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Paulo Almeida

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724044/alcohol-and-tobacco-use-and-the-diseases-treated-in-general-practice
#1
Maria Flora de Almeida, Filipe Fernandes Ferreira, Mílton de Arruda Martins, Mario Ferreira
Objective: To characterize the use of alcohol and tobacco and correlate both to the diseases of outpatients in a general practice outpatient clinic. Method: The ASSIST (Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test) questionnaire was answered by 300 randomly chosen subjects assigned to different groups according to the diseases being treated at the Outpatient General and Teaching Clinic of the Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital das Clínicas of the University of São Paulo's School of Medicine (HC-FMUSP, in the Portuguese acronym), São Paulo, Brazil...
May 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717838/the-triterpenoid-alpha-beta-amyrin-prevents-the-impaired-aortic-vascular-reactivity-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-mice
#2
Flávia Almeida Santos, Karine Maria Martins Bezerra Carvalho, Francisco José Batista-Lima, Paulo Iury Gomes Nunes, Ana Flávia Seraine Custódio Viana, Armenio André de Carvalho Almeida da Silva, Said Gonçalves da Cruz Fonseca, Mariana Helena Chaves, Vietla Satyanarayana Rao, Pedro Jorge Caldas Magalhães, Teresinha Silva de Brito
To characterize the protective effects of the triterpenoid mixture alpha, beta-amyrin (AMY, 20 mg/kg, during 15 days) on the reactivity of isolated aorta of high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice. Male Swiss mice were fed with HFD or normal diet (ND) for 15 weeks. Contractions of thoracic aorta in response to KCl or phenylephrine (PHE) and relaxation by acetylcholine (ACh) or sodium nitroprusside (SNP) were analyzed. HFD-fed mice developed hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, and significant body weight gain, parameters prevented by AMY treatment...
July 17, 2017: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714849/proposal-for-a-unified-classification-system-and-nomenclature-of-lagoviruses
#3
Jacques Le Pendu, Joana Abrantes, Stéphane Bertagnoli, Jean-Sébastien Guitton, Ghislaine Le Gall-Reculé, Ana Margarida Lopes, Stéphane Marchandeau, Fernando Alda, Tereza Almeida, Alves Paulo Célio, Juan Bárcena, Galina Burmakina, Esther Blanco, Carlos Calvete, Patrizia Cavadini, Brian Cooke, Kevin Dalton, Miguel Delibes Mateos, Wieslaw Deptula, John Sebastian Eden, Fang Wang, Catarina C Ferreira, Paula Ferreira, Pilar Foronda, David Gonçalves, Dolores Gavier-Widén, Robin Hall, Beata Hukowska-Szematowicz, Peter Kerr, John Kovaliski, Antonio Lavazza, Jackie Mahar, Alexander Malogolovkin, Raquel M Marques, Sara Marques, Aaron Martin-Alonso, Pedro Monterroso, Sacramento Moreno, Greg Mutze, Aleksija Neimanis, Paulina Niedzwiedzka-Rystwej, David Peacock, Francisco Parra, Mara Rocchi, Carlos Rouco, Nathalie Ruvoën-Clouet, Eliane Silva, Diogo Silvério, Tanja Strive, Gertrudes Thompson, Beata Tokarz-Deptula, Pedro Esteves
Lagoviruses belong to the Caliciviridae family. They were first recognized as highly pathogenic viruses of the European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) and European brown hare (Lepus europaeus) that emerged in the 1970-1980s, namely, rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) and European brown hare syndrome virus (EBHSV), according to the host species from which they had been first detected. However, the diversity of lagoviruses has recently expanded to include new related viruses with varying pathogenicity, geographic distribution and host ranges...
