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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908383/cognition-mood-and-quality-of-life-outcomes-among-low-literacy-adults-living-with-epilepsy-in-rural-kenya-a-preliminary-study
#1
Patrick N Mwangala, Symon M Kariuki, Moses K Nyongesa, Paul Mwangi, Esther Chongwo, Charles R Newton, Amina Abubakar
Epilepsy is frequently associated with neurocognitive impairments, mental health, and psychosocial problems but these are rarely documented in low- and middle-income countries. The aim of this study was to examine the neurocognitive outcomes, depressive symptoms, and psychosocial adjustments of people with epilepsy (PWE) in Kilifi, Kenya. We evaluated the impact of these outcomes on health-related quality of life. Self-report, interviewer-administered measures of depression (Major Depression Inventory) and quality of life (RAND SF-36) were administered to 63 PWE and 83 community controls...
June 12, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905600/rehabilitation-for-cancer-survivors-how-we-can-reduce-the-healthcare-service-inequality-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#2
Sumadi Lukman Anwar, Guritno Adistyawan, Wahyu Wulaningsih, Christoph Gutenbrunner, Boya Nugraha
Cancer diagnosis often substantially affects patient's physical, psychological, and emotional status. The majority of cancer patients experience declining of energy, activity levels, social-cultural participation and relationships. In addition, cancer progression and side effects of aggressive cancer treatment often cause debilitating pain, fatigue, weakness, joint stiffness, depression, emotional instability, limited mobility, poor nutritional status, skin breakdown, bowel dysfunction, swallowing difficulty, and lymphedema leading into functional impairment and disability that can be addressed through rehabilitation care...
June 13, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903802/study-protocol-for-a-feasibility-study-of-an-internet-administered-guided-cbt-based-self-help-intervention-engage-for-parents-of-children-previously-treated-for-cancer
#3
Joanne Woodford, Anna Wikman, Martin Cernvall, Gustaf Ljungman, Amanda Romppala, Helena Grönqvist, Louise von Essen
INTRODUCTION: A subgroup of parents of children previously treated for cancer report long-term psychological distress after end of treatment. However, needs for psychological support are commonly unmet and there is a lack of evidence-based treatments tailored to the specific needs of this population. An internet-administered, guided, cognitive-behavioural therapy-based, self-help intervention (ENGAGE) for parents of children previously treated for cancer may provide a solution. The aim is to examine the feasibility and acceptability of the intervention ENGAGE and the study procedures for a future controlled trial...
June 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903510/quality-of-life-in-multiple-endocrine-neoplasia-type-2a-compared-with-normative-and-disease-populations
#4
Michael N Mongelli, Benjamin J Peipert, Sneha Goswami, Irene Helenowski, Susan E Yount, Cord Sturgeon
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcomes are measured in chronic disease states to inform intervention and management decisions while minimizing negative outcomes. We hypothesized that health-related quality of life in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A would be worse than the general US population but similar to other chronic diseases. METHODS: Adults ≥18 years with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A were recruited to complete the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System 29-item questionnaire (n = 45)...
June 11, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901589/quality-of-life-and-care-burden-in-primary-caregivers-of-liver-transplantation-recipients-in-china
#5
Linbo Wei, Juan Li, Yanpei Cao, Jianming Xu, Wei Qin, Huijuan Lu
So far, liver transplantation (LT) has become the most effective way to treat end-stage liver-related diseases. As we all know, a stable caregiver is crucial to LT recovery. However, compared with LT patients, few studies were focused on LT caregivers.This study aimed to describe the quality of life (QoL), care burden, and their related factors in caregivers of LT patients in Shanghai, China.We collected 225 liver transplanted patients and their corresponding caregivers' social demographic and medical information; meanwhile, we assessed 225 LT recipients' caregivers' life quality; by using Caregiver Quality of Life Index-Liver Transplantation in Chinese version (CQOLC-LT), Zarit caregiver burden inventory in Chinese version (ZBI) was used to access the care burden...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900985/cerebral-blood-flow-volume-using-color-duplex-sonography-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#6
Arzu Kaya, Gürkan Akgöl, Arif Gülkesen, Ahmet Kürşad Poyraz, Tülay Yildirim, Murad Atmaca
Objectives: This study aims to evaluate cerebral blood flow using color duplex Doppler ultrasonography in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). Patients and methods: The study included 30 female patients with FMS (mean age 42.3 years; range 22 to 59 years) and 30 female healthy controls (mean age 39.6 years; range 22 to 56 years). Color duplex Doppler ultrasonography imaging was performed with an EPIQ 5 unit equipped with a multi-frequency linear probe (3-12 MHz) in the supine position...
