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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924683/cancer-survivorship-in-adults
#1
Cecilie E Kiserud, Alv A Dahl, Sophie D Fosså
With the favorable trend regarding survival of cancer in the Western world, there is an increasing focus among patients, clinicians, researchers, and politicians regarding cancer survivors' health and well-being. The number of survivors grows rapidly, and more than 3% of the adult populations in Western countries have survived cancer for 5 years or more. Cancer survivors are at increased risk for a variety of late effects after treatment, some life-threatening such as secondary cancer and cardiac diseases, while others mainly have negative impact on daily functioning and health-related quality of life (HRQOL)...
2018: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923310/factors-associated-with-specific-diagnostic-and-statistical-manual-of-mental-disorders-fourth-edition-sexual-dysfunctions-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-study-of-patients-and-their-partners
#2
Susanna B Hummel, Daniela E E Hahn, Jacques J D M van Lankveld, Hester S A Oldenburg, Eva Broomans, Neil K Aaronson
BACKGROUND: Many women develop sexual problems after breast cancer (BC) treatment. Little is known about BC survivors with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) sexual dysfunction and their partners, and the factors associated with their sexual functioning. AIM: To evaluate (i) patient-related and clinical factors associated with (a) specific DSM-IV sexual dysfunctions and (b) level of sexual functioning and sexual distress as reported by BC survivors and (ii) the association between the sexual functioning of BC survivors and that of their partners...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922735/assessing-the-interplay-of-childhood-adversities-with-more-recent-stressful-life-events-and-conditions-in-predicting-panic-pathology-among-adults-from-the-general-population
#3
E Asselmann, J Stender, H J Grabe, J König, C O Schmidt, A O Hamm, C A Pané-Farré
BACKGROUND: Although research suggests that (a) childhood adversities and more recent stressful life events/conditions are risk factors for panic pathology and that (b) early life stress increases vulnerability to later psychopathology, it remains unclear whether childhood adversities amplify the association between more recent stressful life events/conditions and panic pathology. METHODS: Data were derived from a general population sample (Study of Health in Pomerania, SHIP)...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914080/gender-identity-and-sexual-orientation-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Rita George, Mark A Stokes
Clinical impressions indicate that there is an overrepresentation of gender-dysphoria within the autism spectrum disorder. However, little is presently known about the demographics of gender-identity issues in autism spectrum disorder. Based upon what little is known, we hypothesized that there would be an increased prevalence of gender-dysphoria among those with autism spectrum disorder compared to a typically developing population. We surveyed gender-dysphoria with the Gender-Identity/Gender-Dysphoria Questionnaire among 90 males and 219 females with autism spectrum disorder and compared these rates to those of 103 males and 158 females without autism spectrum disorder...
September 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913116/evaluation-of-sleep-disorder-and-its-effect-on-sexual-dysfunction-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#5
Tuba Tülay Koca, Günseli Karaca Acet, Emrullah Tanrıkut, Burcu Talu
OBJECTIVE: Sexual problems are commonly seen in women with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). The objective of this study was to reveal the relationship between the severity of symptoms, sleep disorder, and sexual dysfunction in women with FMS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 140 sexually active women with FMS aged 17-67 years who presented to our physical medicine and rehabilitation outpatient clinic between January 2016 and June 2016 were enrolled in the study. The patients' age, height, body weight, body mass index (BMI), and general pain score [visual analogue scale, (VAS)] for the last 1 week were recorded...
December 2016: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911201/gene-expression-profiling-of-puberty-associated-genes-reveals-abundant-tissue-and-sex-specific-changes-across-postnatal-development
#6
Huayun Hou, Liis Uusküla-Reimand, Maisam Makarem, Christina Corre, Shems Saleh, Ariane Metcalf, Anna Goldenberg, Mark R Palmert, And Michael D Wilson
The timing of human puberty is highly variable, sexually dimorphic, and associated with adverse health outcomes. Over 20 genes carrying rare mutations have been identified in known pubertal disorders, many of which encode critical components of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis. Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified more than 100 candidate genes at loci associated with age at menarche or voice breaking in males. We know little about the spatial, temporal or postnatal expression patterns of the majority of these puberty-associated genes...
September 15, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884246/impulsivity-dimensions-and-risky-sex-behaviors-in-an-at-risk-young-adult-sample
#7
Inga Curry, Jeremy W Luk, Ryan S Trim, Christian J Hopfer, John K Hewitt, Michael C Stallings, Sandra A Brown, Tamara L Wall
Impulsivity is a personality-based risk factor that has been well studied in relation to risky sexual behavior. Recent conceptualizations of impulsivity have proposed multidimensional facets comprised of premeditation, perseverance, sensation seeking, negative urgency, and positive urgency (UPPS-P model). Prior studies have found that these facets are associated with risky sexual behavior in adolescent and college student samples, but no prior studies have evaluated them in clinical samples. The current study examined how impulsivity-related traits related to two different risky sexual behaviors in a clinical sample of at-risk young adults who had both conduct disorder and substance use disorder symptoms as adolescents (n = 529)...
