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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458196/within-subject-associations-between-inflammation-and-features-of-depression-using-the-flu-vaccine-as-a-mild-inflammatory-stimulus
#1
Kate R Kuhlman, Theodore F Robles, Larissa N Dooley, Chloe C Boyle, Marcie D Haydon, Julienne E Bower
BACKGROUND: Inflammation plays a role in mood and behavior that may be relevant to identifying risk factors and treatment for depression and other stress-related illnesses. The purpose of this study was to examine whether fluctuations in inflammation following a mild immune stimulus were associated with changes in daily reported features of depression for up to a week in a healthy sample of young adults. METHODS: Forty one undergraduate students completed daily diaries of mood, feelings of social disconnection, sleep, and physical symptoms for one week before and after receiving the seasonal influenza vaccine...
February 16, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457752/accuracy-and-bias-in-perception-of-distress-level-and-distress-change-among-same-sex-college-student-roommate-dyads
#2
Qi Xu, Patrick E Shrout
University students often experience high levels of stress and, in some cases, the stress leads to tragic outcomes. An important question is whether roommates can perceive the level and change in distress in their peers. We examined self- and other-reports of 187 same-sex undergraduate dyads at two times in a spring semester. Using the truth and bias model, we found that roommates tended to underestimate their partner's distress at both time points, and that ratings were equally influenced by truth and self-focus bias forces...
February 1, 2018: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456376/academic-stress-and-prevalence-of-stress-related-self-medication-among-undergraduate-female-students-of-health-and-non-health-cluster-colleges-of-a-public-sector-university-in-dammam-saudi-arabia
#3
Fatima Al Rasheed, Atta Abbas Naqvi, Rizwan Ahmad, Niyaz Ahmad
Objective: The objective was to report academic stress and prevalence of stress-related self-medication among undergraduate female students of health and nonhealth cluster colleges at a public sector university in Dammam, Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: A 5-month cross-sectional survey was conducted in the university. The survey included the English version of 10-item Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) to report self-perceived stress. Student responses were analyzed by SPSS version 22 software...
October 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454874/stressors-for-spanish-nursing-students-in-clinical-practice
#4
Jose-Maria Suarez-Garcia, Alba Maestro-Gonzalez, David Zuazua-Rico, Marta Sánchez-Zaballos, Maria-Pilar Mosteiro-Diaz
BACKGROUND: Clinical practice is critical for nursing students to acquire the knowledge and skills needed to properly develop professionally. The presence of stress in clinical practice may negatively affect their training. OBJECTIVES: To understand the extent to which clinical practice can be stressful for nursing students at a Spanish university and to determine the main stressors associated with the practice. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive, and observational study conducted in 2016 at the two nursing colleges of the University of Oviedo, located in Oviedo and Gijón in the Principality of Asturias, Spain...
February 6, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454315/prevalence-and-correlates-of-positive-mental-health-in-chinese-adolescents
#5
Cheng Guo, Göran Tomson, Christina Keller, Fredrik Söderqvist
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating the prevalence of positive mental health and its correlates are still scarce compared to the studies on mental disorders, although there is growing interest of assessing positive mental health in adolescents. So far, no other study examining the prevalence and determinants of positive mental health in Chinese adolescents has been found. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and correlates of positive mental health in Chinese adolescents...
February 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453857/psychosocial-student-functioning-in-comprehensive-dental-clinic-education-a-qualitative-study
#6
R Moore
INTRODUCTION: The aims were to describe first-year clinical dental students' psychosocial experiences in a known well-functioning comprehensive clinic teaching group (F+Grp) and a known dysfunctional group (Dys-Grp) and, thus, discover and describe phenomena related to psychosocial functioning of students. These groups were compared and contrasted regarding negative stress symptoms, perfectionism and coping with stress. METHODS: Eight female dental students (mean 26 years old), four in each group, were interviewed after the first clinical year about learning and emotional experiences...
February 17, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451636/-potentially-traumatic-events-and-post-traumatic-symptomatology-in-high-school-students
#7
Sheila Adriana Mendoza-Mojica, Octavio Márquez-Mendoza, Marcela Veytia-López, Luciana Esther Ramos-Lira, Ricardo Orozco-Zavala
OBJECTIVE: Describe the occurrence of potentially traumatic events (PTE) in high-school students, measure subthreshold post-traumatic symptomatology in those who still experience PTE repercussions and associate the symptomatology with sociodemographic and PTE characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analytic transversal study carried out in a convenience sample of one thousand students from three high schools in the State of Mexico. The Scale for Post Traumatic Stress in University Students was applied...