March 2018: Archives of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896052/somatic-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#7
Salene M W Jones, Rana Salem, Dagmar Amtmann
Background: People with multiple sclerosis (MS) are at increased risk for depression and anxiety. The symptoms of MS are often similar to the somatic or physical symptoms of depression and anxiety (fatigue, trouble concentrating). This study examined whether MS symptoms and effects biased the assessment of somatic symptoms of anxiety and depression. Methods: People with MS (n = 513) completed a survey about MS symptoms, treatments, and distress. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 assessed depression, and the patient-report version of the Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders assessed anxiety...
May 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896050/-short-report-a-pilot-study-of-a-group-positive-psychology-intervention-for-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#8
Kaitlynne Leclaire, Audrey Cecil, Allison LaRussa, Fiona Stuart, Christopher C Hemond, Brian C Healy, Tanuja Chitnis, Howard Weiner, Jeff Huffman, Bonnie I Glanz
Background: Positive psychology uses targeted activities to increase the frequency and intensity of positive emotional experiences. Positive psychology interventions that increase positive constructs may facilitate adjustment and improve well-being in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). The primary goal of this study was to assess the feasibility and acceptability of a 5-week group positive psychology intervention for patients with MS. In addition, we examined the utility of the group intervention to increase positive psychological constructs and health-related quality of life (HRQOL)...
May 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891523/outcomes-from-a-patient-centered-interprofessional-palliative-consult-team-in-oncology
#9
Andrea Feldstain, Barry D Bultz, Janet de Groot, Amane Abdul-Razzak, Leonie Herx, Lyle Galloway, Srini Chary, Aynharan Sinnarajah
Background: Palliative care aims to improve suffering and quality of life for patients with life-limiting disease. This study evaluated an interdisciplinary palliative consultation team for outpatients with advanced cancer at the Tom Baker Cancer Centre. This team traditionally offered palliative medicine and recently integrated a specialized psychosocial clinician. Historic patient-reported clinical outcomes were reviewed. There were no a priori hypotheses. Methods: A total of 180 chart reviews were performed in 8 sample months in 2015 and 2016; 114 patients were included...
June 2018: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891186/quality-of-life-and-psychological-well-being-in-the-early-stages-of-multiple-sclerosis-ms-importance-of-adopting-a-biopsychosocial-model
#10
L B Strober
BACKGROUND: Reductions in quality of life (QOL) exist among individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVE: The present investigation aimed to adopt a biopsychosocial model in examining QOL in the early stages of MS. METHODS: Individuals with MS (34 with average to low QOL and 35 with high QOL) were compared on measures of disease symptoms, psychological functioning, personality, self-efficacy, locus of control (LOC), social support, and coping to determine the most salient predictors of QOL...
