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Paulo Almeida

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451659/environmental-factors-can-influence-dengue-reported-cases
#1
Marco Antonio F Carneiro, Beatriz da C A Alves, Flávia de Sousa Gehrke, José Nuno Domingues, Nelson Sá, Susana Paixão, João Figueiredo, Ana Ferreira, Cleonice Almeida, Amaury Machi, Eriane Savóia, Vânia Nascimento, Fernando Fonseca
INTRODUCTION: Global climate changes directly affect the natural environment and contribute to an increase in the transmission of diseases by vectors. Among these diseases, dengue is at the top of the list. The aim of our study was to understand the consequences of temporal variability of air temperature in the occurrence of dengue in an area comprising seven municipalities of the Greater São Paulo. METHOD: Characterization of a temporal trend of the disease in the region between 2010 and 2013 was performed through analysis of the notified number of dengue cases over this period...
November 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451645/intragastric-balloons-in-high-risk-obese-patients-in-a-brazilian-center-initial-experience
#2
Alana Costa Borges, Paulo César Almeida, Stella M T Furlani, Marcelo DE Sousa Cury, Shantanu Gaur
OBJECTIVE: to assess the short-term efficacy, tolerance and complications in high-risk morbidly obese patients treated with an intragastric balloon as a bridge for surgery. METHODS: we conducted a post-hoc analysis study in a Brazilian teaching hospital from 2010 to 2014, with 23 adult patients with a BMI of 48kg/m2, who received a single intragastric air or liquid balloon. We defined efficacy as 10% excess weight loss, and complications, as adverse events consequent to the intragastric balloon diagnosed after the initial accommodative period...
2018: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442312/halimeda-jolyana-bryopsidales-chlorophyta-presents-higher-vulnerability-to-metal-pollution-at-its-lower-temperature-limits-of-distribution
#3
Fernando Scherner, Eduardo Bastos, Ticiane Rover, Eliana de Medeiros Oliveira, Rafael Almeida, Ana Gabriela Itokazu, Zenilda Laurita Bouzon, Leonardo Rubi Rörig, Sonia Maria Barreto Pereira, Paulo Antunes Horta
Seaweeds living at their temperature limits of distribution are naturally exposed to physiological stressors, facing additional stress when exposed to coastal pollution. The physiological responses of seaweeds to environmental conditions combining natural and anthropogenic stressors provide important information on their vulnerability. We assessed the physiological effects and ultrastructural alterations of trace metals enrichment at concentrations observed in polluted regions within the temperature ranges of distribution of the endemic seaweed Halimeda jolyana, an important component of tropical southwestern Atlantic reefs...
February 14, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426665/phenotypic-genetic-and-symbiotic-characterization-of-erythrina-velutina-rhizobia-from-caatinga-dry-forest
#4
Dalila Ribeiro Rodrigues, Aleksandro Ferreira da Silva, Maria Idaline Pessoa Cavalcanti, Indra Elena Costa Escobar, Ana Carla Resende Fraiz, Paula Rose de Almeida Ribeiro, Reginaldo Alves Ferreira Neto, Ana Dolores Santiago de Freitas, Paulo Ivan Fernandes-Júnior
Erythrina velutina ("mulungu") is a legume tree from Caatinga that associates with rhizobia but the diversity and symbiotic ability of "mulungu" rhizobia are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to characterize "mulungu" rhizobia from Caatinga. Bacteria were obteined from Serra Talhada and Caruaru in Caatinga under natural regeneration. The bacteria were evaluated to the amplification of nifH and nodC and to metabolic characteristics. Ten selected bacteria identified by 16S rRNA sequences. They were tested in vitro to NaCl and temperature tolerance, auxin production and calcium phosphate solubilization...
February 2, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412326/-hospitalizations-due-to-complications-of-pregnancy-and-maternal-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-a-cohort-of-pregnant-women-in-the-brazilian-unified-national-health-system-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#5
Barbara Laisa Alves Moura, Gizelton Pereira Alencar, Zilda Pereira da Silva, Marcia Furquim de Almeida
Maternal morbidity, fetal mortality, and neonatal mortality are important indicators of maternal and child health. The study aimed to describe maternal and perinatal outcomes (low birth weight, prematurity, fetal and neonatal deaths, postpartum hospitalizations, and readmission of newborns) in a cohort of pregnant women whose deliveries were covered by the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS) in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, in the second semester of 2012. We obtained a retrospective cohort of 55,404 pregnant women with deterministic and probabilistic linkage of data from the Hospital Information System of the SUS (SIH/SUS), Information System on Live Births (SINASC), Mortality Information System (SIM), and National Registry of Health Establishments (CNES) databases...
