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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927260/awe-in-nature-heals-evidence-from-military-veterans-at-risk-youth-and-college-students
#1
Craig L Anderson, Maria Monroy, Dacher Keltner
The power of nature to both heal and inspire awe has been noted by many great thinkers. However, no study has examined how the impact of nature on well-being and stress-related symptoms is explained by experiences of awe. In the present investigation, we examine this process in studies of extraordinary and everyday nature experiences. In Study 1, awe experienced by military veterans and youth from underserved communities while whitewater rafting, above and beyond all the other positive emotions measured, predicted changes in well-being and stress-related symptoms one week later...
June 21, 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926768/religiosity-protective-or-risk-factor-for-posttraumatic-distress-among-adolescents-who-were-exposed-to-different-types-of-acts-of-political-violence
#2
Efrat Sakat, Miriam Schiff
This study examined the potential moderating effects of religiosity on the associations between exposure to acts of political violence and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTS) among Jewish adolescents in Israel. In addition, it examined whether self-reported physical and interpersonal exposure to acts of political violence predicts PTS symptoms beyond the objective exposure effects (i.e., the proximity of participants' place of residence to high-, moderate-, or low-intensity political violence). A representative sample of 2,992 Jewish high school students (Grades 10 and 11) was taken...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926314/independent-and-relative-effects-of-stress-depressive-symptoms-and-affect-on-college-students-daily-health-behaviors
#3
Elizabeth D Dalton, Constance L Hammen
Stress and depressive symptoms are associated with maladaptive health behavior practices such as unhealthy eating, sedentary behavior, insufficient sleep, and substance use. The relative and interactive effects of stress and depressive symptoms on health behavior practices are less well understood. The present study examined these processes in a daily diary study of 127 college students. Results from hierarchical generalized linear models indicated that depressive symptoms, and chronic and daily stress, but not acute stressful life events, were significantly associated with a composite score of daily maladaptive health behavior engagement (depressive symptoms b = ...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924206/effect-of-hyperbaric-oxygenation-on-the-expression-of-glutathione-peroxidase-4-and-lactoperoxidase-genes-in-the-lung-of-isogenic-mice-after-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-the-small-bowel
#4
Adauto Tsutomu Ikejiri, Frederico Somaio Neto, Paulo Roberto Bertoletto, José Carlos Chaves, Alexandre Key WakateTeruya, Cândida Aparecida Leite Kassuya, Murched Omar Taha, Djalma José Fagundes
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of hyperbaric oxygenation (HBO) on the expression of the genes antioxidant glutathione peroxidase 4 (Gpx4) and lactoperoxidase (Lpo) in the lung of mice subjected to intestinal ischemia and reperfusion (IIR). METHODS: Control group (CG) in which were subjected to anesthesia, laparotomy and observation for 120 minutes; an ischemia and reperfusion group (IRG) subjected to anesthesia, laparotomy, small bowel ischemia for 60 minutes and reperfusion for 60 minutes; and three groups treated with HBO during ischemia (HBOG + I), during reperfusion (HBOG + R) and during ischemia and reperfusion (HBOG + IR)...
May 2018: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924167/stress-of-nursing-students-in-clinical-simulation-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Radamés Boostel, Jorge Vinícius Cestari Felix, Carina Bortolato-Major, Edivane Pedrolo, Stela Adami Vayego, Maria de Fátima Mantovani
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the perception of stressors by nursing students before and after a high-fidelity clinical simulation or conventional laboratory practice class. METHOD: This is a randomized clinical trial conducted with 52 nursing students. Both groups had theoretical classes about cardiothoracic physical examination, followed by practice class in skill laboratory. In addition, the experimental group took part in a high-fidelity simulation scenario...
May 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922973/the-association-between-depression-suicidal-ideation-and-psychological-strains-in-college-students-a-cross-national-study
#6
Sibo Zhao, Jie Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the differences of psychological strains between Chinese and American college students and discussed how strains may influence individuals' suicidal ideation and depression. PARTICIPANTS/METHODS: A total of 539 college students (298 from China and 241 from the U.S.) were recruited in March 2016 to complete the survey study. Multiple linear regressions were used in data analysis. RESULTS: Students in America had higher scores on depression and stress than students in China, while students in China rated higher on suicidal ideation than students in America...