May 31, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889828/sleepiness-fatigue-anxiety-and-depression-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-overlap-syndrome-before-and-after-continuous-positive-airways-pressure-therapy
#11
Nicholas-Tiberio Economou, Ioannis Ilias, Lemonia Velentza, Yiannis Papachatzakis, Paul Zarogoulidis, Anastasios Kallianos, Georgia Trakada
Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and / or Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) often complain about sleepiness, fatigue, anxiety and depression. However, common screening questionnaires, like Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) have not been previous evaluated in patients with overlap-coexisting COPD and OSA-syndrome versus patients with OSA alone. Our study compared ESS, FSS and HADS between patients with overlap syndrome and patients with OSA, before and after treatment with Continuous Positive Airways Pressure (CPAP)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889605/integrative-therapies-during-and-after-breast-cancer-treatment-asco-endorsement-of-the-sio-clinical-practice-guideline
#12
Gary H Lyman, Heather Greenlee, Kari Bohlke, Ting Bao, Angela M DeMichele, Gary E Deng, Judith M Fouladbakhsh, Brigitte Gil, Dawn L Hershman, Sami Mansfield, Dawn M Mussallem, Karen M Mustian, Erin Price, Susan Rafte, Lorenzo Cohen
Purpose The Society for Integrative Oncology (SIO) produced an evidence-based guideline on use of integrative therapies during and after breast cancer treatment that was determined to be relevant to the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) membership. ASCO considered the guideline for endorsement. Methods The SIO guideline addressed the use of integrative therapies for the management of symptoms and adverse effects, such as anxiety and stress, mood disorders, fatigue, quality of life, chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, lymphedema, chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy, pain, and sleep disturbance...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888803/the-effectiveness-of-exercise-based-rehabilitation-to-patients-with-myeloproliferative-neoplasms-an-explorative-study
#13
Kasper Mønsted Pedersen, Graziella Zangger, Nana Brochmann, Birk Mygind Grønfeldt, Ann-Dorthe Zwisler, Hans Carl Hasselbalch, Lars Hermann Tang
The aim of the study was to determine the impact of an interdisciplinary exercise-based rehabilitation intervention on fatigue and quality of life (QOL) in patients with Philadelphia-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs). At the Danish Knowledge Centre for Rehabilitation and Palliative Care, a 5-day interdisciplinary exercise-based rehabilitation intervention was carried out on 48 patients with MPN. It was followed by 12 weeks of self-exercising prior to follow-up. Initially and at follow-up, participants filled out validated questionnaires; Brief Fatigue Inventory, Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory, European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality-of-Life questionnaire, Myeloproliferative Neoplasm Symptom Assessment Form and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
June 11, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888582/-treatment-of-menopausal-syndrome-by-combined-electroacupuncture-acupoint-injection-and-fire-needle-therapies
#14
Yi-Yu Peng, Hui-Tao Jing, Lan Luan, Ying-Ying Tu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical efficacy of joint application of electroacupuncture (EA), acupointinjection and fire-needle in the treatment of menopausal syndrome (MS) women. METHODS: One hundred MS patients were randomized into control group and combined treatment group ( n =50 patients in each). The combined treatment group was treated by joint application of EA, acupoint-injection and fire-needle stimulation, and the control group treated by EA stimulation alone...
April 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886347/impact-of-group-treatment-for-insomnia-on-daytime-symptomatology-analyses-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-primary-care
#15
Christina Sandlund, Jerker Hetta, Gunnar H Nilsson, Mirjam Ekstedt, Jeanette Westman
BACKGROUND: People typically seek primary health care for daytime symptoms and impairments they experience in association with their insomnia. However, few studies address the question of whether insomnia treatment can improve such symptomatology. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether a nurse-led group treatment program, based on the techniques of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I), improved daytime symptomatology in primary care patients with insomnia...
May 24, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881476/from-skeptic-to-vital-partner-in-massage-therapy-research-an-interview-with-mark-hyman-rapaport-md
#16
EDITORIAL
Ann Blair Kennedy
Mark Hyman Rapaport, MD is a highly accomplished researcher, academician, and clinician. Dr. Rapaport has more than 180 publications, and his main research interests include biologic genesis of anxiety disorders, as well as immunity abnormalities and depression in mood disorders. His research investigating massage therapy has included study of inflammatory biomarkers, cancer related fatigue, and generalized anxiety disorder. He has created a successful partnership with the Atlanta School of Massage for the implementation of his research inquiry...
