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Paulo Almeida

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087237/what-is-the-real-impact-of-urinary-incontinence-on-female-sexual-dysfunction-a-case-control-study
#1
Mariana Rhein Felippe, Joao Paulo Zambon, Marcia Eli Girotti, Juliana Schulze Burti, Claudia Rosenblatt Hacad, Lina Cadamuro, Fernando Almeida
INTRODUCTION: Urinary incontinence (UI) has been associated with negative effects on women's sexuality. Women's sexuality and sexual function are a complex issue, and the role of UI is not completely clear. AIM: To assess the impact of UI on female sexual function by comparing this population with a control group of continent women. METHODS: We performed a case-control study from August 2012 to September 2013. We evaluated continent and incontinent women (age range = 30-70 years) for their sexuality...
January 10, 2017: Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077331/physiological-behavioral-changes-induced-by-a-fraction-with-antitumor-cleronade-diterpenes-from-an-atlantic-forest-brazilian-plant-and-computational-intermolecular-interactions-with-neuron-receptors
#2
Éverton José Ferreira de Araújo, Antônia Amanda Cardoso de Almeida, Oskar Almeida Silva, Iwyson Henrique Fernandes da Costa, Luis Mário Rezende Júnior, Francisco das Chagas Alves Lima, Luciano da Silva Lopes, Alberto José Cavalheiro, Paulo Michel Pinheiro Ferreira
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Casearia sylvestris is a medicinal plant traditionally used to treat snakebites, wounds, inflammation and gastric ulcers and scientific supports for have demonstrated its antitumor, antihyperlipidemic and antiparasitic properties. AIM OF THE STUDY: To assess the effects of a fraction with casearins (FC) on adult mice using classical experimental models of animal behavior and theoretical calculations to verify the interaction of Casearin X (Cas X) with neuron receptors...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077090/gbs-based-single-dosage-markers-for-linkage-and-qtl-mapping-allow-gene-mining-for-yield-related-traits-in-sugarcane
#3
Thiago Willian Almeida Balsalobre, Guilherme da Silva Pereira, Gabriel Rodrigues Alves Margarido, Rodrigo Gazaffi, Fernanda Zatti Barreto, Carina Oliveira Anoni, Cláudio Benício Cardoso-Silva, Estela Araújo Costa, Melina Cristina Mancini, Hermann Paulo Hoffmann, Anete Pereira de Souza, Antonio Augusto Franco Garcia, Monalisa Sampaio Carneiro
BACKGROUND: Sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) is predominantly an autopolyploid plant with a variable ploidy level, frequent aneuploidy and a large genome that hampers investigation of its organization. Genetic architecture studies are important for identifying genomic regions associated with traits of interest. However, due to the genetic complexity of sugarcane, the practical applications of genomic tools have been notably delayed in this crop, in contrast to other crops that have already advanced to marker-assisted selection (MAS) and genomic selection...
January 11, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076649/suicide-attempts-in-bipolar-i-patients-impact-of-comorbid-personality-disorders
#4
Severino Bezerra, Amanda Galvão-de-Almeida, Paula Studart, Davi F Martins, André C Caribé, Paulo A Schwingel, Ângela Miranda-Scippa
Objective: To evaluate the association between personality disorders (PDs) and suicide attempts (SAs) in euthymic patients with type I bipolar disorder (BD). Methods: One-hundred twenty patients with type I BD, with and without history of SA, were evaluated during euthymia. The assessment included a clinical and sociodemographic questionnaire, the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, the Young Mania Rating Scale, the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, and Structured Clinical Interviews for DSM-IV Axis I and II Disorders...
