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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240823/facebook-addiction-disorder-fad-among-german-students-a-longitudinal-approach
#1
Julia Brailovskaia, Jürgen Margraf
The present study aimed to investigate Facebook Addiction Disorder (FAD) in a German student sample over a period of one year. While mean FAD level did not increase during the investigation period, a significant increase was shown in the number of participants reaching the critical cutoff score. FAD was significantly positively related to the personality trait narcissism and to negative mental health variables (depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms). Furthermore, FAD fully mediated the significant positive relationship between narcissism and stress symptoms, which demonstrates that narcissistic people can be specifically at risk to develop FAD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236796/hyperbaric-oxygenation-and-the-genic-expression-related-to-oxidative-stress-in-the-heart-of-mice-during-intestinal-ischemia-and-reperfusion
#2
Frederico Somaio, Adauto Tsutomo Ikejiri, Paulo Roberto Bertoletto, José Carlos Chaves, Roberto Teruya, Djalma José Fagundes
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of hyperbaric oxygenation (HBO) on intestinal ischemia and reperfusion (IR) injury, we evaluated the expression of 84 genes related to oxidative stress and the antioxidant response in mouse hearts. METHODS: Four groups were subjected to 60 minutes of intestinal ischemia followed by 60 minutes of reperfusion: IRG, ischemia and reperfusion group without HBO; HBO-IG, which received HBO during ischemia; HBO-RG, which received HBO during reperfusion; and HBO-IRG, which received HBO during ischemia and reperfusion...
November 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236727/mental-health-behavioural-problems-and-treatment-seeking-among-students-commencing-university-in-northern-ireland
#3
Margaret McLafferty, Coral R Lapsley, Edel Ennis, Cherie Armour, Sam Murphy, Brendan P Bunting, Anthony J Bjourson, Elaine K Murray, Siobhan M O'Neill
Mental health and behavioural problems are common among students commencing university. University life can be stressful and problems often exacerbate during their course of study, while others develop disorders for the first time. The WHO World Mental Health Surveys International College Student Project aims to conduct longitudinal research to examine and monitor student mental health and wellbeing. The Ulster University Student Wellbeing study, which commenced in September 2015 in Northern Ireland (NI), was conducted as part of this initiative (wave 1, n = 739), using the WMH-CIDI to examine psychopathology...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234513/systematic-review-into-factors-associated-with-the-recruitment-crisis-in-psychiatry-in-the-uk-students-trainees-and-consultants-views
#4
REVIEW
Abid Choudry, Saeed Farooq
Aims and method To review the literature to examine the factors that may be affecting recruitment into psychiatry in the UK. We systematically searched four databases to identify studies from 1974 to 2016 and identified 27 papers that met the specified inclusion criteria. Results Most papers (n = 24) were based on questionnaire surveys. The population in all studies comprised of 1879 psychiatrists, 6733 students and 220 746 trainees. About 4-7% of students opt for a career in psychiatry. Enrichment activities helped to attract students more towards psychiatry than just total time spent in the specialty...
December 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233408/structured-academic-discussions-through-an-online-education-specific-platform-to-improve-pharm-d-students-learning-outcomes
#5
Srikanth Kolluru, James T Varughese
OBJECTIVE: To facilitate active academic discussions using an online, education-centered platform and reinforce concepts, in order to improve overall course outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A third year integrated pharmacotherapy course was enrolled on an online searchable platform, Piazza®, to facilitate academic discussions. Students could ask, answer, and explore content, and build on submitted answers in wiki style in collaboration. Instructor posted learning objectives, endorsed student responses with correct answers and led follow-up discussions...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233390/transgender-students-in-pharmacy-school-part-1-what-academic-administrators-need-to-know
#6
Kurt A Wargo, Ryan E Owens
While gender transition is a very exciting time for most students embarking upon this personal journey, it is not without its stressors as well. For students choosing to further their education and become pharmacists, the complexity and demands of pharmacy education during the transition period can be one such additive stressor. As pharmacy educators and administrators, we have the ability to help shape this professional journey and alleviate stress by maintaining our obligation to provide a safe and non-discriminatory learning environment for all students...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232024/myocardial-perfusion-reserve-index-in-children-with-kawasaki-disease
#7
Richard M Friesen, Michal Schäfer, Pei-Ni Jone, Nana Appiawiah, Daniel Vargas, Brian Fonseca, Michael V DiMaria, Uyen Truong, LaDonna Malone, Lorna P Browne
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery lesions in patients with Kawasaki disease (KD) can impair myocardial perfusion, yet evaluation of perfusion defects by cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) in children is often qualitative. PURPOSE: In this study we aimed to use a quantitative method of myocardial perfusion using stress cardiac MR-derived myocardial perfusion reserve index (MPRI) in children with KD and compare MPRI with ventricular mechanical performance evaluated by cardiac MR strain analysis...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231249/analysis-of-the-costs-of-veterinary-education-and-factors-associated-with-financial-stress-among-veterinary-students-in-australia
#8
K P Gregory, S M Matthew, J A Baguley
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the course-related and other costs involved in obtaining a veterinary education in Australia and how these costs are met. The study also aimed to identify sociodemographic and course-related factors associated with increased financial stress. METHODS: Students from seven Australian veterinary schools were surveyed using an online questionnaire. A total of 443 students participated (response rate 17%). Responses to survey items relating to finances, employment and course-related costs were compared with sociodemographic factors and prior research in the area of student financial stress...