July 17, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707994/do-craniopharyngioma-molecular-signatures-correlate-with-clinical-characteristics
#4
Sacit Bulent Omay, Yu-Ning Chen, Joao Paulo Almeida, Armando Saul Ruiz-Treviño, John A Boockvar, Philip E Stieg, Jeffrey P Greenfield, Mark M Souweidane, Ashutosh Kacker, David J Pisapia, Vijay K Anand, Theodore H Schwartz
OBJECTIVE Exome sequencing studies have recently demonstrated that papillary craniopharyngiomas (PCPs) and adamantinomatous craniopharyngiomas (ACPs) have distinct genetic origins, each primarily driven by mutually exclusive alterations: either BRAF ( V600E), observed in 95% of PCPs, or CTNNB1, observed in 75%-96% of ACPs. How the presence of these molecular signatures, or their absence, correlates with clinical, radiographic, and outcome variables is unknown. METHODS The pathology records for patients who underwent surgery for craniopharyngiomas between May 2000 and March 2015 at Weill Cornell Medical College were reviewed...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693884/the-flavonoid-rutin-modulates-microglial-macrophage-activation-to-a-cd150-cd206-m2-phenotype
#5
Alessandra Bispo da Silva, Paulo Lucas Cerqueira Coelho, Jessika Alves Oliveira Amparo, Monique Marylin Alves de Almeida Carneiro, Julita Maria Pereira Borges, Cleide Dos Santos Souza, Maria de Fátima Dias Costa, Miriam Mecha, Carmen Guaza Rodriguez, Victor Diogenes Amaral da Silva, Silvia Lima Costa
Rutin is a glycosylated flavonoid present in many fruits and plants that has been demonstrated to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. However, little is known about the mechanisms underlying microglial activation and its effects on the regulation of cytokines and chemokines associated with inflammatory responses in the central nervous system. In this study we examined the effect of rutin on resting or lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated microglia and characterized their modulation to an activated M1 phenotype or an alternatively activated M2 phenotype...
July 8, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693539/genomic-prediction-in-contrast-to-a-genome-wide-association-study-in-explaining-heritable-variation-of-complex-growth-traits-in-breeding-populations-of-eucalyptus
#6
Bárbara S F Müller, Leandro G Neves, Janeo E de Almeida Filho, Márcio F R Resende, Patricio R Muñoz, Paulo E T Dos Santos, Estefano Paludzyszyn Filho, Matias Kirst, Dario Grattapaglia
BACKGROUND: The advent of high-throughput genotyping technologies coupled to genomic prediction methods established a new paradigm to integrate genomics and breeding. We carried out whole-genome prediction and contrasted it to a genome-wide association study (GWAS) for growth traits in breeding populations of Eucalyptus benthamii (n =505) and Eucalyptus pellita (n =732). Both species are of increasing commercial interest for the development of germplasm adapted to environmental stresses...
July 11, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690872/physiological-and-lipid-profile-response-to-acute-exercise-at-different-intensities-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury
#7
Eduardo S Alves, Ronaldo Vt Santos, Francieli S Ruiz, Fabio S Lira, Alexandre A Almeida, Giscard Lima, Thatiana Cs Goni, Lila Oyama, Kate M Edwards, Sergio Tufik, Marco Túlio De Mello
STUDY DESIGN: Experimental and cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE: To assess the immediate effect of exercise on heart rate (HR), oxygen uptake (VO2), pulmonary ventilation (PV), oxygen pulse (OP), glucose and lipids of wheelchair basketball players with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Center of Studies in Psychobiology and Exercise-São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: In all, nine wheelchair basketball players with SCI and nine able-bodied controls (C) performed three exercise sessions at different intensities: ventilatory threshold 1 (VT1), 15% below VT1 and 15% above VT1 with a duration of ~24-34 min...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688821/does-an-association-exist-between-the-presence-of-lower-third-molar-and-mandibular-angle-fractures-a%C3%A2-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Wagner de Sousa Ruela, Vinícius Lima de Almeida, Luciana Monti Lima-Rivera, Pâmela Letícia Dos Santos, André Luís Porporatti, Paulo Henrique Luiz de Freitas, Luiz Renato Paranhos
PURPOSE: The current data suggest that the presence of lower third molars predisposes the patient to a greater risk of mandibular angle fracture. Thus, the present review sought to determine whether an association exists between the presence of a lower third molar and the occurrence of a mandibular angle fracture in adults and to assess the influence of third molar position according to the Pell and Gregory classification. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was a systematic review and meta-analysis of analytical observational studies...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688051/transtubular-excisional-biopsy-as-a-rescue-for-a-non-diagnostic-stereotactic-needle-biopsy-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Yu-Ning Chen, Sacit Bulent Omay, Sathwik R Shetty, Buqing Liang, João Paulo Almeida, Armando S Ruiz-Treviño, Ehud Lavi, Theodore H Schwartz
Stereotactic needle biopsy, a standard of care for acquiring deep-seated pathology, has limitations and risks in some situations. We present an uncommon case with basal ganglia dematiaceous mycetoma. Due to the firm consistency of the lesion, the initial stereotactic needle biopsy failed to provide a diagnosis. In a second operation, transtubular excisional biopsy was successfully performed to remove the entire mycetoma. We reviewed recent case series of transtubular approaches to deep-seated brain lesions and suggest this method could be a rescue for a non-diagnostic stereotactic needle biopsy and even may be the approach of choice in some cases...