February 5, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412300/validation-and-reliability-of-the-scale-self-efficacy-and-their-child-s-level-of-asthma-control
#6
Ana Lúcia Araújo Gomes, Emanuella Silva Joventino, Kamila Ferreira Lima, Regina Cláudia Melo Dodt, Paulo César de Almeida, Lorena Barbosa Ximenes
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the psychometric properties in terms of validity and reliability of the scale Self-efficacy and their child's level of asthma control: Brazilian version. METHOD: Methodological study in which 216 parents/guardians of children with asthma participated. A construct validation (factor analysis and test of hypothesis by comparison of contrasted groups) and an analysis of reliability in terms of homogeneity (Cronbach's alpha) and stability (test-retest) were carried out...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412291/burnout-and-nursing-work-environment-in-public-health-institutions
#7
Lilia de Souza Nogueira, Regina Márcia Cardoso de Sousa, Erika de Souza Guedes, Mariana Alvina Dos Santos, Ruth Natalia Teresa Turrini, Diná de Almeida Lopes Monteiro da Cruz
OBJECTIVE: to identify associations between the Burnout domains and the characteristics of the work environment. METHOD: cross-sectional study with 745 nurses from 40 public health institutions in São Paulo. Nursing Work Index-Revised (NWI-R) and Maslach Burnout Inventory were used. Similar institutions according to NWI-R were grouped by clustering and the Anova and Bonferroni tests were used in the comparative analyzes. RESULTS: there was significant and moderate correlation between emotional exhaustion and autonomy, control over the environment and organizational support; between reduced personal accomplishment, autonomy and organizational support; and between depersonalization and autonomy...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405085/the-potential-impact-of-using-surfactant-and-an-alcoholic-co-surfactant-on-srb-activity-during-eor
#8
Fabio Alexandre Chinalia, Mayara Borges Andrade, Tatiana Oliveira do Vale, Sueli Carvalho Dos Santos, Lilia Ferreira de Moura-Costa, Paulo Fernando de Almeida
Surfactants and co-surfactans play an important role in enhanced oil recovery (EOR) for they improve petroleum solubility and reduce interfacial tensions between oil, water and the rock formation. Ethanol is receiving renewed attention as potential co-surfactant because of the negative results obtained with the use of salts and alkaline substances in specific rock formations. On the other hand, sulphate-reducing bacteria (SRB) can use surfactant and co-surfactants as carbon sources and, consequently, this can increase the biological accumulation of sulphide (souring)...
February 6, 2018: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404251/extended-endoscopic-approach-for-resection-of-craniopharyngiomas
#9
João Paulo Almeida, Suganth Suppiah, Claire Karekezi, Miguel Marigil-Sanchez, Jay S Wong, Allan Vescan, Fred Gentili, Gelareh Zadeh
Objectives  Extended endoscopic approaches are useful for resection of selected craniopharyngiomas. Midline, extraventricular, and predominantly cystic lesions are good candidates for endoscopic resection. In this video, we demonstrate the endoscopic endonasal resection of a large suprasellar craniopharyngioma and discuss the nuances of the surgical technique. Design/Setting  Surgical video of an extended endoscopic approach for resection of a suprasellar craniopharyngioma. Results  We report the case of a 56-year-old woman who presented with bitemporal hemianopsia and visual acuity deterioration secondary to a large suprasellar solid-cystic lesion...
February 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396410/discordant-congenital-zika-syndrome-twins-show-differential-in-vitro-viral-susceptibility-of-neural-progenitor-cells
#10
Luiz Carlos Caires-Júnior, Ernesto Goulart, Uirá Souto Melo, Bruno Silva Henrique Araujo, Lucas Alvizi, Alessandra Soares-Schanoski, Danyllo Felipe de Oliveira, Gerson Shigeru Kobayashi, Karina Griesi-Oliveira, Camila Manso Musso, Murilo Sena Amaral, Lucas Ferreira daSilva, Renato Mancini Astray, Sandra Fernanda Suárez-Patiño, Daniella Cristina Ventini, Sérgio Gomes da Silva, Guilherme Lopes Yamamoto, Suzana Ezquina, Michel Satya Naslavsky, Kayque Alves Telles-Silva, Karina Weinmann, Vanessa van der Linden, Helio van der Linden, João Mendes Ricardo de Oliveira, Nivia Rodrigues Maria Arrais, Adriana Melo, Thalita Figueiredo, Silvana Santos, Joanna Castro Goes Meira, Saulo Duarte Passos, Roque Pacheco de Almeida, Ana Jovina Barreto Bispo, Esper Abrão Cavalheiro, Jorge Kalil, Edécio Cunha-Neto, Helder Nakaya, Robert Andreata-Santos, Luis Carlos de Souza Ferreira, Sergio Verjovski-Almeida, Paulo Lee Ho, Maria Rita Passos-Bueno, Mayana Zatz
Congenital Zika syndrome (CZS) causes early brain development impairment by affecting neural progenitor cells (NPCs). Here, we analyze NPCs from three pairs of dizygotic twins discordant for CZS. We compare by RNA-Seq the NPCs derived from CZS-affected and CZS-unaffected twins. Prior to Zika virus (ZIKV) infection the NPCs from CZS babies show a significantly different gene expression signature of mTOR and Wnt pathway regulators, key to a neurodevelopmental program. Following ZIKV in vitro infection, cells from affected individuals have significantly higher ZIKV replication and reduced cell growth...