June 19, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917260/does-obesity-affect-the-outcomes-in-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-analysis-of-the-nationwide-inpatient-sample-database-2010-2014
#7
Rupak Desai, Sandeep Singh, Maryam Baikpour, Hemant Goyal, Abhijeet Dhoble, Abhishek Deshmukh, Gautam Kumar, Rajesh Sachdeva
BACKGROUND: It is well known that obesity can lead to increased oxidative stress, which is one of the proposed mechanisms in the etiopathogenesis of Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy (TCM). However, it is unknown if the presence of obesity affects the outcomes in patients with TCM. METHODS: We queried the National Inpatient Sample database from 2010-2014 to identify adult patients who admitted with a principal diagnosis of TCM with and without obesity. We compared the categorical and continuous variables by Pearson's chi-square and Student's t-test respectively in propensity-score matched cohorts...
June 19, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916572/the-burnout-phenomenon-among-student-radiographers-a-single-centre-experience
#8
Sergio Salerno, Chiara Tudisca, Flavia Di Liberto, Domenica Matranga, Giuseppe La Tona, Giuseppe Lo Re, Antonio Lo Casto
OBJECTIVES: Burnout syndrome is a condition that may occur not only for staff in human service sectors/jobs, involving intensive interactions with others, but also people that are engaged in activities psychologically similar to work, such as students. Radiographers in training suffer double stress, first linked to the status of being a university student and secondly as early career workers who have relations with the public of the health system. Aim of our study was to investigate the prevalence and levels of burnout syndrome among radiographers in training in an University Hospital...
December 2017: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913743/somatocognitive-therapy-in-the-management-of-chronic-gynaecological-pain-a-review-of-the-historical-background-and-results-of-a-current-approach
#9
Gro Killi Haugstad, Unni Kirste, Siv Leganger, Elin Haakonsen, Tor S Haugstad
Historic background and development of our somatocognitive approach Mensendieck physiotherapy of the Oslo School is a tradition of physiotherapy founded by the American physician Bess Mensendieck, a contemporary and fellow student of Sigmund Freud at the Paris School of Neurology. It builds on the principles of functional anatomy and the theories of motor learning. We have further developed the theory and practice from this physiotherapy tradition, challenged by the enormous load of patients with longstanding, incapacitating pain on western health care systems, by seeking to incorporate inspirational ideas from body oriented dynamic psychotherapy and cognitive psychotherapy...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913378/testing-neurophysiological-markers-related-to-fear-potentiated-startle
#10
Antonia V Seligowski, Erin Bondy, Paris Singleton, Holly K Orcutt, Kerry J Ressler, Randy P Auerbach
Fear-potentiated startle (FPS) paradigms provide insight into fear learning mechanisms that contribute to impairment among individuals with posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Electrophysiology also has provided insight into these mechanisms through the examination of event-related potentials (ERPs) such as the P100 and LPP. It remains unclear, however, whether the P100 and LPP may be related to fear learning processes within the FPS paradigm. To this end, we tested differences in ERP amplitudes for conditioned stimuli associated (CS+) and not associated (CS-) with an aversive unconditioned stimulus (US) during fear acquisition...
June 11, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912574/the-relationship-between-neuroticism-and-night-eating-exploring-the-mediating-roles-of-psychological-distress-and-maladaptive-coping
#11
Jinbo He, Xitao Fan, Jinjin Yan, Fang Huang, Wen Wu, Zhihui Cai
Night Eating Syndrome has been shown to be associated with various negative physical and psychological consequences. This study explored the relationship between neuroticism and night eating, which had not been studied before. We also examined the possible mediating roles of psychological distress and maladaptive coping for the relationship between neuroticism and night eating. A sample of 578 Chinese college students were assessed on several measures: The Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Short Scale, the Night Eating Questionnaire, the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales, and the Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire...
June 18, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910349/differences-among-three-measures-of-reaction-time-based-on-hand-laterality-in-individual-sports
#12
Dana Badau, Bilgehan Baydil, Adela Badau
(1) Aim: The study aimed at assessing simple-reaction, recognition and cognitive-reaction times to visual stimuli among student athletes: boxing, gymnastics, taekwondo, judo, karate and wrestling, using computer games tests. (2) Methods: Our study involved 332 students and athletes. We applied three types of computer tests to measure the dominant and non-dominant hands: the simple motor reaction time through the Human Benchmark test, the recognition time by the Hit-the-dots and the cognitive reaction time by the Trail making test part B...