July 7, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681084/photobiomodulation-therapy-action-in-wound-repair-skin-induced-in-aged-rats-old-time-course-of-biomarkers-inflammatory-and-repair
#10
Franciane Barbieri Fiorio, Solange Almeida Dos Santos, Caroline Sobral de Melo Rambo, Camila Guerra Dalbosco, Andrey Jorge Serra, Brunno Lemes de Melo, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho
Previous studies have discussed an inverse correlation between age and wound healing, because it relates to the association of aging with a gradual decrease in healing capacity. Treatment with photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) improves wound healing by inducing increases in mitotic activity, numbers of fibroblasts, collagen synthesis, and neovascularization. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the effects of PBMT in cutaneous wound healing in aged rats. A punch biopsy of 8 mm in diameter was performed to produce a skin wound...
July 5, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678958/antigenotoxicity-protection-of-carapa-guianensis-oil-against-mitomycin-c-and-cyclophosphamide-in-mouse-bone-marrow
#11
Susy R Lemes, Dwight A Chaves, Nelson J DA Silva, Cristiene C Carneiro, Lee Chen-Chen, Luciane M DE Almeida, Pablo J Gonçalves, Paulo R DE Melo-Reis
The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible protective of C. guianensis oil against MMC and CP, which are direct- and indirect-acting chemical mutagens, using the micronucleus test. Three experiments were performed. First the C. guianensis oil was co-administered to mice at doses of 250, 500 and 1000 mg/kg bw with 4 mg/kg bw MMC or 50 mg/kg bw CP. Second, the mutagenic drug (CP) was administered ip 50 mg/kg bw and after 6 and 12 hours 250 and 500 mg/kg bw of C. guianensis oil were administered. In the last, C...
June 29, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678905/epidemiological-surveillance-of-tegumentary-leishmaniasis-local-territorial-analysis
#12
Valdenir Bandeira Soares, Andréa Sobral de Almeida, Paulo Chagastelles Sabroza, Waldemir Paixão Vargas
OBJECTIVE: To propose a new operational unit in the locality scale capable of subsidizing the construction of an information system to control the transmission of tegumentary leishmaniasis at this scale, in a region of high endemicity of the Atlantic Forest. METHODS: We examined the adequacy of data and instruments in an area of high endemicity in the Atlantic Forest located in the South of the State of Rio de Janeiro from 1990 to 2012. The study proposed an operational unit called Local Surveillance Unit to make all used databases compatible by adjusting census sectors...
June 26, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678903/factors-associated-with-reinfection-of-syphilis-in-reference-centers-for-sexually-transmitted-infections
#13
Valéria Correa de Almeida, Maria Rita Donalisio, Ricardo Cordeiro
OBJECTIVE: We aim to analyze trend of syphilis and factors associated with recurrent episodes of syphilis among adults and adolescents attended in a STI/AIDS reference centers in Campinas, state of São Paulo, 2004 to 2012. METHODS: Medical records, pharmacy data, and notification database were accessed to analyze trends of syphilis and sociodemographic, epidemiological and clinical variables associated with reinfection of syphilis. After univariate analysis, a hierarchical logistic regression model was adjusted to analyze variables associated with more than one episode of syphilis (dependent variable)...
June 26, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678109/age-correlated-phenotypic-alterations-in-cells-isolated-from-human-degenerated-intervertebral-discs-with-contained-hernias
#14
Maria Molinos, Carla Cunha, Catarina R Almeida, Raquel M Gonçalves, Paulo Pereira, Pedro Santos Silva, Rui Vaz, Mário A Barbosa
STUDY DESIGN: Human intervertebral disc (hIVD) cells were isolated from 41 surgically excised samples and assessed for their phenotypic alterations with age. OBJECTIVE: Towards the design of novel anti-ageing strategies to overcome degenerative disc disease (DDD), we investigated age-correlated phenotypic alterations that occur on primary hIVD cells. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although regenerative medicine holds great hope, much is still to be unveiled on IVD cell biology and its intrinsic signalling pathways, which can lead the way to successful therapies for IDD...