February 2, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387644/evaluation-of-the-isokinetic-muscle-function-postural-control-and-plantar-pressure-distribution-in-capoeira-players-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Pedro Olavo de Paula Lima, Paulo Ricardo Pinto Camelo, Victor Matheus Leite Mascarenhas Ferreira, Paulo Jorge Santiago do Nascimento, Márcio Almeida Bezerra, Gabriel Peixoto Leão Almeida, Rodrigo Ribeiro de Oliveira
Background: Capoeira is a cultural practice with Brazilian roots that combines several elements including dance, fighting and body rhythm. Because of the diverse elements involved in its practice, capoeira is excellent at developing the physical and social abilities of its players. The aim of this study was to compare the biomechanical profile of muscle strength, plantar pressure distribution, and postural balance between players and non-players of capoeira. Methods: We evaluated 51 subjects who were allocated into two groups: capoeira group and control group...
July 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379902/conservative-restoration-of-the-worn-dentition-the-anatomically-driven-direct-approach-ada
#12
Rui Negrão, Jorge André Cardoso, Nuno Braz de Oliveira, Paulo Julio Almeida, Teresa Taveira, Oleg Blashkiv
The treatment or management of tooth wear with composite resins can be challenging because significant alterations in the patient's occlusion are usually required. Comprehensive approaches include the use of facebows, articulator-mounted casts, laboratory-made wax-ups, and silicone indexes to deliver the restorations. Even though this sequence of steps is recommended, in many cases it is not applied. The reason for this is related to the complexity and time required for these steps, which are normally applied in indirect restorations like ceramics but not properly used in direct composite resin rehabilitations...
2018: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367907/the-effects-of-ethyl-2-cyanoacrylate-and-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate-in-the-process-of-bone-healing-in-rats-a-controlled-experimental-study
#13
Evandro Pereira Palacio, Gilberto José Cação Pereira, Paulo Roberto de Almeida Silvares, Gabriel Guimarães Di Stasi, Caio de Andrade Staut, Trajano Sardenberg
Objective: Synthetic adhesives are used by various medical specialties, especially in surgery; however, studies reporting their use in orthopedic practice are scarce. The aim of this study was to compare the results in using ethyl-2-cyanoacrylate or butyl-2-cyanoacrylate in the treatment of fractures in rats. Methods: This was an experimental prospective controlled study in 90 rats, with humerus, femur, and tibia fractures, treated with ethyl-2-cyanoacrylate (SB group; n = 45) or butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (HA group; n = 45)...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351596/freedom-solo%C3%A2-versus-trifecta%C3%A2-bioprostheses-clinical-and-haemodynamic-evaluation-after-propensity-score-matching
#14
Rui J Cerqueira, Renata Raimundo, Soraia Moreira, Francisca A Saraiva, Marta Andrade, Elson Salgueiro, Jorge Almeida, Mário Jorge Amorim, Paulo Pinho, André P Lourenço, Adelino Leite-Moreira
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to compare the stentless Freedom Solo® (FS) and the stented Trifecta® (TF) aortic bioprostheses with regard to haemodynamic profile, left ventricular mass regression and early and late postoperative outcomes and survival. METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study of consecutive patients undergoing aortic valve replacement (2009-16) with either the FS or TF at 1 centre was performed. Local databases and national records were queried...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339298/implementation-and-impact-of-an-audit-and-feedback-antimicrobial-stewardship-intervention-in-the-orthopaedics-department-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital-a-controlled-interrupted-time-series-study
#15
Margarida Tavares, Ana Cláudia Carvalho, José Pedro Almeida, Paulo Andrade, Ricardo São Simão, Pedro Soares, Carlos Alves, Rui Pinto, Arnaud Fontanet, Laurence Watier
A prospective audit and feedback antimicrobial stewardship intervention conducted in the Orthopaedics Department of a University Hospital in Portugal was evaluated by comparing an interrupted time series in an intervention group and a non-intervention (control) group. Monthly antibiotic use (except cefazolin) was measured as World Health Organization- and Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical-defined daily doses (DDD) from January 2012 to September 2016, excluding the 6-month phase of intervention implementation starting on January 1, 2015...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338159/ovariectomy-modifies-th2-and-th17-balance-in-balb-c-allergic-mice
#16
Marcos Paulo Almeida Souza, Fernanda Macedo da Silva Lima, Igor Pereira Muniz, Ítalo Sousa Pereira, Larissa Rodrigues de Oliveira Sousa, Maria Poliana Leite Galantini, Denisar Palmito Dos Santos, Tiana Baqueiro Figueiredo, Robson Amaro Augusto da Silva
Asthma is a chronic inflammation of the airways affecting over 300 million people worldwide. As in the autoimmune diseases, it is well described that women are the most affected by asthma. The higher number of women presenting this pathology suggests the involvement of female sex hormones in the construction of the allergic immune response. Female Balb / c mice were used for the experiments. Thirty-eight animals were separated into four groups: OVX-Ova; Sham-Ova; OVX-Sal; Sham-Sal. Then animals underwent acute allergic induction protocol by Ovalbulmin (OVA)...
