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Fatigue depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239767/everyday-cognitive-failure-and-depressive-symptoms-predict-fatigue-in-sarcoidosis-a-prospective-follow-up-study
#1
Celine Hendriks, Marjolein Drent, Willemien De Kleijn, Marjon Elfferich, Petal Wijnen, Jolanda De Vries
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is a major and disabling problem in sarcoidosis. Knowledge concerning correlates of the development of fatigue and possible interrelationships is lacking. OBJECTIVE: A conceptual model of fatigue was developed and tested. METHODS: Sarcoidosis outpatients (n = 292) of Maastricht University Medical Center completed questionnaires regarding trait anxiety, depressive symptoms, cognitive failure, dyspnea, social support, and small fiber neuropathy (SFN) at baseline...
November 20, 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239294/demographics-interests-and-quality-of-life-of-canadian-neurosurgery-residents
#2
Christian Iorio-Morin, Syed Uzair Ahmed, Mark Bigder, Ayoub Dakson, Cameron Elliott, Daipayan Guha, Michelle Kameda-Smith, Pascal Lavergne, Serge Makarenko, Michael S Taccone, Michael K Tso, Bill Wang, Alexander Winkler-Schwartz, David Fortin
BACKGROUND: Neurosurgical residents face a unique combination of challenges, including long duty hours, technically challenging cases, and uncertain employment prospects. We sought to assess the demographics, interests, career goals, self-rated happiness, and overall well-being of Canadian neurosurgery residents. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was developed and sent through the Canadian Neurosurgery Research Collaborative to every resident enrolled in a Canadian neurosurgery program as of April 1, 2016...
December 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239060/prevalence-and-predictors-of-depression-pain-and-fatigue-in-older-versus-younger-adult-cancer-survivors
#3
Lisa A Bevilacqua, Deirdre Dulak, Elizabeth Schofield, Tatiana D Starr, Christian J Nelson, Andrew J Roth, Jimmie C Holland, Yesne Alici
BACKGROUND: As the number of older adults in the United States continues to grow, there will be increasing demands on health care providers to address the needs of this population. Cancer is of particular importance, with over half of all cancer survivors over age 65. In addition, depression, pain, and fatigue are concerns for older adults with cancer and have been linked to poorer physical outcomes. METHODS: For this retrospective chart review, 1012 eligible participants were identified via a query of the Electronic Medical Record for all patients referred to one of four Survivorship Clinics at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center...
December 14, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239009/falls-in-older-adults-with-multiple-myeloma
#4
Tanya M Wildes, Mark A Fiala
To examine the prevalence of falls, factors associated with falls and the relationship between falls and survival in older adults with multiple myeloma METHODS: In an analysis of the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER)-Medicare Health Outcomes Survey (MHOS) linked database, we examined 405 older adults with MM and 513 matched non-cancer controls. The primary outcome was self-reported within the past 12 months. Age, race, gender, symptoms and comorbidities were self-reported in the MHOS. Survival was calculated from SEER data RESULTS: Of the patients with MM, 171 were within 1 year of diagnosis (cohort 1) and 234 were ≥1 year post-diagnosis (cohort 2)...
December 14, 2017: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238389/the-role-of-physical-activity-on-mood-state-and-functional-skills-of-elderly-women
#5
Renato Sobral Monteiro-Junior, Vinicius Dias Rodrigues, Carlos Campos, Flávia Paes, Eric Murillo-Rodriguez, Geraldo A Maranhão-Neto, Sergio Machado
Introduction: Ageing is associated with several physical, psychological and behavioral changes. These changes are closely related with global health and functional capacity in the elderly. Mood disturbances are common among the elderly and may significantly increase apathy, resulting in decreased habitual physical activity levels. Materials and Methods: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the mood state and functional motor capacities of elderly women engaged in a public physical activity program in Brazil and compare them with physically inactive elderly...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238196/the-role-of-new-antidepressants-in-clinical-practice-in-canada-a-brief-review-of-vortioxetine-levomilnacipran-er-and-vilazodone
#6
REVIEW
Roger S McIntyre
Although many branded and generic antidepressants are approved for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD) in Canada, efficacy and tolerability differ among patients, and new treatment options are needed. Symptom types (eg, fatigue, energy/motivation, cognition, and functioning), medication type, treatment duration, and the need for maintenance therapy are factors that may influence treatment effectiveness. Three antidepressants, vortioxetine, levomilnacipran extended-release (ER), and vilazodone have recently become available in Canada...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236238/internet-based-guided-self-help-for-glioma-patients-with-depressive-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Florien W Boele, Martin Klein, Irma M Verdonck-de Leeuw, Pim Cuijpers, Jan J Heimans, Tom J Snijders, Maaike Vos, Ingeborg Bosma, Cees C Tijssen, Jaap C Reijneveld
Depressive symptoms are common in glioma patients, and can negatively affect health-related quality of life (HRQOL). We performed a nation-wide randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effects of an online guided self-help intervention for depressive symptoms in adult glioma patients. Glioma patients with depressive symptoms were randomized to a 5-week online course based on problem-solving therapy, or a waiting list control group. After having received the intervention, the glioma patient groups combined were compared with patients with cancer outside the central nervous system (non-CNS cancer controls), who also received the intervention...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234305/functional-components-of-cognitive-impairment-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-cross-sectional-investigation