November 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450881/a-comparative-description-of-perceived-stress-and-coping-strategies-among-psychology-and-nonpsychology-students-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#8
Zahir Vally, Brettjet L Cody, Safeya N M Alsheraifi, Maryam A Albloshi
PURPOSE: This study describes perceived stress and coping strategies as they occur within a college-aged population from an Arab background. Variables were compared between psychology students and their peers from other faculties. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, correlational design was used for this study. A total of 114 students completed the Brief COPE questionnaire, the Perceived Stress Scale, and a measure of our own design to assess sources of psychosocial support...
February 16, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448910/assessing-the-mediating-role-of-social-support-in-childhood-maltreatment-and-psychopathology-among-college-students-in-northern-ireland
#9
Susan Lagdon, Jana Ross, Martin Robinson, Ateka A Contractor, Ruby Charak, Cherie Armour
The detrimental impact of early trauma, particularly childhood maltreatment, on mental health is well documented. Although it is understood that social support can act as a protective factor toward mental health for children who experience such adversity, few studies have addressed the experience of childhood maltreatment and the important function of social support in adulthood. The current study aimed to assess the mediating role of social support in the relationship between childhood experiences of maltreatment and mental health outcomes including anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and problematic alcohol use in a sample of university students ( N = 640) from Northern Ireland...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448892/examining-the-role-of-racism-in-the-risky-alcohol-use-behaviors-of-black-female-college-students
#10
Delishia M Pittman, Paramjit Kaur
OBJECTIVE: This study explores the impact racism has on the drinking behaviors of Black college women. Little is known about Black college women's experience of racism and the impact racism has on their psychological wellbeing and drinking behaviors. The current study fills a gap in our understanding of the role racism plays in the risky drinking behavior of Black college women. PARTICIPANTS: 469 Black college women ages 18-29 were sampled from 8 colleges and universities across the US, in 3 waves from December 2014-August 2017...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447184/greenery-in-the-university-environment-students-preferences-and-perceived-restoration-likelihood
#11
Nicole van den Bogerd, S Coosje Dijkstra, Jacob C Seidell, Jolanda Maas
A large body of evidence shows that interaction with greenery can be beneficial for human stress reduction, emotional states, and improved cognitive function. It can, therefore, be expected that university students might benefit from greenery in the university environment. Before investing in real-life interventions in a university environment, it is necessary to first explore students' perceptions of greenery in the university environment. This study examined (1) preference for university indoor and outdoor spaces with and without greenery (2) perceived restoration likelihood of university outdoor spaces with and without greenery and (3) if preference and perceived restoration likelihood ratings were modified by demographic characteristics or connectedness to nature in Dutch university students (N = 722)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446496/the-voice-of-nurses-novice-nurses-first-experiences-in-a-clinical-setting-a-longitudinal-diary-study
#12
Yvonne Hoeve Ten, Saskia Kunnen, Jasperina Brouwer, Petrie F Roodbol
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To gain greater understanding of which personal and professional demands novice nurses are confronted with and what can be done to improve the transition from novice to professional staff nurse. BACKGROUND: Novice nurses are confronted with a lot of physical, emotional and intellectual changes in the role-transition process from student nurse to professional staff nurse, which are often related to feelings of confusion, uncertainty and stress...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445978/positive-developmental-changes-after-transition-to-high-school-is-retrospective-growth-correlated-with-measured-changes-in-current-status-of-personal-growth
#13
Shuhei Iimura, Kanako Taku
The transition to high school is generally considered as a stressful turning point in adolescent development, but some students experience personal growth (i.e., positive developmental changes) through that experience. It is important to examine the mechanism behind such positive changes to understand various developmental patterns of adolescents during the transition. However, the concept of growth in this research area remains unexplored. Some researchers have questioned whether retrospective, self-reported growth reflects actual positive changes in the perception of personal growth...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442379/editorial-perspective-integrating-exploratory-and-competitive-confirmatory-approaches-to-testing-person-%C3%A3-environment-interactions
#14
EDITORIAL
Jay Belsky, Keith Widaman
Students of child development and of psychopathology have long been interested in how person characteristics (e.g. genotype, temperament) might moderate the effect of environmental exposures (e.g. harsh parenting, negative life events) on development. Historically, most such research on person × environment interaction has been guided by diathesis-stress thinking, which stipulates that some individuals, due to their personal characteristics, are more susceptible to the adverse effects of contextual risk than are others (but do not function differently under supportive or even benign conditions)...