December 12, 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230272/the-role-of-guilt-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#9
Konstantin Bub, Miriam J J Lommen
Background: A growing body of evidence supports the notion that the emotional profile of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) may be more diverse than traditional accounts presume. PTSD's image as an anxiety-based disorder is undergoing change as the significance of other emotions in its development becomes more evident. Experimental research is needed in order to expand the understanding of underlying processes driving the development of PTSD. Objective: Experimentally test the influence of stressor-related guilt on the occurrence of PTSD symptomatology...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229660/rationale-and-design-of-geneius-a-prospective-observational-study-on-the-genetic-and-environmental-determinants-of-body-mass-index-evolution-in-canadian-undergraduate-students
#10
Rita E Morassut, Christine Langlois, Akram Alyass, Adeola F Ishola, Fereshteh T Yazdi, Alexandra J Mayhew, Hudson Reddon, James MacKillop, Marie Pigeyre, David Meyre
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a global epidemic and is a risk factor for developing other comorbidities. Young adulthood is a critical period for body weight change and establishing healthy lifestyle behaviours. The 'Freshman 15' suggests that undergraduate students gain 15 lbs (6.8 kg) during their first year of university, although evidence estimates a more modest weight gain of approximately 3-5 lbs (1.4-2.3 kg). Previous studies have only investigated weight change in the first year and do not study potential risk factors...
December 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228794/learning-to-breathe-a-pilot-study-of-a-mindfulness-based-intervention-to-support-marginalized-youth
#11
Amy L Eva, Natalie M Thayer
Mindfulness-based curricular interventions can support adolescents who are at risk of school failure as they negotiate the transition from high school into young adulthood. Researchers hypothesized that a 6-week mindfulness-based intervention would lower participants' perceived stress while increasing their reported levels of self-esteem. Participants (N = 23) ranged in age from 17 to 20 years while the majority were male students of color. Pre- and postintervention survey mean responses revealed statistically significant differences on the Single-Item Self-Esteem Scale and 3 items on the Perceived Stress Scale (with small to moderate effect sizes)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227897/sleep-difficulties-in-college-students-the-role-of-stress-affect-and-cognitive-processes
#12
Ana Paula Amaral, Maria João Soares, Ana Margarida Pinto, Ana Telma Pereira, Nuno Madeira, Sandra Carvalho Bos, Mariana Marques, Carolina Roque, António Macedo
Previous research indicates that sleep difficulties and stress are prevalent in college students. The main aim of the current study was to investigate the role of repetitive negative thinking (RNT), cognitive emotion regulation, and negative affect as mediators of the relationship between stress and sleep difficulties. We also intended to analyse the associations between all these variables and the gender differences. A sample of 549 college students completed self-report measures assessing the mentioned variables...
December 2, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227889/nursing-and-midwifery-students-stress-and-coping-during-their-undergraduate-education-programmes-an-integrative-review
#13
REVIEW
Bridie McCarthy, Anna Trace, Moira O'Donovan, Caroline Brady-Nevin, Margaret Murphy, Maria O'Shea, Patricia O'Regan
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review is to examine the literature related to the sources of stress, coping mechanisms and interventions to support undergraduate nursing and midwifery students to cope with stress during their undergraduate education. DESIGN: Integrative literature review. DATA SOURCES: The databases CINAHL, PubMed and PsycINFO were searched for articles published between 2010 and 2016. Search terms in various combinations were used for example; student nurse, student midwife, undergraduate, stress, coping and interventions...
November 28, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226443/lessons-from-analyzing-the-medical-costs-of-civilian-terror-victims-planning-resources-allocation-for-a-new-era-of-confrontations
#14
Eytan Ellenberg, Mark I Taragin, Jay R Hoffman, Osnat Cohen, Daniella Luft-Afik, Zvia Bar-On, Ishay Ostfeld
Policy Points: Across the globe, the threat from terrorist attacks is rising, which requires a careful assessment of long-term medical support. We found 3 major sources of costs: hospital expenditures, mental health services dedicated to acute stress reactions, and ambulatory follow-up. During the first year, most of the costs were related to hospitalization and support for stress relief. During the second year, ambulatory and rehabilitation costs continued to grow. Public health specialists should consider these major components of costs and their evolution over time to properly advise the medical and social authorities on allocating resources for the medical and nonmedical support of civilian casualties resulting from war or terror...
