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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319167/association-between-internet-addiction-and-depression-in-thai-medical-students-at-faculty-of-medicine-ramathibodi-hospital
#1
Thummaporn Boonvisudhi, Sanchai Kuladee
OBJECTIVE: To study the extent of Internet addiction (IA) and its association with depression in Thai medical students. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital. Participants were first- to fifth-year medical students who agreed to participate in this study. Demographic characteristics and stress-related factors were derived from self-rated questionnaires. Depression was assessed using the Thai version of Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319129/changes-in-salivary-microbiota-increase-volatile-sulfur-compounds-production-in-healthy-male-subjects-with-academic-related-chronic-stress
#2
Bruno Dias Nani, Patricia Oliveira de Lima, Fernanda Klein Marcondes, Francisco Carlos Groppo, Gustavo Sattolo Rolim, Antonio Bento Alves de Moraes, Karina Cogo-Müller, Michelle Franz-Montan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations among salivary bacteria, oral emanations of volatile sulfur compounds, and academic-related chronic stress in healthy male subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-eight healthy male undergraduate dental students were classified as stressed or not by evaluation of burnout, a syndrome attributed to academic-related chronic stress. This evaluation was carried out using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey questionnaire...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315113/-i-d-been-like-freaking-out-the-whole-night-exploring-emotion-regulation-based-on-junior-doctors-narratives
#3
Robert M Lundin, Kiran Bashir, Alison Bullock, Camille E Kostov, Karen L Mattick, Charlotte E Rees, Lynn V Monrouxe
The importance of emotions within medical practice is well documented. Research suggests that how clinicians deal with negative emotions can affect clinical decision-making, health service delivery, clinician well-being, attentiveness to patient care and patient satisfaction. Previous research has identified the transition from student to junior doctor (intern) as a particularly challenging time. While many studies have highlighted the presence of emotions during this transition, how junior doctors manage emotions has rarely been considered...
March 17, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303627/camp-dependent-regulation-of-rhoa-rho-kinase-attenuates-detrusor-overactivity-in-a-novel-mouse-experimental-model
#4
William Akakpo, Biljana Musicki, Arthur L Burnett
OBJECTIVES: To investigate detrusor function and cAMP activation as a possible target for detrusor overactivity in an experimental model lacking a key denitrosylation enzyme, S-nitrosoglutathione reductase (GSNOR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: GSNOR-deficient (GSNOR(-/-) ) (n=30) and wild-type (WT) mice (n=26) were treated for 7 days with the cAMP activator, colforsin (1mg/kg), or vehicle intraperitoneally. Cystometric studies or molecular analyses of bladder specimens were performed...
March 16, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302992/subjective-experiences-of-a-yogo-teacher-with-reference-to-health-support-activities-carried-out-in-the-first-year-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-a-case-study-based-on-a-narrative-approach
#5
Chiharu Aoyagi, Shiomi Kanaizumi, Kumiko Shikama, Keiko Sakou
Objectives To offer an empirical lens-based on the account of a yogo teacher employed at a temporary school in the community where she was relocated after experiencing the Great East Japan Earthquake alongside her students-into the subjective experience of health support activities carried out during the year immediately following the disaster.Method An interview was conducted with one yogo teacher who experienced the Great East Japan Earthquake, employed at a public junior high school in the region to where she was evacuated...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299475/group-interventions-to-promote-mental-health-in-health-professional-education-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#6
Kristin Lo, Jamie Waterland, Paula Todd, Tanvi Gupta, Margaret Bearman, Craig Hassed, Jennifer L Keating
Effects of interventions for improving mental health of health professional students has not been established. This review analysed interventions to support mental health of health professional students and their effects. The full holdings of Medline, PsycINFO, EBM Reviews, Cinahl Plus, ERIC and EMBASE were searched until 15th April 2016. Inclusion criteria were randomised controlled trials of undergraduate and post graduate health professional students, group interventions to support mental health compared to alternative education, usual curriculum or no intervention; and post-intervention measurements for intervention and control participants of mindfulness, anxiety, depression, stress/distress or burnout...
