeutic-care-for-treating-fatigue-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-receiving-chemotherapy
#5
Bing Zhang, Jia-Nan Dong, Ping Sun, Chong Feng, Yan-Cui Liu
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of therapeutic care (TC) for fatigue in breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. METHODS: A total of 48 breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy were randomly divided into the intervention group and the control group, with 24 patients in each group. The patients in the intervention group were treated with TC, while the participants in the control group received the sham intervention. The interventions in both groups were for 30 min/d, 3 days weekly for 12 weeks...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816636/the-distress-thermometer-predicts-subjective-but-not-objective-cognitive-complaints-six-months-after-treatment-initiation-in-cancer-patients-receiving-a-curative-cancer-treatment
#6
Michelle Lycke, Tessa Lefebvre, Lies Pottel, Hans Pottel, Lore Ketelaars, Karin Stellamans, Koen Van Eygen, Philippe Vergauwe, Patrick Werbrouck, Laurence Goethals, Patricia Schofield, Tom Boterberg, Philip R Debruyne
OBJECTIVES: Research has indicated that cancer-related cognitive impairments (CRCI) may be influenced by psychosocial factors such as distress, worry and fatigue. Therefore, we aimed to validate the distress thermometer (DT) as a screening tool to detect CRCI six months post treatment initiation in a group of general cancer patients. METHODS: Patients(18 years, n 125) with a histologically confirmed diagnosis of a solid cancer or haematological malignancy, scheduled for a curative treatment, were evaluated at baseline (T0) and six months post-treatment initiation (T1) for CRCI by a neuropsychological assessment including patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs)...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815032/pain-may-be-an-important-factor-to-consider-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients-troubled-by-fatigue
#7
Lars-Petter Jelsness-Jørgensen, Svein-Oskar Frigstad, Bjørn Moum, Tore Grimstad, Randi Opheim, Jørgen Jahnsen, Tomm Bernklev
BACKGROUND: Pain has been associated with fatigue in many chronic diseases, but data are not available for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The aim of this study was to investigate whether fatigue is associated with pain in IBD after adjusting for the relevant covariates. METHODS: Participants were recruited from nine hospitals in the south-eastern and western part of Norway. Socio-demographic variables were self-reported by patients. Disease activity was assessed by disease activity indices and faecal calprotectin...
August 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812455/prognostic-factors-for-change-in-self-reported-anxiety-and-depression-in-spondyloarthritis-patients-data-from-the-population-based-spascania-cohort-from-southern-sweden
#8
Jjl Meesters, S Bergman, E Haglund, Lth Jacobsson, I F Petersson, A Bremander
OBJECTIVES: Anxiety and depression symptoms are more common in patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA) than in the general population. This study describes prognostic factors for change in self-reported anxiety and depression over 2 years in a well-defined SpA cohort. METHOD: In 2009, 3716 adult patients from the SpAScania cohort received a postal questionnaire to assess quality of life (QoL) and physical and mental functioning. A follow-up survey was performed in 2011...
August 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811271/-am-i-normal-the-wishes-of-patients-with-lymphoma-to-compare-their-patient-reported-outcomes-with-those-of-their-peers
#9
Simone Oerlemans, Lindy P Arts, Nicole J Horevoorts, Lonneke V van de Poll-Franse
BACKGROUND: Providing feedback to patients on their patient-reported outcomes (PROs) can help patients in monitoring their functioning and symptoms and may help empower them. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate whether patients with lymphoma wished to receive PRO feedback, including the option to compare their scores with those of their peers, and how this feedback was evaluated. METHODS: We invited 64 patients participating in a lymphoma cohort who were eligible for a follow-up questionnaire and gave them the option to receive PRO feedback...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810979/women-veterans-a-population-at-risk-for-fibromyalgia-the-associations-between-fibromyalgia-symptoms-and-quality-of-life
#10
Rita F D'Aoust, Alicia Gill Rossiter, Amanda Elliott, Ming Ji, Cecile Lengacher, Maureen Groer
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Federal Health Care recently published an executive summary from a round table discussion indicating that active duty and retired female military personnel are at high risk for adverse health outcomes unique to military service including complications related to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), unreported sexual trauma, and musculoskeletal problems. In 2008, the Institute of Medicine began to review, evaluate, and summarize the literature on health outcomes in Gulf War-deployed and found sufficient evidence of a causal relationship with PTSD and suggestive evidence of an association with fibromyalgia (FM)...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810458/cognitive-and-behavioral-coping-in-people-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-an-exploratory-study-searching-for-intervention-targets-for-depressive-symptoms
#11
Vivian Kraaij, Janneke Bik, Nadia Garnefski
The aim of the study was to find relevant coping factors for the development of psychological interventions for people with chronic fatigue syndrome who suffer from depressive symptoms. A total of 30 adults with chronic fatigue syndrome filled in the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire, the COPE and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. The findings suggested that cognitive coping strategies have a stronger influence than behavioral coping strategies on depressive symptoms. Especially, the cognitive coping strategies refocusing positive, positive reappraisal and catastrophizing were of importance...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805568/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-and-exercise-in-nonmotor-symptoms-of-parkinson-s-disease
#12
Indu Subramanian
The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapy in nonmotor symptoms (NMS) for Parkinson disease (PD) is growing worldwide. Well-performed, systematic evidence-based research is largely lacking in this area and many studies include various forms of CAM with small patient numbers and a lack of standardization of the approaches studied. Taichi, Qigong, dance, yoga, mindfulness, acupuncture, and other CAM therapies are reviewed and there is some evidence for the following: Taichi in sleep and PDQ39; dance in cognition, apathy, and a mild trend to improved fatigue; yoga in PDQ39; and acupuncture in depression, PDQ39, and sleep...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805132/evaluation-of-the-decisional-fatigue-scale-among-surrogate-decision-makers-of-the-critically-ill
#13
Ronald L Hickman, Grant A Pignatiello, Sadia Tahir
Intense emotional distress and impaired information processing have been implicated in reducing a surrogate decision maker's ability to formulate informed health care decisions for a critically ill patient. The heightened intensity of negative emotions, mental effort, and impaired judgment is consistent with the manifestation of decision fatigue. The aim of this article is to describe the validity and reliability of the Decision Fatigue Scale (DFS) among surrogate decision makers of the critically ill. A convenience sample of 101 surrogate decision makers were administered the DFS and a battery of psychosocial instruments at two time points...