December 2017: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225359/psychometric-properties-of-the-croatian-language-version-of-the-dental-environment-stress-questionnaire-on-dental-medicine-students
#15
Martina Laktić, Krešimir Kuftinec, Asja Čelebić, Ines Kovačić, Mohamed Nasser Alhajj, Sanja Peršić Kiršić
Objective: To develop the Croatian version of the 41-item Dental Environment Stress questionnaire (DES) for stress assessment of dental students in both, preclinical and clinical years of study and to test its psychometric properties in Croatian dental student population. Materials and Methods: The English version of the 41-Item DES questionnaire was first translated into the Croatian language. Subsequently, it was set on the google drive and filled out by a total of 202 students from the School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb and 30 additional students from other Faculties...
September 2017: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221328/uncontrolled-and-under-diagnosed-asthma-in-a-damascus-shelter-during-the-syrian-crisis
#16
Yousser Mohammad, Shaaban Rafea, Youssef Latifeh, Ali Khaddam, Bisher Sawaf, Mhd Ismael Zakaria, Mohammad Sadek Al Masalmeh, Yaser Fawaz, Abdoulraouf Allaham, Imad Almani, Hiba El-Tarcheh, Ayham Ghazal, Ali Zaher, Hala Rifai, Hamed Joumah, S Dresden Glockler-Lauf, Teresa To
Background: Studies have shown that poor shelter or dwelling conditions may lead to deteriorations in health. Those with asthma may be more susceptible to compromised living conditions and stress leading to a higher risk of asthma exacerbations. To describe the asthma control and quality of life of individuals with diagnosed asthma living in a shelter in Damascus, Syria and estimate the prevalence of respiratory symptoms in shelter dwellers without diagnosed asthma. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, all individuals 5 years and older living in Al-Herjalleh shelter with diagnosed asthma were recruited to complete a questionnaire, which included items related to their respiratory symptoms, asthma exacerbations, exposure to asthma triggers, medication use, and health-related quality of life before and since entering the shelter...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216910/perceived-causes-of-stress-among-a-group-of-western-canadian-dental-students
#17
Alyssa Hayes, Jay N Hoover, Chandima P Karunanayake, Gerald S Uswak
OBJECTIVE: The demanding nature of dental education, both academically and clinically, results in higher levels of perceived stress among its students. The aim of this study was to determine how dental students at the College of Dentistry, University of Saskatchewan perceived stress. During the 2013-2014 academic year, all students were asked to complete a modified dental environmental survey (DES). RESULTS: Of the 111 students enrolled at the College that year 92 completed the survey (response rate = 83%)...
December 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216603/effects-of-an-intensive-clinical-skills-course-on-senior-nursing-students-self-confidence-and-clinical-competence-a-quasi-experimental-post-test-study
#18
Soohyun Park
BACKGROUND: To foster nursing professionals, nursing education requires the integration of knowledge and practice. Nursing students in their senior year experience considerable stress in performing the core nursing skills because, typically, they have limited opportunities to practice these skills in their clinical practicum. Therefore, nurse educators should revise the nursing curricula to focus on core nursing skills. OBJECTIVES: To identify the effect of an intensive clinical skills course for senior nursing students on their self-confidence and clinical competence...
November 27, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214560/invented-spelling-word-stress-and-syllable-awareness-in-relation-to-reading-difficulties-in-children
#19
Sheena Mehta, Yi Ding, Molly Ness, Eric C Chen
The study assessed the clinical utility of an invented spelling tool and determined whether invented spelling with linguistic manipulation at segmental and supra-segmental levels can be used to better identify reading difficulties. We conducted linguistic manipulation by using real and nonreal words, incorporating word stress, alternating the order of consonants and vowels, and alternating the number of syllables. We recruited 60 third-grade students, of which half were typical readers and half were poor readers...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214151/association-between-depression-and-factors-affecting-career-choice-among-jordanian-nursing-students
#20
Said Yousef, Mariam Athamneh, Emad Masuadi, Haitham Ahmad, Tom Loney, Hamdy F Moselhy, Fatma Al-Maskari, Iffat ElBarazi
Background: Although stress reaction is high among nursing staff and nursing students in the Middle East and its effect on life is known, there are scant studies reporting on these clinical and social features. In addition, there are no studies reporting on factors that influence career choice among this group. Aim: This study aimed to investigate factors that influence career choice among nursing students and their possible association with depressive symptoms...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
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