March 15, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298771/attenuation-of-hemodynamic-response-to-skull-pin-head-holder-insertion-intravenous-clonidine-versus-intravenous-lignocaine-infusion
#7
Nethra H Nanjundaswamy, Vinay Marulasiddappa
BACKGROUND: Insertion of skull pin induces a significant increase in heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP) and intracranial pressure. Alpha 2 agonist clonidine and intravenous (i.v.) lignocaine are effective in attenuating stress response. Local infiltration of pin site and scalp block with lignocaine are commonly used techniques for prevention of hemodynamic response to skull pin insertion. We compared the effectiveness of i.v. clonidine infusion and i.v. lignocaine infusion in suppressing the hemodynamic response to skull pin head holder insertion...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298364/relevance-of-clerkship-characteristics-in-changing-students-interest-in-family-medicine-a-questionnaire-survey
#8
Anna Herwig, Anja Viehmann, Anika Thielmann, Stefan Gesenhues, Birgitta Weltermann
OBJECTIVES: Exposure to family medicine (FM) can serve to promote students' interest in this field. This study aimed at identifying clerkship characteristics which decrease or increase students' interest in FM. DESIGN: This cross-sectional questionnaire study analysed students' clerkship evaluations between the years 2004 and 2014. Descriptive statistics were used to compare four predefined groups: (1) high interest in FM before and after the clerkship (Remained high), (2) poor interest before and after the clerkship (Remained low), (3) poor interest before the clerkship which improved (Increased) and (4) high interest before the clerkship which decreased (Decreased)...
March 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294312/the-mediating-role-of-cultural-coping-behaviours-on-the-relationships-between-academic-stress-and-positive-psychosocial-well-being-outcomes
#9
Ben C H Kuo, Kendall M Soucie, Siqi Huang, Refa Laith
While culture's effect on the coping process has long been acknowledged in the stress-coping literature conceptually, empirical evidence and attempts to discern the specific relationship between culture and coping remain very scarce. Against this backdrop, the present study applied the Cultural Transactional Theory (Chun, Moos, & Cronkite, 2006) to examine the mediating role of cultural coping behaviours (Collective, Engagement and Avoidance Coping) on the relationship between academic stress (AS) and two positive psychosocial well-being outcome measures: Collective Self-esteem (CSE) and Subjective Well-being (SWB)...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291292/-psychotic-experiences-in-the-adaptation-process-to-a-new-social-environment
#10
Tolga Binbay, Emre Mısır, Ebru Onrat Özsoydan, Mert Artuk, Simay Fidan, Arzu Karakiraz, Ezgi Önder, Arjin Öztürk, Merve Buse Sayın, Halis Ulaş, Berna Akdede, Köksal Alptekin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between psychotic experiences (PEs) and social stress and discrimination during adaptation to a new social context. METHOD: First-term university students (n: 164) were screened to determine if they had had any PEs, social adaptation-related stress, and/or perceived discrimination in the prior six months. The positive dimension of the Community Assessment of Psychic Experiences (CAPE) was used to define PEs. Social relations and discrimination in the students' new social contexts (both narrow (i...
2017: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290937/depression-and-anxiety-in-greek-male-veterans-after-retirement
#11
Aspa Kypraiou, Pavlos Sarafis, Andreas Tsounis, Georgia Bitsi, Elias Andreanides, Theodoros Constantinidis, Evaggelia Kotrotsiou, Maria Malliarou
INTRODUCTION: Retirement is a turning point in human life, resulting in changes to physical and mental health status. The aim of this study was to examine the factors that are related with depression and anxiety symptoms in Greek male veterans after retirement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 502 veterans participated in a cross-sectional study. Beck Depression Inventory for depression assessment and Spielberger Trait Anxiety Inventory for anxiety assessment were used...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282069/-burnout-engagement-and-personality-factors-in-medical-students-at-a-public-university
#12
Gladys V Hansen, Marcela D'Urso Villar, Liliana N Fracchia
Medical students can develop burnout syndrome, characterized by exhaustion, cynical attitude towards study and negative consequences on wellbeing and academic performance. Engagement, theoretically syndrome "opposite" to burnout, shows a positive influence on personal and academic performance. To study the association of syndromes burnout and engagement with personality factors in medical students, a longitudinal observational, descriptive study of a cohort follow-up was performed. Three questionnaires were used: reduced inventory NEO Five-Factor (NEO FFI) administered at the beginning of the sixth year; the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey and Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, applied at the end of the seventh year...
