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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687498/young-people-s-experiences-of-managing-type-1-diabetes-at-university-a-national-study-of-uk-university-students
#1
J Kellett, M Sampson, F Swords, H R Murphy, A Clark, A Howe, C Price, V Datta, K S Myint
AIM: Little is known about the challenges of transitioning from school to university for young people with Type 1 diabetes. In a national survey, we investigated the impact of entering and attending university on diabetes self-care in students with Type 1 diabetes in all UK universities. METHODS: Some 1865 current UK university students aged 18-24 years with Type 1 diabetes, were invited to complete a structured questionnaire. The association between demographic variables and diabetes variables was assessed using logistic regression models...
April 23, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686638/the-relationship-between-posttraumatic-cognitive-change-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-posttraumatic-growth-among-chinese-adolescents-after-the-yancheng-tornado-the-mediating-effect-of-rumination
#2
Yi Zhang, Wei Xu, Guangzhe Yuan, Yuanyuan An
The aim of this study was to explore the different cognitive processes involved in the development of posttraumatic stress disorders (PTSDs) and posttraumatic growth (PTG). One year after the Yancheng tornado, 455 middle school students were assessed to study how posttraumatic cognitive change (PCC) influenced PTSD and PTG among traumatized Chinese adolescents through the role of rumination. The results indicated that intrusive rumination partly mediated the relationship between PCC and PTSD, and deliberate rumination partly mediated the relationship between PCC and PTSD and completely mediated the relationship between PCC and PTG...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686634/decision-making-competence-social-orientation-time-style-and-perceived-stress
#3
Martin Geisler, Carl Martin Allwood
Peoples' decision-making competence, defined as tendency to follow normative rational principles in their decision making, is important as it may influence the extent that requirements are met and levels of perceived stress. In addition, perceived stress could be influenced by social orientation and time style; for example, decisions need to comply with given deadlines and the expectations of others. In two studies, with students ( n = 118) and professionals (police investigators, n = 90), we examined how the three individual difference features: decision-making competence, social orientation, and time approach relate to perceived stress...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685870/effectiveness-of-an-internet-and-app-based-intervention-for-college-students-with-elevated-stress-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Mathias Harrer, Sophia Helen Adam, Rebecca Jessica Fleischmann, Harald Baumeister, Randy Auerbach, Ronny Bruffaerts, Pim Cuijpers, Ronald C Kessler, Matthias Berking, Dirk Lehr, David Daniel Ebert
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems are highly prevalent among college students. Most students with poor mental health, however, do not receive professional help. Internet-based self-help formats may increase the utilization of treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the efficacy of an internet-based, app-supported stress management intervention for college students. METHODS: College students (n=150) with elevated levels of stress (Perceived Stress Scale 4-item version, PSS-4 ≥8) were randomly assigned to either an internet- and mobile-based stress intervention group with feedback on demand or a waitlist control group...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682857/fifth-year-dental-students-visions-of-leadership-a-qualitative-study
#5
H Taipale, T A Tuononen, A L Suominen
INTRODUCTION: Leadership skills are important in dentists' work. Leadership education already in undergraduate curriculum is noteworthy. The aim of this qualitative study was to describe dental students' visions of leadership: how they imagined they end up in leadership position, factors supporting either staying in or leaving the position and their future views. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data were gathered after participants, fifth-year dental students, attended a "Dentist as a Leader" study module...
April 22, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682345/the-effect-of-interpersonal-counseling-for-subthreshold-depression-in-undergraduates-an-exploratory-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Ami Yamamoto, Emi Tsujimoto, Reiko Taketani, Noa Tsujii, Osamu Shirakawa, Hisae Ono
Background: Subthreshold depression and poor stress coping strategies are major public health problems among undergraduates. Interpersonal counseling (IPC) is a brief structured psychological intervention originally designed for use in primary care to treat depressive patients whose symptoms arose from current life stress. Objectives: This study examined the efficacy of IPC in treating subthreshold depression and coping strategies among undergraduates in school counseling...
2018: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680166/intake-of-caffeine-from-all-sources-and-reasons-for-use-by-college-students
#7
Caroline R Mahoney, Grace E Giles, Bernadette P Marriott, Daniel A Judelson, Ellen L Glickman, Paula J Geiselman, Harris R Lieberman
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Caffeine intake in a convenience sample of U.S. college students (N = 1248) was surveyed at five geographically-dispersed United States (U.S.) universities. METHODS: Intake from coffee, tea, soft drinks, energy drinks, gums, and medications was assessed. Associations between caffeine intake and demographic variables including sex, age, race/ethnicity, family income, general health, exercise, weight variables and tobacco use were examined...