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329621/first-parasitological-histopathological-and-molecular-characterization-of-echinococcus-vogeli-rausch-and-bernstein-1972-from-cuniculus-paca-linnaeus-1766-in-the-cerrado-biome-mato-grosso-do-sul-brazil
#17
Fernanda Bittencourt-Oliveira, Paulo Teixeira, Alba Alencar, Rodrigo Menezes, Christiane Corrêa, Leandro Neves, Fernanda Almeida, Daniel Daipert-Garcia, José Roberto Machado-Silva, Rosângela Rodrigues-Silva
Polycystic echinococcosis (PE) is caused by Echinococcus vogeli metacestodes (larval stage) in Neotropical countries. E. vogeli is trophically-transmitted between predators bush dogs (Speothos venaticus) and prey pacas (Cuniculus paca). In Brazil, reported PE cases are restricted to the Amazon biome. In this study, metacestodes from a paca hunted in Mato Grosso do Sul state (Cerrado biome) were identified morphological and histopathological techniques and further confirmed by molecular testing (sequencing of cytochrome C oxidase subunit I (cox1) gene) for the first time...
January 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324954/standard-operational-protocols-in-professional-nursing-practice-use-weaknesses-and-potentialities
#18
Camila Balsero Sales, Andrea Bernardes, Carmen Silvia Gabriel, Maria de Fátima Paiva Brito, André Almeida de Moura, Ariane Cristina Barboza Zanetti
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the use of Standard Operational Protocols (SOPs) in the professional practice of the nursing team based on the theoretical framework of Donabedian, as well as to identify the weaknesses and potentialities from its implementation. METHOD: Evaluative research, with quantitative approach performed with nursing professionals working in the Health Units of a city of São Paulo, composed of two stages: document analysis and subsequent application of a questionnaire to nursing professionals...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324723/error-recovery-in-the-time-triggered-paradigm-with-ftt-can
#19
Luis Marques, Verónica Vasconcelos, Paulo Pedreiras, Luís Almeida
Data networks are naturally prone to interferences that can corrupt messages, leading to performance degradation or even to critical failure of the corresponding distributed system. To improve resilience of critical systems, time-triggered networks are frequently used, based on communication schedules defined at design-time. These networks offer prompt error detection, but slow error recovery that can only be compensated with bandwidth overprovisioning. On the contrary, the Flexible Time-Triggered (FTT) paradigm uses online traffic scheduling, which enables a compromise between error detection and recovery that can achieve timely recovery with a fraction of the needed bandwidth...
January 11, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322308/quality-of-life-of-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-using-insulin-analog-glargine-compared-with-nph-insulin-a-systematic-review-and-policy-implications
#20
REVIEW
Paulo H R F Almeida, Thales B C Silva, Francisco de Assis Acurcio, Augusto A Guerra Júnior, Vania E Araújo, Leonardo M Diniz, Brian Godman, Alessandra M Almeida, Juliana Alvares
INTRODUCTION: Insulin analog glargine (GLA) has been available as one of the therapeutic options for patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus to enhance glycemic control. Studies have shown that a decrease in the frequency of hypoglycemic episodes improves the quality of life (QoL) of diabetic patients. However, there are appreciable acquisition cost differences between different insulins. Consequently, there is a need to assess their impact on QoL to provide future guidance to health authorities...
January 10, 2018: Patient
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