August 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802776/the-psychosocial-burden-of-psoriatic-arthritis
#14
REVIEW
M Elaine Husni, Joseph F Merola, Sara Davin
OBJECTIVE: To assess the psychosocial impact of psoriatic arthritis (PsA), describe how health-related quality of life (QoL) is affected in patients with PsA, discuss measures used to evaluate the psychosocial impact of PsA, and review studies examining the effect of therapy on QoL. METHODS: A targeted review on the impact of PsA on QoL and the role of tailored psychosocial management in reducing the psychosocial burden of the disease was performed. PubMed literature searches were conducted using the terms PsA, psychosocial burden, QoL, and mood/behavioral changes...
May 20, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802475/integrative-pain-management
#15
REVIEW
Robert Alan Bonakdar
Chronic pain is one of the most common conditions seen in the clinic, and it is often one of the most frustrating for both clinicians and patients. This condition stems from common comorbidities, including depression, insomnia, fatigue, and physical deconditioning, which often create barriers to recovery. In addition, chronic pain has had divergent approaches for treatment, including an overemphasis on analgesia and curative treatments while underemphasizing the biopsychosocial needs of those in pain. This article attempts to provide an initial framework for approaching those in pain and initiating patient-centered options to support improvements in pain, function, and self-care...
September 2017: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799194/comparison-of-sleep-structure-and-psychometric-profiles-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-osteoarthritis-and-healthy-controls
#16
Wai K Yeung, Kevin Morgan, Frank Mckenna
While research indicates that both the macro- and microstructure of sleep may be altered in fibromyalgia syndrome, few studies have controlled for symptom duration or included pain-control participants (i.e. patients with chronic pain and sleep disturbance not associated with fibromyalgia syndrome). A frequently reported alteration found in the sleep microstructure of patients with fibromyalgia syndrome is the alpha-delta sleep anomaly. Although alpha waves have been observed during N3 sleep in healthy individuals, it has been proposed that there is an increase in alpha wave activity during slow-wave sleep in fibromyalgia syndrome...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798798/the-protective-effect-of-salidroside-on-hypoxia-induced-corpus-cavernosum-smooth-muscle-cell-phenotypic-transformation
#17
Xiang Zhang, Jian-Feng Zhao, Fan Zhao, Jun-Feng Yan, Fan Yang, Xiao-Jun Huang, Gang Chen, Hui-Ying Fu, Bo-Dong Lv
Salidroside, a major active ingredient isolated from Rhodiola rosea, has a long application in Chinese medical history. It has widely demonstrated effects on fatigue, psychological stress, and depression and exhibits potential antihypoxia activity. Emerging evidence shows that hypoxia is an important independent risk factor for erectile dysfunction (ED). The aim of this study was to clarify the effect of salidroside on hypoxia-induced phenotypic transformation of corpus cavernosum smooth muscle cells (CCSMCs)...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797869/association-of-inflammatory-cytokines-with-the-symptom-cluster-of-pain-fatigue-depression-and-sleep-disturbance-in-chinese-patients-with-cancer
#18
Yan-Bo Ji, Chun-Lu Bo, Xiu-Juan Xue, En-Ming Weng, Guang-Chao Gao, Bei-Bei Dai, Kai-Wen Ding, Cui-Ping Xu
CONTEXT: Pain, fatigue, depression, and sleep disturbance are common in patients with cancer and usually co-occur as a symptom cluster. However, the mechanism underlying this symptom cluster is unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify subgroups of cluster symptoms, compare demographic and clinical characteristics between subgroups, and examine the associations between inflammatory cytokines and cluster symptoms. METHODS: Participants were 170 Chinese inpatients with cancer from two tertiary hospitals...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797855/exploring-genetic-attributions-underlying-radiotherapy-induced-fatigue-in-prostate-cancer-patients
#19
Sepehr Hashemi, Juan Luis Fernandez Martinez, Leorey Saligan, Stephen Sonis
CONTEXT: Despite numerous proposed mechanisms, no definitive pathophysiology underlying Radiotherapy-Induced Fatigue (RIF) has been established. However, the dysregulation of a set of 35 genes was recently validated to predict development of fatigue in prostate cancer patients (PCP's) receiving radiotherapy. OBJECTIVES: To hypothesize novel pathways, and provide genetic targets for currently proposed pathways implicated in RIF development through analysis of the previously validated gene set...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797854/why-computerized-adaptive-testing-in-pediatric-brain-tumor-clinics
#20
Jin-Shei Lai, Jennifer L Beaumont, Cindy J Nowinski, David Cella, William F Hartsell, John Han-Chih Chang, Peter E Manley, Stewart Goldman
CONTEXT: Monitoring of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and symptoms of patients with brain tumors is needed yet not always feasible. This is partially due to lack of brief-yet-precise assessments with minimal administration burden that are easily incorporated into clinics. Dynamic computerized adaptive testing (CAT) or static fixed-length short-forms, derived from psychometrically-sound item banks, are designed to fill this void. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the comparability of scores obtained from CATs and short-forms...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
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