#8
Jordi A Matias-Guiu, Ana Cortés-Martínez, María Valles-Salgado, Celia Oreja-Guevara, Vanesa Pytel, Paloma Montero, Teresa Moreno-Ramos, Jorge Matias-Guiu
Background: Cognitive impairment is frequent and disabling in multiple sclerosis (MS). Changes in information processing speed constitute the most important cognitive deficit in MS. However, given the clinical and topographical variability of the disease, cognitive impairment may vary greatly and appear in other forms in addition to slower information processing speed. Our aim was to determine the frequency of cognitive impairment, the principal cognitive domains, and components involved in MS and to identify factors associated with presence of cognitive impairment in these patients in a large series of patients...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231044/a-systematic-review-of-exercise-and-psychosocial-rehabilitation-interventions-to-improve-health-related-outcomes-in-patients-with-bladder-cancer-undergoing-radical-cystectomy
#9
Elke Rammant, Karel Decaestecker, Renée Bultijnck, Nora Sundahl, Piet Ost, Nele S Pauwels, Benedicte Deforche, Ronny Pieters, Valérie Fonteyne
OBJECTIVE: Summarizing the evidence on the effects of pre- and postoperative exercise and psychosocial rehabilitation interventions on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and physical fitness in bladder cancer patients undergoing radical cystectomy. DATA SOURCES: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science and the Physiotherapy Evidence Database were searched independently by two authors from inception until 10 November 2017...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229613/acupuncture-with-or-without-combined-auricular-acupuncture-for-insomnia-a-randomised-waitlist-controlled-trial
#10
Ka-Fai Chung, Wing-Fai Yeung, Branda Yee-Man Yu, Feona Chung-Yin Leung, Shi-Ping Zhang, Zhang-Jin Zhang, Roger Man-Kin Ng, Gar-Chung Yiu
BACKGROUND: Few high-quality, large-scale, controlled trials comparing the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture,auricular acupuncture and combined acupuncture treatment for insomnia are available. OBJECTIVE: To carry out a randomised, assessor-blinded, waitlist-controlled trial to test the superiority of combination treatment. METHODS: After in-person and polysomnography screening, 224 subjects (mean age 53.4 years; 75.4% female) with DSM-5 insomnia disorder, who were free from major psychiatric disorders and with sleep-diary-derived sleep efficiency averaged over 1 week of <85%, were randomised to acupuncture alone, acupuncture plus auricular acupuncture (combination treatment), or a waitlist in a 3:3:1 ratio...
December 11, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227260/factors-associated-with-post-stroke-fatigue-during-the-second-half-year-after-stroke
#11
M Delva, N Lytvynenko, I Delva
Post-stroke fatigue (PSF) is a common and often debilitating sequel of both ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes Aim - identify socio-demographic, personal and psychological factors associated with different PSF domains over the second half year after stroke occurrence. There were examined patients consequently in definite time points: at 6 months (156 patients), at 9 months (139 patients) and at 12 months (128 patients) after ischemic or hemorrhagic strokes. Global PSF and certain PSF domains (physical, mental, motivational, activity-related) were measured by multidimensional fatigue inventory-20 scale...
November 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225972/modulation-of-h-reflex-depression-with-paired-pulse-stimulation-in-healthy-active-humans
#12
Preeti D Oza, Shauna Dudley-Javoroski, Richard K Shields
Depression of the Hoffman reflex (H-reflex) is used to examine spinal control mechanisms during exercise, fatigue, and vibration and in response to training. H-reflex depression protocols frequently use trains of stimuli; this is time-consuming and prevents instantaneous assessment of motor neuronal excitability. The purpose of this study was to determine if paired-pulse H-reflex depression is reproducible and whether paired-pulse stimulation adequately estimates the depression induced by the more traditional ten-pulse train...
2017: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222705/tai-chi-and-qigong-for-cancer-related-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Peter M Wayne, M S Lee, J Novakowski, K Osypiuk, J Ligibel, L E Carlson, R Song
PURPOSE: This study aims to summarize and critically evaluate the effects of Tai Chi and Qigong (TCQ) mind-body exercises on symptoms and quality of life (QOL) in cancer survivors. METHODS: A systematic search in four electronic databases targeted randomized and non-randomized clinical studies evaluating TCQ for fatigue, sleep difficulty, depression, pain, and QOL in cancer patients, published through August 2016. Meta-analysis was used to estimate effect sizes (ES, Hedges' g) and publication bias for randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217760/tumor-associated-fatigue-in-cancer-patients-develops-independently-of-interleukin-1-signaling
#14
Aaron J Grossberg, Elisabeth G Vichaya, Diana L Christian, Jessica M Molkentine, Daniel W Vermeer, Phillip S Gross, Paola D Vermeer, John H Lee, Robert Dantzer
Fatigue is the most common symptom of cancer at diagnosis, yet causes and effective treatments remain elusive. As tumors can be highly inflammatory, it is generally accepted that inflammation mediates cancer-related fatigue. However, evidence to support this assertion is mostly correlational. In this study, we directly tested the hypothesis that fatigue results from propagation of tumor-induced inflammation to the brain and activation of the central pro-inflammatory cytokine, interleukin-1 (IL-1). The heterotopic syngeneic murine head and neck cancer model (mEER) caused systemic inflammation and increased expression of Il1b in the brain while inducing fatigue-like behaviors characterized by decreased voluntary wheel running and exploratory activity...