April 10, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675516/biomechanical-effect-of-ferrule-on-incisors-restored-with-a-fiberglass-post-and-lithium-disilicate-ceramic-crown-after-thermal-cycling-and-fatigue-loading
#8
Andréa Dolores Correia Miranda Valdivia, Monise de Paula Rodrigues, Aline Aredes Bicalho, Bart Van Meerbeek, Jos Vander Sloten, Roberto Sales E Pessoa, Carlos José Soares
PURPOSE: To evaluate the biomechanics of endodontically treated incisors restored with a fiberglass post and a CAD/CAM lithium-disilicate ceramic crown with/without a ferrule after thermal and mechanical aging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty bovine incisors were divided into two groups (n = 10): 1. Fe, with a ferrule of 2 mm, and 2. NFe, without a ferrule. After endodontic treatment, the teeth were restored using a fiberglass post (Exacto 3, Angelus) and composite core (Tetric Ceram, Ivoclar Vivadent)...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674991/when-teams-fail-to-self-regulate-predictors-and-outcomes-of-team-procrastination-among-debating-teams
#9
Edwin A J Van Hooft, Heleen Van Mierlo
Models of team development have indicated that teams typically engage in task delay during the first stages of the team's life cycle. An important question is to what extent this equally applies to all teams, or whether there is variation across teams in the amount of task delay. The present study introduces the concept of team procrastination as a lens through which we can examine whether teams collectively engage in unplanned, voluntary, and irrational delay of team tasks. Based on theory and research on self-regulation, team processes, and team motivation we developed a conceptual multilevel model of predictors and outcomes of team procrastination...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674776/-anxiety-depression-and-risk-consumption-of-alcohol-in-a-sample-of-university-students
#10
Omar Enzo Santangelo, Sandro Provenzano, Alberto Firenze
AIM: The university student is vulnerable to the adverse effects of many stress factors that can lead to depressive symptoms, anxiety and alcohol abuse, causing an increase in the burden of illness in young people. The aim of the study was to measure depressive symptoms, anxiety levels, and harmful alcohol consumption within the student population of the University of Palermo. METHODS: An online questionnaire was sent by e-mail to the 8500 students enrolled in the (ERSU) Regional Office for the Right to University Study's mailing list in Palermo...
March 2018: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672424/the-struggle-is-real-investigating-the-challenge-of-assigning-a-failing-clinical-grade
#11
Jeannie Couper
AIM: The aim of the study was to explore the relationships between role strain, faculty stress, and perceived organizational support for nurse faculty who faced the decision to assign a failing clinical grade. BACKGROUND: Although faculty are responsible for assigning a grade reflecting students' competence and ability to practice safely, faculty find it troublesome and stressful to assign a failing clinical grade. METHOD: A national sample consisting of 390 nursing faculty completed an online four-part questionnaire with an open-ended question...
May 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672087/gratefulness-and-subjective-well-being-social-connectedness-and-presence-of-meaning-as-mediators
#12
Kelly Yu-Hsin Liao, Chih-Yuan Weng
The association between gratefulness and well-being is well established; however, few studies have examined the mechanisms that underlie this association. The broaden-and-build theory (Fredrickson, 1998, 2001) posits that positive emotions broaden individuals' momentary thought-action repertoires, which serve to build personal resources that can be drawn upon during future stressful encounters. Based on this theory, the current study examined whether gratefulness, a positive emotion, would build social and cognitive resources in terms of social connectedness and presence of meaning in life (i...
April 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670025/predicting-effects-of-psychological-inflexibility-experiential-avoidance-and-stress-coping-strategies-for-internet-addiction-significant-depression-and-suicidality-in-college-students-a-prospective-study
#13
Wei-Po Chou, Cheng-Fang Yen, Tai-Ling Liu
The aims of this study were to evaluate the predicting effects of psychological inflexibility/experiential avoidance (PI/EA) and stress coping strategies for Internet addiction, significant depression and suicidality among college students during the follow-up period of one year. A total of 500 college students participated in this study. The level of PI/EA and stress coping strategies were evaluated initially. One year later, 324 participants were invited to complete the Chen Internet Addiction Scale, Beck Depression Inventory-II and the questionnaire for suicidality to evaluate depression symptoms and internet addiction and suicidality...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669146/impact-of-scribes-on-medical-student-education-a-mixed-methods-pilot-study
#14
Julia Hafer, Xibin Wu, Steven Lin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Medical scribes are an increasingly popular strategy for reducing clerical burden, but little is known about their effect on medical student education. We aimed to evaluate the impact of scribes on medical students' self-reported learning experience. METHODS: We conducted a mixed-methods pilot study. Participants were medical students (third and fourth years) on a family medicine clerkship who worked with an attending physician who practiced with a scribe...