June 2018: International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881368/non-motor-symptoms-as-predictors-of-quality-of-life-in-egyptian-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-cross-sectional-study-using-a-culturally-adapted-39-item-parkinson-s-disease-questionnaire
#17
Ali S Shalash, Eman Hamid, Hanan Hani Elrassas, Ahmed Safwat Bedair, Abdelrahman Ibrahim Abushouk, Mohamed Khamis, Mostafa Hashim, Nahed Salah-Eldin Ahmed, Samia Ashour, Mahmoud Elbalkimy
Objective: The prevalence of non-motor symptoms (NMSs) and their impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Parkinson's disease (PD) has been reported inconsistently among different populations. In this study, we aimed to investigate the NMSs and HRQoL profiles and their correlation in Egyptian PD patients, using a culturally adapted Arabic version of the 39-item Parkinson's disease questionnaire (PDQ-39). Methods: Ninety-seven PD patients were rated using the unified Parkinson's disease rating scale (UPDRS), the non-motor symptoms scales (NMSS), Beck depression inventory (BDI), and the Arabic version of PDQ-39...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880963/how-the-change-in-ibs-criteria-from-rome-iii-to-rome-iv-impacts-on-clinical-characteristics-and-key-pathophysiological-factors
#18
Imran Aziz, Hans Törnblom, Olafur S Palsson, William E Whitehead, Magnus Simrén
OBJECTIVES: The diagnostic criteria for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) have recently been updated from Rome III to Rome IV. Whereas in Rome III a diagnosis of IBS entailed chronic abdominal pain or discomfort at least 3 days per month, in Rome IV the term discomfort has been removed and the frequency of abdominal pain increased to at least 1 day per week. We examined how this change in IBS criteria impacts on clinical characteristics and pathophysiological factors. METHODS: A total of 542 Swedish subjects with Rome III IBS completed a baseline questionnaire enquiring for the number of abdominal pain days in the last 10 days; this was subsequently used as a surrogate marker to identify Rome IV IBS, in that (a) those with 0 or 1 day of pain were classed as Rome IV-negative, and (b) those with ≥2 days of pain were classed as Rome IV-positive...
June 8, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880406/polypharmacy-limited-activity-fatigue-and-insomnia-are-the-most-frequent-symptoms-and-impairments-in-older-hematological-cancer-survivors-70-findings-from-a-register-based-study-on-physical-and-mental-health
#19
Heide Götze, Norbert Köhler, Sabine Taubenheim, Florian Lordick, Anja Mehnert
OBJECTIVES: Although the median age at cancer diagnosis is about 70 years, few studies have evaluated physical and mental health in older patients. The main objectives of our study are to provide information about depression, functional disabilities and symptom burden in older hematological cancer patients (HCP), compared to a community sample (CS) of older individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective study with interview assessments at a meantime of 26 month (range 1-60) after diagnosis or relapse of hematologic cancer (ICD: C81 - C96)...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879231/the-association-of-fatigue-pain-depression-and-anxiety-with-work-and-activity-impairment-in-immune-mediated-inflammatory-diseases
#20
Murray W Enns, Charles N Bernstein, Kristine Kroeker, Lesley Graff, John R Walker, Lisa M Lix, Carol A Hitchon, Renée El-Gabalawy, John D Fisk, Ruth Ann Marrie
Impairment in work function is a frequent outcome in patients with chronic conditions such as immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMID), depression and anxiety disorders. The personal and economic costs of work impairment in these disorders are immense. Symptoms of pain, fatigue, depression and anxiety are potentially remediable forms of distress that may contribute to work impairment in chronic health conditions such as IMID. The present study evaluated the association between pain [Medical Outcomes Study Pain Effects Scale], fatigue [Daily Fatigue Impact Scale], depression and anxiety [Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale] and work impairment [Work Productivity and Activity Impairment Scale] in four patient populations: multiple sclerosis (n = 255), inflammatory bowel disease (n = 248, rheumatoid arthritis (n = 154) and a depression and anxiety group (n = 307), using quantile regression, controlling for the effects of sociodemographic factors, physical disability, and cognitive deficits...
2018: PloS One
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