January 9, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076607/vascular-access-the-impact-of-ultrasonography
#5
Carlos Eduardo Saldanha de Almeida
Vascular punctures are often necessary in critically ill patients. They are secure, but not free of complications. Ultrasonography enhances safety of the procedure by decreasing puncture attempts, complications and costs. This study reviews important publications and the puncture technique using ultrasound, bringing part of the experience of the intensive care unit of the Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo (SP), Brazil, and discussing issues that should be considered in future studies. RESUMO Punções vasculares são muitas vezes necessárias em pacientes gravemente enfermos...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076483/sedation-in-colonoscopy-by-using-three-different-propofol-infusion-methods-and-analysis-of-plasma-concentration-levels-a-prospective-comparative-study
#6
Paulo Henrique Boaventura de Carvalho, José Pinhata Otoch, Mohamad Ali Khan, Paulo Sakai, Hugo Gonçalo Guedes, Everson Luiz de Almeida Artifon
Background: The propofolemia becomes directly linked to the clinical effects of this anesthetic and is the focus for studies comparing propofol clinical use, in different administration methods routinely used in endoscopy units where sedation is widely administered to patients. Aim: To evaluate the effects of three different regimens of intravenous propofol infusion in colonoscopies. Methods: A total of 50 patients that underwent colonoscopies were consecutively assigned to three groups: 1) intermittent bolus infusion; 2) continuous manually controlled infusion; 3) continuous automatic infusion...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074626/radio-cephalic-fistula-recovered-with-drainage-to-forearm-basilic-vein
#7
António Norton de Matos, Clemente Neves Sousa, Paulo Almeida, Paulo Teles, Luís Loureiro, Gabriela Teixeira, Duarte Rego, Sérgio Teixeira
Dysfunction problems with vascular access are a concern to patients and dialysis units. The vascular surgeon should analyse such dysfunction and perform a careful assessment of the vascular network in order to find new fistula layouts. We introduce and discuss the case of creation of a radio-cephalic fistula with outflow into the forearm basilic vein through rotation of the forearm basilic vein toward the cephalic vein in the forearm of an 88-year-old hemodialysis male patient. This technique enables extending fistula patency and improves cost efficiency...
January 10, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065450/the-effects-of-increased-heme-oxygenase-1-on-the-lymphoproliferative-response-in-dogs-with-visceral-leishmaniasis
#8
Breno Fernando Martins de Almeida, Kathlenn Liezbeth Oliveira Silva, Vanessa Marim Chiku, Aline Aparecida Correa Leal, Gabriela Lovizutto Venturin, Luis Gustavo Narciso, Maria Fernanda Cereijido Bersni Fink, Flavia de Rezende Eugênio, Paulo Sergio Patto Dos Santos, Paulo Cesar Ciarlini, Valéria Marçal Felix de Lima
Canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) is known to affect the cellular immunity of infected dogs, through impairing lymphoproliferation and microbicidal mechanisms. This study examined heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and its metabolites, oxidative stress and IL-10 levels in CVL and investigated correlations between these parameters. Additionally, the effects of HO-1 inhibition on the lymphoproliferative response and cytokine production in lymph node cells (LNCs) from infected dogs were evaluated. Forty-four dogs, 24 controls and 20 dogs with CVL were selected...
December 30, 2016: Immunobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063913/systematic-survey-of-randomized-trials-evaluating-the-impact-of-alternative-diagnostic-strategies-on-patient-important-outcomes
#9
Regina El Dib, Kari A O Tikkinen, Elie A Akl, Huda A Goma, Reem A Mustafa, Arnav Agarwal, Christopher R Carpenter, Yuchen Zhang, Eliane C Jorge, Ricardo A M B Almeida, Paulo do Nascimento Junior, Joao Vitor P Doles, Ahmad A Mustafa, Behnam Sadeghirad, Luciane C Lopes, Cristiane C Bergamaschi, Erica A Suzumura, Marília M A Cardoso, Marluci Betini, José Eduardo Corrente, Samuel B Stone, Holger J Schunemann, Gordon H Guyatt
OBJECTIVE: To provide a perspective on the current practice of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of diagnostic strategies focusing on patient-important outcomes. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We conducted a comprehensive search of Medline and included RCTs published in full-text reports that evaluated alternative diagnostic strategies. RESULTS: Of 56,912 unique citations we sampled 7,500 and included 103 eligible RCTs, therefore suggesting that Medline includes approximately 781 diagnostic RCTs...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057967/massive-thymoma-of-the-mid-posterior-mediastinum-an-unprecedented-case-in-a-young-adult
#10
Karen Fernandes de Oliveira, Marcio Maciel Rodrigues, Gesner Pereira Lopes, Renan Sandoval de Almeida, Juliana Lopes Lusvarghi, João Paulo Vieira Dos Santos
We report an unprecedented case of ectopic thymoma in a young adult. A 33-year-old male presented with a 10-day history of non-productive cough and fever. Investigation revealed mediastinal widening without pulmonary involvement. Computed tomography showed a large mass-14.8 × 10.8 × 8.4 cm-in the mid-posterior mediastinum, and a biopsy obtained by video-assisted thoracoscopy indicated that the mass was a tumor. Immunohistochemistry showed combined thymoma type AB1. Because of the considerable proportions of the tumor and its close proximity to major structures, the patient was treated with chemotherapy...