September 7, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877047/autism-spectrum-disorders-in-adolescence-and-adulthood-focus-on-sexuality
#8
Daniel Turner, Peer Briken, Daniel Schöttle
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The combination of the core symptoms, characterizing individuals with autism-spectrum disorder (ASD), can lead to problems in romantic relationships and sexual functioning. The purpose of this article is to review studies on sexuality in individuals with ASD published since January 2016. RECENT FINDINGS: Individuals with ASD and especially women show a higher diversity in sexual orientation in comparison with the non-ASD population. Furthermore, ASD women are more frequently in a relationship and usually report more previous sexual experiences...
September 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875484/women-s-auto-biography-and-dissociative-identity-disorder-implications-for-mental-health-practice
#9
Kendal Tomlinson, Charley Baker
Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) is an uncommon disorder that has long been associated with exposure to traumatic stressors exceeding manageable levels commonly encompassing physical, psychological and sexual abuse in childhood that is prolonged and severe in nature. In DID, dissociation continues after the traumatic experience and produces a disruption in identity where distinct personality states develop. These personalities are accompanied by variations in behaviour, emotions, memory, perception and cognition...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873375/non-invasive-prenatal-testing-for-sex-chromosome-aneuploidy-in-routine-clinical-practice
#10
Louise Kornman, Ricardo Palma-Dias, Debbie Nisbet, Fergus Scott, Melody Menezes, Fabricio da Silva Costa, Andrew McLennan
OBJECTIVES: To assess the accuracy of non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) for sex chromosome aneuploidy (SCA) in routine clinical practice and to review counselling and sonographic issues arising in SCA cases. METHODS: Three specialist Australian obstetric ultrasound and prenatal diagnosis practices offering NIPT after 10 weeks' gestation participated in this study. NIPT was reported for chromosomes 21, 18, 13, X, and Y. RESULTS: NIPT screening was performed in 5,267 singleton pregnancies...
September 6, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872468/sexual-disorders-beyond-dsm-5-the-unfinished-affaire
#11
Felipe Navarro-Cremades, Chiara Simonelli, Angel L Montejo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an overview of post-The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed. classifications related to human sexuality. After reviewing the literature on classification and clinical practice of sexual disorders, some of the most important contributions on main sexological classifications and frameworks were selected, especially from January 2016 till June 2017. RECENT FINDINGS: New relevant contributions on psychiatric and sexological classifications and frameworks have been proposed, such as the international classification of diseases 11th revision (ICD-11), research domain criteria, the third edition of the Diagnostic Manual in Sexology and the person-centered psychiatry perspective...
September 1, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865901/neuroimaging-of-female-sexual-desire-and-hypoactive-sexual-desire-disorder
#12
REVIEW
Stephanie Cacioppo
INTRODUCTION: Recent advances in neuroimaging offer an unprecedented window into the female sexual brain. The small samples and poor statistical power of individual functional magnetic resonance imaging studies have limited what can be gleaned about the systematic brain network that is involved in female sexual desire and female sexual dysfunction (eg, hypoactive sexual desire disorder [HSDD]). AIM: To quantitatively determine the brain network involved in HSDD...
August 30, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859874/biochemical-analysis-of-four-missense-mutations-in-the-hsd17b3-gene-associated-with-46-xy-disorders-of-sex-development-in-egyptian-patients
#13
Roger T Engeli, Maria Tsachaki, Heba A Hassan, Christoph P Sager, Mona L Essawi, Yehia Z Gad, Alaa K Kamel, Inas Mazen, Alex Odermatt
BACKGROUND: Mutations in the HSD17B3 gene are associated with a 46,XY disorder of sexual development (46,XY DSD) as a result of low testosterone production during embryogenesis. AIM: To elucidate the molecular basis of the disorder by chemically analyzing four missense mutations in HSD17B3 (T54A, M164T, L194P, G289S) from Egyptian patients with 46,XY DSD. METHODS: Expression plasmids for wild-type 17β-hydroxysteroid hydrogenase type 3 (17β-HSD3) and mutant enzymes generated by site-directed mutagenesis were transiently transfected into human HEK-293 cells...