December 7, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215566/multi-family-pediatric-pain-group-therapy-capturing-acceptance-and-cultivating-change
#15
Samantha E Huestis, Grace Kao, Ashley Dunn, Austin T Hilliard, Isabel A Yoon, Brenda Golianu, Rashmi P Bhandari
Behavioral health interventions for pediatric chronic pain include cognitive-behavioral (CBT), acceptance and commitment (ACT), and family-based therapies, though literature regarding multi-family therapy (MFT) is sparse. This investigation examined the utility and outcomes of the Courage to Act with Pain: Teens Identifying Values, Acceptance, and Treatment Effects (CAPTIVATE) program, which included all three modalities (CBT, ACT, MFT) for youth with chronic pain and their parents. Program utility, engagement, and satisfaction were evaluated via quantitative and qualitative feedback...
December 7, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214392/modulation-of-specific-inhibitory-networks-in-fatigued-locomotor-muscles-of-healthy-males
#16
Stuart Goodall, Glyn Howatson, Kevin Thomas
Reduced maximal force capability of skeletal muscle, as a consequence of exercise, can be due to peripheral or central fatigue mechanisms. In upper-limb muscles, neuromuscular fatigue is concurrent with reduced corticospinal excitability and increased inhibition (lengthened corticospinal silent period [CSP]; reduced short-interval intracortical inhibition [SICI] ratio). However, it is unclear whether these adjustments occur in response to fatiguing exercise of locomotor muscles. This study examined the effect of fatiguing, maximal, knee-extensor exercise on motor cortical excitability and inhibition...
December 6, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213506/symptoms-of-depression-in-patients-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Ana Lara Soares Blum Malak, Luiz Felipe Vasconcellos, João Santos Pereira, Denise Vieira Greca, Manuela Cruz, Heloisa Veiga Dias Alves, Mariana Sptiz, Helenice Charchat-Fichman
Objective: To investigate the most frequent depressive symptoms and their association with cognition in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Methods: 48 patients with PD and 44 controls (CG), aged between 50 and 80 years and with at least 4 years of formal education, all with MCI and none diagnosed with depression, were assessed. Patients and controls were matched for age, education, and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score...
April 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212827/diet-quality-is-associated-with-disability-and-symptom-severity-in-multiple-sclerosis
#18
Kathryn C Fitzgerald, Tuula Tyry, Amber Salter, Stacey S Cofield, Gary Cutter, Robert Fox, Ruth Ann Marrie
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between diet quality and intake of specific foods with disability and symptom severity in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: In 2015, participants in the North American Research Committee on MS (NARCOMS) Registry completed a dietary screener questionnaire that estimates intake of fruits, vegetables and legumes, whole grains, added sugars, and red/processed meats. We constructed an overall diet quality score for each individual based on these food groups; higher scores denoted a healthier diet...
December 6, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212562/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-monoaminergic-stabiliser-osu6162-in-treatment-of-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#19
Marie Karin Lena Nilsson, Olof Zachrisson, Carl-Gerhard Gottfries, Michael Matousek, Birgitta Peilot, Sara Forsmark, Robert Christiaan Schuit, Maria Lizzie Carlsson, Angelica Kloberg, Arvid Carlsson
OBJECTIVE: The monoaminergic stabiliser (-)-OSU6162 has in previous studies shown promising effects on mental fatigue after stroke and traumatic brain injury. This study investigated the safety and effectiveness of (-)-OSU6162 in patients with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome. METHODS: A total of 62 patients were randomly assigned to placebo or (-)-OSU6162. Primary outcomes were assessment on the mental fatigue scale (MFS) and the clinical global impression of change (CGI-C) scale...
December 7, 2017: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208198/-idiopathic-oedema
#20
Christina Courtnadge, Flemming Madsen, Anette Bygum
Idiopathic oedema is a non-inflammatory interstitial oedema seen in fertile women. A hallmark is a daily increase in weight > 1.4 kg from morning until evening due to fluid retention, which shows as facial puffiness in the morning and more often abdominal increase and swollen lower extremities during the day. Patients may be disabled due to accompanying symptoms like headache, dizziness, fatigue, anxiety, and depression. The diagnosis is based on clinical features and exclusion of other causes of oedema...
November 27, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
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