November 2016: Radiologia Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041951/the-role-of-sex-hormones-and-steroid-receptors-on-female-reproductive-cancers
#11
REVIEW
Luiz Gustavo de Almeida Chuffa, Luiz Antonio Lupi-Júnior, Aline Balandis Costa, João Paulo de Arruda Amorim, Fábio Rodrigues Ferreira Seiva
Sex steroids have been widely described to be associated with a number of human diseases, including hormone-dependent tumors. Several studies have been concerned about the factors regulating the availability of sex steroids and its importance in the pathophysiological aspects of the reproductive cancers in women. In premenopausal women, large fluctuations in the concentration of circulating estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P4) orchestrate many events across the menstrual cycle. After menopause, the levels of circulating E2 and P4 decline but remain at high concentration in the peripheral tissues...
December 29, 2016: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029567/blood-discard-rate-in-a-blood-center-in-curitiba-brazil-ten-years-of-study
#12
Aline G Monich, Tiago W Dantas, Karla B Fávero, Paulo T R Almeida, Eliane C Maluf, Carolina De M Capeletto, Renato M Nisihara
INTRODUCTION: Development of technologies to reduce transfusion risks of infectious diseases is a major characteristic of hemotherapy. Thus, each donation undergoes clinical and serological screening tests to ensure the donated blood do not offer risks to the receiver. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the prevalence of positive serology in blood donations rejected by Hemobanco (Curitiba - PR) in the period ranging from January 2003 to December 2012. METHODOLOGY: During the period studied, we observed the total number of donations and its division according to gender...
October 25, 2016: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001210/social-support-network-mental-health-and-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-study-in-primary-care
#13
Flávia Batista Portugal, Mônica Rodrigues Campos, Celina Ragoni Correia, Daniel Almeida Gonçalves, Dinarte Ballester, Luis Fernando Tófoli, Jair de Jesus Mari, Linda Gask, Christopher Dowrick, Peter Bower, Sandra Fortes
The objective of this study was to identify the association between emotional distress and social support networks with quality of life in primary care patients. This was a cross-sectional study involving 1,466 patients in the cities of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 2009/2010. The General Health Questionnaire, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the brief version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life Instrument were used. The Social Support Network Index classified patients with the highest and lowest index as socially integrated or isolated...
December 22, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992307/spatial-genetic-structure-of-coffee-associated-xylella-fastidiosa-populations-indicates-that-cross-infection-does-not-occur-with-sympatric-citrus-orchards
#14
Carolina Sardinha Francisco, Rodrigo Almeida, Paulo Ceresini, Helvécio Della Coletta-Filho
Xylella fastidiosa, an economically important plant pathogenic bacterium, infects both coffee and citrus trees in Brazil. Although X. fastidiosa in citrus is well studied, knowledge about the population structure of this bacterium infecting coffee remains unknown. Here we studied the population structure of X. fastidiosa infecting coffee trees in São Paulo State, Brazil, in four regions where citrus is also widely cultivated. Genotyping of over 500 isolates from coffee plants using 14 genomic microsatellite markers indicated that populations were largely geographically isolated, as previously found with populations of X...
December 19, 2016: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986506/proteomic-assessment-of-colorectal-cancers-and-respective-resection-margins-from-patients-of-the-amazon-state-of-brazil
#15
Fabiana Greyce Oliveira Almeida, Priscila Ferreira de Aquino, Sidney Raimundo S Chalub, Gabriel Duarte T Araujo, Gilberto B Domont, Afonso Duarte L de Souza, Paulo C Carvalho, Juliana de Saldanha da G Fischer
: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common type of cancer in the world with a low survival rate and therapeutic efficiency. Tumor surgery implies the removal of an apparently non-tumorous tissue around the tumor in an attempt to reduce recurrence chances; this tissue is referred to as the resection margin. Our analysis employed an 8-plex iTRAQ to label four adenocarcinoma biopsies and their corresponding resection margins at 5cm; our results disclose fifty-six proteins as being differentially abundant...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984144/lectin-from-seeds-of-a-brazilian-lima-bean-variety-phaseolus-lunatus-l-var-cascavel-presents-antioxidant-antitumour-and-gastroprotective-activities
#16
Rodrigo Rodrigues E Lacerda, Edilza Silva do Nascimento, José Thalles Jocelino Gomes de Lacerda, Luciano da Silva Pinto, Caroline Rizzi, Mirna Marques Bezerra, Isabela Ribeiro Pinto, Samuel Mateus Pereira Filho, Vicente de Paulo Texeira Pinto, Gerardo Cristino Filho, Carlos Alberto de Almeida Gadelha, Tatiane Santi Gadelha
Lectins are proteins able to interact specifically and reversibly with carbohydrates. They are present in all living beings, particularly in legume seeds, which have many biological functions. The aim of this study was to isolate, characterize and verify antioxidant, anti-hemolytic, antitumor and gastroprotective activities in a lectin present in seeds of Phaseolus lunatus L. var. cascavel (PLUN). The isolation of lectin was performed by size exclusion chromatography on Sephadex G-100, which was isolated from a protein capable of agglutinating only human erythrocytes type A, being this the only inhibited haemagglutination n-acetyl-d-galactosamine...