March 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441737/cesium-137-contaminated-roads-and-health-problems-in-residents-an-epidemiological-investigation-in-seoul-2011
#15
Mina Ha, Young Su Ju, Won Jin Lee, Seung Sik Hwang, Sang Chul Yoo, Kyung Hwa Choi, Eunae Burm, Jieon Lee, Yun Keun Lee, Sanghyuk Im
BACKGROUND: In 2011, two roads in a residential area in Seoul were found to be contaminated with the radionuclide cesium-137 (137Cs). In response to public concerns, an epidemiological study was conducted. METHODS: The standardized cancer incidence ratios in the affected and neighboring regions were calculated based on the central cancer registry. Households in the region were sampled using the random stratified sampling technique, and questionnaires were administered to family members, via home visit and via students in elementary to high schools...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436918/the-impact-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-posttraumatic-stress-cognitions-and-interpersonal-dependency-on-psychological-co-morbidities-following-relationship-dissolution-among-college-students
#16
Siqi Fang, Man Cheung Chung, Clare Watson
BACKGROUND: Relationship dissolution is a distressing experience which can result in the emergence of posttraumatic stress (i.e. post-dissolution PTSS) and other psychological symptoms among college students. Little is known, however, whether posttraumatic stress cognitions and interpersonal dependency may influence the severity of these distress outcomes. AIMS: This study examined the interrelationship between posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), posttraumatic stress cognitions, interpersonal dependency and psychological co-morbidities following relationship dissolution...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436883/academic-and-non-academic-predictors-of-student-psychological-distress-the-role-of-social-identity-and-loneliness
#17
Jason C McIntyre, Joanne Worsley, Rhiannon Corcoran, Paula Harrison Woods, Richard P Bentall
BACKGROUND: University students experience high rates of stress and mental illness; however, few studies have comprehensively examined the impact of academic and non-academic stressors on student mental health. Similarly, there has been little focus on the role of social groups in protecting against mental distress in this young adult group. AIM: To identify the key social determinants of mental health symptoms in a student population. METHODS: Using an online survey, we administered measures of social connectedness and mental health symptoms alongside academic and non-academic stressors to a large sample of UK university students...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436878/development-of-a-university-campus-healthy-sleep-promotion-program
#18
Brian E McCabe, Adam S Troy, Hersila H Patel, Valerie Halstead, Mayra Arana
This article provides a preliminary evaluation of a campus sleep health program for undergraduate university students. In this study, 5 focus groups with 38 undergraduates assessed perceptions about sleep in relationship to college experiences. Additionally, 35 undergraduate students participated in campus sleep improvement workshops, and completed a brief self-report survey before and after the workshop. Results showed five themes emerged from focus groups: (a) Sleep and its impact on academics, (b) Understanding of the importance of sleep, (c) Procrastination and its impact on sleep, (d) Stress, and (e) Sleep and extracurricular/social activities...
February 13, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435354/evaluating-the-benefits-of-a-youth-mental-health-curriculum-for-students-in-nicaragua-a-parallel-group-controlled-pilot-investigation
#19
Arun V Ravindran, Andres Herrera, Tricia L da Silva, Joanna Henderson, Magda Esther Castrillo, Stan Kutcher
Background: High rates of mental illness and addictions are well documented among youth in Nicaragua. Limited mental health services, poor mental health knowledge and stigma reduce help-seeking. The Mental Health Curriculum (MHC) is a Canadian school-based program that has shown a positive impact on such contributing factors. This pilot project evaluated the impact of the MHC on mental wellness and functioning among youth in Leon, Nicaragua. Methods: High school and university students (aged 14-25 years) were assigned to intervention (12-week MHC; n  =  567) and control (wait-list; n  =  346) groups in a non-randomized design...
2018: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428931/increased-expression-of-the-innate-immune-receptor-tlr10-in-obesity-and-type-2-diabetes-association-with-ros-mediated-oxidative-stress
#20
Sardar Sindhu, Nadeem Akhter, Shihab Kochumon, Reeby Thomas, Ajit Wilson, Steve Shenouda, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Rasheed Ahmad
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Metabolic diseases such as obesity and type-2 diabetes (T2D) are known to be associated with chronic low-grade inflammation called metabolic inflammation together with an oxidative stress milieu found in the expanding adipose tissue. The innate immune Toll-like receptors (TLR) such as TLR2 and TLR4 have emerged as key players in metabolic inflammation; nonetheless, TLR10 expression in the adipose tissue and its significance in obesity/T2D remain unclear. METHODS: TLR10 gene expression was determined in the adipose tissue samples from healthy non-diabetic and T2D individuals, 13 each, using real-time RT-PCR...
January 30, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
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