May 19, 2018: Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908950/low-transcriptional-activity-of-pon2-in-recurrent-abortion-a-novel-therapeutic-agent
#13
Levent Dikbas, Riza Dur, İsmail Hakkı Tas, Ömer Erkan Yapça, Neslihan Dikbas
OBJECTIVE: Oxidative stress has been reported to be associated with various pregnancy complications and to play key roles in many of them. An inadequate level of antioxidant defense may eventually lead to an early pregnancy loss. There is a lack of information about the roles of the PON2 and PON3 enzymes in the etiology of the cases of unexplained recurrent abortus. The aim of our study is to determine and present the data regarding the roles of these enzymes for the first time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We measured the transcriptional levels of the PON2 and PON3 enzymes in the curettage materials obtained from the patients with unexplained recurrent abortus (n=25) and compared the results with those measured in the abortus materials from healthy pregnant women (n=50) who had undergone a voluntary abortion...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906771/academic-stress-and-active-learning-of-nursing-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Nicola Magnavita, Carlo Chiorri
BACKGROUND: The active role of nursing students is particularly important in the delivery of health care, since playing an active role at the bedside and the use of active and collaborative engagement of students in the nursing activities has been associated with improved student learning. This is consistent with Karasek's learning hypothesis, but it has never been tested on nursing students. This study aimed at investigating whether nursing students in high control conditions reported lower levels of work impairment than students in the conditions with low control, compared them with a group of healthcare workers (HCWs), and tested the moderating role of social support at work...
June 8, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905661/types-of-trauma-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-academic-performance-in-a-population-of-university-students
#15
Juliana L Pereira, Gisela Maria Guedes-Carneiro, Liana R Netto, Patrícia Cavalcanti-Ribeiro, Sidnei Lira, José F Nogueira, Carlos A Teles, Karestan C Koenen, Aline S Sampaio, Lucas C Quarantini
The aim of this work was to investigate the association between traumatic experiences and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with the academic performance of university students. This is a one-phase study that included 2213 students, enrolled at one of seven college institutions in their first or final semesters in all programs, who filled out the self-response questionnaires. From this student population, 14% presented with PTSD, with 13.3% in their first semester and 14.9% in their final semester. The students who presented lower academic results (low scoring) had a higher prevalence of PTSD in both the first and final semesters...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903523/student-and-parent-perspectives-on-severe-food-allergies-at-college
#16
Anne L Ersig, Janet K Williams
INTRODUCTION: Constant vigilance to manage severe food allergies (FAs) can lead to high stress. Additional stress may develop during life-course transitions, such as the transition to college. However, few studies have evaluated everyday and FA-related stress in college students with FA and their parents. This analysis examined experiences of 26 college students with FA and their parents. METHODS: Students and parents completed online surveys in a mixed-methods exploratory study of everyday and FA-related stressors, potential contributing factors, and FA management...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902264/association-of-electrocardiogram-alterations-of-rescuers-and-performance-during-a-simulated-cardiac-arrest-a-prospective-simulation-study
#17
Lucas Tramèr, Christoph Becker, Seraina Hochstrasser, Stephan Marsch, Sabina Hunziker
BACKGROUND: Performance of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) causes significant mental stress for rescuers, especially if performed by inexperienced individuals. Our aim was to study electrocardiogram (ECG) alterations in rescuers and its association with gender and CPR performance. METHODS: We included 126 medical students in this prospective, observational simulator study. Each student was equipped with a 3-lead continuous ECG device tracking the individual electrocardiographic output before, during and after CPR...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898172/efficacy-of-relacin-combined-with-sodium-hypochlorite-against-enterococcus-faecalis-biofilms
#18
Cai Yanling, Liu Hongyan, Wei Xi, Crielaard Wim, Deng Dongmei
OBJECTIVE: Relacin is a synthetic molecule that targets RelA, an essential protein in a conserved bacterial stress response system. It was shown to inhibit bacterial growth. The aims of this study were to evaluate the antimicrobial effect of relacin combined with sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) on Enterococcus faecalis biofilms and to evaluate the cytotoxicity of relacin. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 48-h E. faecalis OG1RF biofilms were treated by various concentrations of relacin in order to determine its inhibitory concentration...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897882/a-radical-rn-bs-nursing-class-outcomes-from-an-integrative-yoga-elective
#19
Carey S Clark
With the knowledge of psychoneuroimmunological responses and the known high stress levels of nursing students, as caring nurse educators, we have become ethically obligated to revise and re-vision our current nursing educational practices. Nurse educators should be motivated to create innovative and radical caring science curricular approaches, so that our nurses of the future are in turn supported in creating caring- healing sustainable bedside practices. This paper details the outcomes from an upper level yoga elective in an RN- BSN program...
June 13, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897316/developing-a-professional-studies-curriculum-to-support-veterinary-professional-identity-formation
#20
Elizabeth Armitage-Chan, Stephen A May
Professional studies teaching in medical and veterinary education is undergoing a period of change. Traditional approaches, aiming to teach students professional values and behaviors, are being enhanced by curricula designed to support students' professional identity formation. This development offers the potential for improving student engagement and graduates' mental well-being. The veterinary professional identity associated with emotional resilience and success in practice incorporates complexity in professional decision making and the importance of context on behaviors and actions...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
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