February 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982324/pediatric-vascular-trauma-in-manaus-amazon-brazil
#17
Cleinaldo DE Almeida Costa, José Emerson Dos Santos Souza, Antônio Oliveira DE Araújo, Flávio Augusto Oliva Melo, Isabelle Nascimento Costa, Paulo Henrique Klein
Objective: to assess the incidence of pediatric vascular injuries in patients treated at the Emergency Room of the Eastern Children's Hospital, in Manaus. Methods: we conducted a retrospective study of pediatric patients who suffered vascular injuries treated between February 2001 to February 2012. Results: we studied 71 patients, predominantly male (78.87%), with a mean age of 7.63 years. The predominant mechanism of injury was stab wound in 27 patients (38...
September 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982318/association-of-oxidative-stress-and-dna-damage-with-grafting-time-in-patients-with-multiple-myeloma-and-lymphoma-submitted-to-autologous-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#18
Thayna Nogueira Dos Santos, Fernando Barroso Duarte, Pedro Aurio Maia Filho, Talyta Ellen de Jesus Dos Santos, Maritza Cavalcante Barbosa, Tarcísio Paulo de Almeida Filho, Bruno Coelho Cavalcanti, Paulo Roberto Leitão de Vasconcelos, Luana Leticia Dutra, Germison Silva Lopes, Franciclea Oliveira Costa, João Paulo Vasconcelos Leitão, Jacques KauFman, Beatriz Stella Pitombeira AraúJo, Karine Sampaio Nunes Barroso, Romélia Pinheiro Gonçalves Lemes
The aim of the study was to investigate the association between oxidative stress and DNA damage with grafting time in patients submitted to autologous hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT). The study included 37 patients submitted to autologous HSCT diagnosed with Multiple Myeloma (MM) and lymphoma (Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's). Biomarkers of oxidative stress and DNA damage index (DI) were performed at baseline (pre-CR) of the disease and during the conditioning regimen (CR), one day after the HSCT, ten days after HSCT and twenty days after HSCT, as well as in the control group consisting of 30 healthy individuals...
October 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935179/association-between-confidence-in-smiling-and-esthetic-characteristics
#19
Francisco Wilker Mustafa Gomes Muniz, Denise Juaçaba Cavalcante, Maria Mônica Studart Mendes Moreira, Lidiany Karla Azevedo Rodrigues, Carlos Augusto de Oliveira Fernandes, Paulo César de Almeida, Rosimary de Sousa Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze which facial, gingival and dental characteristics are associated with confidence in smiling among 75 subjects seeking treatment in a northern Brazilian public dental university. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical examinations and three standardized photographs of each subject were taken by one trained examiner. In addition, a questionnaire was applied to assess confidence in smiling. The subjects were dichotomized into two groups, non-confident (n = 36) and confident (n = 39) in smiling...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925118/alcohol-abuse-and-involvement-in-traffic-accidents-in-the-brazilian-population-2013
#20
Giseli Nogueira Damacena, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Cristiano Siqueira Boccolini, Paulo Roberto Borges de Souza, Wanessa da Silva de Almeida, Lucas Sisinno Ribeiro, Célia Landmann Szwarcwald
Abstract This article aims to analyze alcohol abuse and frequent consumption according to sociodemographic characteristics and investigate the risk of greater involvement in traffic accidents, using data from the National Health Survey (PNS), 2013, Brazil. Events investigated were alcohol abuse and frequent consumption and if the individual was involved in a traffic accident and sustained an injury in the last 12 months. We investigated both events according to sociodemographic characteristics and assessed the association among them through multivariate logistic regression...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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