July 3, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677421/molecular-detection-of-viral-agents-in-free-ranging-and-captive-neotropical-felids-in-brazil
#15
Mariana Malzoni Furtado, Sueli Akemi Taniwaki, Iracema Nunes de Barros, Paulo Eduardo Brandão, José Luiz Catão-Dias, Sandra Cavalcanti, Laury Cullen, Claudia Filoni, Anah Tereza de Almeida Jácomo, Rodrigo Silva Pinto Jorge, Nairléia Dos Santos Silva, Leandro Silveira, José Soares Ferreira Neto
We describe molecular testing for felid alphaherpesvirus 1 (FHV-1), carnivore protoparvovirus 1 (CPPV-1), feline calicivirus (FCV), alphacoronavirus 1 (feline coronavirus [FCoV]), feline leukemia virus (FeLV), feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), and canine distemper virus (CDV) in whole blood samples of 109 free-ranging and 68 captive neotropical felids from Brazil. Samples from 2 jaguars ( Panthera onca) and 1 oncilla ( Leopardus tigrinus) were positive for FHV-1; 2 jaguars, 1 puma ( Puma concolor), and 1 jaguarundi ( Herpairulus yagouaroundi) tested positive for CPPV-1; and 1 puma was positive for FIV...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676783/the-word-composite-effect-depends-on-abstract-lexical-representations-but-not-surface-features-like-case-and-font
#16
Paulo Ventura, Tânia Fernandes, Isabel Leite, Vítor B Almeida, Inês Casqueiro, Alan C-N Wong
Prior studies have shown that words show a composite effect: When readers perform a same-different matching task on a target-part of a word, performance is affected by the irrelevant part, whose influence is severely reduced when the two parts are misaligned. However, the locus of this word composite effect is largely unknown. To enlighten it, in two experiments, Portuguese readers performed the composite task on letter strings: in Experiment 1, in written words varying in surface features (between-participants: courier, notera, alternating-cAsE), and in Experiment 2 in pseudowords...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675075/factors-associated-with-body-image-perception-among-brazilian-students-from-low-human-development-index-areas
#17
Thábyta Silva de Araujo, Valter Cordeiro Barbosa Filho, Fabiane do Amaral Gubert, Paulo César de Almeida, Mariana Cavalcante Martins, Queliane Gomes da Silva Carvalho, Ana Cristina Pereira de Jesus Costa, Neiva Francenely Cunha Vieira
This study aimed to evaluate sociodemographic, behavioral, and individual factors associated with body image perception in a sample of adolescents from schools in low Human Development Index areas in Brazil. This cross-sectional study included 609 boys and 573 girls (aged 11-17 years). Body image perception (nine-silhouettes scale) and sociodemographic, behavioral, and individual variables were included. Multinomial logistic regression analysis was used. Most boys (76.9%) and girls (77.5%) were dissatisfied with their body image...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673457/incidence-and-vertical-transmission-rate-of-neospora-caninum-in-sheep
#18
Paulo César G A Filho, Júnior M B Oliveira, Muller R Andrade, José G Silva, Pomy C P Kim, Jonatas C Almeida, Wagnner J N Porto, Rinaldo A Mota
The infection by Neospora caninum in sheep can lead to abortion and the birth of weak and debilitated lambs. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of natural infection by Neospora caninum and the vertical transmission rate among sheep. A flock of 50 sheep was monitored for serum antibody titres against N. caninum and seroconversion over a period of six months using an indirect ELISA technique. The offspring of the herd was also investigated regarding anti-N. caninum antibodies to determine the vertical transmission rate through the indirect immunofluorescence technique...
June 2017: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670039/atypical-presentation-of-mature-cystic-teratoma-floating-balls
#19
Ana Paula Barroso Pazinatto Espindola, Viviane Brandão Amorim, Hilton Augusto Koch, Paulo Roberto Valle Bahia, Márcio V P Almeida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Radiologia Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670026/diffusion-weighted-imaging-of-suspicious-bi-rads-4-breast-lesions-stratification-based-on-histopathology
#20
João Ricardo Maltez de Almeida, André Boechat Gomes, Thomas Pitangueira Barros, Paulo Eduardo Fahel, Mario de Souza Rocha
OBJECTIVE: To test the use of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in stratifying suspicious breast lesions (BI-RADS 4), correlating them with histopathology. We also investigated the performance of DWI related to the main enhancement patterns (mass and non-mass) and tested its reproducibility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-six patients presented 92 lesions during the sampling period. Two independent examiners reviewed magnetic resonance imaging studies, described the lesions, and determined the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values...
May 2017: Radiologia Brasileira
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