September 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281919/retraumatization-mediates-the-effect-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-on-clinical-training-related-secondary-traumatic-stress-symptoms
#13
Lisa D Butler, Eugene Maguin, Janice Carello
Previous research (AuthorCitation1) has found that exposure to trauma-related material in graduate clinical coursework and field training can put students at risk for reactivations of feelings/memories from negative past experiences (retraumatization) and for secondary traumatic stress (STS) symptoms. The present report sought to examine the role, if any, of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in these outcomes. Using the AuthorCitaiton2 sample, we examined: (1) rates of ACEs in 195 graduate social work students, (2) whether the total number of ACEs was associated with training-related retraumatization (TRT) and/or STS symptoms, and (3) if TRT mediated the relationship between ACEs and STS symptoms...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280405/clinical-training-in-medical-students-during-preclinical-years-in-the-skill-lab
#14
Namrata Upadhayay
BACKGROUND: In Nepal, medical education is a high-stakes and stressful course. To enhance learning and minimize students' stress, the conventional method has been replaced by integrated, student-centered learning. As an approach to train effectively, colleges have started establishing skill labs. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of clinical skill training on exam performance as compared with the conventional teaching practice. Further, to assess the perceptions of students of the importance of skill lab training in college...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276895/the-influence-of-stress-on-juvenile-delinquency-focusing-on-the-buffering-effects-of-protective-factors-among-korean-adolescents
#15
Hye Sook Jeon, JongSerl Chun
The present study sought to examine self-control, parental support, and peer support as internal and external protective factors that buffer the influence of adolescent stress on delinquency among Korean adolescents. To this end, the paper utilized the 1st-year data from the Korea Youth Panel Study (KYPS) conducted by the National Youth Policy Institute; the study surveyed a total of 3,449 2nd-year middle school students. The results of the hierarchical regression analysis indicated that despite high levels of stress, high self-control mitigated the negative influence of stress on delinquency in adolescents...
February 15, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276707/automatic-affective-motivational-regulation-processes-underlying-supportive-dyadic-coping-the-role-of-increased-implicit-positive-attitudes-toward-communal-goals-in-response-to-a-stressed-relationship-partner
#16
Nicolas Koranyi, Peter Hilpert, Veronika Job, Guy Bodenmann
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We examined the implicit affective mechanisms underlying provision of support in intimate dyads. Specifically, we hypothesized that in individuals with high relationship satisfaction, the perception that one's partner is stressed leads to increased implicit positive attitudes toward communal goals. In turn, this change in implicit attitudes facilitates supportive behavior. DESIGN AND METHODS: In two studies, we induced partner stress by instructing participants to either recall a situation where their partner was highly stressed (Study 1; N = 47 university students) or imagine a specific stressful event (excessive workload; Study 2; N = 85 university students)...
February 20, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273962/organochlorine-pesticide-mediated-induction-of-nadph-oxidase-and-nitric-oxide-synthase-in-endothelial-cell
#17
Rishila Ghosh, Manushi Siddharth, Neeru Singh, Pawan Kumar Kare, Basu Dev Banerjee, Neelam Wadhwa, Ashok Kumar Tripathi
INTRODUCTION: Organochlorine Pesticides (OCPs) are detected ubiquitously in human and have been shown to be associated with Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) and atherosclerosis. AIM: To find out the effect of organochlorine pesticides in endothelial cell with regard to oxidative stress and associated expression of enzymes producing superoxide and Nitric Oxide (NO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVEC) were cultured and treated with four OCPs which were found in human blood at a concentration of 0...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271341/mantras-help-the-general-psychological-well-being-of-college-students-a-pilot-study
#18
Aruna Lolla
The mind receives deep effect of harmonizing from incantatory spiritual verse known as "mantra." This ancient Indian spiritual science of sound vibrations had been used to help the mind, body and life. Students in top-ranking colleges often feel pressurized and complain of depression. Mantras could help ease their stress. This work attempts to study the impact of mantra on the psychological well-being of college students. Volunteers selected and listened to the mantra of their choice in the test period. Psychological tests were conducted before and after the test period...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270319/place-green-exercise-and-stress-an-exploration-of-lived-experience-and-restorative-effects
#19
Gunnthora Olafsdottir, Paul Cloke, Claus Vögele
This paper reports on inter-disciplinary research designed to investigate the stress-buffering effects of green exercise, and the importance of the context in which exercise takes place. This investigation of context effects examines both individual physiological responses (salivary cortisol) and the phenomenological interpretation of lived experiences of the intervention, reported by a subsample of participants in a randomized, controlled trial, in which healthy, physically inactive university students were randomly allocated to three activities: walking on a treadmill in a gym, walking in semi-natural recreational area, and sitting and watching nature-based videos on TV...
March 5, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269803/an-experimental-analysis-to-monitor-and-manage-stress-among-engineering-students-using-galvanic-skin-response-meter
#20
Anurag Joshi, Ravi Kiran, Ash Narayan Sah
BACKGROUND: This paper studies the impact of musical religious songs (hymns) for managing stress of Indian Engineering students through Galvanic Skin Response (GSR). OBJECTIVE: The objective of the paper is to find out, whether listening to hymns is able to reduce the value of GSR. METHODS: Sample students were selected through initial screening and the students who reported high mental stress during the interview were selected for the main drills...
February 27, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
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