September 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858639/childhood-trauma-and-psychosis-beyond-the-association
#14
Grégoire Baudin, Andrei Szoke, Jean-Romain Richard, Antoine Pelissolo, Marion Leboyer, Franck Schürhoff
Childhood traumas have been extensively associated with the development of psychotic disorders. However, our understanding of processes underlying this relationship remains poor. In order to address this issue, we examined which specific aspects of childhood trauma are significantly associated with a first episode of psychosis. 109 patients with first episode of psychosis and 145 controls representative from general population were recruited in three centers in France. Child experiences of care and abuses allowed obtaining information about types of childhood trauma, age at first exposure, identity of perpetrator, and social support...
August 28, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845623/human-sex-development-from-basic-science-to-clinical-practice-and-back
#15
Anna Biason-Lauber
The process of sexual differentiation is central for the reproduction of almost all metazoan, and therefore for the maintenance of multicellular organisms. In sex development, we can distinguish two different processes¸ sex determination, the l decision directing the undifferentiated embryo into a sexually dimorphic individual. In mammals, sex determination equals gonadal development. The second process, sex differentiation, takes place once factors produced by the gonads determine the development of the phenotypic sex...
September 2017: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839245/hypermasculinised-facial-morphology-in-boys-and-girls-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-its-association-with-symptomatology
#16
Diana Weiting Tan, Syed Zulqarnain Gilani, Murray T Maybery, Ajmal Mian, Anna Hunt, Mark Walters, Andrew J O Whitehouse
Elevated prenatal testosterone exposure has been associated with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and facial masculinity. By employing three-dimensional (3D) photogrammetry, the current study investigated whether prepubescent boys and girls with ASD present increased facial masculinity compared to typically-developing controls. There were two phases to this research. 3D facial images were obtained from a normative sample of 48 boys and 53 girls (3.01-12.44 years old) to determine typical facial masculinity/femininity...
August 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830721/food-addiction-among-sexual-minorities
#17
Jacob C Rainey, Celina R Furman, Ashley N Gearhardt
Although sexual minorities represent a small proportion of the general population, this group has been observed to be at an increased risk of developing various pathologies, including substance use and eating disorders. Research suggests that foods high in added fat and refined carbohydrates may trigger an addictive response, especially in at-risk individuals. Consequently, food addiction is associated with elevated risk for obesity, diet-related disease, and psychological distress. However, there is limited research on whether food addiction, like substance use, may be elevated among sexual minorities, and whether self-compassion may be a protective factor...
August 19, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828867/guidelines-for-support-to-mothers-of-sexually-abused-children-in-north-west-province
#18
Gaboipolelwe M Masilo, Mashudu Davhana-Maselesele
BACKGROUND: South Africa is reported to have the highest rate of sexual assault in the world with over 40% of cases occurring among children. Children who are sexually abused have support programmes and policies to assist them in coping, but there are no support programmes for mothers or caretakers. Caretakers need support for themselves and assisting them will incrementally benefit children under their care. Often mothers of these children experience shock, anger, disbelief and suffer secondary trauma such as depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following their children's sexual abuse disclosure and yet there are no guidelines for support to these mothers within North-West province (NWP)Objectives: The study seeks to develop guidelines for support to mothers of sexually abused children in NWP...
July 25, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825592/the-evaluation-of-cases-with-y-chromosome-gonadal-dysgenesis-clinical-experience-for-18-years
#19
Merih Berberoğlu, Zeynep Şıklar
OBJECTIVE: Y-chromosome gonadal dysgenesis (GD) is a rare subgroup of disorders of sexual development (DSD) which results from underdeveloped testis, which may consist heterogenous symptoms. They are phenotypically classified into 2 groups as complete and partial; while karyotypic description was as 46,XY GD and 45,X/46,XY GD. METHODS: Thirty eight cases were followed-up between 1998 and 2016. The age of admission were within 0 to 17,16 decimal years. Clinical and laboratory findings as well as follow-up characteristics of cases were evaluated retrospectively from the patient reports...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818420/predicting-sexual-assault-perpetration-in-the-u-s-army-using-administrative-data
#20
Anthony J Rosellini, John Monahan, Amy E Street, Maria V Petukhova, Nancy A Sampson, David M Benedek, Paul Bliese, Murray B Stein, Robert J Ursano, Ronald C Kessler
INTRODUCTION: The Department of Defense uses a universal prevention framework for sexual assault prevention, with each branch implementing its own branch-wide programs. Intensive interventions exist, but would be cost effective only if targeted at high-risk personnel. This study developed actuarial models to identify male U.S. Army soldiers at high risk of administratively recorded sexual assault perpetration. METHODS: This study investigated administratively recorded sexual assault perpetration among the 821,807 male Army soldiers serving 2004-2009...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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