April 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667694/a-grounded-theory-investigation-into-sophomore-students-recall-of-depression-during-their-freshman-year-in-college-a-pilot-study
#15
Julie M Brandy, Theresa A Kessler, Christina H Grabarek
Using a grounded theory approach, the current descriptive qualitative design was conducted with sophomore students to understand the meaning participants gave their freshman experiences with depression. Twelve participants were recruited using scripted class announcements across campus. After informed consent, interviews began with the question: What was the experience of your freshman year in college? All interviews were completed with the primary investigator and transcribed verbatim. Interviews were analyzed using constant comparative methodology...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665505/emotional-intelligence-and-perceived-stress-of-australian-pre-registration-healthcare-students-a-multi-disciplinary-cross-sectional-study
#16
Kim Foster, Judith Fethney, Desirée Kozlowski, Romano Fois, Fareen Reza, Andrea McCloughen
BACKGROUND: Healthcare students can experience high levels of stress. Emotional intelligence can moderate stress and increase wellbeing however there has been no prior research on the relationship between emotional intelligence and stress in Australian healthcare students. OBJECTIVES: To measure emotional intelligence (EI) and perceived stress (PS) in final year healthcare students (nursing, pharmacy and dentistry), and to explore the relationships between EI, PS and discipline...
April 12, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665214/an-analysis-of-clinical-transition-stresses-experienced-by-dental-students-a-qualitative-methods-approach
#17
M Botelho, X Gao, S Y Bhuyan
INTRODUCTION: Stress in dental students is well established with potential psychological distress, emotional exhaustion and burnout-related symptoms. Little attention has been given to the problems encountered by dental students during the transition from theoretical or paraclinical training to the clinical environment. The aim of this study was to adopt a qualitative research methods approach to understand the perceived stressors during students' clinical transition and provide insights for curriculum planners to enhance learning...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663976/factors-related-to-weight-gain-loss-among-emerging-adults-with-obesity
#18
Ping H Johnson, James J Annesi
OBJECTIVES: We examined the reasons for weight gain and barriers to weight loss among emerging adults with obesity. METHODS: Eighty-one female undergraduate students with obesity completed 4-open ended questions in 2015-2016. Qualitative responses were analyzed using NVivo 11 Pro software. RESULTS: Most participants experienced weight gain prior to attending college. The most commonly reported reasons for weight gain include a lack of ability to control one's behaviors or overcome barriers (ie, poor eating habits, lack of physical activity, lack of time, easy access to food), emotional/mental health issues, physical health, and influence of significant others...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663938/cohousing-male-mice-with-and-without-segmental-bone-defects
#19
Jeffrey D Rytlewski, Paul J Childress, David C Scofield, Faisal Khan, Marta B Alvarez, Aamir T Tucker, Jonathan S Harris, Jessica L Peveler, Debra L Hickman, Tien-Min G Chu, Melissa A Kacena
Spaceflight results in bone loss like that associated with osteoporosis or decreased weight-bearing (for example, high-energy trauma such as explosive injuries and automobile accidents). Thus, the unique spaceflight laboratory on the International Space Station presents the opportunity to test bone healing agents during weightlessness. We are collaborating with NASA and the US Army to study bone healing in spaceflight. Given the unique constraints of spaceflight, study design optimization was required. Male mice were selected primarily because their femur is larger than females', allowing for more reproducible surgical outcomes...
April 2, 2018: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661039/high-fidelity-simulation-of-pediatric-emergency-care-an-eye-opening-experience-for-baccalaureate-nursing-students
#20
Sandra P Small, Peggy A Colbourne, Cynthia L Murray
Background Little attention has been given to in-depth examination of what high-fidelity simulation is like for nursing students within the context of a pediatric emergency, such as a cardiopulmonary arrest. It is possible that such high-fidelity simulation could provoke in nursing students intense psychological reactions. Purpose The purpose of this study was to learn about baccalaureate nursing students' lived experience of high-fidelity simulation of pediatric cardiopulmonary arrest. Method Phenomenological methods were used...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmières
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